Factors Influencing Implementation of Safety Policies in Secondary Schools in Kenya

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue IX, September 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Factors Influencing Implementation of Safety Policies in Secondary Schools in Kenya

Jane Kemunto Nyabuti

 Department of Educational Administration, Curriculum and Teaching, School of Education University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, PO BOX 2500, Eldoret, Kenya.

Abstract: – Safety in learning institutions is increasingly becoming an issue of great concern in Kenya and globally. However, implementation of safety policies is being hampered by a variety of factors. This study looked into the factors that influence the implementation of safety policies in secondary schools in Kenya. A mixed design was used in this study. Eighteen National schools were purposively selected to participate in the study. Stratified random sampling was used to select 6 schools. The total sample was 436 respondents including 6 head teachers, 120 class teachers, 300 students, 6 watchmen, and 4 Quality Assurance and Standards Officers (QASOs). Questionnaires, Interview and observation schedules were used for data collection. Quantitative data was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics while Qualitative as themes emerged. The findings indicated that implementation of safety measures in National Secondary Schools has affected by a variety of factors.

Key words: Safety, Implementation, schools, Factors, Awareness, Strategies


School safety is a universal fundamental and indispensable component of the teaching and learning process. The Government of Kenya is therefore committed to the provision of quality education and training to its citizens at all levels. The Social Pillar in the Vision 2030 singles out education and training as the vehicle that will drive Kenya into becoming a middle-income economy according to [1]. In addition, the Kenyan Constitution, 2010 has provided Free and Compulsory Basic Education as a human right to every Kenyan child. The country is therefore obliged to align education and training to the demands of its citizens as in [2].This requires the review of all aspects of the education system to make it responsive to the new realities including safety measures in the institutions. There has been persistent recurrence of safety problems in secondary schools in Kenya. This study seeks to find out the factors influencing the implementation of safety measures in secondary schools.

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