Submission Deadline-12th April 2024
April 2024 Issue : Publication Fee: 30$ USD Submit Now
Submission Deadline-20th April 2024
Special Issue of Education: Publication Fee: 30$ USD Submit Now

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) |Volume VI, Issue X, October 2022|ISSN 2454-6186

Local Wisdom Tobag Dayak Custom, in Subah Village, Tayan Hilir District, Sanggau Regency

 Yohanes Bahari¹*, Fatmawati², Salfius Seko³, Junaidi H. Matsum4
¹Department of Sociology Education, Faculty of Teaching and Education, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia
²Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Science and Politics, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia
³Department of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia
4Department of Economic Education, Faculty of Teaching and Education, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: This study aims to describe the local wisdom contained in the Colap and Angat Tobag Dayak custom who live in Subah village, Tayan Hilir district, Sanggau regency. The problem studied are (1) how custom functions as local wisdom, (2) how custom functions as social control and (3) how custom functions as social capital in a pluralistic society. This research employed descriptive qualitative with ethnographic study methods. The informants of this research consisted of village heads and traditional administrators. Data collection through focus group discussions and documentary studies. Data analysis through data reduction, data display and drawing conclusions. The findings of this study revealed that (1) Colap and angat custom function as local wisdom because it comes from the beliefs of the Dayak Tobag community itself and is able to create social harmony and passed down from generation to generation, (2) Colap and angat custom function as social control because it is able to prevent, regulate and overcome various problems in the life of the Tobag Dayak community so far, (3) Colap and angat custom function as social capital because it is able to strengthen, unite and bind the various elements that exist in the Dayak Tobag community.

Keywords: Local Wisdom, Tobag Dayak Custom

I. INTRODUCTION

The community of Subah village, Tayan Hilir sub-district, Sanggau district is a plural society. They consist of various ethnic groups, religions, cultures and social statuses. Almost all ethnic groups, religions, cultures and social statuses exist in the village, with the Tobag Dayak ethnic group as the original, majority and dominant population. There is harmony in social relations between groups in the village. During this time they respect and appreciate each other.
One of the most striking point in the life of the people in the village is the resolution of problems between them. They agreed to prioritize the Tobag Dayak custom, namely the colap and angat custom. Despite using colap and angat custom, in fact, the social relations between these groups have remained harmonious so far. In fact, almost all disputes can be resolved properly when using the custom.
Harmony in society may be due to the greatness of other groups who want to respect and appreciate the values and customary norms of the Tobag Dayak community. However, it could also be due to the dominance of the Tobag Dayak tribe who happen to be the majority and are the original inhabitants