Voters’ Role in the Election: Sociological Study on the Deceive Background Factors on Demeanor of Constituent in Sri Lanka

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XII, December 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Voters’ Role in the Election: Sociological Study on the Deceive Background Factors on Demeanor of Constituent in Sri Lanka

Samarakoon MT

Professor in Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

Abstract: – It is noticeable that the process of holding elections in Sri Lanka was subjected for contraries that had resulted due to the reformation of constitutional system. Accordingly, the preferential voting system introduced was a crucial factor. As far as this study is concerned, it was based on the behavior of voter and his/her composition within the system of preferential voting practices. In this respect two geographic locations namely; the Thanamalwila police domain in Vellavaya Divisional Secretarial Area in the Monaragala district of Uwa province and the University of Jayawardanapura were selected for the research. In it’s place of full coverage of voters within the study area, a random sampling method was applied having selected 708 persons to represent voters from the Monaragala area and 177 university students added with 59 non-academic staff to encompass the overall sample of 944 informants. Instinctively, the voters cast their votes in concern with the political opinion of the family, obligatory services needed for the area, party-political policies and the aspirations of the candidate to meet the desires of the public. Likewise, it was also revealed that the extent of thoughtfulness of rural communities on elections was limited. Similarly, it was found that 41% out of total voters interviewed who had read and understood the manifesto of respective candidate or the party and those who casted their votes in view of reducing bribery and venality behavior was 65%. Accordingly, the outcomes of this research will be vital in the restructuring of the political causes of action and the procedures on forthcoming general elections.

Key words: Election; voter; preferential voting system, common candidate. Politics.


Balloting is a fundamental right of every person in any democratic country whereas, a human by his birth becomes a political being. Thereby, it is a usual state of affairs that elections are held in different formula such as; Local government elections, Provincial council elections and the Presidential elections to designate peoples’ representatives to govern the country.

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