Volume V Issue XI

Publication for  Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2018 is in process…

Finite Element Analysis of Coir Fiber Reinforced Bituminous Pavements

Shaina Hashim, Satyakumar M – November 2018 Page No.: 01-05

The maintenance of rural roads is becoming an increasing challenge as a result of the rapid growth of the network and increase in traffic volume. Fiber reinforcement of bituminous mixes can be easily adopted in rural road construction without any appreciable increase in construction cost. Only limited studies are there in the field of thin bituminous mixes used for rural road. Coir fiber has been used as the reinforcement for bituminous mix based on laboratory studies. A three layer pavement system was considered for the study comprising of subgrade, base and surface course. The pavement system was modelled using two dimensional finite element method and the tensile strain in the interface between bituminous layer and base and compressive strain above the subgrade are determined; which are the design criteria for design of pavement in M-E method. The increase in service life of the pavements is expressed as Traffic Benefit Ratio (TBR). This study has shown that coir fiber reinforcement when correctly introduced can reduce the rutting and improve the life of pavements even in thin bituminous pavements.

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 November 2018

 Shaina Hashim
Local Self Government Department, Government of Kerala

 Satyakumar M
Local Self Government Department, Government of Kerala

[1]. Abdelaziz Maharez, Mohamed Rehan Karim,(2005), “Fatigue and Deformation Properties of Glass Fiber Reinforced Bituminous Mixes”, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 6
[2]. Animesh Das, Pandey.B.B,(1999), “M-E Design of Bituminous road: an Indian Perspective”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol.125, No.5
[3]. Bathe, K. J. Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis. Prentice-Hall, 1982.
[4]. Chandra, S., Viladkar, M. N. and Prashant, P. N. (2008), “Mechanistic Approach for Fiber Reinforced Flexible Pavements”, ASCE (10). pp.1061-1069
[5]. Chen-Ming Kuo ,Fang-Ju Chou,(2004), “Development Of 3-D Finite Element Model For Flexible Pavements” Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 707
[6]. Dassault System’s Simulia Corp, The ABAQUS 6.11-1 user’s manual, USA, 2011.
[7]. Elahe Ghasemi Salehabadi , (2012), “The Linear Elastic Analysis of Flexible Pavement by the Finite Element Method and Theory of Multiple-Layers System” Switzerland Research Park Journal, Vol. 101, No. 9; September 2012, 363-371
[8]. Helwany, S., Dyer, J., and Leidy, J. (1998), “Finite Element Analysis of Flexible Pavements”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, pp: 491–499.
[9]. Hibbit, Karlsson, Sorensen(2001), “ABAQUS, Finite Element Computer Program. Theory Manual. Version 6.3-1”,Inc., Pawtucket, USA
[10]. Huang, Y H (1993) “Pavement Analysis and Design” , Prentice –Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ
[11]. IRC 37 -2012,“Tentative Guidelines For The Design Of Flexible Pavements”
[12]. IRC:SP:72-2015, “Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavements for Low Volume Rural Roads”
[13]. Jayhyun Kwon, Erol Tutumluer, Imad L. Al-Qadi,(2009) “Validated Mechanistic Model for Geogrid Base Reinforced Flexible Pavements”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 135, No. 12, pp. 915-926
[14]. Lu Sun, Ronald Hudson, Zhanming Zhang, (2003), “ Empirical –Mechanistic Method Based Stochastic Modelling of Fatigue Damage to Predict Flexible Pavement Cracking for Transportation Infrastructure Management”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, Vol129, No2, pp-109-117
[15]. Mostafa A. Elseifi, Imad L. Al-Qadi, F. ,Pyeong Jun Yoo,(2006), “ Viscoelastic Modeling and Field Validation of Flexible Pavements”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics , Vol. 132, No. 2
[16]. Osama Mahmoud Yassenn, IntanRohani, Mohamed Ahmed Hafez, Hazem Mahmood Yaseen, (2015), “Finite Element Modelling of Flexible Pavement”, Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) ISSN: 3159-0040 Vol. 2 Issue 1, January
[17]. Rahman M.T. , Mahmud K , Ahsan S, (2011), Stress­ Strain Characteristics of Flexible pavement using Finite Element Analysis”, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2
[18]. Ranadive MS, Katkar AG,(2010), “Finite Element Analysis of Flexible Pavements”, Indian Highways, June 2010
[19]. Satyakumar. M, Shaina Hashim, (2016), “Comparitive Study On Properties Of Coir Fiber And Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Bituminous Mixes” Indian Highways, June 2016 pp17-25
[20]. Yoder, E. J., and Witczak, M. W. (1975).Principles of pavement design, 2nd Ed., Wiley, N.Y.

Shaina Hashim, Satyakumar M “Finite Element Analysis of Coir Fiber Reinforced Bituminous Pavements” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.01-05 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/01-05.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Green Computing: An Era of Energy-Efficient Computing Over Cloud
Shailesh Saxena, Ankur Kumar, Shreyi Mittal – November 2018 – Page No.: 06-10

Cloud computing is the Buzzword in the ICT sector for high performance computing. It continues grabbing headlines as one of the biggest technology trends gains momentum. Cloud provides lots of benefits in the fields of Businesses and individuals, like high performance, convenience and cost savings, so they increasingly choose cloud services to stay competitive. Our main focus is on the capabilities of the cloud due to which we forget about the environmental impacts derived from the technology. In the business world Cloud computing contributes to the green computing movement through energy and resource efficiency. As energy costs are increasing while availability dwindles, so it is required to focus on optimisation of energy efficiency while maintaining high service level performance rather than optimising data centre resource management. This paper highlights the impact of Green Cloud computing model that accomplishes not just efficient processing and utilisation of computing infrastructure, but also reduce energy consumption. This paper exhibits the methods which increase the power efficiency and minimize power consumption of the data centers.

Page(s): 06-10                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 November 2018

 Shailesh Saxena
Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, SRMS CETR, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

 Ankur Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, SRMS CETR, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

 Shreyi Mittal
Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, SRMS CETR, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

[1]. Che-Yuan Tu; Wen-Chieh Kuo; Yao-Tsung Wang; Shiau, S.; “E2CC: Building energy efficient ClassCloud using DRBL,” Grid Computing, 2009 10th IEEE/ACM International Conference on, vol., no., pp.189-195, 13-15 Oct. 2009.doi: 10.1109/GRID.2009.5353060
[2]. Baliga, J.; Ayre, R.W.A.; Hinton, K.; Tucker, R.S.; “Green Cloud Computing: Balancing Energy in Processing, Storage, and Transport,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol.99, no.1, pp.149-167, Jan. 2011.doi: 10.1109/JPROC.2010.2060451
[3]. ‘High Performance Buildings: Data Centers Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS)’ http://hightech.lbl.gov/documents/UPS/Final_UPS_Report.pdf
[4]. M. Armbrust, A. Fox, R. Griffith, A. D. Joseph, R. Katz, A. Konwinski, G. Lee, D. Patterson, A. Rabkin, I. Stoica, and M. Zaharia, “A view of cloud computing,” Commun. ACM, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 50–58, 2010.
[5]. R. Buyya, “Market-oriented cloud computing: Vision, hype, and reality of delivering computing as the 5th utility,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Cluster Comput. Grid, May 2009, p. 1.
[6]. L. A. Barroso and U. Hölzle, “The case for energy-proportional computing,” IEEE Comput., vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 33–37, Dec. 2007.
[7]. L. A. Barroso and U. Hölzle, “The Datacenter as a Computer: An Introduction to the Design of Warehouse-Scale Machines”. San Rafael, CA: Morgan and Claypool, 2009
[8]. L. Minas and B. Ellison, Energy Efficiency for Information Technology: How to Reduce Power Consumption in Servers and Data Centers. Intel Press, 2009.
[9]. S. Akiyama, T. Hirofuchi, R. Takano, and S. Honiden, “MiyakoDori: A Memory Reusing Mechanism for Dynamic VM Consolidation,” in Cloud Computing (CLOUD), 2012 IEEE 5th International Conference on, pp. 606–613, IEEE, 2012.

Shailesh Saxena, Ankur Kumar, Shreyi Mittal “Green Computing: An Era of Energy-Efficient Computing Over Cloud ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.06-10 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/06-10.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Home Automation Security System with IoT and Embedded System
Khyati Baghel, Deepak Sharma- November 2018 – Page No.: 11-13

The paper explains the importance of accessing modern smart homes over the IOT and embedded system and highlights various security issues associated with it. Home automation allows us to control household appliances like lighting, door locks, heating, fan, air conditioning etc. It also provides home security and emergency system to be activated. Home automation system not only refers to reduce human efforts but also energy efficiency and time saving. The main objective of this paper is home automation and security such as access control and alarm systems in smart door locks. When connected with the internet, home devices are an important constituent of the IoT. There are number of applications addressing home automation and monitoring involving infrared/Bluetooth or Ethernet or Wi-Fi.

Page(s): 11-13                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 November 2018

 Khyati Baghel
Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

 Deepak Sharma
Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

[1]. Reza Malekian, Ning Ye Arun Cyril Jose, “Improving Home Automation Security; Integrating Device Fingerprinting into Smart Home,” IEEE Access 4, pp. 5776-5787, 2016.
[2]. Arun Cyril jose and Reza Malekian, “Improving Smart Home Security; Integrating Logical Sensing into Smart Home,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 13, no. 17, pp. 4269-4286, 2017.
[3]. Murizah Kassim and Cik Ku Haroswati Che Ku Yahya Azfarina Jaafar, “Dynamic home automation security(DyHAS) alert system with laser interfaces on webpages and windows mobile using respberry Pi,” Control and System Graduate Research Colloquium (ICSGRC), 2016 7th IEEE, pp. 153-158, 2016.
[4]. D. Wijekoon, M. Tharugasini, I. Perera, C. Silva K. Atukorala, “SmartEye – Integrated solution to home automation,” , 2009, pp. 64-69.
[5]. Lakshmi P. and Santhanalakshmi S. Brundha S.M., “Home Automation in Client-Server Approach with User Notification along with Efficient Security Alerting system,” in Smart Technologies For Smart Nation (SmartTechCon), 2017 International Conference On. IEEE, 2017, pp. 596-601.
[6]. Jayashri Bangali and Arvind Shaligram, “Design and Implementation of Security Systems for Smart Home based on GSM technology”, International Journal of Smart Home Vol.7, No.6 (2013), pp.201-208.
[7]. Deepali Javale, Mohd. Mohsin, Shreerang Nandanwar, Mayur Shingate, “Home Automation and Security System Using Android ADK”, International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Technology (IJECCT) Volume 3 Issue 2 (March 2013).
[8]. A. Juels RFID security and privacy: A research survey IEEE Journal on chosen areas in Computing, 24(2):381– 394, February 2006.
[9]. N. Agarwal and S. G. Nayak, “Microcontroller based home security system with remote monitoring,” Special Issue of International Journal of Computer Applications”, pp. 38-41, 2012.
[10]. A. Tseloni, R. Thompson, L. Grove, N. Tilley, and G. Farrell, “The effectiveness of burglary security devices”, Security Journal, 2014.
[11]. Sheikh Izzal Azid and Sushil Kumar, “Analysis and Performance of a Low Cost SMS Based Home Security System”, International Journal of Smart Home, vol. 5, no. 3, (2011) July.

