Factor Affecting the Prevalence of Non-ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) among Female University Student

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XII, December 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Factor Affecting the Prevalence of Non-ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) among Female University Student

C. A. Nor Azmira1, C.Azlini2, M.Y. Kamal3, R. Normala4, Z.M. Lukman5

1,2,3,4,5Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia.

Abstract—Objective.Non-ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) has increased around the world where they have been described as an epidemic, causing great concern among the health professional and researchers. This study aims to identify factors that affecting the prevalence of non-ideal body mass index (BMI) among female students. A total of 336 female students in Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) have been involved in this research. The researcher was using a descriptive analysis to identify the factors that affecting to non-ideal BMI. Results.There are four major factors to be considered in the study of which are environmental factors, genetic factors, dietary factors, and physical lifestyle.About 68.82 percent of physical lifestyle was the most contributed factor compared to other factors. The majority of respondents had never performed any physical activity which was heavy in a week of 79.46 percent while for engaging in moderate physical activity 74.11 percent of the respondents only performed this activity once in a week.In addition, sitting too long also contributed to non-ideal BMI problems where 59.22 percent of respondents seated for more than seven hours a day. For spending a lot of time on the computer, the 62.50 percent of respondents spent a lot of time on the computer for e-mail, video games, video, and social media (eg. facebook, twitter, Instagram, wechat etc.) in a relatively long period of 4-6 hours a day. Conclusion. All of these factors contributed affecting the prevalence of non-ideal BMI problem. Therefore, treatment and prevention should be done immediately so that the problem can be reduced from time to time.

Keywords— Prevalence, Non-ideal BMI, Female Student, UniS-ZA

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