Volume II Issue X

Publication for Volume-2 Issue-10, October 2018 is in-process ..

The Impact of Militancy, Insurgency and Forced Displacement on Nigerian Economy

Boris Happy Odalonu, Eberechukwu Faith Obani – October 2018 Page No.: 01-08

This study presents the analysis of the impacts of militancy, insurgency and forced displacement on Nigerian economy. The study covered two geo-political zones (South-South and North-East) of Nigeria. The ob¬jective of the study is to understand and analyze impacts of militancy, insurgency and forced displacement in Nigerian economy. Qualitative method of data collection was used and data were analyzed using descriptive method of data analysis. The study is anchored on relative deprivation and frustration-aggression as a theoretical framework of analysis. It reveals that, the persistent injustice, inequality, marginalization, poverty and radical ideology gave room to militancy, insurgency and forced displacement. It also shows that Boko Haram insurgency in the North-East of Nigeria is the greatest single cause of displacement in which over 2.5 million people are refugees or IDPs as a result of it. It further demonstrates that these have not only challenged the security of the Nigerian state but also threatened its unity, economic development, territoriality and sovereignty. The study therefore recommends that, government at all levels and its parastatals as well as the multinational oil companies, should pay special attention to those areas concerned by making provision for higher level of infrastructural development in order to boost the economy and ensure security both to local and foreign investors. Furthermore, government should look inwardly and uproot the cause of insurgence in the North-East of Nigeria in order to put an end to forced displacement in the country.

Page(s): 01-08                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 October 2018

 Boris Happy Odalonu
Department of Political Science, Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu Enugu, Nigeria

 Eberechukwu Faith Obani
Department of Political Science, Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu Enugu, Nigeria

[1]. Abraham, N. M. (2011). Functional education, militancy and youth restiveness in Nigeria‟s Niger Delta: The place of multi-national oil corporations (MNOCs). African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. 5(10), 442-447.
[2]. Abegunde, O. (2013). Mediation in Niger Delta Resource Conflict: Assessing the Determinant of a Successful Process. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) 13(2), 8-13.
[3]. Adesote, S.A & Omojeje, A.V. 2012. Violence and Internal Population Displacement in Nigeria, 1999-2011. The 2nd Toyin Falola Annual International Conference on Africa and the African Diaspora at Excellence Hotel, Ogba, Lagos, 2nd – 4th July, 2012
[4]. Adesote, A.S. (2017). Thematic Articles: Facets of Migration in Africa Internal Conflicts and Forced Migration in Nigeria: A Historical Perspective, Journal of Identity and Migration Studies, 11(1), 2-26.
[5]. Afinotan, L. A., & Ojakorotu, V. (2009). The Niger Delta crisis: Issues, challenges and Prospects African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. 3(5), 191-198.
[6]. Agbiboa, D & Maiangwa, B (2014). Nigeria United in Grief; Divided in Response: Religious Terrorism, Boko Haram, and the Dynamics of State Response, African Journal on Conflict Resolution, 14(1),
[7]. Aghedo, I & Osumah, O. (2014) Insurgency in Nigeria: A Comparative Study of Niger Delta and Boko Haram Uprisings, Journal of Asian and African Studies,1-15. published online 23 February 2014 DOI: 10.1177/0021909614520726
[8]. Ajayi, A.I & Adesote, S.A. 2013. The Gains and Pains of the Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, 2007-2012: A Preliminary Assessment. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 48 (4), 515-
[9]. Alabi, O. D. (n.d.) Militancy, Amnesty and Peace in Nigeria’s Niger Delta, Dept of Political Science and Defence Studies Nigeran Defence Academy Kaduna
[10]. Amaize, E. (2016, January 18) Gas Pipeline bombing: We are closing in on perpetrators – JTF Commander. Vanguard. Retrieved from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/01/gas-pipeline- bombing-we-are-closing-in-on-perpetrators-jtf-commander/
[11]. Aminu, S. A. (2013). The Militancy in the Oil Rich Niger Delta: Failure of the Federal Government of Nigeria. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(11), 815-827.
[12]. Awojobi, O. N. (2014), “The Socio-economic Implications of Boko Haram Insurgency in the North-east Nigeria”, International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, 11 (11).
[13]. Baba, I. (2016). Analysis of Cause and Effect of Boko Haram Insurgency in North-East Nigeria. Journal of Faculty of Graduate Studies University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka .5, 59-72
[14]. Crisis Group Africa (2015). Curbing Violence in Nigeria (III): Revisiting the Niger Delta, Crisis Group Africa Report N°231, 29 September
[15]. Efeturi, L. D. (2016, June 10). Resolving Militancy in the Niger Delta. Premium Times. R Retrieved from http://opinion.premiumtimesng.com/2016/06/10/militancy-niger-delta-facts- fallacies/
[16]. Felbab-Brown, V. (2016, January 20). The state is hardly always just in suppressing militancy. Financial Nigeria Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.financialnigeria.com/the-state-is-hardly-always-just-in-suppressing-militancy-interview-31.html
[17]. Inchi, I. S. (1996). The Nigerian Law Dictionary, (1st edn) Zaria, Nigeria: Tamaza Publishing Company Limited
[18]. Muzan, O. A. (2014). Insurgency in Nigeria: Addressing the causes as part of the solution. African Human Rights Law Journal 12(1), 217-243
[19]. Mohammed M. (2012,March 7) Violence, Threat to Yobe’s Economic Growth, The Moment, p.4
[20]. Nweze, A. (2012) Diagnostic Overview of Insurgent and Group Terrorists Activisms in Nigeria:Psychological Dimensions, Expert and Eminent Persons Meeting Report 263-303
[21]. Olalekan, A. (2017, August 1) Cost of managing 2.4 million IDPs enormous, says Osinbajo. The Punch. Retrieved on 8th August, 2017 from http://punchng.com/cost-of-managing-2-4-million-idps-enormous-says-osinbajo/
[22]. Ovaga, O. (2013) Insecurity and Economic Development in 21st Century Nigeria: Nigeria Journal of Social Sciences, 9(1) 234-255
[23]. Saturday Sun, August 18 2016
[24]. Yakubu, M. J., Aiguobarueghian, O. V. & Orobator, A. D. (2016) Economic Terrorism in Nigeria: An Analysis of the Impact of Boko Haram Insurgency and Niger Delta Militancy on National Development, JORIND 14(2), 10-16.
[25]. Wikipedia (2017, August 31). Forced Displacement. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_displacement
[26]. World Bank and UNHCR, (2016) Regional Assessment of Forced Displacement by the Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Region. Washington, DC 20433, USA

Boris Happy Odalonu, Eberechukwu Faith Obani “The Impact of Militancy, Insurgency and Forced Displacement on Nigerian Economy” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.01-08 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/01-08.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: A Growing Concern for Less Developed Countries

Samuel B. Adewumi, Chinedu J. Ogbodo, Yakubu A. Aca, Ngozi B. Enebe – October 2018 Page No.: 09-17

This study examines fiscal policy and income inequality in Nigeria using data from 1981 to 2017. The variables of interest are income inequality (proxy by Gini coefficient), government social expenditure, government economic expenditure, real GDP, education (proxy by secondary school enrolment) and government tax. The result shows that income inequality Granger-causes government economic and social expenditure without a feedback, while education granger caused income inequality without a feedback. This means that government expenditure only respond to income inequality, while education causes a change in income gap. The impulse response function shows that shock in real GPD and education causes an upward trend in income inequality, while shock in government social and economic expenditure does not show any impact on income inequality. Also, government tax only shows an impact on income inequality in the first and second period, and its impact towards the other period are not so significant. We therefore conclude that fiscal policy through government expenditure has no significant impact on income redistribution in Nigeria, and the only fiscal variable that can achieve income redistribution is tax – which must also be used with cautions.

Page(s): 09-17                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 October 2018

 Samuel B. Adewumi

Department of Economics, University of Nsukka, Nigeria

 Chinedu J. Ogbodo

Department of Economics, University of Nsukka, Nigeria

 Yakubu A. Aca

Department of Accounting, A.B.U Zaria, Nigeria

 Ngozi B. Enebe

Department of Economics, University of Nsukka, Nigeria

[1]. Aigbokhan, B. (2000). Poverty, growth and inequality in Nigeria: A case study. [online] Available at: http://aercafrica.org/index.php/publications/view_document/112-poverty-growthand-inequality-in-nigeria-a-case-study [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016].
[2]. Akinyele, I. O. (2009). Ensuring food and nutrition security in rural Nigeria: an assessment of the challenges, information needs, and analytical capacity.
[3]. Anderson, K., Ivanic, M., & Martin, W. (2013). Food price spikes, price insulation, and poverty. The World Bank.
[4]. Antonczyk, D., DeLeire, T., Fitzenberger, B. (2010). “Polarization and Rising Wage Inequality: Comparing the U.S. and Germany”, IZA Discussion Paper No. 4842.
[5]. Atkinson, A. B. (1970). On the measurement of inequality. Journal of economic theory, 2(3), 244-263.
[6]. Awe, A.A. and Rufus, O.O. (2012) ‘Determinants of income distribution in the Nigeria economy: 1977-2005’, International Business and Management, 5(1), pp. 126–137.doi:10.3968/j.ibm.1923842820120501.1020.
[7]. Baumol, W. J. (1986). Productivity growth, convergence, and welfare: what the long-run data show. The American Economic Review, 1072-1085.
[8]. Bordignon, M., Manasse, P., &Tabellini, G. (2001). Optimal regional redistribution under asymmetric information. American Economic Review, 91(3), 709-723.
[9]. Brenner, R. (1976). Agrarian class structure and economic development in pre-industrial Europe. Past & present, 70(1), 30-75.
[10]. Casarosa, C. (1982). The new view of the Ricardian theory of distribution and economic growth. Blackwell.
[11]. Cattell, V. (2001). Poor people, poor places, and poor health: the mediating role of social networks and social capital. Social science & medicine, 52(10), 1501-1516.
[12]. Checchi, D. (2000). “Does Educational Achievement Help to Explain Income Inequality? UNU World Institute For Development Economic Research (UNU/WIDER) Working Papers No. 208.
[13]. Chude, N. P., &Chude, D. I. (2013). Impact of government expenditure on economic growth in Nigeria. International journal of business and management review, 1(4), 64-71.
[14]. Clark, J. B. (1899). The dynamic law of wages. na.
[15]. Collier, P. (2008). The bottom billion: Why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it. Oxford University Press, USA.
[16]. Godfray, H. C. J., Beddington, J. R., Crute, I. R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J. F., … & Toulmin, C. (2010). Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. science, 1185383.
[17]. Hall, P. A. (2001). Varieties of capitalism: The institutional foundations of comparative advantage. D. W. Soskice (Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[18]. Hallberg, K. (2000). A market-oriented strategy for small and medium scale enterprises. The World Bank.
[19]. Helliwell, J. F., & Huang, H. (2008). How’s your government? International evidence linking good government and well-being. British Journal of Political Science, 38(4), 595-619.
[20]. Hirschman, A. O., & Rothschild, M. (1973). The changing tolerance for income inequality in the course of economic development: With a mathematical appendix. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 87(4), 544-566.
[21]. Ibrahim, S. and Nuruddeen, T. (2014). An empirical study on the relationship between poverty, inequality and economic growth in Nigeria. Online), [online] 5(26). Available at: http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JEDS/article/download/17536/17896
[22]. Jones, O. (2012). Chavs: The demonization of the working class. Verso Books.
[23]. Kaldor, N. (1955). Alternative theories of distribution. The review of economic studies, 23(2), 83-100.
[24]. Kaplan, G. A., Pamuk, E. R., Lynch, J. W., Cohen, R. D., & Balfour, J. L. (1996). Inequality in income and mortality in the United States: analysis of mortality and potential pathways. Bmj, 312(7037), 999-1003.
[25]. Kayode, A., Arome, A., & Silas, A. (2014). The rising rate of unemployment in Nigeria: the socio-economic and political implications. Global Business
[26]. Kemmerling, A., &Bodenstein, T. (2006). Partisan politics in regional redistribution: do parties affect the distribution of EU structural funds across regions?. European Union Politics, 7(3), 373-392.
[27]. Keynes, J. M. (1936). The general theory of money, interest and employment. Reprinted in The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes, 7.
[28]. Klasen, K. (2009). “Inequality in Emerging Countries: Trends, Interpretations, and Implications for Development and Poverty Reduction”, Intereconomics, November/December 2009.
[29]. Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic growth and income inequality. The American economic review, 45(1), 1-28.
[30]. Lemieux, T. (2006). “Postsecondary Education and Increasing Wage Inequality”, American Economic Review 96(2), 195-199.
[31]. Machlup, F. (1939). Period analysis and multiplier theory. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 54(1_Part_1), 1-27.
[32]. Majone, G. (1997). From the positive to the regulatory state: causes and consequences of changes in the mode of governance. Journal of public policy, 17(2), 139-167.
[33]. Marmot, M. (2005). Social determinants of health inequalities. The lancet, 365(9464), 1099-1104.
[34]. Marmot, M., Friel, S., Bell, R., Houweling, T. A., Taylor, S., & Commission on Social Determinants of Health. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. The lancet, 372(9650), 1661-1669.
[35]. Marx, K. (1867). Das Kapital: kritik der politischenökonomie. Germany: Verlag von Otto Meisner, 1885, 1894.
[36]. Ohimain, E. I. (2010). Emerging bio-ethanol projects in Nigeria: Their opportunities and challenges. Energy Policy, 38(11), 7161-7168.
[37]. Patnaik, U. (1983). On the evolution of the class of agricultural labourers in India. Social Scientist, 3-24.
[38]. Peñalosa, C.G. (2010). “Income distribution, economic growth and European integration”, Journal of Economic Inequality 8, 277–292.
[39]. Radelet, S. (2010). Emerging Africa: How 17 countries are leading the way. Brookings Institution Press.
[40]. Reardon, S. F. (2011). The widening academic achievement gap between the rich and the poor: New evidence and possible explanations. Whither opportunity, 91-116.
[41]. Ross, M. L. (2003). Nigeria’s oil sector and the poor. Position Paper for DFID-Nigeria, UCLA, Los Angeles.
[42]. Sala-i-Martin, X. (2002). The disturbing” rise” of global income inequality (No. w8904). National Bureau of Economic Research.
[43]. Sala-i-Martin, X. (2006). The world distribution of income: falling poverty and… convergence, period. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(2), 351-397.
[44]. Staiger, R. W., &Tabellini, G. (1987). Discretionary trade policy and excessive protection. The American Economic Review, 823-837.
[45]. Stiglitz, J. E. (2002). Employment, social justice and societal well‐being. International Labour Review, 141(1‐2), 9-29.
[46]. Stiglitz, J. E. (2012). The price of inequality: How today’s divided society endangers our future. WW Norton & Company.
[47]. Toyin, A. G., Adigun, G. T., Timothy, A. T., Awoyemi, T. T., Funsho, F. E., &Fabiyi, E. F. (2015). Analysing Poverty Situation in Rural Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 1(4), 178-188.
[48]. Veenhoven, R. (2008). Sociological theories of subjective well-being. The science of subjective well-being, 9, 44-61.
[49]. Watts, M. J. (2013). Silent violence: Food, famine, and peasantry in northern Nigeria (Vol. 15). University of Georgia Press.
[50]. World Bank Group. (2017). World development indicators 2017. World Bank Publications.
[51]. Zack-Williams, A. B. (2013). Social consequences of structural adjustment. In Structural Adjustment (pp. 79-94). Routledge.
[52]. Zysman, J. (1984). Governments, markets, and growth: financial systems and the politics of industrial change (Vol. 15). Cornell University Press.

Samuel B. Adewumi, Chinedu J. Ogbodo, Yakubu A. Aca, Ngozi B. Enebe ” Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: A Growing Concern for Less Developed Countries” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.09-17 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/09-17.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Ethnicity in Africa: Euphemism for Political Pluralism
Yahaya Yakubu – October 2018 – Page No.: 18-23

Contrary to orthodox understanding which presupposes ethnicity as the bane of the instabilities that defines contemporary African. This study examines the existence of plausible properties of pluralism inherent in ethnic heterogeneity. Upon analyzing primary data using the online data analysis tool by Afrobarometer and reviewing relevant literature; the study argue the lacuna created by the in-existence of an organised and proficient civil society, resonates the reach of ethnicity in the region. Furthermore, it is of the opinion that ethnicity is not only existential; it constitutes the thorn of individual and group identity in contemporary African states. In its capacity, ethnicity remains of the most effective social mobility and collective action mechanism in contemporary Africa. The study concludes by arguing ethnicity as not problematic, rather it is problematized by ethnic entrepreneurs.

Page(s): 18-23                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 October 2018

 Yahaya Yakubu
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Dept. of Political Science & Int’l Relations, Nile University of Nigeria

[1]. Adeosun, A. B. (2011). Federal Character Principle and National Integration: A Critical Approach, International Journal of Politics and Good Governance, Vol. 8, pp. 1-13.
[2]. Ake, C. (1993). What is the Problem of Ethnicity in Africa? Transformation Journal, Vol. 22, pp. 1-14.
[3]. Barbero, M. (2002). The City: Fear and the Media, in G. Burgess and H. Burgess (eds). Beyond Intractability. Online, Retrieved from, http;//beyondintractability.org/bi-essay/meaning-intractability.com. Accessed, March 10, 2015.
[4]. Bergham, D. (2013). Problematizing the Political Theory of Identity Politics: Towards an Antagonistic Freedom, Kirtike, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 69-95.
[5]. Bert, K. (2014). Consensus and Action Mobilization, Wiley Online Library, Accessed August 26, 2018. http://doi.org/10:1002/9780470674871.wbespm48
[6]. Goldstone, J. A. (2014). More Social Movements or Fewer? Beyond Political Opportunities Structures to Relational Fields, Theory and Society, Vol. 33, pp. 335-365.
[7]. Hashmi, R. (2015). Politics of Ethnicity: A Theoretical Perspective, Research Journal of South Asian Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 319-331.
[8]. Jackson, R. (1974). Quasi-State: Sovereignty, International Relations and the Third World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[9]. Klandermans, P. G. (2014). Identity Politics and Politicized Identities: Identity Process and the Dynamics of Trust, Political Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 1-22.
[10]. Kagwanja, P. (2003). Globalizing Ethnicity, Localizing Citizenship: Globalization, Identity Politics in Kenya’s Tana River Region, African Development, Vol. 28, No. 1 & 2, pp. 112-152.
[11]. Kerlinger, F. N and Rint, N. (1986). Foundations of Behavioural Research, London: Winston Inc.
[12]. Kokole, O. (1996). Ethnic Conflict Versus Development in Africa: Causes and Remedies, In Luc Van De Goor, Kumar Rupesingle and Paul Scianone (eds), Between Development and Destruction: an Inquiry into the Causes of Ethnic Conflict in Post-Colonial Africa, Netherlands Institute of International Relations.
[13]. Nnabuihe, N. S, Aghemelo, A, and Okegbugwu, N. E. (2014). Ethnicity and Electoral Behaviour in Nigeria, European Scientific Journal, Vol. 2, pp. 154-178.
[14]. Nnoli, O. (1996). Ethnicity and Regional Balancing in Nigeria’s Federalism. In J. I. Elaigwu, R. A. Akindele (eds), Foundations of Nigeria’s Federalism: 1960-1995, Jos: Institute of Governance and Social Research.
[15]. Nnoli, O. (1995). Ethnicity and Development in Nigeria, Aldershot: Avebury Ashgate Publishing Limited.
[16]. Olayode, K. (2016). Beyond Intractability: Ethnic Identity and Political Conflict in Africa, International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 242-249.
[17]. Osaghae, E. E. (1991). A Re-examination of the Conception of Ethnicity in Africa as an Ideology of Inter-Elite Competition, African Study Monograph, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 43-60.
[18]. Samuel, C. U, Ukpere, W. I. (2012) Policy of the Federal Character Principle and Conflict Management in Nigeria’s Federalism, African Journal Of Business Management, Vol. 6, No. 23, pp. 6771-6780.
[19]. Simon, B. (1999). A Place in the World: Self and Social Categorization. In T. R. Tyler, R. N. Kramer and O. P. John (eds), The Psychology of Social Self, pp. 47-69, Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
[20]. Yakubu, Y. (2017). Ethnicity, Federal Character Principle and National Development in Nigeria: A Critical Evaluation, Journal of Nation Building and Policy Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1 & 2, pp. 7-23.

Yahaya Yakubu “Ethnicity in Africa: Euphemism for Political Pluralism” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.18-23 October 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/18-23.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Effects of Colonialism on State Fragility in Africa

Yahaya Yakubu – October 2018 Page No.: 24-29

This research interrogates the uneasy nature of relationship that defines cohesion and social interactions across underlying ethnicities in contemporary Nigeria. Upon review of relevant literature, and posits that while the underlying nations and ethnicities collectively fought colonial domination as a nation, they soon regressed to their pre-eminent ethnic identities. A manifestation of this fragile relationship is depicted in amongst other instances, the 1966 civil war, the Niger Delta Insurgency and the renewed demand for Biafran state as well as the dreaded Boko Haram Insurgency. To address the uneasy relationship between ethnicities in Nigeria, the study posits constitutional amendments in the areas of resource exploration, wealth redistribution, abolishment of centralized fiscal control and revenue allocation as it propagates fiscal autonomy for states and regions.

Page(s): 24-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 October 2018

 Yahaya Yakubu
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Dept. of Political Science & Int’l Relations, Nile University of Nigeria

[1]. Aja, A. A. (1998), Fundamentals of Modern Political Economy and International Economic Relations: Changing With Time, Owerri: Data Globe Nigeria.
[2]. Anifowese, R. (1999). State Society and Nation, Lagos: Malthouse Press Limited.
[3]. Ake, C. (1996). The Political Economy of Africa, Ibadan: Sunshine Press.
[4]. Belluci, B. (2010). The African State, Prospective of the World Review, Vol. No. 3, pp. 11-42.
[5]. Call, C. T. (2011). Beyond the Failed State: Towards Conceptual Alternatives, European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 17. No. 2, pp. 303-326.
[6]. Carment, D, Prest, S and Sawy, Y. (2010). Security Development and Fragile State: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice, London: Rutledge.
[7]. Cliffe, S and Maning N. (2008). Practical Approach to Building State Institutions, in C. T. Call, Wyeth, V (eds), Building States to Build Peace, Boulder Colo: Lynne Reimer, 163-184.
[8]. Crowder, M. (1964). Indirect Rule: French and British Style, African Journal of International African Institute, Vol. 34. No. 3, pp. 197-205.
[9]. Gauba, O. P. (2003). An Introduction to Political Theory, New Delhi: Macmillan Limited.
[10]. Hall, E. T. (1976). The Silent Language, New York: Random House Inc.
[11]. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s Consequences: International Difference in Work Related Value, London: Sage Publications.
[12]. Hyginus, B. O. (2001). Political Evolution and Constitutional Development in Nigeria, Enugu: Chinlin Business Links.
[13]. Joireman, S. F. (2004). War and State Formation: A Menonite Critique, Christian Scholars Review, Vol. 33. No. 2, pp. 181-996.
[14]. Kohli, A. (2009). State and Economic Development, Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 29. No. 2, pp. 212-227.
[15]. Miguel, A. C, Kohli, A and Yahsar, D. (2008). Unpacking States in the Developing World: Capacity, Performance and Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[16]. Neil, S. (1966). Colonialism and Christian Mission, London: International Haworth Press.
[17]. Nuhu, Y. (1998). Lectures on Colonialism, pp. 13-20.
[18]. Rodney, W. (1974). How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Washington DC: Howard University Press.
[19]. Robert, I. R. (2004). When States Fail: Causes and Consequences, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
[20]. Rotberg, R. (2002). Are all States Fragile States? Foreign Policy, No. 194, pp. 111-112.
[21]. Sheriff, G. I. (2014). African Politics: Pre-Colonial, Colonial to Post-Colonial Era, Abuja: OMEC Publishers.
[22]. William, E. (1966). Psychological Accompaniment, Journal of Social and Political Psychology, Vol. 3. No. 1, pp. 324-341.
[23]. Wunsch, J. S. (1990). The Failure of Centralized African States: Institutions and Self Governance in Africa, Boulder Colorado: Westview Press.

Yahaya Yakubu “Effects of Colonialism on State Fragility in Africa” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.24-29 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/24-29.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Teachers’ use of Cooperative Learning Strategy for Enhancing Academic Performance of Students with Cerebral Palsy in Special Secondary Schools for the Physically Disabled in Kenya

Molly Merrab Akinyi Ogalloh, Fransiscah Irangi Wamocho, Nelly Anne Otube – October 2018 Page No.: 30-38

The purpose of this study was to establish teachers’ use of cooperative learning strategy in achieving academic performance of students with cerebral palsy in selected special secondary schools for the physically disabled in Kenya. Performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Examination amongst learners with cerebral palsy in special secondary schools for the physically disabled in Kenya has remained poor compared to those in regular secondary schools. The major reason being the teaching approaches adopted by teachers which are dominated by teacher-centered approach. The study was based on constructivist theory that states that learners obtain knowledge through self-direction and interaction with their environment. The study adopted descriptive survey design and mixed methodologies in both data collection and data analysis. Observation check list, interview guides and questionnaires were used to identify how the teachers used cooperative learning instructional strategies for academic performance. Qualitative data was analyzed using thematic approach while Quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using statistical tools and presentation given in visual displays. The study revealed that majority of the teachers preferred cooperative learning because all students get involved in the lesson. Major recommendations made were that there was need of spacious classrooms to accommodate students with Cerebral Palsy. There is also need to train more teachers in special needs education to use cooperative learning for academic performance. Special institutions should also be well funded to enable the teachers get relevant resources for better academic performance of students with Cerebral Palsy.

