Sampling theory involves various sampling schemes like simple random sampling, stratified sampling, systematic sampling, pps sampling, etc. which mostly considered a population of finite size. Also the workers thought that a complete sampling frame for the population to be sampled is at hand. But this approach ignored two important aspects of sampling theory namely,(i) every finite population is a constituent part of some superpopulation , (ii) complete sampling frame is often not available for finite population under consideration. In the present paper, the author has taken into consideration both these aspects and the estimators for total of some variable (characteristics) and its variance have been delineated under various situations. It is shown that these estimators provide better estimates than those in vogue.
- Page(s): 01-04
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Dr. Bhawna AgarwalAssociate Professor, Amity College of Commerce and Finance, Amity University, Noida, India
- Dr. Sumer SinghVice-Chancellor, Sangam University, Bhilwara, Rajasthan, India
. Agarwal, B. & Gupta, P.C. (2008). Estimation from incomplete sampling frames in case of simple random sampling. Model Assisted Statistics and Applications, 3, 113-117. . Cochran, W.G. (1946). Relative accuracy of systematic and stratified random samples for a certain class of populations. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 17, 164-177. . Cochran, W.G. (1977). Sampling Techniques, Third Edition. Wiley, New York. . Cho M.J. & Eltinge, J.L. (2001). Diagnostics for evaluation of superpopulation models for variance estimation under systematic sampling. Proceedings of the Survey Research Methods Section, American Statistical Association. . Fahimi, M., Barlas, F.M., Thomas, R.K. & Buttermore, N. (2015). Scientific surveys based on incomplete sampling frames and high rates of nonresponse. Survey Practice, 8(5), 1-11. . Hartley, H.O. & Sielken, R.L. (1975). A super-population view point for finite population sampling. Biometics, 31, 411-422. . Korn, E.L. & Graubard, B.I. (1994). Variance estimation for superpopulation parameters: should one use with replacement estimators? Proceedings of the Survey Research Methods Section, American Statistical Association, 124-132. . Madow, W.G. & Madow, L.H. (1944). On theory of systematic sampling. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 15(1), 1-24. . Singh, R. (1977). A note on the use of incomplete multi-auxiliary information in sample surveys. Australian Journal of Statistics, 19(2), 105-107. . Zhengdong, Li (2011). Error analysis of sampling frame in sample survey. Studies in Sociology of Science, 2(1), 14-21.
Dr. Bhawna Agarwal, Dr. Sumer Singh "Estimation from Super-Population in case of Finite Population with Incomplete Sampling Frame" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-(IJRSI) vol.4 issue 6, pp.01-04 2017
Pressure vessels are used in diversity of industries like oil and gas, petroleum refining, fertilizers, chemical, power, etc. In this paper the rupture phenomenon taking place in the ductile failure has been deliberated with the Fracture Mechanics approach. In the Fracture Mechanics approach, there is an inherent conjecture that the component is having a crack or a imperfection in the body which will grow up under loading condition. The material chosen for this study is the low carbon steel (SA-516 Grade 70) broadly used for building pressure vessels. Compact Tension (C(T)) specimens of 10 mm thickness made of the carbon steel SA-516 Grade 70 are investigated for the fracture toughness. Stress Intensity factor (K), Energy release rate (G) and J-Integral are some of the parameters for the fracture study. The aim of the work is to study and forecast the fracture strengths of the chosen material as well as the welded joints of the material.
- Page(s): 05-12
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Vishal Mehta Mechanical Engineering Department, C. G. Patel Institute of Technology, Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, Surat, India
. Anderson, TL (1995). Fracture Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications. CRC Press New York, Vol 3, pp 25-173. . ASTM E8 (2011). "Standard test methods for tension testing of metallic materials", American Society for Testing and Materials. . ASTM E399 (2009). "Standard test method for linear-elastic plane-strain fracture toughness KIc of metallic materials", American Society for Testing and Materials. . ASTM E1820 (2011). "Standard test method for measurement of fracture toughness", American Society for Testing and Materials. . ASTM E1823 (2011). "Standard terminology relating to fatigue and fracture testing", American Society for Testing and Materials. . Chand, S, Garg, SBL (1985). "Crack propagation under constant amplitude loading", Engineering fracture mechanics, Vol 21, pp 1-30. . Chen, CR, Kolednik, O, Heerens, J, Fischer, FD (2005). "Three-dimensional modeling of ductile crack growth: Cohesive zone parameters and crack tip triaxiality", Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol 72, pp 2072-2094. . James, MA and Newman JC. Jr. (2003). "The effect of crack tunneling on crack growth: Experiments and CTOA analyses", Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol 70, pp 457-468. . Kumar, Prashant (2011). Elements of Fracture Mechanics. Tata McGraw Hill, Vol 3, pp 4-120. . Mahanty, DK and Maity, SK (1990). "Experimental and finite element studies on mode 1 and mixed mode (1 and 2) stable crack growth-1, experimental", Engineering fracture mechanics, Vol 31, pp 1237-1250. . Mahmoud, S and Lease K (2003). "The effect of specimen thickness on the experimental characterization of critical crack tip opening angle in 2024-T351 aluminum alloy" , Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol 70, pp 443-456 . Mehta, V (2016). "Evaluation of the fracture parameters for SA - 516 Grade 70 Material", IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Vol 13, Issue 3 Ver. III, pp 38-45. . Specification for SA-516 (1998). "Specification for pressure vessel plates, carbon steel, for moderate and lower temperature service", American Society of Mechanical Engineers - Section 2, pp 923-926. . Wang, JQ and Shuai, J (2012). "Measurement and analysis of crack tip opening angle in pipeline steels", Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol 79, pp 36-49. . Wang, TJ, Li, DJ, Ma, FS, Kuang, ZB (1995). "Influence of stress triaxiality on damage and crack tip opening displacement parameters for steel", Theoretical and applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol 22, pp 151-158.
Vishal Mehta "Experimental Study of the Fracture Parameters for the SMAW Joints of SA 516 - Grade 70 Material" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.05-12 2017
The focus of this paper is to increase the Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) by decreasing the node’s load. Today it is a major challenge because the nodes are equipped with low power battery. For increasing the Lifetime of Sensors nodes ,they should be energy efficient. Load balancing is one of the solution which minimizes the maintenance cost and maximizes the overall performance of the whole system. WSNs are mostly deployed in a remote working environment. Sensor nodes are small in size, cost efficient, low power devices and have limited battery power supply. Because of limited power source, energy consumption has been considered as the most critical factor when designing Sensor Network. The network Lifetime mainly depends on the battery lifetime of the network. Clustering can be used for load balancing, which is used to extend the lifetime of Sensor Network by reducing energy consumption. Load balancing using clustering can also increase the Network Scalability. In this paper, the basic importance of network design model is to maximize the Network lifetime and to minimize the Total Power Consumption (TPC) and Average Power Consumption (APC) of the Network System. In this paper, we have done the fair coalition routing method to send the data from one node to another node by following a pattern resembling Scale-3 Swastika. Which is an advance version of Swastika Model. We have extended the swastika model to real environment deployment scheme. We have deployed the sensor nodes in such a way that, the nodes are following a swastika structure Further we have applied the clustering approach to transfer the data among different nodes. Also, the selection of cluster head is dynamic in nature. If one node fails or dead it immediately changes the cluster head and transfer data. We have done some random transmission in our experiment and the results indicate that it performs better than random deployment of nodes.
