This paper discusses the African Traditional religion with a particular reference to the Oromo Indigenous religion, Waaqeffannaa in Ethiopia. It aimed to explore status of Waaqeffannaa religion in interreligious interaction. It also intends to introduce the reader with Waaqeffannaa’s mythology, ritual activities, and how it interrelates and shares with other African Traditional religions. Additionally it explains some unique character of Waaqeffannaa and examines the impacts of the ethnic based colonization and its blatant action to Oromo touched values in general and Waaqeffannaa in a particular. For further it assess the impacts of ethnic based discrimination under different regimes of Ethiopia and the impact of Abrahamic religion has been discussed.
- Page(s): 01-08
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Bedassa Gebissa Aga*Lecturer of Human Rights at Civics and Ethical Studies Program Department of Governance, College of Social Science, Wollega University, Ethiopia
. Aguilar, Mario I. 2005. The God of the Oromo: A religious paradigm in the work of Lambert Bartels. Journal of Oromo Studies, Volume 12, Numbers 1&2 . Almeida, Manoel de. 1954. History of High Ethiopia or Abassia, in C.F. Beckingham and G.W.B.Huntingford, eds, Some Records of Ethiopia 1593-1646. London: Hakluyt Society. . Awolalu, J. O. 1967. What is African Traditional Religion?Studies in Comparative Religion; Vol. 10, No.2. . Awolalu, J. O. 2007. “African Religion as an Academic Discipline” in Ade P. Dopamu et.al (eds) Dialogue Issues in Contemporary Discussion, (Akute: Big Small Books) . Bantii, LeellisaaAadaa. 6408. KudhaamaSeenaa: Seenaa, Eenyummaa, Aadaa, AmantiifiDuudhaa, kitaabaa 1ffaa. Finfinnee: ELLENI P.P.PLC . Bartels, Lambert. 1983. Oromo Religion: Myths and Rites of the Western Oromo of Ethiopia, An Attempt to Understand. Berline: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. . Bates, Darrel. 1979. The Abyssinian Difficulty: The Emperor Theodorus and the Maqdala Campaign, 1867-1868. Oxford. . Bokkuu, DirribiDamisie. 2011. Oromo wisdom in Black Civilization. Finfinnee: Finfinnee Printing and Publishing S.C. . Daadhii, MaammooGadaa. 2013. Duudhaa: Waaqa nu Uumettiniamanna, AyyaanaDirreefiLamanNamaaniKadhanna, ,kutaa 2ffaa .Finfinnee: HY international Printing press. . Dugassa, BegnaFufa. 2014. Reclaiming Oromo Indigenous Organizational Structures and Fostering Supportive Environments for Health. Archives of Business Research – Vol.2, No.1. . Ekeke, Emeka C. African Traditional Religion: A Conceptual and Philosophical Analysis. LUMINA, Vol. 22, No.2, ISSN 2094-1188. . Ekeke, Emeke C., and A. Ekeopara. 2010. God, Divinities and Spirits in African Traditional Religious ontology. American Journal of Social and Management Sciences 209-218. . Gbend, Joseph S. (nd). The Impact of Colonialism on African Indigenous Religion.Makurdi: Benue State University . Gebissa, Ezekiel. 2012. “Encounter of the Macca Oromo with Evangelical Christianity: A Look at the Meaning of Conversion,” in Philosophy in Africa Now: African Philosophy in Ethiopia, edited by BekeleGutema and Charles Verharen. Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa University Philosophical Studies . Gilchrist II, Horace Eric. 2003. Haile Silassie and American Missionaries: Inadvertent agents of Oromo identity in Ethiopia. MA Thesis, North Carolina State University. . GumiiWaaqeffattotaAddunyaa. Waaqeffannaa.http://waaqeffannaa.org/duudhaa-amantii-waaqeffannaa/ last accessed on December 10, 2013 . Guutaa, Magarsaa. 2007. ,AbbaaGammachis. Biography A Native of Oromiya: Enslaved, Freed and An Envoy of the Gospel (1856-1931). Finfinnee: AterGannoo Literature Society. . Hassen, Mohammed. 2000. A Short History of Oromo Colonial Experience: Part Two, Colonial Consolidation and Resistance 1935-2000. The Journal of Oromo Studies, Vol.7, No. 1 &2. . Hassen, Mohammed. 2002. Conquest, Tyranny, and Ethnocide against the Oromo: A Historical Assessment of Human Rights Conditions in Ethiopia, ca. 1880s–2002. Northeast African Studies (ISSN 0740-9133) Vol. 9, No. 3 (New Series). . Hassen, Mohammed. 