A Qualitative Analysis of Universal Basic Education Policy Implementation Strategies in Nigeria: Effective Management for Goals Realization

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume II, Issue IX, September 2018 | ISSN 2454–6186

A Qualitative Analysis of Universal Basic Education Policy Implementation Strategies in Nigeria: Effective Management for Goals Realization

Arop Festus Obun1, Owan Valentine Joseph2, Ekpang Martin Akan3

1, 3 Ph.D, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
2Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Abstract:-The study assessed qualitatively, the implementation strategies of the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Policy in Nigeria. In order to provide insights into the topic, terms were clarified accordingly. The Universal Basic Education goals were stated as contained in the policy statement of the National Policy on Education. The proposed strategies for the realization of the goals of UBE were stated and analysed accordingly. Relevant literatures were cited to provide understanding of the issues involved. A critique was carried out on the implementation of the stated strategies in order to x-ray the strengths and weaknesses underlying the implementation of UBE policy. It was discovered that the formulated policy of the UBE was very good including the strategies documented to attain stated objectives of the programme. It was also observed that the programme has witness some setback at its implementation phase. Based on these problems, five critical questions were asked to serve as a blueprint for judging whether the UBE programme has achieved its objectives or not. Based on these, recommendations and conclusion were made for policy implementation reform.

Keywords: Implementation Strategies, Management, Policy, Educational policy, Universal Basic Education, Realization of goals.

I. INTRODUCTION

The importance of education cannot be over-emphasized; as nations who prioritize education progress by leaps and bounds. Global educational policy as the UN Human Rights declared access and participation of education as a fundamental human right for all global citizens of the world (Odukoya, 2009). In every modern society it is believed that education is the key to national development and there is a need to maintain every level of education especially the pre-primary stage, because it is the bedrock upon which all other educational levels build.

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