Page(s): 30-38                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 October 2018

 Molly Merrab Akinyi Ogalloh
Department of Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya

 Fransiscah Irangi Wamocho
Department of Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya

 Nelly Anne Otube
Department of Special Needs Education, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya

[1]. Adunola, O. (2011). The impact of teachers teaching methods on academic performance of primary school pupils in Tiebu-ode Local cut Area of ogun state Ego Booster books, Ogun State Nigeria
[2]. Antil, L. R., Jenkins, J. R., Wayne, S. K. & Vadasy, P. F. (1998) ‘Cooperative learning: prevalence, conceptualizations, and the relation between research and practice’, American Educational Research Journal, 35 (3), 419– 454.Dugan, E., Kamps, D., Leonard, B.
[3]. Collins, J. W., & O’Brien, N. P. (Eds.). (2003).Greenwood Dictionary of Education Westport, CT: Greenwood.
[4]. [4] Desimone, L. M. (2009). Improving impact studies of teachers’ professional development: Towards better conceptualizations and measures. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.Retrieved from www.det.nsw.educ,au/…/desimone.pdf. on October 23rd, 2013.
[5]. Estebanez, R.(2016). An Approachment to Cooperative Learning in Higher Education: Comparative Study of Teaching Methods in Engineering; EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, 13(5):1331-1340
[6]. Fore,C,Riser,S.& Boon,R (2006). “Implications of cooperative learning and educational reform for students with mild disabilities.” Reading Improvement, Spring 2006, p. 3+. Academic OneFile, Accessed 28 Aug. 2018
[7]. Friend, M. (2008). Special Education: Contemporary Perspectives for School Professional (2nd ed.). Boston: Pearson Education Inc
[8]. Gall,M.D, Gall,P.J. & Borg,R.W.(2007) Educational Research: An Introduction, 8th Edition Pearson Education Inc
[9]. Goldhaber, D. & Anthony,E (2004)Teacher Quality and Student Achievement. (ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education.New York: Teachers College, Institute for Urban and Minority Education,
[10]. Hallahan,P.D.,Kauffman,J.M.& Pullen,C.P.(2012)Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special needs Education 12th Edition .Pearsons New York
[11]. Harris, C. J., Phillips, R. S. & Penuel, W. R. (2012). Examining Teachers’ Instructional Moves Aimed at Developing Students’ Ideas and Questions in Learner-Centered Science Classrooms. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 23(7), 769–788.
[12]. Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., & Holubec, E. J. (1993). Cooperation in the Classroom (6th ed.) Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company
[13]. Kelechi, L. (2014). Effect of Peer Tutoring And Cooperative Learning Instructional Strategies on Mathematics Achievement of Students With Learning Disabilities In Oyo State, Nigeria: African Journal for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues, 17 (1)
[14]. McMaster, K. & Fuchs, D. (2002). Effects of Cooperative Learning on the Academic Achievement of Students with Learning Disabilities: An Update of Tateyama-Sniezek’s Review: Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 17(2), 107–117
[15]. Mugenda,O.&Mugenda,A.(2009).Research methods:Quantitative and qualitative approaches.Act Press, Kenya.
[16]. Murphy, E., Grey, I. M. & Honan, R. (2015). Co‐operative learning for students with difficulties in learning: a description of models and guidelines for implementation. British Journal of Special Education, 32(3), 157-164.
[17]. Ndurumo,M.,M.(2013).Exceptional Children Developmental Consequences and Interventions Nairobi: Longman Kenya Limited.
[18]. Novak, I., McIntyre, S. (2013) The effect of Education withworkplace supports on practitioners’ evidence-basedpractice knowledge and implementation behaviours.Aust Occup Ther J 2010; 57: 386–93.
[19]. Obiero, N., A. (2009). Inclusion of Learners with Cerebral Palsy in Reading and Writing: A case study of teachers in two primary schools practicing inclusive education in Kenya. Unpublished Master thesis, University of Oslo: Norway.
[20]. Obinga, S., Kochung, E. J.& Otube, N. (2016). Strategies used by Learners with Cerebral Palsy to Acquire Literacy Skills in schools for the Physically Handicapped in Kenya: Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 7(5): 360-370
[21]. Obinga,S.A.O. & Kochung’, E.,J. (2011). Instructional Strategies in Teaching Literacy Skills to Learners with Cerebral Palsy: A Case Study for Special Classes in Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies. 2(5), 400-407.
[22]. Ogwel, A. & Kisangi, A. (2009). Enhancing teachers’ capacity through in-service
education and training: A reflection on projects for strengthening
mathematics and science education in Africa. Retrieved from
http:www.slideshare.net/JCAOg/enhancing-teacher-capacity-smase On
September 15th, 2013.School Experience. Retrieved from web on March 8th 2012. http://www.nfb.org/fr/fr9/fro3co14
[23]. Smith, P.,K.(2012) Cyber bullying;Challenges and opportunities for a [research program European Journal of Development Psychology.Vol 9 2012
[24]. Wairimu, A., K. (2015). Analysis of Predictors of Participation in Learning Among Learners with Cerebral Palsy in Special and Regular Schools in Thika Municipality, Kiambu County, Kenya. Unpublished Thesis. Viewed 3rd April 2017.

Molly Merrab Akinyi Ogalloh, Fransiscah Irangi Wamocho, Nelly Anne Otube “Teachers’ use of Cooperative Learning Strategy for Enhancing Academic Performance of Students with Cerebral Palsy in Special Secondary Schools for the Physically Disabled in Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.30-38 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/30-38.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Relevance of E-learning Teaching Activities (ELTA) to Achievement in Electricity Concepts by Technical College Students in Benue State, Nigeria: A Focus on Gender

J. O. Fatoki and S.E. Atamonokhai – October 2018 Page No.: 39-44

The study determined the relevance of e-leaning teaching activities to the achievement of technical college students in electricity in Benue State, Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 724 Part II Students in Education Zone B of the 2013/2014 academic session. This number is made up of 543 males and 181 females. Two research questions and two hypotheses were asked and formulated respectively. An Electricity Achievement Test (EAT) was used to collect data with two lessons plans of which one was for the experimental group and the other for the control group. Two research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using analysis of covariance. The results from the study revealed that male and female students exposed to the ELTA obtained greater mean achievement scores in electricity than those taught with lecture method. It also revealed that ELTA was more gender friendly with respect to achievement in electricity. The study recommended this approach to be adopted in schools and the training of teachers in the teaching of electricity and related topics in Physics.

Page(s): 39-44                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 October 2018

 J. O. Fatoki
PhD, College of Agricultural and Science Education, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

 S.E. Atamonokhai
PhD, College of Agricultural and Science Education, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

[1]. Achor, E.E. and Ukwuru, J .O. (2014). An Examination of the Facilitative Effect of the Computer Assisted Instruction (CAT) on Students’ Achievement in Chemical Reaction and Equilibrium. Department of Curriculum and Teaching, Benue State University, Makurdi Nigeria.Journal of Education. 4 (1)׃ 7-11.
[2]. Ada, N.A (2010). Curriculum and Instruction an introduction to general methods and principle of teaching,Makurdi.Aboki publisher; pg 80-100.
[3]. Akinyemi,O.A and Afolabi, F. (2009) Constructivitist Practices through Guided Discovery approach. The effect on students cognitive achievement in Nigeria Secondry Schools Physics. Bulgerian Journal of Sciences and Education Policy, Volume 3, Number 2.
[4]. Al-Khawaldah, S. (2007).The effectiveness of the modified learning cycle and concept mapping strategies on the first secondary scientific stream students’ achievement in Biology and in their acquisition of science process skills.Um Alqora Education 19(114)׃ 329-392.
[5]. Bednar, A.K., Cunningham, D., Duffy, T.M. & Perry, J.D. (1992). Theory into practice: how do we link? In T.M. Duffy & D.H. Jonassen, (Eds). Constructivism and the technology of instruction: a conversation. Hillsdale: Lawrence Eribaum Associates.
[6]. Benue State Examination Board (2013).Examination records for Technical Colleges in Benue State. Nigeria.
[7]. Effandi, Z. and Zanaton, I. (2006). Promoting cooperative learning in science and mathematics education: A Malaysian perspective. EurasiaJournal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 3(1)׃ 35-39.
[8]. Esiodu, G.O., (2005) Gender issues in science and technology education development In: Uwowi, U.M.O. (2009). NERDC Press, Lagos, pp: 137-156.
[9]. Fatoki, J.O. (2007). Misconception and Achievement, in physics among secondary school students’ African journal of indigenous development,Makurdi, Benue State.Pg 165-174.
[10]. Hulya,Y. and Pnaour, H.C.(2006).The effect of the e- learning cycle method on students understanding of electricity. Ege University, faculty of education department of primary education Bornova-Izmmir. PP 2-18.
[11]. Imoko, B.I. (2004). Effect of concept mapping on students’ achievement and interest in trigonometry .Sub-department of science education University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
[12]. International Bureau of Education, (IBE). 2000. The Chinese National Commission for Unesco. Problems, Issues And Dilemmas Final Report of The International Workshop On The Reform In The Teaching Of Science And Technology At Primary And Secondary Level In Asia: Comparative References To Europe Beijing, 27th –31st of March 2000.
[13]. Johassen, D.H. (1991). Objectivism versus constructivism: do we need a new philosophical paradigm? Educational Technology Research and Development, 39 (3), 5-14.
[14]. National business and technical examination board (2007) NABTEB Syllabuses for Miscellaneous Trades Examinations.[DVD].
[15]. National business and technical examination board (2010/2011).NABTEB Chief examiner report, through the Registrar.
[16]. Olubunmi, E.O. (2006). Science and technology Education, in Nigeria.The Euphoria, The frustration and the Hopes 21st Inaugural lecture, Lagos State University, Lagos, Faculty of Education.
[17]. Porter M. E.; Ketels C. and Delgado, M. (2007). The Microeconomic foundations of prosperity: Findings from the business competitiveness Index. The Global Competitiveness Report 2007–2008. The World Economic Forum.pp 2-6.
[18]. Safeer, R. S., Keenan, J. (2005). Health literacy: The gap between physicians and patients. American Family Physician, 72(3): 463-46
[19]. Sunday, A.A (2010) .The impart of information and communication technology (ICT) on teaching and learning of physics. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis꞉ University of Lagos, Lagos.Dept. of Technology.Pp 11-21.
[20]. Umunadi, K.E. (2009). A relational study of students’ academic achievement of television technology in technical colleges in Delta State of Nigeria.Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 46 (3)꞉ 113-131.
[21]. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,(UNESCO) 2010.Gender and education for all: the leap for equality. Global monitoring report. Retrieved on 12/11/2012 from http://www.unesco/oc.unesco.org/education/eta-port/2003pdf/c haptr3.pdf
[22]. Wieman, C.and Perkins, K. (2005). Transforming physics education.Physics Today, 58 (11)׃ 361.
[23]. Wombo, A.B.(2014) Effects of E-learning strategies on students’ achievement in agricultural Education in university in North Central Nigeria: Implication for teachers preparation University of agriculture Makurdi. Unpublished PhD work.
[24]. Zaka, P (2013). A case study of blended teaching and learning in a New Zealand Secondary School, using an ecological framework.Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning. 17(1)׃24-40.

J. O. Fatoki and S.E. Atamonokhai “Relevance of E-learning Teaching Activities (ELTA) to Achievement in Electricity Concepts by Technical College Students in Benue State, Nigeria: A Focus on Gender” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.39-44 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/39-44.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

An Examination of the Biblical Dialogue on Poverty and the Poor

Rev. Dr. Manya Wandefu Stephen – October 2018 Page No.: 45-48

Poverty and presentations of such situations have been differently and at times adversely exegeted; bringing into question the biblical hermeneutics that Christians the world over subscribe to. The many interpretations have brought out varied perception and attitudes within the Christendom. Christians and none Christians alike of different persuasions; including socialists, anthropologists, economists, psychologists and most of all theologians, have come up with several convictions to the question, ‘why poverty?’ However, one may wonder, what the bible and bible traditions have to say about poverty. This paper carefully examines the biblical dialogue on poverty. poverty – difficult to define. To me, these are just but different shades of expression of the same concept. They are but lines that people draw concerning wanting situations that the poor people find themselves in.

Page(s): 45-48                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 October 2018

 Rev. Dr. Manya Wandefu Stephen
Alupe University College, Kenya

[1]. Myers, B. L. (2011). Walking With the Poor: Principles and Practices of Transfoemational Development. MaryKnoll, New York: ORBIS Books
[2]. Myers, B., L. (1999). Working with the poor: New insight s and learning from development practitioners. Monrovia: World Vision
[3]. Moss, J., T. (2011).African Development: Making sense of the issues and actors. Boulder, Colombia: Lynne Rienner Publishers
[4]. Moyo, D. (2009). Dead aid: Why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
[5]. Sider, R., J. Oslon, P., N. Unruh, H., R. (2002). Churches that make a difference: Reaching your community with good news and good works. Grand Rapids: Baker Books.
[6]. Sachs, J. (2005). The end of poverty.Economic possibilities of our time.New York: Penguine
[7]. Samuel, C. &Sugden, C. [eds] (1999). The church in response to human needs. Eugene: Wipf and Stoc publishers
[8]. Sine, T. (2008).The new conspirators: Creating the future one mastered seed at a time. Illinois: Intervarsity press
[9]. Castells, M. (2009).The power of identity [2nded]. West Sussex: Wiley Blakwell

Rev. Dr. Manya Wandefu Stephen “An Examination of the Biblical Dialogue on Poverty and the Poor” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.45-48 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/45-48.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Macro-Economic Determinants of Kenya’s Trade Balance

Joseph Mutana, Chepng’eno Winrose, Ernest Saina – October 2018 Page No.: 49-55

Balance of Trade is an important component of any economy’s growth and development. Since independence, Kenya has been struggling with balance of trade deficit in its current account. Given limited empirical evidence of the cause of such deficits, this paper undertook to investigate macro-economic determinants of trade balance. The paper applied Vector Error Correction Model on a 54-year period data (1963-2016). We find that terms of trade, trade liberalization and FDI have a significant and positive long-run relationship with trade balance. Similar results are observed for the case of Gross Domestic Product. Furthermore, we find a negative and a significant long-run relationship between real exchange rate and trade balance. The study recommended the need for the government to employ strategies that could stabilise exchange rate. It also recommended that Kenyan government should create conducive climate for investment, and stable macroeconomic factors to enhance trade balance.

Page(s): 49-55                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 October 2018

 Joseph Mutana
School of Economics, Moi University, Eldoret Kenya

 Chepng’eno Winrose
School of Economics, Moi University, Eldoret Kenya

 Ernest Saina
School of Economics, Moi University, Eldoret Kenya

[1]. Ahmed, A., Cheng, E., and Messinis, G. (2011). The Role of Exports, FDI and Imports development; Evidence from Sub-Saharan african countries. Applied Economics, 2(1),23-53.
[2]. Alexander, S. S. (1952). Effects of a Devaluation on a Trade Balance. Staff Papers, 2(2) , 263-278.
[3]. Backus, D. K., and Smith, G. W. (1993). Consumption and real exchange rates in dynamic economies with non-traded goods. Journal of International Economics, 35(4), 297-316.
[4]. Bagnai, A. (2006). Structural breaks and the twin deficits hypothesis. International Economics and Economic Policy, 1(3) 137-155.
[5]. Baharumshah, A. (2001). The Effect of Exchange Rate on Bilateral Trade: New Evidence from Malysia and Thailand. Asian Economic Journal, 15(3), 291-312.
[6]. Bahmani-Oskooee, M., and Alsie, J. (1994). Short-run verse Long-run effects of Devaluation: Error-correction Modelling and Cointegration. Eastern Economic Journal, 20(4), 453-464.
[7]. Bahmani-Oskooee, M., and Brooks, T. J. (1999). Bilateral J-curve between US and her trading partners. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 135(1)), 156-165.
[8]. Basri, M. C., and Hill, H. (2011). Indonesian growth dynamics. Asian Economic Policy Review,6(1)), 90-107.
[9]. Bigsten, A., Collier, P., Dercon, S., Fafchamps, M., Gauthier, B., G., and Söderbom, M. (2000). Exports and firm-level efficiency in African manufacturing. University of Oxford, Institute of Economics and Statistics, Centre for the Study, 41.
[10]. Bolo, A., and Nkirote, K. (2012). Bottlenecks in the Execution of Keenya Vision 2030 Strategy: An Empirical Study. Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management, 2(3), 505-512.
[11]. Cang, S., and Seteeram, N. (2012). Time Series Analysis. In Larry Dwyer, Alison Gill and Neelu Cooperation. 19-21.
[12]. Dornbusch, R. (1980). Open Economy Macroeconomics. New York: Basic Books
[13]. Edwards, S. (1997). Trade Liberalisation Reforms and the World Bank. American Economic Review, 87(2): 43-48.
[14]. Duasa, J. (2007). Determinants of Malaysian Trade Balance: An ARDL Bound Testing Approach. Global Economic Review, 1(2), 50-81
[15]. Frenkel, J. A. (1976). A monetary approach to the exchange rate: doctrinal aspects and empirical evidence. the scandinavian Journal of economics, 3(4), 200-224.
[16]. Hsieh, D. (1982). The detrmination of the Real Exchange Rate: The Productivity Journal. Journal of International Economics, 12(4), 355-362.
[17]. Robinson, C.Jaffry, S. A., and Pascoe, S.(1999). Long run price flexibilities for high valued UK fish species: a cointegration systems approach. Applied Economics, 31(4), 473-481.
[18]. Jha, R. (2003). Macroeconomics for Developing Countries. 2nd edition, New York, USA: Routledge, 57-61.
[19]. Johansen, S. (1988). Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors. Journal of economic dynamics and control, , 2(1) 231-254.
[20]. Johnson, H. G. (1975). The Monetary Approach to Balance‐of‐Payments Theory: a diagrammatic
[21]. Mabior, A. (2014). The Determinants of Balance of Payment perfomance in Kenya. Doctoral Dessertation, University of Nairobi, 23-29.
[22]. Mankiw, N. (2003). Macroeconomics (5th Ed) New York. Worth Publishers
[23]. Mann, C. (2002). Perspectives on the US Current Account Deficit and Sustainability. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 3(2), 30-67
[24]. Marchetti, j. A., Ruta, M., and Teh, R. (2012). Trade imbalances and Multilateral Trade.
[25]. Mehare, A., and Edriss, A. K. (2012). Evaluation of Effect of Exchange Rate Variability on Export of Ethiopia’s Agricultural Product. Case of Oilseeds. Evaluation,, 3(11).
[26]. McCombie, J., and Thirlwall, A. (2016). Economic Growth and the Balance of Payments Constraints. Springer.
[27]. Metzler, L. (1950). A Multiple Region Theory of Income and Trade, Econometrica. Journal of Econometric Society, 329-354.
[28]. Ogutu. (2014). Effects of the Real Exchange Rate on the Trade Balance in Kenya. (Unpublished Master Thesis): International Institute of Social Studies
[29]. ms of trade shocks and the balance of trade: there is a Harberger-Laursen-Metzler effect. Journal of International Money and Finance(22(2)), 155-184.
[30]. Pan, J. P., and Chen, Y. (2008). China’s balance of emissions embodied in trade: approaches to measurement and allocating international responsibility. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 354-376.
[31]. Parikh, A. (2002). Impact of Liberalization, Economic Growth and Trade policies on Current Accounts of Developing Countries, An Econometric Study. World Institute for Development Economics Research, Discussion Paper No.2002/63.
[32]. Parikh, A., and Stirbu, C. (2004). Relationship between trade liberalisation, economic growth and trade balance: An econometric investigation.
[33]. Santos-Paulino, A., and Thilrwall, A.P. (2002). The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Export Growth, Import Growth, the Balance of Trade and the Balance of Payments of Developing Countries. Working Paper, University of Kent at Canterbury.
[34]. Posner, M. (1961). International Trade and Technical Change. Oxford Ec onomic Papers, 323-341.
[35]. Rodrick, D. (1998). Trade Policy and Economic Perfomance in Sub-saharan Africa. National Bureau of Economic Research, 6562.
[36]. Santos‐Paulino, A., and Thirlwall, A. P. (2004). The impact of trade liberalisation on exports, imports and the balance of payments of developing countries. The Economic Journal, 114(493).
[37]. Shao, Z. (2009). Exchange Rate Changes and Trade Balance: An Empirical Study of the case of Japan. (Unpublished Thesis): Singapore Management University
[38]. Tsen, W. H. (2006). Is there a long-run relationship between trade balance and terms of trade? The case of Malaysia. Applied Economics Letters,13(5), 307-311.
[39]. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development(UNCTAD). (2015). World Investment Report: Reforming International Investment Governance. Geneva: United Nations
[40]. Valenzuela, E., and Anderson, K. (2008). Alternative agricultural price distortions for CGE analysis of developing countries, 2004 and 1980-84. Research Memorandum, 13.
[41]. Wai-mum, H., Yuen-ling, N., and Geoi-Mei, T. (2008). Real Exchange Rate and Trade Balance Relationship: An Empirical Study on Malysia. 23-27.
[42]. Xing, Y. (2012). Processing trade, exchange rates and China’s bilateral trade balances. Journal of Asian Economics, 23(5), 540-547.

Joseph Mutana, Chepng’eno Winrose, Ernest Saina “Macro-Economic Determinants of Kenya’s Trade Balance ” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.49-55 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/49-55.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Effects of Using New Media ‘Good News from Indonesia’ on Nationalism in Indonesia

Gunawan Wibisono, Ahmad Zuber, Bagus Haryono – October 2018 Page No.: 56-62

New media development has penetrated almost all lines of human life. Technology has become a part of everyday life. One of the most obvious is the use of new media. Various types of life necessities such as communication tools, access to information, shopping and means of transportation are very easy to use through new media. In addition, new media can also be a platform to spread good news that can generate positive enthusiasm. One of them is a Good News From Indonesia (GNFI). This study aims to prove the effect of the use of new media on the GNFI website on the behavior of nationalism in Indonesia. This type of research is quantitative with a multiple linear regression approach. The sample of this study is 270 respondents who use the site. Based on the t test, the results show that t count > t table, then H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted with a t value of 3,594 > 1,285. Based on the regression coefficient, it shows that nationalism behavior is influenced by the use of the website for 100%, while the remaining 89,7% is influenced by other variables.

Page(s): 56-62                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 October 2018

 Gunawan Wibisono
Master in Sociology Program, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

 Ahmad Zuber
Department of Sociology, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

 Bagus Haryono
Department of Sociology, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

[1]. Anderson, Benedict R. O’G.,(1986). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
[2]. Bagdakian, B.H., (2004). The New Media Monopoly, Beacon Press: Boston.
[3]. Bride, Mac.,(1995). The Internet, McGraw-Hill : New York.
[4]. Creeber, G. and Martin, R., (ed).,(2009). Digital Cultures: Understanding New Media, Berkshire-England: Open University Press.
[5]. Fortunati, Leopoldina; Katz, James E., &Riccini, Raimonda.,(2003). Mediating the Human Body: Technology, Communication, and Fashion. New Jersey: Lawrence Elrbaum.
[6]. Gunduz, Ugur. and Erdem, Kaya Bucu.,(2017). The Concept of Virtual Nationalism in The Digital Age: Social Media Perspectives of Turkey, Communication Today Vol.8 No.2.
[7]. Haddon, Leslie.,(2004). Information and Communication Technologies in. Everyday Life: A Concise Introduction and Research Guide. Oxford: Berg.
[8]. Horrigan, John B.,(2002). New Internet Users: What They Do Online, What They Don’t, and Implications for the ‘Net’s Future.
[9]. Hutchinson, John and Smith, Anthony D (ed).,(2000). Nationalism: Critical Concepts in Political Science, Routledge : London.
[10]. Kasesniemi, Eija-Liisa.,(2003).Mobile Messages: Young People and a New Communication Culture. Tampere: Tampere University Press.
[11]. Katz, James E.,(2006).Mobile Communication and the Transformation of Daily Life: The Next Phase of Research on Mobiles, Knowledge, Technology, & Policy, 19 (1)
[12]. Ling, Rich.,(2004).The Mobile Connection: The Cell Phone’s Impact on Society. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann.
[13]. Kopomaa, Timo.,(2000). The City in your Pocket: Birth of the Mobile Information Society. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.
[14]. Levy, Pierre., (2001). Cyberculture Electronic Mediations, V. 4, Minneapolis, Minn: London university of Minnesota Press.
[15]. Lievrouw, L.A.,(2011). Alternative and Activist New Media. Cambridge: Polity Press.
[16]. Lievrouw, L.A. and Sonia Livistone., (2006). The Handbook of New Media, SAGE Publications : London.
[17]. Lister. M. et al.,(2009). New Media: a Critical Introduction, Routledge : London.
[18]. Lopes, Rohr Amandha.,(2014). The Impact of Social Media on Social Movements: The New Opportunity and Mobilizing Structure, Creighton University.
[19]. McQuail, Dennis. 2009. Mass Communication Theory, Stage Publication : London.
[20]. Nyíri, Kristof (ed).,(2003). Mobile Communication: Essays on Cognition and Community. Vienna: Passagen Verlag.
[21]. Rheingold, Howard.,(2002). Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge: Perseus.
[22]. Shafer, Boyd C.,(1955). Nationalism Myth and Reality, New York: A Harvest Book Harcourt.
[23]. Sugiyono.,(2010). Metode Peneitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D, Alfabeta : Bandung.
[24]. Van Dijk, Jan.,(2006). The Network Society: Social Aspect of New Media Second Edition. Sage Publication : London.
[25]. Zarella, Dan.,(2010). The Social Media Marketing Book, O’Reilly Media, Canada.

