Problems of School Management and Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue X, October 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Problems of School Management and Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria

Owan Valentine Joseph1,*, Nwannunu Blessing Iheoma2, and Madukwe Esther Chijioke3

1,2,3 Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
*Corresponding author

Abstract:-This study investigated problems of school management and secondary school students’ academic performance in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. Proportionate stratified sampling technique was employed in selecting a sample of 3616 students out of the population of 18, 078 students. “Problems of School Management Questionnaire (PSMQ),” and Senior Secondary Mathematics Achievement Test (SSMAT) were the instruments designed by the researcher, were used for data collection. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics; while the null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance using population t-test and multiple regression analyses where applicable. Microsoft Excel 2016 spreadsheet program was used in the analysis of data. Findings from the study revealed among others that; secondary school students’ academic performance in Calabar Education zone is significantly high, disciplinary control, classroom management, and teachers’ motivation significantly influence secondary school students’ academic performance respectively. Based on these results, conclusions were drawn and recommendations were made.

Keywords: Problems, Management, School Management, Secondary School, Students, Academic Performance.

I. INTRODUCTION

The basic requirement for effective school administration is inherent in the ability of the principal to positively influence teachers, students and other members in the society in the realization of educational goals. The role of the school manager (who is often referred to as the principal in Nigeria secondary school system) equally includes being able to translate educational policies into programmes and actions in the school. The success or failure of the school depends to a large extent in his ability and capacity to affect desired educational goals.

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