Pichavaram mangrove is one of the best studied mangrove ecosystem in India, it is situated in the Southeast coast of India, located about 250 km south of Chennai (Lat. 11°27’N: Long. 79°47’E). It is located between the Vellar and Coleroon estuaries . The mangrove forest covering 51 islets, ranging in size from 10m2 to 2 km2 Separated by intricate water ways, which connects the Vellar and Coleroon estuaries. The southern part of the forest located towards the Coleroon estuary with predominant mangrove vegetation, while the northen part near the Vellar estuary is dominated by mud-flats. The Pichavaram mangrove is a dynamic ecosystem influnced by neritic water from the adjacent Bay of Bengal through Chinnavaikkal, brackish water from the Vellar and Coleroon estuaries and freshwater from an irrigation channel namely, Khan sahib canal. The mangrove covers an area of about 1400 hectare of which 50% is covered by forest. 40% by water-ways and the remaining filled by the sand-flats and mud-flats (Krishnamurthy and Prince Jayaseelan, 1983). The tidal amplitude of the study area is about 15 to 100 cm in different regions during different seasons, reaching the maximum tidal amplitude during monsoon and post-monsoon seasons and a minimum during summer (Muniyandi, 1986). The rise and fall of the tidal waters is through a direct connection with the sea at the Chinnavaikkal mouth and also through the two adjacent estuaries. The depth of the water-ways ranges from about 0.3 to 3 m (Muniyandi, 1986). For convenience the year is arranged in to four seasons: post monsoon (January-March): summer (April-June). pre-monsoon (July-September) and monsoon (October-December).
- Page(s): 01-02
- Date of Publication: 29 August 2018
- T. NedumaranDepartment of Plant Biology and Plant Biotechnology, Sir Theagaraya College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
. Kannan, L and T.Thangarajou (1998). Seaweeds and Seagrasses of Porto Novo. Annamalai University, Parangipettai, India, 46 pp. . Katheresan,K.2000 A review of studies on Pichavaram mangrove, south India.Hydrobiologia,430:185-205. . Krishnamurthy, K and M.J. Prince Jeyaseelan(1983). The Pichavaram (India) Mangrove ecosystem. Int. J. Ecol. Envir. Sci., 9 : 79-85. . Littler,D.S.,Littler,M M and M D.Hanisak,2008.Submersed plants of the Indian River Lagoon.Offshore Graphics.Inc. Washington,D.C.USA.286 PP. . Muniyandi, K. (1986). Studies on mangroves of Pichavaram (South east coast of India). Ph.D Thesis, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, India. 215 pp. . Muthukannu, B.A. (1984). Ecological studies of marine algae in the Pichavaram mangrove (India), M.Phil. Dissertation, Annamalai University, 88pp. . Trono G.(1998).The seaweed resource of the Philippines.In critchley,AT&Mohono(eds) Seaweed resources of the world.Japon International cooperation Agency, Yokosuka -47-61.
T. Nedumaran "Caulerpa sertularioides (S.G.Gmelin) M.A. Howe (CHLOROPHYCEAE) A First Distributional Record for the Pichavaram Mangroves, South India" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 8 August 2018, pp.01-02 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue8/01-02.pdf
The World Bank forecasts global economic growth to edge up to 3.1 percent in 2018 after a much stronger-than-expected 2017, as the recovery in investment, manufacturing, and trade continues. Growth in advanced economies is expected to moderate slightly to 2.2 percent in 2018.Global growth is expected to be sustained over the next couple of years and even accelerate somewhat in emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs). The Indian economy is expected to grow at an annual rate of 7.4% in 2018 and 7.8% in 2019 according to IMF Economic Outlook. And the World Bank predicted India’s Gross Domestic Product would grow at 7.3% in 2018-19 and 7.5% in 2019-20. The Economic Survey 2017-18 tabled in Parliament by the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Arun Jaitley predicts India's GDP to grow 7 to 7.5 percent in 2018-19. Based on the economic survey the gross domestic product (GDP) data, the full year’s growth has been raised to 6.7% only. Industrial growths well again with the Index of Industrial production (IIP) register an impressive growth rate of 7.5% in January 2018 as compared to 2.4% in January 2017. The faster pace of growth for January 2018 can be accorded to the growth of the Manufacturing and Electricity sectors. During April-Jan 2018, the Manufacturing sector registered a growth rate of 4.3% while the Electricity sector grew at 5.3% for the same period. Manufacturing sub-sectors such as pharmaceuticals, electronics and transport equipment registered robust double digit growth rates, while growth in other sectors such as electrical equipment, garments and textiles slackened. India is one of the emerging, developing economies in the world, Contribution to GDP majorly from agriculture, industrial and service sectors. The industrial growth rate (7.5%) is lower than of service sector (9%), Because of under utilisation of available resources for promoting industrial growth. But most of the developed economies growth depends on industrial sectors. In this paper the researcher made an attempt to examine the role of APSFC in promoting industrial growth by the way of loan sanctions, disbursements year wise, district wise, industry wise and encouragement initiatives and incentives to existing and new industries to expand and growth to increase industrial contribution to GDP from the state.
