Binuclear Fe (III) complex of Mannich base ligands have intervalence charge transfer transition which is a characteristics of mixed valence complexes.and was prepared through the thermal transformation of its mononuclear complex to the binuclear one. All complexes and the corresponding thermal products were isolated and their structures were elucidated by elemental analyses, conductance, IR and electronic absorption spectra, magnetic moments, 1H NMR and EPR.
- Page(s): 01-14
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- G.AnanthakrishnanPost Graduate and Research, Department of Physics, Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli 621 105, India
- S.SujathaPost Graduate and Research, Department of Physics, Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli 621 105, India
- K. BalasubramanianPost Graduate and Research, Department of Physics, Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli 621 105, India
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G.Ananthakrishnan, S.Sujatha, K. Balasubramanian "Synthesis and Characterisation of Dinuclear Iron(III) of Mannich Base Ligands" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-(IJRSI) vol.4 issue 7s, pp.01-14 2017
In the recent years, due to advancement in technology there is drastic growth in vehicular population with improved performance. But even though as a result there is a noticeable reduction in ambient air quality because of the pollutants released by these vehicles. This leads to rise in Green House Gas emission because of additional CO2 released to the environment. Hence investigators focus on fuel consumption and emission reduction techniques. Because of diminishing fossil fuel sources, there is rising demand to change over substitute fuels. In present work a mixture was prepared by mixing of nanoparticle as a fuel additive. Additives are habitually prepared from organic, inorganic and metal oxides components. In recent days because of enhancement in technology metal oxides are attracting greatly, particularly transition metals which diminish soot formation temperature. Usage of metal additive in Nano form is enhanced compared to micron-form, because it helps the combustion in molecular level and also there is no obstruction in fuel injectors. Nano form of metal atomic particles is more appropriate to diffuse. Addition of nanoparticle additive is one of the method to achieve better and efficient combustion. The present work was to investigate the result of metal oxide on the emission physical features of Diesel fuel and its combinations with metal oxides in a solo cylinder, air chilled, direct injection diesel engine. The Nano particle size is in the range of 50-100 nm. Using magnetic stirrer the nanoparticles were dispersed in the fuel. It was detected that addition of nanoparticle to Diesel blend reduces the carbon monoxide, HC and smoke emission. The NOx emission showed an increase because nanoparticles act as an oxygen providing catalyst and it increases the in-cylinder temperature at both fragment load and complete load conditions.
- Page(s): 15-18
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Syed Sameer Assistant Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering, REVA University, Bengaluru, India
- Dr. S.B. Prakash Professor, VTU-PG Center, Mysore, Karnataka India
- Robinson P Assistant Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering, REVA University, Bengaluru, India
- Madhu B.P Assistant Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering, REVA University, Bengaluru, India
. AhmetBicer, Ali Kesin, Metin Guru, Sinem Caynek, YakupIcingur, “Biodiesel production from prom ace oil improvement of its properties with synthetic manganese additive” Fuel, 2008.09.031. . Ali Keskin Duran Altiparmak, Metin Guru, “Influence of tall oil biodiesel with Alumina based fuel additives on diesel engine performance and emission” Bio.-resource Technology 2007.11.051 . Arul Mozhi Selvan .V, R. B. Anand and M. Udaya kumar, “Effect Of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle addition in diesel and diesel- biodiesel-ethanol blends on the performance and emission characteristics of a CI Engine”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied sciences volume 4, No7, SEP 2009. . Baltnsperger.U, Burtscher.H, Matter.U, Qian.Z, Skillas.G, “The influence of Additives on the Size Distribution and Composition of particles produced by Diesel Engines” Combustion Science and Technology, 2000 Vol.154. . 5. Jindal.S, Nandawana B.P, Rathore N.S, Vahistah V.(2010), “Experimental investigation of the effect of compression ratio and injection pressure in a direct injection diesel engine running on Jatropha methyl ester”. Applied Thermal Engineering. Vol.30, pg.no.442-448.”
Syed Sameer, Dr. S.B. Prakash, Robinson P, Madhu B.P "Effects of CeO2 and Al2O3 Nanoparticles Added to Diesel in a Four Stroke Single Cylinder CI Engine" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.15-18 2017
A simple, accurate and sensitive pre-concentration method for determination of Venlafaxine HCl in treated sewage water has been developed based on HPLC. Pre-concentration method was developed for aqueous solution containing pure drug using solid phase extraction. Macroporous beads of polystyrene divinyl benzene (PSDVB) polymer were used for pre-concentration followed by chromatographic determination. Experimental parameters were optimized. The developed method was used for determination of Venlafaxine HCl in water collected from a sewage treatment facility. The developed method can detect Venlafaxine HCl concentration upto 0.003 ppm after pre-concentration.
- Page(s): 19-22
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Koppula Santhosh KumarSchool of Engineering and Technology, Navrachana University, Vadodara – 391410 (INDIA)
- Prakash B. SamnaniDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara - 390 002 (INDIA)
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Koppula Santhosh Kumar and Prakash B. Samnani "Pre-concentration and Quantitative Determination of Venlafaxine HCl Present in Treated Sewage Water" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.19-22 2017
High blood glucose level (BGL) is considered a major risk factor worldwide, as it is responsible for a number of cardiac and chronic diseases, including Diabetes. Blood glucose level affects Heart Rate Variability (HRV) which is an analysis tool, used to evaluate sympathetic and parasympathetic tone of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) by determining the variation of time intervals in consecutive R-R peaks in Electrocardiogram. It became popular because of its large number of medical applications and as it provides detailed quantitative information of various parameters regarding cardiac disorders and arrhythmic status of cardiac rhythm. Therefore, this study emphasized on identification of the relationship between HRV parameter and BGL in fasting and postprandial 2Hr interval. In this study, volunteers were divided in two groups as control group and study group. Control group and study group consists 20 and 10 students of age 22±4 years respectively. Their Electrocardiogram was recorded for fasting and postprandial cases. Time domain, frequency domain and non-linear HRV analysis of 5-min segment of ECG signal was performed with the help of “KUBIOS HRV 2.2” software. This study revealed significance in the relationship of BGL with the ANS activity ratio and cardiovascular variations especially in fasting case among non-diabetic young adults.
- Page(s): 23-28
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Yogyata SoniDept. of Electronics Engineering, RTU, Kota, Rajasthan (India)
- Jitendra Kumar Jain*Dept. of EI & CE, GEC, Bikaner, Rajasthan (India)
- Ranjan MaheshwariDept. of Electronics Engineering, RTU, Kota, Rajasthan (India)
- R. S. MeenaDept. of Electronics Engineering, RTU, Kota, Rajasthan (India)
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Yogyata Soni, Jitendra Kumar Jain, Ranjan Maheshwari, R. S. Meena "Cardiovascular Autonomic Function Analysis by using HRV and its Relationship with BGL in Non-Diabetic Young Adults” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.23-28 2017
The composite brain comprises of billions of components with distinguishable shape, size and wiring patterns. It supervises all the essential functions of the body by receiving the information through five senses: sight, hear, smell, taste and touch and the messages are assembled in a way that has meaning for us. Humans are affected from a number of neurodevelopmental disorders which results in poor ability to function in daily life. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a composite set of mental disorders due to deterioration in the growth and development of brain defined by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication and repeated unusual behaviours. ASD incorporates Autism, Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). This review article assembles information on different interventions adopted against autism.
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Ashima Sindhu MohantyResearch Scholar, SUIIT, Sambalpur University, Odisha, India
- Dr. Krishna Chandra PatraHOD, Dept. of Electronics, SUIIT, Sambalpur University, Odisha, India
- Akshya Kumar SahooAssistant Professor in Dept. of EEE, GIET, Gunupur, Odisha, India
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Ashima Sindhu Mohanty, Dr. Krishna Chandra Patra, Akshya Kumar Sahoo "A Brief Instigation to Autism: Review Article" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.29-32 2017
Demonetization is the act of stripping a money unit of its status as legal tender. It happens at whatever point there is a change of national currency: The present forms of currency is pulled from circulation and terminated, often to be supplanted with new notes or coins. On 8 November 2016, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi declared the demonetisation in an unscheduled live broadcast address to the country at 20:15 IST. Which made perile in various levels of the general public and the economy foreseeing the effect of such approach on various part of a person and additionally corporate and sectorial ions. This review is intended to decide the effect of the same on the stock value developments of top banks in India, to look at the response of Indian lists (Sensex and Nifty and Bankex) and to research whether driving Indian PSU bank stocks demonstrate any arbitrary value developments or taking after patterns. For the reason information has been gathered for 4 months beginning from October 2016 to January 2017, and run test has been directed to check the irregularity of value developments. In spite of the fact that the general execution as far as BANKEX is indicating huge effect, the individual bank securities are not portraying such abnormal state of haphazardness.
- Page(s): 33-36
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Prof. Sandhya Darshan DashAssistant Professor, Finance, Srusti Academy of Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
- Priyabrat BaghaStudent, MBA 2nd Semester, Srusti Academy of Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
. Dr. S. Sathyanarayana Prof. Sudhindra Gargesh (2016). Impact of BREXIT Referendum on Indian Stock Market. IRA-International Journal of Management & Social Sciences ISSN 2455-2267; Vol.05, Issue 01 (2016)Pg. No. 104-121 . Kartik Jain,(2016), Detection of Rational Bubble in Indian Banking Sector: An in depth Study on S&P BSE BANKEX, Quest journalsjournal of Research in Business and managementvolume 4 ~ Issue 8 (2016) pp: 01-05 . S. Harish Babu(2016) Demonetization of Higher Denomination Banknotes in India and Growth of Mobile Wallet Business Transactions, Journal of Marketing and Consumer Research ISSN 2422-8451 An International Peer-reviewed Journal Vol.30, 2016, pg. No. 42-45 . Dr. Neeru Chadha(2015) Financial meltdown and its recoveries: a case study of india, Asia Pacific Journal of Research Vol: I. Issue XXXIV, December 2015, ISSN: 2320-5504, E-ISSN-2347-4793 . Victor K. Gimba(2011) Testing the Weak-form Efficiency Market Hypothesis: Evidence from Nigerian Stock Market, CBN Journal of Applied Statistics Vol. 3 No.1, pg. No. 117-136 . https://thearcmag.com/indias-demonetization-explained-6092a70d964d#.1a0k37iw4 . http://www.afternoonvoice.com/impact-demonetization-banking-sector.html . http://thismatter.com/money/investments/random-walk-efficient-market-hypotheses.htm
Prof. Sandhya Darshan Dash, Priyabrat Bagha, "Impact of Demonetization on Stock Price Movements in Banking Sector of India" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.33-36 2017
The physio-chemical property of flyash from Suratgrah thermal power plant was investigated for the adsorption of the Rhodamine-B. The adsorption was done for different purposes. The effects of contact time, flyash amount, dye concentration, pH and temperature in the Rhodamine-B removal were examined. The results indicated that the main mechanism for Rhodamine-B removal was precipitation due to the alkaline characteristics of fly ash. The results show that the sorption isothermal data could be well described by Freundlich and Langmuir model.
- Page(s): 37-40
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Ashima SatijaPh.d Student, Environmental Research Lab, P.G. Department of Chemistry, Government Dungar College, Bikaner, India.
- Dr. Mridhula BhatnagarAssociate Professor, Environmental Research Lab, P.G. Department of Chemistry, Government Dungar College, Bikaner, India.