Gunawan Wibisono, Ahmad Zuber, Bagus Haryono “Effects of Using New Media ‘Good News from Indonesia’ on Nationalism in Indonesia” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.56-62 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/56-62.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Diverse Mass Media as Teaching Resources in Culturally Diverse English Classrooms (CDEC)

Phirriyalatha Vijayan, Dr Carol Murphy – October 2018 Page No.: 63-77

The usage of mass media in CDEC is hypothesized to be effective strategy in educating diverse students. It additionally the current paper discusses the utilization of media in CDEC on teaching and learning process. A quasi experimental study design was used in this intervention study. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were applied in order to achieve the study objectives. The total sample consists of one hundred and twenty-six from different social background of 22 countries were recruited in this study. Findings showed that mass media usage in English class and English proficiency were significantly associated with students’ perceptions of using diverse mass media in Culturally Diverse English Classrooms (CDEC). The newly developed lesson plan was found beneficial in increasing the motivation and engagement of students in English teaching and learning. In conclusion, the study suggested that diverse mass media exploitation in Teaching and learning to boost the basic skills of diverse cultural students English acknowledged as global language.

Page(s): 63-77                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 October 2018

 Phirriyalatha Vijayan
PhD, School of Education, University of Tasmania, Australia

 Dr Carol Murphy
School of Education, University of Tasmania, Australia

[1]. Akbari, O., & Razavi, A. (2016). Using authentic materials in the foreign language classrooms: Teachers’ perspectives in EFL classes. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 5(2), 105-116.
[2]. Alvermann, D. E., Moon, J. S., Hagwood, M. C., & Hagood, M. C. (2018). Popular culture in the classroom: Teaching and researching critical media literacy. Routledge.
[3]. Baker, N. (1996). Using the TV news in the EFL classroom. Zielsprache, 26(2): 30-33.
[4]. Barreto, A. M. R. (2018). Motivating English Language Use by using the Benefits of Technology. GiST Education and Learning Research Journal, (16), 117-140.
[5]. Baumann, T., Harfst, S., Swanger, A., Saganski, G., Alwerfalli, D., & Cell, A. (2014). Developing competency-based, industry-driven manufacturing education in the USA: Bringing together industry, government and education sectors. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 119, 30-39.
[6]. Beeland, W. D. (2002, July). Student engagement, visual learning and technology: Can interactive whiteboards help. In Annual Conference of the Association of Information Technology for Teaching Education.
[7]. Bell, A. (1991). The Language of News Media. Language in Society, 16. Oxford: Blackwell.
[8]. Bennett, T. (2001). Differing diversities: transversal study on the theme of cultural policy and cultural diversity. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
[9]. Berber, S. A. (1997). Proficiency and comprehension of television news in a foreign language, 13(2): 177-190.
[10]. Biagi S (2006), An Introduction to Mass Media, 8th Edition. Media Impact Paperback
[11]. Bolton & B. B. Kachru (Eds.) (2006), World Englishes: Critical concepts in linguistics. London and New York: Routledge. 3 (241-269).
[12]. Brett K, Geoffrey N & Hinrich S (1997), Languages in the Wired World. In The Politics of Language and the Building of Modern Nations. Institut d’Etudes Politiques, Paris, May. http://www.parc.xerox.com/istl/members/nunberg/WebPaper.html
[13]. Byram, M., Gribkova, B., & Starkey, H. (2002). Developing the intercultural dimension in language teaching. A practical introduction for teachers. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
[14]. Chen, C. M., & Huang, S. H. (2014). Web‐based reading annotation system with an attention‐based self‐regulated learning mechanism for promoting reading performance. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(5), 959-980.
[15]. Cooper, R. (1996). Comprehending the Genre of the Television News Report. TESOL Matters 6(5), 10.
[16]. Delaney, K. (2015). Challenging Islamophobia in the Middle School Classroom: Using Critical Media Literacy to Teach Human Rights. In Bringing Human Rights Education to US Classrooms (pp. 87-105). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
[17]. Dewey, J. (2009). Democracy and education: An introduction to the philosophy of education. New York: WLC Books. (Original work published 1916)
[18]. Dudeney G., Hockly N. (2008), How to teach English with technology / G. Dudeney, N. Hockly // Pearson Education Limited: Edinburg Gate, Harlow – P. 8–9.
[19]. Gips, A., Di Mattia, P., & Gips, J 2004, ‘The effect of assistive technology on educational costs: Two case studies’, in K. Miesenberger, J. Klaus, W. Zagler, D. Burger (eds.), Computers Helping People with Special Needs, Springer. pp. 20-213.
[20]. Greenfield, P. M. (2014). Mind and media: The effects of television, video games, and computers. Psychology Press.
[21]. Hachfeld, A., Hahn, A., Kunter, M., Schroeder, S. and Anders, Y. (2015). Should teachers be colorblind? How multicultural and egalitarian beliefs differentially relate to aspects of teachers’ professional competence for teaching in diverse classrooms. Teaching and Teacher Education 48, 44-55.
[22]. Hassan, M. I. A., & Kommers, P. (2018). A Review on Effect of Social Media on Education in Sudan. International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning, 3(1), 30-34.
[23]. Herrera, S. G., Murry, K. G., & Cabral, R. M. (2013). Assessment accommodations for classroom teachers of culturally and linguistically diverse students. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
[24]. Islam, K. A. (2015). Exploring Teacher Readiness for Incorporating ICT in Secondary Level English Classes of Bangladesh: A Case Study (Doctoral dissertation, BRAC University).
[25]. Joiner, E. G. (1990). Choosing and using videotext. Foreign Language Annals, 23, 53-64.
[26]. Kim, T. Y. (2011). Korean elementary school students’ English learning demotivation: A comparative survey study. Asia Pacific Education Review, 12(1), 1-11.
[27]. Krstev, C., & Trtovac, A. (2014). Teaching Multimedia Documents to LIS Students. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 40(2), 152-162.
[28]. Lancouchova.B. (2006) Using Magazine and Newspaper in ELT with Interpersonal and Intrapersonal types of students. Masaryk University Fakulty of Education.
[29]. Lopez, A. E. (2011). Culturally relevant pedagogy and critical literacy in diverse English classrooms: A case study of a secondary English teacher’s activism and agency. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 10(4), 75-93.
[30]. Lowenthal, P., & Wilson, B. G. (2010). Labels do matter! A critique of AECT’s redefinition of the field. TechTrends, 54(1), 38-46.
[31]. Lytra, V. (2011). Negotiating language, culture and pupil agency in complementary school classrooms, Linguistics and Education, 22, 23–36.
[32]. Martin, K. (2010). Student attitudes and the teaching and learning of race, culture, and politics. Teaching and Teacher Education 26 (3), 530-539.
[33]. Nomass, B. B. (2013). The impact of using technology in teaching English as a second language. English Language and Literature Studies, 3(1), 111-116.
[34]. Peters J.D. (2008) “Mass Media,” in Critical Terms in Media Studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
[35]. Ramdhani, M. A., & Muhammadiyah, H. (2015). The Criteria of Learning Media Selection for Character Education in Higher Education.
[36]. Selwyn, N. (2016). Is technology good for education?. John Wiley & Sons.
[37]. Semali, L. (2018). Intermediality: Teachers’ Handbook Of Critical Media Literacy. Routledge.
[38]. Sleeter, C. E. (2011). An agenda to strengthen culturally responsive pedagogy. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 10(2), 7-23.
[39]. Tafani, V. (2009). Teaching Englısh through mass media. Acta Didactica Napocensia, 2(1): 81-96.
[40]. Tapscott, D., Williams, A.D., (2008). Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything. Atlantic Books, London, UK.
[41]. Tapscott, D., Williams, A.D., (2010). Innovating the 21st century university: it’s time. Educause Rev. 45 (1), 17–29.
[42]. Thompson, P., (2013). The digital natives as learners: technology use patterns and approaches to learning. Computer Education, 65 (1), 12–33.
[43]. Toven-Lindsey, B., Rhoads, R. A., & Lozano, J. B. (2015). Virtually unlimited classrooms: Pedagogical practices in massive open online courses. The internet and higher education, 24, 1-12.
[44]. Tyner, K. (2014). Literacy in a digital world: Teaching and learning in the age of information. Routledge.
[45]. William L.R & Wilbur S. (1969). The Responsibility in Mass Communication. Harper & Row Publishers, New York.

Phirriyalatha Vijayan, Dr Carol Murphy “Diverse Mass Media as Teaching Resources in Culturally Diverse English Classrooms (CDEC)” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.63-77 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/63-77.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

An Analysis of the Philosophical Nexus of Educational Theory and Praxis

Elvis Omondi Kauka – October 2018 Page No.: 78-82

This Paper sought to examine selected Philosophical antecedents of Educational Theory and Praxis. Philosophical Analysis Method (PAM) was used to attempt precise answers to three specific questions: First, What are the Philosophical antecedents of Normative, Cognitive, Creative and Dialogical aims of Education? Secondly, Are there any Metaphysical, Axiological, Epistemological and Logical and basis for curriculum content? Lastly, Can teaching methods be elucidated Philosophically? Key inferences ascertain that indeed there is a way in which we can consider education as a philosophical activity given that Education and Philosophy are closely related activities. The symbiotic relationship between Philosophy and Education is such that Education derives its form from Philosophy’s branches of Metaphysics, Epistemology, Logic and Axiology while Philosophy receives its matter from Educational Praxis.

Page(s): 78-82                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 October 2018

 Elvis Omondi Kauka
School of Education, University of Kabianga-Kenya

[1]. Akinpelu, J. A. (1988). An Introduction to Philosophy of Education. London: Macmillan Publishers.
[2]. Barrow, R. & Woods, R. (1997). An Introduction to Philosophy of Education (3 ed.). London: Routledge.
[3]. Cronin, B. (2005). Foundations of Philosophy: Lonergan’s Cognition Theory and Epistemology. Nairobi: Consolata Institute of Philosophy.
[4]. Jacquette, D. (2002). Ontology. Bucks: Acumen Publishers.
[5]. Kiruhi, M. G. (2009). Methods of Instructions: A guide for Teachers and Teacher Educators. Ongata Rongai: Gugno Books & Allied.
[6]. Mattei, L. (1994). Introduction to Philosophy. Nairobi: Consolata Institute of Philosophy.
[7]. Mondin, B. (2016). Philosophical anthropology. Bangalore: Theological publications in India.
[8]. Njoroge, J. R. (1986). Philosophy and Education in Africa. Nairobi: Transafrica Press.
[9]. Ochieng -Odhiambo, F. (2009). Foundations of Philosophy. Nairobi: Consolata Institute of Philosophy.
[10]. Odhiambo, F. O. (2009). A Companion to Philosophy. Nairobi: Consolata Institute of Philosophy.
[11]. Ozmon, A.Horward and Craver, M.Samuell. (1995). Philosophical Foundations of Education. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Halll.
[12]. Ozmon, H. A. & Craver, S. M. (1995). Philosophical Foundations of Education. London: Meriil.
[13]. Phenix, P. (1961). Philosophy of Education. New York: Holt, Rinhart & Winston.
[14]. Popkin, H.Richard & Stroll, Avrum. (1996). Philosophy? London: Elsevier Ltd.
[15]. Redden, J. D. (1942). A Catholic Philosophy of Education. Milwauke: Bruce Pub. Co.
[16]. Sifuna, D. (2006). Themes in The Study of The Foundations of Education. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundations.

Elvis Omondi Kauka “An Analysis of the Philosophical Nexus of Educational Theory and Praxis” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.78-82 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/78-82.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Inflows of Foreign Direct Investment in Selected Sectors and Economic Growth in Nigeria

Ekine, Data Irene, Nnadi, Emmanuel Uchenna – October 2018 Page No.: 83-87

This study examined the inflows of foreign direct investment in selected sectors and economic growth in Nigeria from 1980-2015. The objectives of the study were to examine the impact of foreign direct investment in both manufacturing and telecommunication sectors on economic growth in Nigeria. A growth model was estimated via the co-integrated and ECM techniques to establish the relationship between the inflow of FDI in manufacturing and telecommunication sectors and economic growth (GDP). The variables were tested for stationarity via the ADF unit root test and found to be stationary. Also, the co-integration carried out using the Johansen co-integration technique showed that the FDI in both manufacturing and telecommunication sectors have a long run relationship with economic growth in Nigeria. The long run regression results depicted by the ECM reveal that there is a positive and significant relationship between foreign direct investment in telecommunication sector and economic growth. Also, foreign direct investment in manufacturing sector and economic growth were positively related. Thus, it was concluded that continuous inflow of foreign direct in manufacturing and telecommunication sectors has the tendency to induced Nigeria economic growth. Based on the findings, the study recommended the need for consistency in government policies directed specifically towards improving the business environment to attract foreign investors which will in turn impact positively on economic growth.

Page(s): 83-87                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 October 2018

 Ekine, Data Irene
Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 Nnadi, Emmanuel Uchenna
Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

[1]. Bengos, M. &Sanchez-Robles, B. (2003). Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Freedom and Growth: New Evidence from Latin America. European Journal of Political Economy, 19(3), 529–45.
[2]. Central Bank of Nigeria (2013). Financial Reports and Statistics.
[3]. Central Bank of Nigeria (2015). Statistical Bulletin Various Issues.
[4]. Cookey, A.E, Otto, G. & Adeneye, A. (2014). Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria. West African Journal of Business and Management Sciences, Faculty of Business Administration, Imo State University, Owerri. Nigeria Edition 3(3)
[5]. Fasaya, I. O. (2012). Capital Flows- Growth Nexus in Nigeria: Has Foreign Direct Investment Played A Role in Accelerating Economic Growth? Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 14 (8), 34 – 54.
[6]. Gbosi, A.N., (2005). Fundamental of International Economics and Finance. 2nd ed. Abakaliki: Pack Publisher, 165-182.
[7]. Johansen, S. (1998). Statistical Analysis and Cointegrating Vectors. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 12(2-3), 231-254.
[8]. Lawrence, E.I & Mohammed, I. (2014). The Nature of Foreign Direct Investment and Its Impact on Sustainable Economic Growth in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Development Studies,2(1), 201-232
[9]. Louzi , B. M. & Abadi, A. (2011). The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth in Jordan.IJRRAS 8 (2), 253 – 258.
[10]. Obayori, J.B. (2014). Real Sector Performance and Selected Macroeconomic Aggregates in Nigeria. Unpublished M.Sc.Thesis Submitted to School of Graduate Studies University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
[11]. Obayori, J.B, Obayori, E.L., Inimino, E.E & Tubotamuno, B. (2016). Sectoral Inflow of Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Co-integration Analysis. International Journal of Current Research. 8(3), 27806-27811
[12]. Okon, U. O., Augustine, O. J. & Chuku, A. C (2012).Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Analysis of the Endogenous Effects. Current Research Journal of Economic Theory 4(3), 53-66
[13]. Olokoyo, F.O. (2012). Foreign direct investment and economic growth: a case of Nigeria. Bvimsr’s Journal of Management Research, 4(1), April 2012
[14]. Ray, S. (2013).Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth in India: A Cointegration Analysis, Advances in information Technology and Management (AITM), 2(1),187–201.
[15]. Saibu, O. & Keke, N. A. (2014). Real Output Effects of Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria. Journal of Behavioural Economics, Finance, Entrepreneurship, Accounting and Transport, 2 (1), 1-7. DOI: 10.12691/jbe-2-1-1
[16]. Summers, L. H. (2000), Taxation and corporate investment: A q-Theory Approach. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, 67-127.

Ekine, Data Irene, Nnadi, Emmanuel Uchenna “Inflows of Foreign Direct Investment in Selected Sectors and Economic Growth in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.83-87 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/83-87.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

External Capital Inflows and Telecommunication Sector in Nigeria

EWUBARE, Dennis Brown, UDOH, Friday Okon – October 2018 Page No.: 88-92

The study examined the impact of external capital inflows on telecommunication sector in Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to examine the impact of, foreign portfolio investment, trade openness and foreign direct investment on telecommunication output. Thus, to achieve the stated objectives, data from the CBN statistical bulletin was collected and the econometric method of co-integration and Error Correction Mechanism were used to analyse the data. The ADF unit test result showedthat the variables; foreign portfolio investment, trade openness, foreign direct investment and telecommunication output were stationary at first difference. Also, the Johansen co-integration result showed that there exist two co-integrating equations among the variables. The ECM results showed a percentage increase in FDI will cause an increase in telecommunication output by 1.01905%. Also, a percentage increase in foreign portfolio investment will increase telecommunication output by 0.966238%. The coefficient of trade openness showed that a percentage increase in trade openness will increase telecommunication output by 0.629302%. The study asserts that foreign direct investment, trade openness and foreign portfolio investment are vital to the inflow of external capital in the telecommunication sector. Thus, it is recommended that government must create a conductive business environment by improving its infrastructural facilities assuring security of life and property and maintains policy consistency in order to boost investment in the country.

Page(s): 88-92                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 October 2018

 EWUBARE, Dennis Brown
Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 UDOH, Friday Okon
Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

[1]. Adegbemi O.O.B., Sheriffdeen, A.T.& Adenike, M. O. (2012). Investment in Telecommunications Infrastructure and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Multivariate Approach. British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade2(4): 309-326.
[2]. Adegboye, A. C., Ogbebor, O. A., &Egharvba, M. I. (2014). External Capital Flows and Economic Growth in Nigeria. JORDIN 12(2). www.transcampus.org/journals
[3]. Alleman, J., Hunt, C., Michaels, D., Mueller, M., Rappoport, P., & Taylor, L. (1997). Telecommunications and Economic Development: Empirical Evidence from Southern Africa. Technical Report presented at International Telecommunications Society Sydney Retrieved Feb 23 2008 from http://www.colorado.edu/engineering /alleman /print_ files/soafrica_ paper.pdf.
[4]. Asiedu, E. (2003). Foreign Direct Investment to Africa: The Role of Government Policy, Governance and Political Instability. University of Kansas Working Paper.
[5]. Baghebo, M. &Apere, T.O. (2014) Foreign Portfolio Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria (1986-2011). International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(1), 1-11.
[6]. BengosM,&Sanchez-Robles,B. (2003).ForeignDirectInvestment,Economicfreedom and Growth:NewevidencefromLatinAmerica.EuropeanJournalofPoliticalEconomy. 19(3), 529–545.
[7]. Chimobi, O.P. & Igwe, O.L. (2010).Budget Deficit, Money Supply and Inflation in Nigeria. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences. 19(5), 52-60.
[8]. Ezeayenji, C.I, & Ifebi, O.L. (2016). Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Sectoral Performance in the Nigerian Economy: A Study of Telecommunications Sector. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE) 3(2), 57-75
[9]. Hameed, A. (2008). External Debt and its Impact on Economic and Business Growth in Pakistan, International Research Journal of Finance and Economics. 1(20), 132-140.
[10]. Johansen, S. (1998). Statistical Analysis and Cointegrating Vectors. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 12(2-3), 231-254.
[11]. Nayyra, Z., Fu, Q. & Muhammad, S. (2014).Telecommunication Infrastructure and Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan: An Empirical Study. Global Journal of Management and Business Research: B Economics and Commerce. 14(4).
[12]. Summers, L. H. (2000), Taxation and corporate investment: A q-Theory Approach. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, 67-127.
[13]. Udensi, E.U. (2015). The Impacts of Multinational Corporation to the Nigerian Economy. International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 3(2); 107-115
[14]. World Bank., (2010). World Development Indicators. World Bank, Washington D. C.

EWUBARE, Dennis Brown, UDOH, Friday Okon “External Capital Inflows and Telecommunication Sector in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.88-92 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/88-92.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Review analysis on Agricultural Sector in Pakistan

Anam Javaid, Shahbaz Nawaz – October 2018 Page No.: 93-94

Agriculture plays an important role in economy of Pakistan as Pakistan is an agricultural country so it is important to utilize all the agricultural resources in a good way to achieve more benefits from it. The current study focused on the work that has been done in literature regarding agriculture. So the techniques that has been used by previous researchers can be analyzed in agriculturel area for Pakistan. also the future policies recommended by researchers can be seen from it

Page(s): 93-94                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 October 2018

 Anam Javaid
Lecturer, Department of Statistics, The Women University Multan, Pakistan

 Shahbaz Nawaz
Visiting Lecturer, (M. Phil Statistics) Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan

[1] Ahmad, Z., Khan, S. M., Abd_Allah, E. F., Alqarawi, A. A., & Hashem, A. (2016). Weed species composition and distribution pattern in the maize crop under the influence of edaphic factors and farming practices: A case study from Mardan, Pakistan. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 23(6), 741–748. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.07.001
[2] Ahmed, M., Fayyaz-Ul-Hassan, & Van Ogtrop, F. F. (2014). Can models help to forecast rainwater dynamics for rainfed ecosystem? Weather and Climate Extremes, 5(1), 48–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2014.07.001
[3] Ahmed, U. I., Ying, L., Bashir, M. K., Abid, M., & Zulfiqar, F. (2017). Status and determinants of small farming households’ food security and role of market access in enhancing food security in rural Pakistan. PLoS ONE, 12(10), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185466
[4] Asghar, S., Sasaki, N., Jourdain, D., & Tsusaka, T. W. (2018). Levels of technical, allocative, and groundwater use efficiency and the factors affecting the allocative efficiency of wheat farmers in Pakistan. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051619
[5] Aslam, H., Liu, J., Mazher, A., Mojo, D., Muhammad, I., & Fu, C. (2018). Willingness to Pay for Improved Water Services in Mining Regions of Developing Economies: Case Study of a Coal Mining Project in Thar Coalfield, Pakistan. Water, 10(4), 481. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040481
[6] Baloch, M. A., & Thapa, G. B. (2018). The effect of agricultural extension services: Date farmers’ case in Balochistan, Pakistan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 17(3), 282–289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2016.05.007
[7] Fayyaz, A., Lund-Thomsen, P., & Lindgreen, A. (2017). Industrial Clusters and CSR in Developing Countries: The Role of International Donor Funding. Journal of Business Ethics, 146(3), 619–637. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-015-2940-6
[8] Hussain, S., Anwar-ul-Haq, M., Hussain, S., Akram, Z., Afzal, M., & Shabbir, I. (2017). Best suited timing schedule of inorganic NPK fertilizers and its effect on qualitative and quantitative attributes of spring sown sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 16(1), 66–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2015.02.004
[9] Khan, S. U., Faisal, M. A., Ul Haq, Z., Fahad, S., Ali, G., Khan, A. A., & Khan, I. (2018). Supply response of rice using time series data: Lessons from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2018.03.001
[10] Pracha, A. S., & Volk, T. A. (2011). An edible energy return on investment (EEROI) analysis of wheat and rice in Pakistan. Sustainability, 3(12), 2358–2391. https://doi.org/10.3390/su3122358
[11] Sultana, S. R., Ali, A., Ahmad, A., Mubeen, M., Zia-Ul-Haq, M., Ahmad, S., … Jaafar, H. Z. E. (2014). Normalized Difference Vegetation Index as a Tool for Wheat Yield Estimation: A Case Study from Faisalabad, Pakistan. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/725326
[12] Tang, L., Sun, D., & Pan, J. (2017). Application of Evaporative Cooling Ventilation technology to Turbine House of one power plant in Pakistan. Procedia Engineering, 205, 902–907. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.10.105

Anam Javaid, Shahbaz Nawaz “Review analysis on Agricultural Sector in Pakistan” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.93-94 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/93-94.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The Role of the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) in the Prosecution of Smuggling Offences in Nigeria

Musa Omale – October 2018 Page No.: 95-104

This paper generally examines the crime of smuggling in Nigeria with particular emphasis on the role of the principal agency in-charge of the administration and combating of the crime. It examines the nature of smuggling offences under the Customs and Excise Management Act (CEMA), and found that the role of the NCS in this regard and as stipulated in the CEMA cannot be overemphasized. Under the guise of collaboration, other agencies engage in this statutory role of the NCS, which ought not to be. To this end the institutional frame work for combating smuggling is analysed culminating in the discussion on prosecution of offenders under CEMA. The appropriate sanctions for offenders is put in focus anchoring on the need for this to act as deterrent, so as to reduce smuggling to its barest minimum.

