Examining Global Governance in Africa in Reference to African Union (AU)
- February 20, 2019
- Posted by: RSIS
- Category: History
International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue II, February 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186
Hassan Attahiru Gwandu
Department of History and International Studies, Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
Abstract: – Global Governance is a movement towards political integration of trans-national actors in response to issues that affect more than one state or region. It tends to involve institutionalizations. These institutions can be global institutions, regional institution and sub-regional institution for global governance; such as the United Nations, African Union, and ECOWAS. In the present globalized world, regions serve as an effective link amid the international and national systems. Most especially that regional organization, been regional entities are closer to the people and communities. Thus, the regional organization plays an intermediary role in building development and good governance in the world. This can be achieved by closely working from cultural and linguistic cohesion, to provide a forum for building trust and familiarity that is not conceivable on a global scale. Regional organizations can develop ground-breaking and active procedures of regional collaboration that could aid as models for the region by establishing common policies and resolving issues of contention. Therefore, the paper examines the global governance from a regional perspective (Africa), with reference to the African Union (AU).
Keywords: Governance, Good governance, African Union
Historically, globalization has been a long time phenomenon which has been going on in the world throughout the human history, although not as institution or developed as it has in this modern era. It is as old as humanity which developed thorough historical processes; from capitalism, colonialism, neocolonialism and globalization. While on the other hand, global governance; the modern system of international relations and diplomacy can be traced back to the Treaty of Westphalia’ of 1648, which marked the end of the religious war between Catholic and Protestant. At the conference after much discussions and arguments at the Westphalia, a new form of international system emerged as a result of some recommendations that were agreed open. For instance, it brought forward the issue of ‘sovereignty’ system in which all nations (empires) are independence.