. Wang S., Boyjoo Y., Choueib A. and Zhu J., Utilization of fly ash as low cost adsorbents for dye removal, Chemeca 2004, 26-29 September, Sydney . N. Sarier , Specific features of adsorption of azo dyes on flyash, Russian Chemical Bulletin, 56 (3), 2007, 566-569. . Langmuir I. (2007), Constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 139, 57-66. . Freundlich H.(1906), Adsorption in solution, Z. Phys.Chem., 57, 384–470. . Baig M.A.A. and Sivapullajah P.V.(2010), Low cost adsorbents for heavy metal removal, Indian Geotechnical Conference, 409-412. . Khan T.A., Ali I., Singh V.V. and Sharma S. (2009), Utilization of flyash as low cost adsorbent for the removal of Methylene Blue, Malachite Green and Rhodamine-B dyes from textile wastewater, Journal of Evironmental Protection Science, 3,11 – 22. . Kara S., Aydiner C., Demirbas E., Kobya M. and Dize N. (2007), Modeling the effects of adsorbent dose and particle size on the adsorption of reactive textile dyes by fly ash, Science Direct, 212, 282-293. . S. Arivoli , M. Thnkuzali and P. Martin Deva Prasath , Adsorption of Rhodamine –B by acid activated carbon – kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium studies, Orbital, 1(2), 2009, 138-155. . C. Namasivayam, and R.T. Yamuna, Removal of Rhodamine B by biogas waste slurry from aqueous solution, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 65, 1992, 101-109. . M. Otero , F. Rozada , L.F. Calvo , A. I. Garcia and A. Moran , Kinetic and equilibrium modeling of Methylene Blue removal from solution by adsorbent materials produced from sewage sludges, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 15, 2003, 59-68
Ashima Satija, Dr. Mridhula Bhatnagar "Evaluation of Flyash for Removal of Rhodamine-B from Aqueous Solution" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.37-40 2017
Mobile ad hoc network is a collection of network devices which free from any infrastructure and can behave independent for communication. The independence of the node is comes from their freedom of mobility and dynamic topology creation ability. Additionally that enables the new directions of applications for the technology and application advancements. On the other hand the mobility or independence of nodes creates some network performance issues such as link break, network partitions, data loss, communication overheads and others. Therefore the stable route is the key area of investigation and routing protocol design. In this presented work the key intension is to find some solution for link stability of routing protocol. The proposed technique of routing is works on the basis of two stages route establishment and route management. During the route establishment that acts as the AODV routing protocol and after establishment of connection that implements the node tracking concept. Using the tracking concept the node mobility is predicted additionally that helps to estimate the new possible node position in network. In addition of that for more accurate location estimation the velocity and direction of node movement is also associated. Once the direction and velocity of node is obtained the time estimation is performed when the node leave the current or existing path. This presented technique is implemented on NS2 network simulator and their comparative study with the AODV routing protocol is performed. The obtained performance shows the proposed protocol improves the performance of the traditionally used AODV routing protocol.
- Page(s): 41-46
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Kirti Pandit Department of Computer Engineering, RGPV University, Bhopal, M.P., India
- Manmohan Singh Department of Computer Engineering, RGPV University, Bhopal, M.P., India
. Yadav, Anita, Yatindra Nath Singh, and R. R. Singh, "Improving routing performance in AODV with link prediction in mobile Ad-hoc Networks", Wireless Personal Communications 83.1 (2015): 603-618. . Indrani Das and D. K Lobiyal, “Effect of Mobility Models on the Performance of Multipath Routing Protocol in MANET”, Computer Science & Information Technology (CS & IT) Computer Science Conference Proceedings (CSCP), PP. 149–155, 2014 . M. Frodigh, P. Johansson, and P. Larsson.―Wireless ad hoc networking: the art of networking without a network, Ericsson Review, No.4, 2000, pp. 248-263. . Mäki, Silja, "Security Fundamentals in Ad Hoc Networking", Proceedings of the Helsinki University of Technology, Seminar on Internetworking-Ad Hoc Networks. 2000. . Amitabh Mishra and Ketan M. Nadkarni, Security in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, in Book the Handbook of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks (Chapter 30), CRC Press LLC, 2003 . M. Frodigh, P. Johansson, and P. Larsson.―Wireless ad hoc networking: the art of networking without a network, Ericsson Review, No.4, 2000, pp. 248-263. . HaoYang, Haiyun& Fan Ye, “Security in mobile ad-hoc networks: Challenges and solutions”, Pg. 38-47, Volume 11, issue 1, Feb 2004. . Luis Bernardo, Rodolfo Oliveira, Sérgio Gaspar, David Paulino and Paulo Pinto A Telephony Application for MANETs: Voice over a MANET-Extended JXTA Virtual Overlay Network. . Andree Jacobson, Metrics in Ad hoc network, master thesis, 2000. . J. Li, Quality of service (QoS) provisioning in multihop ad hoc networks, PhD thesis, 1997. . C. Liu and J. Kaiser, A survey of mobile ad hoc Network Routing Protocols, Technical Report, 2003 . C. E. Perkins and P. Bhagwat, Highly dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector routing (DSDV) for mobile computers, in Proceeds of SIGCOM’94, 1994, pp. 234-244. . T. Larsson and N. Hedman, Routing protocols in wireless ad hoc network – a simulation study, master thesis, 1998. . [D. Johnson et al., The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for IPv4, RFC 4728. . Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing, RFC 3561, tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3561
Kirti Pandit and Manmohan Singh "A Route Stability Routing Protocol for Improving the Performance of AODV Routing" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.41-46 2017
Object recognition is a prominent research area in the world of computer science. It is used to solve a variety of problems such as image processing, medical diagnostics, compression and surveillance. The primary goal of object recognition is to recognize different objects present in an image, even if the objects’ size, shape and other features change. The challenge in object recognition is to recognize different objects having features invariant to rotation, scaling and translation. In this work we apply Cat Swarm Optimization technique to recognize objects. Then we compare our results with the results obtained from particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithm techniques for the same task, and achieve better results in a more efficient manner.
- Page(s): 47-52
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Mahendra Prasad NathSchool of Computer Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
- Santwana SagnikaSchool of Computer Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
- Madhabananda DasSchool of Computer Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
- Manjusha PandeySchool of Computer Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
 Mahmood ul Hassan, M. Sarfraz, Abdelrahman Osman and Muteb Alruwaili, “Object Recognition Using Particle Swarm Optimization and Genetic Algorithm,”, International Journal of Computer Science Issues, vol. 10, Issue 5, September 2013  Khushboo Khurana and Reetu Awasthi, “Techniques for Object Recognition in Images and Multi-Object Detection,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology, vol 2, Issue 4, April 2013.  Abdolhossein Alipoor and Mehdi Fesharaki, ” Multi objective optimization for object recognition,” 2nd International Conference on Education Technology and Computer, vol. 2, pp. 70-73, 2010.  Kyekyung Kim, Joongbae Kim, Sangseung Kang, Jaehong Kim and Jaeyeon Lee, “Object Recognition for Cell Manufacturing System,” 9th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligent, pp. 512-514, November2012.  Serge Belongie, “Shape Matching and Object Recognition Using Shape Contexts,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 24, Issue. 4, pp. 509-522, April 2002.  Saurabh Bilgaiyan, Santwana Sagnika, Madhabananda Das, "A Multi-Objective Cat Swarm Optimization Algorithm For Workflow Scheduling In Cloud Computing Environment", In Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Computing, Communication and Devices, LNCS, Springer India, April 2014  Reza Oji, “An Automatic Algorithm for Object Recognition and Detection Based on ASIFT Keypoints,” International Journal of Signal and Image Processing, vol. 3, pp. 29-39, October 2012.  Dang Xiaoyan, Zhang Ya, Wang Wei, Wang Zhuo and Wang Zhihua, “A robust multiple object tracking algorithm under highly occlusion,” 7th International Conference on Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualization, 2010.  Shanshan Zhang and Songshan Xiao, “A Neural Network Model for Object Invariant Recognition,” 3rd International Congress on Image and Signal Processing , vol. 4, pp. 1727-1731, 2010.  David Soendoro and Iping Supriana, “Traffic Sign Recognition with Color-based Method, Shape-arc Estimation and SVM,“ International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, pp. 1-6, 17-19 July 2011.  Ran Sharon, Joseph M. Francos and Rami R. Hagege, “Object Detection and Recognition Using Structured Dimensionality Reduction,” Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing, pp. 619-620, 2013.  Kristo and Chin Seng Chua, “Image Representation for Object Recognition: Utilizing Overlapping Windows in Spatial Pyramid Matching,” International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 3354-3357, 2013.  Pei-Wei Tsai, Jeng-Shyang Pan, Shyi-Ming Chen, Bin-Yih Liao and Szu-Ping Hao, "Parallel Cat Swarm Optimization", Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Kunming, pp. 3328-3333, 12-15 July 2008.  Shu-Chuan Chu and Pei-Wei Tsai, "Computational Intelligence Based On The Behavior Of Cats", International Journal of Innovative Computing Information and Control, vol. 3, pp. 163-173, February 2007.  Pyari Mohan Pradhan and Ganapati Panda, "Solving multiobjective problems using cat swarm optimization", Expert Systems with Applications, Elsevier, pp. 2956-2964, 2011.  Yousef Sharafi, Mojtaba Ahmadieh Khanesar and Mohammad Teshnehlab, "Discrete Binary Cat Swarm Optimization Algorithm", 3rd IEEE International Conference on Computer,Control & Communication, pp. 1-6, 2013.  Budi Santosa and Mirsa Kencena Ningrum, "Cat Swarm Optimization for Clustering", IEEE International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition, pp. 54-59, 2009.  Reza Shojaee, Hamid Reza Faragardi, Sara Alaee and Nasser Yazdani, "A New Cat Swarm Optimization based Algorithm for Reliability-Oriented Task Allocation in Distributed Systems", 6th IEEE International Symposium on Telecommunications, pp. 861-866, 2012.  A. P. Engelbrecht. Fundamentals of Computational Swarm Intelligence. John Wiley & sons, England, 2002.  J. Kennedy and R. C. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization,” In Proceedings of the IEEE, International Conference on Neural Networks, Perth, Australia, pp. 1942–1948, 1995.  Yuri Owechko, Swarup Medasani, and Narayan Srinivasa, “ Classifier Swarms for Human Detection in Infrared Imagery,” IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, pp. 121, 2004.  Yuri Owechko and Swarup Medasani, “A Swarm-Based Volition/Attention Framework for Object Recognition,” IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pages 91, 2005.  Dang Xiaoyan, Zhang Ya, Wang Wei, Wang Zhuo and Wang Zhihua, “A robust multiple object tracking algorithm under highly occlusion,” Seventh International Conference on Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualization, pp. 5-8, 2010.  David Soendoro and Iping Supriana, “Traffic Sign Recognition with Color-based Method, Shape-arc Estimation and SVM,” International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, pp. 1-6, 17-19July2011.  Raghotham Reddy Ganta, Syed Zaheeruddin, Narsimha Baddiri and R. Rameshwar Rao, “Particle Swarm Optimization Clustering based Level Sets for Image Segmentation,” IEEE Conference, 2012.
Mahendra Prasad Nath, Santwana Sagnika, Madhabananda Das, Manjusha Pandey "Object Recognition using Cat Swarm Optimization" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.47-52 2017
In the novels of Shobhaa De the varied world of characters are artistically portrayed. Her women are far more different when compared to any ordinary rural women. They belong to city-life and of high status. They live their life to the fullest. They fancy living with no limitations and freeing from all kinds of control of patriarchal rules rampant in the rural society. Shobhaa De’s concern is to expose the futility and meaningless pseudo feminist behaviour. De’s novels interpret and discover, overtly or covertly, sex-starved women’s indulgence in amorous activities. They feel dissatisfied with their husbands and find their love outside in extra-marital affairs. Their quest for liberation and autonomy by shedding the walls of traditionalism, simplicity and morality leads them to live meaningfully. The image of a woman reflected in her novels is of a modern or ultra-modern rebellious woman who is strong and bold enough to achieve social and economic equality in a male-dominated world by using sex as the most important tool.