- Page(s): 13-18
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Samikshya Patel Dept. of Computer Science, SUIIT, Sambalpur University, Sambalpur, India
- Sushree S. Pradhan Dept. of Computer Science, SUIIT, Sambalpur University, Sambalpur, India
- Dr. Krishna Chandra Patra Department of Electronics, Sambalpur University, Sambalpur, India
. Fabian Castano, Eric Bourreau, Nubia Velasco, André Rossi and Marc Sevaux, “ Exact approaches for lifetime maximization in connectivity constrained wireless multi-role sensor networks”, Elsevier, European Journal of Operational Research 241 (2015) 28–38. . Sudhanshu Tyagi, Sudeep Tanwar, Neeraj Kumar and Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues,”Cognitive radio-based clustering for opportunistic shared spectrum access to enhance lifetime of wireless sensor network.”, Elsevier, Pervasive and mobile computing 22(2015)90-12. . Francesco Carrabs, Raffaele Cerulli, Ciriaco D’Ambrosio, Monica Gentili and Andrea Raiconi, “Maximizing lifetime in wireless sensor networks with multiple sensor families”, Elsevier, Computers & Operations Research 60 (2015) 121-137. . K. Das and M. Panda, “A Novel Approach to Maximize Network Life Time by Reducing the Variance of Power Consumption among Nodes in Wireless Sensor Network.”International Journal of Advance Computation and Networking, Oct. 2013 . Sudhanshu Tyagi, Sudeep Tanwar, Neeraj Kumar and Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues,”Cognitive radio-based clustering for opportunistic shared spectrum access to enhance lifetime of wireless sensor network.”, Elsevier, Pervasive and mobile computing 22(2015)90-12. . R.K Guha, S.Sarkar and A Gunter, “Fair Coalitions for power Aware Routing in Wireless Network,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2007. . Behnam Behdani,Young Sang Yun, J. Cole Smith and Ye Xia, “Decomposition algorithms for maximizing the lifetime of wireless sensor networks with mobile sinks”, Elsevier, Computers & Operations Research 39 (2012) 1054–1061. . Shu Li and Jeong Geun Kim, “Maximizing the lifetime of wireless sensor networks with random forwarding”, Elsevier, Int. J. Electron. Commun. (AEÜ) 69 (2015) 455–457. . Keqin Li, “Optimal number of annuli for maximizing the lifetime of sensor networks”, Elsevier, J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 74 (2014) 1719–1729. . Huseyin Ugur Yildiz, Kemal Bicakci, Bulent Tavli, Hakan Gultekin and Davut Incebacak, “Maximizing Wireless Sensor Network lifetime by communication/computation energy optimization of non repudiation security service: Node-level versus network level strategies”, Elsevier, Ad Hoc Networks 37 (2016) 301–323. . Rahim Kacimia,Riadh Dhaoub and André-Luc Beylotb, “Load balancing techniques for lifetime maximizing in wireless sensor networks”, Elsevier B.V, Ad Hoc Networks, Volume 11, Issue 8, November 2013, Pages 2172–2186. . Manas Ranjan Mallick, Sushree S. Pradhan, Jagamohan Padhi, Seema Panigrahi, “A Novel Approach To Maximize Network Life Time By Reducing Power Consumption Level Using Cgnt Model”, IEEE International Conference , ICCPCT, in press . K.Das, D. K. Mallik, S. Sahoo and J. Padhi, “Increased Network Life Time Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network,” IJIRAE: 2349-2163. A Novel Approach to Maximize Network Lifetime using LCNs 8169 . DipakWajgi and Dr. Nileshsingh V. Thakur, “Load balancing algorithms in wireless sensor network: a survey”, IRACST – International Journal of Computer Network and Wireless Communication (IJCNWC), ISSN: 2250-3501 Vol. 2 No. 4, August 2012. . Gaurav Gupta and Mohamed Younis, “Load- balance clustering of wireless sensor networks”, IEEE, 2003. . Mina Mahdavi, mahamod Ismail and KasmiranJumari, “Load balancing in energy efficient connected coverage wireless sensor network”, International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics 5-7 August 2009, Selangor, Malaysia. . Christopher M. Cianci, Vlad Trifa and AlcherioMartinoli, “Threshold-based algorithms for power- aware load balancing in sensor networks.”, IEEE 2005. . “Swastika Flag Specifications and Construction Sheet (Germany)”.Flags of World . Jagamohan Padhi, Rakesh Roshan Biswal, Kalyan Das, Popin Kumar Bishwal, “Fair Coalition Routing to Maximize Network life Time using SWASTIKA Model”
Samikshya Patel, Sushree S. Pradhan, Dr. Krishna Chandra Patra "Advance Scale-3 Swastika Model to Improve Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Network" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.13-18 2017
With increase in population, the scenario of cleanliness with respect to waste management is degrading tremendously. The overflow of garbage in river side creates unhygienic condition in the nearby surroundings.The floating bodies on the river water will cause a severe problem to the environment and is a big risk to the future. These floating wastes will not be dissolved easily in water. So these unwanted suspended objects will cut off the oxygen,hence creates oxygen deficiency which directly affects the marine life. Also these wastes are a threat to aquatic animals.Our project aims at detecting floating wastes in water using infrared sensor and cleaning in an efficient way.The information of every action taken will be sent to the corresponding authority through GSM.The project can be implemented for both flowing and stagnant water. The major advantage of the project is that the people of control station need not have to go to every nook and corner to clean wastes, instead can monitor from one end easily. Finally, the water bodies will be free of all floating wastes and the sanity of the river, and its dependent living beings will be safeguarded.
- Page(s): 19-22
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Aishwarya N ADepartment of ECE, Vidya Vikas Institute of Engineering & Technology, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
- Arpitha MDepartment of ECE, Vidya Vikas Institute of Engineering & Technology, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
- Chaithra KDepartment of ECE, Vidya Vikas Institute of Engineering & Technology, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
- Chira ShankarDepartment of ECE, Vidya Vikas Institute of Engineering & Technology, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
- Navyashree DAssistant Professor, Department of ECE, Vidya Vikas Institute of Engineering & Technology, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
. “Sensor unit for waste management: A better method for frequent data updating system”. Publisher-IEEE Authors- Waikhom Reshmi, Ram Kumar Sundaram and M. Rajeev Kumar Year of publishing- November 2014. . A Smart Waste Management With Self Describing objects Authors-Yann Glouche, Paul Coudere. . Apparatus and system for treating waste water and sludge Author-John Hondulas . The ocean plastic pollution challenge:towards solutions in the UK Authors-Dr.Erik Van Sebille,Dr.Charikleia Spathi and Alyssa Gilbert . An approach for monitoring and smart planning of Urban Solid Waste Management using Smat-M3 platform. Authors-Vincenzo Catania,Daniela Ventura . Chen PeijiangXuehua, ”Design and Implementation of Remote Monitoring System Based on GSM”,2008 IEEE Pacific-Asia Worskshop on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Application
Aishwarya N A, Arpitha M, Chaithra K, Chira Shankar, Navyashree D "Detection and Removal of Floating Wastes on Water Bodies” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.19-22 2017
Moving object detection and tracking is one of the testing issues in the field of computer vision. In general, the video tracking system combines three levels of data processing to determine: object extraction, recognition, tracking, and decision-making about activities. However there are numerous problems associated with object detection & tracking, such as illumination changes, fake motion, image noise etc. Even video object segmentation is also an important part of real time surveillance system. To overcome such problems, a Kalman filter with TVRRPCA algorithm is proposed in this paper. In this work there are two different qualities of video clips are captured from fixed camera are studied. The results shows that identifying and tracking of moving objects are better in high quality input video data. The background frames constructed by TV-RPCA approach is more apparent and clear compared to the conventional Kalman-filter approach. .
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Padma Sree T SDepartment of ECE, Ballari Institute of Technology and Management, Ballari, India
- Hemanthakumar R KappaliDepartment of ECE, Ballari Institute of Technology and Management, Ballari, India
- Hanoca PDepartment of ME, Rajeev Institute of Technology, Hassan, India
 N Xu, and N Ahuja, “Object contour tracking using graph cuts based active contours”, International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 277-280 vol.3, 2002.  Q. Chen, Q. S.Sun, P. A. Heng, De S. Xia, ‘Two Stage Object Tracking Method Based on Kernel and Active Contour”, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, , pp. 605-609, 2010.  Chen Xue, Ming Zhu and Ai-hua Chen, “A Discriminative Feature Based Mean-shift Algorithm for Object Tracking”, Knowledge Acquisition and Modeling Workshop, 2008. KAM Workshop 2008. IEEE International Symposium ,pp. 217 – 220, 2008.  Rahman, M.S., Saha, A., Khanum, S., “Multi object Tracking in Video Sequences Based on Background Subtraction and SIFT Feature Matching”, Computer Sciences and Convergence Information Technology, 2009. ICCIT'09 Fourth International Conference, pp. 457 – 462,2009  Chi-min Oh, Chi-Woo Lee, Guee-Sang Lee, “Multi Part SIFT feature based particle filter for rotating object tracking”, Informatics, Electronics & Vision (ICIEV), 2012 International Conference, pp. 1016 – 1020, 2012.  Fan-Tung Wei, Sheng-Ting Chou, Chia-Wen Lin, “A region-based object tracking scheme using Adaboost based feature selection”, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 2753 – 2756, 2008.  N. Nusrath and J. Kanade, “Moving Object Tracking In Video Sequence.”  A. Ghatol and S. Sharma, “Video Image Enhancement and Object Tracking.”  B. Deori and D. M. Thounaojam, “A survey on moving object tracking in video,” Int. J. Inf. Theory IJIT, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 31–46, 2014.  A. K. Chauhan and P. Krishan, “Moving object tracking using gaussian mixture model and optical flow,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Comput. Sci. Softw. Eng., vol. 3, no. 4, 2013.  S. A. Virparia, A. M. Virparia, and S. Jain, “Detection of Moving Object using Continuous Background Estimation Based on Probability of Pixel Intensity Occurrences”.