Khyati Baghel, Deepak Sharma “Home Automation Security System with IoT and Embedded System ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp. 11-13 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/11-13.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Optimal Monetary Policy Instrument in Setting Monetary Policy Reaction Function in Nigeria

Ibrahim Umar Bambale, Abubakar Isah Funtua – November 2018 Page No.: 40-45

This paper sets out to ascertain the performance of alternative monetary policy instruments in setting monetary policy reaction function in Nigeria and, in the process identify whether setting monetary policy reaction function using the interest rate as the policy instrument is superior to setting monetary policy reaction function using the money growth rate as the policy instrument in Nigeria. To achieve this objective, the performance of the alternative specifications in setting monetary policy reaction function is considered following three types of shocks the economy is historically susceptible to for comparative purpose. This is done using a calibrated small open-economy New Keynesian Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) model of the Nigerian Economy. Within this framework, the alternative specifications are ranked based on the results of social welfare loss. The study shows that 1.3279 is the minimum welfare loss result of setting monetary policy reaction function using the interest rate as the policy instrument, compared with 1.02 minimum welfare loss result of setting monetary policy reaction function using the money growth rate as the policy instrument. The paper concludes that using the money growth rate option is welfare superior to using the interest rate option in Nigeria. Therefore, the result suggests that Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) should consider using money growth rate in setting monetary policy reaction function, which is consistent with anti-inflationary policies./p>

Page(s): 40-45                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 November 2018

 Ibrahim Umar Bambale
Department of Economic, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

 Abubakar Isah Funtua
Department of Economics & Development Studies, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Nigeria

[1]. Garcia CJ. Is the Phillips curve useful for monetary policy in Nigeria? 2010.
[2]. Ojo MO. Transition to Full-Fledged Inflation Targeting: A Proposed Programme for Implementation by the Central Bank of Nigeria: Central Bank of Nigeria; 2013.
[3]. CBN. Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Model for Monetary Policy Analysis in Nigeria. In: Department CBoNR, editor. Abuja2013. p. 106.
[4]. Poole W. Optimal choice of monetary policy instruments in a simple stochastic macro model. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1970;84(2):197-216.
[5]. Taylor JB, editor Using monetary policy rules in emerging market economies. revised version of a paper presented at the 75 th Anniversary Conference,“Stabilization and Monetary Policy: The International Experience,” Bank of Mexico, November; 2000.
[6]. Adebiyi MA, Mordi C, editors. Estimating Small Scale Macroeconometric Model (SSMM) For Nigeria: A Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) Approach. EcoMod 2010-International Conference on Economic Modelling; 2010.
[7]. Alege PO. Macroeconomic policies and business cycles in Nigeria: 1970-2004: Covenant University; 2008.
[8]. Auray S, Fève P. On the observational (non) equivalence of money growth and interest rate rules. Journal of Macroeconomics. 2008;30(3):801-16.
[9]. Végh CA. Monetary policy, interest rate rules, and inflation targeting: Some basic equivalences. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001.
[10]. Friedman M, Schwartz A. A monetary history ofthe United States. Princeton University Press; 1963.
[11]. Taylor JB. Using Monetary Policy Rules in Emerging Market Economies. 2010.
[12]. Beltran D, Draper D. Estimating the parameters of a small open economy DSGE model: Identifiability and inferential validity. 2008.
[13]. Alpanda S, Kotzé K, Woglom G. Should central banks of small open economies respond to exchange rate fluctuations? the case of South Africa. Economic Research Southern Africa, Working Paper. 2010;174.
[14]. Olayide O, Ikpi A, Okoruwa V, Akinyosoye V. Agricultural trade balance and food self-sufficiency: Implications for sustainable development in Nigeria. World Rural Observations. 2011;3(4):59-64.
[15]. Mohammed AA, Whitten GW. Exchange Rate Pass Through into Consumer Price Inflation and Macroeconomic Shocks in Nigeria: An Empirical Investigation. 2016.
[16]. Senbeta SR. A Small Open Economy New Keynesian DSGE model for a foreign exchange constrained economy. 2011.
[17]. Taylor JB. A historical analysis of monetary policy rules. Monetary policy rules: University of Chicago Press; 1999. p. 319-48.
[18]. Gali J, Monacelli T. Optimal monetary and fiscal policy in a currency union. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2005.

Ibrahim Umar Bambale, Abubakar Isah Funtua “Optimal Monetary Policy Instrument in Setting Monetary Policy Reaction Function in Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) vol.2 issue 11, pp.40-45 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijriss/Digital-Library/volume-2-issue-11/40-45.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

A Prospective Observational Study on Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anemia in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Ch.Archana, D.Siva Sankar, D.Jyothi, C.Bhargava Reddy, G.Venugopal Gupta – November 2018 Page No.: 14-18

Back ground- Anemia is a condition where hemoglobin levels in blood falls below the normal levels. RBC and their oxygen carrying capacity are insufficient to meet physiological needs. However for detecting anemia the WHO has recommended certain cutoff levels of hemoglobin for different ages below which the individual is consideration is anemic.
Objectives: To access the prevalence and risk factors of anemia in a tertiary care hospital.
Materials and methods: A Prospective observational study was conducted in Santhiram medical college and general hospital, Nandyal from July 2017 to December 2017, to study the prevalence of anemia and risk factors among population, where clinical data are collected by using case sheets to study anemic conditions were diagnosed based on complete blood picture (HB, MCV) levels, past medical history and dietary habits.
Study design: A total of 84 patients were evaluated for their anemia condition, out of which 69 patients showed positive results, to anemia. The prevalence and risk factors of anemia was summarized as count and percentage. A chi-square test was used to asses, the prevalence among different age groups-gender and risk factor identification based on diet, age group, past medical history.
Results: out of all the subjects 72.6% (n=61) are anemic, in this female subjects showed 78%,male subjects showed 28% and Risk factor assessment was done.
Discussion: In the current study we assessed the prevalence and risk factors of anemia in population presiding in Santhiram general hospital, Nandyal. In our study prevalence of anemia is alarmingly high. Microcytic type is highly observed. Female subjects are more prone to anemia compared to male subjects. Anemia condition is common in the age group of 55-65 years. Chronic kidney disorder is the major risk factor for causing anemia. This was compared to World Health Organization criteria.
Conclusion: Our study proves that prevalence of anemia is more in female with age group 55-65 years in that Microcytic anemia is commonly observed. Our study advises that, age, traditional eating habits, past medical history of the subjects are main reason for arising anemia. Providing health and nutrition education will be the key involvements to prevent and control this huge health problem.

Page(s): 14-18                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 November 2018

 Ch.Archana
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

 D.Siva Sankar
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

 D.Jyothi
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

 C.Bhargava Reddy
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

 G.Venugopal Gupta
Department of General Medicine, Santhiram Medical College & General Hospital, Nandyal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

[1]. Matthew Rong Jie Tay, Yong Yau Ong, FRCP (Edin), FRACP, “Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anaemia in Older hospitalized Patients” sage journals, (20),(2011),71-78.
[2]. Debjit Chattopadhyay, Shouvanik Adhya, “prevalence of anaemia among OPD patients of a tertiary Care Hospital of Eastern India” J. Dental and Medical Sciences, 10,(6), (2013), 1-3
[3]. Mohamed Ag Ayoya, Ismael Ngnie-Teta, Marie nancy seraphin, aisa Mamadoultaibou, Ellen Boldon, Jean Ernst saint-Fleur, Leslie koo, Samuel Bernard “prevalence and Risk factors of Anaemia among Children 6-59 Months Old in Haiti” Hindawi publishing corporation anaemia (2013), 2013, 1-3.
[4]. M D Ughasoro, MBBS Mph, MSC (Health Economics), FWACP; I J Emodi, MBBS, FMCPaed; H U Okafor, MBBS FWACP, FMCPaed; B C lbe, MBBS,FWACP, FMCPaed, “prevalence and risk factors of anaemia in paediatric patients in South-East Nigeria” South African Journal of Child Health, (9), (2015), 14-17.
[5]. Sajini varghese, surya kandashamparambil kamalakarababu, surash sabastian vadakkedam, “prevalence and severity of anaemia among hospitalized children aged 6-59 months”, J.Evolution Med.Dent.Sci. (6),iss 82,(2017),5740-54.
[6]. Al-Ahmad A, Aand WM, Manjunath G, “Reduced kidney function and anemia as risk factors for mortality in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol, 38, (2001), 955-62.
[7]. Kuster GM, Moschovitis G, Tanner H, “Prevalence of anaemia in chronic heart failure”, Int J Cardiol, 86, (2002), 115-21.
[8]. Muthusamy BG, Sumithra S, Venugopal V, “Prevalence of anaemia among the hospitalized children in a rural tertiary care teaching hospital. Int J Contemp pediatr, (2), (2017), 431-7.
[9]. De Jager J, Kooy A, Lehert P, Wulffele MG, Van der kolk J, Bets D, “Long term treatment with metformine in patients with type 2 diabetes and risk of vitamin B-12 deficiency: randomized placebo controlled trial, British Medical Journal, 340, (2010).
[10]. Boogaerts MA, Joosten E, Hiele M, Noyen, Pelemans W, Verhaeghe R, “Prevalence and causes of anaemia in a geriatric hospitalized population”,Gerontology, (1-2),(1992),111-7.
[11]. WHO Global Database on anaemia, “Worldwide prevalence of anaemia 1993-2005. Geneva, Switzerland”, World Health Organization, 2008.
[12]. Chhatwal J. Kaur G.Verma M, “prevalence of anemia among urban school children of Punjab”, Indian Paediatr,(12),(1988),1181 -6.
[13]. Bobrow E, brooker S, Hall A, Jukes M,Lambo J, Nokes K, “Anaemia in schoolchildren in eight countries in Africa and Asia. Public health Nutrition, 4, (2001), 749-56.

Ch.Archana, D.Siva Sankar, D.Jyothi, C.Bhargava Reddy, G.Venugopal Gupta “A Prospective Observational Study on Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anemia in a Tertiary Care Hospital” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.14-18 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/14-18.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The Effect of Non Pharmalogical (Chayote, Aerobic Exercise, and Rosella Tea) on Blood Pressure of Menopause Women Who Have Hypertension
Nurul Hidayah, Marsaid, Sulastyawati – November 2018 – Page No.: 19-24

Hypertension rarely didn’t show signs and symptoms, so that it was known as ‘the silent killer’. It could continue for many years till the sufferer fell down into emergency condition and it exposed to heart disease, stroke, or kidney damage and lead to death. Hypertension often happened toward almost women after in the age of 55 or who experienced menopause. Hypertension could be controlled by pharmacology and nonpharmacology (complementary) treatment. Many patients chose a safer way than taking medicine. Those ways included doing exercise in regularly, a balanced diet, reducing salt intake, losing weight, avoiding smoking or using traditional medicine or herbs. Herbal therapy is a process of healing by using various medicinal herbs medicine. The purpose of this research was to know the effect of chayote, rosella tea, and aerobic exercise toward blood pressure of menopause women and experiencing hypertension. This research useda quasy experiment with 45 subjects. Inclusion criteria were menopause and hypertensivewomen with a purposive sampling method. The data were analyzed to give result that there was significant effect of giving chayote juice and rosella tea to the decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However aerobic exercise had no significant effect.

