Geo- Politics in South China Sea: A Historical Perspective

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue I, January 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186

Geo- Politics in South China Sea: A Historical Perspective

Md. Salman Sohel1, Gazi Abu Horaira2, Md. Shahidul Islam3

1Department of Public Administration, Jagannath University (JnU), Dhaka, Bangladesh
2MBA in Project in Management, Faculty of Business Management & Globalization, LIMKOKWING University of Creative and Technology (LUCT), Malaysia
3Field Research Officer, Social Sector Management Foundation (SSMF), Bangladesh

Abstract: The water has been depicted “the next oil” for its strategic natural resources availability, reserves oil, and natural Gas. So it has strong influenced on geo-strategies, international politics and global securities. Many scholars articulated, in coming decades, the South China Sea will be central point of conflict in Asia .The U shaped South China Sea among the most critical water political flash zone where several nuclear states compete to hegemony. The South China Sea (SCS) often called second Middle East for its deflagration and disagreement with stakeholder and non-stakeholder states. The power struggle and The American dominance in Southeast Asia in the name of some approaches (Freedom of navigation, pivot to Asia policy and Asia Reassurance Initiative Act into Law) make the situation more challenges and encourage the skirmishes. There are consequently deep-rooted miss-understanding and historical hostility in this region among China and other nations. This paper purposes to deep understand about geo- political phenomenon of South China Sea. This attempts to reveal the interferences of U.S and her allies that’s fuel acute tension in East Asian region. This study also examines how the South China Sea territorial disputes colored into concern matter of international politics

Keywords: Geo-politics, Territorial dispute, nine dash Line, Non-Stakeholder states

I. INTRODUCTION

History is replete with examples of violent conflicts over water .The hydro-graphical basins which are linked to the greater use of water for power production and related to the greater speed of economic nationalism got an emphasized importance since the beginning of the 20th century (1).The experts describe the hydrographical circumstances as a key factor in ‘both national and international politics as a binding link and dividing line in human destiny’. Strategic specialists these days consider conflicts over water are inevitable (2). There is a prevalent doctrine that future war will be occurred over water, not oil.

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