Padma Sree T S, Hemanthakumar R Kappali and Hanoca P "Multiple Detection and Dynamic Object Tracking Using Upgraded Kalman Filter" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.23-27 2017
The presence of structural irregularities in buildings is one of the main cause for its failure during an earthquake. Structures with irregularities suffer major damages when subjected to ground motions. The introduction of lateral load resisting systems such as shear walls and bracings are nowadays considered as strengthening methods for the structures having deficiencies or which do not perform well under the seismic actions. Shear walls are now widely used in tall structures to make it stiff against the lateral loads. In the present study, dynamic analysis of regular and plan irregular structures with shear walls at the corners is performed using ETABS v9.7.4. The dynamic behaviour of these structures is studied in seismic zone V using the time history method (Bhuj). Storey displacements, storey drifts, time period and base shear of the regular and irregular models are compared.
- Page(s): 28-32
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Malavika Manilal M.Tech. student, Structural Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Karnataka, India
- Rajeeva S.V Professor, Structural Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Karnataka, India
. IS 1893 (Part 1) (2002), “Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures”, Part 1 General provisions and building, Fifth revision, Bureau of Indian standards. . Arvind R Patel, Dr K.B.Parikh, “Effect on Location of Shear Wall with Opening In RC Irregular Structure Subjected To Seismic Load & Blast Load”, IJIRT, Vol.2, Issue: 1, June-2015 . Harikapriya N, Rambabu CH, “Study On Shear Walls with and Without Opening”,IJSRSET, Vol.2, Issue 2, March-2016. . Shivanand C Ghule, Sudeep H.C, Rahul Ravindra Naik et.al, “Study of an Irregular Plan with Different Orientation of Shear Wall in a High Rise Structure”,IJST, Vol 3, Issue 5, May-2015. . Anushri C, Dr B Shivakumaraswamy, “Study on performance of regular and l shape plan irregular building with dampers, shear wall and infill wall”, IJERT, Vol.3, Issue: 10, Oct-2016.
Malavika Manilal, Rajeeva S.V "Comparative Study on the Sesimic Response of RC Regular and Irregular Structures with Shear Walls" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.28-32 2017
For foundation design, an appropriate knowledge of load – deformation behavior of soil beneath the footing is important. Therefore, the estimation of bearing capacity and settlement of the soil below the foundation assumes importance. In the present work, an attempt has been made to analyze load – settlement behavior of strip footing resting on soil mediums ranging from homogeneous c-soils to φ-soils and acted upon by axial, inclined and eccentric loads using PLAXIS 2D, a FEM based geotechnical software. The failure loads are recorded in each of the cases and are compared with those obtained from the various bearing capacity theories.
- Page(s): 33-38
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Dr. V. G. MutalikDesaiProfessor, K.L.S. Gogte Institute of Technology affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi -590008, India.
- Akshay V. Mutalik DesaiStudent, K.L.S. Gogte Institute of Technology affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi -590008, India.
. Sven Krabbenhoft, Lars Damkilde and Kristian Krabbenhoft (2014), “Bearing Capacity of Strip Footings in Cohesionless Soil Subject to Eccentric and Inclined Loads”, InternationalJournal of Geomechanics,ASCE, ISSN 1532-3641/04014003(18). . Swami Saran and R. K. Agarwal (1991), “Bearing Capacity Of Eccentrically Obliquely Loaded Footing”, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 117, No. 11, November, 1991, ASCE, ISSN 0733-9410/91/0011-1669. . George G. Meyerhof and Tatsuya Koumoto (1987), “Inclination Factors For Bearing Capacity Of Shallow Footings”, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering,Vol. 113, No. 9, September, 1987, ASCE, ISSN 0733-9410/87/0009-1013. . Mahmoud Ghazavi and Amir Hossein Eghbali (2013), “New Geometric Average Method forCalculation ofUltimate Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundationson Stratified Sands”,International Journal ofGeomechanics, Vol. 13, No. 2, April 1, 2013, ASCE, ISSN 1532-3641/2013/2-101–108. . ElifCicek, ErolGuler and TemelYetimoglu (2014), “Comparison of Measured and Theoretical PressureDistribution below Strip Footings on Sand Soil”, International Journal ofGeomechanics, ASCE, ISSN 1532-3641/06014009(8).
Dr. V. G. MutalikDesai, Akshay V. Mutalik Desai "Analysis of Strip Footing using PLAXIS 2D" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.33-38 2017
Phishing is an attempt by an individual or a group to harvest personal confidential information such as user names, passwords, credit card information, etc., from unsuspecting victims for identity theft, financial gain and other fraudulent activities. The solution provided here considers the general end user, who is unknown of all these technical backgrounds. The approach to detect the possible phishing attacks and warn user about them is a small attempt in this direction. Thus we assure that this solution will help the normal end user as well as the corporate people from losing their private credentials and to send the highly confidential data. The paper aims to detect a phishing email and record the phishing page’s URL. The administrator can view the phishing information and thereby launch an attack on the phisher. The administrator thereby adds the link in the database so that the user is saved against further attacks. The technique proposed also tries to remove the phishing page from the fake site. It will also make the server down by sending more information then the server can handle.
- Page(s): 39-44
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Purnima Ahirao Information Technology, K J Somaiya College of Engineering, Vidyavihar, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
. Huajun Huang, Shaohong Zhong, Junshan Tan, “Browser-side Countermeasures for Deceptive Phishing Attack”, 2009 Fifth international Conference on Information Assurance and Security, Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): 352-355. . Phishing detection and prevention-A practical counter fraud solution by Tod Beardsley Available online: . http://www.planb-security.net/wp/503167- 01_PhishingDetectionandPrevention.pdf . Weider D. Yu ,Shruti Nargundkar, Nagapriya Tiruthani : PhishCatch – A Phishing Detection Tool, 2009 33rd Annual IEEE International Computer Software and Applications Conference,Publication Year:2009, Page(s): 451-456. . http://getprotected.asu.edu/files/PhishingAdvisory.pdf . Ripan Shah, Jarrod Trevathan, Wayne Read and Hossein Ghodosi, “A Proactive Approach to Preventing Phishing Attacks Using a Pshark”, 2009 Sixth International Conference on Information Technology:New Generation, Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): 915 - 921 . The Anti-phishing working group, available online: http://www.antiphishing.org/ . Phishing Activity Trends Report, 2009, Available online: http://www.antiphishing.org/reports/apwg_report_ 2009.pdf . Behrouz A.Forouzan, “TCP/IP Protocol Suite ”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 2006. . M. Chandrashekaran, K. Narayana, S. Upadhyaya, “Phishing Email Detection Based on Structural Properties”, Symposium on Information Assurance: Intrusion Detection and Prevention, New York, 2006 . P. Ducklin, “Can Strong authentication sort out phishing and fraud”, Virus Bulletin Conference, , Australia, Oct 2006 . The Phishing Guide Understanding and Preventing Phishing Attacks, By Guntar , Director of Security Strategy, IBM Internet Security Systems.
Purnima Ahirao "Improved Technique for Detecting Phishing Attack and Counter Attack" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.39-44 2017
For the most part, when we are looking for a portable renewable energy source, small solar chargers are the best way to go, as they're getting more efficient (and cheaper) all the time, but we have also small hydro power devices and the occasional small wind turbine generators, each of which has its own appropriate place and time for use. While other portable renewable energy generator technologies aren't nearly as mature or as easily available as solar currently is, that could change in the coming years. Wind turbines are a tried and true cost-effective renewable energy source when they're big, but the small wind turbines especially those said to be for urban areas, aren't nearly as effective as their marketing materials seem to show. One exception to that the rule might be in remote and off-grid locations, where smaller turbines can power electronic gadgets, and even locations where long hours of sunlight aren't but constant winds are available. Portable vertical axis wind turbine promises to be a lightweight option for providing off-grid electricity in places with abundant winds and problematic access to direct sunlight. The device is designed to pack down into about the size of an umbrella for transport and storage, and then to quickly unfold into a three-bladed Savonius-style turbine. The mast is then staked to the ground, where it can catch wind from all the possible directions. The turbine is said to be "suitable for gusty and unsteady winds," and it could potentially be put to use in conditions which might unsuitable for solar, such as overcast days and at night.