Page(s): 19-24                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 November 2018

 Nurul Hidayah
Nursing Department, Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

 Marsaid
Nursing Department, Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

 Sulastyawati
Nursing Department, Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

[1]. World Health Organisation (WHO), “New data highlight increases inhypertension, diabetes incidence,” Available on: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2012, 2012. Accessed on : September, 2017.
[2]. Sustrany, Lan., “Hipertensi Dan Diabetes Mellitus,. PT. Gramedia Jakarta Utama , Jakarta, 2009.
[3]. Bambang, Hartono.,“Hipertensi: The Sillent Killer. Artikel Penelitian dalamRangka hari Hipertensi Sedunia,” Perhimpunan Hipertensi Indonesia, Jakarta, 2011.
[4]. Junaidi,I., “Stroke beware of threats,” Penerbit Andi, Yogyakarta, 2011.
[5]. Bangun, AP, “Juice therapy and Traditional Herbs for hypertension,” Agro Media Pustaka, Jakarta, 2002.
[6]. Nisa, I., “Ajaibnya terapi herbaltumpas penyakit darah tinggi,” Dunia Sehat , Jakarta, 2012.
[7]. Lingga Kurniasari.,“Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Tomat terhadap TekananDarah pada Lansia Penderita Hipertensi di Panti Sosial Tresna WherdaUnit Abiyoso Yogyakarta,. Naskah Publikasi Program Studi IlmuKeperawatan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, 2012.
[8]. Pinasthika, Gavrila.,“Pengaruh Pemberian Seduhan Kelopak Kering Bunga Rosella(Hibiscus sabdarifa) Terhadap Tekanan Darah Penderita Prehipertensi dan HipertensiGrade 1 yang Diedukasi Gaya Hidup Sehat,”Available on: https://eprints.undip.ac.id/33299/1/Gavrila_P.pdf.//‎‎, Accessed on: Mei, 2017.
[9]. Suyono, S.,“Science of internal medicine,” Edition 3(2), PKUI, Jakarta, 2007.
[10]. Astari, et al., “The influence of elderly gymnastics on elderly blood pressure with hypertension in elderly gymnastic group in Banjar Kaja Sesetan, South Denpasar,” Unpublished, 2012.
[11]. Perry HM Jr, Davis BR, Price TR, et al., “Effect of treating isolatedsystolic hypertension on the risk of developing various types and subtypesof stroke: the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP),” JAMA, 284, pp. 465–71, 2000.
[12]. Lemeshow S, Hosmer DW, Klar J, Lwanga SK., “Adequacy of sample size in health studies,” World Health Organization, 1-4, 1990.
[13]. Notoatmodjo, Sukidjo. “Health Research Methodology,” Rineka Cipta, Jakarta, 2007.
[14]. Hidayat A., “Menopause sebagai Peristiwa Biopsikososial,”Jakarta ,2012.
[15]. Gardner, F Samuel, “Smart Treatment for High Blood Pressure,” Prestasi Pustakaraya,Jakarta, 2007.
[16]. Giriwijoyo,S., “Sports for Health,”. Balai Pustaka, Jakarta, 2007.
[17]. Flick, G.J. Jr, Aung, L.H., Ory, R.L., and St Angelo, A.J.,“Nutrient composition and selected enzymeactivities in Sechium edule Sw, the mirliton,” Journal ofFood Science,42, pp.11–13, 1977.
[18]. Maryani, Herti and Kristiana, Lusi.,“Benefits of rosella,” Agro Media Pustaka, Jakarta, 2009.
[19]. Widyanto, Poppy and Anne Nelistya,“Various processed Rosella, Benefits, & Potion,” Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta, 2009.
[20]. Nursalam, “Concept and Application of Research Methodology of Nursing Science,” Salemba Medika, Jakarta, 2008

Nurul Hidayah, Marsaid, Sulastyawati “The Effect of Non Pharmalogical (Chayote, Aerobic Exercise, and Rosella Tea) on Blood Pressure of Menopause Women Who Have Hypertension” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.19-24 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/19-24.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Blood Pressure Reduction in Hypertensive Patients
Hurun Ain, Nurul Hidayah, Marsaid – November 2018 – Page No.: 25-30

Hypertension is one of the most influential risk factors for the incidence of heart disease and blood vessels. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on blood pressure decrease in hypertensive patients. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation to decrease blood pressure. This study using a quasy experimental design, by non equivalent control group. Fifty sample were recruited by consecutive sampling with the criteria that they had hypertension with systolic blood pressure ≥140-160 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 – 100 mmHg, aged <60 years. Sample divided into 2 groups. The treatment group was given progressive muscle relaxation for 3 consecutive days and measured the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Data were analyzed by Paired t test, wilcoxon sign rank test, Independent t test, and Mann Whitney test with significance level of 95%. The result showed that there was significant effect of progressive muscle relaxation on decreasing systolic blood pressure (p=0.00) but not for diastolic blood pressure (p=0.39). The progressive muscle relaxation effective to decrease blood pressure on hypertensive patient. Suggested nurses apply this intervention in helping to lower the patient’s blood pressure.

Page(s): 25-30                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 November 2018

 Hurun Ain
Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

 Nurul Hidayah
Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

 Marsaid
Malang State Health Polytechnic, Ijen Street 77C, Malang 65112, East Java, Indonesia

Kementerian Kesehatan RepublikIndonesia, “Masalah Hipertensi diIndonesia,” 2012, Available at: http://www.depkes.go.id/index.php/, Accessed on September, 2018.
[2]. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur, “Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2012,”. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2, Accessed on September, 2018.
[3]. Schwickert, M., “Stress management in the treatment of essential arterial hypertension,” MMW Fortschritte der Medizin, 148(47), pp.. 40–42, 2006.
[4]. Abgrall-Barbry, G. and Consoli, S. M., “Psychological approaches in hypertension management,” Presse medicale, 35(62), pp. 1088–94, 2006.
[5]. Weisser, B., “Relaxation techniques for patients with high blood pressure,” MMW Fortschritte der Medizin, 149(45), pp. 45–46, 2007.
[6]. Rainforth, M. V.,“Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Current hypertension reports, 9(6), pp. 520–8, 2007.
[7]. Bell, E. T. and Pedersen, A. H., “The Causes of Hypertension,” Annals of Internal Medicine. American College of Physicians, 4(3), pp. 227, 1930.
[8]. Kannel, W. B., “Risk factors in hypertension,” Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 13 (1), pp. S4-10, 1989.
[9]. Laurenzi, M. et al., “Multiple risk factors in hypertension: results from the Gubbio study,” Journal of hypertension. Supplement, 8(1), pp. 07-12, 1990.
[10]. McCallie, M. S., Blum, C. M. and Hood, C. J.,”Progressive Muscle Relaxation,” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 13(3), pp. 51–66, 2006.
[11]. Chellew, K. et al., “The effect of progressive muscle relaxation on daily cortisol secretion,” Stress, 18(5), pp. 538–544, 2015.
[12]. Pender, N. J.,”Effects of progressive muscle relaxation training on anxiety and health locus of control among hypertensive adults,” Research in Nursing & Health. Wiley-Blackwell, 8(1), pp. 67–72, 1985.
[13]. Black, H. R. Henry R. and Elliott, W. J., ”Hypertension : a companion to Braunwald’s heart disease,” Elsevier Saunders, 2007.
[14]. Li, Y. et al, “Progressive Muscle Relaxation Improves Anxiety and Depression of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, pp. 1–8, 2015.
[15]. Cottier, C., Shapiro, K. and Julius, S., “Treatment of Mild Hypertension With Progressive Muscle Relaxation,” Archives of Internal Medicine, 144(10), pp. 1954, 1984.

Hurun Ain, Nurul Hidayah, Marsaid “Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Blood Pressure Reduction in Hypertensive Patients” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp. 25-30 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/25-30.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Design and Implementation of Autonomous Line Follower Robot Using Microcontroller

Sk Ebadattulla, Anwesha Kar, Tuhina Alam, Nisha Sarkar- November 2018 Page No.: 31-34

This paper report to describes the technique for designing, controlling and improving our daily lives with the help of line follower (autonomous) robots.
In today’s busy world , these autonomous bots can save both time and energy by helping in industries where instead of employing a human operator we can set our desired tasks to the robot which can easily follow the repetitive path from source to destination and vice versa.
It also finds in application in everyday household work such as floor cleaning and painting the walls.
So here is a brief idea about what a line follower (autonomous) robot is:
It is microcontroller based autonomous robot which detects and follows a path that can be invisible magnetic field or a visible path indicated by black line on a white surface(or vice versa).
The system senses the line. This work is done by sensors – IR sensors. The IR sensors are mounted at the front end of the robot. The data from these sensors will be given to the microcontroller (Arduino board) which in turn sends the signal to the motor driver that in turn drives the motor of the robot based upon the information of IR sensors.
This system hence can be used in a safe, efficient, time-saving way in industries as well as for daily purposes.

Page(s): 31-34                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 November 2018

 Sk Ebadattulla
Department-Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, West Bengal, India

 Anwesha Kar
Department – Computer Science Engineering, College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, West Bengal, India

 Tuhina Alam
Department – Computer Science Engineering, College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, West Bengal, India

 Nisha Sarkar
Department – Computer Science Engineering, College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, West Bengal, India

[1]. Aamir attar, aadil ansari, abhishek desai, shahid khan, dipashri sonawale publications ofInternational Journal of Advanced Computational Engineering and NetworkingVolume-5, Issue-4, Aprl.-2017
[2]. Kriti Bhagat, Saylee Deshmukh, Shraddha Dhonde, Sneha Ghag publications of International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), Volume 5, Issue 2, February 2016.
[3]. Subhranil Som, Arjun Shome by publication Subhranil Som Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 6 (Version 3), June 2014.
[4]. M. S. Islam & M. A. Rahman published by Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, Volume 2, No 2 (2013).
[5]. Prananjali Koppad, Vishnu Agarwal published by International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), ISSN: 2278-0181, IJERTV3IS090023 Vol. 3 Issue 9, September-2014
[6]. S. Akash, Bibek Kabi , Mr. S.Karthick published by International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, Vol 2, No. 7, November 2009

Sk Ebadattulla, Anwesha Kar, Tuhina Alam, Nisha Sarkar “Design and Implementation of Autonomous Line Follower Robot Using Microcontroller ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.40-42 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/40-42.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

The Influence of Macro-Economic Factors on Stock Prices of KSE 100 Index
Waqar Ahmed, Ahsan Aslam, Abdul Hakeem – November 2018 – Page No.: 35-44

The ultimate purpose of this research was to examine the influence of inflation, interest rate and exchange rate upon the stock prices of KSE 100 index of Pakistan. In this study the author has used the time series annually data of 25 years with the time period from 1993 to 2017and with the usage of this data there are four tests applied descriptive test, unit root test, Johansson co integration test and vector error correction model test. According to the results of the above mentioned tests there is no short term and long term significant relation between macro-economic factors (inflation, interest rate and exchange rate) and stock prices of KSE 100 index of Pakistan. Hence, the inflation, interest rate and exchange rate do not influence the stock prices of KSE 100 index of Pakistan stock exchange.

