Understanding and Assessing the Motivation Factors of University Students’ Involvement in Volunteerism

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XII, December 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Understanding and Assessing the Motivation Factors of University Students’ Involvement in Volunteerism

A.Faranadia1, W.M.Y. Bukhari 2, M.Y. Kamal3, R. Normala4, Z.M. Lukman5, & C. Azlini6

1,2,3,4,5,6Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia

Abstract— Volunteerism is one of the areas that is increasingly gaining attention in improving capabilities among students in Malaysia. Volunteering activity is such a noble work that able to give value to human development and improving social skills. Hence, it is crucial to this research to identify the factors of student involvement in volunteerism. Information were collected at a University Sultan Zainal Abidin among the members of student’s volunteer organization that involved 210 respondents. This study used quantitative method and all the information obtained were conducted through survey. The results showed that factor gaining a reward or honor found to be negatively related to volunteer and other factors were positive related to the volunteer. The Ministry of Higher Education should ensure that volunteering is always raised as a living culture amongst students and nurtured within them. Hence, it can be developed the soul to sympathy and courtesy, harmonize the community with concern and affection in the pursuit of sustainable community development.

Keywords— Volunteerism, Volunteer Management, Retain, Malaysia


Volunteerism in Malaysia is growing and locating in The development of volunteerism is often associated with the common human life of the community and able to produce many volunteers [1]. Briefly, volunteerism is the act of giving or willingness to do something for the benefit of others [2]. [3] stated that volunteering aimed at helping others or organizations without compulsion and without any payment or material compensation. According to [4], volunteerism is a charitable activity. [5] defines voluntary activities as a work performed without financial rewards. Hence, in general, volunteerism can be defined as a non-paid work with the support of the organization [6]. In addition, volunteers are very important as they contribute expertise, skills, knowledge, and energy [7]. [8] have pointed out that the involvement of young people, especially students, in voluntary activities has increased.

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