Contribution of Selected Social Factors to Relapse among Recovering Alcoholics in Asumbi and Jorgs Ark Rehabilitation Centres, Kenya.

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue X, October 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Contribution of Selected Social Factors to Relapse among Recovering Alcoholics in Asumbi and Jorgs Ark Rehabilitation Centres, Kenya.

Kositany Conrad

University of Kabianga, Department of Education, Administration Planning & Management and Psychology & Foundations P. O. Box 2030-20200, Kericho, Kenya

Abstract:-Drug abuse is a major global problem and in Kenya there has been increasing alcohol and drug abuse with serious negative effects. Treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholism is expensive and in many cases non-conclusive. Deaths from alcoholism are also a major loss to families and to society. This study sought to find out the contribution of selected social factors to relapse among recovering alcoholics of Asumbi and Jorgs Ark rehabilitation centres in Kenya. This study adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study comprised of 93 relapsed alcoholics and rehabilitation counsellors in Asumbi and Jorgs Ark rehabilitation centres in Kenya. A sample of 67 recovering alcoholics and 13 counsellors was drawn from the two purposively selected rehabilitation centres and used in the study. The instruments for data collection were questionnaires. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings of this study indicated that the selected social factor that mostly contributed to relapse was hanging around alcoholic friends.

Key Words: Social factors, recovering alcoholics, relapse

I. INTRODUCTION

Alcoholism is a disease characterized by the repetitive and compulsive ingestion of alcohol in such a way as to result in interference with some aspect of the interpersonal relationships or other required societal adaptations. In this study relapse refers to going back to drinking after treatment for alcoholism in a rehabilitation center. According to the United Nations Office of Drug Abuse and Crime (UNODC, 2006), drug abuse is increasing and causes adverse social, health and economic implications. World Health Organization’s global status report on alcohol and health published in 2011 indicates that hazardous and harmful use of alcohol is a major contributing factor to disease, injury and death. It affects the alcoholic negatively with effects such as alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries. It also affects other people by accidents caused by drunk drivers and violence. There is evidence that 2.5 million people die yearly due to alcoholism (WHO, 2011).

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