Artificial Intelligence and Technology for Improving the Efficiency of The Judiciary in Nigeria

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Artificial Intelligence and Technology for Improving the Efficiency of The Judiciary in Nigeria

Eli Adama Jiya1, *; Ahmed Nuruddeen Samaila2; Yusuf Surajo3
1Department of Computer Science, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria.
2Department of Software Engineering, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria.
3Department of Cyber Security, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria.
Corresponding Author*
DOI: https://doi.org/10.51584/IJRIAS.2023.8509

Received: 25 March 2023; Accepted: 05 April 2023; Published: 13 June 2023

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Technology is an essential component of the civilization of twenty-first-century society and one of the key forces influencing public sector organizations. Public infrastructures like transportation systems and important service delivery are managed using technology and powerful computing software. Artificial intelligence (AI) on the other hand helps to add intelligence to computing devices and applications through learning, reasoning, and perceiving things from data. However, the level of adoption or application of these technologies in the Nigerian judiciary seems to be low as seen during the covid-19 outbreak. The closed down of courts led to an increase in the backlog of cases due to the suspension of court proceedings. Even the option of filling cases using technology like WhatsApp could not function effectively. AI can This paper identifies some areas technology and AI can improve the performance of Nigeria’s judiciary and increase the speed of justice dispensation.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence in Judiciary, Information Technology in Judiciary, Artificial Intelligence and Legal System, Legal System in COVID-19

I. Introduction

Technology is the binding thread for the civilization of the twenty-first century, and it is transforming the planet in all spheres (Contini, 2020). Today, one of the key forces influencing public sector organizations is emerging technologies. These technologies are used to handle public infrastructures and service delivery. The drive from manual systems to online service delivery is a key agenda of many countries around the globe and was the saving option for many developed worlds during the covid-9 lockdown. The use of technology was also essential in aiding some developed nations to even continue court proceeding online (Sourdin et al., 2018)
Artificial intelligence on the other hand has also significantly transformed the world of computing by enabling devices to learn, reason, and perceive things from data and their environment (Xu, 2022). This level of intelligence of machines is made possible by machine learning algorithms that provide intelligent analysis of massive data (Contini, 2020). Artificial intelligence (AI) has already begun to have a significant impact on the field of law, and it is likely to continue to do so in the future (Journal & Sourdin, 2018). Judicial systems are using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to analyse large amounts of legal data to help lawyers identify precedents in case law. The gains of AI also support judges with predictions on issues including sentence duration and recidivism scores.