Page(s): 35-44                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2018

 Waqar Ahmed
School of Commerce Minhaj University Lahore, Pakistan

 Ahsan Aslam
Commerce Department Superior University Lahore, Pakistan

 Abdul Hakeem
Management Sciences Department Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan

Ajayi, R. A., Friedman, J., & Mehdian, S. M. (1998). On the relationship between stock returns and exchange rates: tests of Granger causality. Global finance journal, 9(2), 241-251.
[2]. Bahmani-Oskooee, M., & Sohrabian, A. (1992). Stock prices and the effective exchange rate of the dollar. Applied economics, 24(4), 459-464.
[3]. Fung, H.-G., Lie, C.-J., & Moreno, A. (1990). The forecasting performance of the implied standard deviation in currency options. Managerial Finance, 16(3), 24-29.
[4]. Gemmill, G. (1996). Transparency and liquidity: A study of block trades on the London Stock Exchange under different publication rules. The journal of Finance, 51(5), 1765-1790.
[5]. Harvey, W. D., & Ginsberg, M. L. (1995). Limited discrepancy search. Paper presented at the IJCAI (1).
[6]. Hoguet, G. R. (2008). Inflation and Stock Prices. State Street Global Advisors, 1-10.
[7]. Hunjra, A. I., Chani, M. I., Ijaz, M. S., Farooq, M., & Khan, K. (2014). The Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on Stock Prices in Pakistan.
[8]. Hussainey, K., & Khanh Ngoc, L. (2009). The impact of macroeconomic indicators on Vietnamese stock prices. The Journal of Risk Finance, 10(4), 321-332.
[9]. Hussin, M. Y. M., Muhammad, F., Hussin, M. A., & Razak, A. A. (2012). The relationship between oil price, exchange rate and Islamic stock market in Malaysia. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 3(5), 83-92.
[10]. Lobo, B. J. (2000). Asymmetric effects of interest rate changes on stock prices. Financial Review, 35(3), 125-144.
[11]. Muhammad, N., Rasheed, A., & Husain, F. (2002). Stock Prices and Exchange Rates: Are they Related? Evidence from South Asian Countries [with Comments]. The Pakistan Development Review, 535-550.
[12]. Smith Jr, C. W., & Watts, R. L. (1992). The investment opportunity set and corporate financing, dividend, and compensation policies. Journal of financial Economics, 32(3), 263-292.
[13]. Solnik, B. (1987). Using financial prices to test exchange rate models: A note. The journal of Finance, 42(1), 141-149.

Waqar Ahmed, Ahsan Aslam, Abdul Hakeem “The Influence of Macro-Economic Factors on Stock Prices of KSE 100 Index ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.35-44 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/35-44.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Clinical Decision Support System for Heart Diseases Using Extended Sub Tree
Kulkarni Ravindranath Bhaskar, Kulkarni Radhika Ravindranath, Kulkarni Rashmi Ravindranath – November 2018 – Page No.: 45-49

Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) is a tool which helps doctors to make better and uniform decisions. There are many existing systems present which are used for diagnosing the diseases. For different types of diseases the existing CDSS systems changes with different algorithmic approaches. Every approach has its pros and cons. Selecting the positive aspect and overcoming the problems is the main motive.
This paper focuses on comparative study of existing CDSS systems namely Mycin, DeDombal, Quick Medical Record (QMR), Internist 1. Also the paper focuses on different algorithmic approaches for CDSS. It also give comparative study for algorithmic approaches of heart diseases. The proposed system deals with the similarity matching function. In decision tree construction, the nodes are constructed on splitting attribute or the flag value. Hence if continuous value is to be handled then it can prove fatal. This kind of flaw is observed in ID3 algorithm. Hence to overcome this drawback Extended sub tree approach is implemented. The results show the comparative analysis between these two approaches.

Page(s): 45-49                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 30 November 2018

 Kulkarni Ravindranath Bhaskar
BE Mechanical, Vaidya College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Kulkarni Radhika Ravindranath
BE ENTC, MKSSS’s CCOE, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Kulkarni Rashmi Ravindranath
ME Computer, MCOE, Pune, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Ali Shahbazi and James Miller”Extended Subtree: A new similarity function for Tree structured Data”, IEEE Transactions on knowledge and Data Engineering, Vol 25, No 4, April 2014.
[2]. Christophe Damas, Bernard Lambeau, and Axel van Lamsweerde ,”Analyzing Critical Decision-Based Processes “, IEEE Transcations on Software Engineering, Vol. 40, No. 4 , April 2014
[3]. Tapuria,A., Austin, T., Sun, S., Lea, N., Iliffe S., Kalra, D., Ingram, D., Patterson, D., ” Clinical Advantages of decision support tool for anti coagulation control”, 2013 IEEE Point – of – Care Healthcare Technologies (PHT), Banglore, India, 16 – 18 January 2013.
[4]. Rodrigo C. Barros, M´arcio P. Basgalupp, Andr´e C. P. L. F. de Carvalho and Alex A. Freitas,” A Survey of Evolutionary Algorithms for Decision Tree Induction “, IEEE Transcations on Systems, Man ,and Cybernetics – Part C: Applications & Reviews , Vol. X, No. X , January 2012
[5]. Gwenole Quellec, Mathieu Lamard, Lynda Bekri, Guy Cazuguel; “Medical Case Retrieval From a Committee of Decision Trees”, IEEE Transactions On Information Technology in Biomedicine , Vol. 14, No. 5, September 2011
[6]. Kittipol Wisaeng ,”Predict the Diagnosis of Heart Disease Using Feature Selection and k-Nearest Neighbor Algorithm “,Applied Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 8, no. 83, 4103 – 4113, 2014.
[7]. Dhanashree S. Medhekar1, Mayur P. Bote2, Shruti D. Deshmukh, “Heart Disease Prediction System using Naive Bayes”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENHANCED RESEARCH IN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING VOL. 2 ISSUE 3, ISSN NO: 2319-7463, MARCH.-2013.
[8]. Shamsher Bahadur Patel 1, Pramod Kumar Yadav2, Dr. D. P.Shukla,” Predict the Diagnosis of Heart Disease Patients Using Classification Mining Techniques”, IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS) e-ISSN: 2319-2380, p-ISSN: 2319-2372. Volume 4, Issue 2, PP 61-64 , July – August 2013
[9]. Punam Suresh Pawar, D. R. Patil, “Survey on clinical decision support system”, April 2012
[10]. Chaitrali S. Dangare Sulabha S. Apte, ” Improved Study of Heart Disease Prediction System using Data Mining Classification Techniques “,”International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 888) Volume 47– No.10, June 2012
[11]. R. S. Bichkar,Dipak V. Patil,”Issues in Optimization of Decision Tree Learning: A Survey”, International Journal of Applied Information Systems (IJAIS) – ISSN : 2249-0868 Foundation of Computer Science FCS, New York, USA Volume 3 – No.5, July 2012
[12]. Hadi Sadoghi Yazdi,and Nima Salehi-Moghaddami,” Multi Branch Decision Tree: A New Splitting Criterion”,International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Vol. 45, August, 2012
[13]. Miss. Chaitrali S. Dangare1, Dr. Mrs. Sulabha S. Apte, “A DATA MINING APPROACH FOR PREDICTION OF HEART DISEASE USING NEURAL NETWORKS”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY (IJCET), ISSN 0976 – 6375, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp. 30-40, October – December 2012
[14]. P.K. Anooj, “Clinical decision support system: Risk level prediction of heart disease using weighted fuzzy rules”,Journal of King Saud University – Computer and Information Sciences , 2012
[15]. Yang Zhang,Simon Fong,Jinan Fiaidhi,and SabahMohammed, “Real-Time Clinical Decision Support Systemwith Data StreamMining”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology Volume 2012
[16]. Mrs.G.Subbalakshmi,Mr. K. Ramesh, Mr. M. Chinna Rao ,”Decision Support in Heart Disease Prediction System using Naive Bayes” Indian Journal of Computer Science and Engineering (IJCSE), ISSN : 0976-5166 Vol. 2 No. 2 , Apr-May 2011
[17]. Sunita Pachekhiya, Gwalior,”DISEASE DIAGNOSIS OF HEART MUSCLES USING ERROR BACK PROPAGATION NEURAL NETWORK”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST), ISSN : 0975-5462 Vol. 3 No. 7, July 2011
[18]. Mai Shouman, Tim Turner, Rob Stocker,”Using Decision Tree for Diagnosing Heart Disease Patients”, Proceedings of the 9-th Australasian Data Mining Conference (AusDM’11), Ballarat, Australia, CRPIT Volume 121 – Data Mining and Analytics 2011
[19]. Omar F. El-Gayar , Amit Deokar, Matthew Wills, “Current Issues and Future Trends of Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) “, IGI Global
[20]. Shawkat Ali , Kate A. Smith, “On learning algorithm selection for classification”, Science Direct
[21]. Dawn DOWDING, Rebecca RANDELL, Natasha MITCHELL, Rebecca FOSTER, Carl THOMPSON, Valerie LATTIMER and Nicky CULLUM, “Experience and Nurses Use of Computerised Decision Support Systems”, February 2010.
[22]. M. ANBARASI,E. ANUPRIYA, N.CH.S.N.IYENGAR, “Enhanced Prediction of Heart Disease with Feature Subset Selection using Genetic Algorithm “,International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 2(10), 5370-5376, ISSN: 0975-5462, 2010
[23]. Shantakumar B.Patil, Y.S.Kumaraswamy, “Intelligent and Effective Heart Attack Prediction System Using Data Mining and Artificial Neural Network “, European Journal of Scientific Research ISSN 1450-216X Vol.31 No.4, pp.642-656, 2009
[24]. M.M.Abbasi, S. Kashiyarndi, “Clinical Decision Support Systems: A discussion on different methodologies used in Health Care”
[25]. Peter Szolovits,”Uncertainty and Decisions in Medical Informatics”.
[26]. CARLA E., PAUL E. UTGOFF ,”Multivariate Decision Trees”.
[27]. Omar F. El-Gayar, Amit Deokar, Matthew Wills,” Current Issues and Future Trends of Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS)”.

Kulkarni Ravindranath Bhaskar, Kulkarni Radhika Ravindranath, Kulkarni Rashmi Ravindranath “Clinical Decision Support System for Heart Diseases Using Extended Sub Tree ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp. 45-49 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/45-49.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Secure Solid Waste Bin Status Detection Using Image-Based Processing with Mobile Application: In case of Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia

Bereket Simon, Dr. Sanjiv Rao – November 2018 Page No.: 50-56

Nowadays, technology is integrating different applications to get fast, secure, reliable and efficient service. People are also adapting this new evolving technology as well. Mobile and web applications are one of this evolving technology and together make us to get and manage information in move. Solid waste management (SWM) is one of this information management which is used to manage and monitor the disposal of solid wastes particularly in the urban area. Because urban area is over populated so that people dispose wastes frequently. This disposal results in great challenge for SWM office. In developing counties like Ethiopia, this problem is categorized under top challenges which needs urgent solution to SWM office. This paper brings solution particularly for respective city municipals to effectively monitor and manage the Solid Waste Bin (SWB) by integrating mobile applications with image processing in secure manner. In the securing part, the recognized citizen has to be authenticated with his/her finger tag and the specified location of the SWB through Global Position System (GPS). In the image processing part, the system receives the bin image, then processes the bin image by following pre-processing, segmentation, feature extraction and classifying/matching steps. The image processing part has been simulated with optimized techniques by using MATLAB.