2009. Oromo nationalism and the continuous multi-faceted attack on the Oromo cultural, civic and political organization. Report from Oromo workshop and its after-effects 26-39, Chr. Michelsen Institute. . Kanno, Ayalew. 2008. An Ancient People Great African Nation THE OROMO As recounted by Martial De Salviac.Finfinnee. . Levine, Donald. 1974. Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. . Marcus, Harold. 1963. Motives, Methods, and Some Results of the Unification of Ethiopia during the Reign of Menelik II. Proceedings of the Third International Conference of Ethiopian Studies. . Mbiti, John S. 1991. Introduction to African Religion, 2nded. Oxford: Heinemann. . Mbiti, John S. 1992. African Religions and Philosophy, 2nded.Oxford: Heinemann. . Megersa, Gemetchu. 2005. The Oromo World-View. Journal of Oromo Studies, Volume 12, Numbers 1&2. . Melba, Gadaa. 1988. Oromia: an Introduction. Khartoum . Nadhabaasaa, GetachewChamadaa. Waaqeffannaa: Testimony of an Indigenous Religion of the African Past and Present. Afro Articles, http://www.americanchronicle.com/Articles/60798 . Norberg, VivecaHalldin. 1977. Swedes in Haile Selassie’s Ethiopia, 1924-1952. Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African of Studies. . Omotoye, Rotimi Williams. 2011. The study of African Traditional Religion and its Challenges in Contemporary Times. Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies, (IJOURELS) Vol.1 No.2. . Regassa, Asebe. 2013. Irreecha: From Thanksgiving Ritual to Strong Symbol of Oromo Identity,” Ayyaantuu.com.http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/irrecha-from-thanksgiving-ritual-to-strong-symbol-of-oromo-identity/ . Undessa, Jemjem, and DhadachaGololcha. 2011. The Gada Democratic Pluralism with a particular reference to the Guji Socio-Cultural and politico-Legal System. Addis Ababa: RELA Printing Press. . Verharen, Charles. 2008. Comparing Oromo and Ancient Egyptian Philosophy. Journal of Oromo Studies, 15: 2. . WaldaaAmantiiWaaqeffannaaAddunyaa. 6407. Waaqeffannaa: BarsiisaAmantiiDurjireessa. Jiildii I, Lakk.1 . _____ Daaniyaa, ( Finfinnee, 6400) . The Imperial Ethiopian Ministry of Information. 1967. Haile Selassie: Selected Speeches of His Imperial Majesty Haile Silassie First.The Imperial Ethiopian Ministry of Information.
Bedassa Gebissa Aga "Oromo Indigenous Religion: Waaqeffannaa" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-(IJRSI) vol.3 issue 4, pp.01-08 2016
Each and every society upholds a social consciousness reciprocal with the prevailing dominant social culture. The social developments of mankind transformed the classes and castes to institutionalized religion. These institutionalized machinery of faith redefines the human relations and rights in accordance with the dominant group’s interest. The governing class joins hand together with these institutionalized religions and make use of it as a means to secure their authority. The socio-religious philosophy of the ruling class wipes out the various social relations and human rights and reign over other parallel thoughts. By using religious textual interpretation they bracket out ‘other’ and women from the mainstream. The Brahminic version of the Hindu philosophy denied the basic rights to the masses and slaughtered the ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity from the social sphere and make use of the common peoples as slaves to secure the power and leisure. The caste discriminations of Hindus degenerated the society as a whole. Ambedkar, Ayyankali, EVR and such others revealed the nature of discriminations and fought against it. Despite the Indian independence the Indian civil society remained in shackles of śāstra’s and continued the violations of rights of the Dalits. The article focuses on the way in which the Hindu Sastras and texts supported the caste hegemony and the denial of human rights for hundreds of years..