- Page(s): 45-48
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Santosh A NidasheshiDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya college of Engineering Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Mohammedsameer H YadahalliDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya college of Engineering Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Prabhulingayya G HiremathDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya college of Engineering Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Seema KauserDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya college of Engineering Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Kandagal S. SDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya college of Engineering Gadag, Karnataka, India
 Mechanical and Electrical mobile charger,N Raghu Ram Reddy al. Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 3, Issue 6, Nov-Dec 2013, pp.1705-1708  www.treehugger.com  Nikhil Kumar Jain, V Aravind, Eranki V S Krishna Prasad, Y Kalyan Chakravarthy, Virtual Prototype of Mechanical Hand Crank Mobile Charger, IJITEE, ISSN: 2278-3075, Volume-2, Issue-2  S. John Aruldoss, M. S. P. Subathra, Renewable Energy Hybrid Powered House For Rural Electrification, IJERT, Vol. 2 Issue 3, ISSN: 2278-0181  Sustainable Energy Technologies, http://www.sustainableenergy.com/SET-wind-turbine/SET-wind-turbine.html.11- UNDP, “World Energy Assessment,” New York, U.S.A, 2000.  D.P Kothari, I.J Nagrath, ”Electric Machines ”  Ashvini Sherwade , Ashwini Pawar , Bhagyashree Ghadge , Deepika Srivastava, “Automatic Railway Gate Control & Power Generation” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 5, Issue 2, Februray 2016 pp. 1937-1944 DOI:10.15680/IJIRSET.2016.0502139
Santosh A Nidasheshi, Mohammedsameer H Yadahalli, Prabhulingayya G Hiremath, Seema Kauser, Kandagal S. S "Power Generation by Portable Micro Wind Turbine" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.45-48 2017
The field of medicine tends to be a stickler for perfection while handling important records and data for maintaining an efficient patient report and also for her/his further diagnosis. Manual recording of data can be tedious and prone to errors. Thus arises a need for systematic and meticulous retrieval of data. The paper proposes a concept of having an android application which processes the image captured to make it suitable for a convolutional neural network to recognize. The above is achieved using OpenCV, tensorflow and the Inception v3 model. The last layer of the inception model is retrained using a manually curated dataset of images of digits from a seven segment display of medical devices.
- Page(s): 49-52
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Prakruthi M K Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SJBIT, Bangalore, India.
- Vismaya Kalyan V Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SJBIT, Bangalore, India.
- Suhas S Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SJBIT, Bangalore, India.
- Manoj G Katti Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SJBIT, Bangalore, India.
- Satwik Pai N Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SJBIT, Bangalore, India.
. Muralindran Mariappan, Vigneshwaran Ramu, Thayabaren Ganesan, Brendan Khoo, and Kumarheshan Vellian, (2011). “Virtual Medical Instrument for OTOROB Based on LabVIEW for Acquiring Multiple Medical Instrument LCD Reading Using Optical Character Recognition” in Biomedical 2011 International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology, IPCBEE vol.11. . Kuo-Yi Chen, Fuh-Gwo Chen, Ting-Wei Hou(2012). “A Low-cost Reader for Automatically Collecting Vital Signs in Hospitals” in J Med Syst (2012) 36:2599–2607. . Chang Liu(2016). “Digits Recognition on Medical Device”. Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. . Sownyadip Ghosh and Suprosanna Shit (2014) “A Low cost Data Acquisition System From Digital Display Instruments Employing Image Processing Technique,” IEEE. . Pranit Poland Ashwini M. Deshpande (2016), “Telemedicine Mobile System”. Conference on Advances in Signal Processing (CASP). . HuiyingShen and James Coughlan (2006).“Reading LCD/LED Displays with a Camera Cell Phone” from Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop (CVPRW’06).
Prakruthi M K, Vismaya Kalyan V, Suhas S, Manoj G Katti, Satwik Pai N “Application of Convolutional Neural Networks in Mobile Devices for Inferring Readings from Medical Apparatus” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.49-52 2017
Now a day’s most educational institutions are concerned about student irregular attendance. The conventional method of taking attendance by calling names or signing on paper is very time consuming. The problems associated with this method vary from unnecessary time wastage to improper documentation, students forgetting to write down their names on the attendance list or students writing on behalf of other students that are absent from the class. To eradicate the deficiencies associated with the manual attendance system, so RFID based attendance system with face recognition is one of the solutions.
- Page(s): 53-55
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Shilpa P BadavadagiUG Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya College of Engineering, Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Sunitha MUG Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya College of Engineering, Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Shruti I BetageriUG Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya College of Engineering, Gadag, Karnataka, India
- Sujatha SUG Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya College of Engineering, Gadag, Karnataka, India
- ShKandagal S. SAssistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Tontadarya College of Engineering, Gadag, Karnataka, India
 T.S. Lim, S.C. Sim and M.M. Mansor ” RFID based attendance system”  Sumita Nainan,Romin Parekh, Tanvi Shah “RFID technology based attendance management system”  Chuan-Yu Chang, Senior member, IEEE, and Jyun-Jie Liao National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, 2015 International conference on consumer electronics- Taiwan (icce-tw).  B.-L. Zhang and Y. Guo, "Face recognition by wavelet domain associativememory," in Proc. Int. Symp. Intell.Multimedia, Video, Speech Processing, 2001,pp. 481–485.  Meng Joo Er, Member, IEEE, Shiqian Wu, Member, IEEE, Juwei Lu, Student Member, IEEE, and Hock Lye Toh, Member, IEEE transactions on neural networks, vol. 13, n 3, may 2002  www.circitstoday.com  A.A. Olanipekun and O.K. Boyinbode “A RFID Based Automatic Attendance System in Educational Institutions of Nigeria” International Journal of Smart Home Vol. 9, No. 12, (2015), pp. 65-74 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijsh.2015.9.12.07”.
Shilpa P Badavadagi, Sunitha M, Shruti I Betageri, Sujatha S, Kandagal S. S "Effective Automatic Attendance System using Face Recognition with RFID Technology" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.53-55 2017
Automated Teller Machine (ATM) Surveillance System is used to provide protection against the frauds. Frauds related to the ATMs are increasing day by day which is a serious issue.ATM is a Smart System based on the embedded technology that provide multiple points of protection against physical, electronic theft and protecting their installations. This Paper proposes a system which aims to design real time monitoring and controlling system. The system is implemented using various sensors, GSM and GPS technologies. The sensors are continuously monitoring for any illegal activities happening in its ATMs surroundings. Also discussed about the implementation of the proposed system, the sensors and the other supporting hardware that are being used to improve this system.
