A thick sedimentary succession belonging to Surma Group (Miocene) is well exposed along the road section (NH-37) in and around Nungba, Tamenglong district, Western Manipur. The Surma sediments have been analyzed for their heavy mineral suite following heavy liquid separation technique. The research result reveals the dominance of transparent varieties over the opaques. The diagnostic non-opaque variety includes Zircon, Tourmaline, Rutile, Garnet, Phlogopite, Sphene, Scapolite, Humite, Glauconite, Glaucophane, Wollastonite, Sillimanite, Staurolite, Chlorite, Chloritoid, Chondrodite and Hedenbergite. The heavy minerals suite is characterised by the presence Euhedral, Anhedral as well as Rounded to Sub-rounded varieties indicating a mixed provenance for the Surma sedimentation. Among the opaque variety iron-oxide is most abundant. The value for ZTR Index has been calculated to be 40.4 indicating a mineralogically an overall submature for Surma sediments.
- Page(s): 01-09
- Date of Publication: 31 March 2017
- A. SangeetaDepartment of Earth Science, Assam University, Silchar – 788011, India.
- N. PandeyDepartment of Earth Science, Assam University, Silchar – 788011, India.
. Brunnschweiler, R.O (1974) . Indo -burman ranges. Geol Soc Lond Spl Pub 4, 279–299. . Evans, P (1932) . Tertiary Succession in Assam. Trans. Min. Geol. Inst. India, v.27. . Evans, P (1986) . Tertiary succession in Assam. Trans. Min. Geol. Inst. India, 37, 155-188. . Evans, P (1964). The tectonic framework of Assam. Jour. Geol. Soc. India Vol.5, 80-96. . Eynatten, H (2004). Statistical modelling of compositional trends in sediments. Sedimentary Geology 171, 79-89. . Folk, R.L (1980) . Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks. Hamphill’s, Austin, Texas, pp. 182. . Hubert, J.F (1962) . A zircon-tourmaline-rutile maturity index and independence of composition of heavy mineral assemblages with gross composition and texture of sandstone. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 32, 440-450. . Chandra M, Kundal P & Kushwaha R.A.S (2010). Ichnology of Bhuban and Boka Bil Formations,Oligocene-Miocene Deposits of Manipur Western Hill,Northeast India.GSI.Vol.76, 573-586. . Mathur, L.P. and Evans, P (1964). Oil in India Proc. 2nd International Geol.Congress, New Delhi, India,pp. 1-85. . Middleton et al. (2003). Encyclopedia of Sediments and Sedimentary rocks. Springer, pp. 821. . Morton, A.C (1987) . Stability of detrital heavy minerals in Tertiary sandstone from North sea basin. Clay Minerals, v.19, 287-308. . Nandy, D.R (1983) . The Eastern Himalaya and the Indo-Burman Orogen in relation to the India plate movement. Geol. Surv. Ind. Misc. Pub. No 41(3). 153-159. . Oldham, R. D (1883) . Report on the Geology of Manipur State and Naga Hills. Men. Geol Survey of India. Vol. XIX part IV. . Pettijohn F. J, Potter P. E & Siever R (1987). Sand And Sandstones, second version. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 553. . Kushwaha R. A. S. & Chandra M (2008). Ichnofossils from the Eocene – Oligocene Deposits between Bijang and Tupul, Manipur, India, Jour. Indian Association of Sedimentologists, Vol. 27, No.1. 35-44. . Sengupta S, Ray K.K, Acharyya S.K & De- smith, J.B (1990) . Nature of Ophiolite occurrence along the eastern margin of Indian plate and their tectonic significance. Geology, Vol. 18, 439-442. . Siever R (1988) . Sand Scientific American Library, New York, pp 237. . Soibam I (1998). On the geology of Manipur. In: Proceedings of 9th Manipur science congress, Imphal, pp 12–19 . Weltje G.J (2004) . A quantitative approach to capturing the compositional variability of modern sands. Sedimentary Geology 171, 59-77
A. Sangeeta, N. Pandey "Heavy Mineral Analysis and Provenance Studies of Surma Sediments in and Around Nungba, Tamenlong District, Manipur, Northeast India" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.2 issue 3, pp.01-09 2017
This paper reviews the importance of composite structure in construction of high rise buildings. Here there is basic comparison between the commonly used construction materials i.e. steel and concrete. The significance of each of this material in construction field has been briefly discussed. also, some important characteristics of each material is explained.
