This Study presents the effect of different parameters that effect the production of biodiesel from used sunflower oil and the optimum conditions using potassium hydroxide as a catalyst. Each biodiesel production (transesterification) run was repeatedthree times. The optimization parameters such as oil to methanol ratio (1:03 to 1:10), potassium hydroxide concentration (0.25 to 2.0 wt %), time duration (15 to 120 min), and temperature ranging from 35 to 70oC were determined. The optimum parameters were found to be 1 wt % of potassium hydroxide, 1:07 oil to methanol ratio, 600C temperature,90 minutes of the reaction time and highest yield of biodiesel obtained was 95 %.
- Page(s): 01-04
- Date of Publication: 20 September 2017
- Manisha MahataleDepartment of Chemistry, Janata College, Chandrapur 442402.India
- Sushil KapoorDepartment of Chemistry, Arts, Commerce and Science College TukumChandrapur. India
- Dilip PatilDepartment of Chemistry, Institute of Science College,Nagpur, 440001. India
. Varese, R, Varese, M, Methyl ester biodiesel; opportunity of necessity?, Int. News Fats, oils Relat. Mater, (1996),7(6), 816. . Bujaje, I.M., Renewable energy for sustainable development in Africa:a Review. Renewable and sustainable energy review, (2006),10(6),603-612 . Bujaje I.M. and Mohammed I.A., Biofuel production for transpo sector in Nigeria. International Journal of Development studies; (2008) vol.3, No.2 ,36-39. . Canacki, M. The potential of Restaurant waste lipids as biodiesel feedstock, Biores. Techno.,(2007), 98, 183-190. . Connemann, J. and Fiseher J. , Biodiesel in Europe; Biodiesel processing technologies. Int. Liquid Biofuels congress, Brazil; (1998), 1-16. . Encinor J.M., Gonzalee J.F. and Rodriguez-Reinares A. Biodiesel from used frying oil; Variables affecting the yield and characteristics of the biodiesel, Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res.,(2005),44, 5491-5499. . Felieardo P; correia M.J., Raposo I., Mendes J.F., Berkeme R. and Bordado J.M., production of biodiesel from waste frying oils, waste Manage, (2006),265, 487-494. . ChemG.,Ying M. and Li W., Enzymatic conversion of waste frying oils into alternative fuel-biodiesel, Appli. Biochemis. Biotechno ;(2006), 129-132, 911-921. . Dorado M.P., Ballesteros, E; Mittelbach, M., Lopez, F.J., Kinetic parameters affecting the alkali-catalyzed transesterification process used olive oil, Energy Fuels;(2004), 18, 1457-1462. . SinhaShailendra, Agrawal Kumar Avinash and GargSanjeev; Biodiesel development from rice bran oil: transesterification process optimization and fuel characterization. Energy conversion and Management;(2008), 49, 1248-1257. . IssariyakulTitipong and Dalai K. Ajay., Biodiesel production from greenseed canola oil, Energy fuels;(2010), 24, 4652-4658. . Giovanilton F. silva, Fernando L. Camargo, Andrea L.O. Ferreira., Application of response surface methodology for optimization of biodiesel production by transesterification of soyabean oil with ethanol. Fuel processing technology;(2011), 92, 407-413. . Yusup S. and Khan M.A., Base catalyzed transesterification of acid trated vegetable oil blend for biodiesel produce Biomass Bioener;(2010), 34, 1500-1504. . Ramezaxi K., Rowshanzamir S and Eikani M.H., casto oil transesterification reaction: A kinetic study and optimization of parameters, Energy;(2010), 35, 4142-414. . Antolin G., Tinaut F.V., Briceno Y., castano V., Perez, C and Ramirez., A.I., optimization of Biodiesel production by sunflower oil transesterification, Bioresource Techno ;(2002), 83, 111-114. . Wu X. and Leung D.Y.C., optimization of biodiesel production from camelina oil using orthogonal experiment Applied Energy;(2011), 88, 3615-3624. . Phodke M.S., quality Engineering using robust design, 1st Low price edition, pearson education; (2008) . Bagachi T.P., Taguchi method explained: practical steps to robust design, prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi ;(1993). . Md. Abdul Wakil, Z.U. Ahmed, Md. HasiburRehman, Md. Arifuzaman; Study on fuel properties of various vegitable oils available in Bangladesh and biodiesel production; International Journal of mechanical engineering, (2012), 2(05), 10-17. . Eman N. Ali, cadence Isis Tay. Characterization of biodiesel produced from palm oil via base catalyzed transesterificationprocediaengineering ; (2013), 53, 7-12. . MadhuchandaBanergee, Binita Day, JayantaTalukdar, Mohan Chandra Kalita; production of biodiesel from sunflower oil using highly catalytic bimetallic gold-silver core shell nanopartic Energy, (2014), 30, 1-5. . RuampornMikhom, chalcrilTongurai; production development of ethyl ester biodiesel from palm oil