In manufacturing industry in production of parts machine tool plays a vital role. Good quality end product depends on condition of the machine. More condition monitoring methods are used to determine condition of the machine like vibration and noise but vibration signal analysis is the best one because by measuring vibration signal majority of machine tool problems can be assessed. Two lathes were selected (PSG A141) for the study one is in good condition (PSG A141A) and other not in a condition (PSG A141B). This work is carried out using shock pulse meter (SPM) to collect vibration level at different operating condition. Then the vibration data is analyzed using statistical tools like Multiple Regression Analysis to check the relationship between vibration level and their parameters, collinearity between dependant and independent variables along with determination of their coefficients. Monte Carlo Simulation in @RISK of palisade, UK is used for effective analysis for the generated regression model. Process Capability and Capability Index method is used to examine the process condition by which we can check whether product is acceptable or not. In this study, the graphical result shows that whether the vibration level is under control or not by specifying suitable upper and lower specification limits. When the process capability and capability index value is more than 1, it means a better quality product or the process is capable of producing acceptable products.
- Page(s): 01-06
- Date of Publication: 17 February 2018
- Manjunath K.SAssistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering Bangalore Technological Institute, Bangalore, India
- Dr. H. N. SureshProfessor & HOD, Department of Automobile Engineering, Dayanand Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, India
. Lokesha , P B Nagaraj , P Dinesh ‘Vibration In Condition Monitoring of A Machine Tool’ Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research and Technology, Volume 2, Number 1 (2014), pp.277-282. . A.D.Jennings and P.R.Drake, ‘Machine Tool Condition Monitoring Using SQC Charts’IJMTM, vol.37, no 9, (1999), pp.1243-1249. . Pratesh Jayaswal, Nidhi Gupta ‘An Investigation of Tool Condition Monitoring’ international journal of engineering science and technology’ Vol. 4 No.08, August 2012, pp.3858-3865. . Samik Raychaudhuri, ‘Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation’, international winter simulation conference,ISBN 978-1-4244-2708, 2008. . Randall W. Blake,an article on ‘Statistical Approach to Machinery Condition Monitoring’, pp.27-45.1992.on IEEE as on 6th April 2015. . https://www.keithbower.com, ‘Process Capability Using Minitab’, as on 5th May 2015. . Dumitrascu Adela-Eliza, Duicu Simona ‘Products Reliability Assessment Using Monte-Carlo Simulation’ IJSED, issue 5, volume 5, 2011. . H.N.Suresh, ‘Reliability Based Degradation Model for Preventive Maintenance of Piping Systems’, P.hd thesis, 2008. . B.K.N.Rao ‘Hand Book of Condition Monitoring’, Comadem International, UK, ISBN-10: 1856172341, 1st edition, december 6th, 1996. . Amit Aherwar, Deepak Unune, Bhargavpathri, Jai Kishan ‘statistical and regression analysis of Vibration of carbon steel cutting tool for Turning of en24 steel’Vol.3, No.3, August 2014, pp.137-151. . www.riskamp.com, ‘What is Monte Carlo Simulation’ as on 10th April 2011
Manjunath K.S, Dr. H. N. Suresh "Product End Quality Assessment using Vibration Analysis Technique", International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.01-06 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/01-06.pdf
Steganography is the art and science of hiding secret data information in other media like digital images. The secret message is hidden in such a way that no one can apart from the sender or the intended recipient view the information. Therefore, different techniques have been proposed so far for. Steganography can be proceeded either in spatial domain of image where the data is hidden in the pixels of the image without any modifications to the image or it can be transformed domain steganography where the image is transformed into the frequency domain before embedding the message. Imperceptibility, Capacity, and Robustness are main characteristics features of any data hiding technique. So far many techniques have been proposed for edge based steganography. And these techniques have been achieved better performances than the conventional techniques of data hiding. But quality of the stego image, data security, and data capacity are still major issues faced by the area. The key objectives of the research are to design a high capacity data embedding algorithm, to propose a block based bit level algorithm to improve the quality of the image, to find the improved imperceptibility, to make the algorithm simple secure and less time consuming. The present work introduces a Block based Steganography Technique which hides the message bits into the edges of color images. In the proposed algorithm, to preserve the quality of the stego image it is preferred to hide the data at the edges because by doing so the visual quality of the image is affected less as compared to the other areas in the image. And the parameters like MSE, PSNR, BER, and CC were calculated to check the imperceptibility of the algorithm. The results were tested using various images of various sizes by embedding the data of different lengths. The smaller values of MSE, high values of PSNR, values closer to zero for BER, and values closer to 1 for CC shows the high imperceptibility of the algorithm. Also due to use of the secret key the proposed algorithm is more secure than the conventional algorithms and an unauthorized person cannot access the secret message without knowledge of the secret key.
