Factors Affecting Career Planning of Bachelor of Arts Undergraduates in Sri Lanka

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume VI, Issue VI, June 2022 | ISSN 2454–6186

Factors Affecting Career Planning of Bachelor of Arts Undergraduates in Sri Lanka

H.K. Liyanage; R.M.K.G.U. Rathnayaka
Department of Social Statistics, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract – In a dynamic labor market where the skills and job requirements demanded constantly changes affects the graduates of undergraduates, especially those following in the arts stream, career planning is important. In order to understand the career planning process to fill the gap between demand and supply of employment, the study aimed to identify the factors influencing career planning and to build a career planning model. The study considered a sample of 136 respondents following the Bachelor of Arts (Hons) program at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. A path analysis was conducted along with a Spearman’s rho to test the hypothesized model developed using three career development theories, namely, Gottfredson’s Circumscription and Compromise, Social Cognitive Career Theory, and Self-Determination Theory, to a four-stage career planning model. The study identified that there are influential factors that directly influence in the career planning process while factors such as prior achievement indirectly influence in the career planning process.

Keywords: Career Planning Model, Career Aspiration, Career Planning

I.INTRODUCTION

The career aspiration of the forms of ambitions leads to an individual to create a plan or blueprint of their career plan based on their ambition. In other words, career planning is a continuous and systematic process of selecting career goals and objectives based on an individual’s profile (Gautam et al., 2016; Mathis et al., 2015) where the set goals are based on the career aspiration which is usually future oriented (Gautam et al., 2016, p. 1). The career planning process of an individual however is shaped by their socioeconomic and other environmental factors as well as their exposure to career information. The support and barriers received by the aforementioned factors can mould one’s career plan based on their motivation and determination followed by their career aspirations.