Outcome Based Education: A Conceptual Framework

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue IX, September 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Outcome Based Education: A Conceptual Framework

Dr. Romi Sainy

PhD, MBA, Associate Professor, Marketing, Jaipuria Institute of Management, Opposite C21 Mall, AB Road Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Abstract: The need for outcome based education has been there for decades. Outcome based education is a practical approach to develop the curriculum with inclusion of learning practices and focus on the students rather than teacher. Outcome-based education has many intrinsic benefits which must make it an attractive model for educationalist involved in curriculum planning, curriculum developers, teachers, employers, students. The paper attempts to describe the concept of outcome based education and also highlights the relationship of OBE and students centric learning which is imperative to achieve the desired outcome.

Keywords:-Outcome Based Education, Student Centric Learning, Learning Outcome


Outcome based education has gained popularity due to the changing need of education system where greater emphasis is being laid on learning achieved by the students and not mere degree. The concept of OBE emphasizes on a curriculum which have pre-defined set of learning outcomes. The curriculum should make it clear that what kind of skill set the students will possess after graduating from an institution. Outcome based education is a well-established concept in the west. Outcome-based education, as defined by Spady (1988) is a way of designing, developing, delivering and documenting instruction in terms of its intended goals and outcomes. Further Spady (1994) had defined OBE as “Outcome-Based Education means clearly focusing and organizing everything in an educational system around what is essential for all students to be able to do successfully at the end of their learning experiences.” As contrast to the input based education were the focus was on input processes and happily excepting the outcome whatever it was. The purpose of outcome based education is twofold, firstly designing the developing clear learning outcomes around which entire academic system can be woven and secondly establishing situations and occasions that encourage the students to achieve the pre-determined learning outcomes. The aim of the present study is to mention and highlight the contribution of various authors is the area of OBE and propose a theoretical model for OBE.

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