Energy and Climate Change – A Global Challenge

International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue VIII, August 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Energy and Climate Change – A Global Challenge

 Dr D N Naresh1 and Vaibhav Singh2

 1Director & Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Asians Institute of Technology, Tonk (Rajasthan), India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, AIT, Tonk (Rajasthan) India

Abstract: – Change in climate is raising alarms towards the usage of Energy globally. It is difficult to comprehend as to the certainty of how technological possibility will play out in the future to provide a balance for the need for survival vis-à-vis embracing the environmental concerns. Given the attention attained by the need for energy and the impact on environment due to pollution.

In the coming years developing countries will face great challenges in development and its impact on environment. The path of development chosen by the region, upon which lies the future growth of energy and emission trajectories, would be greatly influenced by technological developments, economic cooperation between countries, and global cooperation in mitigation and adaptation of change in climate.

Environment and climate change is one of the most important global challenges, with implications for food production, water supply, health, energy, etc. Addressing climate change requires a good scientific understanding as well as coordinated action at national and global level. This paper addresses these challenges. Historically, the responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions’ increase lies largely with the industrialized world, though the developing countries are likely to be the source of an increasing proportion of future emissions. The projected environmental and climate change under various scenarios is likely to have implications on food production, water supply, coastal settlements, forest ecosystems, health, energy security, etc. The adaptive capacity of communities likely to be impacted by climate change is low in developing countries.

Keywords: Environment, Climate, Climate change, Energy, Greenhouse

I. INTRODUCTION

The efforts made by the Kyoto Protocol provisions are clearly inadequate to address the climate change challenge. The most effective way to address climate change is to adopt environmentally sustainable technologies and promotion of energy efficiency, renewable energy, forest conservation, reforestation, water conservation, etc. The issue of highest importance to developing countries is reducing the vulnerability of their natural and socio-economic systems to the projected climate change. India and other developing countries will face the challenge of promoting mitigation and adaptation strategies, bearing the cost of such an effort, and its implications for economic development.

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