International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) | Volume VII, Issue VII, July 2022 | ISSN 2454–6194

Psychoanalysis Study of Character 001 (Oh-Il Nam) in The Film Series Squid Game

Yosephina Indah Esian Nefo, Nawiroh Vera*
Department of Communication Science, Budi Luhur University, Indonesia
*Corresponding author

Abstract: The research aims at analyzing the character 001 in the film Series Squid Game by using Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic study. The research theme is about the personality psychology of the main character Oh-Il Nam. It will be analyzed using the theory of communication psychology from Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis study which includes the Id, the Ego, and the Superego. It is a qualitative research type and the results of the analysis will be presented in a descriptive narrative way. The research results show that the Id in the character 001 is an egoistic attitude and he wants to save himself. The ego in the character 001 is fair in reality which is based on the principle of reality and morals. The character 001 does something more important than satisfying his own needs. When it is the Superego it upholds the moral aspect, it is shown that he always says thank you at the end of the sentences he says, and in the other Superego, it upholds polite behavior he always puts forward. From the three personalities of the Id, the Ego, and the Superego which is represented in the character 001 in the film series Squid Game, it can be concluded that the comparison among the three personalities is balanced. In other words, the personality of the character 001 is comparable to the Id, the Ego, and the Superego.

Keywords: film, psychoanalysis, Id, Ego, Superego


Currently, the development of film media has been growing. In the past, we can only watch films in cinemas and now we can watch them on a digital platform called movie streaming applications. Netflix is a famous movie streaming platform and Millenials favor it very much today. It is because there are many updated movies with good quality. Many movies on Netflix are trending and viral throughout the world, one of which is the film series Squid Game.
The film directed by Hwang Dong-Hyuk was launched in October 2021, and it has become the most Popular film in 83 countries that provide Netflix streaming services. The film carries the theme of a thriller drama, and it has managed to touch the hearts of thousands of viewers. It is because the story plot directed by the filmmaker Dong-Hyuk is so dramatic and full of meaning in life. There are interesting things to be investigated from the film’s leading character, i.e. the character 001 called Oh II-Nampada in the film series Squid Game. The researchers want to analyze the personality of the character 001 using the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud.
Psychoanalysis is a science developed by Sigmund Freud who sees that psychoanalysis is a function and human psychological behavior. Freud developed the personality structure into the Id, the Ego, and the Superego. A key theory of psychoanalysis is the unconscious concept (In Arthur, 2000: 72) read: “…All subject matters are brought to explain it with a better calculation than others to stimulate belief in