Page(s): 95-104                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 October 2018

 Musa Omale
Ph.D UNN; Deputy Comptroller, Nigeria Customs Service, Federal Operations Unit zone ‘C’ Owerri Imo State, Nigeria

[1]. Catherine sources, Angus, Stevenson (eds) concise oxford English Dictionary (11th Edn. New York, Oxford University Press, 2004) p. 204. See also Encarta encyclopedia 2004, which sees smuggling as carrying goods into a country secretly because they are illegal or in order to avoid paying duty on them
[2]. K. Olugbesan, smuggling, the crime, the law (Stevman law publications, Lagos 1993) P.68
[3]. O.B.C Nwolise ” smuggling as International Economic Terrorism” a commissioned paper presented at the Nigerian customs service seminar, held at Ladi Kwali conference centre, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Abuja, 15th to 19th Dec., 1997
[4]. Sections 46, 47,63 and 64 CEMA
[5]. No 45 of 1992, now in cap. N100 LFN, 2004 herein after “NCSB” Act”
[6]. M. Omale, Nigeria customs services, law and practice (Cinnamon Press, International, Shomolu, Lagos, 2000)
[7]. Sections 1 (1), 1 and 3 respectively. Section 3 of the NCS bill 2012 now provided for the establishment of a body to be referred to as “the customs service”
[8]. SOG Ango: The role of Nigeria customs service in the realization of vision 2010 (spectrum books limited 1998) p.3.
[9]. See Nigeria customs service, monthly order Nos. 1-5 (January – May, 1996), p.4
[10]. First published in 1958, then as cap. 84 LFN 1990 and presently in C.45 LFN, 2004
[11]. SOG Ango op. cit p.16
[12]. B.H Mohammed, “Introductory address by the director, department of customs and excise, on the occassion of the opening of the customs and excise seminar, November 16, 1989 in Report of senior officers seminar for 1989, (Abuja, Dept. of customs and excise, 1989). P.5
[13]. See also section 251 (1) (c) constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999
[14]. 2006 WRN I .
[15]. Section 176 (3) of CEMA. Section 260 (3) of the 2016 NCS Bill has however removed the limitation of time for criminal prosecution
[16]. Sections 19, 43, 46, 47, 50, 51, 53, 54 63, 64, 162 are all instances of breaches of the CEMA that can attract punishment accordingly.
[17]. Op.cit
[18]. Op.cit
[19]. (1897) A.C 22
[20]. Now cap 123 LNF 2004
[21]. (1944) K.B. 146
[22]. Per Aniagolu JSC in Trenco (Nig) Ltd V. Africa Real Estate Ltd (1
[23]. Cap c. 20 LFN. 2004
[24]. (1956 57) I E RIR
[25]. Sections 46 and 47 of CEMA is reproduced in section 239 of the Nigeria Customs Service bill 2012 but the word smuggling is specifically used, the punishment prescribed is that if the goods are chargeable with duty, excise tax or other tax, to imprisonment for a term of the three years and to a fine of six times the true value of revenue lost and forfeiture of the item smuggled.
[26]. Customs, Excise and preventive service (management)Act, 1993
[27]. Rupees is the India national currency
[28]. New Zealand customs and Excise Act, 1996
[29]. (1891) IQB AT 167
[30]. This is an importing document containing among other things the proper description of the goods.
[31]. The German customs in this case made a seizure of 20 tons of Indian hemp concealed behind the compartment of a container accommodating the metal scrap, the container was aboard the then Nigerian national shipping line (NNSL) refer to in K-Olugbasan, op.cit. p8
[32]. Sunday Times, February, 17, 1980 cited in K Olugbesan op.cit., p.12
[33]. The section defines economic and financial crimes to mean: non-violent criminal and illicit activity committed with the objective of earning wealth illegally either individually or in a group or organized manner thereby violating existing legislation governing economic activities of government and its administration and includes any form of fraud, narcotic drug-trafficking, money laundering embezzlement, bribery, looting and any form of corrupt malpractices, illegal arms deal, smuggling, human trafficking and child labour, illegal oil bunkering and illegal mining, tax evasion, foreign exchange malpractice including counterfeiting currency, theft of intellectual property and piracy, open market abuse, dumping of toxic wastes and probibited goods etc.
[34]. N. Ribadu, “Implication of Economic and Financial crimes on the National Economy”. Paper presented to the Defence Adviser in conference at Abuja on the September 10, 2004 (unpublished).
[35]. Forgery as dealt with in sections 362 – 380 of the PC and 463 – 489 of the cc prescribes on the average for imprisonment ranging from 7 – 14 years.
[36]. M. Omale, Trans-National Crimes (TNC) in Nigeria: focus on smuggling LPR Vol.9, (2016) p. 43
[37]. See section 10 criminal procedure Act cap c.42 LFN, 2004 compare with section 8 of CEMA
[38]. Cap. c. 45, LFN, 2004
[39]. Smuggling: A threat to national security, being a paper presented by Elder J. G. Buba, former Comptroller-General of customs at the 2006 security watch lecture held on Tuesday and Wednesday, May 30th -31st at Ladi Kwali Hall, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Abuja
[40]. Punch Newspaper, Friday, February, 2009, Tell Magazine, February 23, 2009, p.15
[41]. Vanguard Newspaper, Wednesday, 10 September, 2008, p.2
[42]. Deadly cargo, Daily sun Newspaper, Wednesday, October, 27 2010, p.6
[43]. Via a letter Ref: NCS/INV/083/017/ ABJ/HQ of February , 23, 2017 from the Comptroller General Customs, addressed to the National Security Adviser
[44]. Cap. p19, LFN, 2004
[45]. An international lecture delivered by the inspector General of Police represented by the AIG Zone 2 Head quarters Lagos, Azubuko J. Udah Esq, Npm, mni at the Nigerian Swedish chamber of commerce
[46]. Ibid
[47]. Ibid
[48]. W.O. Nwaucha; “Immigration Nigerian Experience “ (Opinion Research and communications Ltd, Owerri, Imo Stat, 2007
[49]. Ibid
[50]. Section 6(1) EFCC (Establishment Act 2004)
[51]. This is often referred to as the co-ordinating role of EFCC.
[52]. John Funsho Olorunfemi, “unbundling or merger of Nigerian EFCC with ICPC”, which way?, UBLJ (2003) vol. 14 No. 1, pp 68-90.
[53]. See FRN v. Osahon (2006) WRN 1: Decree 14 of 1979
[54]. Legal seat is a unit within the enforcement section of the NCS
[55]. See FRN v. Osahon (2006) WRN 1: Decree 14 of 1979
[56]. Legal seat is a unit within the enforcement section of the NCS
[57]. See FRN v. Osahon (2006) WRN 1: Decree 14 of 1979 Legal seat is a unit within the enforcement section of the NCS
[58]. English Customs and Excise Management Act, 1979, customs and Excise Act cap 472 Laws of Kenya, Revised edition 2000 (1996)
[59]. J. F. Olorunfemi, , “When smuggling may attract death sentences in Nigeria” (2009) Vil J. vol 5 No. 1 p.120

Musa Omale “The Role of the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) in the Prosecution of Smuggling Offences in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.95-104 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/95-104.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

School Factors Influencing Secondary Student Dropouts in Nyamira County, Kenya

Jane Kemunto Nyabuti – October 2018 Page No.: 105-109

The study was on the factors that make students to drop out of secondary schools in Nyamira District. The factors were researched under three categories: School-related, socio-economic and political factors. Simple random sampling was used select 14 schools that had participated in KCSE since 2006. A total of 56 class teachers, 14 head teachers and 280 form 3 students were purposively selected giving a total population of 350 respondents.Triangulation technique was used which included Questionnaires for teachers and students, interviews with school principals and observation of school setting and of important document. However, 45 (80.3%) of teachers’ and 273 (97.5%) of students’ Questionnaires were returned. It was found out that majority of the student blamed their schools for being responsible for their dropping out, yet there were other factors. It was therefore concluded that dropping out of school must be viewed as a multi causal problem. The major recommendation was that schools should improve their facilities and learning environment.

Page(s): 105-109                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 October 2018

 Jane Kemunto Nyabuti
Department of Educational Administration, Curriculum and Teaching, School of Education University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, PO BOX 2500, ELDORET, Kenya.

[1]. Republic of Kenya (2010) Secondary School Sector as a Component towards the Realization of Kenya Vision 2030.
[2]. Andiwo, O. (2002). Review Ed 22nd ucation budget, State urged. Daily Nation Newspaper, March 22nd 2002).
[3]. Njeru, E.H.N & Orodho,A. J. (2003).Access and participation in secondary school education in Kenya: Emerging issues
[4]. United Nations Children’s Fund (2000). Defining Quality Education: New York: UNICEF and policy options.
[5]. Sitton, P. M. (Daily nation Newspaper, September 29th, 2001). Honoring our Commitments, Convention On Children’s Right not a reality.
[6]. Mugenda, O. M., Mugenda, A. L. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative and Qualitative approaches. Nairobi, Acts Press
[7]. Keriga, L. (2009). Social Policy, Development and Governance in Kenya: An Evaluation and Profile of Education in Kenya: Development Policy Management Forum (DPMF)
[8]. Tanner, K. C. &Lackney, J. A.(2006). Educational Facilities Planning: Leadership, Architecture, and Management. Pearson Education, Inc. USA.
[9]. The Third Annual Progress Report (2003-2006): Ministry of Planning and National Development
[10]. Muganda, C. (2002). Poor diet to be blamed for student unrest. Daily Nation Newspaper, April 29th 2002.
[11]. Ministry of Education.(2010).Manual: Child Friendly Schools. UNICEF, Kenya.
[12]. Kiruhi, et. al. (2009) Methods of instruction: A guide for teachers and Teacher Education. Nairobi, Kijabe
[13]. Okeno, J. O. (2011). The Influence of School Infrastructure on Students’ Performance Achievement in Public Secondary Schools in Rachuonyo North District, Nyanza Province, Kenya: M.ED Thesis, University of Nairobi.
[14]. Kubania, J. (2014, April 19). Sorry state of infrastructure in Kenya’s primary schools. The Standard Newspaper
[15]. Muganda, C. (2002). “Why bullying thrives in schools. Daily Nation Newspaper, August 21st 2002.
[16]. Wanjawa, E. (2018). (NairobianPg 30, July 20-26, 2018). To Wear Uniform or not? That is the Question
[17]. Ngware, M. W., Onsomu, E. N., and Muthaka, D. I. (2007). Financing secondary education in Kenya: Cost reduction and financing options: Education Policy Analysis Archives, 15(24).
[18]. Orodho, J. A. (2014).Policies on free primary and secondary education in East Africa: Are Kenya and Tanzania on course to attain Education For All (EFA) by 2015?
[19]. Shishoka, A. (2002). “It is time to Estimate force repetition.” Daily Nation Newspaper, April 29th 2002.
[20]. Makabila S., Ayodo H, and Ringa M.(2006). Putting out School Fires. The Standard Newspaper Nairobi: Standard Group.
[21]. Wlodkowski,. R. J. & Maslow (1982). Motivation and Teaching; A Practical guide. Washington D.C. National Education
[22]. Reid, K. (2002). Truancy and school Absenteeism: Great Britain for Hodder and Soughton Educational Division.
[23]. Ntaranqwi, M. (2003). The Challenges of Education and Development in Post-colonial Kenya: African Development: Council for the development of Social sciences Research in Africa.
[24]. Murithi, W. E. (2010). Challenges Principals face in enhancing student discipline in secondary schools in Tigania district, Kenya: Unpublished Thesis, Chuka University.
[25]. Mbithi, D.M. (2007). Foundations of School Administration: Revised Edition Oxford University Press, Nairobi, Kenya.
[26]. Mwiria, K. (2004) Unqualified School Managers are the Major Cause of Crisis. Daily Nation, Nairobi Nation Media Group.
[27]. Lunenburg, F. C. & Ornstein, A. C. (2012). Educational administration: Concepts and practices (6thed.). Wadsworth.

Jane Kemunto Nyabuti “School Factors Influencing Secondary Student Dropouts in Nyamira County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.105-109 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/105-109.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The Study of Depression and Loneliness among Elderly Women

Nurun Saadah S., Lukman Z.M., Syafiq M.S., Zulaikha M.Z., Bukhari W.M.Y., M.Y. Kamal – October 2018 Page No.: 110-113

Depression and loneliness among elderly women who live in the home care institution have become a world phenomenon in developed countries. These mental health diseases are most common factors that lead to the deficiency of daily routine activities such as socializing and many more. However, in third world countries or developing countries, depression and loneliness are being studied differently and no legit findings of the relationship between these two variables. Hence, this research is to identify the relationship between depression and loneliness among elderly women in-home care institution. Method of this research used quantitatively. The respondent in the institution is 180 people. This research used University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale (UCLA LS) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). This research used the Pearson Correlation Coefficient to identify the relationship between depression and loneliness. The result showed the relationship between depression and loneliness among elderly women in an institution is r=0.828 and it is significance in p>0.003. As a conclusion, the depression and loneliness among elderly women in the home care institution is significance and it brings to the new dimension of knowledge and practicality about these mental health diseases especially in third and developing countries.

Page(s): 110-113                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 29 October 2018

 Nurun Saadah S.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu, Malaysia

 Lukman Z.M.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu, Malaysia

 Syafiq M.S.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu, Malaysia

 Zulaikha M.Z.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu, Malaysia

 Bukhari W.M.Y.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu, Malaysia

 M.Y. Kamal
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu, Malaysia

[1]. Armitage, P. (2015). Why Blogging Is More Important Than Ever. Act-On.
[2]. Beverly, E. A., Fitzgerald, S., Sitnikov, L., Ganda, O. P., Caballero, A. E., & Weinger, K. (2013). Do older adults aged 60-75 years benefit from diabetes behavioral interventions? Diabetes Care, 36(6), 1501–1506.
[3]. Bharathi G. Sridevi K.B.Kumar, P. (2015). Psychosocial Issues and Widowhood. X INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH, (10), 2249–555.
[4]. Bouaziz W, Vogel T, Schmitt E, Kaltenbach G, Geny B, & Lang PO. (2016). Challenges to Successful Aging: Recommendation and New Trends in the Field of Aging and Physical Activity. Austin Sports Medicine, 1(2), 1009.
[5]. Cacioppo, J. T., & Cacioppo, S. (2014). Older adults reporting social isolation or loneliness show poorer cognitive function 4 years later. Evidence-Based Nursing.
[6]. Christiansen, J., Larsen, F. B., & Lasgaard, M. (2016). Do stress, health behavior, and sleep mediate the association between loneliness and adverse health conditions among older people? Social Science and Medicine, 152, 80–86.
[7]. Domenech-Abella, J., Lara, E., Rubio-Valera, M., Olaya, B., Moneta, M. V, Rico-Uribe, L. A., … Haro, J. M. (2017). Loneliness and depression in the elderly: the role of social network. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52(4), 381–390.
[8]. Dowlati, Y., Herrmann, N., Swardfager, W., Liu, H., Sham, L., Reim, E. K., & Lanctôt, K. L. (2010). A Meta-Analysis of Cytokines in Major Depression. Biological Psychiatry, 67(5), 446–457.
[9]. Goossens, L., van Roekel, E., Verhagen, M., Cacioppo, J. T., Cacioppo, S., Maes, M., & Boomsma, D. I. (2015). The Genetics of Loneliness: Linking Evolutionary Theory to Genome-Wide Genetics, Epigenetics, and Social Science. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(2), 213–226.
[10]. Harada, S., Nishiwaki, Y., Michikawa, T., Kikuchi, Y., Iwasawa, S., Nakano, M., … Takebayashi, T. (2008). Gender difference in the relationships between vision and hearing impairments and negative well-being. Preventive Medicine, 47(4), 433–437.
[11]. Jonason, P. K., & Krause, L. (2013). The emotional deficits associated with the Dark Triad traits: Cognitive empathy, affective empathy, and alexithymia. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(5), 532–537.
[12]. Kamal, M. Y., & Lukman, Z. M. (2017). The Influence of Talent Management Practices on Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(7), 859–864.
[13]. Moriki, Y. (2011). Co-Residence Among Bangkok Elderly: Implications of Children’s Marital Status. Marriage and Family Review, 47(8), 529–547.
[14]. Ong, A. D., Uchino, B. N., & Wethington, E. (2016). Loneliness and Health in Older Adults: A Mini-Review and Synthesis. Gerontology.
[15]. Singh, B., & Kiran, U. V. (2013). Loneliness among elderly women. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online, 2(2), 2319–7722.
[16]. Wan Mohd Azam, W. M. Y., Din, N. C., Ahmad, M., Ghazali, S. E., Ibrahim, N., Said, Z., … Maniam, T. (2013). Loneliness and depression among the elderly in an agricultural settlement: Mediating effects of social support. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 5(SUPPL. 1), 134–139.
[17]. Zuberi, D. (2011). Contracting out hospital support jobs: The effects of poverty wages, excessive workload, and job insecurity on work and family life. American Behavioral Scientist, 55(7), 920–940.
[18]. Cuijpers, P., van Straten, A., Schuurmans, J., van Oppen, P., Hollon, S. D., & Andersson, G. (2010). Psychotherapy for chronic major depression and dysthymia: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review.
[19]. Curtis, R. C. (2012). Looking back on loneliness and longing. Loneliness and Longing: Conscious and Unconscious Aspects.
[20]. Cvecka, J., Tirpakova, V., Sedliak, M., Kern, H., Mayr, W., & Hamar, D. (2015). Physical activity in elderly. European Journal of Translational Myology, 25(4), 249.
[21]. Cyranowski, J. M., Schott, L. L., Kravitz, H. M., Brown, C., Thurston, R. C., Joffe, H., … Bromberger, J. T. (2012). Psychosocial features associated with lifetime comorbidity of major depression and anxiety disorders among a community sample of mid-life women: The SWAN mental health study. Depression and Anxiety, 29(12), 1050–1057.
[22]. da Silva-Gama, Z. A., & Gómez-Conesa, A. (2008). Factores de riesgo de caídas en ancianos : revisión sistemática Risk factors for falls in the elderly : Rev Saúde Pública, 42(5), 946–956.
[23]. Dahlberg, L., Andersson, L., McKee, K. J., & Lennartsson, C. (2015). Predictors of loneliness among older women and men in Sweden: A national longitudinal study. Aging & Mental Health, 19(5), 409–417.
[24]. Dattilio, F. M., & Hanna, M. A. (2012). Collaboration in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(2), 146–158.
[25]. Daudt, H. M. L., Van Mossel, C., & Scott, S. J. (2013). Enhancing the scoping study methodology: A large, inter-professional team’s experience with Arksey and O’Malley’s framework. BMC Medical Research Methodology.
[26]. Davis, S. R., Panjari, M., & Stanczyk, F. Z. (2011). DHEA replacement for postmenopausal women. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
[27]. Davison, S. N., & Jhangri, G. S. (2013). The relationship between spirituality, psychosocial adjustment to illness, and health-related quality of life in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45(2), 170–178.
[28]. De Aguiar, Z., Azeredo, S., Alcina, M., Afonso, N., & Zaida De Aguiar, C. (2016). Loneliness from the perspective of the elderly. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia, 19(2), 313–324.
[29]. De Jaegher, H., Di Paolo, E., & Gallagher, S. (2010). Can social interaction constitute social cognition? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(10), 441–447.
[30]. de Jong-Gierveld, J., van Tilburg, T., & Dykstra, P. a. (2006). Loneliness and Social Isolation. Cambridge Handbook of Personal Relationships, 485–500.
[31]. de Jong Gierveld, J., & Tesch-Römer, C. (2012). Loneliness in old age in Eastern and Western European societies: Theoretical perspectives. European Journal of Ageing. 2012 Oct 13;9(4):285-295

Nurun Saadah S., Lukman Z.M., Syafiq M.S., Zulaikha M.Z., Bukhari W.M.Y., M.Y. Kamal “The Study of Depression and Loneliness among Elderly Women” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.110-113 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/110-113.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Aggressive Behaviors and Depression: What are the linked? A Case Study among Drug Abuser

Syafiq M.S, Lukman Z.M., Nurun Saadah S. – October 2018 Page No.: 114-119

Research about depression and aggressive behavior always in hot debate. Among drug abuser, the connection is still controversial. Hence, it is important to study the relationship between depression and aggressive behavior as well as the most contributing factor of aggressive behavior caused by depression. This is a quantitative method in which using a survey to complete the study. Data were collected from 200 drug abusers in east coast prison in Malaysia. As a result, the connection between depression and aggressive behavior was high and the most contributing factor was physical aggression. Hence, it is crucial to the prison to take a proactive action to cure the mental health illness or drug abuser.

Page(s): 114-119                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 October 2018

 Syafiq M.S
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu Malaysia.

 Lukman Z.M.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu Malaysia.

 Nurun Saadah S.
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300 Terengganu Malaysia.

[1]. Winstock, A. R. et al. Mephedrone, new kid for the chop? Addiction (2011).
[2]. Jones, H. M. & Pilowsky, L. S. Dopamine, and antipsychotic drug action revisited. British Journal of Psychiatry (2002).
[3]. Nen, S., Ibrahim, F., Zakaria, E., Mohamed Sani, M. N. & Saim, N. J. Drug addicts under observation in Malaysia : Towards a comprehensive. J. Psikol. Malaysia (2017).
[4]. Lessenger, J. E. & Feinberg, S. D. Abuse of Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications. J. Am. Board Fam. Med. (2008).
[5]. Eaddy, J. L. Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications. in Principles of Addiction (2013).
[6]. Patel, V., Flisher, A. J., Hetrick, S. & McGorry, P. Mental health of young people: a global public-health challenge. Lancet (2007).
[7]. Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B. & Ludwig, D. S. Childhood obesity: Public-health crisis, common sense cure. in Lancet (2002).
[8]. Wong, S. S., Zhou, B., Goebert, D. & Hishinuma, E. S. The risk of adolescent suicide across patterns of drug use: A nationally representative study of high school students in the United States from 1999 to 2009. Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol. (2013).
[9]. McWhirter, P. T. Enhancing Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Engagement. J. Psychoactive Drugs (2008).
[10]. Plüddemann, A., Myers, B. J. & Parry, C. D. H. Surge in treatment admissions related to methamphetamine use in Cape Town, South Africa: Implications for public health. Drug Alcohol Rev. (2008).
[11]. Kamal, M. & Lukman, Z. the Relationship Between Developing Talent Towards Performance Management and Job Satisfaction in Selected Public. Eprajournals.Com 2–7 (2017).
[12]. Pompili, M. et al. Substance abuse and suicide risk among adolescents. Eur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. (2012).
[13]. Khasakhala, L. I., Ndetei, D. M. & Mathai, M. Suicidal behavior among youths associated with psychopathology in both parents and youths attending an outpatient psychiatric clinic in Kenya. Ann. Gen. Psychiatry (2013).
[14]. Kaufman, J. H. & Schunn, C. D. Students’ perceptions about peer assessment for writing: Their origin and impact on revision work. Instructional Science (2011).
[15]. Ten Cate, O. & Durning, S. Peer teaching in medical education: Twelve reasons to move from theory to practice. Med. Teach. (2007).
[16]. Gunderson, E. A., Ramirez, G., Levine, S. C. & Beilock, S. L. The Role of Parents and Teachers in the Development of Gender-Related Math Attitudes. Sex Roles (2012).
[17]. Torelli, C. J. & Shavitt, S. Culture and Concepts of Power. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. (2010).
[18]. Liu, H. C. et al. Self-harm and its association with internet addiction and internet exposure to suicidal thought in adolescents. J. Formos. Med. Assoc. (2017).
[19]. Loffredo, C. A. et al. Substance use by egyptian youth: Current patterns and potential avenues for prevention. Subst. Use Misuse (2015).
[20]. However, the limitations of these studies are that all of them identified the possible incidence of youth involvement with licit and illicit drugs, Mohamed, M. N., Marican, S., Elias, N. & Don, Y. The pattern of Substance and Drug Misuse Among Youth in Malaysia. J. Antidadah Malaysia (2008).
[21]. Arokiasamy, C. M. V. & Taricone, P. F. Drug rehabilitation in west Malaysia: An overview of its history and development. Subst. Use Misuse (1992).
[22]. Bhowmik, D., Kumar, K. P. S., Srivastava, S., Paswan, S. & Dutta, A. S. Depression – Symptoms, Causes, Medications and Therapies. “The Pharma Innov. J.1, 32–45 (2012).
[23]. Hoertnagl, C. M. & Hofer, A. Social cognition in serious mental illness. Current Opinion in Psychiatry27, 197–202 (2014).
[24]. Seligman, M. E. P., Schulman, P. & Tryon, A. M. Group prevention of depression and anxiety symptoms. Behav. Res. Ther.45, 1111–1126 (2007).
[25]. Hare, D. L., Toukhsati, S. R., Johansson, P. & Jaarsma, T. Depression and cardiovascular disease: A clinical review. European Heart Journal35, 1365–1372 (2014).
[26]. Rutledge, T., Reis, V. A., Linke, S. E., Greenberg, B. H. & Mills, P. J. Depression in Heart Failure. A Meta-Analytic Review of Prevalence, Intervention Effects, and Associations With Clinical Outcomes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology48, 1527–1537 (2006).
[27]. Shachaf, P. & Hara, N. Beyond vandalism: Wikipedia trolls. J. Inf. Sci. (2010).
[28]. Martin Potthast Bauhaus. Crowdsourcing a wikipedia vandalism corpus. SIGIR ’10 Proc. 33rd Int. ACM SIGIR Conf. Res. Dev. Inf. Retr. (2010).
[29]. Sullivan, M. J. L., Bishop, S. R. & Pivik, J. The Pain Catastrophizing Scale: Development and validation. Psychol. Assess. (1995).
[30]. Sullivan, M., Bishop, S. & Pivik, J. The pain catastrophizing scale: development and validation. Psychol. Assess. (1995).
[31]. Craig, W. M. The relationship among bullying, victimization, depression, anxiety, and aggression in elementary school children. Pers. Individ. Dif. (1998).
[32]. Crick, N. R. & Grotpeter, J. K. Relational Aggression, Gender, and Social‐Psychological Adjustment. Child Dev. (1995).
[33]. Buss, A. H. & Perry, M. PERSONALITY PROCESSES AND INDIVIDUAL The Aggression Questionnaire. J. Pers. (1992).
[34]. Archer, J. Sex differences in aggression in real-world settings: A meta-analytic review. Review of General Psychology (2004).
[35]. Ramírez, J. M. & Andreu, J. M. Aggression, and some related psychological constructs (anger, hostility, and impulsivity) Some comments from a research project. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews (2006).
[36]. Nierenberg, A. A., Ghaemi, S. N., Clancy-Colecchi, K., Rosenbaum, J. F. & Fava, M. Cynicism, hostility, and suicidal ideation in depressed outpatients. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. (1996).
[37]. Goleman, D. What makes a leader? in Military Leadership: In Pursuit of Excellence (2018).
[38]. Bushman, B. J. & Anderson, C. A. Is it time to pull the plug on the hostile versus instrumental aggression dichotomy? Psychol. Rev. (2001).
[39]. Bushman, B. J. & Anderson, C. A. Violent video games and hostile expectations: A test of the general aggression model. Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull. (2002).
[40]. Berkowitz, L. Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis: Examination and Reformulation. Psychological Bulletin (1989).
[41]. Blackburn, R. & Fawcett, D. The Antisocial Personality Questionnaire: An Inventory for Assessing Personality Deviation in Offender Populations. Eur. J. Psychol. Assess. (1999).
[42]. Hancock, G. R. & Mueller, R. O. The Reviewer’s Guide to Quantitative Methods. Health (San Francisco) (2010).
[43]. Bryman, A. Interviewing in Qualitative Research. Social Research Methods 468–500 (2012).
[44]. Pathak, V., Jena, B. & Kalra, S. Qualitative research. Perspectives in Clinical Research4, 192 (2013).
[45]. Creswell, J. W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Research design Qualitative quantitative and mixed methods approach (2013).

