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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) |Volume VII, Issue X, October 2022|ISSN 2454-6194

A Review of Virtual Environment for Sharing Curriculum and Research Collaboration among Universities in Kenya during COVID-19 Pandemic

Jeremiah Osida Onunga1, Anselimo Peters Ikoha2
1Tutorial Fellow, Turkana University College, & PhD candidate, Kibabii University, Kenya.
2Senior Lecture, Department of Information Technology, Kibabii University, Kenya.

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Universities in Kenya need to be aware of the impact of curriculum and course sharing in order to become world-class academic institutions and to help one another during this period of COVID-19 pandemic. This research filled an unexplored gap in regards to the impact of curriculum and course enablers; trust, knowledge self-efficacy, reciprocal benefits, top management support, organizational rewards, organizational culture, curriculum system infrastructure and curriculum system quality, openness in communication, and face-to-face (F2F) interactive communication on knowledge sharing that supports teaching, learning and research collaboration by University faculty members. The study further classified these enablers into a six point pyramid of variables on adoption; personal volition, education resource availability, technical capability, conceptual awareness, legal permission, infrastructure access. The purpose of this study was to research factors associated with curriculum sharing that University management should leverage to ensure a strong innovation management process and successfully deliver quality teaching and learning to the intended customer. No prior research has focused on the impact of curriculum enablers that influence research university members to share knowledge, research findings, and curriculum and course materials via a virtual environment. Virtual education environment is a standard and accepted way of life, and many people prefer the virtual system as it comes with numerous advantages such as saving on costs and time spent. A self-administered questionnaire was employed on members of fourteen universities in Kenya using the google form for survey. The usable responses were analysed and review results discussed. This review work proposes the development of a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) to capture the strengths of all the three Virtual platforms and this review work.

Keywords; Strategies, Curriculum, Virtual environment, Virtual education, Universities, partial least squares.


The evolving growth in networking and telecommunication technologies leads to their enhanced usage in many and different aspects of human activity. One of the technologies that shows great interest is Collaborative Virtual Environments, which may be used in various applications, such as tele-education. Virtual Learning Environments (Britain & Liber, 1999) are learning management software systems that synthesize the functionality of computer-mediated communication software and on-line methods of delivering course material. Most of the systems that are