- Page(s): 53-54
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Rebecca Bhattacharya Principal, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Integral Education, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
. De, Shobhaa .Socialite Evenings. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1989. a. Starry Nights. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1991. b. Sisters. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1992. c. Strange Obsession. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1992. d. Sultry Days. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1994. e. Snapshots. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1995. f. Sethji.New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2012. . Hudge ,Duttatraya & Lakhadive , Rajkumar “Love-Hate Relationship in Shobhaa De’s Sisters” Indian Research Journal. Vol. 1 , Issue 5. . Khan, A.G. “Shobha De ‘Vatsyayani,’ Fiction of the Nineties, Ed. Veena Noble Das and R.K. Dhawan, New Delhi: Prestige, 1994. . Neb , N .K. “ Feminist Narrative Stance : A Study Of Shobhaa De’s Novels.” Indian English Literature .ed. Basavraj Naikar . New Delhi : Atlantic Publishers , 2003 . Rajput , Uma . “Does Self-Actualisation Motivates The Heroines of Shobhaa De?” Journal of Literature , Culture and Media Studies .Vol. II, July – Dec , 2010.
Rebecca Bhattacharya “Eroticism in the Novels of Shobhaa De” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.53-54 2017
In the present investigation, an attempt is made to find out the mechanical and durability properties of concrete using cow dung ash and fly ash. The use of partial replacement of OPC by these wastes favored the concrete production due to their advantages in improving some of the properties of concrete. The investigation was carried out for M25 grade concrete maintaining the water/cement ratio 0.55 throughout the project. This study presents the influence of cow dung ash and fly ash on properties of concrete. The experiment consists of partially replaced cement with cow dung ash as well as fly ash in concrete. Using 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25% and 30% replacement of cement with cow dung ash as well as fly ash. All these mixtures were prepared, conducted the experiments and then the subsequent analysis of test results and the following conclusions are drawn. The mechanical properties like compressive strength and split tensile strength and the durability properties like rapid chloride permeability test and water penetration test were to be conducted on M25 grade concrete.
- Page(s): 55-63
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- A.Kranthi SwarupPG Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Annamacharya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Rajampet, Kadapa
- T.Naresh Kumar Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Annamacharya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Rajampet, Kadapa.
- Dr. N.Venkata Ramana Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, UBDT college of Engineering, VTU - Davangere
. Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, Bruce W. Ramme (2002), “effect of source of fly ash on abrasion resistance Of concrete” journal of materials in civil engineering, J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 2002, 14(5): 417-426 . M. Potha Raju, M. Shobha, K. Rambabu (2004), “Flexural strength of fly ash concrete under Elevated temperatures” Magazine of Concrete Research, 2004, 56, No. 2, March, 83–88. . O. Kayali (2008), “Fly ash lightweight aggregates in high performance concrete” science direct, construction and building materials 22 (2008) 2393-2399. . Weerachart Tangchirapat, Rakburanasing, Chai Jaturapitakkul (2010), “Use of High Fineness of Fly Ash to Improve Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete” journal of materials in civil engineering © ASCE / JUNE 2010 / 565 J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 2010.22:565-571. . Jayeshkumar Pitroda, L. B. Zala, F.S. Umrigar (2012), “experimental investigations on partial replacement of cement with fly ash in design mix concrete” pitroda et al., international journal of advanced engineering technology E-ISSN 0976-3945, IJAET/vol.iii/ issue iv/oct.-dec., 2012/126-129. . V.S.R. Pavan Kumar. Rayaprolu, P.Polu Raju (2012), “Incorporation of Cow dung Ash to Mortar and Concrete” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 Vol. 2, Issue 3, May-Jun 2012, pp. 580-585 . T. Omoniyi, S. Duna, A. Mohammed (2014), “compressive strength characteristic of cow dung ash blended cement concrete” International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 7, July-2014. . O. Y. Ojedokun, A. A. Adeniran, S. B. Raheem (2014), “cow dung ash (CDA) as partial replacement of cementing material in the production of concrete” British Journal of Applied Science & Technology 4(24): 3445-3454, 2014. . Omoniyi Tope Moses, Duna Samson (2014), “investigating the pozzolanic potentials of cow dung ash in cement paste and mortars” Civil and Environmental Research ISSN 2224-5790 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0514 (Online)Vol.6, No.8, 2014. . Mini Soman, Sobha.K (2014) “The Strength and Behaviour of High Volume Fly Ash Concrete”. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization)Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2014. . T.G.S Kiran, M.K.M.V Ratnam (2014), “fly ash as a partial replacement of cement in concrete and Durability study of fly ash in acidic (H2So4) environment” International journal of engineering research and development e-ISSN: 2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X, Volume 10, issue 12 (December 2014), pp.01-13. . Shwetha P C, Praveena K, Ajith B T, Chandrashekara A (2015), “experimental study on partial replacement of cement by fly ash with glass fiber reinforcement” International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), ISSN: 2278-0181, ISSN: 2278-0181. . K.S.Ramesh, T.Subramani (2015), “Experimental Study On Partial Replacement Of Cement With Fly Ash And Complete Replacement Of Sand With M sand” International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM), ISSN 2319 – 4847, Volume 4, Issue 5, May 2015. . Bharath Kumar B S, Jyothi P N (2015), “Comparison of Mechanical Properties of Al-5%Si Alloy Reinforced with Cow dung ash and Rice husk ash” International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology (IJLRET) ISSN: 2454-5031(Online), Volume 1 Issue 4ǁSeptember 2015 ǁ PP 55-58. . Inderveer Singh Gurjar, Gautam Bhadouriya (2015), “a study on use of cow dung ash and rice husk ash in concrete” IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308 Volume: 04 Issue: 11 | Nov-2015
A.Kranthi Swarup, T.Naresh Kumar, Dr. N.Venkata Ramana "Comparative Study on Mechanical and Durability Properties of Concrete Using Fly Ash and Cow Dung Ash" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.55-63 2017
Clean Energy use and human development are closely linked. Access to and affordability of clean energy results in better quality of life. More specifically, biomass use for cooking leads to health hazard from inhaling smoke and drudgery from fetching the fuel. State Govt and at Central level have formulated numerous program for ensuring use of clean fuel for cooking. Unfortunately, inspite of technological progress, the use of smokeless chulha has not been up to expectation because of organizational and social factors. This paper analyses the challenges of adoption of smokeless chulha and suggests implementation strategy for large scale use of it.
- Page(s): 70-78
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Shiv Sankar DasFaculty and Doctoral Candidate in School of Management (SoM), Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
- Haribandhu PandaVice-Chancellor, Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
. Philibert. Cédric, International Energy Agency, “Barriers to Technology Diffusion: The Case Of Solar Thermal Technologies” . Energy Statistics Report 2013 . Odisha Economic Survey 2014-15 . Kim and Nag, “The Diffusion of Technology, experience of Industrial countries and lessons for developing countries”. . Michael R. Hagerty , “Testing Maslow Need: National Quality of Life Across Time”, Vol. 46, No.3, (March 1999) . “Biogas Technology in India: More than Gandhi's Dream?” By Jo Lawbuary, HES
Shiv Sankar Das, Haribandhu Panda "Smokeless Chulha- A Way for Enhancing Quality of Life" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.70-78 2017
Natural fibers are rich in cellulose, abundantly available and easy to handle and process. Over 55% of paper and paperboard production and 80% of natural fiber reinforced composites are made from wood fibers. The development of nanotechnology and biotechnology in the past 10 years has pushed the research and development of wood fibers. And waste tyre rubber has become a major environmental problem. A huge volume of waste in from of used tyres is generated every year which is not bio-degradable. Here the worlds generate about 13.5 million tons of use tyres annually and about 1 million ton tyre scrap is stockpiled in India. These stockpiles are dangerous from environmental point of view. So utilization of this scrap into a useful product is necessary. Wood fiber are usually cellulosic elements that are extracted from trees and used to make materials including paper .wood fiber can be pressed into hard ,flat panels which can be used as ales expansive alternative to wood or plywood in situation not requiring structural strength. Here, these two constituents mixed and binding with polyester resin in different concentration and analyze the effect on compressive strength of the composite with variation of the concentration of tyre with wood.
- Page(s): 79-85
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Rahul SaxenaScholar, Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
- Veer SinghAssistant Professor, Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
. Scrap tyre to oil production: a project file by SMB environment project pvt. Ltd. 2013. . Srddique,, R,, NAIK..” Properties of concrete containing scrap- tyre rubber – “an overview” . Skripkiunas G” grinysA, miskinis K , “ damping properties of concrete with rubber waste additives” material science vol. 15, NO 3,266-272,2009. . Novoa Paulo J.R.O. Ferreira Antonio J.M.and marques Antonio Torres.“Mechanical performance of unsaturated polyester resin modified with powder from scrap tyre rubber”. Material science forum voles.514-516,662-665, 2006. . Malik A.K. “Principles of vibration control” .2010 pp70 – 71. . Mishra A. “dry sliding wear behavior of epoxy rubber dust composites”. World academy science , engineering and technology 67,579-584,2012. . Hyo Lee et al. reported the surface modification of wtd with uv treatment in presence of ally amine. . D. DAI and M. FAN, Wood fibers as reinforcements in natural fiber composites: structure, properties, processing and applications. . Properties performance and design fundamental of expanded polystyrene packaging. . M. Awang, H. Ismail, M.A. Hazizan, Polypropylene-based blends containing waste tire dust: effects of trans-polyethylene rubber (TOR) and dynamic vulcanization. . F. Azevedo, F. Pacheco-Torgal gives aboutfiber. . Kotresh k.m1, Mesfingeta hunbelachew study on waste tyre rubber as concrete aggregates. . Zornberg, costa, vollenweider  conducted a field in- visitation to assess the mechanical behavior of an experimental embankment fill built with tyre shreds and cohesive soil. . B.K CHAURASIA and J. BHASKAR, structural properties of wastes tyre composites. . A. Ibrahim, A. Ashram, S .Chesom, Composites of natural rubber with linear low-density polyethylene. . Kate Pitt1, Omar Lopez1, Austin D. Lafferty2, Iain Todd2, Kamran Mumtaz1, Investigation into the material properties of wooden composite structures with in-situ fibre reinforcement using additive manufacturing. . Maciej Sienkiewicz*, Helena Janik, KajaBorzędowska-Labuda, JustynaKucińska-Lipka Polymer Technology Department, Chemical Faculty, Gdansk University of Technology Gabriela Narutowicza Street 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland Environmentally friendly polymer-rubber composites obtained from waste tyres. . NELSON FLORES MEDINA, DARÍO FLORES MEDINA, F. HERNÁNDEZ- LIVARES, M.A. NAVACERRADA Mechanical and thermal properties of concrete incorporating rubber and fibres from tyre recycling. . FRANK RIEDEWALD1,*, KIERAN GOODE1, AIDAN SEXTON2, MARIA SOUSA- GALLAGHER3 Scrap tyre recycling process with molten zinc as direct heat transfer and solids separation fluid: a new reactor concept. . Eshmaiel Ganjian a,*, Morteza Khorami b, Ali Akbar Maghsoudi c Scrap-tyre-rubber replacement for aggregate and filler in concrete. . F. Azevedo, F. Pacheco-Torgal ⇑, C. Jesus, J.L. Barroso de Aguiar, A.F. Camões Properties and durability of HPC with tyre rubber wastes. . S V Kulkarni, J S Rice, B W Rosen, An investigation of the compressive strength of Kevlar 49/epoxy composite. . Marisa L. Kreider, Julie M. Panko, Britt L. McAtee, Leonard I. Sweet, Brent L. Finley Physical and chemical characterization of tire-related particles: Comparison of particles Generated using different methodologies. . Kline and Company, Inc, Little Falls, NJ, Opportunities for Natural Fibers in Plastic Composites (2000) . T.W. Frederick, W. Norman, Natural Fibers Plastics and Composites, Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York (2004). . P. Flodin, P. Zadorecki, in E. Seferis and B. Stark (eds), Composite Systems From Natural and Synthetic Polymers, Elsevier (1986) 59. . GRESZCZUK, L.B. failure mechanics of composites subjected to compressive loading. AFMI-TR-72-107
Rahul Saxena, Veer Singh "An Investigation of the Compressive Strength of Wood, Tyre/Polyester Resin Composite" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.79-85 2017
Detection and diagnosis of a disease, at the appropriate early stage and time is crucial to save is in the field of medicine. The time in sever as emergency cased for non-automated tests such as blood tests can load a significant increase in mortality rates. As imaging techniques are widely used in the field of medical sciences for the detection of various diseases, classification of famous cancers, etc. Also the existing system used by pathologists for the identification and classification of blood parameters is expensive and time-consuming. As the main power included in non-transformed festivals is high, they tend to be costly and are not affordable for an average patient. Therefore, in this thesis we propose a noval image processing technique that can be automated by identifying the blood parameters such as red blood cell count, white blood cell count and other parameters with precision compared to other existing techniques. The white blood cell count, two algorithms we use each and its weighted average according to the user's performance is treated as final result. Red blood cell count is achieved by Hough's circular transformation and segmented red blood cell count. Similarly, the white blood cell count is achieved using the k-media pool and the segmented blood count in the blue channel with the area response. The proposed technique also helps segregate blood cells into different categories.