using continuous deglycerization process, Fuel, (2014), 117, 926-931. . Bello E.I., A. Makanju; production, characterization and evaluation of caster oil biodiesel as alternative fuel for diesel engines; Emerging trends in engineering and Applied science, (2011), 2, 525-530. . Deshpande D.P., Yurunkar Y.D., Thakare P.D., production of biodiesel from caster oil using acid and base catalyst., Research Journal of chemical sciences, (2012), 2, 51-56. . Widayat, Agam Duma KalistaWibowo, Hadiyanto; study on produc process of biodiesel from rubber seed (heveabrasiliensia) by in situ (trans) esterification method in acid catalyst., Energy pro. (2013), 32, 64-73. . Hasan Ali Md.,MohummadMasood, RosonozzamanRubel Md., RakibulHussain Ahmed., Biodiesel from neem oil as an alternative fuel for Diesel engine; procedia Engineering, (2013), 56, 625-630. . Hotti R Siddalingappa and Hebbal D. Omprakash, Biodiesel production and fuel properties from non-edible champaka (MicheliaChampaka) seed oil for use in diesel engine, Journal of Thermal Engineering, (2015), 1330-1336. . Bakir T. Emaad, Fadhil B Abdulrahman, production of biodiesel from chicken frying oil, Pak. J. Anal. Environ. Chem., (2011),12,95-101. . Jagdale, S.S.., Jugulkar, L.M., Review of various reaction parameters and other factors affecting on production of chicken Fat based Biodiesel. International Journal of Modern Engineering Reaserch, ( 2012), 2(2), 71-75. . Ogbu, I.M. , and ajiwe V.I.E. , Biodiesel production via esterification of free fatty acids from cucurbitapepo L. seed oil : kinetic studies.(2013), 2 (8), 616-621. . Mathiyazhagan, M., Ganpathi, A., Factor affecting Biodiesel production, Research in plant Biology : Review Article (2011), 1(2), 1-5
Manisha Mahatale, Sushil Kapoor, Dilip Patil "Optimization Study of Biodiesel Production from used Sunflower Oil" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.2 issue 7, pp.01-04 2017
Radiometric techniques have acquired immense importance among all the analytical analysis techniques. They have the edge over other analytical techniques due to the advantages of being adequately accurate, rapid and cost effective with minimum need on sample preparation. Among the various radiometric techniques, Gamma ray spectrometry is one of the most widely applied techniques for identification and quantitative estimation of the radio elements in a variety of matrices. The wide range of applications of gamma ray spectrometry in the field of Radiation monitoring in nuclear facilities, National Security, Geochemical investigation, Health physics, Nuclear medicine, Material research and mineral exploration have made the technique globally popular. The underlying principle is that the energy of gamma photons emitted from radio isotopes is characteristic of individual isotopes. This requires appropriate radiation detector, pulse processing, sorting of pulses with amplitude, display of pulse distribution and interpretation, all included in a single set-up called as gamma ray spectrometer. The technique began with the use of single channel analyzers for sorting pulses and has evolved with the advancement in electronics and detector technology. Today portable gamma ray spectrometers which are very handy to carry for field use with powerful software to directly display the spectrum and also to analyze radio isotopes are quite common. The technique was applied for estimation of Uranium, Thorium and Potassium concentration in the soil and rock samples collected from the area around Mody University, Lakshmangarh.
- Page(s): 05-08
- Date of Publication: 20 September 2017
- Khushboo KhandalM.Tech (Nuclear Science & Technology), Mody University, Rajasthan, India
 Knoll, Glenn F. “Radiation Detection and Measurements,” John Wiley & Sons, 2010.  International Atomic Energy Agency, Analytical Techniques in Uranium Exploration and Ore Processing, Technical Reports Series No. 341, IAEA, Vienna (1992).  International Atomic Energy Agency, Recent developments in uranium exploration, production and environmental issues, AEA-TECDOC-1463 (Sept. 2005).  International Atomic Energy Agency, Airborne Gamma Ray Spectrometer Surveying, Technical Reports Series No. 341, IAEA, Vienna (1991).  Singh, S., Rani, A., & Mahajan, R. K. (2005). “ 226Ra, 232Th and 40K analysis in soil samples from some areas of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, India using gamma ray spectrometry,” Radiation measurements, 39(4), 431-439.
Khushboo Khandal "Gamma Ray Spectrometry for Analysis of Radio Elements with Applications in Uranium Estimation" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.2 issue 7, pp.05-08 2017