Page(s): 50-56                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 01 December 2018

 Bereket Simon
Master’s Scholar, Dept of Software Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University Addis Ababa, Ethopia

 Dr. Sanjiv Rao
Associate Professor, Dept of Software Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University Addis Ababa, Ethopia

[1]. City Government of Addis Ababa Bureau of Finance and Economic Development Socio-Economic Profile of Addis Ababa For the Year 2004 E.C/2011/12G.C Policy Study and Analysis Sub Process May 2013.
[2]. Abiye, Tamiru Alemayehu, Sulieman, Hameed, Ayalew, Michael. “Use of treated wastewater for managed aquifer recharge in highly populated urban centers: a case study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.” Environmental Geology, 58.1 (2009): 55-59.
[3]. Assessment of Solid Waste Management Practices and the Role of Public Participation in Jigjiga Town, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia Yohanis Birhanu, Genemo Berisa, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy 2015; 3(5): 153-168 Published online October 27, 2015, ISSN: 2330-7528 (Print); ISSN: 2330-7536 (Online) Assessment of Solid Waste Management.
[4]. W Zailah, M A Hannan, Abdulla Al Mamun, “Image Acquisition for Solid Waste Bin Level Classification and Grading”, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(6): 3092-3096, 2012 ISSN 1819-544X.
[5]. Nida M. Zaitoun, Musbah J. Aqel, “Survey on Image Segmentation Techniques”, International Conference on Communication, Management and Information Technology (ICCMIT 2015).
[6]. STEVEN D. GALBRAITH, “MATHEMATICS OF PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY”, University of Auckland.
[7]. Akshada Abnave, Mrunalini Chopade and Soudamini Pawar, “Secure Examination Management System for M-Learning (SEMS)”, Circulation in Computer Science Vol.2, No.2, pp: (31-35), March 2017 https://doi.org/10.22632/ccs-2017-251-60.
[8]. Dave Singel´ee, Bart Preneel, “The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)*”, “Unpublished”, COSIC Internal Report September 2003.
[9]. Sukhjinder Kaur, “Noise Types and Various Removal Techniques”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE) Volume 4, Issue 2, February 2015.
[10]. Shivani Sharma and Er. Kamal Kumar, “A Comparison of Salt and Pepper Noise Removal Filters”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, August 2016.
[11]. Prabhishek Singh and Raj Shree, PhD, “A Comparative Study to Noise Models and Image Restoration Techniques”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 149 – No.1, September 2016.
[12]. Nidhi B.Patel and Krupa N. Jariwala, “A Survey on Image Enhancement using Image Super-Resolution and Deblurring Methods”, “Submitted”. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR),
[13]. M. Hari Krishnan and R. Viswanathan, “A New Concept of Reduction of Gaussian Noise in Images Based on Fuzzy Logic”, Applied Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 7, 2013, no. 12, 595 – 602.
[14]. Ashutosh Pattnaika, Sharad Agarwala and Subhasis Chanda,” A New and Efficient Method for Removal of High Density Salt and Pepper Noise through Cascade Decision Based Filtering Algorithm”, 2nd International Conference on Communication, Computing & Security [ICCCS-2012].
[15]. J.R. Parker, “Algorithms for Image Processing and Computer Vision”, “Book”, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, Second Edition”.
[16]. Fayeem Aziz, Hamzah Arof*, Norrima Mokhtar, Marizan Mubin, Mohamad Sofian Abu Talip, “Rotation invariant bin detection and solid waste level classification”, Elsevier journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/ locate/measurement, Measurement 65 (2015) 19–28.
[17]. B. Schölkopf, A.J. Smola, Learning with Kernels, MIT Press, 2002.

Bereket Simon, Dr. Sanjiv Rao “Secure Solid Waste Bin Status Detection Using Image-Based Processing with Mobile Application: In case of Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.50-56 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/50-56.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

A Brief Review on Usage of Nano Metal Oxide Adsorbents in Wastewater Treatment
Mushini Venkata Subba Rao, Vaddi Dhilleswara Rao and Nadikatla Santhosh Kumar – November 2018 – Page No.: 57-59

At present due to the shortage of water resources, effective treatment of wastewater is a foremost requirement and the treated water is using for gardening as well as agricultural purpose to avoid surface water utilization. In this aspect,the requirement is to develop and implement progressive wastewatertreatment technologies with high effectiveness and less investment. Through point and non-point sources, the discharged water is obtained after utilizing domestic and industrial purposes and including storm water runoff. This wastewater containing different types of pollutants including heavy metal ions. These heavy metal ions are considered as the serious environmental problem in society. Methods are available to remove the pollutants from wastewater and among adsorption is a widely used method for the removal of pollutants and particularly it plays an important role in wastewater treatment for the removal of heavy metals. At present in the water purification research under Nanotechnology, Nano materials are used as adsorbents for removal of pollutants from wastewater. A number of researches have evidenced that Nano materials (Nano carbon materials, Nano metal particles, and Polymer based Nano particles) are the good adsorbents for the removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater due to their unique structural properties. Due to simplicity, less cost, easy handling, and efficiency, the adsorption process is commonly popular for removal of heavy metals.In this paper concentrated on a brief review on the availability of Nano metal oxide based adsorbents for removal of water pollutants.

Page(s): 57-59                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 December 2018

 Mushini Venkata Subba Rao
Chemistry Division, BS & H Department, GMR Institute of Technology, Rajam 532 127, Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

 Vaddi Dhilleswara Rao
Chemistry Division, BS & H Department, GMR Institute of Technology, Rajam 532 127, Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

 Nadikatla Santhosh Kumar
Chemistry Division, BS & H Department, GMR Institute of Technology, Rajam 532 127, Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

[1]. Ali and Aboul-Enein, H.Y. Instrumental Methods in Metal Ions Speciation: Chromatography, Capillary Electrophoresis and Electrochemistry (2006), Taylor & Francis Ltd, New York.
[2]. Ali, I. New generation adsorbents for water treatment. Chem.Rev. 112(2012), 5073–5091
[3]. Damià, B.Emerging Organic Pollutants in Wastewaters and Sludge (2005), Springer, New York.
[4]. Mohapatra, D.P., Brar, S.K., Tyagi, R.D., Picard, P. and Surampalli, R.Y. Analysis and advanced oxidation treatment of a persistent pharmaceutical compound in wastewater and wastewater sludge-carbamazepine. Sci. Total Environ.(2014), 58–75.
[5]. Sujitha, R and Ravindhranath,K.Defluoridation studies using active carbon derived from the barks of Ficusracemosa plant. J.Fluor.Chem. 193 (2017) 58–66.
[6]. Shwetha, K.C,Nagarajappa, D.P. and Mamatha, M. Removal of Copper from Simulated Wastewater Using Pongamia Pinnata Seed Shell as Adsorbent, Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 4( 6)(2014), 271-282.
[7]. Hu, H., Wang, Z., Pan, L., 2010. Synthesis of monodisperse Fe3O4@ silica core–shell microspheres and their application for removal of heavy metal ions from water. J. Alloys Compd. 492(2010), 656–661.
[8]. YanyangZhang, BingWu, HuiXu, HuiLiu, MingluWang, YixuanHe andBingcaiPanNano materials-enabled water and wastewater treatment, Nano impact, 3-4(2016), 22-39.
[9]. Chaturvedi, S., Dave, P.N. and Shah, N.K. Applications of Nano catalyst in new era. J. Saudi Chem. Soc. 16(2012), 307–325.
[10]. Hristovski, K., Baum gardener,A and Westerhoff, P. Selecting metal oxide Nano aterials for arsenic removal in fixed bed columns: From nanoparticles to aggregated nanoparticles media, J. Hazard. Mater. 147(2007), 265–274.
[11]. Gubin, S.P., Koksharov, Y.A., Khomutov, G.B.andYurkov, G.Y.E., Magnetic nanoparticles: preparation, structure and properties. Russ. Chem. Rev. 74(2005), 489–520.
[12]. Brumfiel, G. Nanotechnology: a little knowledge. Nature 424(2003), 246–248.
[13]. Lubick, N. and Betts, K., 2008. Silver socks have cloudy lining| Court bans widely used flame retardant. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42 (11) (2008), 3910–3910.
[14]. Kaushal, A
[15]. and Singh, S.K. Removal of heavy metals by Nano adsorbents: A review, Journal of Environment and Biotechnology Research, 6(1) (2017), 96-104.
[16]. Czikkely.M, Neubauer. E,FeketeI,Ymeri. P and Fogarassy ,C. Review of Heavy Metal Adsorption Processes by Several Organic Matters from Wastewaters, Water 10(2018), 1377; doi:10.3390/w10101377
[17]. Barakat, M.A., Al-Hutailah, R.I., Hashim, M.H., Qayyum, E and Kuhn, J.N. Titania supported silver-based bimetallic nanoparticles as photo catalysts. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 20 (6)(2013a), 3751–3759.
[18]. Barakat, M.A., Ramadan, M.H., Alghamdi, M.A., Al-Garny, S.S., Woodcock, H.L.and Kuhn, J.N. Remediation of Cu (II), Ni(II), and Cr (III) ions from simulated wastewater by dendrimer/titania composites. J. Environ. Manage. 117(2013b), 50–57.
[19]. Luo, T., Cui, J., Hu, S., Huang, Y. and Jing, C.: Arsenic removal and recovery from copper smelting wastewater using TiO2. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44(23) (2010), 9094–9098.
[20]. Tuzen, M.and Soylak, M. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes forspeciation of chromium in environmental samples. J. Hazard.Mater. 147(2007), 219–225.
[21]. Singh, S., Barick, K. and Bahadur, D.: Fe3O4 embedded ZnONanocomposites for the removal of toxic metal ions, organic dyes and bacterial pathogens. J. Mater. Chem. A 1(10) (2013), 3325–3333.
[22]. Gupta, V.K., Agarwal, S and Saleh, T.A. Synthesis and characterization of alumina-coated carbon nanotubes and their application for lead removal. J. Hazard. Mater. 185(2011), 17–23.
[23]. Gao, C., Zhang, W., Li, H., Lang, L., Xu, Z.: Controllable fabrication of mesoporousMgO with various morphologies and their absorption performance for toxic pollutants in water. Cryst. Growth Des. 8(10) (2008), 3785–3790.
[24]. Gupta, K., Bhattacharya, S., Chattopadhyay, D., Mukhopadhyay, A., Biswas, H., Dutta, J.,Ray, N.R and Ghosh, U.C. Ceria associated manganese oxide nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization and arsenic (V) sorption behavior. Chem. Eng. J. 172(1) (2011), 219–229.
[25]. Feng, L., Cao, M., Ma, X., Zhu, Y and Hu, C.Super paramagnetic high-surface-area Fe3O4 nanoparticles as adsorbents for arsenic removal. J. Hazard. Mater. 217(2012), 439–446
[26]. Tadjarodi, A., Imani, M. andKerdari, H.: Adsorption kinetics, thermodynamic studies, and high performance of CdO cauliflower-like nanostructure on the removal of Congo red from aqueous solution. J. Nanostruct. Chem. (2013), 3:51.
[27]. Fabrega, J., Luoma, S.N., Tyler, C. R., Galloway, T.S and Lead, J.R. Silver nanoparticles: Behaviour and effects in the aquatic environment. Environ Int. 37(2011): 517-531.
[28]. Liyun Feng, Minhua Cao, Xiaoyu Ma, Yongshuang Zhu and Changwen Hu Super paramagnetic high-surface-area Fe3O4 nanoparticles as adsorbents for arsenic removal, Journal of hazardous materials..217-218(2012), 439-446.
[29]. Cao,C.Y., Cui, Z.M., Chen, C.Q., Song, W. G andCai, W. Ceria hollow Nano spheres produced by a template-free microwave-assisted hydrothermal method for heavy metal ion removal and catalysis. J Phys Chem. 114(2010), 9865-9870.

Mushini Venkata Subba Rao, Vaddi Dhilleswara Rao and Nadikatla Santhosh Kumar “A Brief Review on Usage of Nano Metal Oxide Adsorbents in Wastewater Treatment ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.57-59 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/57-59.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Routing Flexibility in Job Shop Scheduling Problem – A Genetic Algorithm Approach

Suresh Holi, B P Shivakumar – November 2018 Page No.: 60-64

The paper presents a Genetic Algorithm (GA) approach to solve Job Shop Scheduling Problem (JSSP) with Sequence Dependent Setup Times (SDST) and assess the effect of routing flexibility on makespan performance measure. Two case studies of size five part types, five machines and ten part types, ten machines are taken into consideration. Results are generated for different routing flexibilities in a manufacturing scenario wherein setup times are comparable to operation processing times. It indicates that routing flexibility has some effect on makespan performance measure.

