Class Size and Its Impact on Academic Performance of Pupils of Choggu Demonstration Junior High School

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue II, February 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186

Class Size and Its Impact on Academic Performance of Pupils of Choggu Demonstration Junior High School

Fuseini, Salifu Azindoo

Tutor and Head of Education Department, Tamale College of Education, Tamale, Ghana

Abstract: – The study was carried out to examine the impact of class size on the academic performance of choggu Demonstration Junior High School pupils’. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population for the study was made up of pupils and teachers in the school. The Stratified Random Sampling method was chosen. It was deem appropriate because the various forms namely form one, two and three, constituted the strata and each stratum was represented in the study to enable the researcher make generalization. Sixty two pupils each from the various forms were therefore sampled from each stratum using the simple random technique. The main tools used in the study were questionnaire and interview. The findings revealed that large class size is caused by the introduction of education policies leading to inadequate classrooms in the schools and large class sizes have a negative impact on academic performance of pupils. It concludes that the main causes of larger class size wereas results of Government Policies such as Capitation grant, FCUBE and other Religious factors. The study recommends that Ghana Education Service, District Assemblies and other stakeholders in Education should come to the aid the school.

Keywords: Academic, class size, performance, strategies, and junior high school

I. INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

In pre-literature societies, education was achieved orally and through observation and imitation. The young learn informally from parents, extended families, etc. Nowadays however, formal education is being emphasized. This consists of systematic instructions, teaching and training by professional teachers. (Miawskic, 2000). Classrooms are created in the school buildings to carry out this professional role. This building should according to Blandfords et al (2005) offer the most appropriate places and space for learning for pupils and students. These scholars maintain that it is axiomatic the environment in which learning takes place impacts positively on all its learners.

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