- Page(s): 09-13
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Dr. T.V. Krishnan
- Dr. P. K. PokkerFormer Head and Professor, Seinor Research Fellow Indian Council of Philosophical Research, India
. Gough, Kathleen.2008. Rural society in southeast India. Cambridge university press, Cambridge, p.19 . Moon vasant (1989)Dr. Ambedkar writings and speeches,vol.13Eduction Department Government of Maharashtra . Deshpande.G.P.(2002)sel;elctedwrittingsofjotiarophuka.leftworldbooksnewdelhi p.73 . Mines, D.P.2009. Caste in India. Association for Asian studies, Inc, U.S.A, p. 23 . Nissar. M and Kandasamy.2007. Ayyankali. Other Books, Calicut,P.25 . Gough, Kathleen.2008. Rural society in southeast India. Cambridge university press, Cambridge, P.32 . Chetharassery.T.H.P.1987.Ayyankali (Malayalam).prabatham printing publishing and company limited Trivandrum.p.49 . Ibid.p.51 . Nissar. M and Kandasamy.2007. Ayyankali. Other Books, Calicut. P.78 . Ibid.p.88 . Pandian .M.S.S.2008.Brahmin and non-Brahmin. Permanent black, Ranikhet.p.66 . Ibid.p.198 . Ibid.p.200 . Ibid.p.199 . Moon vasant (1989)Dr. Ambedkar writings and speeches,vol.1Eduction Department Government of Maharashtra,P.9 . Thirumaavalavan.2004. Uproot Hinduvta.samaya,Calcutta.p.114 . Ibid.p.25
Dr. T.V. Krishnan, Dr. P. K. Pokker "Violation of Rights in Theory and Practice: Dalit Experiences in India" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.09-13 2016
Removable orthodontic appliances have clasps as retentive components of the appliance. There are various types of clasps described in the literature. In this article a new clasp design is suggested which is easy to fabricate, offers good patient compliance, has less breakage, and provides good retention.
- Page(s): 14-16
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Dr. Panchali BatraDepartment of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
. Jackson V.H. Orthodontia. Dent Cosmos 1906; 48:278-284. . Adams C.P. The design and construction of removable orthodontic appliances, 2nd ed, Bristol, John Wright and Sons ltd. 1957:49 . Schwarz AM. Die Zahn, Mund and Kieferheilkunde 1954: 450-7 Muinchen Berlin: Urban and Schwarzenberg. . Stephens CD.The southend clasp. British journal of orthodontics, 1979; 6:183-184. . Graber TM, Vanarsdall RL, Vig KWL. Orthodontics: Current principles and techniques.4th ed.St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; 2009.
Dr. Panchali Batra "The Punch Clasp" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.14-16 2016
Janni Shishu Suraksha Yojana is a safe mother & childhood intervention scheme under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women. Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY) is a centrally sponsored scheme and integrates cash assistance with delivery and post delivery care. Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY) under the overall umbrella of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is being proposed by way of modifying the existing National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). Methods: - Pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design was adopted to find out the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme (STP) on Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY) among mothers. The sample consisting of 60 mothers. They were chosen by non probability purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted at Dhand village, Jaipur. The data was collected prior and after the Structured Teaching Programme (STP) by a structured questionnaire. Results: - The data was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The knowledge gained through Structured Teaching Programme (STP) was good as it was evidence with a highly significant difference (t(99)= 16.59, P<0.001) between the mean post-test (X2=19.28) and pre-test (X1=13.42) knowledge score.There was a significant association between the pre-test knowledge score and all the taken variable like age, education, income, where and when information about Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY). Conclusion: - After the detailed analysis of this study showsthat,there is a significant increase in knowledge of mothers regarding the Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY). Which is calculated by t-test and the result was 16.59. There was significant association between knowledge on Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY) and age of mothers, educational status, monthly income, when and where get information about Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY). Number of child, religion , type of family is Insignificant for Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY).