Page(s): 60-64                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 November 2018

 Suresh Holi
Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bengaluru,
affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, INDIA

 B P Shivakumar
Department of Mechanical Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bengaluru, INDIA

[1] Pinedo, M. (2005). Planning and scheduling in manufacturing and services. Springer (New York).
[2] Zhang, G., Shao, X., Li, P., & Gao, L. (2009). An effective hybrid particle swarm optimization algorithm for multi-objective flexible job-shop scheduling problem. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 56(4), 1309-1318.
[3] Özgüven, C., Yavuz, Y., & Özbakır, L. (2012). Mixed integer goal programming models for the flexible job-shop scheduling problems with separable and non-separable sequence dependent setup times. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 36(2), 846-858.
[4] Pezzella, F., Morganti, G., & Ciaschetti, G. (2008). A genetic algorithm for the flexible job-shop scheduling problem. Computers & Operations Research, 35(10), 3202-3212.
[5] Caprihan, R., & Wadhwa, S. (1997). Impact of routing flexibility on the performance of an FMS—a simulation study. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 9(3), 273-298.
[6] Jain, A., Jain, P. K., Chan, F. T., & Singh, S. (2013). A review on manufacturing flexibility. International Journal of Production Research, 51(19), 5946-5970.
[7] Sethi, A. K., & Sethi, S. P. (1990). Flexibility in manufacturing: a survey. International journal of flexible manufacturing systems, 2(4), 289-328.
[8] Yu, X., & Ram, B. (2006). Bio-inspired scheduling for dynamic job shops with flexible routing and sequence-dependent setups. International Journal of Production Research, 44(22), 4793-4813.
[9] Sharma, P., & Jain, A. (2017). Effect of routing flexibility and sequencing rules on performance of stochastic flexible job shop manufacturing system with setup times: Simulation approach. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 231(2), 329-345.
[10] Rossi, A., & Dini, G. (2007). Flexible job-shop scheduling with routing flexibility and separable setup times using ant colony optimisation method. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 23(5), 503-516.
[11] Moon, I., Lee, S., & Bae, H. (2008). Genetic algorithms for job shop scheduling problems with alternative routings. International Journal of Production Research, 46(10), 2695-2705.
[12] Özgüven, C., Özbakır, L., & Yavuz, Y. (2010). Mathematical models for job-shop scheduling problems with routing and process plan flexibility. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 34(6), 1539-1548.
[13] Oddi, A., Rasconi, R., Cesta, A., & Smith, S. F. Job Shop Scheduling with Routing Flexibility and Sequence Dependent Setup-Times.
[14] Defersha, F. M., & Chen, M. (2012). Jobshop lot streaming with routing flexibility, sequence-dependent setups, machine release dates and lag time. International Journal of Production Research, 50(8), 2331-2352.
[15] Defersha, F. M., & Chen, M. (2010). A parallel genetic algorithm for a flexible job-shop scheduling problem with sequence dependent setups. The international journal of advanced manufacturing technology, 49(1-4), 263-279.
[16] Joseph, O. A., & Sridharan, R. (2012). Effects of flexibility and scheduling decisions on the performance of an FMS: simulation modelling and analysis. International Journal of Production Research, 50(7), 2058-2078.
[17] Chang, A. Y. (2007). On the measurement of routing flexibility: A multiple attribute approach. International Journal of Production Economics, 109(1-2), 122-136.
[18] Chan, F. T., Chung, S. H., & Chan, P. L. Y. (2005). An adaptive genetic algorithm with dominated genes for distributed scheduling problems. Expert Systems with Applications, 29(2), 364-371.
[19] French, S. (1982). Sequencing and scheduling. An Introduction to the Mathematics of the Job-Shop.
[20] Moghaddas, R., & Houshm, M. (2008). Job-shop scheduling problem with sequence dependent setup times.
[21] Bagheri, A., & Zandieh, M. (2011). Bi-criteria flexible job-shop scheduling with sequence-dependent setup times—variable neighborhood search approach. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 30(1), 8-15.
[22] Al-Hinai, N., & ElMekkawy, T. Y. (2011). Robust and stable flexible job shop scheduling with random machine breakdowns using a hybrid genetic algorithm. International Journal of Production Economics, 132(2), 279-291.
[23] Deb, K. (1999). An introduction to genetic algorithms. Sadhana, 24(4-5), 293-315.
[24] Busetti, F. (2007). Genetic algorithms overview. Retrieved on December, 1.

Suresh Holi, B P Shivakumar “Routing Flexibility in Job Shop Scheduling Problem – A Genetic Algorithm Approach” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.60-64 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/60-64.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Corruption in Local Governments in Nigeria and the Way Forward: A Case Study of Rivers State, Nigeria
Nweneka, Egbo – November 2018 – Page No.: 65-72

This study unearthed the nature and incidences of corruption in local governments in Nigeria, with particular reference to Rivers State. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study and data was collected from secondary sources. The data were analyzed via the content method of data analysis. The findings of the study showed that corruption is pervasive at the local government level in Nigeria and Rivers state in particular. The study observed that corruption is not just one of the intractable pathologies ravaging local government administration but the progenitor of every other socio-economic woe affecting the local government areas in Rivers state. The menace is perpetrated by mostly the top echelon or leadership of the council in connivance with their godfathers cum state government officials. Corruption at the council manifest in the form of inflation of prices of bought items, over estimation of cost of projects; ghost workers syndrome, payment of huge sum of money to godfathers, outright embezzlement and diversion of the council funds. This wide-scale corruption at the local level has made the needed development at the grassroots a mirage. The study recommended mounting of serious war against corruption at the Nigerian local government areas by the anti-graft agencies and civil society organizations as the panacea to reduce the menace of corruption that has eaten deep into fabric of the country’s local government administration.

Page(s): 65-72                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 December 2018

 Nweneka, Egbo
Department of Political Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

[1]. Adamolekun, L. (1983). Public Administration: A Nigerian and Comparative Perspective. New York: Longman INC.
[2]. Adeyemi, O.O (2012). Corruption and Local Government Administration in Nigeria; A Discourse of Core Issues. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 1 (2) 183-198.
[3]. Agba, M.S, Akwara, Z.F, & Idu, A.Y (2013). Local Government and Social Service Delivery in Nigeria: A Content Analysis. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2 (2) 455-462.
[4]. Agbani, B.J & Ugwoke, R.O (2014).The State Joint Local Government Account: Challenge on Rural Development in Nigeria. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting.5 (18) 146-156.
[5]. Ajieh, C.J.T (2014) Praxis of Local Government Administration in Nigeria (The Practitioners Companion). Port Harcourt: Pearl Publishers.
[6]. Balatito, S. & Ibrahim, B.S (2014). Challenges of Local Government Administration: in Nigeria: An Appraisal of Nigeria Experience International Journal of Science and Research 3 (7) 562-568.
[7]. Coker, M.A, Eteng, F.O, Agishi, T.V & Adie, H.A (2015). Challenges of Expanding Internally Generated Revenue in Local Government Council Areas in Nigeria. Journal of sustainable development; 8 (9) 79-88.
[8]. Federal Government of Nigeria (1999). Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Lagos: Federal Government Printers.
[9]. Igwe, S.C (2010). How Africa Underdeveloped Africa. Port Harcourt: Professional Printers Publishers.
[10]. Ironke, U.I & Ndah, E.W (2016). Impact of Internally Generated Revenue on Performance of Local Government in Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Law Research, 4 (4)42-58.
[11]. Kothari, C.R & Gary, G. (2014). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (Third Edition). New Delhi: New Age International Publishers.
[12]. Local Government Corruption and Mismanagement in Rivers State: An Overview. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/reports/2007/nigeria0107/5.htm on 5th April, 2018
[13]. Mohammed, O. (2008). The Public Bureaucracy and Development in Developed and Developing Countries: A Comparative Analysis in Obi E.A, Obikeze, O.S A, Nwachukwu L.C, Abada, Readings on Comparative Public Administration (Theory and Selected Country Studies). Onitsha: Book Point Educational Ltd.
[14]. Nweneka, E. (2018). A Comparative Analysis of the Local Government Systems in Nigeria and Ghana Towards Enhancing Their Effectiveness. International Journal of Advanced Academic Research | Social & Management Sciences. 4 (10) 29-42
[15]. Nweneka, E. (2018). Roles of Civil Society Organizations in Tackling Corruption in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Legal & Political Studies. 6 (4) 9-16
[16]. Nyewusira, V. (2011). State –Local Government Relation in Rivers State, Nigeria (1999-2007). A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Public Administration and Local Government, Faculty of Social Science, University of Nigeria. Nsukka: Virtual Library.
[17]. Nyewusira, V. & Nweke, K (2012). Party Politics and Democratic Governance in Nigeria Local Government Administration: The Case of Rivers State (1999-2010). Research on Humanities and Social Science 2 (6) 164-175.
[18]. Obikeze, O.S, & Obi, E. (2003). Public Administration in Nigeria: A Developmental Approach Onitsha: Book-point LTD.
[19]. Odalonu, H.B (2015). Challenges Confronting Local Government Administration in Efficient and Effective Social Service Delivery: The Nigeria Experience. International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research 2 (5) 12-22.
[20]. Oviasuyi, P.O, Idade, W. & Isiraojie, L. (2010).Constraints of Local Government Administration in Nigeria. Journal of Social Science. 24 (2) 81-86.
[21]. Riggs, F.N (1964). Administration in Developing Societies: Theory of Prismatic Society: Boston: Hongliton, Migglin.
[22]. Rivers State Government (2000). Rivers State Local Government Law, No. of 2000.
[23]. Schwenke, S. (2002). Cross-Sector Analysis of Corruption: Summary Report. www.usaid.gov/our-worlddemocracy-and…/ac/…/summary.doc,retrieved 20/10/2018.
[24]. United Nation Office on Drug and Crime (2004).United Nations Hendbook on Practical Anti- Corruption Measures for Prosecutors and Investors. New York: United Nations Office on Drug and Crime; Available at https://www.unodc.org/pef/crime/corruption/handbook.retrieved 20/10/2018.
[25]. Wikipedia (2018). Rivers State. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rivers_State on 6th July, 2018
[26]. World Bank. (1997). World Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press.
[27]. Yorgboro, N.A (2012). Democratic Capitalism and Citizenship Failures in a Democracy. Port Harcourt: Trumpet Press and Publishers.

Nweneka, Egbo “Corruption in Local Governments in Nigeria and the Way Forward: A Case Study of Rivers State, Nigeria” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp. 65-72 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/65-72.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Fabrication and Characterization of Garment Waste Reinforced Polymer Composite

Mantesh Basappa Khot, M Prasanna Kumar – November 2018 Page No.: 73-78

Traditional materials have been continuously replacing by composite materials, because of their superior properties, such as high tensile strength, low thermal expansion and high strength-to-weight ratio. Textile fibre reinforced composites are more attractive due to their high specific strength, light weight and finding increased applications in many engineering fields especially in interior construction of buildings.
In the present study is to develop composite material from garment waste recycling technology that will reduce in the increasing environmental impact by garment waste and introducing a new product. Textile waste reinforced polymer composites were fabricated with different weight ratio of reinforcement and matrix material by using hand lay-up technique. The mechanical properties of fabricated composite material such as tensile strength, compressive strength, flexural strength, impact strength and also water absorption property were studied on fabricated garment waste composite samples according to ASTM standards. From the experimental results, it has been observed that 30% chopped garment waste, 60% epoxy1resin and 10% fly ash composite specimens perform better than other composite specimens. It is suggested that these hybrid composites can be used as an alternative material for interior applications such as ceiling panels, sound barrier panels for acoustic, roof tiles and building insulation material.