- Page(s): 86-92
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Jay Shankar Sharma Computer Science and Engineering, Apex Institute of Engineering and technology, Jaipur, India
- Brij Kishore Computer Science and Engineering, Apex Institute of Engineering and technology, Jaipur, India
. Qubilah D`souza, Sufola Das Chagas Silva Araujo, Dr. Luis C. Mesquita “ Automated Eosinophil Cell count test of a Blood Semar as a Health Maker” IJESC 2017. . Bhagavathi S. L. and Thomas Niba S. “An Automatic system for Detectinh and Counting RBC & WBC using Fuzzy Logic” ARPN 2016. . Kiran Tiwari , Prof. Mrs. Pooja Thakre “An Efficient Approach to Track RBC and Blood Diseases using Blood Sample” IJSTE 2016. . Megharani B. Chougale, Dr.T. B. Mohite-Patil “Automated Red Blood Cells Counting using Image Processing Techniques” IJSRD 2016. . Biji G, Dr.S.Hariharan “White Blood Cell Segmentation Techniques in Microscopic Images for Leukemia Detection” IOSR-JDMS 2016. . S. Raviraja*, S. D. Geethanjali, C. Chethana, B. M. Kanthesh “The Classification and Recognition of Plasmodium Parasite in Prediction of Malaria Infected Blood Smears Using Artificial Intelligence Technique” IJARCSSE 2015. . Awais Mansoor, PhD Ulas Bagci, PhD Brent Foster, BSc Ziyue Xu, PhD Georgios Z. Papadakis, MD Les R. Folio, DO, MPH Jayaram K. Udupa, PhD Daniel J. Mollura, MD “Segmentation and Image Analysis of Abnormal Lungs at CT: Current Approaches, Challenges, and Future Trends” RSNA 2015. . S. Gowri, A. Kanagraj “Cancer tissue IdentificationUsing Monte Carlo Simulation and ICM Algorithm” IJMTES 2015. . Shailesh J. Mishra, Mrs A.P.Deshmukh “DETECTION OF LEUKEMIA USING MATLAB” IJARECE 2015. . Mr. Mehdi Habibzadeh Motlagh “Automatic Segmentation and Classification of Red and White Blood cells in Thin Blood Smear Slides” MHM 2015. . M.MumthajBegam, R. Geetha and A. Sagayaselvaraj Red Blood Cell Identification Using Watershed Technique IJRASET 2015. . K shipra Charpe, V.K. Bairagi, Shama Desarda, Sheetal Barshikar “A Novel Method for Automatic Detection of Malaria Parasite Stage in Microscopic Blood Image” IJCA 2015. . Mehedi Hasan Talukder, Md. Mahfuz Reza , Mahbuba Begum, Md. Rabiul Islam , Md. Mahmudul Hasan “Improvement of Accuracy of Human Blood Groups Determination using Image processing Techniques” IJARCCE 2015. . Mrs. Sonali, C. Sonar, Prof. K. S. Bhagat “An Efficient Technique for White Blood Cells Nuclei Automatic Segmentation” IJSER 2015. . Malhar Bhatt, Shashi Prabha “Detection Of Abnormal Blood Cells Using Image Processing Technique” IJEEE 2015 . Senthilbabu D, Maheswari “White Blood Cell Segmentation using hybrid segmentation methods” IJERT 2014. . Priyadharshini.R, Ramya.S, Kalaiyarasi.S, Kalpana Devi.S, SuthathiraVanitha.N “A Novel Approach In Identification Of Blood Group Using Laser Technology” IJERT 2014. . Nur Alom Talukdar, Daizy Deb Sudipta Roy “Automated Blood Cancer Detection Using Image Processing Based on Fuzzy System” IJARCSSE 2014. . Hariganesh S, Vanitha.K “Review on Blood Platelet Transfusion Using Data Mining” IJESI 2014. . Tejaswini H V, M S Mallikarjuna Swamy “Determination and Classification of Blood Types using Image Processing Techniques” ITSI-TEEE 2014.
Jay Shankar Sharma , Brij Kishore "Computerized Hybrid Algorithm For Blood Cell Segmentation, RBC and WBC Detection" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.86-92 2017
Metal cutting is very impotent role in industry. Finite element method of simulation of this process has fully developed to give a chance to understand something of this process and, sometimes, good accordance with experiment. Nevertheless, due to the critical nature of the metal cutting process in industry, FEA of metal cutting is not straight. In this literature reviews the concepts of the FEA of metal cutting. Comparisons of mathematical, theoretical validation of FEA. It also cover some important growth reported done. Conclusions and statements on recent and future research are also created. In this paper give by share to begin complete knowledge about the FEA of metal cutting.
- Page(s): 93-95
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- M. SivaramakrishnaiahSri Venkateswara College of Engineering and Technology, Chittor, Andhra Pradesh, India
- P. Nanda KumarN.B.K.R. Institute of Science & Technology, Vidyanagar, S.P.S.R. Nellore Dist., Andhra Pradesh, India
- G. Ranga JanardhanaProfessor of Mechanical Engineering & Member - Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission, India
. Ng, E.-G, Aspinwall, D.K., Brazil, D. & Monagham, J., Modelling of temperature and forces when orthogonally machining hardened steel. International Journal of Machme Tools & Manufacture 39: p. 885-903, 1999. . Dirkolu, M. H., Childs, T. H. C. & Maekawa,. Finite element simulation of chip flow in metal machining. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 43: p. 2699-2713,2001. . Altan, T. & Ozel, T., Process simulation using finite element method- prediction of cutting forces, tool stresses and temperatures in high speed flat end milling. International Journal of Machme Tools & Manufacture 40: p. 713-738,2000 . R.F. Brito et al. / International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 36 2009, 314 –321 . Amol Thakare and Anders Nordgren 15th CIRP Conference on Modelling of Machining Operations Experimental Study and Modeling of Steady State Temperature Distributions in Coated Cemented Carbide Tools in Turning / ScienceDirect Procedia CIRP 31 ,2015 234 – 239. . M.C. CAKIR, Y. ISIK Finite element analsysis of cutting tools prior to fracture in hard turning operations, Materials and Design 26 ,2005, 105–112. . Movahhedy, M. Gadala, M. S. & Altinas, Y., Simulation of the orthogonal metal cutting process using an arbitay Lagrangian-Eulerian finite- element method, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 103: p. 267- 275,2000. . Arrazola PJ, Özel T, Umbrello D, Davies M, Jawahir IS,2013 Recent Advances in Modelling of Metal Machining Processes. Annals of the CIRP, 62(2): 695-718 . . Yang, X. & Liu, C. R., A new stress-based model of friction behaviour in machining and its significant impact on residual stresses computed by finite element method, International Journal of mechanical Sciences, 44: p. 703-723,2002. . omasz Domański, Alžbeta Sapietová and Milan Sága International Polish -Slovak Conference “Machine Modeling and Simulations 2016” Application of Abaqus software for the modeling of surface progressive hardening , ScienceDirect Procedia Engineering 177 ( 2017 ) 64 – 69.
M. Sivaramakrishnaiah, P. Nanda Kumar, G. Ranga Janardhana "Review of Orthogonal Metal Cutting using Finite Element Method" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.93-95 2017
Mostly Gemini viruses have been characterized by symptomatology and host range tests,reliance on symptoms only; may impede diagnosis, as symptoms are affected by several variables such as virus strain, the growth stage of the plant at the time of infection, the plant cultivar and environment conditions. The particles of gemini viruses occur in plants in only low to moderate concentrations, which can be inadequate for detection by the conventional serological tests but are adequate for some of the newer, more sensitive methods like polymerase chain reaction (PCR).DNA probes can be valuable especially those derived from the DNA-2 of bipartite genomes they are used to detect virus in homologous sequences.PCR is especially useful for detecting gemini viruses, because of its sensitivity to the viral template in low titers. In addition, taxonomically informative domains may be amplified by PCR. Annealing temperature, type and concentration of PCR additives and MgCl2 concentration were first adjusted to improve sensitivity and reproducibility. DNA concentration required for amplification was assessed by detection of the initial and end points of dilution and the intensity of the amplified bands.
- Page(s): 96-98
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Shail Pande Mahatma Gandhi P G College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
. Goodman, R.M. Geminivirus. (1981) In Hand book of Plant virus Infections and comparative Diagnosis, ed. E.Kurstak Amsterdem : Elsevier / North-Holland Biomed. 879-910, . Harrison, B.D. Advances in Geminivirus research. (1985) Ann. Rev. Phytopathol., 23, 55-82. . Fauquet, G.M., Stanley, J. (2003) Geminivirus classification and nomenclature-progress and problems, Ann Appl. Biol., 142, 165-189 . Malathi, V.G., Usharani, J.S., Sivalingam, P.N., Rouhibaksh, A., Padma Latha, K.V. and Periasamy, M. (2004) Diversity and complexity of Begomoviruses, Annu. Rev. Plant Pathal., 3, 225-270. . Samec, P. (1993) DNA Polymorphism and RAPD technology, Priloha Casopisu Genetika a Slechteni 29 , 291-230. . Williams, J.G.K., Manafey M.K., Rafalkl J.A. and Tingey S.V. (1993) Genetic analysis using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers, Methods in Enzymology, 218, 704-740. . Deng D., McGrath P.F., Robinson D.J., (1994) Harrison B.D. Detction and differentiation of whitefly transmitted geminiviruses in plant and vector insect by the polymerase chain reaction with degenerate primers, Ann. Appl. Biol., 125 , 327 - 336. . Wyatt S D & Brown J K. (1996) Detection of subgroupIII Geminivirus isolates in leaf extracts by degenerate primers and polymerase chain reaction, Phytopathology ,86(12) ,1288-1293. . Harrison, B.D. and Robinson, D.J. (1999) Natural genomic and antigenic variation in whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses, Ann. Rev. Phytopathal., 37, 369-398
Shail Pande "Diagnosis of Virus Disease through Amplification of Selective DNA Fragment using Degenerate Primer in Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata)" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.96-98 2017
The Vickers micro hardness studies have been carried out on one pure and five Cu doped single crystals over a load range of 25 to 100g. The Vickers hardness numbers (Hv) were determined for the grown crystals. The Young’s modulus and yield strength of the crystals have been determined from Hv. The Meyer Index ‘n’ of the grown crystals was determined and it reveals that all the crystals are soft materials. The Hays-Kendall (HK) and Li and Bradt’s Proportional Specimen Resistance (PSR) models were applied to determine the load independent hardness values. The elastic stiffness constant C11 has also been calculated using Wooster’s empirical relation from micro hardness data.
