Impact of Integrating Information and Communication Technology into Teaching of Cellular Respiration at the Colleges of Education

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VII, Issue VI, June 2020 | ISSN 2321–2705

Impact of Integrating Information and Communication Technology into Teaching of Cellular Respiration at the Colleges of Education

Richard Koranteng Akpanglo-Nartey1, Judith Kafui Kemetse2 & Samuel Agyekum Darkwa3
*1Department of Science, Mount Mary College of Education, P. O. Box 19, Somanya, Ghana
2Department of Science, E. P. College of Education, P. O. Box AM 12, Amedzofe, Ghana
3Department of Science, Mount Mary College of Education, P. O. Box 19, Somanya, Ghana

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Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of integrating Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into the teaching and the traditional approach of teaching cellular respiration at the Colleges of Education. Two intact science classes were randomly selected from the two Colleges of Education in the Central region of Ghana who offers the general science programme. The pretest-posttest non-equivalent group quasi-experimental design was used. The students in the experimental group learned cellular respiration using an ICT rich environment, whereas the students in the control group were taught the same cellular respiration using the traditional approach. The results indicated that students taught with the integration of ICT outperformed their counterparts taught with the traditional approach. It was also found that students in the experimental group had positive perceptions of using ICT in teaching and learning. It was recommended that tutors at the Colleges of Education should integrate ICT into their teaching.

Keywords: academic achievement; ICT as an instructional tool; traditional teaching approach; perception of students and cellular respiration.

I. INTRODUCTION

In this 21st century, information and communication technology (ICT) has become an indispensable tool for economic growth and development and has permeated in virtually every sector such as medicine, banking, industrialization and education and has become part and parcel of every aspect of human endeavor [6]. Due to the rapid evolution of modern technology and industrialization across the globe, there is a massive demand for quality and meaningful education among developed countries as well as developing countries and Ghana in particular. This demand for quality education and science education, in particular, and has led to the introduction of computers into the classroom in the 19thcentury [18]. In order to meet this 21st-century demand for quality education which is rooted in discoveries and inventions, teaching and learning must be driven by computer integration [19]. It is based on the effectiveness of computers in education in general that drive a lot of developed countries to invest massively in incorporating computers in their educational system [2].