- Page(s): 17-22
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Dr. Mahipal SinghProf.cum Principal
Akhil Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Nursing, Sikar (Rajasthan), India
- Nilesh SoniAssistant Professor
Akhil Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Nursing, Sikar (Rajasthan), India
. Sharma MP An assessment of institutional deliveries under JSSY at different levels of health care in Jaipur District, Rajasthan, (2009) Indian Journal Public Health pp. 177-182. . D. Sharad. Iyengar. Maternal Health. A Case Study of Rajasthan. Journal of health. Population and nutrition. (2009) .pp. 271-292. . Chandrakant Lahariya Cash Incentives for Institutional Delivery: Linking with Antenatal and Post Natal Care May Ensure „Continuum of Care‟ in India, Indian journal community medicine. pp. 15-18. . Kumari Vinod (2009) Advantages as perceived by the beneficiaries' to Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in Bikaner District. Journal of Dairying pp.247-249. . Dr. Ramakant Sharma. (2008).25 Journal of health, population and nutrion Maternal Health Situation in India: A Case Study pp. 154–211. . Prakasamma (2009) Journal of health, population and nutrition 27 (2).pp. 220–234. . Dr. Poonam Mehta & Dr.Shubhna.M.E impact of Janani Suraksha Yojana on selected family health behaviors in rural uttar Pradesh. the journal of family welfare. (2010). pp. 111-132. . Chatterjee Patralekha.(2009).An assessment of institutional deliveries under JSY at different levels of health care in Jaipur District, Rajasthan, Indian Journal Public Health pp. 225-262. Books: . Park K. “Textbook of preventive and social medicine.” (20th edition).(2009). Banarsidas Bhanot. pp. 385. . Gulani. K.K. “Cmmunity Health Nursing”. (1st edition). (2009). New Delhi. Neelam Kumar. pp. 324. . State ministry of health and family welfare. (2011) current evaluation I. Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana.pp. 35-50. . Basavanthappa BT (2009) Nursing Research. New Delhi: Jaypee brothers.pp.125-145. . Kishore J. “Textbook of National health programme of India” century publication pp. 85-89. . Burns, Nancy, Groove, Susan. The practice of nursing research. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company; 1998. pp. 85-90. . George JB. Nursing theories. The base for professional nursing practice. 5th edition. New Jersey: Pearson education Inc; 2002. . Stephen S Lim. (2010). India's Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), a conditional cash transfer programme to increase births in health facilities: an impact evaluation, pp. 209 – 223. . J. Amy. Kaserton (2010) vol. 10, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth Institutional delivery in rural India: the relative importance of accessibility and economic status.pp.225-274. . Kothari C.R., Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (2nd edition), New Age International Publisher.pp.130-170. . Polit DF, Hungler BD. (1999). Nursing research: Principles and methods. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincot company.pp.139-185. . George JB. Nursing theories. The base for professional nursing practice. 5th edition. New Jersey: Pearson education Inc; 2002.pp.225-310.
Dr. Mahipal Singh, Nilesh Soni "A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme (STP) On Knowledge Regarding Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana (JSSY) Among Mothers" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.17-22 2016
Successful social and emotional adjustment in adulthood is determined by the social cognitive ability of a person. The development of social cognition is very crucial during childhood. Children spend most of their active hours at school and hence the school curriculum, schooling, and teaching methodology influence social cognition to a great extent. Semi- urban and rural children have distinct social environments and hence distinct social needs and learning needs. Both these groups have limited social learning opportunities when compared with their urban counter parts. In this case school experiences become the most influencing social environment. This paper aims at comparing and analyzing the influence of the child centered Nali Kali method of teaching in the government schools of Karnataka and the teacher centered Talk Chalk method of teaching usually adopted by other schools on the development of social cognitive abilities in primary school, semi urban and rural children. The study also emphasizes on the demographic and gender differences in the way the two methods influence the social cognition in children. The study further probes into the different activities and concepts in teaching methodologies which foster the growth of social cognitive abilities.