- Page(s): 99-102
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- M. NagarajanAssociate Professor of Physics, V.O.C.College, Thoothukudi, India
- Dr. N. Neelakanda PillaiAssociate Professor of Physics, Arignar Anna College, Aralvoimozhi, India
. Q.Fang.S.Y.Guo, M.H.Jiang, M.K.Lu, F.Q.Meng, S.Y.Sun, Y.P.Tian, X.Q.Wang, D.Xu, D.R.Yuan, W.T.Yu, Z.H.Yang, Y.X.Yan, G.H.Zhang, Mater.Res.Bull.34(1999) 2003-2011. . G.Ramesh kumar,S.Gokulraj,R.Mohan,R.Jeyavel J.Crystal Growth 267 (2004) 213-217 . J.J.RodriguesJr,L.Misoguti,F.D.Numes, C.R.Mendos,S.C.Zilio.,Optical materials 22(2003)235-240 . G.Anbazhagan,S.Joseph, Sankar, Opt.Comm., 291(2013)304-308 . Redrothu hanumantha rao, S.Kalainathan, Mater.Res.Bull.,47(2012), 987-992 . Tanusri Pal, Tanusree Kar, Gabriel Bocelli and Lara Rigi., 3 (2002)13-16 . Armington AF,Poson H and Lipson H, J.Electron.mater., 2(1973)127 . J.madhavan and Ezhilarasi, International Journal of scientific and Engineering Research, 2014, 5, issue3. . D.Sabashini et al., Advances in applied science research,4(2)(2013)238-242 . G.Ramesh kumar et al., Material Chemistry and Physics 108(2008) 359-363. . Redrothu Hanumantha Rao, S.Kalainathan et. al., International Journal of Chem.Tech.Research, 4 ( 2012) 1478-1484. . Ramesh Kumar et. Al., Advances in material science and engineering.,2009,Article Id 704294 . R.Umamaheshwaria., Indian Journal of research,2,11 (2013) . Musa Dogruer , Yusuf Zalao˘glu , Gürcan Yıldırım ,Cabir Terzioglu J Supercond Nov Magn (2014) . Ozturk, O., Asikuzun, E., Erdem, M., Yildirim, G., Yildiz, O.,Terzioglu, C.: J. Mater. Sci., Mater. Electron. 23, (2012) 511–519. . E. M. Onitsch, Mikroskopia, 2 (1947) 131. . C. Hays, E. G. Kendall, Metallography, 6 (1973) 275. . H. Li, R. C. Bradt, J. Mater. Sci., 28 (1993) 917. . W. A. Wooster, Rep. Prog. Phys., 1C (1953) 62. . Makin, M.J.Whapham, A.D and Minter, F.J.(1961) phil.Mag.6, 465. . Fleischer,R.L,(1962) J.Appl.Phys.33, 3504. . Gilman, J.J. (1974) J.Appl.Phys.45,408
M. Nagarajan, Dr. N. Neelakanda Pillai "Micro hardness Studies on Cu doped L-Threonine Single Crystals" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.99-102 2017
For pavements to serve satisfactorily under the adverse conditions of increasing traffic, the paving engineers are required to design and construct the pavements with better strength and durability. The pavement contains different layers, each with their respective engineering properties. Crumb rubber is the most favourable replacement for bitumen content in bituminous mix. After studying some research papers, I have replaced some percentage of bitumen content with crumb rubber blends and prepared samples. Then the marshal stability and flow value tests have been performed on those samples and conclusion was derived from the change in behaviour of samples after tests.
- Page(s): 103-105
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Rajvee Rathod Civil Engineering Department, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad -382481 (India).
- Prof. Hemang Dalwadi Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad -382481 (India).
. USE OF WASTE PLASTIC AND WASTE RUBBER TYRES IN FLEXIBLE HIGHWAY PAVEMENTS- 2012 International Conference on Future Environment and Energy IPCBEE vol.28(2012) © (2012)IACSIT Press, Singapore . USE OF PLASTIC WASTE IN FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS- International journal of application or innovation in engineering and management. . IRC-SP-098 . IRC-SP-53 . Highway Engineering- Khanna & Justo
Rajvee Rathod, Prof. Hemang Dalwadi "Modified Pavement Design" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.103-105 2017
Inter-vehicular communication is a predominant part of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) is a variant of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) and which provide wireless communication among vehicles and vehicle to Road Side Units (RSU). Ad-Hoc, Position-based, broadcast based, Geo-cast based and Cluster based are routing algorithms for VANET. In this paper, we propose mechanism of cluster based routing algorithm which is used to increase the route stability and average throughput by selecting cluster head to broadcast the data packets from source to destination. Simulation results show comparison between Cluster Based Routing (CBR) Protocol and Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol in the metrics of packet delivery ratio and End-to-End delay. Cluster Based Routing (CBR) Protocol have small average end to end delay jitter with higher packet delivery ratio to meets the real-time application needs.
- Page(s): 106-109
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Tejal Patil Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Terna Engineering, College, Navi Mumbai, India
- Imdad RizviElectronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Terna Engineering, College, Navi Mumbai, India
. Samira Jalalvandi, “A Cluster-Based Routing Algorithm for VANET”, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Computer and Communications, 2016. . C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer, "Ad-hoc on Demand Distance Vector Routing", IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and applications, 1999. . Xi Yu, Huaqun Guo, Wai-Choong Wong, “A Reliable Routing Protocol for VANET Communications”, Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 2011. . Neha Goel, Isha Dhyani, Gaurav Sharma, “A Study of Position Based VANET Routing Protocols”, International Conference on Computing, Communication and Automation (ICCCA),2016. . Sheetal Negi, Sudesh Rani, “Comparative Study of Topology based Routing Protocols in VANET”, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology & Security (IJCSITS), 2015. . Brad Karp and H. T. Kung, “GPSR: Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing for Wireless Networks”,6th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, 2000. . Mallika Gandhi, Dr M. Ayoub Khan, “Performance Analysis of Metrics of Broadcasting Protocols in VANET”, International Conference on Innovative Applications of Computational Intelligence on Power, Energy and Controls with their Impact on Humanity (CIPECH14) ,2014. . Viral J. Patel, Anuradha P. Gharge, “A Review on Routing Overhead in Broadcast Based Protocol on VANET”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT),2012. . Salim Allal, Saadi Boudjit, “Geocast Routing Protocols for VANETs: Survey and Guidelines”, Sixth International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing, 2012. . Yuyi Luo, Wei Zhang, and Yangqing Hu, “A new cluster based routing protocol for VANET”, In Networks Security Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC), 2010. . Tao Song, Weiwei Xia, Tiecheng Song and Lianfeng Shen, “A cluster-based directional routing protocol in VANET”, In Communication Technology (ICCT), 2010. . Mazen Alowish, Yasuhiro Takano, Yoshiaki Shiraishi and Masakatu Morii, “Performance Evaluation of a Cluster Based Routing Protocol for VANET”, Journal of communications, 2017. . D. Satyajeet, A. R. Deshmukh, S. S. Dorle, “Heterogeneous Approaches for Cluster based Routing Protocol in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET),” International Journal of Computer Applications,2016. . https://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.
Tejal Patil, Imdad Rizvi "Performance Evaluation of CBR and AODV Protocols in VANET" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.106-109 2017
This paper presents dispersion analysis of coplanar waveguide transmission line. The Characteristic Impedance, effective permittivity, transmission and reflection coefficient of CPW are plotted for alumina and FR4 dielectric materials for various height of substrate and characteristic impedance. Simulations are carried out on SONNET software; it is based upon Method of Moments principle and gives excellent simulations which are consistent with actual fabrications. This paper will help to optimize the design of CPW for various applications.
- Page(s): 110-114
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Shanu Sharma Institute for Excellence in Higher Education, Bhopal, India – 462016
- Alok Kumar Rastogi (FIETE) Institute for Excellence in Higher Education, Bhopal, India – 462016
- Gazala Parvin Institute for Excellence in Higher Education, Bhopal, India – 462016
. C. P. Wen ‘‘Coplanar Waveguide: A Surface Strip Transmission Line Suitable for Nonreciprocal Gyromagnetic Device Applications’’ IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 17, No. 12, pp. 1087—1090, 1969. . R. E. Collin “Foundations for Microwave Engineering” 2nd ed.New York: Mc Graw- Hill, 1992. . K. C. Gupta, R. Garg, I. J. Bahl, and P. Bhartia “Microstrip Lines and Slotlines” 2nd ed.Artech House, Inc., 1996. . Hasnain, G., A. Dienes, and J. R. Whinnery “Dispersion of picosecond pulses in coplanar transmission lines” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 34, No. 6, 738–741, 1986. . A. K. Rastogi, and S. Hardikar “Characteristics of CPW with thick metal coating” Conference Digest, International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 345–346, 2002. . F., Schnieder, T. Tischler, and W. Heinrich “Modeling dispersion and radiation characteristics of conductor-backed CPW with finite ground width” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 51, No. 1, 137–143, 2003. . J. Zhang, , S. Alexandrou, and T. Y. Hsiang “Attenuation characteristics of coplanar waveguides at subterahertz frequencies” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 53, No. 11, 3281–3287, 2005. . T. Y. Hsiang, S. Alexandrou, and C. C. Wang, “Terahertz dispersion of coplanar waveguides and waveguide bends,” Proceedings of PIERS’95 — Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, 789, 1995. . Sonnet User’s Guide Release 10, Sonnet Software Inc. Syracuse, NY, 2005. . Mukesh kumar, Rohini Saxena, Anil Kumar, Pradyot Kala, Reena Pant ”Theoretical Characterization of Coplanar Waveguide using Conformal Mapping” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science & Electronics Engineering, Vol-1, Issue-4, pp. 48-51, 2012.
Shanu Sharma, Alok Kumar Rastogi (FIETE), Gazala Parvin "Dispersion Analysis of Finite Dielectric Coplanar Waveguide (FCPW) on Alumina and FR4 Substrate" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.110-114 2017
To secure the data over the unsecured networks, various types of data protection methods are necessary. With advent of Cloud Computing idea, a common problem, confidentiality of data, was emerged. The main idea of this paper is to propose an algorithm to provide the data security in cloud computing by increasing the complexity in encrypted data without using the reference sequences. The given text data is converted into the binary form and each two bits of binary data is mapped into the first four alphabets. These alphabets are replaced by very next charecters in the sequence .Now the sequence of charecters formed would serve as encrypted charecters. These are the charecters to be sent to cloud and At the receiver’s end these encrypted charecters are decrypted back by replacing each alphabet by the previous one and in turn the intermediate alphabets are converted back to the l binary data to form the original data. Thus we provide a secured means of communication over the cloud.