Page(s): 73-78                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 November 2018

 Mantesh Basappa Khot
Post Graduate Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University BDT College of Engineering, Karnataka, India

 M Prasanna Kumar
Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University BDT College of Engineering, Karnataka, India

[1]. Kavitha, S and Manimekalai G, (2014), “A study1on waste disposal management in garment1industry”. International Journal of1Textile and Fashion Technology (IJTFT), Vol. 4, Issue 5, Oct 2014, 37-42.
[2]. Ayhan Demirbas, (2011), “Waste1management, waste resource1facilities and1waste conversion1processes”. Energy Conversion and1Management152 1280–1287.
[3]. Haule1L.V, C.M.Carr, M.Rigout. (2016),“Preparation1and physical1properties of regenerated1cellulose fibres1from1cotton waste garments”. Journal of Cleaner Production 112 44454451.
[4]. Fangbing L.V, Donggang Yao, Youjiang1Wang, Chaoxia Wang, Ping Zhu, Yifeng Hong, (2015),“Recycling1of waste1nylon 6/spandex blended1fabrics by melt1Processing”. Composites1Part B 77 232237.
[5]. Jayantha Ananda1Epaarachchi , Mohd1Iqbal Misnon, Md Mainul Islam, Kin-tak Lau,(2014),“Potentiality1of utilising natural textile1materials for engineering1composites applications”. 1Materials and Design 59 359–368.
[6]. Petrucci R.E, 1Nisini. D, Puglia. F, Sarasini. M, Rallini. C, Santulli. G, Minak, J.M.Kenny. (2015), “Tensile and fatigue1characterisation of textile cotton waste/polypropylene1laminates”.Composites1Part1B10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.07.005.
[7]. Vasconcelos G, P.B. Lourenço, A. Camoes, A. Martins, S.Cunha, (2015), “Evaluation of the performance of recycled1textile fibres in the mechanical1behaviour of a gypsum and cork1composite material”. Cement & Concrete1Composites 58 29–39.
[8]. Arumuga Prabu V, R. Deepak1Joel Johnson,1P.Amuthakkannan, V. Manikandan. (2017), “Usage ofindustrial wastes as particulate1composite for1environment Management: 1hardness, tensile and impact Studies” doi:10.1016/j.jece.2017.02.007.
[9]. María1del1Mar Barbero-Barrera, Olatz Pombo, María de los Angeles Navacerrada.(2016) “Textile fibre waste1bindered with natural1hydraulic lime”. Composites Part B 94 26e33.
[10]. Mashaly R, S. Hussein, (2011), “Evaluation1of the performance1of elastic band used for ready1made garment1manufacturing”. Alexandria Engineering Journal 50, 291–295.
[11]. Aspiras F.F, J.R.I.Manalo. (1995), “”Utilization of1textile waste1cuttings as1building material”. 1Journal of materials1processing1technology 48 379-384.
[12]. Arun kumar1Parida, Ratnakar1Das, A.K. Sahoo, B.C. Routara, (2014),“”Optimization of cutting parameters for surface1roughness in machining of gfrp1composites with graphite/fly ash filler”. Procedia Materials Science 6 1533 – 1538.
[13]. Raja Mistrya, Tapas1Kumar Roy, (2016), ”Effect1of using1flyash as1alternative1fillerin hot mix asphalt”. 1Perspectives in Science 8, 307—309.
[14]. Mohamed EL1Wazna, Mohamed Fatihi,Abdeslam Bouari, Omar1Cherkaoui(2017)“Thermo physicalvcharacterization of1sustainable1insulation1materials made from textile1waste”. doi10.1016/j.jobe.2017.06.008.
[15]. Halil Murat Algin and Paki1Turgut,, (2008), “Cotton and limestone1powder wastes as brick material”. Construction and1Building1Materials 22 1074–1080.

Mantesh Basappa Khot, M Prasanna Kumar “Fabrication and Characterization of Garment Waste Reinforced Polymer Composite” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.73-78 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/73-78.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Fabrication and Testing of Non-Conventional Solar Vehicle
Bhavin. P. Pandya – November 2018 – Page No.: 79-84

The locomotive in our country mainly runs on electrical energy or by conventional resources such as petrol, diesel, coal etc. So with the help of solar energy we can run the locomotive or any vehicle.
Composition of two different drives based locomotive that is solar power and conventional drive system is possible. Here the solar energy is converted in to the electrical energy by using solar panels and then used for the needs. Revolutionary changes have taken place in the life of the mankind since human beings acquired the capability of walking upright.
In solar power locomotive solar panels are fitted on the roof of locomotive. The battery gets charged by solar energy and power is transmitted to the drive mechanism. Now we can measure the speed and efficiency of locomotive. Here we are going to use hydrogen peroxide as energy to run the train when solar energy isn’t available.

Page(s): 79-84                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 November 2018

 Bhavin. P. Pandya
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, KJ Institute of Engineering and Technology, Savli, Gujarat, India

[1]. wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar vehicle
[2]. http://electricalengineeringportal.com/innovative-approach-to-maglev-trains-solar-energy
[3]. http://www.ti.com/lsds/ti/apps/alternative_energy/solar/product.page.
[4]. http://in.ask.com/web?q=solar+train
[5]. http://www.abplive.in/india/2014/06/20/article346944.ece/Solar-roof-for-trains-to-save-fuel.
[6]. http://www.electroschematics.com/7450/indias-second-solar-powered-train/.
[7]. http://budapesttimes.hu/2013/09/11/fir%C2%AD%C2%AD%C2%AD%C2%AD%C2%ADst-solar-train-makes-way-while-sun-shines/
[8]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_peroxide
[9]. http://wakeup-world.com/2012/07/09/27-amazing-benefits-and-uses-for-hydrogen-peroxide/
[10]. http://www.h2o2.com/products-and-services/us-peroxidetechnologies.aspx?pid=112&name=HydrogenPeroxidepubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/hydrogen_peroxide.

Bhavin. P. Pandya “Fabrication and Testing of Non-Conventional Solar Vehicle” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.79-84 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/79-84.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Enhancement in Power Quality in Distribution Network with the Collaboration of Solar Energy and DSTATCOM
Varsha Rani, Purva Sharma, Himanshu Doraya – November 2018 – Page No.: 85-92

Now a days the power quality (PQ) has become a main concern for both utilities and customers. The integrations of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy into the utility grid affects the quality of the power supplied. The utilities or other power providers have to provide a high quality of their service to retain or attract the customers. Efficient power quality (PQ) monitoring and improvement system can help to achieve this goal. The power quality improvement can be achieved by the use of distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) in the utility grid. The distribution static compensator is shunt custom power device which is used in the distribution system for compensation of reactive power at point of common coupling, current compensation and improvement of power factor.
This work presents the design of synchronous reference theory based control of the DSTATCOM for the power quality improvement in the utility grid in the presence of solar PV energy. A capacitor and battery bank is used as the DC bus in the design of DSTATCOM. The DSTATCOM has been implemented for the enhancement of power quality in the presence of the solar energy during various operational events. The events include the tripping/reclosing of feeder, switching ON/OFF the capacitor bank, switching ON/OFF the inductive-resistive load. The proposed methodology has been carried out with the help of a test system comprising of the voltage source and load connected at the point of common coupling (PCC).The proposed methodology has been carried out in the MATLAB/ Simulink environment using an IEEE-13 bus test system.

Page(s): 85-92                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2018

 Varsha Rani
M.Tech Scholar, Rajasthan College of Engineering of Women, Jaipur, India

 Varsha Rani
Assistant Professor, Rajasthan College of Engineering of Women, Jaipur, India

 Varsha Rani
Assistant Professor, Rajasthan College of Engineering of Women, Jaipur, India

[1]. Mahmoud zadehbagheri, Naziha Ahmad Azli, Askar bagherinasab,Shahrin bin Md Ayob, “ Performance Evaluation of Custom Power Devices in Power Distribution Networks to Power Quality Improvement: A Review,” International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 5, May-2013.
[2]. Bhim Singh, Sabha Raj Arya, “Design and control of a DSTATCOM for power quality improvement using cross correlation function approach,” International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2012, pp. 74-86.
[3]. Anil Tekale, Dinesh Nawani, Nilam Belkar and Vishal Devkar “Review on Power Quality Solution Technology”. IAETSD Journal for advanced research in applied sciences, Vol 4, issue 4, sept. 2017.
[4]. B. Singh, P. Jayaprakash and D. P. Kothari, “Magnetics for neutral current compensation in three-phase four-wire distribution system,” 2010 Joint International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems & 2010 Power India, New Delhi, 2010, pp.1-7.
[5]. Titiksha Jain, Deepika Masand “Integrated Three-Leg VSC with a Zig-Zag Transformer Based Three-Phase Four-Wire DSTATCOM for Power Quality Improvement,” International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, October , Vol. 6, Issue No.10 .
[6]. Bhim Singh, P. Jayaprakash and D. P. Kothari.” Three-Leg VSC and a Transformer Based Three-Phase Four-Wire DSTATCOM for Distribution Systems” Fifteenth National Power Systems Conference (NPSC), IIT Bombay, December 2008
[7]. A.Dheepanchakkravarthy.M.E, Prof.Jebasalma.M.E., “A Three Phase Four Wire DSTATCOM for Power Quality Improvement” International Journal of Engineering Inventions , Vol. 1 , No.4, PP: 80-90, sep 2012
[8]. B. Singh, P. Jayaprakash, S. Kumar and D. P. Kothari, “Implementation of Neural-Network-Controlled Three-Leg VSC and a Transformer as Three-Phase Four-Wire DSTATCOM,” in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1892-1901, July-Aug. 2011.
[9]. B. Singh, P. Jayaprakash and D. P. Kothari, “Isolated H-bridge VSC Based 3-phase 4-wire DSTATCOM for power quality improvement,” 2008 IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, Singapore, 2008, pp. 366-371.
[10]. Bhim Singh, Jayaprakash Pychadathil, and Dwarkadas Pralhaddas Kothari “Star/hexagon transformer based three-phase four-wire DSTATCOM for power quality improvement.” International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems 9.6 (2008): 1-18.
[11]. B. Singh, P. Jayaprakash and D. P. Kothari, “Three-phase four-wire dstatcom with H-bridge VSC and star/delta transformer for power quality improvement,” 2008 Annual IEEE India Conference, Kanpur, 2008, pp. 412-417.
[12]. Yogesh Rohilla , Yash pal “Three-leg voltage source converter integrated with t-connected transformer as three-phase four-wire distribution static compensator for power quality improvement.” Nirma university international conference on Engineeering (NUICONE), 28-30 Nov. 2013 pp. 2375-1282.
[13]. R.Revathi , J.Ramprabu “Integrated three-leg VSC with a zig-zag transformer based three-phase four-wire DSTATCOM for power quality improvement,” International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Jan 2012. 2008 ,Vol. 2, Issue 1, pp. 552-563.
[14]. Om Prakash Mahela, Abdul Gafoor Shaik, “Power quality improvement in distribution network using DSTATCOM with battery energy storage system. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 83, pp. 229-240, (2016).
[15]. Om Prakash Mahela, Abdul Gafoor Shaik, “Topological aspects of power quality improvement techniques: A comprehensive overview,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 58 (2016): 1129-1142.
[16]. S. B. Karanki, N. Geddada, M. K. Mishra and B. K. Kumar, “A DSTATCOM Topology With Reduced DC-Link Voltage Rating for Load Compensation With Nonstiff Source,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1201-1211, March 2012.doi: 10.1109/TPEL.2011.2163946.
[17]. P. Jayaprakash, B. Singh and D. P. Kothari, “Three-Phase 4-Wire DSTATCOM Based on H Bridge VSC with a Star/Hexagon Transformer for Power Quality Improvement,” 2008 IEEE Region 10 and the Third international Conference on Industrial and Information Systems, Kharagpur, 2008, pp. 1-6.
[18]. O. V. Kulkarni and M. K. Mishra, “Power quality improvement using Zig-Zag transformer and DSTATCOM in three phase power distribution system,” 2013 Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), Mumbai, 2013, pp. 1-6.
[19]. D. Sreenivasarao, Pramod Agarwal, and Biswarup Das. “Performance enhancement of a reduced rating hybrid D-STATCOM for three-phase, four-wire system.” Electric Power Systems Research 97 (2013): 158-171.
[20]. Srikanth T.. “Compensating linear and non linear loads using distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM).” Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research 5.2 (2013): 28-43.
[21]. Kumar Sunil, and Bhim Singh. “Control of 3‐Leg VSC Based 3‐Phase 4‐Wire DSTATCOM using Modified Instantaneous Symmetrical Component Theory ” International Journal of Automation and Power Engineering 2.6 (2013): 337-346.
[22]. Purva Sharma & Akash Saxena, “Critical investigations on performance of ANN and wavelet fault classifiers ”, Cogent Engineering (Taylor & Francis Group), volume 4, issue-1, 2017.