- Page(s): 56-59
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Guruprasad.S.S8th Sem, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore – 60, Karnataka, India
- I.Nagarathna8th Sem, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore – 60, Karnataka, India
- Nandini.B8th Sem, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore – 60, Karnataka, India
- Roja.K.S8th Sem, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore – 60, Karnataka, India
- Dr. Vijayakumar.TProfessor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore – 60, Karnataka, India
. M. Raj and Anita Julian, “Design and Implementation of Anti-theft ATM Machine using Embedded Systems,” International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies [ICCPCT], pp. 1 – 5, 2015 . Xihao Zhang, Lin Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jie Yang, “A Novel Efficient Method for Abnormal Face Detection in ATM,” ICALIP, pp. 5 - 700, 2014 . I-Pin Chen, Li-Kui Liu, Wei-Wei Hong, “Image Processing Based Burglar proof System Using Silhouette Image,” ICMT, pp. 6394– 6397, 2011 . Hiroshi Sako, Takashi Watanabe, HirotoNagayoshi, and TatsuhikoKagehiro, “Self-Defense-Technologies for Automated Teller Machines,” International Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference IMVIP, pp. 177 – 184, 2007. . Che-Yen Wen, Shih-Hsuan Chiu, Jiun-Jian Liaw, ChuawPin Lu, “The safety helmet detection for ATM’s surveillance system via the modified Hough transform,” International Carnahan Conference Security Technology, Proceedings IEEE 37th Annual 2003, pp. 364 – 369, 2003 . F. Puente, J.D. Sandoval, P. Hernandez, C.J. Molina, “Improving Online Banking Security with Hardware Devices,” 39th Annual International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology, CCST, pp. 174 – 177, 2005 . Yiping Tang, Zuling He, Yaoyu Chen, Jinyi Wu, “ATM Intelligent Surveillance based on Omni-directional Vision,” WRI World Congress on Computer Science and Information Engineering, pp. 660 – 664, 2009 . R. AshokaRajan, R.Angelinjosphia, Ms.PVS.Gayathri, T.Rajendran, P. Anandhakumar, “A Novel Approach for Secure AT Transactions Using Fingerprint Watermarking,” Fifth International Conference on Advanced Computing (ICoAC), pp. 547 – 552, 2013 . H. Lasisi and A.A. Ajisafe, “Development of Stripe Biometric Based Fingerprint Authentications Systems in Automated Teller Machines,” 2nd International Conference on Advances in Computational Tools for Engineering Applications (ACTEA), pp. 172 - 175 2012 . Ning Ding, Yongquan Chen, Zhi Zhong and Yang shengXu, “Energy-Based Surveillance Systems for ATM Machines,” 8th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (WCICA), pp. 2880 – 2887, 2010 . Best Practice for ATM Security, GRG Banking Equipment (HK) Co., Ltd, . Jebaline, G.R, Gomathi, S, “A novel method to enhance thesecurity of ATM using biometrics”, 2015 International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies (ICCPCT), pp. 1-4, 2015 . Shinde, A.S, Bendre, V, “An Embedded Fingerprint Authentication System”, 2015 International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation (ICCUBEA), pp. 205-208, 2015 . Sugandhi, N.; Mathankumar, M.; Priya, V, “Real time authentication system using advanced finger vein recognition technique”, 2014 International Conference on Communications and Signal Processing (ICCSP), pp. 1183-1187, 2014 . ATmega328 datasheet, www.atmel.com . FSR – Force Sensitive Resistor datasheet,www.interlinkelectronics.com/FSR402.php . PIR – Passive Infrared Sensor, www.parallax.com . ADXL335 3-axis accelerometer datasheet, www.analog.com . SIM900 GSM/GPRS module datasheet, www.simcom.us
Guruprasad.S.S, I.Nagarathna, Nandini.B, Roja.K.S, Dr. Vijayakumar.T "Smart ATM Supervision System Using GSM" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.56-59 2017
This paper deals with the breakdown strength of the insulation between the different electrode configurations in a closed chamber. The insulation between the electrodes is air and its breakdown voltage is 21.2 KV/cm in a uniform field or flux distribution. As we have tried with different electrodes like, pointed electrode, plane electrode, sphere electrode, rod electrode and Rogouski electrodes of different dimensions with respect to the common plate electrode as the bottom electrode in the arrangement. As the field distribution with the above electrodes is different the breakdown voltages are also of different values for each set of electrodes. It is observed that lower breakdown voltages for the electrodes where the field lines are concentrated and higher breakdown voltages for the electrodes with uniform field distribution. The breakdown voltage depends on so many factors like microscopic projections on the electrode surfaces, presence of small metallic particles on the electrode surface, atmospheric pressure and temperature, and the shape of the electrodes. In this paper all the other conditions are assumed to be of lower effect and shape of the electrodes has been considered as the top priority. The variation of BD voltage with respect to the gap length has been shown in a graph.
- Page(s): 60-63
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- K.L.RatnakarProfessor in Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Sri Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.
- Dr. B. Rajesh KamathDean (Academic), Professor and HOD of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Sri Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Tumkur, Karnataka, India
. A Text book on High voltage Engineering by C.L.Wadhava. . A Text book on High Voltage Engineering by E. Kuffel and J. Kuffel . Choulkov V.V., “Effect of Electrode surface roughness on electrical breakdown in HV apparatus”, Dielectrics and Electric Insulation, IEEE Transactions, Volume 12, Issue 1, 2005, p98-103. . Byung-Taek Lee, Chang-Su Huh and Yong-Moo Chang, “AC Breakdown Voltage Characteristics Simulation of SF6/N2 in Non Uniform field and Extra High Voltage”, the 4th International Power Engineering and Optimization conference, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, 23-24th June, 2010. . Subratha Karmakar, “An Experimental Study of Air Breakdown Voltage and its Effects on Solid Insulation”, Journal of Electrical Systems, 8-2 (2012), p 209-217. . J. H. Colete and J. V. Merwe “The breakdown electric field between two conducting spheres by the method of images” IEEE Transactions on Education, Vol. 41, No. 2, May 1998. . I. Kitani, K. Edahiro, and K. Arii, “Spark breakdown in air / pp-film composite with point-sphere electrode system,” IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation, Vol. 25, pp. 393–398, 1990.
K.L.Ratnakar, Dr. B. Rajesh Kamath "Influence of Electrode Configuration on AC Breakdown Voltages" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.60-63 2017
This paper is describes the using of dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) in the terms of mitigate voltage sagging and swelling with low voltage distribution systems. A dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) is based on the dqo algorithm. This scheme is very effectual to notice any trouble in low voltage distribution systems. Simulation results using Matlab/Simulink are existing to make sure the usefulness of the proposed scheme.
- Page(s): 64-69
- Date of Publication: June 2017
- Namrata GuptaDepartment of Electrical Engineering, RGPV University/Jawaharlal Nehru College of technology, Rewa, India
- Manish AwasthiDepartment of Electrical Engineering, RGPV University/Jawaharlal Nehru College of technology, Rewa, India
. C. Benachaiba, S. Dib O. Abdelkhalek, B. Ferdi. Voltage quality improvement using DVR. . IEEE Std. 1159-1995. Recommended Practice for Monitoring Electric Power Quality. . J.G. Nielsen, M. Newman, H. Nielsen and F. Blaabjerg. 2004. Control and testing of a dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) at medium voltage level. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 19(3): 806 May . T. Devaraju, V.C. Veera Reddy, M. Vijaya Kumar performance of DVR under different voltage sag and swell condition . B.H. Li, S.S. Choi, D.M. Vilathgamuwa, “Design Considerations on the Line-Side Filter Used in the Dynamic Voltage Restorer”, IEE Proc. Gener. Transmission Distrib., Issue 1, Vol. 148, pp. 1-7, Jan. 2001. . M. N. Tandjaoui, C. Benachaiba, O. Abdelkhalek Mitigation of voltage sags/swells unbalanced in low voltage distribution systems . A. Imam, T. Habetler, R. Harley and D. Divan, “Condition monitoring of electrolytic capacitor in power electronic circuits using adaptive ﬁlter modeling,” IEEE 36th Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2005, pp. 601-607. . B. Wang and G. Venkataramanan, “Dynamic Voltage Restorer utilizing a matrix converter and flywheel energy storage,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Jan-Feb 2009, vol. 45, pp. 222-231.
Namrata Gupta, Manish Awasthi "Design of DVR against Voltage Sags & Swell Using Matrix Converter" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.64-69 2017
Light is the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes thing visible. In this review, the wave and particle properties of the light has been discussed. The propagation of intense light beam in a nonlinear kerr medium its effects on the medium have been discussed in detail.
- Page(s): 70-74
- Date of Publication: 15 June 2017
- Devendra Kumar SinghDepartment of Physics, Udai Pratap College, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Devendra Kumar Singh "Propagation of Light: A Review" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.70-74 2017
Industrialization is an effective means to lead the economic and social progress in developed as well as developing countries around the world. Throughout the world MSMEs have been considered as a backbone for industrial development by contributing about 90 per cent of the world business. For all developing countries like India where poverty, unemployment and underemployment are the major problem of millions of people, the Micro, Small & Medium enterprises (MSMEs) has often been act as a growth engine by providing immediate large-scale employment, with lower investments. Apart from generating employment in large scale, this sector is able to occupy a prominent position Indian economy due to its contribution in reducing regional disparities, bringing economic growth in equitable manner, enhancing export capability of the Indian economy, and encouraging rural entrepreneurship. The main objective of the present this paper is having the objective to focus on the growth and contribution of MSME in Indian economy as well as to highlight the various policy measures adopted by the government of India for up gradation of MSMEs sector. This paper is quite descriptive in nature and data used for the present study have been collected mainly from secondary sources especially from the annual report published by Ministry of Micro, Small And Medium Enterprises for various years. The findings of this paper can give the scope to the entrepreneurs and the policy-makers must initiate and act collectively to facilitate growth in this sector.
