Education and Years of Experience as Determinants of Coaches’ Training Needs Relating to Coaching and Mentoring Skills for Professional Practice in Benue State

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue IX, September 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Education and Years of Experience as Determinants of Coaches’ Training Needs Relating to Coaching and Mentoring Skills for Professional Practice in Benue State

Terkimbi Victor Ikpato1*, John Ityonande Ityodugh1, Tavershima Kparev1, Okeke Elizabeth Chidinma2, Akpu Emmanuel Emeka2, Mary Agajah1
1Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
2Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
*Correspondent Author

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Purpose: This study assessed education and years of experience as determinants of coaching and mentoring skills for professional practice in Benue State to assess the differences in coaching and mentoring skills based on educational qualification and years of experience. Methods: and Materials: The research design that was adopted for this study was survey research design. The Population of the study consisted of all the coaches of Benue State Sports Council Makurdi. One hundred and sixty two (162) coaches of Benue State Sports Council were used for the study. A structured questionnaire developed by the researcher was used for data collection in the study. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to analyse differences in coaches’ level of education in coaching and mentoring skills. The independent sample t-test was used to find out years of experience differences in coaching and mentoring skills. All the analyses were conducted using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 23) at 0.05 level of significance. Findings: The mean rating by coaches on their training needs ranged between 2.78 and 3.00. The analysis further indicated that, there is a significant difference in the mean ratings of educational level of coaches in Benue State on training needs relating to coaching and mentoring skills (p<0.05).Conversely, there was no significant difference in the mean ratings of years of experience of coaches in Benue State on training needs relating to coaching and mentoring skills (p>0.05). Conclusion: The study concluded that more experienced coaches should be aware that as coaches they are leaders and mentors and should build their capacity to maintain and sustain their wellbeing and that of others for their professional practice.

Key Word: Education, Experience, Coaching, Mentoring Skills, Coach, Professional Practice.

I. INTRODUCTION

Coaching and mentoring are development techniques based on the use of one-to-one discussions to enhance an individual’s skills, knowledge, or work performance. However, some companies refer to the activities of coaching and mentoring in general terms such as business coaching and mentoring, executive coaching and mentoring, skills coaching and mentoring, personal (life) coaching and mentoring, and performance coaching and mentoring (Al Hilali et al., 2020). Coaching is a process that enables learning and development to occur and thus performance to improve. To be a successful coach requires knowledge and understanding of process as well as the variety of styles, skills and techniques that are appropriate to the context in which the coaching takes place (Osei, 2008). The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) (2002) stated that “coaching targets high