Spatial Analysis of Sanitation Facilities in Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XI, November 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Spatial Analysis of Sanitation Facilities in Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Adeniyi Joshua .Olu1 and Odogiyon Agunloye.H2

1, 2Department of Urban & Regional Planning Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Abstract:-This work examined and analyzed sanitation facilities in residential districts of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. All the existing sanitation facilities in the study area were identified; Information and data were obtained directly from the targeted population using structured questionnaire. The questions provided in the questionnaire were directed to the household population in the area. Some of the variables considered are; types of toilet facilities used in the study area, anal cleaning materials, hand washing with soap, distance between well/borehole and leaching field/pit latrine, and interest in using improved sanitation facilities if provided.For the purpose of this research, multi-stage sampling techniquewas adopted in the administration of questionnaire on residents of the three residential zones in Ado-Ekiti.The targeted household population in the study area was thirty seven thousand four hundred and nineteen. (37419) and the sample size is 1.5% which translates to five hundred and twenty six (526) this becomes the total number of questionnaire administered for the study.Findings revealed high number of households using improved sanitation facilities; the analysis also indicate that, there are still some households who use bush and pit latrine without slab. The paper recommends among other things, that Ekiti State should evolve a well articulate policy that willenhance partnership with Federal Government and International Development Agencies to improve public health and sanitation.

Keywords: – Environment, Facilities, Household, Sanitation, Sustainable Development

I. INTRODUCTION

The rapid growth of cities strains their capacity to provide services such as energy, education, health care, transportation, sanitation and physical security (UN, 2008). Because governments care less on the basic upkeep of cities and provision of services, cities have become areas of massive sprawl, especially serious environmental problems and widespread poverty (UN, 2008). The critical and most immediate problems facing developing countries are the impacts of inadequate water, sanitation, drainage and solid waste services, poor urban and industrial waste management (Bartoneet al., 2006). UNICEF, (2008) noted that poor sanitation, unsafe water and unhygienic practices cause millions of children in the developing countries to suffer needlessly from disease.

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