- Page(s): 115-118
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Shreenath Waramballi Assistant Professor, Computer Science Engineering Department, Sahyadri College of Engineering and Management, Mangalore
- Dr. Guruprakash C D Professor, Computer Science Engineering Department, Shree Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Tumkur
- Rama Moorthy H Assistant Professor, Computer Science Engineering Department, Shree Madhwa Vadiraja Institute of Technology, Udupi
- Manjunath RaikarAssistant Professor, Computer Science Engineering Department, KIaravali Institute of Technology, Mangalore
- Sunil B NAssistant Professor, Computer Science Engineering Department, Sahyadri college of Engineering, Mangalore
. C.C. Chang, C.C. Lin, C.S. Tseng, W.L. Tai, Reversible hiding in DCTbased compressed images, Information Sciences 177 (2007). . C.C. Chang, W.C. Wu, Y.H. Chen, Joint coding and embedding techniques for multimedia images, Information Sciences 178 (2008). . C.H. Huang, J.L. Wu, Fidelity-guaranteed robustness enhancement of blind-detection watermarking schemes, Information Sciences 179 (2009). . H.H. Tsai, D.W. Sun, Color image watermark extraction based on support vector machines, Information Sciences 177 (2007). . H.W. Tseng, C.P. Hsieh, Prediction-based reversible data hiding, Information Sciences 179 (2009). . C.C. Chang, T.C. Lu, Y.F. Chang, R.C.T. Lee, Reversible data hiding schemes for deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) medium, International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control 3 (2007). . C.T. Clelland, V. Risca, C. Bancroft, Hiding messages in DNA microdots, Nature 399 (1999). . A. Leier, C. Richter, W. Banzhaf, H. Rauhe, Cryptography with DNA binary strands, BioSystems 57 (2000). . A Symmetric Key Cryptographic Algorithm Ayushi Lecturer, Hindu College of Engineering H.No:438, sec-12, sonipat, Haryana
Shreenath Waramballi, Dr. Guruprakash C D, Rama Moorthy H, Manjunath Raikar, Sunil B N "Simple and Effective Data Encryption and Decryption Technique for Cloud Environment without using Reference Sequences" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.115-118 2017
The majority applications of pollution monitoring systems are in industries. The control of the parameters which causes pollution and deteriorates the industrial and natural environment pattern is a great challenge and has received interest from industries. The main objective of our project is to design an efficient and robust system to control the parameters causing pollution and to minimize the effect of these parameters without affecting the plant or natural environment. The proposed methodology is to model a system to read and monitor pollution parameters and to inform pollution control authorities when any of these factors goes higher than industry standards. A mechanism using GSM and LabVIEW is introduced in this proposed methodology, which will automatically monitor when there is a disturbance affecting the system. The system is implemented using LabVIEW software. The system investigates level of gases released during industry process, temperature of the machineries, detection of light using LDR, detection of flames. Each process will have a separate data acquiring and controlling mechanism. LabVIEW provides operation interface and manipulation of data and GSM is suitable for interactive environment for signal transfer . The main idea behind the project is to make a real time fully automated control system using LabVIEW and GSM.
- Page(s): 119-123
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Dr. Channappa Bhyri Professor, Dept. of Electronics and Instrumentation, PDACE, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India
- Eliyaz Ahmed Student, Dept. of Electronics and Instrumentation, PDACE, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India
. S.R.N. Purnima Reddy, ‘‘Design of Remote Monitoring and Control System with Automatic Irrigation System using GSM-Bluetooth,’’ in International Journal of Computer Applications , Volume 47, No.12, pp. 12-25,2012. . A. Lay-Ekuakille,P.Vergallo, and N.I.Guannoccaro ‘‘Prediction and validation of outcomes from air monitoring sensors and network of sensors,’’ in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sensing Technology, pp. 73-78,2011. . Jifeng Ding, Jiyin Zhao, and Biao Ma.‘‘Remote monitoring system of Temperature and Humidity based on GSM,’’ in proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Application, pp. 678-681,2008. . N.Kularatna,andB.H.Sudantha, ‘‘An environmental air pollution monitoring system based on the IEEE 1451 standard for low cost requirements,’’ IEEE Sensors Journal, volume 8, pp. 415-422,April 2008. . Chen Peijiang and Jiang Xuehua. ‘‘Design and Implementation of Remote Monitoring System Based on GSM,’’ Pacific-Asia Workshop on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Application, volume 15, pp. 678-681,2008. . N.Xu, ‘‘A Survey of the Sensor Network Applications,’’ IEEE Communications Magazine, Volume 40, No.8, pp. 102-114,2002. . www.ni.com
Dr. Channappa Bhyri, Eliyaz Ahmed "Design and Development of Industrial Pollution Monitoring System using LabVIEW and GSM" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.119-123 2017
The next generation of mobile communication is based on OFDM technology. It is an efficient method of data transmission for high speed communication system. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems have been proposed in the recent past years for providing high spectral efficiency, less vulnerability to echoes, low implementation complexity and resistance to non linear distortion .However the main drawback of OFDM system is high peak to average power ratio (PAPR) of transmitted signals due to inter-symbol interference between the subcarriers as a result the amplitude of such a signal can have high peak values. Thus a power amplifier must be carefully manufactured to have a linear input output characteristics or to have large input output back-off. Drawback of high PAPR is that dynamic range of power amplifier and Digital to Analog (D/A) converter during the transmission and reception of the signal is higher. As a result total cost of transceiver increases with reduced efficiency. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) Spreading is one of the advantage over Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) schemes, to boost the system performance for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM) communication system which is faster than the DFT spread to reduce the PAPR problem in OFDM system by using different subcarrier mapping schemes. The system performances are usually measured by the unit of bit error rate. For 256 QAM the highest communication length will be achieved at the forward error control (FEC) limit.
- Page(s): 124-128
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Jyotirekha Das Assistant Professor, Electronics and Telecommunication Department, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang, Odisha, India
- Priyanka Kar M.Tech Student, Electronics and Telecommunication Department, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang, Odisha, India
. Yong Soo Cho, Jaekwon Kim, Won Young Yang, Chung G.Kang―MIMO-OFDM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS WITH MATLAB‖ John wiley & son s pvt ltd. . OFDM and Its Wireless Applications: A Survey Taewon Hwang, Chenyang Yang, Senior Member, IEEE, Gang Wu, Member, IEEE, Shaoqian Li, and Geoffrey Ye Li, Fellow, IEEE . Puntsri, K., "On the 2×2 DFT-spread space-time block code CO-OFDM for PDM optical communications," Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommuni-cations and Information Technology (ECTI-CON), 2014 11th International Conference on , vol., no., pp.1,4, 14-17 May 2014. . Prajakta Shedashale, Dr.V.V.Patil, “ Analysis of Paper Reduction Scheme in OFDM using DFT Technique”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, Issue 1 , January 2016 . Wang Yi Gu linfeng Blekinge Institute of Technology October 2009, “An Investigation of Peak-to-Average Power Reduction in MIMO-OFDM Systems”. . Md. Ibrahim Abdullah, Md. Zulfiker Mahmud, Md. Shamim Hossain, Md. Nurul Islam, “Comparative Study of PAPR Reduction Techniques in OFDM”, ARPN Journal of Systems and Software, VOL. 1, NO. 8, November 2011. . T. Jiang, W. Xiang, H. H. Chen, and Q. Ni, “Multicast broadcasting services support in OFDMA-based WiMAX systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 78-86, Aug. 2007. . Amit Shukla, Vineeta Saxena Nigam, “PAPR Reduction in OFDM System Based on SLM Technique”, International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE) ISSN: 2278-3075, Volume-3, Issue-4, September 2013. . Myung, Lim, and Goodman, “Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission”, IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, September 2006, page 30- 38. . Kanchan Choubey, Prashant Jain, “PAPR Reduction using Companding and FEC Coding in OFDM System”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 1, January-2014 . . Lin, Xiao, Vucetic, and Sellathurai, “Analysis of Receiver Algorithms for LTE SC-FDMA Based Uplink MIMO Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2010. . Deergha Agarwal, Nishant Sharan, Ponmani Raja M, Ankur Agarwal, “PAPR Reduction Using Precoding and Companding Techniques for OFDM Systems”, IEEE ,2015. . Ramdas P.Karhale, Pradeep N.Narwade, “ A PEAK TO AVERAGE POWER RATIO (PAPR) REDUCTION IN OFDM SYSTEMS”, IRJET, Volume: 03 Issue: 01,Jan-2016. . Yong Soo Cho,Jaekwon Kim, Won Young Yang,Chung-Gu Kang, “MIMO-OFDM wireless communications with Matlab”. . Sachin Rawat, “Implementation of a FEC technique using convolutional encoding with viterbi decoding”, a thesis paper, March 2004
Jyotirekha Das,Priyanka Kar "PAPR Reduction using FFT Spreading with FEC for OFDM Systems" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.124-128 2017
Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a popular swarm intelligence based optimization algorithm. Inertia weight is an important parameter of PSO. Many strategies have been proposed for setting of inertia weight during last 20 years. Dynamic Inertia Weight approach is proposed in this paper. In the proposed approach for inertia weights are applied to PSO based on probability. Numerical experiments on 25 test problems indicate that the proposed approach of Dynamic Inertia weights has the potential to improve the performance of PSO.
- Page(s): 129-135
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- Yogendra Singh Kushwah Department of Mathematics, Government Science College, Gwalior, MP, India
- R K Shrivastava Department of Mathematics, Government Science College, Gwalior, MP, India
. R. Eberhart and J. Kennedy. A new optimizer using particle swarm theory. In Micro Machine and Human Science, 1995. MHS’95., Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on, pages 39–43. Ieee, 1995. . Y. Shi and R. Eberhart. A modified particle swarm optimizer. In Evolutionary Computation Proceedings, 1998. IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence., The 1998 IEEE International Conference on, pages 69–73. IEEE, 1998. . JC Bansal, PK Singh, Mukesh Saraswat, Abhishek Verma, Shimpi Singh Jadon, and Ajith Abraham. Inertia weight strategies in particle swarm optimization. In Nature and Biologically Inspired Computing (NaBIC), 2011 Third World Congress on, pages 633–640. IEEE, 2011. . G. Chen, X. Huang, J. Jia, and Z. Min. Natural exponential inertia weight strategy in particle swarm optimization. In Intelligent Control and Automation, 2006. WCICA 2006. The Sixth World Congress on, volume 1, pages 3672–3675. IEEE, 2006. . W Al-Hassan, MB Fayek, and SI Shaheen. Psosa: An optimized particle swarm technique for solving the urban planning problem. In Computer Engineering and Systems, The 2006 International Conference on, pages 401–405. IEEE, 2006. . Y. Feng, G.F. Teng, A.X. Wang, and Y.M. Yao. Chaotic Inertia Weight in Particle Swarm Optimization. In Innovative Computing, Information and Control, 2007. ICICIC’07. Second International Conference on, page 475. IEEE, 2008. . R.F. Malik, T.A. Rahman, S.Z.M. Hashim, and R. Ngah. New Particle Swarm Optimizer with Sigmoid Increasing Inertia Weight. International Journal of Computer Science and Security (IJCSS), 1(2):35, 2007. . Y. Gao, X. An, and J. Liu. A Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with Logarithm Decreasing Inertia Weight and Chaos Mutation. In Computational Intelligence and Security, 2008. CIS’08. International Conference on, volume 1, pages 61–65. IEEE, 2008. . H.R. Li and Y.L. Gao. Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with Exponent Decreasing Inertia Weight and Stochastic Mutation. In — 2009 Second International Conference on Information and Computing Science, pages 66–69. IEEE, 2009. . R.C. Eberhart and Y. Shi. Tracking and optimizing dynamic systems with particle swarms. In Evolutionary Computation, 2001. Proceedings of the 2001 Congress on, volume 1, pages 94–100. IEEE, 2002. . Jianbin Xin, Guimin Chen, and Yubao Hai. A particle swarm optimizer with multi-stage linearly-decreasing inertia weight. In Computational Sciences and Optimization, 2009. CSO 2009. International Joint Conference on, volume 1, pages 505–508. IEEE, 2009.