- Page(s): 10-13
- Date of Publication: 31 March 2017
- Maitri N. PatelCivil Engineering Department, A. D. Patel Institute of Technology, Anand, Gujarat, India
- Niralee R. SatasiyaCivil Engineering Department, A. D. Patel Institute of Technology, Anand, Gujarat, India
- Kumarpal R. TrivediCivil Engineering Department, A. D. Patel Institute of Technology, Anand, Gujarat, India
 Ali Sherif S. Rizk. Structural design of reinforced concrete tall buildings. . Owen Martin, Connell Mott MacDonald Advance in structural design of high rise residential building in Australia. . www.buildings.com . www.ctbuh.org/ . (Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat)
Maitri N. Patel, Niralee R. Satasiya, Kumarpal R. Trivedi "Important Characteristics and Behavioral Impact of Materials to Be Used in Tall Structures: An Overview" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.2 issue 3, pp.10-13 2017
Fire Safety is one of the important parameter in modern design philosophy. Effect of fire on structural elements made up of concrete and steel are quite different and is mostly considered as secondary effects. Both most widely used structural materials concrete and steel shows different response when subjected to fire of constant temperature. Thus detailed study on effect of fire on structural materials like concrete and steel under different loading conditions, exposure conditions and cooling methodology is essential. In the present study effect of fire on concrete cubes subjected to different loading conditions and cooling conditions are studied experimentally. Apart efficacy of protective coating made up of piezoelectric powder with structural epoxy for structural steel material subjected to temperature exposure is also explored. It has been found that, compressive strength of concrete cube reduces significantly when preloaded with load irrespective of types of cooling methods.
- Page(s): 14-18
- Date of Publication: 31 March 2017
- Siddharth ShahUG Student, Institute of Technology, Nirma University (Ahmedabad), India.
- Kashish SonpalUG Student, Institute of Technology, Nirma University (Ahmedabad), India.
- Vardhan GargUG Student, Institute of Technology, Nirma University (Ahmedabad), India.
- Yash KulshreshthaUG Student, Institute of Technology, Nirma University (Ahmedabad), India.
. Jong-Pil Won. , Soo-Hwan Kim. , Su-Jin Lee. , Se Jin Cho, “Shrinkage and durability characteristics of eco-friendly fireproof high-strength concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, 40 (2013): 753–762. . Jong-Pil Won. , Hee-Byoung Kang. , Su-Jin Lee. , Joo-Won Kang, “Eco-friendly fireproof high-strength polymer cementitious composites”, Construction and Building Materials, 30 (2012): 406–412. . Se Jin Choi. , Soo-Hwan Kim. , Su-Jin Lee. , Rosa Won., Jong-Pil Won. ,” Mix proportion of eco-friendly fireproof high-strength concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, 38 (2013): 181–187. . Young-Sun Heo. , Jay G. Sanjayan , Cheon-Goo Han , Min-Cheol Han, “Synergistic effect of combined fibers for spalling protection of concrete in fire”, Cement and Concrete Research, 40 (2010): 1547–1554. . F. Walda, L. Simo es da Silva, D.B. Moore, T. Lennon, L. Borges, M. Benes, “Experimental behaviour of a steel structure under natural fire”, Fire Safety Journal, 41 (2006): 509–522. . Venkatesh Kodur, “Properties of Concrete at Elevated Temperatures”, Received 18 September 2013; Accepted 16 January 2014; Published 13 March 2014. . Institute for Steel Development & Growth (INSDAG), “Guide Book on Fire Protection of Steel Structures”, INS/PUB/70, April 2004 . Fire Resistant Test Of Structures IS 3809-1979. . Standard Test Method for Fire Test of Building Construction and Materials, ASTM E119. . Guide For Determining Fire Endurance Of Concrete Elements, ACI 216.