- Page(s): 07-11
- Date of Publication: 17 February 2018
- Manmeet KaurCSE, PTU, BMSCE, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab, India
- Jagminder Cheema BrarCSE, PTU, BMSCE, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab, India
- Sukhveer BrarECE, PTU, BMSCE, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab, India
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Petitcolas, “On the Limits of Steganography”, IEEE Journal of Selected Areas in Communications, 16 (4):474-481, ISSN 0733-8716, May 1998.  S.F. Mare, M. Vladutiu, L. Prodan, “Decreasing change impact using smart LSB pixel mapping and data rearrangement”, IEEE, 2011.  Tanana Morkel, "Image Steganography Applications for Secure Communication", Universities van Pretoria, May 2012.  N. Provos, P. Honeyman, “Hide and seek: an introduction to steganography”, IEEE Security and Privacy Magazine 1, 2003.  Wen-Jan Chen, Chin-Chen Chang, T-Hoang Ngan Le, “High payload steganography mechanism using hybrid edge detector”, Expert Systems with Applications, Elsevier, ISSN 3292–3301, 2010.  RonakDoshi, Pratik Jain, Lalit Gupta," Steganography and Its Applications in Security ", International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, ISSN 2249-6645, Vol.2, Issue 6, 2012.  ShashikalaChannalli, Ajay Jadhav,"Steganography: An Art of Hiding Data," International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp. 137-141, 2009.  Atallah M. Al-Shatnawi, "A New Method in Image Steganography with Improved Image Quality", Applied Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 6, 2012.  N. F. Johnson, and S. Jajodia, “Steganography: Seeing the Unseen”, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 26-34, Feb. 1998.  Niles Provos, Peter Honeyman, "Hide and Seek: An Introduction to Steganography," IEEE Computer Society, 2003.  K. B. Raja, K.R. Venugopal and L. M. Patnaik, "A Secure Steganographic Algorithm using LSB, DCT and Image Compression on Raw Images”, Technical Report, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore University, December 2004.  An overview of image steganography by T. Morkel, J M.S. Olivier. Information and Computer Security Architecture (ICSA) Research Group Department of Computer Science University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, 2000.  Johnson, and N.F. Jajodia, "Exploring Steganography: Seeing the Unseen", Computer Journal, February 1998.  Pratap Chandra Mandal, "Modern Steganographic technique: A Survey", International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Technology, pp. 339-342, Sep. 2012.  A. Cheddad, J. Condell, K. Curran, and P. M. Kevitt, "Digital image steganography: survey and analysis of current methods", Journal Signal Processing, Vol. 90, Issue 3, March 2010.  P. Kruus, C. Scace, M. Heyman, and M. Mundy, "A survey of steganography techniques for image files." International Journal Advanced Science & Technology, Vol. 54, 2003.  E Lin, and E Delp, “A Review of Data Hiding in Digital Images”, Center for Education and Research Information Assurance and Security Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2086.  W Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, "Techniques for data hiding," IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3 and 4, pp. 313-336, January 2004.  MamtaJuneja, “Data hiding Algorithm for Bitmap Images using Steganography”, https://www.sciencepub.net/researcher, ISSN 1553-9865, pp. 67-73, 2010.  Y. K. Jain and R. R. Ahirwal, “A Novel Image Steganography Method With Adaptive Number of Least Significant Bits Modification Based on Private Stego Keys”, International Journal of Computer Science and Security, Vol. 4, March 2010.  H. Yang, X. Sun and G. Sun, “A High-Capacity Image Data Hiding Scheme Using Adaptive LSB Substitution”, Journal: Radio engineering, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 509-516, 2009.  