Yogendra Singh Kushwah and R K Shrivastava "Particle Swarm Optimization with Dynamic Inertia Weights" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.129-135 2017
In image presence of noise might affect the results for some processing, such as image segmentation, edge detection, object recognition and data compression. Therefore, the process of image restoration or noise filtering should be taken on the image before other image processing takes place. In this paper high performance mixed noise (combination of salt and pepper noise and Gaussian noise) removal technique is proposed. This mixed noise removal is done and using Fuzzy filter and Hybrid Bacterial Foraging Optimization. The proposed method reduces mixed noise without compromising on edge sharpness by providing improved mean square error (MSE) and peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) values at different noise densities.
- Page(s): 136-140
- Date of Publication:25 July 2017
- Shipra Sood Research Scholar, Department of ECE, Sri Sai University, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India
- Parul MalhotraAssistant Professor, Department of ECE, Sri Sai University, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India
. Jayasree.M, N. K. Narayan, “An Efficient Mixed Noise Removal Technique from Gray Scale Images using Noisy Pixel Modification Technique”, IEEE, pp. 0336-0339, 2015. . Sanparith Marukatat, “Image enhancement using local intensity distribution equalization”, EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing, pp. 1-18, 201 . Bhagwati Charan Patel, G.R. Sinha, “Gray level clustering and contrast enhancement (GLC-CE) of mammographic breast cancer images”, Springer, pp. 279-286, 2015. . Isma Irum, Muhamaad Sharif, Mudassar Raza and Sajjad Mohsin, “A Nonlinear Hybrid Filter for Salt & Pepper Noise Removal from Color Images”, Journal of Applied Research and Technology, Volume13, 2015. . S.Ravisankar, S. Sabari Guru Rajaa, S.S Sriram Prasath. “Removal of impulse noise using Fuzzy Genetic Algorithm”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 3, 2014. . V.Murugan, T.Avudaiappan and Dr.R.Balasubramanian, “A Comparative Analysis of Impulse Noise Removal Techniques on Gray Scale images”, International Journal of Signal Processing (IJSIP), ISSN: 2005-4254, Volume 7, pp. 239-248, 2014. . Christo Ananth, Vivek, Selvakumar.S, Sakthi Kannan.S., “Sankara Narayanan.D, “Impulse Noise Removal Using Improved Particle Swarm Optimization’’, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE), Volume 3, pp. 360-370, 2014. . Akitha Kesireddy and Mohamed El-Sharkawy, “Adaptive Trilateral Filter For HEVC Standard”, The International Journal of Multimedia & Its Applications (IJMA), Volume 6 pp.19-26, 2014. . Faruk Ahmed and Swagatam Das, “Removal of High Density Salt-and- Pepper Noise in Images with an Iterative Adaptive Fuzzy Filter using alpha-trimmed Mean”, IEEE, pp 1-7,2013. . Ilke Turkmen, “A new method to remove random-valued impulse noise in images’’, International Journal of Electronics and Communications, pp. 771-779, 2013. . Zhu Lin, “A Non Local Means Based Adaptive Denoising Framework for Mixed Image Noise Removal”, IEEE, pp. 454-499, 2013. . Vivek Chandra, sagar Deokar, Siddhant Badhe and Rajesh Yawle, “Removal of High Density Salt and Pepper Noise through Modified Decision Based Unsymmetric Trimmed Adaptive Median Filter,” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), ISSN: 2249-8958, Volume 2, pp. 495-499, 2013. . Madhu S.Nair, P.M Ameera Mol, “Direction based adaptive weighted switching median filter for removing high density impulse noise,”Computer and Electrical Engineering (ELSEVIER), pp.663-689, 2013. . Mehdi Nasri, Saeid Saryazdi and Hossein Nezamabadi-pour, “A Fast Adaptive Salt and Pepper Noise Reduction in Images,” Circuits Syst Signal Process, pp.1839-1857, 2013. . Rafał Petryniak, “Edge Preserving Techniques in Image Noise Removal Process,’’Technical Transactions (Mechanics), pp. 301-307, 2013.
Shipra Sood, Parul Malhotra "High Performance Fuzzy Filter and BFO Based Method for Removal of Mixed Noise from Images" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.136-140 2017
Solar power can be a solution to the decreasing availability of energy resources. A wireless sensor network (WSN) to automatically irrigate the crops using soil moisture content values obtained from the soil moisture sensor is designed. The key objective of this paper is to provide a solar powered microcontroller based automated irrigation system. Minimization of human intervention in farm land irrigation can be done by using this automated technology. The use of moisture sensor and water level sensor all together sends the signals to microcontroller which further sends the various statuses as read by the sensors. Moisture level values read by the sensor are updated to server database through Wi-Fi module. The concept of solar drip irrigation system is simple but efficient, low cost solar powered pumping system, which provides the necessary pressurized water to a drip irrigation system. The function of solar panel is to charge the battery throughout the day when sunlight is available and the power for the pump is subsequently provided by battery.
- Page(s): 141-144
- Date of Publication:25 July 2017
- Vinaya Kumar S RAssistant Professor, ECE Department, SMVITM, Bantakal, Udupi, India
- NayanaStudent, 8th Sem., ECE Department, SMVITM, Bantakal, Udupi, India
- Namratha DamleStudent, 8th Sem., ECE Department, SMVITM, Bantakal, Udupi, India
- Jesna D’saStudent, 8th Sem., ECE Department, SMVITM, Bantakal, Udupi, India
- AnushaStudent, 8th Sem., ECE Department, SMVITM, Bantakal, Udupi, India
. Angelina M. Y. Ho, Hawa Ze Jaafar, Ionel Valeriu Grozescu, and Muhammad Zaharul Asyraf Bin Zaharin, “Solar Powered Gravity-Feed Drip Irrigation System Using Wireless Sensor Network”, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 6, No. 12, December 2015 . Avinash Chitransh, Akash Sagar, Amit Kumar, “Automated Solar Powered Irrigation system A Technical Review”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume 3, Issue4, Apr-2016 . Amritha Gangadharan, Srinath.N, SwathyKrishna I, Siby C Arjunan, “Solar Powered Smart Irrigation System”, IRACST - International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology & Security (IJCSITS), ISSN: 2249-9555 Vol.6, No.2, Mar-April 2016 . Ankita Kashiv, Avi Bilala, Naseem Shirazi, Amol Dwivedi, Dr. Rajesh Joshi, “Solar Drip Irrigation Syatem”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 6, Issue 4, April 2016 . Saptarshi Gupta, Sonal Modi, Yogesh Shukla, Sudhanshu, Somu Sinha, “Terrace Drip Irrigation and Smart Automation Using IP”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Management Technology ISSN: 2348-4039, Volume 2, Issue-2, March- 2015 . S. V. Devika, Sk. Khamuruddeen, Sk. Khamurunnisa, Jayanth Thota, Khalesha Shaik, “Arduino Based Automatic Plant Watering System”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering ISSN: 2277 128X, Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2014 . Karishma Patel, Krishna Patel, Kajal Patel, Sandip Delwadkar, “Technical Review: Drip Irrigation System Using Wireless Sensor Network”, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies (IJCSIT) ISSN: 0975-9646, Vol. 6 (6), 2015.
Vinaya Kumar S R, Nayana, Namratha Damle, Jesna D’sa, Anusha "Wireless Sensor Network Controlled Automated Drip Irrigation System" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.141-144 2017
Mutation Testing is utilized as fault based testing to overcome constraints of other testing approaches yet it is recognized as costly process. In mutation testing, a good test case is one that kills one or more mutants, by delivering different mutant yield from the original program. In order to select or generate a good test case an optimization algorithm needs to be selected that can demonstrate its suitability for generating an optimal test cases as well as lessening the cost of data generation in various testing approaches. Three methodologies, specifically, computational calculations, mathematical development, and nature- metaheuristic techniques, can be utilized to tackle this issue effectively and locate a close optimal arrangement. Utilizing nature-propelled metaheuristic calculations can produce more proficient results than other methodologies. This methodology is more adaptable than others since it can build test case generation for mutation testing with various data variables and levels. Strategies that have been utilized for ideal test case generation from the cases incorporate simulated annealing (SA), genetic algorithm (GA), ant colony algorithm (ACA), and particle swarm optimization (PSO), but we found two strategies: artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm and Penguins Search Optimization (PeSO) algorithm to be most appealing.
- Page(s): 145-151
- Date of Publication:25 July 2017
- Jyoti Chaudhary Department of Computer Engineering, The Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, Bhiwani, India
- Dr. Mukesh Kumar Research Scholar, UIET, MDU, Rohtak, India
. Jia Y, and Harman M,“An analysis and survey of the development of mutation testing”, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 649-678, 2011. . Fraser G, and Zeller A, “Mutation-driven generation of unit tests and oracles”, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 278-292, 2012. . Usaola M. P, and Mateo P. R, “Mutation testing cost reduction techniques: a survey”, IEEE software, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 80, 2010 . Nie C, Wu H, Niu X, Kuo F. C, Leung H, and Colbourn C. J, "Combinatorial testing, random testing, and adaptive random testing for detecting interaction triggered failures", Information and Software Technology, Vol. 62, pp. 198-213, 2015. . Anand S, Burke E. K, Chen T. Y, Clark J, Cohen M. B, Grieskamp W, ... and McMinn P, "An orchestrated survey of methodologies for automated software test case generation", Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 86, No. 8, pp. 1978-2001, 2013. . Bansal A, “A Comparative Study of Software Testing Techniques", International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 579-84, 2014. . Jia Y, and Harman M, “Higher order mutation testing”, Information and Software Technology, Vol. 51, No. 10, pp. 1379-1393, 2009. . Ahmed B. S, Sahib M. A, and Potrus M. Y, "Generating combinatorial test cases using Simplified Swarm Optimization (SSO) algorithm for automated GUI functional testing", International Journal on Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 218-226, 2014. . Garvin B. J, Cohen M. B, and Dwyer M. B, "Evaluating improvements to a meta-heuristic search for constrained interaction testing", Empirical Software Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 61-102, 2011. . Bryce R. C, Sampath S, Pedersen J. B, and Manchester S, "Test suite prioritization by cost-based combinatorial interaction coverage", International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 126-134, 2011. . Kuliamin V. V, and Petukhov A. A, "A survey of methods for constructing covering arrays", Programming and Computer Software, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 121-146, 2012. . Ahmed B. S, and Zamli K. Z, "A variable strength interaction test suites generation strategy using Particle Swarm Optimization", Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 84, No. 12, pp. 217 -2185, 2011. . Yuan X, Cohen M. B, and Memon A. M, "GUI interaction testing: Incorporating event context", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 4, pp. 559-574, 2011. . Nie C, and Leung H, "A survey of combinatorial testing", ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 11.1-11.29, 2011. . Torres-Jimenez J, and Rodriguez-Tello E, "New bounds for binary covering arrays using simulated annealing”, Information Sciences, Vol. 185, No. 1, pp. 137-152, 2012. . Pachauri A, and Srivastava G, "Automated test data generation for branch testing using genetic algorithm: An improved approach using branch ordering, memory and elitism", Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 86, No. 5, pp. 1191-1208, 2013. . Mao C, Yu X, Chen J, and Chen J, "Generating test data for structural testing based on ant colony optimization", In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Quality Software (QSIC), pp. 98-101, 2012. . Ahmed B. S, Zamli K. Z, and Lim C. P, "Application of Particle Swarm Optimization to uniform and variable strength covering array construction", Applied soft computing, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 1330-1347, 2012. . Baker R, and Habli I, "An Empirical Evaluation of Mutation Testing for Improving the Test Quality of Safety-Critical Software", IEEE Transactions on in Software Engineering, Vol. 39, No. 6, pp. 787-805, 2013. . Fraser G, and Arcuri A, “Achieving scalable mutation-based generation of whole test suites”, Empirical Software Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 783-812, 2015. . Debroy V, and Wong W. E, “Combining mutation and fault localization for automated program debugging”, Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 90, pp. 45-60, 2014. . Belli F, Budnik C. J, Hollmann A, Tuglular T, and Wong W. E, “Model-based mutation testing–approach and case studies”, Science of Computer Programming, pp. 1-24, 2016. . Habibi E, and Mirian-Hosseinabadi S. H, “Event-driven web application testing based on model-based mutation testing”, Information and Software Technology, Vol. 67, pp. 159-179, 2015.
