The Suitable Strategies to Implement Science in Teaching and Learning More Effectively In Malaysian Secondary Schools

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XI, November 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

The Suitable Strategies to Implement Science in Teaching and Learning More Effectively In Malaysian Secondary Schools

Deviki Muniandy and Hasimah Alimon

Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (Malaysia)

Abstract:- Form Three Assessment (PT3) in Malaysia has been introduced in less than a decade, replacing the Penilaian Menengah Rendah (PMR). Since the first batch of PT3 implementation had ended their written examination in 2014, no clear findings with regard to PT3 holders’ low performance in science subject and it’s not have been discussed widely. Thus, this study emphasized on the strategies can be used by students, teachers, policy makers and school administrators towards the teaching and learning of Science subject. A qualitative approach has been applied. Interview protocols was constructed and validated by three experts. The pilot test was carried out for the reliability. The respondent were chose using purposive random sampling. All the strategies come together under four sub-topics namely training, coaching or facilitating, management and effective teaching and learning. Training strategy consist of effective refreshment courses by district and state officers, courses for all the teachers during school holidays, senior teachers need courses, workshops for teachers at school level and quality delivery of in-house training. Coaching and facilitation are consists of effective monitoring system, peer coaching, own exploration, teachers learn from seniors, sharing experience among senior teachers and youngers and teachers must upgrades themselves. Management included laboratory assistant roles. The effective teaching and learning consist of types of assessment and project work, emphasize on practical work, fun methods during intervention programs and quality of intervention program. This study conclude that the policy makers, school administrators, students and teachers should realize their role and responsibility to ensure the effectiveness in teaching and learning Science and the development of education in Malaysia.

Keywords: Form Three Assessment (PT3), PT3 implementation, Science, Strategies Scope (Please state): Science Education

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