Secure Solid Waste Bin Status Detection Using Image-Based Processing with Mobile Application: In case of Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia

International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue XI, November 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Secure Solid Waste Bin Status Detection Using Image-Based Processing with Mobile Application: In case of Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia

Bereket Simon1, Dr. Sanjiv Rao2

 1Master’s Scholar, Dept of Software Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University Addis Ababa, Ethopia
2Associate Professor, Dept of Software Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University Addis Ababa, Ethopia

Abstract— Nowadays, technology is integrating different applications to get fast, secure, reliable and efficient service. People are also adapting this new evolving technology as well. Mobile and web applications are one of this evolving technology and together make us to get and manage information in move. Solid waste management (SWM) is one of this information management which is used to manage and monitor the disposal of solid wastes particularly in the urban area. Because urban area is over populated so that people dispose wastes frequently. This disposal results in great challenge for SWM office. In developing counties like Ethiopia, this problem is categorized under top challenges which needs urgent solution to SWM office. This paper brings solution particularly for respective city municipals to effectively monitor and manage the Solid Waste Bin (SWB) by integrating mobile applications with image processing in secure manner. In the securing part, the recognized citizen has to be authenticated with his/her finger tag and the specified location of the SWB through Global Position System (GPS). In the image processing part, the system receives the bin image, then processes the bin image by following pre-processing, segmentation, feature extraction and classifying/matching steps. The image processing part has been simulated with optimized techniques by using MATLAB.

Keywords—Solid waste management, public key, private key, encryption, decryption, pre-processing, segmentation, feature extraction.

I. INTRODUCTION

Collecting, dumping and managing a solid waste is big challenge for countries in the world. Such challenge is more manifested in countries where high numbers of people lead to frequent disposal and generation of wastes. This challenge is exaggerated particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia because of people moving from rural to urban like Addis Ababa city [1].

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