Brain Drain and Output Performance of West African Countries

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue IX, September 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

Brain Drain and Output Performance of West African Countries

Samuel, B. Adewumi1, Chinedu, J. Ogbodo2, Ngozi B. Enebe3

1,2,3 Department of Economics, University of Nigeria

Abstract: – The current study focused on the examination of the impact of brain drain on output performance of West African countries. Data were obtained from 11 countries of the region which are Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, Mali, Benin, Niger, Cote devoir, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone, and from 1977-2016. The result shows that brain drain has a negative relationship on economic growth. This shows that the government of this region must undertake measures to reduce brain drain through increase in salary and creating good working condition for the people. Also, labour force shows insignificant relationship with economic growth of this region. This is due to the fact that large proportion of these countries labour force is unemployed; hence, they don’t contribute to economic growth. The result suggests that policy needs to be put in place that will encourage productivity and improve employment rate in these countries.

I. INTRODUCTION

Migration has turned the world into globalized settings with various dynamics and complexity, and the exodus of people, undoubtedly, brought about this complexity– in terms of globalization and financial interconnectedness (Manuel, Laura and Yansura, 2016). Overtime, economists had been on the quest to examine the source(s) as well as factors that propel the growth in economic output as well as economic development. But recently, more attention had been shifted to remittances, which is now taking a higher fraction of less developed countries Gross Domestic Product (GDP), as migration now creates a world system which interconnects different people in different region and has resulted in the expansion of the global market for goods and services (Manuel, Lindsay, Micah and Rachel,2005).

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