A Study to Rationalize the Degree of Targeting Rural Communty Development through the Development Projects Localized Within Rural Communities (Based on Mattala Rajapaksha Airport Construction Project in Sri Lanka)

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue XI, November 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

A Study to Rationalize the Degree of Targeting Rural Community Development through the Development Projects Localized Within Rural Communities (Based on Mattala Rajapaksha Airport Construction Project in Sri Lanka)

Samarakoon MT

Professor in Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

Abstract:-Third world countries in the global setting implement wide-ranging development projects to achieve imperative development ambitions and those projects are in different attributes as well. It is a noticeable fact that Sri Lanka being one of the Asian countries initiated colossal effort to establish Mattala Rajapaksha Airport in Southern Sri Lanka .The pivotal focus of this project was to improve tourism industry and to provide services for airlines, also based on a rural social structure in the area of Mattala. In this context, this research study revealed to which degree the attention was paid on the rural social structure while ensuing aspirations of people on rural development in the area of Mattala once the Airport development project is implemented within the framework of national development goals. In this respect it was possible to diagnose that this area being a prominent Agro-based locale and people had lost their cultivable land across the project. Yet, in contrary, the community in the area could access for new job opportunity which was a direct outcome of the project. However, a review was done through this study on how best the project required to give higher priority to surmount the needs of communities such as ; infra structural facilities, access for services and other essential social needs.

Key Words: Airport development project; Maththala, Rural community development; Rural community structure; Thrid World Countries.

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