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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) |Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2022|ISSN 2454-6186

Cigarette Smoking: The Perceptions of Islamic Religious Leaders in the Province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines

Najeeb Razul A. Sali
Faculty Member, Islamic Studies Department, College of Islamic and Arabic Studies, Mindanao State University – Tawi-Tawi College of Technology and Oceanography, Philippines
PhD Candidate, History and Civilization Department, Kulliyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Cigarette smoking is a day-to-day practice of some Muslims, particularly in the province of Tawi-Tawi. The issue of the specific legal rule on cigarette smoking is controversial and debatable among Muslim scholars. This study shows qualitative and quantitative results on the perceptions of Muslim religious leaders on cigarette smoking in Tawi-Tawi. The key-informant interview of this study finds that cigarette smoking is haram following verses from Qur’an, 4:29, 2:195, 17:26-27; and hadith: “there should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.”Although few regarded it as makruh, the Binary Logistic Regression Analysis test result shows that age has a negative correlation with the chance of haram responding to smoking. At the same time, female respondents indicate consistency in responding to haram compared to their male counterparts. Educational attainment shows positively correlated with haram as ruling for cigarette smoking. This study concludes that cigarette smoking is haram from the Islamic perspective.
Keywords: cigarette smoking, Muslims in Philippines, logistic regression


The essential gift that Allah has ever given us is life[1], for it is due to this gift of life we could still be able to repent and correct our misdeeds (ma’shiah) and further increase and develop our good deeds (ibadah), if Allah so wills[2].
Thus, we have to give life value as Allah Himself values it. A such valuable gift which He inculcates in the Holy Qur’an and makes us obligated to give value by neither harming nor killing ourselves, and the Holy Qur’an states: “Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves.” [3]
The Holy Prophet, in this regard, had also given his divinely inspired saying (Hadith Qudsi) stating: “Abu Jundab (r.a.) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, a man was inflicted with wounds and he committed suicide, and so Allah said: my slave has caused death on himself, so I forbid paradise for him [4].”