S. Channalli and A. Jadhav, “Steganography an Art of Hiding Data”, International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2009.  C. H. Yang, C. Y. Weng, S. J. Wang, and H.M. Sun, “Adaptive Data Hiding in Edge Areas of Images with Spatial LSB Domain Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 488-497, Sep. 2008.  K. H. Jung, K. J. Ha and K. Y. Yoo, “Image data hiding method based on multi pixel differencing and LSB substitution methods”, International Conference on Convergence and Hybrid Information Technology, Daejeon (Korea), pp. 355-358, August 2008.  H. Zhang, G. Geng and C. Xiong, “Image Steganography using Pixel-Value Differencing”, International Symposium Electronic Commerce and Security, May 2009.  W. J. Chen, C. C. Chang and T. H. N. Le, “High Payload Steganography Mechanism using Hybrid Edge Detector”, Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 3292-3301, April 2010.  V. MadhuViswanatham and J. Manikonda, “A Novel Technique for Embedding Data in Spatial Domain”, International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, Vol. 2, 2010.  B. Ahuja, M. Kaur and M. Rachna, “High Capacity Filter Based Steganography”, International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, May 2009.  M. TanvirParvez and A. Abdul-Aziz Gutub, “RGB Intensity Based Variable-Bits Image Steganography”, IEEE Asia-Pacific Services Computing Conference, pp. 1322-1327, 2008.  K. S. Babu, K. B. Raja, K. Kiran Kumar, T. H. Manjula Devi, K. R. Venugopal, and L. M. Pataki “Authentication of secret information in image steganography”, IEEE Region 10th Conference, TENCON- 2008, pp. 1-6, Nov. 2008.  Krishna NandChaturvedi, AmitDeogar, “A Noval Approach for Data Hiding using LSB on Edges of a Gray Scale Cover Images”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 86, pp. 36-40, 2014.  SarabjeetKaur, Sonika Jindal, “Image Steganography using Hybrid Edge Detection and First Component Alteration Technique”, International Journal of Hybrid Information Technology, Vol. 6, pp. 59-66, 2013.  DeepaliSingla, MamtaJuneja, “Hybrid Edge Detection Based Image Stegnography Techniques for color images”, Intelligent Computing, Communication, and Devices, pp. 277-280, 2014.  Manu devi, Nidhi Sharma, “Improved Detection of Least Significant Bit stegnographyalgorihms in color and gray scale images”, IEEE Conference Recent Advances in Engineering and Computational, UIET, Chandigarh, pp. 1-5, March 2014.
Manmeet Kaur, Jagminder Cheema Brar, Sukhveer Brar "Bit level Block Based Steganography Technique using Edge Detection" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.07-11 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/07-11.pdf
This paper presents state space modeling for a single stage LCC type resonant converter. The converter is designed for high power factor on supply side and minimization of reactive power rating for its resonant components. Quality factor at the peak of AC line for minimum expected value of input voltage is chosen for designing the converter. State Space modeling is used to analyze the converter. Converter operation in a power frequency cycle is split in to eight modes. State variable models are developed for each mode of operation. Time domain operating characteristics of the converter are obtained by using MATLAB simulation. The output voltage of the converter is regulated using controlling the switching frequency without any active control of AC line current. Ratio of switching frequency to series resonant frequency is required to be kept more than one to maintain lagging power factor mode of operation over majority of the AC cycle. However, the converter operates in leading power factor mode near valleys of line voltage.
