A Review on Material & Ballistic Energy Absorption of Body Armour

International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue XII, December 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

A Review on Material & Ballistic Energy Absorption of Body Armour

Nikky1, Dr. P Sudhakar Rao2

1ME Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITTTR Chandigarh, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITTTR Chandigarh, India

Abstract: Body armour is a material used by the force to protect body from various kinds of injuries, high speed projectile bullet and in other hazard situations. Body armour is always a compromise: mobility and comfort (with its speed and stamina). Currently used bullet proof vest & helmets used by force are very heavy causing a lot of discomfort & leaving the personnel at a disadvantage during an encounter with heavily armed terrorist. Due to the various invention in firearms there are various materials used in body armour i.e. ballistic fabrics, ceramics and laminated composites so that it can be light in weight, damage resistant, great energy absorbing capacity, comfort in use, flexible in design and manufacturing and most important less in cost. Based on comprehensive and critical review of the researches carried out, a comparative study of the commercial and current development of material used, their various material properties and ballistic energy absorption capacity is studied in this paper.

Keywords: Projectile bullet, Firearms, Ballistic fabrics, Damage resistant

I. INTRODUCTION

Body armour is a type of protective clothing which is designed to absorb or deflect slashing, bludgeoning and penetrating attacks by various weapons. In ancient time, it was used to protect military personnel, whereas today, it is also used to protect police (riot police in particular), private citizens, private security guards etc.

Modern body armours are mainly two types:

• Soft body armour
• Hard body armour

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