A Study on Contributor Factors of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) Questionnaire among Children in Shelter Care Institutions in Terengganu Malaysia

International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue II, February 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

A Study on Contributor Factors of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) Questionnaire among Children in Shelter Care Institutions in Terengganu Malaysia

Siti Hajar, A. R.*, Farah Nasuha, S., Hanisah, I., Ahmad Bisyri, H. M. M., & Nuruaslizawati, A.

Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia

Abstract- This study aims to identify the most contributed factors in Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) questionnaire among children in Shelter Care Institutions in Terengganu Malaysia. The sample consists of 234 respondents from six institutions by using 21-items version of the DASS-21 questionnaire. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to study the most essential contributed factor in the questionnaire. The initial PCA show five variables factors out of 21-item as the most significant for factors with a considerable eigen value > 1. The result from factor loading after varimax rotation show that VF1 has five variables, VF2 and VF3 has four variables, VF4 has two variables while VF5 has three variables. We suggest that the further study might be required to assess the status among gender and level of academic.

Keywords- depression, anxiety, stress, shelter care, institution, children

I. INTRODUCTION

Depression, anxiety and stress are seen as a problem for today’s society that it can cause physical and mental disorders. This problem can occur and be experienced by anyone regardless of age, gender, economic status and education status. Depression is a type of mental illness requiring intensive care too bad and the possibility of this illness can be stressful, low mood, lost focus, loss of appetite and lose interest in a thing and activity enjoyed before and someone’s life will be empty and lonely. According to Manning and Well (1992) [16] and Simon G et al., (1995) [23], depression also associated with high rates of health has severe limitations affecting everyday life. According to Riemann et al., (2010)[21] says that the most frequent report on depression is the problem of difficulty sleeping with difficulty. The risk of depression in one’s life is high due to a life full of stress and problems.

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