Siddharth Shah, Kashish Sonpal, Vardhan Garg, Yash Kulshreshtha "Study of Fire on Structural Materials and Its Protection" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.2 issue 3, pp.14-18 2017
The comparative analysis of the rectangular and circular patch antenna parameters is presented in this paper. To make it acceptable for various wireless applications the selected bandwidth is 10 GHz. HFSS is a software development tool which is used for design and the study of the performance of the presented antennas. The study gives the idea that the rectangular patch antenna exhibits higher return loss than the return loss of circular patch antenna whereas the rectangular patch antenna has an improved VSWR value of 1.18 than that of the circular patch with VSWR 1.27. Also the circular patch antenna offers about 8% higher radio bandwidth and nearly 2.0dB less side lobe power than that of the rectangular patch antenna. With rise in the dielectric constant of the substrate material there is a diminish structure of the patch antenna which leads to an accommodation in bandwidth, impedance and efficiency of the antenna. The simulated antennas are used in the field of 3G communications due to the resonance frequency. The delineate study about the dimensions such as width, length, feed point location, ground dimension for each patch antenna of different dielectric material are calculated and compared and the result shows about the contrastive analysis of different patch antenna performance parameter like VSWR, Reflection coefficient, Bandwidth, Impedance, Mismatch loss, Directivity, Gain and Field are analysed and compared. The paper includes the detailed analysis of various tables, graphs.
- Page(s): 19-22
- Date of Publication: 31 March 2017
- Sonalika SatapathyMSc Student, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India
- Harish Chandra MohantaECE Dept, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India
. T.F.A. Nayna,A.K.M. Baki,”Comparative study of rectangular and circular microstrip antennas in X-band,”International Conference on ICEEICT,April 2014. . Ripin, N., Awang, R.A., Sulaiman, A.A., Baba, N.H., “Rectangular microstrip patch antenna with EBG structure”, IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCORD), December 2012. . Alabidi, Ebrahim Sailan, Kamarudin, M.R., Rahman, T.A., Iddi,Hashimu Uledi, Jamlos, M.F., “Dual-band circular patch antenna for wideband application”, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI) ,July 2013. . Chen, Jianling, Tong, Kin-Fai, Wang, Junhong, “A triple band arcshaped slot patch antenna for UAV GPS/Wi-Fi applications”,Proceedings of the International Symposium on Antennas & Propagation (ISAP), Volume 01, October 2013. . Xuehui Li, Xueshi Ren, Yingzeng Yin, Lu Chen, Zedong Wang, “A wideband twin-diamond-shaped circularly polarized patch antenna with gap-coupled feed”, Progress in Electromagnetics Research, Volume 139, April 2013. . Chang, L.-H., Lai, W.-C., Cheng, J.-C., Hsue, C.-W., “A symmetrical reconfigurable multiploidization circular patch antenna”, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Volume 13, January 2014. . O. Dundar, D. Uzer, S. S. Gultekin, M. Bayrak, “Effects of microstrip feed line width on 1×4 rectangular microstrip antenna array electrical parameters and estimation with artificial neural networks”, Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings, March 2012. . Gautam, A.K., Yadav, S., Kanaujia, B.K., “CPW-fed compact UWB microstrip antenna”, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters,Volume 12, 2013. . A.R. Karade and P.L. Zade,”A miniaturized rectangular microstrip patch antenna using SSRR for WLAN applications,”IEEE ICCSP conference, April 2015. . S. Maddio,”A compact circularly polarized antenna for 5.8 GHz Intelligent Transportation System,”IEEE Antennas and Wireless Prog. Lett.,vol. 16,pp. 533-536,2017.
Sonalika Satapathy, Harish Chandra Mohanta "Contrastive Parametric Analysis of Rectangular and Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna " International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.2 issue 3, pp.19-22 2017