The Effect of Non Pharmalogical (Chayote, Aerobic Exercise, and Rosella Tea) on Blood Pressure of Menopause Women Who Have Hypertension

International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue XI, November 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

The Effect of Non Pharmalogical (Chayote, Aerobic Exercise, and Rosella Tea) on Blood Pressure of Menopause Women Who Have Hypertension

Nurul Hidayah1,Marsaid2, Sulastyawati3

1,2,3Nursing Department, Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

Abstract—Hypertension rarely didn’t show signs and symptoms, so that it was known as ‘the silent killer’. It could continue for many years till the sufferer fell down into emergency condition and it exposed to heart disease, stroke, or kidney damage and lead to death. Hypertension often happened toward almost women after in the age of 55 or who experienced menopause. Hypertension could be controlled by pharmacology and nonpharmacology (complementary) treatment. Many patients chose a safer way than taking medicine. Those ways included doing exercise in regularly, a balanced diet, reducing salt intake, losing weight, avoiding smoking or using traditional medicine or herbs. Herbal therapy is a process of healing by using various medicinal herbs medicine. The purpose of this research was to know the effect of chayote, rosella tea, and aerobic exercise toward blood pressure of menopause women and experiencing hypertension. This research useda quasy experiment with 45 subjects. Inclusion criteria were menopause and hypertensivewomen with a purposive sampling method. The data were analyzed to give result that there was significant effect of giving chayote juice and rosella tea to the decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However aerobic exercise had no significant effect.

Keywords—chayote, exercise, hypertension,rosella tea, women

I. INTRODUCTION

Cardiovascular disease could not be separated from hypertension. Hypertension is an increase in systolic blood pressure greater than 140mmHg and /or diastolic greater than 90 mmHg in two measurements with an interval of 5 minutes in a rest / quiet state. Hypertension is one of the non-communicable diseases that is a health problem worldwide because of its high prevalence as well as its association with the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Based on the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) study, hypertension can increase coronary heart disease by 12% and increase the risk of stroke by 24%. Indonesia, as one of the developing country in the world, according to WHO in 2002, mortality from cardiovascular disease of 361 per 100.000 population for age- standardize mortality rate category [1]

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