- Page(s): 75-82
- Date of Publication: 21 June 2017
- Dr. Sarita SatpathyProfessor, Nalanda Institute of PG Studies, NGI, Sattenapalli, Andhra Pradesh, India
- P. SailajaRaniAssistant Professor, Nalanda Institute of PG Studies, NGI, Sattenapalli, Andhra Pradesh, India
- M.L.NagajyothiAssistant Professor, Nalanda Institute of PG Studies, NGI, Sattenapalli, Andhra Pradesh, India
. Annual Report (2010-11), Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India, 2010-11 . Bargal, H., Dashmishra, M., and Sharma, A. (2009), ‘Performance Analysis of Small Scale Industries - A Study of Pre-liberalization and Post-liberalization period’, International Journal of Business and Management, Vol 1, No 2. . Bhavani, T.A. (2011), “ Dynamic Business Environments: What These Mean for Indian Small Enterprises” in “ Micro and Small Enterprises in India: Era of Reforms: Keshab Das (Ed)” pp. 27-45. . Christopher J. Green Colin H. Kirkpatrick, and Victor Murinde, (2006) Finance for Small Enterprise Growth and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries Journal of International Development J. Int. Dev. 181017–1030 (2006) Published online in Wiley Inter Science. (www.interscience.wiley.com) . Dixit, A. and Pandey, A.K. (2011), ‘SMEs and Economic Growth in India: Co integration Analysis’, The IUP Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. IX, No. 2, PP. 41-59 . Dutt & Sundharam, Indian Economy, S.Chand Publication, 2010. . Economic Survey (2009-10).Industry (pp.202-233).Available from: http:// in diabudget.nic.in. . Government of India, Ninth & Tenth Five Year plans, Planning Commission 1997-2002, New Delhi. . Government of India, Tenth Five Year Plan, Planning Commission, 2002-2007, New Delhi. . Government of India Eleventh and twelfth Five Year Plans, Planning Commission, 2002-2007, New Delhi . Kumar, N. B., Gugloth, S. (2012). Micro, small and medium enterprises in the 21st century. ZENITH International Journal of Business Economics and Management Research, 2 (5), 23-38. . MSME Development Act 2006, Ministry of the District Industry Centers (DIC) MSME, Government of India. . MSME Annual Report 2014-15 (and various issues) Government of India. . MSME Annual Report 2015-16 Government of India. . UNIDO (1969), ‘Small Scale Industry in Latin America’, Publication no. 11B.p.37. . Prime Minister’s Task Force on MSME (Jan. 2010) Government of India. . Sandesara, J.C. (1993) “Modern Small Industry, 1972 and 1987-88: Aspects of Growth and Structural Change.” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.28 No. 6. . Singh, R., Verma, O.P., and Anjum, B. (2012), ‘Small Scale Industry: An Engine of Growth’, Zenith International Journal of Business Economics & Management Research, Vol.2 Issue 5. Online available at http://www.zenithresearch.org.in . Subramanyam, P., Reddy, B. R. (2012). Micro, small and medium enterprises in India: An overview. VSRD International Journal of Business and Management Research, II (XI), 532-539. . Venkatesh, S. and Muthiah, K. (2012), ‘SMEs in India: Importance and Contribution’, Asian Journal of Management Research, Vol. 2, No. 2.
Dr. Sarita Satpathy, P. SailajaRani, M.L.Nagajyothi "A Study of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; the Backbone for Economic Development of Indian Economy" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.75-82 2017
In the present paper, we study some direct approximations results for the linear combinations of the modified beta operators, in Lp-space. To prove the main results, we have used the technique of linear approximating method, namely, Steklov mean. The error estimates are estimated in terms of higher order integral modulus of smoothness.
- Page(s): 83-89
- Date of Publication: 21 June 2017
- Manoj KumarDepartment of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science, Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar, Uttrakhand-249404, India.
. S. G. Gal and V. Gupta, Approximation by complex Szasz-Durrmeyer operators in compact disks, Acta Math. Sci., 34 B (4) (2014), 1157-1165. . S. Goldberg and A. Meir, Minimum Moduli of ordinary differential operators, Proc. London Math. Soc., 23 (1971), 1-15. . V. Gupta, Direct estimates for a new general family of Durrmeyer type operators, Bollettino dell’Unione Mathematica Italiana 7 (2015), 279-288. . V. Gupta, Error estimation for mixed summation-integral type operators, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 313(2006) 632-641. . M. K. Gupta, V. Gupta and M. Kumar, Direct and inverse estimates for a new family of linear positive operators, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 330(2007), 799-816. . E. Hewitt and K. Stromberg, Real and Abstract Analysis, McGraw-Hill, New York (1956). . M. Kumar , On simultaneous approximation of functions by a certain family of linear positive operators, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Vol. 6, Issue 9 (2016), 452-456. . C. P. May, Saturation and inverse theorems for combinations of a class of exponential type operators, Canad. J. Math. 28 (1976), 1224-1250. . C.A. Micchelli, The saturation class and iterates of the Bernstein polynomials, J. Approx. Theory 8 (1973) 1-18. . R.K.S. Rathore, Linear combinations of Linear Positive Operators and Generating Relations in Special Functions, Ph.D Thesis, I.I.T. Delhi (India) (1973). . A. F. Timan, Theory of Approximation of Functions of a Real Variable (English Translation), Dover Publications Inc., N.Y. (1994). . A. Zygmund, Trigonometrical series, Dover Publications, Inc. New York (1995).
Manoj Kumar "Degree of Lp-Approximation by a Linear Combination of Modified Beta Operators" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.83-89 2017
Non classical effect of light in stimulated five-wave mixing optical process has been studied. It is found to be dependent on coupling constant “g” and phase values of the field amplitude with photon number of the fundamental field as well as of the harmonic mode under short time approximation.
- Page(s): 90-93
- Date of Publication: 21 June 2017
- Savita GillDepartment of Electrical Engineering, RGPV University/Jawaharlal Nehru College of technology, Rewa, India
. Slusher R, Hollberg L, Yurke B, Mertz J and Valley J 1985 Phys. Rev. Lett. 55 2409 . Savita, S. Rani and N. Singh, “Higher Order Amplitude Squeezing in Fourth and Fifth Harmonic Generation”, Indian Journal of Physics, vol.86, pp. 371-375.(2012) . S. Gill, S. Rani and N. Singh, Higher order squeezing in seventh harmonic generation,International Journal of Physics and Application, 3(2), (2011, 209-218. . M.D. Reid and D.F. Walls, Generation of squeezed states via degenerate four wave mixing, Physical Review A, 31, 1985, 1622. . D.K. Giri and P.S. Gupta, The squeezing of radiation in four-wave mixing processes, Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics, 6, 2004, 91-96. . A. Pathak, P. Gupta, Minimum total noise is a measure of higher order squeezing. Optik. 2010, 121, 1507-1510. . S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa , F. Kannari, M. Sasaki and A. Furusawa 2006 Appl. Phys.Lett. 89 061116 . Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa and A. Furusawa 2007 Opt. Express 15 4321 . M. Mehmet, S. Ast, T. Eberle, S. Steinlechner, H. Vahlbruch and R. Schnabel 2011 Opt. Express 1925763 . M.S. Stefszky, C.M. Mow-Lowry, S S Y. Chua, D. Shaddock , B.C. Buchler, H. Vahlbruch, Khalaidovski, R. Schnabel, P.K. Lam and D.E McClelland 2012 Class. Quantum Grav. 29 145015 . R. Dong, J. Heersink, J.F. Corney, P.D. Drummond, U.L. Andersen and G. Leuchs 2008 Opt. Lett. 33 116 . S. Barreiro, P. Valente, H. Failache and A. Lezama 2011 Phys. Rev. A 84 033851. . M. Fiorentino, J.E. Sharping, P. Kumar, A. Porzio and R.S. Windeler 2002 Opt. Lett. 27 649 . K. Hirosawa , H. Furumochi , A. Tada , F. Kannari , M. Takeoka and M. Sasaki 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94203601 . S.L. Braunstein and H. Kimble 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 869 . A. Furusawa , J.L. Sørensen , S.L. Braunstein , C.A. Fuchs , H.J. Kimble and E.S. Polzik 1998 Science 282706 . N.C. Menicucci , P. Van Loock , M. Gu , C. Weedbrook , T.C. Ralph and M.A. Nielsen 2006 Phys.Rev. Lett.97 110501 . M. Lassen ,M. Sabuncu , A. Huck , J. Niset , G. Leuchs , N.J. Cerf and U.L. Andersen 2010 Nat. Photon. 4700 . V. Giovannetti , S. Lloyd and L. Maccone, 2001 Nature 412 417. . C.K. Hong, L. Mandel, Generation of higher order squeezing of a quantum electromagnetic field.Phys. Rev. A 1985, 32,974-982. . M. Hillery, Amplitude squared squeezing of electromagnetic field.Phys. Rev. A 1987,36, 3796-3802.