- Page(s): 12-16
- Date of Publication: 26 February 2018
- S. S. TanavadeDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Caledonian College of Engineering, Muscat
- S. PremachandranDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Caledonian College of Engineering, Muscat
. A. K. S. Bhat and M. M. Swamy, “Analysis and design of a parallel resonant converter including the effect of a high frequency transformer,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol.37, no.4, pp.297-306, Aug.1990. . A. K. Bhat, and M. M. Swamy, “Loss calculations in transistorized parallel resonant converters operating above resonance,” IEEE, Trans. on Power Electronics, vol.4, no.4, pp.391-401, Oct.1989. . A. K. S. Bhat, “Analysis and design of a series-parallel resonant converter,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol.8, no.1, pp.1-11, Jan.1993. . M. J. Schutten, R. L. Steigerwald, M. H. Kheraluwala, “Characteristics of load resonant converter operated in a high-power factor mode,” IEEE Trans. on power Electronics, vol.7, no.2, pp.304-314, April 1992. . A. K. S. Bhat, “Characteristic of a series-parallel resonant converter with capacitive output filter operating on the utility line,” Proceedings of IEEE, PEDES’96, pp.403-409, 1996. . M. C. Tsai, “Analysis and implementation of a full-bridge constant-frequency LCC-type parallel resonant converter,” IEE Proc.-Electr. Power Application, vol.141, no.3, pp.121-128, May 1994. . Issa Batarseh, R. Lui, C. Q. Lee, and A. K. Upadhyay, “Theoretical and Experimental studies of the LCC-type parallel resonant converter,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol.5, no.2, pp.140-150, April 1990. . V. Agrawal, and A. K. S. Bhat, “Small signal analysis of the LCC-type series-parallel resonant converter using discrete time domain modelling,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol.42, no.6, pp.604-614, Dec.1995. . A. K. S. Bhat, “A unified approach for the steady-state analysis of resonant converters,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol.38, no.4, pp.251-259, Aug.1991. . A. K. S Bhat, “Characteristics of series-parallel resonant converters with capacitive output filter operating on the utility line,” IEEE PEDES’96, pp 403-409 . V. Belaguli, A. K. S. Bhat, “Operation of LCC type parallel resonant converter as a low harmonic rectifier,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol.46, no.2, pp.288-299, April 1999. . A. K. S Bhat, R. Venkatraman, “A soft switched full bridge single phase ac-to-dc converter with low line current harmonic distortion,” PESC-2000, IEEE 31st Annual, vol.2, pp.799-804. . Rahman M.M.A., Bhat A.K.S., “A high-frequency transformer isolated single-phase single-stage soft-switched AC-to-DC bridge converter”, Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2001.PESC. 2001 IEEE 32nd Annual , Volume: 2 , 17-21 June 2001 Page(s): 718 -723 vol.2 . Gurunathan R., Bhat A.K.S., “ Zero voltage switching DC link single-phase pulse width modulated voltage source inverter”, Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2002. APEC 2002. Seventeenth Annual IEEE , Volume: 1 , 10-14 March 2002, Page(s): 519 -524 vol.1 . Bhuvaneswari C., R. Samuel Rajesh Babu, “ A review on LLC converter”, IEEE International Conference on Computation of Power, Energy Information and Commuincation (ICCPEIC), 2016. April 2006, Chennai-India . B. C. Hyeon, B. H. Cho, “Analysis and Design of the LmC Resonant Converter for Low Output Current Ripple”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ( Volume: 59, Issue: 7, July 2012, pages(s) 2772 – 2780
S. S. Tanavade, S. Premachandran "State Space Modeling and Simulation for LCC type Resonant Converter" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.12-16 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/12-16.pdf
Goods and Service Tax is an indirect tax levied on the supply of goods and services. GST Law has replaced many indirect tax laws that previously existed in India.GST is one indirect tax for the entire country. There are 3 taxes applicable under GST: CGST, SGST & IGST. GST will mainly remove the Cascading effect on the sale of goods and services. Removal of cascading effect will directly impact the cost of goods. This paper gives an understanding about GST in India & its impact on the Indian Economy. The Evolution of GST in India is also discussed in this research paper. The research objectives focus around the evolution of GST, how it works & how different sectors are affected by GST.
- Page(s): 17-20
- Date of Publication: 01 February 2018
- Esha BansalAssistant Professor, IEC University, Himachal Pradesh, India
 Dr. Yogesh Kailashchandra Agrawal, “Goods and Services Tax and Its Impact on Indian Economy”, IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR JBM), vol. 19, no. 10, 2017, pp. 26–30  Haiderkhan S. Pathan,” A Comparative Study of GST in India and Other Countries, VOLUME 4 I ISSUE 4,pg 1-5  howtoexportimport.com  .saginfotech.com  economictimes.indiatimes.com  www.gstindia.com  cleartax.in  taxmantra.com
Esha Bansal "A Study on Impact of GST on Indian Economy" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.17-20 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/17-20.pdf
In automobile and aerospace industries Aluminium alloys are widely used because they are having low density and good mechanical properties, wear and better corrosion resistance, low thermal coefficient of expansion as compared to conventional metals and alloys. The mechanical properties of these materials and relatively low production cost make them a very attractive for several applications both from technological and scientific viewpoints. The point involved in designing metal matrix composite materials is to combine the desirable attributes of metals and Ceramics. Present work is focused on the study of mechanical behaviour of Aluminium Cast Alloy (A356) with Al2O3 composite produced by the stir casting technique. Different percentage of reinforcement is used. Tensile test, Impact test and wear test performed on the samples obtained by the stir casting process. Optical microscope analysis was performed to know the presence of the phases of reinforced material.