- Page(s): 03-07
- Date of Publication: 06 September 2018
- R.V. Sankara RaoAssistant Professor,MIC College of Technology Research Scholar, ANU
- Dr Rajesh C. JampalaProfessor & Head, P. B. Siddhartha College of Arts & Science Research Director
. Reddy, C. V. (2012). “Industrial Financial Services by APSFC A Study.” Conference Proceedings, National Conference on “New Paradigms and Perspectives for Business Excellence” held on August 4, 2012 organized by Department of Studies & Research in Business Administration, Tumkur University, Tumkur 572 103, Karnataka. (Ed.,) by Shiva Shankar. K. C, ISBN-978-81-924393-6-5. pp. 146-159. . Himachalam, D. & Reddy, C. V. (2001). “Industrial Finance By State Financial Corporations An Analytical Study of APSFC.” In Kajipet, O. (Ed.) “Contemporary Issues in Business Finance.” Jain, S.C. (1981). “Institutional Finance to Small-Scale Industries in U.P. Since 1956.” Thesis submitted to Agra University, Agra , pp. 89-95. . Jain, S.C. (1981). “Institutional Finance to Small-Scale Industries in U.P. Since 1956.” Thesis submitted to Agra University, Agra , pp. 89-95. . Kaur, Parvinder, (1999). “Performance of Industrial Finance Institutions in India.” In Batra, G.S. and Dangwal, R.C. (eds.) “Industrialization: New Challenges.” Deep and Deep Publications, p.178. . Garg, R. Garg and Gupta, P. (2011). “State Financial Corporations and Industrial Development (A Case Study of PFC and HFC).” Journal on Banking Financial Services & Insurance Research. 1(6), pp. 69-82. . Loan lending policies of APSFC, Annual reports published by the corporation.
R.V. Sankara Rao, Dr Rajesh C. Jampala "Role of APSFC in Promoting Industrial Development" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 8 August 2018, pp.03-07 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue8/03-07.pdf
Edible vaccines (EV) are composed of antigenic proteins and devoid of pathogenic genes which are going to play a vital role and have great promise for the development of the vaccines as a means of prophylactic control of future disease or disorders including metabolic disorders. In the process of prevention of disease or disorders a variety of drug delivery approaches have been developed so far. Vaccinating animals or humans with edible plants is a new emerging area and it can be one of the vital alternatives over conventional vaccines or methods which are available in the current scenario. The edible vaccines are believed to reduce the frequency of potential hazards associated with conventional vaccines and it has variety of applications in improving preventing of autoimmune diseases, cancer, measles, chicken pox, rabies etc. Edible vaccines are produced by the process called "transformation" and the altered plants are called as "transgenic plants" which are composed of antigenic proteins and do not contain any pathogenic genes. Hence, they are safe, cost-effective, easy-to-administer and readily acceptable type of vaccine delivery system, especially for the developing countries.
- Page(s): 08-14
- Date of Publication: 09 September 2018
- Jayaraman RajangamProfessor & Head, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sree Vidyanikethan College of Pharmacy –Tirupati, 517501. Andhra Pradesh, India.
- Gosula Sri Satya Pharm.D (Intern), Sree Vidyanikethan College of Pharmacy –Tirupati, 517501. Andhra Pradesh, India.
- Haritha ThemagepalliPharm.D (Intern), Sree Vidyanikethan College of Pharmacy –Tirupati, 517501. Andhra Pradesh, India.
- M.AnithaDepartment of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sree Vidyanikethan College of Pharmacy –Tirupati, 517501. Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Jayaraman Rajangam, Gosula Sri Satya , Haritha Themagepalli, M.Anitha "An Overview on Edible Vaccines: A Novel Approach to Oral Immunization" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 8 August 2018, pp.08-14 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue8/08-14.pdf
This paper reviews the recent advances in the photocatalytic and antibacterial activities of Zinc oxide (ZnO), doped ZnO synthesized by using different methods like hydrothermal, co-precipitation, Sol-Gel methods. Materials with different morphologies and structures have been investigated by different methods like, Xray diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared(FTIR), under UV, Visible light and sunlight irradiations. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is used as a photocatalyst in the field of environmental applications. However, the large band gap of ZnO and the massive recombination of photo generated charge carriers especially in its Nano size. The majority of the data reveals superior performance of doped ZnO nanomaterials compared to undoped ZnO nanomaterials. The doped ZnO exhibits highest photocatalytic and antibacterial activity among all nanomaterials. The degradation of the textile dyes depends on both its concentration as well as the amount of photocatalyst.
- Page(s): 15-19
- Date of Publication: 09 September 2018
- Tamilisai RCentre for Environmental Research, Department of Chemistry, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode, Tamilnadu- 638 060, India
- Tamilisai RCentre for Environmental Research, Department of Chemistry, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode, Tamilnadu- 638 060, India
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Tamilisai R, and Palanisamy P.N "Review on the Photocatalytic Degradation of Textile Dyes and Antibacterial Activities of Pure and Doped-ZnO" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science -IJRIAS vol.3 issue 8 August 2018, pp.15-19 URL: https://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrias/DigitalLibrary/Vol.3&Issue8/15-19.pdf