Prevalence of TaeniaSaginata and Fasciola Hepatica in Cows and Goats Slaughtered in Mbale Municipality Abattoir
- February 16, 2019
- Posted by: RSIS
- Category: Social Science
International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue II, February 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186
Abdulkayyum Abubakar Ali
Department of Environmental Health, Caliphate School of Health Technology, No. 2 Achida Road, Gawon Nama Area, Sokoto, Nigeria
Abstract:-The main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Taeniasaginata and Fasciola hepatica in cows and goats slaughtered in Mbale Municipality abattoir and to compare the prevalence rate of those parasites among the gender of cows and goats. Also to assess the level of knowledge among the local communities rearing the animals in regards to prevention and control of helminthes infestations. A quasi experimental design was used in this study. One hundred (100) tissue samples of liver, tongue and muscles of the cows and goats each were collected in well labeled polythene bags, taken to the parasitology laboratory for analysis using Postmortem method. One hundred and fifty (150) questionnaires were randomly distributed to the respondents. The results showed that the prevalence of Taeniasaginata and Fasciola hepatica was significantly higher in cows than in goats slaughtered in Mbale abattoir. Prevalence did not show a significant variation among the male and female cows and goats. The level of education among the local communities in Lira and Mbale significantly influenced the mode of animal grazing and source of drinking water for animals, while mode of meat consumption and defecating sites were not significantly influenced by the level of education. Based on the findings, the study recommended that public should be made aware of the helminthes infection (Taeniasaginata and Faciola hepatica) and the need to prevent their animals from getting into contact with these parasites so as to reduce their infestation rates. Further still, the government should assist farmers acquire drugs to deworm their infected animals and also offer extension services to them, sensitizing farmers on the knowledge of prevention and control of Taeniasaginata and Faciola hepatica.
Key words: Prevalence, Taeniasaginata, Fasciola hepatica, cows, Goats and Abattoir.