Jyoti Chaudhary, Dr. Mukesh Kumar "Nature Propelled Mutation Testing Techniques: PeSO and ABC" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.145-151 2017
Long distance trains often render the passengers distressed and frazzled which can affect them psychologically and physically. In such trains, passengers cannot always rely on full-time internet access or mobile network. During such aggravating times, it will be a blessing in disguise to have access to recreational services where internet is dispensable in proposed system. Many such systems are already implemented. It will be worth to attempt a similar endeavour in trains. We will strive to provide entertainment services such as quotes, music and videos through a wireless network in the trains. In addition to the recreational solutions, we also propose an alarm alert feature. We believe long distance journeys should be made as enjoyable and delightful as it can be humanly possible.
- Page(s): 152-156
- Date of Publication:25 July 2017
- Prof. Sunayana JadhavAssistant Professor, Department of Information Technology, K J Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, India
- Jinal ShahStudents, Bachelor of Engineering Department of Information Technology K J Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, India
- Pooja ShahStudents, Bachelor of Engineering Department of Information Technology K J Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, India
- Afsheen SyedStudents, Bachelor of Engineering Department of Information Technology K J Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, India
- Saloni ThakareStudents, Bachelor of Engineering Department of Information Technology K J Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, India
. Jinal Shah, Pooja Shah, Afsheen Syed, Saloni Thakare, Prof. Sunayna Jadhav, Entaalarm Proposed System . Hao Liu, In-flight Entertainment System: State of the Art and Research Directions, Second International Workshop on Semantic Media Adaptation and Personalization. . Shaiju Paul, Ashlin Anthony, Aswathy B, Android Based Home Automation Using Raspberry Pi, IJCAT – International Journal of Computing and Technology Volume 1, Issue 1, February 2014. . Pavithra D, Ranjith Balakrishnan, IoT based Monitoring and Control System for Home Automation, Proceedings of 2015 Global Conference on Communication Technolgies(GCCT 2015) . Download the Required Operarting System in http://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/.
Prof. Sunayana Jadhav, Jinal Shah, Pooja Shah, Afsheen Syed, Saloni Thakare "Entaalarm-Implementation" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.152-156 2017
This paper proposes collective animal behavior (CAB) algorithm for solving optimal power flow (OPF) problem of power system. The proposed approach is examined and tested on three power system models like IEEE 30-bus, IEEE 57-bus and IEEE 118-bus test systems with different objective functions that reflect either minimization of fuel cost, or that of transmission loss, or improvement of voltage profile. The simulation results of the proposed approach are compared to those reported in the recent literature. The results demonstrate the potential of the proposed approach and show its effectiveness and robustness to solve the OPF problem for the test systems considered.
- Page(s): 157-168
- Date of Publication: 25 July 2017
- P.K. PanyDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Ajay-Binay Institute of Technology, Cuttack, Odisha, India
- S.P. Ghoshal Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, West Bengal, India
- V. Mukherjee Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India
. Carpentier, J., “Contribution a l’Etude du Dispatching Economique,” Bulletin de la Societe Francaise des Electriciens, Vol. 3, pp. 431-474, 1962. . Dommel, H., Tinny, W., “Optimal power flow solution,” IEEE Trans. Power Appar. Syst., Vol. PAS-87, pp. 1866-1876, 1968. . El-Ela, A.A.A., Abido, M.A., “Optimal operation strategy for reactive power control modeling,” Simul. Control, Part A, Vol. 41, pp. 19-40, 1992. . Mota-Palomino, R., Quintana, V.H., “Sparse reactive power scheduling by a penalty-function linear programming technique,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., Vol. 1, pp. 31-39, 1996. . Burchett, R.C., Happ, H.H., Vierath, D.R., “Quadratically convergent optimal power flow,” IEEE Trans. Power Appar. Syst., Vol. PAS-103, pp. 3267-3276, 1984. . Sun, D.I., Ashley, B., Brewer, B., Hughes, A., Tinney, W.F., “Optimal power flow by Newton approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Appar. Syst., Vol. PAS-103, pp. 2864-2875, 1984. . Santos, A. Jr., da Costa, G.R.M., “Optimal power flow solution by Newton’s method applied to an augmented Lagrangian function,” IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib., Vol. 142, pp. 33-36, 1995. . Yan, X., Quintana, V.H., “Improving an interior point based OPF by dynamic adjustments of step sizes and tolerances,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., Vol. 14, pp. 709-717, 1999. . Deveraj, D., Yegnanarayana, B., “Genetic algorithm based optimal power flow for security enhancement,” IEE Proc Gener Transm Distrib. Vol. 152, pp. 899-905, 2005. . Lai, L.L., Ma J.T., Yokoyama, R., Zhao M., “Improved genetic algorithms for optimal power flow under normal and contingent operation states,” Int J Electr Power Energy Syst., Vol. 19, pp. 287-292, 1997. . Abido, M.A., “Optimal power flow using tabu search algorithm,” Electr. Power Compo. Syst., Vol. 30, pp. 469-483, 2002. . Abido, M.A., “Optimal power flow using particle swarm optimization,” Electr Power Energy Syst., Vol. 24, pp. 563-571, 2002. . Varadarajan, M, Swarup, K.S., “Solving multi-objective optimal power flow using differential evolution,” IET Gener Transm Distrib., Vol. 2, pp. 720-730, 2008. . Roa-Sepulveda, C.A., Pavez-Lazo, B.J., “A solution to the optimal power flow using simulated annealing,” Electr Power Energy Syst., Vol. 25, pp. 47-57, 2003. . Somasundaram, P., Kuppusamy, K., Kumudini, D.R.P., “Evolutionary programming based security constrained optimal power flow,” Electr Power Syst Res, Vol. 72, pp. 137-145, 2004. . Cuevas, E., Gonza´lez, M., “An optimization algorithm for multimodal functions inspired by collective animal behavior,” Soft Computing, Vol. 17, pp. 489-502, 2013. . Sumpter, D.J.T., “The principles of collective animal behaviour,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, Vol. 361, No. 1465, pp. 5-22, 2006. . Couzin, I.D., “Collective cognition in animal groups,” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 36-43, 2009. . 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P.K. Pany, S.P. Ghoshal and V. Mukherjee "Optimal Power Flow using Collective Animal Behavior Algorithm " International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.157-168 2017
Wireless communications and the utilization of the radio frequency spectrum have witnessed a tremendous boom during the past few decades. The current static frequency allocation schemes are unable to accommodate the requirements of an increasing number of higher data rate devices. Cognitive radio (CR) with effective primary user detection has become a candidate for more efficient spectrum utilization systems based on opportunistic spectrum sharing . Spectrum sensing is a challenging task for cognitive radio. Energy detection is one of the popular spectrum sensing technique for cognitive radio. In this paper, we analyze the performance of energy detection technique to detect primary user (PU). To evaluate the performance of the detection techniques, MATLAB software has been used for simulation. Simulations were carried out and graphs of probability of detection vs. the probability of false alarm were observed and analysed. The detection probability increases with respect to the increase in false alarm. Also significant reduction in probability of missed detection have been achieved with this sensing technique. The detection probability also varies with the SNR value. SNR has a great influence on the probability of detection. With an increase in SNR value, the probability of detection increases.
- Page(s): 174-184
- Date of Publication: 28 July 2017
- Swati SinghalIFTM University, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Swati Singhal "Energy Detection Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.174-184 2017
To increase the heat transfer rate of heat exchanger as well as internal combustion engine through fins in compact regionthe louvered interrupted plate fins has designed for increasing fins surface area and compare both fins models on the bases of temperature, velocity and heat transfer coefficient. FLUENT and Multi-physics software are used in order to develop a 3-D numerical model for investigation ofinterrupted louvered fins and rectangular fin. ILF and rectangular fins both analyzed by CFD tool, on the basis of geometrical parameters the compact relationship for Nusselt Number exhibits enhancement of thermal performance. Interrupted louvered Fin-plate weight reduces while surface area increases. Air is taken as the working fluid andThe flow regime is assumed to be turbulence, and the mean velocity is such that the Reynolds numbers of interest are above the critical Reynolds number. This study gives a performance data for a rectangular fin in simple and ILF in a plate-fin heat exchanger. In order to evaluate the performance, bulk temperature and combined span wise average Nusselt number (Nusa) are calculated.
- Page(s): 185-188
- Date of Publication: 28 July 2017
- Monu Singh ChauhanDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Dev Bhoomi Institute of Technology, Dehradun (UTU)
- Tapan KumarDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Dev Bhoomi Institute of Technology, Dehradun (UTU)
- M.M. BahugunaDepartment of Physics, Uttarakhand Technical University, Dehradun
. MukeshDidwania, Gopal Krishna and Ravikant 2013 Study and Analysis of Heat Transfer through Two Different Shape Fins using CFD Tool (IJIEASR) ISSN: 2319-4413 Volume 2, No. 4, April 2013 . Munishgupta 2010 numerical study of heat transfer enhancement in a plate-fin heat exchanger using rectangular winglet type vortex 2k06-nitk-phd-1098-M . Edwards, F. J., and Alker, C. J. R., 1974. The Improvement of Forced Convection Surface Heat Transfer Using Surface Protrusions in the Form of (a) Cubes and (b) Vortex Generators. In: Proc Fifth Int. Heat Transfer Conf. JSME Tokyo 2, 2244-2248 . Natural Convective Heat Transfer from Interrupted Rectangular Fins by Golnoosh Mostafavi University of Tehran, 2010 . Experimental and parametric studies of a louvered fin and flat tube compact heat exchanger using computational fluid dynamic P. Karthika, V. Kumaresanb, R. Velraj 2015 . 3D CFD Simulation of Thermal Hydraulic Performances on Louvered Fin Automotive Heat Exchangers S. Ben Saad, F. Ayad, and H. Damotte . Performance & Thermal Analysis of Heat Sink with Fins of Different Configuration Using CFDSantoshKansal, PiyushLaad . S. Ben Saad, F. Ayad, and H. Damotte 2013 3D CFD Simulation of Thermal Hydraulic Performances on Louvered Fin Automotive Heat Exchangers 1999.8/4773 . Pvijayasagar and k kiranchand 2015 thermal analysis of an automobile radiator with and without louvered fins NECICRTME-2K15 . Hiechan Kang, HyeonsikOh,MinkyooLee,Anthony M. J acobi,Jin H o KimAir-Side H eat T ransfer P erformance of Louver Fin and Multi-Tube Heat Exchanger for Fuel-Cell Cooling Application 2538
Monu Singh Chauhan, Tapan Kumar, M.M. Bahuguna "Study and Compare of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Interruped Louvered Fins and Rectangular Fins" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 7s, pp.185-188 2017