Syafiq M.S, Lukman Z.M., Nurun Saadah S. “Aggressive Behaviors and Depression: What are the linked? A Case Study among Drug Abuser” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.114-119 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/114-119.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Problems of School Management and Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria

Owan Valentine Joseph, Nwannunu Blessing Iheoma, and Madukwe Esther Chijioke – October 2018 Page No.: 120-127

This study investigated problems of school management and secondary school students’ academic performance in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. Proportionate stratified sampling technique was employed in selecting a sample of 3616 students out of the population of 18, 078 students. “Problems of School Management Questionnaire (PSMQ),” and Senior Secondary Mathematics Achievement Test (SSMAT) were the instruments designed by the researcher, were used for data collection. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics; while the null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance using population t-test and multiple regression analyses where applicable. Microsoft Excel 2016 spreadsheet program was used in the analysis of data. Findings from the study revealed among others that; secondary school students’ academic performance in Calabar Education zone is significantly high, disciplinary control, classroom management, and teachers’ motivation significantly influence secondary school students’ academic performance respectively. Based on these results, conclusions were drawn and recommendations were made.

Page(s): 120-127                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 October 2018

 Owan Valentine Joseph
Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

 Nwannunu Blessing Iheoma
Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

 Madukwe Esther Chijioke
Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

[1]. Abisola, O. S. & Adam, H. S. (2017). Effective classroom management and students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of AkwaIbom State.Research in Pedagogy, 7(1), 43 ‐ 56.

[2]. Ahmad, S., Hussain C. A., Alia A., Mubarka, Z. & Batool, A. (2017). Relationship of classroom management strategies with academic performance of students at college level. Bulletin of Education and Research, 39(2), 239-249.

[3]. Aja-Okorie, U. (2010). Administrative challenges confronting school principals in Nigeria: A Gender-based perspective. Knowledge Review, 1(3), 5 – 14.

[4]. Alarm, T.M & Farid S. (2011). Factors affecting teachers’ motivation. International journal of business and social sciences; 2(1), 56 – 68.

[5]. Aldair, J. (2009). Leadership and motivation. New Delhi, Replika Press PUT

[6]. Ehiane, O. S. (2014). Discipline and academic performance: A study of selected secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 3(1), 181 – 194.

[7]. Erum S. &Zahoor A. (2011). A study on academic performance of university students. Proc. 8th International Conference on Recent Advances in Statistics Lahore, Pakistan – February 8-9; 255 – 268.
[8]. Gitonga, D. W. (2012). Influence of teachers’ motivation on students’ performance in Kenya certificate of secondary education in public secondary schools in Imenti South District Kenya.M.Ed thesis submitted to the department of Educational Administration University of Nairobi, Kenya.

[9]. Igbinoba, O. K. & Aigbedion, I. M. (2015). The impact of classroom management on students’ academic performance in selected junior secondary schools in Municipal area council, Abuja.International Journal of Education and Research, 3(9),141 – 151.

[10]. Marques, J. (2010). Joy at work at joy: Living and working mindfully everyday. Personhood Press.

[11]. Matsoga, J. T. (2003). Crime and school violence in Botswana secondary education: The case of Moedingsenior secondary school. Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio University.

[12]. Muhammad S. A. & Ibrahim M. G. (2014). The impact of motivation on students’ academic achievement in Kebbi State junior secondary school mathematics.International Journal of Advance Research, IJOAR, 2(12), 1 – 15.

[13]. Nicholas, O. S, John O. A. & Eric, K. K. (2016). Impact of Discipline on Academic Performance of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Muhoroni Sub-County, Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice; 7(6): 164-173

[14]. Ocho, L. O. (2010). The purpose of education and the place of the principal in the realization of aims.In C. Nweze (ed.) Capacity building of junior secondary school principals on schooladministration and management in Ebonyi state. Ebonyi State Universal Basic Education Board, Abakaliki.

[15]. Onyambu, C. (2014). Analysis of the effect of teacher motivation on KCSE performance: A case of Masimba Division, Masaba South District, Kenya. An M.Ed thesis the Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education. Kenyatta University.

[16]. Owan, V. J. (2012). Some causes of poor performance of pupils in primary school mathematics. A case study in Akamkpa L.G.A Cross River State. Retrieved from https://goo.gl/NTTxqc

[17]. Zhang, X., & Zhao, P. (2010). The study on the relations among perfectionism and coping style and interpersonal relationship of university students. Asian Social Science, 6(1), 145.

Owan Valentine Joseph, Nwannunu Blessing Iheoma, and Madukwe Esther Chijioke “Problems of School Management and Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.120-127 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/120-127.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and the Sustenance of Local Livelihood Strategies in Buabua and Kimbi ─ the Lake Nyos Gas Disaster Resettlement Camps, NWR of Cameroon

Augustine Toh Gam, Nobert Tohnain Lengha, Reeves Meli Fokeng – October 2018 Page No.: 128-139

Natural disasters in most parts of the world have resorted to many fatalities, forced migration and involuntary resettlement of the affected population. Lake Nyos Gas Disaster of 1986 which killed about 1,746 people and led to forced migration of over 15,000 affected people and the subsequent resettlement of survivors in resettlement camps in near by administrative sub-divisions in the North West Region of Cameroon is one of such natural catastrophies. The paper evaluates the use of Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge (IAK) in agriculture and how it has helped to sustain the livelihood of this environmentally traumatized resettled population. The study sampled two of these resettlement villages (Buabua and Kimbi) to access Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge (IAK) and the sustenance of local livelihood strategies. Field campaigns including the administration of semi-structured questionnaires and focus group discussions (FGDs) facilitated the collection of data on IAK practices and how this knowledge helps in sustaining local livelihoods. A total of 24 Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge (IAK) were identified, with 54.16% of them used in crop cultivation, and 45.83% in livestock farming including the raising of small ruminants, poultry and piggery production. IAK shows successful results after being applied as there is increased crop and livestock yields. The use of IAK in agriculture has led to sustainable and efficient land use within the study area. Despite the rising use of IAK and potential benefits in agriculture and the sustenance of local livelihoods in Buabua and Kimbi, survivors still express a strong desire to return to the former disaster zone. The underlying reasons behind this phobia is mainly small land sizes ranging from 30-50 square metres that were allocated to households for both crop cultivation and grazing, and the fact that the limits between grazing and crop land are not clearly demarcated. Prospects for agricultural expansion within the area are therefore slim and need to be addressed.

Page(s): 128-139                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 October 2018

 Augustine Toh Gam
Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Arts, University of Bamenda, Cameroon

 Nobert Tohnain Lengha
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Cameroon

 Reeves Meli Fokeng
Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Arts, University of Bamenda, Cameroon

[1]. Freeth, S.J. (1992). An introduction to the natural hazards of West and Central Africa, & Potentially hazardous lakes in West Africa . Natural Hazards in West and Central Africa, International Monograph Series. Freeth, S.J., Ofoegbu, C.O., Onuoha, M.K., (Eds), 03-05 & 45-56.
[2]. Barberi, F., Chelini, W., Marinelli, G., Martini, M. (1989). The gas cloud of Lake Nyos (Cameroon, 1986): results of the Italian technical mission. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 39 (2-3): 125-134. doi: 10.1016/0377-0273(89)90053-X.
[3]. Forka, L.M.F. (2011). The Strange Lake Nyos CO2 Gas Disaster: Impacts and the displacement and return of affected communities, Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies,1: 1174-4707.
[4]. http://www.cameroonpostline.com/lake-nyos-still-deadly/
[5]. Balgah, A.R., Buchenrieder, G. (2011). Natural shock and risk behavior: Experimental evidence in Cameroon. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, 50 (2): 155-173.
[6]. Adedipe, N.O., Okuneye, P.A., Ayinde, I.A. (2004). The relevance of local and indigenous knowledge for Nigerian agriculture. Proceedings of the International Conference on Bridging Scales and Epistemologies: Linking Local Knowledge with Global Science in Multi-Scale Assessments; March 16-19, Alexandria, Egypt.
[7]. Eyong, C.T. (2007). Indigenous knowledge and sustainable development in Africa: Case study on Central Africa. Indigenous knowledge systems and sustainable development: Relevance for Africa, Tribes and Tribals, special issue. Boon KE, & Hens L. (Eds), 2007; 121-139.
[8]. Diana, A., Kanzikwera, R., Birungi, P., Alum, W., Aliguma, L., Baewogeza, M. (2007). Indigenous knowledge in agriculture: A Case Study of the Challenges in Sharing Knowledge of Past Generations in a Globalized Context in Uganda. Proceedings of World Library and Information Congress: 73rd IFLA General Conference and Council, 19-23 August, Durban, South Africa.
[9]. Hannah, J. (2011). Indigenous agricultural knowledge in the Pacific: (with special reference to article 9 of the International Treaty for plant genetic resources for food and agriculture),Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) Suva, Fiji.
[10]. Nnadi, F.N., Chikaire, J., Ezudike, K.E. (2013). Assessment of indigenous knowledge practices for sustainable agriculture and food security in Idemili South Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria, Journal of Resources and Management,1: 14-21.
[11]. BUCREP. (2005). Répertoire Actualisé des Villages du Cameroun. Volume IV-Tome 7.
[12]. Fonfuka Council Development Plan, 2011.
[13]. Anan, P. (2010). Indigenous agricultural knowledge – A sample of practice in Northeast Thailand. International Journal of Environmental and Rural Development, 1-1: 68-73.
[14]. Mulugeta, S. (2014). Integrating Indigenous Practices with Modern Measures for Sustainable Land Management in Selected Kebeles of Gimbi Woreda, West Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State. Master’s Thesis, Department of Geography and environmental, Haramaya University.
[15]. Fokeng, M.R. (2016).Transhumance or sedentarization of nomadic herders: what future for a sustainable livestocking in the Tubah Uplands, North West Cameroon,International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS and Geography, 4(1):42-52.
[16]. Bang, H.N. (2009). Natural disaster risk, vulnerability and resettlement: relocation decisions following the Lake Nyos and Monoum disasters in Cameroon. PhD thesis, University East Anglia.
[17]. Abiola, A., Yetunde, Z., Halima, S.E. (2011). Documenting and disseminating agricultural indigenous knowledge for sustainable food security: The efforts of agricultural research libraries in Nigeria. Proceedings of World Library and Information Congress: 77th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, 13-18 August, San Juan, Puertorico.
[18]. Briggs, J. (2005). The indigenous knowledge in development problems and challenges, Progress in Development Studies, 5(2): 99-114.
[19]. Carswell, G. (1997). Agricultural intensification and rural sustainable livelihoods: a « think piece », IDS working paper 64.
[20]. Cotel, A.J. (1999).A trigger mechanism for the Lake Nyos disaster, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 88 (4): 343-347. doi: 10.1016/S0377-0273(99)00017-7.
[21]. Lockwood, J.P., Rubin, M. (1989). Origin and age of the Lake Nyos maar, Cameroon, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,39: 117-124.
[22]. Richards, P. (1985).Indigenous agricultural revolution: ecology and food production in West Africa, Hutchinson, London.
[23]. Waren, D.M. (1991). Using indigenous knowledge in Agricultural Development. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 127.
[24]. Warren, D.M., Rajesakaran, B. (1993). Putting local Knowledge to good use, International Agricultural Development,13:8-10.
[25]. http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Nyos.html
[26]. http://www.ipsnews.net/1998/08/environment-lake-nyos-survivors-stuck-in-resettlement-camps/
[27]. http://www.voanews.com/a/survivors-1986-lake-nyos-disaster-cameroon/3474673.html
[28]. http://www.geo.arizona.edu/geo5xx/geos577/projects/kayzar/html/lake_nyos_disaster.html

Augustine Toh Gam, Nobert Tohnain Lengha, Reeves Meli Fokeng “Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and the Sustenance of Local Livelihood Strategies in Buabua and Kimbi ─ the Lake Nyos Gas Disaster Resettlement Camps, NWR of Cameroon” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.128-139 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/128-139.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Gender Considerations in Contemporary Nigerian Politics

Rabia Shehu Fodio, Murtala Marafa, Dr. Umar Ubandawaki, Dr. Sirajo Muhammad Sokoto – October 2018 Page No.: 140-144

A number of Scholars believe that a certain involvement in social and public affairs is essential for a woman in order for her to perform her motherly role effectively. Her role as educator necessitates her performing a role in the public affairs of society. She must participate in those affairs outside the scope of the house, vis-a-vis politics. They believe that this public involvement and participation in politics is important for a better and superior performance of her more private role as wife and mother. The essence of education in general, whether it takes place at school or at home, is to create a good human being and a good member of society. Now, if a woman is expected to educate future generation and prepare them for their future life as good human beings, she must be given a basic training and a basic experience of what public life is and what public interest is all about particularly as it affects politics.

Page(s): 140-144                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 October 2018

 Rabia Shehu Fodio
Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sokoto State University, Sokoto – Nigeria

 Murtala Marafa
Department of History, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sokoto State University, Sokoto- Nigeria

 Dr. Umar Ubandawaki
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sokoto State University Sokoto – Nigeria

 Dr. Sirajo Muhammad Sokoto
Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sokoto State University, Sokoto – Nigeria

[1]. Afonja S. B. A (1992) Nigerian Women in Social Change. The Programme in Women Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, OAU Press.
[2]. Awe BA (1974) Notes on the institution of the Iyalode. Department of History, University of Ibadan Papers.
[3]. Ayoade J.AA, E. Nwabuzor and A. Samba (1992) Women and Politics in Nigeria.
[4]. Baker P. H. (1974) Urbanisation and Political Change Berkeley University of California Press.
[5]. Balogun S. (1974) Pressure Groups and the Interest Articulation. A study of Egba Women’s Union 1947 – 1951. Quoted in Mba.
[6]. Basu A. 1995. The Challenge of Local Feminism Western Press Boulder Colorado.
[7]. Gailey Harry A. 1970. The Road to Aba New York University Press.
[8].Ige B. (1995) People, Politics and Politicians of Nigeria 1940-1979.
[9]. Johnson C. (1979) Women and overview of their traditional status effects of colonisation and post- independence •concerns. Pan Africanist No.8 July.
[10]. Joseph R. (1991) Democracy and Pre-bendal Politics in Nigeria. Spectrum Books
[11]. Santora M. (1996). The Colonial Idea of Women and Direct Intervention. African Affairs Journal Vo1.95:379
[12]. Sawaba G. (1950). Declaration of the Principles of NEPU, Kano.
[13]. Shehu D.J. (1997) Gender Consideration, Ethnicity and Decentralisation of Governance in Nigeria in the 21st Century. In Ikpi A.E. and Joseph Olayemi, Governance and Development in West Africa Winrock International pp 256.
[14]. Little K. (1972) African Women in Towns Cambridge University press.
[15]. Mba B., Mobilised. Berkeley. (1982) Nigerian Women University of California
[16]. Tamuno T. (1966) Nigeria and Elective representation 1923 – 1947 London Heineman
[17]. Okihiro (ed) Resistance Studies in Africa, Caribbean and Afro History. University of Massachusetts Press.
[18]. Ransome Kuti O. (1963) “Women Should Play a Bigger part in the Election” West African No.3, 19, 51

Rabia Shehu Fodio, Murtala Marafa, Dr. Umar Ubandawaki, Dr. Sirajo Muhammad Sokoto “Gender Considerations in Contemporary Nigerian Politics” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.140-144 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/140-144.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Do Volunteer Management Practices Retain a Volunteer? A Case Study in Global Peace Malaysia (GPM)

Bukhari W.M.Y., Lukman Z.M., Zulaikha M.Z., Nurun Saadah S., M.Y. Kamal – October 2018 Page No.: 145-150

Various volunteer organizations, groups and individuals are recognized in volunteerism but it does not last long. Volunteers have a great and heavy responsibility if they serve under the aegis of the organization or agency, all policies and policies must be respected and respect the privacy of certain parties, especially those that need to be protected. The relationship between management practices and volunteer retention was not thoroughly examined by previous researchers leading to a lack of solutions that volunteer organizations could undertake. Hence, the purpose of this study is to investigate facts and statistics on the relationship and correlation between the management and retention practices of volunteers at the Global Peace Mission (GPM) of Malaysia. The Quantitative Method was used to carry out this study of GPM Malaysia where 110 volunteers were registered as respondents to this study. The information obtained through this study will be analyzed in detail by using the descriptive method, Pearson Collaboration Relations, and Recreational Variety. There is a high relationship between management and retention for registered volunteers at GPM Malaysia. Through the findings of this study, management practices in volunteerism are a very important factor in maintaining an individual in volunteerism. As such, good management will enhance the retention of volunteers in an organization.

Page(s): 145-150                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 October 2018

 Bukhari W.M.Y.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia.

 Lukman Z.M.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia.

 Zulaikha M.Z.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia.

 Nurun Saadah S.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia.

 Nurun Saadah S.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia.

[1].Grimm KE, Needham MD. (2012). Moving Beyond the “I” in Motivation: Attributes and Perceptions of Conservation Volunteer Tourists. J Travel Res.
[2]. Cuskelly G, Taylor T, Hoye R, Darcy S. (2006). Volunteer Management Practices and Volunteer Retention: A Human Resource Management Approach. Sport Manag Rev.
[3]. Bang H, Ross SD. (2009). Volunteer Motivation and Satisfaction. J Venue Event Manag., 1(1):61-77.
[4]. Finkelstein M a. (2008). Volunteer Satisfaction and Volunteer Action: a Functional Approach. Soc Behav Personal an Int J.
[5]. Guttentag DA. (2009). The possible negative impacts of volunteer tourism. Int J Tour Res., 11(6), 537-551.
[6]. McGehee NG, Santos CA. (2005). Social change, discourse and volunteer tourism. Ann Tour Res., 32(3), 760-779.
[7]. International Labour Office Geneva. (2011). Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work. Measurement, (3), 1-62.
[8]. Carlo G, Okun MA, Knight GP, de Guzman MRT. (2005). The interplay of traits and motives on volunteering: Agreeableness, extraversion and prosocial value motivation. Pers Individ Dif.
[9]. Eisner BD, Jr RTG, Maynard S, Washburn S. The New Volunteer Workforce. (2009).Stanford Soc Innov Rev., 1-7.
[10]. Stainton H. (2016). A segmented volunteer tourism industry. Ann Tour Res., 61, 256-258.
[11]. Fathima FN, Raju M, Varadharajan KS, Krishnamurthy A, Ananthkumar SR, Mony PK. (2015). Assessment of ’Accredited Social Health Activists’-A national community health volunteer scheme in Karnataka state, India. J Heal Popul Nutr., 33(1), 137-145.
[12]. Sampson SE. (2006). Optimization of volunteer labor assignments. J Oper Manag.
[13]. Andersen DP, Korpela E, Walton R. (2005). High-performance task distribution for volunteer computing. In: Proceedings – First International Conference on e-Science and Grid Computing, e-Science 2005.
[14]. Scherer LL, Allen JA, Harp ER. (2016). Grin and bear it: An examination of volunteers’ fit with their organization, burnout and spirituality. Burn Res.
[15]. Tang F, Choi E, Morrow-Howell N. (2010). Organizational support and volunteering benefits for older adults. Gerontologist.
[16]. Ringuet-Riot C, Cuskelly G, Auld C, Zakus DH. (2014). Volunteer roles, involvement and commitment in voluntary sport organizations: evidence of core and peripheral volunteers. Sport Soc.
[17]. Son J, Wilson J. (2011). Generativity and Volunteering. Sociol Forum.
[18]. van Ingen E, Dekker P. (2005). Changes in the determinants of volunteering: Participation and time investment between 1975 and 2005 in the Netherlands. Nonprofit Volunt Sect Q.
[19]. Ralston R, Lumsdon L, Downward P. (2005). The third force in events tourism: Volunteers at the XVII commonwealth games. J Sustain Tour.
[20]. Laverick S, Kazmi S, Ahktar S, et al. (2007). Asian earthquake: Report from the first volunteer British hospital team in Pakistan. Emerg Med J.
[21]. Brumbaugh AM. (2010). The impact of diversity seeking and volunteer orientation on desire for alternative spring break programs. J Travel Tour Mark.
[22]. Bartley AG. (2007). Confronting the Realities of Volunteering for a National Disaster. J Ment Heal Couns.
[23]. Lough BJ. (2010). Access to international volunteering. Nonprofit Manag Leadersh.
[24]. Hager MA, Brudney JL. (2015). In search of strategy: Universalistic, contingent, and configurational adoption of volunteer management practices. Nonprofit Manag Leadersh.
[25]. McCarroll JE, Castro S, Nelson EM, Fan Z, Evans PK, Rivera A. (2008). Characteristics of domestic violence incidents reported at the scene by volunteer victim advocates. Mil Med.
[26]. Laleman G, Kegels G, Marchal B, Van der Roost D, Bogaert I, Van Damme W. (2007). The contribution of international health volunteers to the health workforce in sub-Saharan Africa. Hum Resour Health.
[27]. Ellemers N, Boezeman EJ. (2009). Empowering the Volunteer Organization: What Volunteer Organizations Can Do to Recruit, Content, and Retain Volunteers. In: The Psychology of Prosocial Behavior: Group Processes, Intergroup Relations, and Helping.
[28]. Skirstad B, Hanstad DV. (2013). Gender matters in sport event volunteering. Manag Leis.
[29]. ma SY. (2010). Built Heritage Conservation and the Voluntary Sector: The Case of the Tung Wah Coffin Home in Hong Kong. Int J Cult Prop.
[30]. Kamal MY, Lukman ZM. (2017). The Influence of Talent Management Practices on Job Satisfaction. Int J Acad Res Bus Soc Sci., 7(7), 859-864.
[31]. Ingram LD. (2010). Connecting corporate volunteerism and employee engagement. ProQuest Diss Theses.
[32]. Stone C, Millian A. (2011). Empowering Communities in the ’Big Society’- Voluntarism and Event Management Issues at the Cheetham Hill Cross-Cultural Festival. Int J Manag Cases.
[33]. Sahuguet N. (2006). Volunteering for heterogeneous tasks. Games Econ Behav.
[34]. Künemund H, Schupp J. (200). Cyclical Developments in Volunteer Labor – Discourses and Empirical Findings (Konjunkturen Des Ehrenamts – Diskurse Und Empirie).
[35]. Hogg E. (2016). Constant, serial and trigger volunteers: volunteering across the lifecourse and into older age. Volunt Sect Rev.
[36]. Levac D, Colquhoun H, O’Brien KK. (2010). Scoping studies: Advancing the methodology. Implement Sci.
[37]. Chalmeta R. (2006). Methodology for customer relationship management. J Syst Softw.
[38]. Mackey A, Gass SM. (2005). Second Language Research: Methodology and Design.
[39]. Cuskelly G, Taylor T, Hoye R, Darcy S. (2006). Volunteer Management Practices and Volunteer Retention: A Human Resource Management Approach. Sport Manag Rev., 9(2), 141-163.
[40]. Mamabolo L. (2009). Chapter 3 Research design and methodology. Thesis Chapter.
[41]. Karr AF, Sanil AP, Banks DL. (2006). Data quality: A statistical perspective. Stat Methodol.
[42]. Cuskelly G. (2004). Volunteer retention in community sport organisations. Eur Sport Manag Q., 4(2), 59-76.
[43]. Reja, U., Manfreda, K. L., Hlebec, V., & Vehovar, V. (2003). Open-ended vs. Close-ended Questions in Web Questionnaires. Developments in Applied Statistics, 19, 159–177.
[44]. Shin, S., & Kleiner, B. (2003). How to manage upaid volunteers in organisations. Management Research News, 26(2/3/4), 63–71.
[45]. Tulloch, A. I. T., Mustin, K., Possingham, H. P., Szabo, J. K., & Wilson, K. A. (2013). To boldly go where no volunteer has gone before: Predicting volunteer activity to prioritize surveys at the landscape scale. Diversity and Distributions.
[46]. Zhou, W., Simpson, E., & Domizi, D. P. (2012). Google Docs in an Out-of-Class Collaborative Writing Activity. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education.
[47]. Penner, L. A. (2002). Dispositional and organizational influences on sustained volunteerism: An interactionist perspective. Journal of Social Issues.
[48]. Parasuraman, B. (2003). Perdebatan kajian sains sosial: Pengalaman penyelidik. Jurnal Kemanusiaan, 18, 46–58.
[49]. Ng, P. T. (2004). The Learning Organisation And The Innovative Organisation. Human Systems Management, 23(2), 93–100.

