Contribution of Muslim Women in Writing Field: A Survey Based on the Noorul Ain Najmul Husain Works

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) |Volume VIII, Issue IV, April 2023|ISSN 2454-6194

Contribution of Muslim Women in Writing Field: A Survey Based on the Noorul Ain Najmul Husain Works

 M.N.F. Farhana1, M.N.P. Rifasha2, P.M.A. Aleeshan3, Mohamed Haniffa Mohamed Nairoos4*
(1, 2 & 3) Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Islamic Studies & Arabic Language, SEUSL
(4) Senior Lecturer, Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Islamic Studies & Arabic Language, SEUSL.
*Corresponding Author
Received: 09 February 2023; Accepted: 21 March 2023; Published: 23 April 2023

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: – In the 21st century, the media is an instrument of vigilance. Historically, women’s contribution to the media has been marginal. In the 21st century, women’s contributions in the media industry began to increase after various struggles. As a result women are participating in various media activities. And although women have contributed massively to the success of modern media, men’s contribution to the media industry is greater than that of women. Moreover, many studies show that the contribution of women has not reached a significant level compared to the contribution of men. Nevertheless, the contributions of women can be particularly observed in the media industry in Sri Lanka. In this background, Kalapusanam Nurul Ain Najmul Husain is seen as one of the Muslim women writers in Sri Lanka not only in the field of poetry, but can also her contribution be seen in various fields like novels, short stories, magazines and newspapers. In this way, this research is a review with the main objective to identify the writing personalities of Kalapusanam Nurul Ain Najmul Husain. And, the study is qualitative and secondary data were used to achieve the task. Particularly the data has been reviewed through books, magazines, journals, internet articles, videos and presented through the narrative method. The study reveals that the personality is a famous writer in various fields such as newspapers, articles, magazines, poetry and short stories. Therefore, we hope that our study will identify the literary contribution of Kalapusanam Nurul Ain Najmul (Husain) and by reading such literary contribution, Muslim women in Sri Lanka will inspire future generations to follow the knowledge of the literary field.

Key Words: Contribution, Muslim Women, Literature, Noorul Ain Najmul Husain, Writing Field

I. Introduction

It is observable that before 1970 AD, the contribution of men more than women in the fields of literature and media. However, after the 1970s, women also started contributing to the media sector. (SanbrangE 2014). Particularly, the contributions of Muslim men and women in the field of writing are more visible in Sri Lanka today. Similarly, there are many female personalities in the field of writing. After the 1970s, women began to contribute to the television media amid major social barriers (Sanbrang, E. 2014). However, in the latter part of the twentieth century, women around the world were able to gain legal and equal rights due to their efforts to expand their access to and protect their rights in social institutions. Thus, the barriers for women in getting opportunities in the media were removed. As a result, the rate of participation of women in the media and writing fields began to increase. They also made progress in creating and operating their own media (Sanbrang, E. 2014). For example, the legacy of women’s media was carried forward in America’s Ms Magazine. Similarly, in India, the media ‘Manushi Feminism Magazine’ is Asian; the regions also set up avenues for women to participate in the media (Sanbrang, E. 2014). Suda in 2017 mentions those women’s skills; patience and perseverance are responsible for such achievements beyond male-female discrimination.
The Muslim World Diaspora communities worldwide have an incredibly rich literary history, including the majority of Muslim countries spanning Asia, the Middle East, and Africa (Global News, 2019). More and more women from the Asian region began to enter the field of literature. For example, the “Manushi Feminist Magazine” in India paved the way for women’s participation in the media in Asian regions (Zanbrangi 2014). Persian was not only the language of intellectual and artistic life in Muslim South Asia but also the official language of government and administration (Muslim Literature in South Asia, Ali Azani, 2006). For centuries, the total volume of Persian literature produced in South Asia was greater than that in Iran and poetry in Persian was the dominant and most popular form of literary composition. Poets in medieval India used all major Persian forms (Muslim Literature in South Asia Ali Azani, 2006).
Apart from the growth of the media, the education of women has created a platform for them to contribute to the media and writing sector (Global Tamil News, 2018). It can also be recognized that the number of women participating in it is less. However, it can be noted that the contribution of women in the media industry internationally is significant.