- Page(s): 21-24
- Date of Publication: 01 March 2018
- Krishna Murthy MAssistant Professor, Mechanical Department, Bangalore Technological Institute, Bangalore, India.
- Channabasavaraj. B. DharaniAssistant Professor, Mechanical Department, Bangalore Technological Institute, Bangalore, India.
- Manjunath.K.SAssistant Professor, Mechanical Department, Bangalore Technological Institute, Bangalore, India.
. N. Tomac, K. Tonnessen (1992) Machinability of particulate aluminium matrix composites, CIRP 41 (1):55–58. . Chandrasekaran H, Johansson JO (1997) Influence of processing conditions and reinforcement on the surface quality of finish machined aluminium alloy matrix composites. CIRP 46(1):493–496. . A.R. Boccaccini, G. Ondracek, P. Mazilu, D. Windelberg, J. Mech.Behav. Mater. 4 (1993) 119. . V.V. Ganesh, M. Gupta, Mater. Sci. Technology. 17 (2001) 1465. . Chadwich, G.A., Heath, P.J., 1990. “Machining of metal matrix composites”. Met Mater 2-6, 73-76. . Mechanical Behaviour of Aluminium based Metal Matrix Composites reinforced with Silicon carbide and Alumina by Pulkit Bajaj, Anil Kalra, Yogesh Kumar Singala. . International, A.-A., Standard Test Methods for Notched Impact Testing of Metallic Materials1, in ASTM E23- 07a. 2007, IHS Inc. p. 28. . M.Kok,"Production and mechanical properties of AL2O3 particlereinforced 2024 Aluminium alloy composites." Journal of Material Processing Technology, 2003: 7.
Krishna Murthy M, Channabasavaraj. B. Dharani, Manjunath.K.S "A Study on Mechanical Behavior of Aluminium Based MMC Reinforced with Alumina" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.21-24 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/21-24.pdf
The increasing industrialization, urbanization and changed standard of living have triggered the process of economic growth. This has increased the generation of waste leading to increased threats to the environment. In recent years, many countries globally have developed and demonstrated advanced technologies that help in reducing the amount of waste considerably. And also could generate substantial quantity of energy by processing solid waste. However, solid waste management is a relatively recent development in India, and as a result, there are competing technologies and process routes, each with its pros and cons. In India Solid Waste Management is one of the most neglected areas of urban development. Magnitude and density of urban population of country is increasing rapidly and accordingly the civic bodies, which are responsible for management of solid waste, are facing generous difficulties in providing adequate services such as supply of water, electricity, roads, education and public sanitation, including Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM). Municipal agencies spend about 5-25% of their budget on MSWM. In spite of such a heavy expenditure, the present level of service in many urban areas is so low that there is a threat to public health in particular and to environmental quality in general. The main objective of this research paper is to understand the Solid Waste Management system of Pune City. Through this study we have attempted to provide a brief overview of the solid waste management in Pune and the current practises, challenges & future strategies by PMC. And to suggest the best practices to reduce & manage solid waste accordingly. An in depth interview of the officials of Solid Waste Management department of Pune Municipal Corporation has been undertaken for the same.