Savita Gill "Non Classical Effect of Light in Stimulated Five Wave Mixing" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.90-93 2017
There have been numerous waves in research, these are quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research. Mixed method research is not new in education but in Indian context that was less compare to world scenario. When conducting mixed methods research that involves collection, analyzing and interpreting quantitative and qualitative data in a single study or in a series of studies that investigate the same phenomenon for better understanding. The present paper based on to find out the mixed methods researches was conducted in Indian Universities. After finding the mixed methods researches that can analyzed according to time period and areas of educational research. Paper also presents the basic concept, history, advantages and types of mixed methods researches. Results reflect the position of mixed methods researches in India.
- Page(s): 94-98
- Date of Publication: 23 June 2017
- Deepti KumariResearch Scholar, Department of Education, Banasthali University, Rajasthan, India.
- Dr. Ajay SuranaAssociate Professor, Head of Department, Department of Education Banasthali University, Rajasthan, India.
. Ary, Donald & Sorenson, L.C. (2010). Introduction to Research In Education. Canada :Wadsworth Cengage Learning press. . Barnard, H. R. & Ryan, G. W. (2009).Analyzing Qualitative Data. California: Sage Publication. . Caracelli, V. J., & Greene, J. C. (1993). Data analysis strategies for mixed-method evaluation designs, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15(2), 195–207. . Chandra, Sotishivendra & Sharma, R. K. (2004). Research in Education. Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. . Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. . Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. . Creswell, John. W. (2010). Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods approaches. PP 179-189. London: Sage Publication. . Johnson, R.B., Onwuegbuzie, A. & Turner, L.(2007). Toward a definition of mixed methods research, Journal of mixed methods research,1, 112-133. . Johnson, R.B., Onwuegbuzie, A.J.(2004). Mixed methods research: a research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher. 33(7), 14–26 . Morgan, D.L.(1998). Practical strategies for combining qualitative and quantitative methods: applications to health research, Qualitative Health Research. 3, 362–376 . Tashakkori, A. & Teddlie, C. (1998). Mixed Methodology: Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches ( Applied Social Research Methods, No. 46). Thousand Oaks, CA; Sage.
Deepti Kumari, Dr. Ajay Surana "Trends of Mixed Methods Researches of Education in Indian Context" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.94-98 2017
The document describes the emergence of employee transportation, its evolution and emerging trends in terms of governance model. This also elaborates the way forward options aligning to the market size.
- Page(s): 99-102
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Brajesh KumarHP Computing and Printing Systems India Pvt Ltd
- Ramesha CSHP Computing and Printing Systems India Pvt Ltd
Brajesh Kumar, Ramesha CS "Employee Transportation Emerging Trend – IT/ITES" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.99-102 2017
SAGMA Copolymer has been demonstrated to be an efficient reactive compatibilizer for the incompatible polymer blends of ABS and PA6. Thermal properties; TGA, HDT and Vicat softening temperature of Blends of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and Nylon 6 (PA6) incorporating styrene-acrylonitrile-glycidyl methacrylate (SAGMA) copolymer as compatibilizer have been studied across five different compositions by varying the PA6 ratio from 15 wt% to 55 wt%. The change of morphology from discrete dispersed PA6 particles to phase inversion to co-continuous phases effected due to the compatibilizer and responsible for evolution of thermal properties.
- Page(s): 103-106
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Hema SinghAllenhouse Institute of Technology, Rooma, Kanpur, India
. Tjong SC, Jiang W (2000) J. Mater. Sci. 39: 2737 . Tjong SC (2003) Mater. Sci. Eng.R: Reports 41: 1 . Kudva RA, Keskkula H and Paul DR (2000) Polymer 41: 239 . Idem (2000) Polymer 41: 335 . Majumdar B, Keskkula H and Paul DR (1994) Polymer 35: 3164 . Singh H, Gupta NK, (2011) J Polym Res 18: 1365 . Singh H (2017) IJLTEMAS Volume VI, Issue V . Sakellariou P, Eastmond GC and Miles IS (1991) Polymer 32: 2351 . Heuschen J, Vion JM, Jerome R and Teyssie (1990) Polymer 31: 1473 . Plochocki AP, Dagli SS and RD Andrews (1990) Polym. Eng. Sci., 30: 741 . Jang SP and Kim D, Polym. (2000) Eng. Sci., 40: 1635 . 1Lia SM, Chen WC, Liao YC, Chen TW, Shen HF, Shiao YK, (2003) ANTEC 2286 . Scott CE and Macosco CW (1994) J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys 32: 205 . Heuschen J, Vion JM, Jermove R, and Teyssie (1990)Polymer 31: 1473 . Chen CC and White JL (1993) Polym. Eng. Sci 33: 923 . Lee PC, Kuo WF and Chang FC (1994) Polymer 35: 5641
Hema Singh "Compatibilization of ABS/PA6 Blends with Fixed Weight Ratio SAGMA Copolymer: Thermal Properties" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-(IJRSI) vol.4 issue 6, pp.103-106 2017
-Fixed point theory has many useful applications in applied sciences. The object of this paper is to obtain fixed point for continuous self mappings in Hilbert space with rational conditions.
- Page(s): 107-110
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Harshad Dixit Department of Mathematics, Seva Sadan College, Burhanpur , (M.P.), India
- Rajni Bhargav Department of Mathematics, Govt. M.L.B. Girls P.G. Autonomous College, Bhopal (M.P.), India
. Fisher, A fixed point theorem for compact metric space, (1976), Publ.Inst.Math.25,193- 194. . R. Kannan, Some results on fixed point theorems,(1969),Bull. Calcutta. Math. Soc, Vol. 60,71-78. . S.K. Chatterjee, Fixed point theorems compactes, (1972), Rend. Acad. Bulgare Sci,vol. 25,727– 730. . Badshah, V.H. and Meena, G., (2005): Common fixed point theorems of an infinite sequence of mappings, Chh. J. Sci. Tech. Vol. 2, 87-90. . Browder, Felix E. (1965): Fixed point theorem for non compact mappings in Hilbert space, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1965 June; 53(6): 1272–1276. . Koparde, P.V. and Waghmode, B.B. (1991): On sequence of mappings in Hilbert space, The Mathematics Education, XXV, 197. . Koparde, P.V. and Waghmode, B.B. (1991): Kannan type mappings in Hilbert spaces, Scientist Phyl. Sciences Vol.3, No.1, 45-50. . Pandhare, D.M. and Waghmode, B.B. (1998): On sequence of mappings in Hilbert space, The Mathematics Education, XXXII, 61. . Sangar, V.M. and Waghmode, B.B. (1991): Fixed point theorem for commuting mappings in Hilbert space-I, Scientist Phyl. Sciences Vol.3, No.1, 64-66. . Sharma, A.K., Badshah, V.H and Gupta, V.K. (2014): Common fixed point theorems in Hilbert space, International Academy of Sciences, Engg. And Tech, Vol. 3 pp 63-70. . Veerapandhi, T. and Kumar, Anil S. (1999): Common fixed point theorems of a sequence of mappings in Hilbert space, Bull. Cal. Math. Soc.91 (4), 299-308. . Modi G. and Gupta R.N. (2015): Some results on Fixed Point Theorem in Hilbert Space, International Journal of Modern Sci. and Engg. Tech. Vol. 2 pp 1-7.
Harshad Dixit, Rajni Bhargav "Fixed Point Theorems for Self Mappings in Hilbert Space" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.107-110 2017
Achievement implies the academic status of the students in different subjects. It helps to assess the learning status of an individual. Among various factors, reasoning ability is one of them, which, I influences the achievement in mathematics.The present study aims at studying the influence of reasoning ability on the achievement to the pupil’s at secondary stage. A sample of 600 students of class VIII of the districts Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur and Howrah were selected.Stratified random sampling is used for this purpose.