Varsha Rani, Purva Sharma, Himanshu Doraya “Enhancement in Power Quality in Distribution Network with the Collaboration of Solar Energy and DSTATCOM” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp. 85-92 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/85-92.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Fault Detection and Classification Using Discrete Wavelet Transform

Akanksha Malhotra, Purva Sharma – November 2018 Page No.: 93-101

This research work aims to present an approach supported by discrete wavelet transform and rule based decision tree for the detection and classification of the various types of the power system faults. Fault location on overhead power transmission lines remains a subject of great interest and has been intensively studied over the years. The power system faults include the line to ground (LG), double line (LL), double line to ground (LLG) and three phase fault involving ground (LLLG).
The issue of fault detection and classification in the utility system network has also become important due to the integration of renewable energy sources in the recent years. The current captured on a bus of the test system is used for the detection of the faults. The current signal is decomposed up to third level of decomposition for the detection of the faults. A fault index based on the sum absolute values of the detail coefficients used to detect the various types of the faults. The detailed simulation methodology has been carried out in MATLAB/Simulink environment using the IEEE-34 bus test system. It is established that the proposed approach effectively detects and classify the power system faults.

Page(s): 93-101                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 December 2018

 Akanksha Malhotra
Rajasthan College of Engineering for Women, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

 Purva Sharma
Rajasthan College of Engineering for Women, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

[1]. D. Guillen, M. Roberto, A. Paternina, A. Zamora, J. M. Ramirez, and G. Idarraga, “Detection and classification of faults in transmission lines using the maximum wavelet singular value and Euclidean norm,” IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 9, No. 15, pp. 2294–2302, 2015.
[2]. Moslem Dehghani, Mohammad Hassan Khooban, and Taher Niknam, “Fast fault detection and classification based on a combination of wavelet singular entropy theory and fuzzy logic in distribution lines in the presence of distributed generations,” International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 78, pp. 455–462, 2016.
[3]. A. A. Yusuff A. A. Jimoh J. L. Munda, “Determinant-based feature extraction for fault detection and classification for power transmission lines,” IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 5, Iss. 12, pp. 1259–1267, 2011.
[4]. Z. He, L. Fu, S. Lin, Z. Bo, and S. Member, “Fault Detection and Classification in EHV Transmission Line Based on Wavelet Singular Entropy,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 2156–2163, 2010.
[5]. J. Jiang, C. Chuang, Y. Wang, C. Hung, J. Wang, C. Lee, S. Member, and Y. Hsiao, “A Hybrid Framework for Fault Detection , Classification, and Location — Part I : Concept, Structure , and Methodology,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 1988–1998, 2011.
[6]. Hassan Fathabadi, “Novel filter based ANN approach for short-circuit faults detection, classification and location in power transmission lines,” International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 74, pp. 374–383, 2016.
[7]. Thad J. Englert ,Badrul H Chowdhury and Edward Grigs, “Laboratory investigation of electro-optic kerr effect for detection of electric transmission line faults,”IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp.979-985, July 1991.
[8]. G. Katsuta K. Muraoka N. Inoue S. Sakai T. Tsunekage K. Ando, “Fault section detection system for 66-kv underground branch transmission lines using optical magnetic field sensors,” Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 7 No.1, pp.1-9 , January 1992.
[9]. A. M. Ranjbar, A. R. Shirani, A. F. Fathi, “A new approach for fault location problem on power lines,” Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 7, pp.146-155, January 1992.
[10]. N. Inoue, T. Tsunekage S. Sakai, “Fault section detection system for 275-kv xlpeinsulated cables with optical sensing technique,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 10, No. 3.pp.1148-1155, July 1995.
[11]. M. Kezunovic and B. Perunieic, “Automated transmission line fault analysis using synchronized sampling at two ends,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp.441-447, February 1996 .
[12]. Mladen Kezunovic’ and Igor Rikalo , “Detect and classify fault using neural nets,” power system transition, Vol. 96, October 1996.
[13]. M. Sanaye-Pasand and O. P. Malik, “ High Speed Transmission System Directional Protection using an Elman Network,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 1040-1045 ,October 1998.
[14]. Huisheng Wang and W. W. L. Keerthipala, “Fuzzy-Neuro Approach to Fault Classification for Transmission Line Protection,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 13, No. 4,1093-1103, October 1998.
[15]. K. R. Krishnanand, P. K. Dash, and M. H. Naeem, “Electrical Power and Energy Systems Detection, classification, and location of faults in power transmission lines,” International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 67, pp. 76–86, 2015.
[16]. Jianhua Guo, and Haidong Yang, “A fault detection method for heat loss in a tyre vulcanization workshop using a dynamic energy consumption model and predictive baselines,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 90, pp. 711-721, 2015.
[17]. Zahra Moravej, Mohammad Pazoki, and Mojtaba Khederzadeh, “New Pattern-Recognition Method for Fault Analysis in Transmission Line with UPFC,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 30, no. 3, June-2015.
[18]. Tamer A. Kawady, Nagy I. Elkalashy, Ayman E. Ibrahim, Abdel-Maksoud I. Taalab, “Arcing fault identification using combined Gabor Transform-neural network for transmission lines,” International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 61, pp. 248–258, 2014.
[19]. M. M. Eissa, Senior Member, IEEE, M. Elshahat Masoud, and M. Magdy Mohamed Elanwar, “A Novel Back Up Wide Area Protection Technique for Power Transmission Grids Using Phasor Measurement Unit,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 270-278, January-2010.
[20]. A. M. Ranjbar A. R. Shirani and A. F. Fathi, “A New Approach For Fault Location Problem On Power Lines, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 7 no. 1, January 1992.
[21]. Chul-Hwan Kim, Hyun Kim, Young-Hun Ko, Sung-Hyun Byun, Raj K. Aggarwal, and Allan T. Johns, “A Novel Fault-Detection Technique of High-Impedance Arcing Faults in Transmission Lines Using the Wavelet Transform,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 17, No. 4, October 2002
[22]. Purva Sharma, Akash Saxena, “Critical investigations on performance of ANN and wavelet fault classifiers,”Cogent Engineering (Taylor & Francis Group), Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 1-20,2017.

Akanksha Malhotra, Purva Sharma “Fault Detection and Classification Using Discrete Wavelet Transform” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.93-101 November 2018  URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/93-101.pdf

Download PDF

pdf

Energy Efficient Cluster-Based Routing Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks
Birtukan Adamu Birawo, Dr. G. Sanjiv Rao – November 2018 – Page No.: 102-105

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is consists of a large number of low-cost sensor nodes through wireless communication. Sensor nodes collect environmental information and transmit it to the base station (BS). The sensor nodes are usually; resource constrained and battery limited. Therefore, Energy conservation of the sensor nodes are the important issues considered in the design of Wireless sensor networks. So; designing of an energy efficient routing protocol can maximize the network lifetime. Multi-hop Low Energy Adaptive Cluster Head (M-LEACH) is energy efficient routing approach which improves the life time of the network. However, this routing technique has shown limitation in increasing life time of the network. This paper presents an improved multi-hop LEACH (IM_LEACH) routing protocol for cluster-based networks. The proposed protocol improves Multi Hop LEACH protocol based on energy efficient cluster head (CH) selection technique. The simulation results explain an Improved Multi-hop LEACH (IM_LEACH) routing protocol for cluster-based networks. The proposed protocol achieves. The simulation results illustrate the energy efficiency of the multi-hop cluster-based routing approach. The proposed method attains significant enhancement in term of network lifetime and provides improved energy performance for wireless sensor networks.

Page(s): 102-105                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 December 2018

 Birtukan Adamu Birawo
Master’s Scholar in Software Engineering at Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

 Dr. G. Sanjiv Rao
Associate Professor, Dept. of CS IT & SE at Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

[1]. Tao Du, and Jinwen Xu, “An efficient data aggregation algorithm for WSNs based on dynamic message list”, The 7th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies, ANT 2016.
[2]. J Nandini. S. Patil, Prof. P. R. Patil, “Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Network”, IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research, 2010.
[3]. Xiao Chen and Neil C. Rowe. “Saving Energy by Adjusting Transmission Power in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE Communications Society subject matter experts for publication in the IEEE Globecom proceedings, 2011.
[4]. E.Abdellah, S. Benalla, A.B.Hsaane, and M. Lahcen, “Advanced Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy,” (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, vol. 02, no. 07, pp. 2491-2497, 2010.
[5]. Mounir Arioua, Younes el Assari, Imad Ez-zazi, Ahmed el Oualkadi. “Multi-hop cluster-based routing approach for wireless sensor Networks,” The 7th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies, 2016.
[6]. Guillem Viñas Raventós,” Redundancy Elimination for Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Thesis, 2015.
[7]. Saranya V., Kalaivani A. “Cluster Based Data Aggregation for Wireless Sensor Network”, NCRACCESS, 2015.
[8]. Mohamed Elshrkawey, Samiha M. Elsherif , and M. Elsayed Wahed “An Enhancement Approach for Reducing the Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Journal of King Saud University –Computer and Information Sciences, 2017.
[9]. Xiao Chen, Neil C. Rowe, “Saving Energy by Adjusting Transmission Power in Wireless Sensor Networks”, the IEEE Globecom proceedings 2011.
[10]. Abdullah I. Alhasanat, Ahmad Ali Alhasanat, Khitam M. Alatoun, Aws AlQaisi. “Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Intermediate Nodes”, International Journal of Computer Networks & Communications (IJCNC) Vol.7, No.1, January 2015.
[11]. Deepa PUNEETH, Pradeep Kumar ATREY, “Energy-efficient and reliable data collection in wireless sensor networks”, Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences, 2018.
[12]. Triana Mugia Rahayu, Sang-Gon Lee and Hoon-Jae Lee “A Secure Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Considering Secure Data Aggregation”, Sensors 2015, 15, 15127-15158; doi:10.3390/s150715127.

Birtukan Adamu Birawo, Dr. G. Sanjiv Rao “Energy Efficient Cluster-Based Routing Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 11, pp.102-105 November 2018 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-11/102-105.pdf

Download PDF

pdf