- Page(s): 25-29
- Date of Publication: 01 March 2018
- Prof. Mansi KhadkeAssistant Professor, Sinhgad Institute of Business Administration and Research
- Dr. Smita SovaniProfessor, Sinhgad Institute of Management
. “ Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management of Pune City using Geospatial Tools”, Nitin Mundhe, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 100– No.10, August 2014 . “Existing Situation of Solid Waste Management in Pune City, India”, Mane T.T. and Hingane Hemalata N., Research Journal of Recent Sciences, Vol. 1 (ISC-2011), 348-351 (2012) . “Strategic Action Plan for Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan”, Volume I, Prepared by Dr. Prasad Modak for UNEP DTIE IETC and PMC . “Best Practice initiatives by in waste management – Pune City” by Suresh Jagtap, Joint Municipal Commissioner, Pune Municipal Corporation
Prof. Mansi Khadke, Dr. Smita Sovani "Solid Waste Management: Current Practices and Future Strategies by Pune City" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.25-29 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/25-29.pdf
The strength of a state depends on the efficiency of its Police force in maintaining internal peace, law and order. The Police personnel need to carry out their activities efficiently and capably. The police are expected to be the most accessible, interactive and dynamic organization. Here in this study researcher is dealing with the association between demographic variables and different work conditions in police system. Primary objective of this paper is study association between age, gender and salary, opportunity at work, work conditions, and life space occupied by work. Data has been collected by using primary source that is structured questionnaire and further analyzed by using crosstab and chi square. Results are shown that the demographic variables are associated with satisfaction towards work conditions.
- Page(s): 30-34
- Date of Publication: 04 March 2018
- Manisha C. PhateAssistant Professor, SKN Sinhgad School of Business Management, Pune, Maharashtra, India
- Dr. Rajashree A. ShindeSKN Sinhgad School of Business Management, Pune, Maharashtra, India
. Anwar AbdellahMejbel, Mahmoud Khalid Almsafir, RusinahSiron and Ahmad SalihMheidiAlnaser, (2013) “The Drivers of Quality of Working Life (QWL): A Critical Review”, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol.7(10), pp.398-405. . Bhagyalaxmi. M, Dr. Ishwara. P (2016): Quality of Working Life of Women Police, Indian Journal of Research, Volume : 5 | Issue : 6 | June 2016, page 203-205. . D.P.Lele (2014): Quality of Work Life of Police Constables with special reference to WellnessIOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) e-ISSN: 2278-487X, p-ISSN: 2319-7668. Volume 16, Issue 11.Ver. IV (Nov. 2014), PP 46-51 . Dr.Vidhu Mohan* & Ms. ManpreetKaur “Effect of meaningfulness in Life and Stress Resilience on Mental Health of Punjab Police Personnel” Indian Police Journal Jan-Mar 2013 . GP Joshi and JC Arora , Welfare Facilities Available to Police Personnel in the Country , Research Studies on Police and Prison Issues (1970 . 2009) – Compendium, 1986 . Indumathy. R.; Kamalraj. S. (2012): A study on quality of work life among workers with special reference to textile industry in Tirupur district – a textile hub; ZENITH International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Vol.2 Issue 4, April 2012, ISSN 2231 5780 www.zenithresearch.org.in 281 Lall B. R., What Ails the Police, Manas Police and Security Yearbook, Manas Publications, India, 2010, pp.304-305. . Monga, M. L., &Maggu, A. (1981). Quality of work-life: A study of public sector in india. ASCI Journal of Management, 10(2), 115. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/235910101?accountid=38883 . Police 2: D. P. Lele(2014): Quality of Work Life of Police Employees with Special Reference Work Profile: Interpersonal Relationship. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Vol 3 Issue 12, November, 2014 (Special Issue), Page 240-243, . Rao, P. K., &Venugopal, P. (2009). Perceptual factors in quality of work life of indian employees. Paradigm, 13(1), 104-109. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/214399885?accountid=38883 . S. Subba, and K. Devika (2014): Work-Life Balance among Women Police in Coimbatore District – An Empirical Study, International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Management Studies, Volume 2, Issue 11, November 2014 page no. 7-15. Retrieved from https://www.ijarcsms.com/docs/paper/volume2/issue11/V2I11-0084.pdf . Spinks, N. (2006). Working towards life quality. Canadian HR Reporter, 19(1), 18. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/220795265?accountid=38883 . Taylor, B. 2003, December 24. Fight the flab or face the sack. London Daily Mail, p.34. Retrieved on, from ProQuest database, DOI 513496381, August 22, 2011. . V. Kubendran, Muthukumar.S, Priyadharshini.M, (2013): Impact of Quality of Work Life on the Performance of the Employees in IT Organisations; Indian Journal of Economics and Development Vol: 1 | Issue: 3 | March 2013 | ISSN 2320-9836, PP 82-85.
Manisha C. Phate, Dr. Rajashree A. Shinde "Association between Demographic Factors of Employees and Working Conditions in Police System" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 2 February 2018, pp.30-34 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue2/30-34.pdf