Bukhari W.M.Y., Lukman Z.M., Zulaikha M.Z., Nurun Saadah S., M.Y. Kamal “Do Volunteer Management Practices Retain a Volunteer? A Case Study in Global Peace Malaysia (GPM)” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.145-150 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/145-150.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Influence of Work Environment on Anxiety Levels of Employees of the Kenya Meat Commission, Machakos County, Kenya

Harun Issack Hassan – October 2018 Page No.: 151-158

This study sets out to analyse the influence of work environment on anxiety levels of employees of the Kenya Meat Commission with the aim of coming up with preventive measures. The study employed an ex post facto research design to guide the study. The study’s target population were all employees of Kenya Meat Commission Machakos County, Kenya, thus 427. The research utilized a questionnaire to collect information. Simple random, stratified and purposive sampling techniques to obtain a sample size of 201. The data collected was analysed and found out that participants level of interpersonal relations influences their level of anxiety where the poorer participants in interpersonal relations the higher the level of anxiety, that participants level of personal control influences their level of anxiety, and that participants level of motivation affects their level of anxiety where the more the participant is motivated the lesser the level of anxiety. Among the recommendations to the above findings is to increase the social activities in the working place, training the participants to cultivate self-control and to develop and maintain motivation levels to ensure suppressed levels of anxiety in the organisation for work productivity.

Page(s): 151-158                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 November 2018

 Harun Issack Hassan
Masters Student, Mount Kenya University, Kenya

[1]. AbeI. (2016). The role of individual interpersonal relationships on work performance in the South African retail sector. Problems and Perspectives in Management (open-access)”, 14(2-1). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/ppm.14(2-1).2016.08
[2]. Akinyele, S. T. (2007). A Critical Assessment of Environmental Impact on Workers productivity in Nigeria. Research Journal of Business Management, 1, 50-61. doi:10.3923/rjbm.2007.50.61
[3]. Akoth, A. M. (2014). Factors influencing implementation of workplace counseling services. Masters Thesis. University of Nairobi.
[4]. Asegid, A. (2014). Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction and Anticipated Turnover among Nurses in Sidama Zone Public Health Facilities, South Ethiopia. Nursing Research and Practices, 21-27. doi:10.1155/2014/909768
[5]. Awadh, I. M. (2015). Effects of workplace stress on employee performance in the county goverment in Kenya; A case study of kilifi County Goverment. International Journal of Scientific and Research, 5(10), 2250 -3153.
[6]. Babatunde, A. ((2013)). Occupational stress: A review on conceptualisations causes and cures. Economic Insights-Trends & Challenges, 65(3), 73-80. Retrieved from Retrieved from http://www.upg-bulletin-se.ro/
[7]. Bernolak, I. (2009, 02 10). Succeed with productivity and quality. How to do better with less. . Milwaukee,, Milwaukee,, US: ASQ Quality Press.
[8]. Briner. (2000). Relationships between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, Jul;50(5):299-303.
[9]. Caroline, S. A. (2017). The Influence of Organizational Stress on Performance among Employees; A Case of the Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI). International Journal of Education and Research, Vol. 5- 2411- 5681.
[10]. Commer, P. J. (2015). Informal Relationships at Workplace and Employee Performance: A Study of Employees Private HigherEducation Sector. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, Vol. 9 (1),, 303-321.
[11]. Ekienabor, E. E. (2016). Impact of Job stress on employees’ productivity and commitment. International Journal for Research in Business, Management and Accounting, 23-26.
[12]. Evans-Lacko S. (2014). Importance of social and cultural factors for attitudes, disclosure and time off work for depression: Findings from a seven country European study on depression in the workplace. . 2014;9(3):e91053. http://dx.doi.org/10.137. PLoS ONE, 10 -137.
[13]. Executive, H. a. (2015, 02 25). Work Related Stress, Anxiety and Depression Statistics in Great Britain 2015. HSE, 2015. Retrieved from (http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/stress/stress.pdf).: (http://www.hse.gov.uk
[14]. Fay, B. M. (2013,). The significance of job-anxiety in a working population. Occupational Medicine, Volume 63, Issue 6,, Pages 415–421,. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqt072
[15]. Harzer, C. (2015). The relationships of character strengths with coping, work-related stress, and job satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 23 -54. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00165
[16]. Hassan, S. (2015). The Importance of Ethical Leadership and Personal Control in Promoting Improvement-Centered Voice among Government Employees. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory,, 697–719. doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muu055
[17]. Javeed, H. A. (2012). “The impact of job stress on the counter-productive work behavior (CWB): a case study from the financial sector of Pakistan,. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, vol. 4,, 32-54.
[18]. Kamaldeep, B. (2016). Perceptions of work stress causes and effective interventions in employees working in public, private and non-governmental organisations: a qualitative study. BJP Psych Bull, 318-325. doi:10.1192/pb.bp.115.050823
[19]. Kang, W. (2016). Comparisn of Anxiety and Depresion status between office and manufucturing company; across sectional study. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 28;47.
[20]. Karihe, J. N. (2015). Effects of Working Facilities Stress Factors on the performance of employees in public Universities in Kenya. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications,, 9-16.
[21]. Mafini, C. &. (2013). The relationship between employee satisfaction and organisational performance: Evidence from a South African government department. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA, 9. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/
[22]. McCarthy, J. (2015). Are Anxious Workers Less Productive Workers? It Depends on the Quality of Social Exchange. Journal of Applied Psychology,, 7-16. doi:10.1037/apl0000044
[23]. Mkumbo, K. (2014). Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Work Stress in Academia in Tanzania. International Journal of higher Education, 3(1), 42-56. doi:doi:10.5430/ijhe.v3n1p1
[24]. Nabi, N. (2017). Impact of Motivation on Employee Performances: A Case Study of Karmasangsthan Bank Limited, Bangladesh. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 7-27.
[25]. Naser H, A. C. (2017). The Impact of job stress and job satisfaction on wrokforce productivity in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry. Saf Health Work, 67 -71.
[26]. Nella, D. (2015, 05 19). Consequences of Job Insecurity on the Psychological and Physical Health of Greek Civil Servants. BioMed Research InternationalBioMed Research International, 2015, pp. Article ID 673623, 8 pages.
[27]. Okello, D. R. (2015). Exploring the influence of trust relationships on motivation in the health sector: a systematic review. Human Resources for Health, 40-56. doi:doi.org/10.1186/s12960-015-0007-5
[28]. Patricia, O. (2015). Improving Interpersonal Relationship in Workplaces. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME), 115-125.
[29]. Prem, R. (2016). Regulatory job stressors and their within-person relationships with ego depletion: The roles of state anxiety, self-control effort, and job autonomy. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 22-32. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.11.004
[30]. Sharma A, a. D. (2012.). “Determinants of role stress based on employee segmentation:. a multinomial logit analysis,” Management,, 1–30.
[31]. Spector, P. E. (2002). Employee Control and Occupational Stress. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 133-136. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721.00185
[32]. Stander MP. (2016;). Depression in the South African workplace. S Afr J Psychiat., 22(1) a 814. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v22i1.814

Harun Issack Hassan “Influence of Work Environment on Anxiety Levels of Employees of the Kenya Meat Commission, Machakos County, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.151-158 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/151-158.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The Perception of Social Work Students on Human Trafficking in Malaysia

M. Zulaikha, Z.M Lukman, C. Azlini, R. Normala, M.Y. Kamal – October 2018 Page No.: 159-165

The issue of human trafficking in Malaysia has been debated for decades. It is a transnational crime that is rapidly growing across the world compared to drugs and weapons smuggling. Human trafficking could affect the country’s safety and sovereignty. This transnational and domestic issue targets women, children and foreign workers as exploitable victims. Various proactive approaches have been taken by the government to provide safety and protection mechanism for victims of human trafficking and establish Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (ATIPSOM) Act 2007 in order to punish the offenders and to tighten the state border control that involves cooperation from different parties. Even though Malaysia’s position constantly changes in the annual human trafficking report by the U.S. ambassador in Malaysia, Malaysia continues to work hard in order to place in the top tier in overcoming human trafficking crime. This descriptive study is done by using the questionnaire in the research to explore social work students’ knowledge of human trafficking in Malaysia. The findings of this study show that students do understand and have the general and specific knowledge about human trafficking and that they are serious about human rights that are supposed to be received by the victims. However, there are a number of social work students who are less interested in helping trafficking victims in the future. Research and special education need to be given to the students so that it could make the students want to help the victims and obtain the additional knowledge about human trafficking not only in Malaysia but also in the whole world.

Page(s): 159-165                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 November 2018

 M. Zulaikha
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu

 Z.M Lukman
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu

 C. Azlini
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu

 R. Normala
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu

 M.Y. Kamal
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu

[1]. Alvarez, M.B., & Alessi, E.J. (2012). Human trafficking is more than sex trafficking and prostitution: Implications for social work. Affilia: Journal or women and social work, 27(2), 144. Doi: 10.1177/0886109912443763.
[2]. Brennan, D. (2010). Thoughts on finding and assisting individuals in forced labor in the use. Sexualities, 13(2), 139-152. Doi: 10.117/1363460709359116.
[3]. Kassim, A., Too, T., Wong, S. C., & Abidin, M. Z. (2014). The Management of Foreign Workers in Malaysia: Institutions and Governance Regime. 2014), Managing International Migration for Development in East Asia, Washington, DC: World Bank, 241-262.
[4]. Conahan, J., & Kyere, E. (2010). Human trafficking: A social welfare clubs campaign for social justice. International Journal Of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Coalition of Immokalee Workers. (n.d.). U.s. v. Lee. pp. 125-136.
[5]. Farrell, A., McDevitt, J., & Fahy, S. (2010). Where are all the victims?. Criminology & Public Policy, 9(2), 201-233. Doi:10.1111/j.1745-9133.2010.00621.x.
[6]. Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM). (2012). Trafficking in Women and Children Report. Putrajaya: Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM).
[7]. Majlis Antipemerdagangan Orang dan Antipenyeludupan Migran (MAPOM). (2010). Pelan Tindakan Kebangsaan Antipemerdagangan Orang (2010-2015). Putrajaya: Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad.
[8]. Zarina Othman, Nor Azizan Idris & Mohd Kamal Omar. (2015). Pemerdagangan Orang Dan Keselamatan Insan Di Malaysia. Dlm. Zarina Othman Dan Nor Azizan Idris. Migrasi Dan Keselamatan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka.
[9]. Rohani Abdul Rahim, Salawati Mat Basir, Awanis Othman & Ehsan Rostamzadeh. (2015).Pemerdagangan Wanita Indonesia ke Malaysia: Pencengahan dan Aplikasi Perundangan. Dlm. Kamal Halili Hassan. Buruh Migrasi dan Keselamatan Isu Perundangan. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
[10]. United Nations. (2015). Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). United Nations: Worldwide.
[11]. United Nations. (2013). Human Rights A Basic Handbook for UN Staff. United Nations: Amerika Syarikat.
[12]. Rohani Abdul Rahim, Salawati Mat Basir, Awanis Othman & Ehsan Rostamzadeh. (2015). Pemerdagangan Wanita Indonesia ke Malaysia: Pencengahan dan Aplikasi Perundangan. Dalam, Kamal Halili Hassan. Buruh Migrasi dan Keselamatan Isu Perundangan. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
[13]. Ab Hamid, Z., Ab Aziz, N., & Amin, M. (2018). The Protection of Human Trafficking Victims by the Enforcement Bodies in Malaysia. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 8(7), 367-372.
[14]. Ab Hamid, Z., Amin, M., Shuhadawati, N., & Ab Aziz, N. (2017). The challenges faced by the enforcement bodies in Malaysia on human trafficking. International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 7(3), 146-151.
[15]. Noor, M.S.M., Khoo, L.S., Alias, W.Z.Z., Hasmi, A.H., Ibrahim, M.A., & Mahmood, M.S. (2017). The clandestine multiple graves in Malaysia: The first mass identification operation of human skeletal remains. Forensic science international, 278, 410-e1.
[16]. Michael, S.D. (2017). Human Trafficking in Malaysia: The Response of the Malaysian Government. Malaysian Journal of International Relations, 2, 106-192.
[17]. Barber, M.E. (2017). Solving the National and Global Issue of Human Trafficking (Doctoral dissertation, Appalachian State University).
[18]. Rohim, N.Z.A.A., & Ahmad, Y. (2017). Factors Contributing to Women Trafficking in Malaysia: Perspectives from Policy Maker, Implementers & Non-Governmental Organization. Journal of Administrative Science Special Edition: Socio-Economic Issue, 14(3).
[19]. Cooper, M., & Hieda, M. (2017). The Dark Side of Medical Tourism?: End of Life Choice, Human Trafficking, and Organ Transplants. In Oncology: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 203-215). IGI Global.
[20]. Sari, B.R. (2016). The Human Trafficking of Cambodian Women and Children for Sex Industry: Internal end External Case Study. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah, 1(2), 221-236.

[21]. Fraser, C. (2016). An analysis of the emerging role of social media in human trafficking: Examples from labor and human organ trading. International Journal of Development Issues, 15(2), 98-112.
[22]. Mulhern, M. (2014). Social Work Student Perceptions of Labor Trafficking.
[23]. U.S Department Of State. (2017). Trafficking In Person Report 2017. December: 60-68.
[24]. Stout, S. (2018). Human Trafficking in the Wake of Natural Disasters: is the United States Any Different Than Third World Countries?.
[25]. Ab Hamid, Z.B. (2016). Incorporating the United Nations Protocol on Trafficking in Persons in the Malaysian Legal Framework. IIUM Law Journal, 24(2), 377.
[26]. Rashila Ramli, Zarina Othman, Nor Azizan Idris & Sity Daud. (2012). Towards a Modified Approach to Human Security in Southeast Asia – A Perspective from Bangi. Journal Pertanika Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan 20(3): 577-588.
[27]. Majlis Antipemerdagangan Orang dan Antipenyeludupan Migran (MAPOM). (2016). Pelan Tindakan Kebangsaan Antipemerdagangan Orang (2016-2020). Putrajaya: Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad.
[28]. Gerry, F., & Sherwill, N. (2016). Human Trafficking, Drug Trafficking, and the Death Penalty. Indon. L. Rev., 6, 265.
[29]. Rahmahwati, I.N., Windiani, R., & Putranti, I.R. (2015). Evaluasi Hasil Implementasi the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative Against Trafficking Sub-regional Plan of Action (Commit Spa) Dalam Menangani Human Trafficking Di Thailand Periode 2011-2013. Journal of International Relations, 1(2), 1-8.
[30]. Graycar, A. (2017). Trafficking in human beings. In Migration, Culture Conflict and Crime (pp.23-42). Routledge.
[31]. Wan Ismail, W.N.I., Raja Ariffin, R.N., & Cheong, K.C. (2017). Human Trafficking in Malaysia: Bureaucratic Challenges in Policy Implementation. Administration & Society, 49(2), 212-231.
[32]. Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia (SUHAKAM). (2015). Trafficking in Women and Children. Laporan Hak Asasi Manusia Malaysia. Putrajaya: Human Right Commission Of Malaysia SUHAKAM.
[33]. Kaur, A. (2014). Managing labour migration in Malaysia: Guest worker programs and the regularisation of irregular labour migrants as a policy instrument. Asian Studies Review, 38(3), 345-366.
[34]. International Labour Organization (ILO). (2015). Human Trafficking and Forced Labour Exploitation.Guidance for Legislation and Law Enforcement. Geneva: ILO.
[35]. Close, P., & Askew, D. (2017). The Asia Pacific and human rights: A global political economy perspective. Routledge.
[36]. Pocock, N.S., Suphanchaimat, R., Chan, C.K., Faller, E.M., Harrigan, N., Pillai, V., & Wickramage, K. (2018, April). Reflections on migrant and refugee health in Malaysia and the ASEAN region. In BMC Proceedings (Vol. 12, No. 4, p. 4). BioMed Central.
[37]. Mordeson, J.N., Mathew, S., & Malik, D.S. (2018). Human trafficking: Source, transit, destination designations. In Fuzzy Graph Theory with Applications to Human Trafficking (pp. 181-208). Springer, Cham.
[38]. Chapman, J.R. (2018). Seeking to close the loopholes in transplant tourism and organ trafficking. Transplantation, 102(1), 11-12.
[39]. Malik, D.S., Mathew, S., & Mordeson, J.N. (2018). Fuzzy incidence graphs: Applications to human trafficking. Information Sciences, 447, 244-255.
[40]. Grubb, D., & Bennett, K. (2012). The readiness of local law enforcement to engage in US antitrafficking efforts: An assessment of human trafficking training and awareness of local county, and state law enforcement agencies in the State of Georgia. Police Practice & Research, 13(6), 487-500. doi:10.1080/15614263.2012.662815.
[41]. Wahab, A. A. (2017). Rethinking Refugees as Economically Isolated: The Rohingyas Participation in the Informal Economy in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Journal of ASEAN Studies, 5(1), 102.

[42]. Akta Antipemerdagangan Orang dan Antipenyeludupan Migran. (2007). Putrajaya: Kerajaan Malaysia.
[43]. Rahim, R.A., bin Ahmad Tajuddin, M.A., Bakar, K.B.H.A., & Rahim, M.N.B.A. (2015). Combating Smuggling in Persons: A Malaysia Experience. In SHS Web of Conferences (Vol. 18, p. 01004). EDP Sciences.

M. Zulaikha, Z.M Lukman, C. Azlini, R. Normala, M.Y. Kamal “The Perception of Social Work Students on Human Trafficking in Malaysia” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.159-165 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/159-165.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Impact of Ancient Arabic Dialect on Morphological and Grammatical Studies

Dr. Muhammad Garba Wali – October 2018 Page No.: 166-169

I. INTRODUCTION
In the name of Allah, The Compassionate, The Merciful.
All praise do to Allah who said in His holy book the Qur’an that “differentiation of your languages and colors of skins are some signs of His supremacy” 1
It’s undoubtedly that, with extensive and careful observations one will came to concludes that morphology and Grammatical studies contain reasonable rules and regulations that mainly have ideological difference among Arabic linguistics. And reasons of these come to existence due to environmental differences and manner of usage in one community from another.
This paper titled “Impact of Ancient Arabic Dialect on Grammatical and morphological Studies; It is an attempt made by the writer to survey some differences in some particular presentations of some scholars on the two fields.
The paper will deal with following areas after introduction:-
– Relationship Between Dialect and Language
– Ancient Arabic Dialect and Grammatical Studies
– Ancient Arabic Dialect in Morphological Studies
– Conclusion

Page(s): 166-169                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 November 2018

 Dr. Muhammad Garba Wali
Department of Arabic Language, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto – Nigeria

[1]. Qur’an Chapter 30: 22
[2]. Ibrahim Aniss (Dr); Fil-lahjatil Arabiyyah , P.16.
[3]. Abduhu Arrajee (Dr.); All’ahjatul Al-arabiyya Fil qira’atil Qur’aniyya, P.51.
[4]. Muhammadu Adibu Abdulwahid Jamran; Mu’ujimul Fasihi minal lahjatil Arabiyya, Al’ainakan. 1st Edition,1421H/2000, P.10-20.
[5]. Dawud Salum (Dr.); Dirasatul Lahjatil Al-arabiyyatil Qadeem. Berut, P. 24.
[6]. Ibid, P.57.
[7]. Ibid, P .58.
[8]. Al’akabariyyu; I’irabul Qur’an, P89, 752. And Al’ausiyyu; Tafsir ruhid ma’anee P,16.
[9]. Al’hamzawee, Alaa’u Isma’il (Dr.); Daurul lahjati fit Taq’eedin Nahweyyi (Analytic studies for “Hamail Hawa’ami’I” of Imam sayuti, P.7-11 .
[10]. Ibid, P.14.
[11]. Al’alusiyyu, vol-7. P 18.
[12]. Alhamzaweeyyu, P.17.
[13]. Ibid, P.19-20.
[14]. Amyal Badeeu Yaqub(Dr.); Almu’ujamul Mufassalu, val.11, P.1071.
[15]. Qur’an chapter 18; 2. And see Al’lusiyyu P.121 and 256.

Dr. Muhammad Garba Wali “Impact of Ancient Arabic Dialect on Morphological and Grammatical Studies” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.166-169 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/166-169.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Effects of Agricultural inputs on Agricultural Productivity in Kenya: A Johansen Co-integration Approach

Harrison Kimutai Yego, Sharon Jebiwot Keror, Mathew Kipkoech Bartilol, Silas Kiprono Samoei, Carol Jeruto Rotich – October 2018 Page No.: 170-175

This paper empirically determined the effects of Agricultural inputs on agricultural productivity in Kenya utilizing time series data from 2001 to 2016. With agricultural productivity as the dependent variable, the study used a cointegration method to determine vector error correction estimatesof a Cobb-Douglass function. All factors kept constant a unit increase in Agricultural credit results to a to around 1.9% increase in agricultural productivity. An approximately 0.2% increase would be realized in agricultural productivity with a unit increase in agricultural capital formation. Climatic variables i.e. rainfall and temperature also influenced agricultural productivity positively with 0.8 and 4.4 coefficients respectively.Regarding Cobb-Douglas elasticity terms, the overall effect of the four variables (credit, capital formation, rainfall and temperature) results to an increasing returns to scale since7.2>1.

Page(s): 170-175                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 November 2018

 Harrison Kimutai Yego
Department of Agricultural Economics and Resource Management, Moi University, Kenya

 Sharon Jebiwot Keror
Department of Agricultural Economics and Resource Management, Moi University, Kenya

 Mathew Kipkoech Bartilol
Department of Agricultural Economics and Resource Management, Moi University, Kenya

 Silas Kiprono Samoei
Department of Agricultural Economics and Resource Management, Moi University, Kenya

 Carol Jeruto Rotich
Department of Environmental Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya

[1]. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. (2014). Economic Survey 2015
[2]. Yego, H. K., Bartilol, M. K., Samoei, S. K., &Wafula, A. Estimating the effects of climate change on Agricultural production in Eastern and Middle African Countries: An Econometric Analysis
[3]. Downing, T. E. (1992). Climate change and vulnerable places: global food security and country studies in Zimbabwe, Kenya, Senegal and Chile
[4]. Enu, P., &Attah-Obeng, P. (2013). Which macro factors influence agricultural production in Ghana? Academic Research International, 4(5), 333
[5]. Ahmad, K., &Heng, T. C. (2012). Determinants of agriculture productivity growth in Pakistan. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 95, 163-173.
[6]. Odhiambo, W., Nyangito, H. O., &Nzuma, J. (2004). Sources and determinants of agricultural growth and productivity in Kenya (No. 34). Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis
[7]. Ekbom, A. (1998, June). Some determinants to agricultural productivity: An application to the Kenyan highlands. In World Conference of Environmental Economics, Venice, Italy (pp. 25-27)
[8]. Anthony, E. (2010). Agricultural credit and economic growth in Nigeria: An empirical analysis. Business and Economics Journal, 14, 1-7
[9]. Carter, M. R. (1989). The impact of credit on peasant productivity and differentiation in Nicaragua. Journal of Development Economics, 31(1), 13-36
[10]. Chisasa, J., &Makina, D. (2013). Bank credit and agricultural output in South Africa: A Cobb-Douglas empirical analysis
[11]. Muraya, B. W., &Ruigu, G. (2017). Determinants of Agricultural Productivity in Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 5(4)

Harrison Kimutai Yego, Sharon Jebiwot Keror, Mathew Kipkoech Bartilol, Silas Kiprono Samoei, Carol Jeruto Rotich “Effects of Agricultural inputs on Agricultural Productivity in Kenya: A Johansen Co-integration Approach” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.170-175 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/170-175.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Sociological Study of Marginalized Tamil Youth in Tea Estates

Samarakoon MT – October 2018 Page No.: 176-185

This study intends to look at life style of Indian Tamil youth in Hatton. Hatton is a town in Nuwara-Eliya and it is a main center of the Sri Lankan tea trade. According to the department of census & statistics in Sri Lanka the population of Indian Tamils was 33.06% in Hatton district. Their contribution in the estate sector to the economy of Sri Lanka is remarkable. But many studies and data showed that since the number of many years socio-economically their average of living is lower and they are a marginalized group in Sri Lanka. The question is asked to need how it exist their issues still and predominantly, the pertinent question g is why this Indian Tamils who from up country facing the most extreme poverty and how they are marginalizing from society. This study examined three key factors: 1) the way of marginalized hill country Indian Tamils; 2) The pattern of the lifestyle and its shape in the hill country Tamil youth; 3) changing lifestyle and future of the young generation of the up country Tamils. The methodology employed in the study was date from questionnaire and from the observations/experience of the authors. Overall, the study found that the life style has been slightly changing in the up country communities especially young people of those communities try to find new way for their life.

