The Perception among Secondary School Students towards Bully and Bully-Victim in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XII, December 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

The Perception among Secondary School Students towards Bully and Bully-Victim in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

M.N.Naimie1, R. Normala2, C.Azlini.3,M.Y. Kamal.4, Z.M. Lukman5

1,2,3,4,5Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

Abstract—This research is an overview of the perception among secondary school students in Kuala Terengganu on bullying issues, covering the characteristic of bullies and victims. The research was involved in descriptive statistics and exploratory analysis. A total of 405 participants from secondary school students around the Kuala Terengganu area responded to the questionnaire. The research found that more male students were involved in bullying cases than female students. The research found that the characteristic of bullies included having problems in academic, family problems, smoking, and indiscipline, especially among senior students. The researchers also found that bullies wanted to show that they are powerful and domineering while emotionally torturing their victims. The characteristic of bully victims such shy, lonely and from a lower socio-economic background. It is hoped that these results can assist the authorities in improving the existing laws and more effective.

Keywords—Bully, Bully-Victims, Bullying Behaviour, Secondary School Malaysia


The phenomenon of bullying in Malaysia among secondary schools is increasingly disturbing[34,37]. According to[27]&[7] bullying cases have still occurred in schools and difficult to solve it. Today, bullying among secondary school students is an indication of them experiencing media changes that can influence personality and behavior leading to uncontrolled violence [10]. The previous researcher from [41]who conducted research in Malaysia had found that 480 respondents were partially bullied, which is 22.7% are them were bullied. While 2.5% of respondents said they were bullied twice a week, another 5.6% said they were bullied once or twice a month, and 11.9% said they were rarely bullied. The results of this research indicated that students were often bullied because the bully wanted to show that they were the strong and powerful person. Furthermore, when this happens the victim feels afraid to attend school because they are traumatized [9].

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