A Survey of the Proleferation of Small Arms and Cattle Rusttling in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kaduna State and Its Implication to National Security

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume III, Issue II, February 2019 | ISSN 2454–6186

A Survey of the Proleferation of Small Arms and Cattle Rusttling in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kaduna State and Its Implication to National Security

 Suleiman Amali¹, Ilim Moses Msughter², Lawal, O. YA³

 1,2Department of Sociology Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Nigeria
3Registry Department Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Nigeria

Abstract: – This study investigates the security implication of cattle rustling in Birnin Gwari local government area of Kaduna state. The major objective of the study was thus to assess the connection between proliferation of small arms and cattle rustling and then examine the security implication on the society. To achieve this grand objective, specific objectives were outlined as thus: to highlights the factors that influence the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in Birnin Gwari local government, highlight the factors that facilitates and sustain catte rustling in Birnin Gwari local government area. The study was also interested in enumerating the obstacle that affects eradication of the phenomenon and to suggest what can be done to eradicate the phenomenon in the society. The study utilised both the primary and secondary data for its analyses. A multi stage sampling techniques was used to collect data from the respondents. The total number of respondents that participated in the study was 375. The study also used the in-depth Interview method to interview police officers who were considered as key informants for the study. The data obtained from the respondents were quantitatively and qualitatively analysed. The study found out that the proliferation of small arms and light weapons is very high in Birnin Gwari local government area. The major factor identified as facilitating the proliferation of small arms in Birnin Gwari was political thuggery, and thick vegetation of the Birnin Gwari communities was discovered to provide hide out for armed bandit hence facilitating the phenomenon of cattle rustling. It is therefore the recommendation of this study that political offices in Nigeria be made less attractive to discourage the use of thugs for election. Also s stiffer penalties and effective enforcement of laws should be embarked on. The study also suggests that the borders need to be closely monitored for what goes in and pout of the state and country. Finally the study suggests that employment opportunities be created to engage the youths who are the major perpetrators armed conflict and violence.

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