Page(s): 176-185                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 November 2018

 Samarakoon MT
Professor in Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

[1]. Thyra, C. (1996). Definitions of Life Style and its Application to Travel Behavior. [ebook] Denmark. Available at: http://www.trafikdage.dk/td/papers/papers96/tr_og_ad/uth/uth.pdf [Accessed 30 Aug. 2018].
[2]. Keliyan, M. (2011). Kogyaru and Otaku: Youth Subcultures Lifestyles in Postmodern Japan. [ebook] Available at: https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/as/article/download/2889/2527/ [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[3]. Feixa, C. and Nofre, J. (2012). Youth cultures. [ebook] Available at: http://www.sagepub.net/isa/resources/pdf/YouthCultures.pdf [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[4]. O’Connor, A. (2004). The Sociology of Youth Subcultures. [ebook] Available at: http://www.tezu.ernet.in/dmass/CBCT/subcultures2.pdf [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[5]. Samarakoon M. T 1 , Wijewardhana B. V. N 2 Are they stable…? Can the conflict related experience that are trickle down to the minds of children be transformed to the minds adolescents in the milieu of post war? (Special Reference to Jaffna District in Sri Lanka) International Journal of Advance Research and Development. (Volume 3, Issue 1) Available online at www.ijarnd.com
[6]. https://www.ijarnd.com/manuscripts/v3i1/V3I1-1172.pdf
[7]. Williams, J. (2007). Youth-Subcultural Studies: Sociological Traditions and Core Concepts. [ebook] Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e68f/192970e4aae8d5882c97439fb749ceb235a2.pdf [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[8]. Sadler, J. (2008). Implementing the Youth ‘Anti-social Behaviour’ Agenda: Policing the Ashton Estate. [ebook] Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1473225407087042 [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[9]. Centre for Poverty Analysis (2005). Moving Out of Poverty in the Estate Sector in Sri Lanka: Understanding Growth and Freedom from the Bottom Up. [ebook] Available at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTMOVOUTPOV/Resources/2104215-1187710751691/SriLanka_synthesis_estate.pdf [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[10]. Wijethunge, C. (2015). Valuing the Cultural Landscapes Past and Present: Tea Plantations in Sri Lanka. [ebook] Available at: http://DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2015.1057803 [Accessed 31 Aug. 2018].
[11]. Wijewardhana, BVN (2015 ) The Impact of Urban Youth Ganging on Anti-Social Behavior: A Criminological Study in Colombo City of Sri Lanka, Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Sri Jayewardenepura for the award of the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Criminology. http://dr.lib.sjp.ac.lk/handle/123456789/5130
[12]. Wijewardhana BVN. Youth Ganging and Gang membership: Characteristics of formation in gang culture and what sustains them on the urban Sri Lanka. International Journal of Social Science and Technology http://www.ijsstr.com/data/frontImages/1._August_2017.p df, 2017; 2(4):ISSN:2415-6566. http://www.socialsciencejournal.in/download/399/3-9-16-624.pdf
[13]. Wijewardhana BVN. The Co-relationship between Intergang conflicts for longitudinal expansion and retain their identification in an urban context, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research ISSN: Impact Factor: RJIF 5.22 www.socialsciencejournal.in; 2; www.socialsciencejournal.in/download/399/3-916624.pdf. 2017; 3(9):2455-2070 11 http://www.socialsciencejournal.in/download/399/3-9-16-624.pdf
[14]. Wijewardhana BVN. Youth Ganging and Gang membership: Characteristics of formation in gang culture and what sustains them on the urban Sri Lanka. International Journal of Social Science and Technology http://www.ijsstr.com/data/frontImages/1._August_2017. p df. 2017; 2(4): ISSN: 2415-6566. http://repository.kln.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/7864/174.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
[15]. Wijewardhana BVN , Samarakoon MT Gangsters in urban societies: How does it road to anti -social behaviour of gang members’ Wives. International Journal of Advanced Education and Research ISSN: 2455-5746 Impact Factor: RJIF 5.34 www.alleducationjournal.com Volume 3; Issue 5; September 2018; Page No. 25-33 http://www.alleducationjournal.com/archives/2018/vol3/issue5
[16]. Wijewardhana BVN Samarakoon MT , Weerawardhana S, Urban Youth male gangsters and analyze tendencies for youth to involve in criminal acts through gangs, International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research ISSN: 2455-4588 Impact Factor: RJIF 5.12 www.educationjournal.in Volume 3; Issue 3; May 2018; Page No. 05-13 http://www.educationjournal.in/download/294/3-2-29-329.pdf

Samarakoon MT “Sociological Study of Marginalized Tamil Youth in Tea Estates” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.176-185 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/176-185.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Barriers of Implementing Green Business Practices of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in the Tourism Industry

Fauzul Mafasiya Fairoz and Chathuranga J.A.T. – October 2018 Page No.: 186-192

The Green business practices are considered as one of the most important factor to achieve business and environmental sustainability. This research is an attempt to examine the barriers of adopting green business practices of Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SMEs)in the tourism industry in Hambantota district of Sri Lanka. Survey method was applied and questionnaire method was used to collect data from the respondents. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Findings show that lack of access to technology and high cost for financing are indicated as the main barriers of adopting green business practices among SME tourism entrepreneurs. Further, results revealed that they could gain several benefits as well through implementing green business practices and as a result, most of them have been reduced their operating cost.

Page(s): 186-192                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 November 2018

 Fauzul Mafasiya Fairoz
Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management and Finance, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka

 Chathuranga J.A.T.
Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management and Finance, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka

[1]. Arizona Sustainable Tourism Council. (2011). Arizona Hospitality Research & Resource Center Center for Business Outreach. The W. A. Franke College of Business. Northern Arizona University. Retreived on 23/07/2018 from ttps://static.sustainability.asu.edu/docs/SCN/9-22-11/SustainableTourismReport2011.pdf.
[2]. Bader, E. E.. and Property.,L. (2005). Sustainable hotel business practices.Journal of Retail and Leisure Property,5(1): 70-77.
[3]. Bandera, C., et al. (2016). Knowledge management and entrepreneurship: A contradictory recipe.International journal of Knowledge Management,12(3): 1-14.
[4]. Berke, P.R. (2002). Does Sustainable Development Offer a New Direction for Planning? Challenges for the Twenty-First Century. Journal of Planning Literature, 17(1): 21-36.
[5]. Bohdanowicz, P. and. quarterly, R.A. (2005). European hoteliers’ environmental attitudes: Greening the business.The Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly,46(2): 188-204.
[6]. Bohdanowicz, P. (2007). A case study of Hilton environmental reporting as a tool of corporate social responsibility.Tourism Review International, 11(2): 115-131.
[7]. Central Bank of Sri Lanka Annual Report.(2016). Retreived on 23/07/2018fromhttps://www.google.lk/search?q=Central+Bank+Report+sri+lanka+2016&oq=Central+Bank+Report+sri+lanka+2016&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l4.23546j0j8&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8.
[8]. Cavagnaro, E., Gehrels, S.A. (2009). Sweet and sour grapes: Implementing sustainability in the hospitality industry-a case study.Journal of Culinary Science and Technology,7(2-3): 181-195.
[9]. Chan, W., et al. (2009). Hong Kong hotels’ sewage: environmental cost and saving technique.Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research,33(3): 329-346.
[10]. Edwards, J. R. (2009). Latent variable modeling in congruence research: Current problems and future directions. Organizational Research Methods,12(1): 34-62.
[11]. Freeman, E. M. (2011). Restaurant industry sustainability: barriers and solutions to sustainable practice indicators, Arizona State University.
[12]. Gibson, R. B. (2006). Beyond the pillars: sustainability assessment as a framework for effective integration of social, economic and ecological considerations in significant decision-making.Journal of Environmental Assessment and Policy Management,8(03): 259-280.
[13]. Green Restaurent Association. (2005). Retreived on 28/07/2018 from http://www.dinegreen.com/sources.
[14]. Han, H., Hsu, L.T., Lee, J.S. (2009). Empirical investigation of the roles of attitudes toward green behaviors, overall image, gender, and age in hotel customers’ eco-friendly decision making process. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28(4), 519-528, doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2009.02.004
[15]. Hobson, K. and Essex.,S. (2001). Sustainable tourism: A view from accommodation businesses. The Service Industrial Journal, 21(4): 133-146.
[16]. Jenkins, H. (2006). Small business champions for corporate social responsibility. Journal For Business Ethics, 67: 241-256.
[17]. Jenkins, H. (2004). A critique of conventional CSR theory: An SME perspective.Journal of General Management,29(4): 37-57.
[18]. Kasim, A. (2009). Managerial attitudes towards environmental management among small and medium hotels in Kuala Lumpur. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,17(6): 709-725.
[19]. Kates, R. W. (2017). Sustainablity Science. The International Encyclopedia of Geography. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0279.
[20]. Lee., K, (2008). Opportunities for green marketing:Young consumers.Marketing intelligence & planning,26(6):573-586, doi.org/10.1108/02634500810902839.
[21]. Manaktola, K. and Jauhari., V. (2007). Exploring consumer attitude and behaviour towards green practices in the lodging industry in India.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,19(5): 364-377.
[22]. Mensah., I.. (2006). Environmental management practices among hotels in the greater Accra region.Journal of Hospitality Management, 25(3): 414-431.
[23]. Middleton, V. T. and Hawkins R. (1998). Sustainable tourism: A marketing perspective, Routledge.
[24]. Nicholls, S. and Kang., S. (2012). Going green: the adoption of environmental initiatives in Michigan’s lodging sector. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 20(7): 953-974. doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2011.645577.
[25]. Parker C, Redmond J, and Simpson M. (2009). A review of interventions to encourage SMEs to make environmental improvements. Environment and Planning, C: Government and Policy, 27:279-301.
[26]. Parry, S. (2012). Going green: the evolution of micro‐business environmental practices. Business Ethics: A Euripean Review,21(2): 220-237.
[27]. Raderbauer, M. (2011).The importance of sustainable business practices in the viennese accommodation industry.Retreived fom https://www.wien.gv.at/umweltschutz/nachhaltigkeit/pdf/raderbauer.pdf.
[28]. Revell A, Blackburn R. (2007). The business case for sustainability? An examination of small firms in the UK’s construction and restaurant sectors. Business Strategy and the Environment, 16:404-420.

[29]. Revell A, Stokes. D, and Chen H. (2009). Small businesses and the environment: Turning over a new leaf? Business Strategy and the Environment,19 (5), pp. 273-288.
[30]. Roberts, S. and Tribe., J. (2008). Sustainability indicators for small tourism enterprises–An exploratory perspective.Journal of Sustainable Tourism,16(5): 575-594.
[31]. Robinot, E. and Giannelloni J.-L. (2010). Do hotels’“green” attributes contribute to customer satisfaction?Journal of Services Marketing,24(2): 157-169.
[32]. Sri Lanka Tourism Develoment Authority Annual Statistical Report. (2016). Retreived on 18/07/2018 from http://www.sltda.lk/sites/default/files/annual-statical-report-2016.pdf.
[33]. Stipanuk, D. M., and Ninemeier, J. D.(1996). The Futuire of the US Lodging Industry and the Environment.Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly,37(6): 74-83.
[34]. Taylor N, Barker K, Simpson M. (2003). Achieving sustainable business, a study of perceptions of environmental best practice by SMEs in South Yorkshire. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 21:89-105.
[35]. Teng, Y.M.; Wu, K.S; and Liu, H.H. (2015). Integrating Altruism and the Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Patronage Intention of a Green Hotel. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 39(3):299-315. doi.org/10.1177%2F1096348012471383.
[36]. Tourism Industry Association of Canada, (2016). Annual Report on Canadian Tourism. Retrieved on 14/07/2018 from https://tiac-aitc.ca/_Library/TIAC_Publications/TIAC_Annual_Report_2016_EN.pdf.
[37]. Yusof, Z.B. and Jamaludin, M. (2014). Barriers of Malaysian Green Hotels and Resorts. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 153: 501 – 509. doi. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.083.
[38]. Williamson D, Lynch-Wood G. 2001. A new paradigm for SME environmental practice. The TQM Magazine, 13(6):424-432.

Fauzul Mafasiya Fairoz and Chathuranga J.A.T. “Barriers of Implementing Green Business Practices of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in the Tourism Industry” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.186-192 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/186-192.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The Roles of Counseling towards Promoting Women’s Mental Health

Buhari Lawal, Lawali Bello – October 2018 Page No.: 193-197

This paper highlights generally on the gigantic roles that counseling can play toward the promotion of good mental health of women. The paper specifically pointed out the common mental health issues experiencing by nowadays women as well as the factors affecting women’s mental health which are the causative elements of mental illness. The paper also examined the important of effective counseling as decisive intervention for the treatment of mental illness as well as the techniques for preventive measures on women’s mental health. The authors finally recommends the intervention of government, non-governmental organizations and other donor agencies to actively play a gigantic role in the creation, co-ordination, organizing, supervision and funding of strong organization that will render a comprehensive and intensive services particularly for women’s mental health.

Page(s): 193-197                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 November 2018

 Buhari Lawal
Primary Education Board, Sokoto, Nigeria

 Lawali Bello
Teachers Service Board, Sokoto, Nigeria

[1]. Akinade, E.A (2012). Introduction to modern guidance and counseling: a basic text for tertiary institutions. Bright ways publishers, Apata Ibadan.
[2]. American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: author.
[3]. Department of Health and common wealth of Australia (2013) national women’s health policy. Accessed via www.women’shealth.gov.ng on 28th July 2016
[4]. Drapalski, A. L., Youman, K., Stuewig, J. & Tangney, J. (2009) Gender differences in jail inmates’ symptoms of mental illness, treatment history and treatment seeking. Criminal Behaviour and Mental health, 19 (3), 193-206.
[5]. Kopala M (2003) Handbook of counseling women.Hunter College City, University of New York.SAGE publications America.
[6]. Mark T. and Elliott R. (2016) Clinical depression learning path: Overcoming depression-counseling and therapy. Retrieved via www.clinicaldepression.co.uk on 13th august 2016.
[7]. E (2010).Mental Health and the Law. USA: McGraw Hills Publishers.
[8]. NHS choices (2016) Treatment of panic disorders.Retrieved via www.nhk.uk on 14th august 2016
[9]. Schmidt CW (2007). Environment connects: A deeper look into mental illness. Environmental health perspectives.115(8).
[10]. Smith H.B and Weikel W.J (2016) Mental health counseling: the first 20 years. (Eds) “Foundations of mental health counseling” 3rd Edition P.P 5-29
[11]. U.S department of health and Humans services (2000) Mental health. Accessed via www.women’shealth.gov on 25th July 2016.
[12]. Unison (2015) women’s mental health: issues not to be ignored at work. Unison center, 130 Euston Road’ London
[13]. United Nations Children’s Fund and World health Organization (2009).Collaborative study of mental health needs across the World. World Bank Project.
[14]. Wikipedia free (2016) Mental health issues. Free online encyclopedia Retrieved via www.wikipedia.com on 14th august 2016.
[15]. World Health Organization (2001).Atlas: Mental Health Resources in the world.World Health Organization. Geneva

Buhari Lawal, Lawali Bello “The Roles of Counseling towards Promoting Women’s Mental Health” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.193-197 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/193-197.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Interest Rate and Domestic Private Investment in Nigeria

INIMINO, Edet Etim, ABUO, Michael Abang, BOSCO, Itoro Ekpenyong – October 2018 Page No.: 198-206

The study examined interest rate and domestic private investment in Nigeria from 1980 to 2015. The Augmented Dickey-Fuller test and Autoregressive Distributed Lag model were used as the main analytical tools. The ADF unit test result revealed stationarity of the variables at order zero and one, which satisfied the requirement to employ the ARDL Bounds testing approach. The ARDL Bounds test revealed the existence of a long run relationship among the variables. Moreover, the result revealed that monetary policy rate has negative and significant effects on domestic private investment both in the short and long run. Maximum lending rate has a positive effect on domestic private investment both in the short and long run and was significant in the short run. Prime lending rate has negative and insignificant effects on domestic private investment both in the short and long run. However, the gross domestic product has a negative and insignificant effect on domestic private investment in both the long run and the short run. Based on these findings, the study recommended amongst others that: The monetary authorities should ensure that the relevant macroeconomic fundamentals including growth, lending rates, inflation, etc. move in the right direction. This would enable potential and domestic investors to plan and weigh costs and benefits of investing in the country. Government must play an active role to ensure peace and stability. If there is instability in the country then it becomes rather difficult to attract investors. Thus, peace and stability must be guaranteed in order to attract investment. Government should invest in hard infrastructure particularly power, roads, railways and housing to help the various sectors of the economy to function very well thereby making the business environment friendly which will in turn enhance the growth and development of the country.

Page(s): 198-206                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 November 2018

 INIMINO, Edet Etim
Department of Economics, University of Uyo, Nigeria

 ABUO, Michael Abang
Department of Economics, University of Uyo, Nigeria

 BOSCO, Itoro Ekpenyong
Department of Economics, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

[1]. Agwu, C. (2015). Determinant of investment in Nigeria: An Econometrics analysis. Journal for Studies in Management and Planning, 1(3), 418- 430.
[2]. Central Bank of Nigeria (1997). “The Nigerian Financial System”, in Briefs, 1997 Special Edition, CBN, Abuja.
[3]. Central Bank of Nigeria (2016): Education in Economics Series No. 3 Interest Rate.
[4]. Davis, O. and Emerenini, F. M. (2015). Impact of Interest Rate on Investment in Nigeria. Developing Country Studies, 5(3), 103-109.
[5]. Duruechi, A. H. and Ojiegbe, J. N. (2015). Determinants of Investments in the Nigerian Economy: An Empirical Approach (1990 – 2013), International Journal of Financial Research, 6(4), 217-227.
[6]. Ekine, N. T. (2011). Macro Economics: Dimension of Competitive Indicators and Policy Performance. Port Harcourt: Dominus Press.
[7]. Ekpo, A. H. (2017). The Nigerian Economy: Current Recession and Beyond. 33rd Convocation Lecture at Bayero University, Kano, Friday, March 17, 2017.
[8]. Engel, F. R. and Granger, C. W. J. (1987). Co-integration and Error Correction Representations, Estimation, and Testing. Econometrics, 53: 251–276.
[9]. Eregha, P. B. (2010). Interest Rate Variation and Investment Determination in Nigeria, International Business Management, 4 (2), 41-46.
[10]. Ezirim, C. B. (2005). Finance Dynamics: Principles, Techniques and Application 3rd Edition Markowitz Centre for Research and Development University of Port Harcourt.
[11]. Gbanador, C. (2007). Modern Macroeconomics; Port Harcourt: Pearl Publishers.
[12]. Gbosi, A. N. (2005). Money, Monetary Policy and the Economy: Abigap Associates Ltd Confidence Estate, 28 Itu Road Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.
[13]. George-Anokwuru, C. C. (2017). Interest Rate and Domestic Private Investment in Nigeria. International Journal of Economics and Business Management, 3(5), 43-49.
[14]. Hitlar, I. (2015). The Impact of Interest Rate Liberalization on Investment in Nigeria; An M.Sc. dissertation submitted to the Department of Economics Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
[15]. Jhingan, M. L. (2007). Advanced Economic Theory. VRINDA Publications (P) LTD. B-5, Ashish Complex (opp. Public School), Mayur Vihar, Phase-1, Delhi-110 091.
[16]. Kaijser, P. S. (2014). Tobin’s Q theory and Regional Housing Investment: Empirical Analysis on Swedish Data. Uppsala University Department of Economics Master Thesis Work Spring semester 2014.
[17]. Ogede, J. S. (2013). Interest Rate Sensitivity and Banks’ Investment in Nigeria. Journal of Business Management and Applied Economics 2(5), 1-9.
[18]. Onwumere, J. U. J., Okore, A. O. and Imo, G. I. (2012). The Impact of Interest Rate Liberalization on Savings and Investment: Evidence from Nigeria. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting 3(10), 130-136.
[19]. Osundina, J. A. and Osundina, C. K. (2014). Interest Rate as a Link to Investment Decision in Nigeria (Mundell – Flemming Model). Journal of Economics and Finance (IOSR-JEF) 2(4), 08-14.
[20]. Pesaran, M. H. and Shin, Y. (1999). “An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Modelling Approach to Cointegration Analysis.”Econometrics and Economic Theory in the 20th Century: The Ragnar Frisch Centennial Symposium, Strom, S. (ed.) Cambridge University Press.
[21]. Pesaran, M. H., Shin, Y. and Smith, R. (2001). “Bounds Testing Approaches to the Analysis of Level Relationships.” Journal of Applied Econometrics, 16, 289–326.
[22]. Punch Newspaper of August 27, 2018.
[23]. Tobin, J. (1969). A General Equilibrium Approach to Monetary Theory. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 1(1), 15-29.

INIMINO, Edet Etim, ABUO, Michael Abang, BOSCO, Itoro Ekpenyong “Interest Rate and Domestic Private Investment in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.198-206 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/198-206.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Good Governance: Ethos & Ethics

Rajib Kahar & Pulak Nath – October 2018 Page No.: 207-210

Good governance is a buzzword which have gained prominence in the 21st century, with the advent of technology. It is a powerful tool through which human civilization can attain the attributes of sustainable development. It is a citizen friendly phenomenon that bridges the gap between the state & its stakeholders. On the other hand, poor governance will create chaos in the society thereby disrupting the functioning of the state and retarding the overall developmental process.
There are numerous impediment in the form of lawlessness, poverty, corruption, illiteracy, unemployment, etc. which may deter the aim of achieving good governance in totality. Thus, it is imperative that in this modern era of globalization effective measures should be taken to ensure implementation of the policies that are necessary for successful & efficient governance. The essential features and shortcomings must be identified and emphasis should be laid upon innovative approaches.

Page(s): 207-210                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 November 2018

 Rajib Kahar
Assistant Registrar, National Institute of Technology Silchar (Assam), India

 Pulak Nath
Assistant Registrar, National Institute of Technology Silchar (Assam), India

[1]. Atul Kohli, Democracy and Development in India: From Socialism to Pro business, Oxford University Press India, New Delhi, 2010,
[2]. Bivins, Thomas (2006). Responsibility& Accountability in Ethics in Public relation
[3]. Promoting Transparency & Accountability (2000), Centre for Democracy& Governance,
[4]. “What is Good Governance?” Article from United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.
[5]. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/strengthening-education-systems/quality framework/technical-notes/concept-of-governance/

Rajib Kahar & Pulak Nath “Good Governance: Ethos & Ethics” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.207-210 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/207-210.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Value Added Tax and Economic Growth in Nigeria

INIMINO, Edet Etim, OTUBU, Osaretin Paul, AKPAN, James Essien – October 2018 Page No.: 211-219

The study examined value added tax and economic growth in Nigeria from 1994 to 2015. The econometrics methods of Co-integration and ECM were employed as the main analytical techniques. The Co-integration result revealed the existence of a long-run relationship among the variables. The Parsimonious Error Correction result revealed that value added tax, exchange rate and interest rate have a significant relationship with economic growth in Nigeria during the period of study. While, private domestic investment has no significant relationship with economic growth in Nigeria during the studied period. Also, the coefficient of the parsimonious ECM has the appropriate sign that is negative and statistically significant. Meaning that, the short run dynamics adjust to long run equilibrium relationship. The study therefore concluded that VAT revenue impacted on economic growth in Nigeria positively during the period of study. In the light of the above, government should boost VAT revenue. This can be achieved by removing all administrative loopholes, ensure all the companies in Nigeria are registered to make VAT collection easy, and sanction any company that do not remit VAT revenue adequately.

Page(s): 211-219                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 November 2018

 INIMINO, Edet Etim
University of Uyo, Nigeria

 OTUBU, Osaretin Paul
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 AKPAN, James Essien
Department of Economics and Management Science, Nigerian Police Academy Kano, Nigeria.

