Increased Income of the Head of Cassava Farmers Working in the Cracker Industry in Meeting Basic Needs

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue III, March 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Increased Income of the Head of Cassava Farmers Working in the Cracker Industry in Meeting Basic Needs

Sudarmi*, Edy Haryono, Nani Suwarni, Febry Eko Santoso
Department of Geography Education, University of Lampung, Indonesia
Corresponding Author*

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: This research examines the increase in income of the cassava farmer’s heads who work in the cracker industry in Srikaton Village, Seputih Surabaya District, Central Lampung Regency. The method used in this research is descriptive, with a population of 25 heads of cassava farmer families who are overall respondents in the research. Data collection techniques in this study are observation, interviews and documentation. The study results indicate that: 1) The area of agricultural land cultivated by the head of a farmer family reaches an average of 0.51 ha. 2) A total of 16 (64%) heads of families Cassava farmers have income below average. 3) 25 farmer family heads work in the cracker industry and earn ≤ IDR 2,250,596. 4) The 25 farmer family heads who work in the cracker industry experience increased income with the highest percentage increase in 548%. 5) The 25 farmer family heads who work in the cracker industry can meet their basic needs.

Keywords: income, cassava, cracker industry.

I. INTRODUCTION

Agriculture is one sector of economic activity that the government prioritises to improve the economy through agricultural productivity in improving the community’s welfare(da Silva, Prasad, & Diniz-Filho, 2017; Darko, Palacios-Lopez, Kilic, & Ricker-Gilbert, 2018). In general, people who live in rural areas have the characteristics of a uniform type of livelihood. This condition is similar to the head of the family’s livelihoods in Srikaton Village, Seputih Subdistrict, Surabaya, Central Lampung Regency, namely farmers. The type of agricultural commodity that is developed in Srikaton Village is cassava.