- Page(s): 111-113
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Sujata Maiti Ph. D Scholar, Rabindra Bharati University- Kolkata, India
. Cain,W.Ralph.(1966) Relationship of verbal reasoning and numerical ability to achievement in first year Algebra,School science and mathematics vol-66,issue-2,February ,pages 131-134. . Kishan Jai and Kishan Prem.How to crack test of reasoning, Arihant publications (1) pvt Ltd, Meerut,April, 2011. . National Policy of Education (1986) Government of India Document.New Delhi,Ministry of Human Resource Development. . Sidhu,K.S.(2008) The teaching of Mathematics, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. . Aggarwal ,J.C .(2009) ,Essential of Educational Psychology,Vikash Publishing ,House Pvt. Ltd,New Delhi. . Tajudin, Norain.Mohd.Chinnappan,(2016) Realationship between scinitific reasoning skills and mathematics achievement among Malaysian Students,Geografia online. Malaysian Journal of society and space 12 issue 1(96-107) . Patel(1984),Mathematical ability of pupils of classes Ix and x in the context of some cognitive and affective variables. . Sumangala.(1995),The effect of mathematical ability to achievement in mathematics. . Mukherjee,Subhasis ,(2012),The relationship of academic achievement of the 10th grade students with their study habit, personality and scholastics aptitude.
Sujata Maiti "Impact of Reasoning Ability on Mathematics Achievement" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.111-113 2017
Organic food is sustenance created by strategies that follow the models of Organic cultivating. Gauges differ around the world, yet natural cultivating all in all components rehearses that endeavor to cycle assets, advance environmental adjust, and monitor biodiversity. Associations managing Organic items may limit the utilization of specific pesticides and manures in cultivating. By and large, natural sustenances are likewise more often than not prepared utilizing light, mechanical solvents or manufactured nourishment added substances.
- Page(s): 114-117
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Vishal Verma Research Scholar,Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India
. Balfour, Lady Eve. "Towards a Sustainable Agriculture--The Living Soil". IFOAM. Retrieved 20 August 2014. . "Agricultural Marketing Service – National Organic Program". Ams.usda.gov. 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2012-09-09. . Cranfield, J. A., and E. Magnusson (2003). Canadian consumers’ willingness-to-pay for pesticide free food products: An ordered probit analysis. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 6 (4): 14–30. . "Pesticides and Food: What the Pesticide Residue Limits are on Food". US Environmental Protection Agency. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014. . "Organic Livestock Requirements". United States Department of Agriculture. July 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-17. . "Access to Pasture Rule for Organic Livestock". Ams.usda.gov. . Labeling: Preamble". . Harper, G. C., &Makatouni, A. (2002). Consumer perception of organic food production and farm animal welfare. British Food Journal, 104(3/4/5), 287-299. . Chen, Jue (February 2014). "Food safety in China opens doors for Australia’s agri sector". Australia China Connections. . Stewart, Emily. "Chinese babies looking for more Aussie organic milk". abc.net.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. . "Organic exports to China on the rise". Dynamic Export. Retrieved 27 March 2014. . Allen, Gary J. & Albala, Ken, eds. (2007). The Business of Food: Encyclopedia of the Food and Drink Industries. ABC-CLIO. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-313-33725-3. . Harper, G. C., &Makatouni, A. (2002). Consumer perception of organic food production and farm animal welfare. British Food Journal, 104(3/4/5), 287-299. . Staff, National Pesticide Information Center Organic Pesticide Ingredients . Code of Federal Regulations 7 CRF § 205.206(2e) . Cranfield, J. A., and E. Magnusson (2003). Canadian consumers’ willingness-to-pay for pesticide free food products: An ordered probit analysis. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 6 (4): 14–30. . Paull, J. & Lyons, K. 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Retrieved 28 April 2015. . Motomura, Chika (20 June 2013). "Japanese Organic Market Report" (PDF). Osaka: Agricultural Trade Office of Japan. Retrieved 28 April 2015. . Lutz, Ashley (7 October 2014). "How Trader Joe's Sells Twice As Much As Whole Foods". Business Insider. Retrieved 28 June 2015. . Genevra Pittman (4 September 2012). "Organic Food No More Nutritious than Non-organic: Study". Reuters Health. . Werner, J., & Alvensleben, R.V. (2011).Consumer Attitudes towards Organic Food in Germany (F.R.). Symposium on Horticultural Economics, VIII(155). . Smith-Spangler, C; Brandeau, M. L.; Hunter, G. E.; Bavinger, J. C.; Pearson, M; Eschbach, P. J.; Sundaram, V; Liu, H; Schirmer, P; Stave, C; Olkin, I; Bravata, D. M. (2012). "Are organic foods safer or healthier than conventional alternatives?: A systematic review". Annals of Internal Medicine. 157 (5): 348–66. PMID 22944875.doi:10.7326/0003-4819-157-5-201209040-00007. . Dr. N. Mahesh and Dr. R. Ganapathi, “A Study on Determinants of Consumers’ Purchase Behaviour Towards Green Products”, International Journal of Management (IJM), Volume 3, Issue 3, 2012, pp. 32 - 41, ISSN Print: 0976-6502, ISSN Online: 0976-6510. . Hunter, Duncan; Foster, Meika; McArthur, Jennifer O.; Ojha, Rachel; Petocz, Peter; Samman, Samir (July 2011). "Evaluation of the Micronutrient Composition of Plant Foods Produced by Organic and Conventional Agricultural Methods". Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 51 (6): 571–582. PMID 21929333.doi:10.1080/10408391003721701. . Magkos, F; Arvaniti, F; Zampelas, A (2003). "Organic food: Nutritious food or food for thought? A review of the evidence". International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition.54 (5): 357–71. PMID 12907407. doi:10.1080/09637480120092071. . Pretty, J.N.; Ball, A.S.; Lang, T.; Morison, J.I.L. (2005). "Farm costs and food miles: An assessment of the full cost of the UK weekly food basket". Food Policy. 30 (1): 1–19.doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2005.02.001. . Średnicka-Tober, D; Barański, M; Seal, C; Sanderson, R; Benbrook, C; Steinshamn, H; Gromadzka-Ostrowska, J; Rembiałkowska, E; Skwarło-Sońta, K; Eyre, M; Cozzi, G; Krogh Larsen, M; Jordon, T; Niggli, U; Sakowski, T; Calder, PC; Burdge, GC; Sotiraki, S; Stefanakis, A; Yolcu, H; Stergiadis, S; Chatzidimitriou, E; Butler, G; Stewart, G; Leifert, C (March 2016). "Composition differences between organic and conventional meat: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.". The British journal of nutrition. 115 (6): 994–1011. PMC 4838835 . PMID 26878675. doi:10.1017/S0007114515005073. . Średnicka-Tober, D; Barański, M; Seal, CJ; Sanderson, R; Benbrook, C; Steinshamn, H; Gromadzka-Ostrowska, J; Rembiałkowska, E; Skwarło-Sońta, K; Eyre, M; Cozzi, G; Larsen, MK; Jordon, T; Niggli, U; Sakowski, T; Calder, PC; Burdge, GC; Sotiraki, S; Stefanakis, A; Stergiadis, S; Yolcu, H; Chatzidimitriou, E; Butler, G; Stewart, G; Leifert, C (March 2016)."Higher PUFA and n-3 PUFA, conjugated linoleic acid, α-tocopherol and iron, but lower iodine and selenium concentrations in organic milk: a systematic literature review and meta- and redundancy analyses.". British Journal of Nutrition. 115 (6): 1043–60.PMC 4838834 . PMID 26878105. doi:10.1017/S0007114516000349. . Gold, Mary. "Should I Purchase Organic Foods?". USDA. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011. . "Pesticides Health and Safety Information." National Pesticides Information Center. National Pesticides Information Center, 1 Apr.2014.Web.9 Nov.2015. . "Common questions about diet and cancer". 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Vishal Verma "Attitude towards Organic Food in India" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.114-117 2017
Employee participation is the process whereby employees are involved in decision making processes, rather than simply acting on orders. Employee participation is part of a process of empowerment in the workplace . According to New-storm and Davis, ‘participation is the mental and emotional involvement of people in group situations that encourages them to contribute to group goals and share responsibility for them . In this review paper we will studied about Employee Participation in Human Resource management, decision making. Employee Participation is play crucial role in every business.
- Page(s): 118-121
- Date of Publication: July 2017
- Vishal Verma Research Scholar, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India
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Vishal Verma "Employee’s Participation in Decision Making Process" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 6, pp.118-121 2017