[1]. Abiola, S. (2012). Current Law and Practice of Value Added Tax in Nigeria: British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences 5(2).
[2]. Adegbie, F. F. Jayeoba, O. and Kwabai, J. D. (2016): Assessment of Value Added Tax on the Growth and Development of Nigeria Economy: Imperative for Reform Accounting and Finance Research, 5(4), 163-178.
[3]. Adereti, S. A., Sanni, M.R. & Adesina, J.A.(2011).Value Added Tax and Economic Growth of Nigeria European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 10(1).
[4]. Afolayan, S. M. and Okoli, M. N. (2015). The Impact of Value Added Tax on Nigerian Economic Growth (1994-2012): An Investigation. European Journal of Business and Management www.iiste.org 7(9).
[5]. Ajakaiye, D. O. (1999). Macroeconomic Effects of VAT in Nigeria: A computable General equilibrium Analysis. ACRC Research paper 92.
[6]. Ajakaiye, D. O. (2000). Macroeconomic Effects of VAT in Nigeria: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis, assessed from www.citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/downlead on 4th October, 2014.
[7]. Ajie, H.A., Akekere, J. & Ewubare, D. B. (2014). Praxis of Public Sector Economics and Finance. Port Harcourt: Pearl Publishers.
[8]. Akhor, S. O., Atu, E. C. & Ekundayo, O. U. (2016). The Impact of Indirect Tax Revenue on Economic Growth: The Nigeria Experience Igbinedion University Journal of Accounting 2(1).
[9]. Akpakpan, E. B. (1999). The Economy Towards a New Type of Economics. Port Harcourt: New Generation Publishers.
[10]. Apere, T. O. and Durojaiye, O. J. (2016). Impact of Value Added Tax (VAT) on Government Revenue and Economic Growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Management and Applied Science, 2(7), 92-97.
[11]. Bakare, A. S. (2013). Value Added Tax and output Growth in Nigeria. Proceeding of 8th annual London business research conference imperial college, London, UK, .8-9 July, 2013. 1-11.
[12]. Bumpei, M. (2011) The Effect of the VAT Rate Change on Aggregate Consumption and Economic Growth Center on Japanese economy and business Working Paper Series June 2011, No. 297.
[13]. Cass, D. (1965). Optimum Growth in an Aggregative Model of Capital Accumulation. The Review of Economic Studies, 32 (3), 233-240.
[14]. Central Bank of Nigeria (2007), Statistical Bulletin, Abuja: Central Bank of Nigeria, Vol. 18, December 2007.
[15]. Central Bank of Nigeria (2013). Annual Economic Report 31st December 2013.
[16]. Chigbu, E. E. (2014). A Co-integration of Value Added Tax and Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1994-2012 International Journal of Management Sciences and Business Research, 3(2) 95-103.
[17]. Denis, B. (2010). Investigating the Relationship between VAT and GDP in Nigerian Economy. Journal of Management and Corporate Governance Volume 2, (December).
[18]. Ehigiamusoe, U. K. (2014). The Nexus between Tax Structure and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Prognosis Journal of Economic and Social Studies 4(1), 113-138.
[19]. Ekine, N. T. (2011). Macro Economics: Dimension of Competitive Indicators and Policy Performance. Port Harcourt: Dominus Press.
[20]. Ezirim, C. B. (2005). Finance Dynamics: Principles, Techniques and Application 3rd Edition Markowitz Centre for Research and Development University of Port Harcourt.
[21]. Gujarati, D. N. (2007). Basic Econometric. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd. Delhi.
[22]. Ibadin, P. O., and Oladipupo, A. O. (2015). Indirect Taxes and Economic Growth in Nigeria, EKON. MISAO I PRAKSA DBK. GOD XXIV. (2015.) BR. 2. (345-364).
[23]. Inyiama, O. I. and Ubesie, M. C. (2016). Effect of Value Added Tax, Customs and Excise Duties on Nigeria Economic Growth. International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research (IJMSR), 4(10), 53-62.
[24]. Iyoha, M. A. and Ekanem, O. T. (2002). Introductory Econometrics. Benin City: Mareh Publishers.
[25]. Jhingan, M. L. (2007) The Economics of Development and Planning. VRINDA Publications (P) LTD. B-5, Ashish Complex (opp. Ahlcon Public School), Mayur Vihar, Phase-1, Delhi-110 091.
[26]. Lucas, R. (1988). On the Mechanics of Economic Development. Journal of Monetary Economics. 22 (1), 3-42.
[27]. Madugba, J. U. and Joseph, U. B. A. (2016). Value Added Tax and Economic Development in Nigeria: International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability 4(3), 1-10.
[28]. Manukaji, I. J. and Nwadialor, E. O. (2016). Assessment of the Contribution of Value Added Tax to the Nigerian Economy. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management Research, 2(1), 45-56.
[29]. Nasiru, M. G., Haruna, M. A. and Abdullahi, M. A. (2016). Evaluating the Impact of Value Added Tax on the Economic Growth of Nigeria. Journal of Accounting and Taxation, 8(6), 59-65.
[30]. Njogu, L. K. (2015). The Effect of Value Added Tax on Economic Growth in Kenya. International Academic Journal of Economics and Finance, 1(5), 10-30.
[31]. Ofishe, O. W. (2015). The Impact of Value Added Tax on Economic Growth in Nigeria (1994 – 2012). Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 6(23), 34-46.
[32]. Okpe, I. I. (1998). Personal Income Tax in Nigeria. Enugu Ezeugo Printers
[33]. Olatunji, O. C. (2009). A Review of Value Added Tax Administration in Nigeria, International Business Management, 3(4), 61-68.
[34]. Omesi, I. and Nzor, N. P. (2015). Tax Reforms in Nigeria: Case for Value Added Tax (VAT): An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia, 9(4), 277-287.
[35]. Onaolapo, A. A., Aworemi, R. J., & Ajala, O. A. (2013). Assessment of value added tax and its effects on revenue generation in Nigeria. Internal Journal of Business and Social Science. 4(1), 220-225.
[36]. Onwuchekwa, J. C. and Aruwa, A. S. (2014). Value Added Tax and Economic Growth in Nigeria European Journal of Accounting Auditing and Finance Research, 2(8), 62-69.
[37]. Owolabi, S. A. and Okwu, A. T. (2011). Empirical Evaluation of Contribution of Value Added Tax to Development of Lagos State Economy, Middle Eastern Finance and Economics, European Journals Publishing, 9, assessed from http:www.eurojournals.com/MEFE.htm on October 4, 2014.
[38]. Punch News Paper of March 8, 2017.
[39]. Romer, P. M. (1990). Endogenous Technological Change. The Journal of Political Economy, 98(5), 71-102.
[40]. Romer, P. M. (1986). Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth. The Journal of Political Economy. 94(5), 1002-1037.
[41]. Solow, R. M. (1956). A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70, 65-94.
[42]. Todaro, M. P. and Smith, S. C. (2011). Economic Development. Eleventh Edition. Pearson Education Limited, Edinburg. Grate, Harlaw, England.
[43]. Umo, J. U. (2012). Economics: An African Perspective. Millennium Text Publishers Limited Plot 6B, Block 22, Humanities Road, Unilag Estate, Magodo, Isheri Lagos Nigeria.
[44]. Unegbu, A. O. & Irefin, D. (2011). Impact of VAT on Economic Development of Emerging Nations. Journal of Economics and International Finance, 3(8), 492-503.
[45]. Vanguard Newspaper of January 8, 2017.

INIMINO, Edet Etim, OTUBU, Osaretin Paul, AKPAN, James Essien “Value Added Tax and Economic Growth in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.211-219 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/211-219.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Nexus between Internet Penetration and Financial Inclusion in Nigeria

Michael Chukwunaekwu Nwafor – October 2018 Page No.: 220-226

This study examined the relationship between internet penetration and financial inclusion in Nigeria. Frequencies, percentages and tables were used to present data while obtained data was tested for empirical evidence using Two-staged regression analysis in E-views 10. Findings revealed that internet penetration has significant impact on financial inclusion in Nigeria within the period under review. It was recommended that there is need for the adoption of highly internet based transactional policies that will ensure that the financially excluded is reached easily.

Page(s): 220-226                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 November 2018

 Michael Chukwunaekwu Nwafor
Department of Accounting and Finance, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria

[1]. Aker , J., & Mbiti , I. (2010). Mobile phones and economic development in Africa. J Econ Perspect , 207–232.
[2]. Andrianaivo , M., & Kpodar , K. (2012). Mobile phones, financial inclusion, and growth. Review of Economics and Institutions.
[3]. Andrianaivo,, M., & Kpodar, K. (2012). Mobile phones, financial inclusion, and growth. Review of Economics and Institutions , 3(2), 30.
[4]. Bank, W. (2018). World Bank Projects 2.5% Growth for Nigeria in 2018. BUSINESS & ECONOMY COVER NEWSLETTER.
[5]. Beck, T., & Brown , M. (2011). ). Use of banking services in emerging marketshousehold-level evidence. CEPR Discussion Papers 8475.
[6]. Diniz, E., Birochi , R., & Pozzebon, M. (2012). Triggers and barriers to financial inclusion: The use of ICT-based branchless banking in an Amazon county. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 484-494.
[7]. GPFI. (2016). High-level principles for digital financial inclusion. : https://www.gpfi.org/sites/default/files/G20%20High%20Level% 20Principles%20for%20Digital%20Financial%20Inclusion.pdf.
[8]. India, R. B. (2015). Report of the Committee on Medium-term Path on Financial Inclusion.
[9]. Kpodar, K., & Andrianaivo, M. (2011). ICT, financial inclusion, and growth evidence from African countries. . USA. International Monetary Fund.
[10]. Kumar , N. (2011). Financial Inclusion and its determinants: Evidence from the state level empirical analysis in India. India: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai.
[11]. Mago , S., & Chitokwindo , S. (2014). The impact of mobile banking on financial inclusion in Zimbabwe: a case for Masvingo Province. 5(9):. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 221.
[12]. Manyika, J. L. (2016). Digital finance for all: Powering inclusive growth in emerging economies. McKinsey Global Institute USA.
[13]. Nations, U. (2016). Digital financial inclusion. international telecommunication union (itu), issue brief series, inter-agency task force on financing for development. : http://www.un.org/esa/ ffd/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Digital-Financial-Inclusion_ITU_IATFIssue-Brief.pdf.
[14]. Norton, S. (1992). Transaction costs, telecommunications, and the microeconomics of macroeconomic growth. Economic Development and Cultural Change Journal, 41(1), 175-196.
[15]. Ouma , S. A., Odongo , T. M., & Were , M. (2017). Mobile financial services and financial inclusion: is it a boon for savings mobilization? Review of Development Finance, 29–35.
[16]. Sarma , M., & Pais , J. (2011). Financial inclusion and development. 613–628.
[17]. Sreedevi , V., & Meena , K. (2011). ICT and financial inclusion. . International Journal of BusinessManagement, Economics and Information Technology , 331–334.
[18]. Summit, G. (2013). G20 Leaders’ Declaration. September,. St Petersburg, Russia: http://www.g20.utoronto.ca/2013/2013-0906-declaration. html. .
[19]. Tatjana, V. (2016). Commercial Banks and Fintech Companies in the Digital Transformation: Challenges for the Future. Journal of Business Management, 26.
[20]. Thulani M, C. P. (2014). Mobile money as a strategy for financial inclusion in rural communities. Mediterranean Journal of Social , 216–224.

Michael Chukwunaekwu Nwafor “Nexus between Internet Penetration and Financial Inclusion in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.220-226 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/220-226.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Contribution of Selected Social Factors to Relapse among Recovering Alcoholics in Asumbi and Jorgs Ark Rehabilitation Centres, Kenya

Kositany Conrad – October 2018 Page No.: 227-230

Drug abuse is a major global problem and in Kenya there has been increasing alcohol and drug abuse with serious negative effects. Treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholism is expensive and in many cases non-conclusive. Deaths from alcoholism are also a major loss to families and to society. This study sought to find out the contribution of selected social factors to relapse among recovering alcoholics of Asumbi and Jorgs Ark rehabilitation centres in Kenya. This study adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study comprised of 93 relapsed alcoholics and rehabilitation counsellors in Asumbi and Jorgs Ark rehabilitation centres in Kenya. A sample of 67 recovering alcoholics and 13 counsellors was drawn from the two purposively selected rehabilitation centres and used in the study. The instruments for data collection were questionnaires. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings of this study indicated that the selected social factor that mostly contributed to relapse was hanging around alcoholic friends.

Page(s): 227-230                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 November 2018

 Kositany Conrad
University of Kabianga, Department of Education, Administration Planning & Management and Psychology & Foundations P. O. Box 2030-20200, Kericho, Kenya

[1]. Antoine, P., Christophe, V., & Nandrino, J. (2009). Crossed evaluations of temptation to drink, strain and adjustment in couples with alcohol problems. Journal of Health Psychology, 14(8), 1156-1162.
[2]. Arteaga, I., Chen, C.C. & Reynolds, A.J. (2010), Substance Children abuse and Youth Services Review, 32, pp. 1108-1120.
[3]. Bandura, A. (1977). Self Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavior Change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.
[4]. Barlow, J. (2000). Responses to support groups for family caregivers in schizophrenia: Who benefits from what? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 7(3), 103–110.
[5]. Brown, G.G., & Tapert, S.F. (2004).Neural response to alcohol stimuli in adolescents with alcohol use disorder, Archives of General Psychiatry, 60 (7), 727-735.
[6]. Buhringer, G. (2000). Testing CBT mechanisms of action: Humans behave in a more complex way than our treatment studies would predict.Addiction Journal, 95, 1715-1716.
[7]. Copello, A.G., Velleman, R.D., & Templeton, L. J. (2005).Family interventions in the treatment of alcohol and drug problems.Drug Alcohol Review, 24(4), 369–385.
[8]. Deveau, C. S., Tengia, L., Mutua, C., Njoroge, S., Dajoh, L., & Singer, B. (2010). Utilization of community-based outpatient addiction treatment programmes in Kenya. African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, 9(2), 62-70.
[9]. Emmite, D. and Swierzewski, S.J.(2008) Risk Factors and causes of Alcohol Abuse. Retrieved on 7th July 2010 from http;//www.mentalhealthchannel.net
[10]. Gmel, G., Rehm, J., and K, E.N. (2003).Binge Drinking in Europe: Definitions, Epidemiology and Consequences, Sucht, 49(2): 105-116.
[11]. Halikas J. A., Herzog M. A., Mirassou M. M., and Lyttle M. D., (1981).Psychiatric diagnosis among female alcoholics,” in Currentsin Alcoholism, G. Galanter, Ed., vol. 8, pp. 281–291, Grune & Stratton, New York, NY, USA.
[12]. Hunter-Reel, D., McCrady, B., & Hildebrandt, T. (2009).Emphasizing interpersonal factors: An extension of the Witkiewitz and Marlatt relapse model. Addiction, 104(8), 1281-1290.
[13]. Ibrahim, F. & Kumar, N. (2009).Factors Effecting Drug Relapse in Malaysia: An Empirical Evidence. Asian Social Science, 5(12):37-43.
[14]. Jellinek, E. M. (1969) The Disease Concept of Alcoholism. New Haven, Conn.College and University Press; New Brunswick, N.J.: Hillhouse Press
[15]. Kuria M. W., Ndetei D. M., Obot, I. S., Khasakhala L., Bagaka B. M., Mbugua M. N., &Kamau J., (2012). The Association between Alcohol Dependence and Depression before and after Treatment for Alcohol Dependence. International Scholarly Research Network. Psychiatry.Vol. 2012. Article ID.482802.
[16]. Lader, M. (1995).Anxiolytic drugs: Dependence, addiction and abuse. European,Hillhouse Press, New York.
[17]. Marlatt, G. A. (1996). Lest taxonomy become taxidermy: A comment on the relapse replication and extension project. Addiction Journal, 91, 147-153.
[18]. Marlatt, G.A. & George, W.H. 1984.Relapse Prevention: Introduction and Overview of the Model. British Journal of Addiction, 79:261-273.
[19]. Moos, R.(2007). Theory-based processes that promote remission of substance use disorders. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 537-551.
[20]. National Campaign Against Drug Abuse Authority (NACADA) National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Workshop 2011 Report.
[21]. Rasmussen, S. (2000). Addiction Treatment: Theory and Practice. Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publication, Inc.
[22]. Saatcioglu, O., Erim, R., & Cakmak, D. (2006).Role of Family in alcohol and substance abuse. Review Article, Psychiatry and Neurosciences, 60(2), 125-132.
[23]. Templeton, L., Velleman, R., & Russell, C. (2010). Psychological interventions with families of alcohol misusers: A systematic review. Addiction Researchand Theory, 18(6), 616-648.
[24]. UNODC. (2006). Demand Reduction Training Manual: Practical Guides for Effective Interventions in Drug Abuse Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation in Africa. May, 2006. Published by United Nations.
[25]. Witkiewitz, K. &Marlatt, G. A. (2004).Relapse prevention for alcohol and drug problems.American Psychologist, 59(4), 224-235.
[26]. World Health Organisation, WHO (2011) World Health Report, Geneva.

Kositany Conrad “Contribution of Selected Social Factors to Relapse among Recovering Alcoholics in Asumbi and Jorgs Ark Rehabilitation Centres, Kenya” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.227-230 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/227-230.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Assessing Eating Disorder and Stress amongst Dancers: Case Study in Malaysia

Zulaikha M.Z., Lukman Z.M., Bukhari W.M.B, Nurun Saadah S, Kamal M.Y. – October 2018 Page No.: 231-235

Art industries related with creativity and beauty. However, it affects the person mentally and physically especially among dancers. Eating disorder and stress is not a new issue among dancer but often becomes a hot issue among scholars and practitioners. Hence, in this research, it is important to identify the relationship between stress and eating disorder among dancer in Malaysia. 157 dancers involved in this study quantitatively in which using survey as a main technique. In analyzing information obtained, descriptive and Pearson Correlation Coefficient has been chosen. As a result, the connection between eating disorder and stress among dancer is high. It can be concluded that 157 dancers need to seek help from dietitian and psychiatrist to help them improving their nutrition and good mental health.

Page(s): 231-235                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 November 2018

 Zulaikha M.Z.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300, Terengganu, Malaysia.

 Lukman Z.M.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300, Terengganu, Malaysia.

 Bukhari W.M.B
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300, Terengganu, Malaysia.

 Nurun Saadah S
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300, Terengganu, Malaysia.

 Kamal M.Y.
Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, 20300, Terengganu, Malaysia.

[1]. Anderson JL, Halperin JL, Albert NM, et al. (2013) Management of patients with atrial fibrillation (compilation of 2006 accf/aha/esc and 2011 accf/aha/hrs recommendations): A report of the american college of cardiology/american heart association task force on practice guidelines. Circulation, 127(18), 1916-1926.
[2]. Allison KC, Crow SJ, Reeves RR, et al. (2007). Binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome in adults with type 2 diabetes. Obesity (Silver Spring), 15(5), 1287-1293.
[3]. Ebneter DS, Latner JD. (2013). Stigmatizing attitudes differ across mental health disorders: A comparison of stigma across eating disorders, obesity, and major depressive disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis., 201(4), 281-285.
[4]. Davids CM, Green MA. (2011). A Preliminary Investigation of Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorder Symptomatology with Bisexual Individuals. Sex Roles, 65(7), 533-547.
[5]. Boone L, Soenens B, Vansteenkiste M, Braet C. (2012). Is there a perfectionist in each of us? An experimental study on perfectionism and eating disorder symptoms. Appetite, 59(2), 531-540.
[6]. Podfigurna-Stopa A, Czyzyk A, Katulski K, et al. (2015). Eating disorders in older women. Maturitas, 82(2), 146-152.
[7]. Hilbert A, Bishop ME, Stein RI, et al. (2012). Long-term efficacy of psychological treatments for binge eating disorder. Br J Psychiatry, 200(3), 232-237.
[8]. Eisenberg D, Nicklett EJ, Roeder K, Kirz NE. (2011). Eating disorder symptoms among college students: Prevalence, persistence, correlates, and treatment-seeking. J Am Coll Heal, 59(8), 700-707.
[9]. Hudson JI, Hiripi E, Pope HG, Kessler RC. (2007). The Prevalence and Correlates of Eating Disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biol Psychiatry, 61(3), 348-358.
[10]. Brown AJ, Smith LT, Craighead LW. (2010). Appetite awareness as a mediator in an eating disorders prevention program. Eat Disord., 18(4), 286-301.
[11]. Islam MA, Fagundo AB, Arcelus J, et al. (2015). Olfaction in eating disorders and abnormal eating behavior: a systematic review. Front Psychol., 6.
[12]. Dennard EE, Richards CS. (2013). Depression and coping in subthreshold eating disorders. Eat Behav., 14(3), 325-329.
[13]. Anestis MD, Fink EL, Smith AR, Selby EA, Joiner TE. (2011). Eating disorders. Distress Toler Theory, Res Clin Appl., 245-260.
[14]. Striegel-Moore RH, Rosselli F, Perrin N, et al. (2009). Gender difference in the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms. Int J Eat Disord., 42(5), 471-474.
[15]. Luo J, Forbush KT, Williamson JA, Markon KE, Pollack LO. (2013). How specific are the relationships between eating disorder behaviors and perfectionism? Eat Behav., 14(3), 291-924.
[16]. Gilboa-Schechtman E, Avnon L, Zubery E, Jeczmien P. (2006). Emotional processing in eating disorders: Specific impairment or general distress related deficiency? Depress Anxiety, 23(6), 331-339.
[17]. Eating N, Publications D, Response AI, et al. (2012). Eating Disorders A Current Affair. Natl Eat Disord Publ., 20.
[18]. Alton I. (2005). Eating Disorders. Guidel Adolesc Nutr Serv., 137-154.
[19]. Arcelus J, Witcomb GL, Mitchell A. (2014). Prevalence of eating disorders amongst dancers: A systemic review and meta-analysis. Eur Eat Disord Rev., 22(2), 92-101.
[20]. Van Durme K, Goossens L, Braet C. (2012). Adolescent aesthetic athletes: A group at risk for eating pathology? Eat Behav., 13(2), 119-122.
[21]. Heiland TL, Murray DS, Edley PP. (2008). Body image of dancers in Los Angeles: the cult of slenderness and media influence among dance students. Res Danc Educ., 9(3), 257-275.
[22]. Whiteside B, Kelly J. (2016). The presentation of self in the classical ballet class: dancing with Erving Goffman. Res Danc Educ., 17(1), 14-27.
[23]. McVey GL, Lieberman M, Voorberg N, Wardrope D, Blackmore E, Tweed S. (2003). Replication of a peer support program designed to prevent disordered eating: Is a life skills approach sufficient for all middle school student? Eat Disord., 11(3), 187-195.
[24]. Borda Mas M, Del Rio Sanchez C, Torres Perez I, Avargues Navarro ML, Perez San Gregorio MA. (2009). Prevention of eating disorders in pre-adolescents girls: Effectiveness of a multi-session interactive program at one year follow-up. Prev los Trastor la Conduct Aliment en chicas preadolescentes Efic un programa multisesion e Interact en el Seguim a un ano, 17(3), 499-521.
[25]. Notarnicola A, Maccagnano G, Pesce V, Pierro S Di, Tafuri S, Moretti B. (2014). Effect of teaching with or without mirror on balance in young female ballet students. BMC Res Notes, 7(1).
[26]. Shukla M, Agarwal M, Singh J, Tripathi A, Srivastava A, Singh V. (2016). Stress: Definition and History. Indian J Community Med., 41(1), 55.
[27]. Beehr TA, Grebner SI. (2009). When stress is less (harmful). In: Handbook of Managerial Behavior and Occupational Health., 20-34.
[28]. Osagie RO, Ehiametalor ET. (2011). Management and Student Stress During Examination. Natl Teach Educ J., 4(3), 5-8.
[29]. Klainberg M, Ewing B, Ryan M. (2011). Reducing Stress on a College Campus and student stress. J New York Stote Nurses Assoc., 4-7.
[30]. Motzer SA, Hertig V. (2003). Stress, stress response, and health. Nurs Clin North Am, 39(1), 1-17.
[31]. Goedhard RG, Goedhard WJA. (2005). Work ability and perceived work stress. Int Congr Ser., 1280, 79-83.
[32]. Shah S, Weiss DS, Burchette RJ. (2012). Injuries in professional modern dancers: incidence, risk factors, and management. J Dance Med Sci., 16(1), 17-25.
[33]. Trentacosta N, Sugimoto D, Micheli LJ. (2017). Hip and Groin Injuries in Dancers: A Systematic Review. Sports Health, 9(5), 422-427.
[34]. Bowerman EA, Whatman C, Harris N, Bradshaw E. (2015). A review of the risk factors for lower extremity overuse injuries in young elite female ballet dancers. J Danc Med & Sci Off Publ Int Assoc Danc Med & Sci., 19(2).
[35]. Jacobs CL, Cassidy JD, Côté P, et al. (2016). Musculoskeletal Injury in Professional Dancers: Prevalence and Associated Factors: An International Cross-Sectional Study Setting: Participants were recruited from nine professional ballet and modern dance companies in. Clin J Sport Med., 0, 1-8.
[36]. Krosnick J a., Presser S. (2010). Question and Questionnaire Design.
[37]. Almeida MC, Carvalho DLDB, Rigolino R. (2012). Reliability of a Brazilian version of children’s eating attitude test. Neuropsychiatr Enfance Adolesc., 60(5), S158.
[38]. Ahmadi S, Moloodi R, Zarbaksh MR, Ghaderi A. (2014). Psychometric properties of the eating attitude test-26 for female iranian students. Eat Weight Disord., 19(2), 183-189.
[39]. Alvarenga M dos S, Scagliusi FB, Philippi ST. (2010). Eating Attitudes of Female Brazilian University Students with Eating Disorder Risk Behavior. J Behav Heal e Soc Issues, 2, 47-54.

Zulaikha M.Z., Lukman Z.M., Bukhari W.M.B, Nurun Saadah S, Kamal M.Y. “Assessing Eating Disorder and Stress amongst Dancers: Case Study in Malaysia” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 10, pp.231-235 October 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-10/231-235.pdf

Download PDF

pdf