- Page(s): 23-31
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Archana Bhat KallahallaDepartment of studies in Psychology, University of Mysore, Mysore, India
- Kiran Kumar K. SalagameProfessor (Retired), Department of studies in Psychology University of Mysore, Mysore, India
. Allan, J. (Ed.). (2012). Topic detection and tracking: event-based information organization (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. . Ames, C. (1992). Classrooms: Goals, structures, and student motivation. Journal of educational psychology, 84(3), 261. . Archana Bhat, K. (2002)1. Social cognition in Rural and Semi Urban Children, Unpublished Master‟s Dissertation, University of Mysore. . Berndt, T. J. (1999). Friends' influence on students' adjustment to school.Educational Psychologist, 34(1), 15-28. . Birch, S. H., & Ladd, G. W. (1996). Interpersonal relationships in the school environment and children's early school adjustment: The role of teachers and peers. . Birch, S. H., & Ladd, G. W. (1997). The teacher-child relationship and children's early school adjustment. Journal of school psychology, 35(1), 61-79. . Brendgen, M., Bowen, F., Rondeau, N., & Vitaro, F. (1999). Effects of friends‟ characteristics on children‟s social cognitions. Social Development, 8(1), 41-51. . Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). Contexts of child rearing: Problems and prospects. American psychologist, 34(10), 844. . Brown, A. L., & Campione, J. C. (1994). Guided discovery in a community of learners. The MIT Press. . Burhans, K. K., & Dweck, C. S. (1995). Helplessness in early childhood: The role of contingent worth. Child development, 66(6), 1719-1738. . Cheney, B. Ruzzi, B. and Muralidharan, K (2005): A profile of the Indian Education System; Paper prepared for the New Commission on the skills of the American Workforce, November 2005. . Cooper, C. R., Ayers‐Lopez, S., & Marquis, A. (1982). Children's discourse during peer learning in experimental and naturalistic situations. Discourse Processes, 5(2), 177-191. . Copple, C., & Bredekamp, S. (2009). Developmentally appropriate practice in early childhood programs serving children from birth through age 8. National Association for the Education of Young Children. 1313 L Street NW Suite 500, Washington, DC 22205-4101. . Eggum, N. D., Eisenberg, N., Kao, K., Spinrad, T. L., Bolnick, R., Hofer, & Fabricius, W. V. (2011). Emotion understanding, theory of mind, and prosocial orientation: Relations over time in early childhood. The journal of positive psychology, 6(1), 4-16. . Flavell, J. H. (1977). The development of knowledge about visual perception. In Nebraska symposium on motivation. University of Nebraska Press. . Hartup, W. W. (1983). Social cognition and social development. E. T. Higgins, & D. N. Ruble (Eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. Hidden curriculum (2014, August 26). In S. Abbott (Ed.), The glossary of education reform. Retrieved from http://edglossary.org/hidden-curriculum. . January, A. M., Casey, R. J., & Paulson, D. (2011). A meta-analysis of classroom-wide interventions to build social skills: Do they work?. School Psychology Review, 40(2), 242. . Kapur, D. and Mehta,P.B (2004). “Indian Higher Education Reform: From Half- Baked Socialism to Half Baked Capitalism.” Working paper, Center for International Development at Harvard University. . Karnataka Human development report 2012, Published by Planning and Statistics Department, Government of Karnataka. . Kiran Kumar, S. K. (2001)2. A pictorial measure of social cognition for children: Preliminary report. Paper presented at the 27th National Annual Conference of The Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists, IHBAS, New Delhi. . Kohlberg, L. (1981). The philosophy of moral development moral stages and the idea of justice. . Newman, R. S. (2000). Social influences on the development of children's adaptive help seeking: The role of parents, teachers, and peers. Developmental Review, 20(3), 350-404. . Newman, R. S., & Goldin, L. (1990). Children's reluctance to seek help with schoolwork. Journal of educational psychology, 82(1), 92. . Oden, S., & Asher, S. R. (1977). Coaching children in social skills for friendship making. Child Development, 495-506.. Paris, S. G., & Cunningham, A. E. (1996). Children becoming students. . Perry, K. E., & Weinstein, R. S. (1998). The social context of early schooling and children's school adjustment. Educational Psychologist, 33(4), 177-194. . Pettit, G. S., Harrist, A. W., Bates, J. E., & Dodge, K. A. (1991). Family interaction, social cognition and children's subsequent relations with peers at kindergarten. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 8(3), 383-402. . Rogoff, B. (1990). Apprenticeship in thinking: Cognitive development in social context. Oxford University Press. . Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W. M., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. Handbook of child psychology. . Ryan, R. M., & Stiller, J. (1991). The social contexts of internalization: Parent and teacher influences on autonomy, motivation and learning. Advances in motivation and achievement, 7, 115-149. . Salagame, K. K.K & Kallahalla, B. A. (2015). Children’s Pictorial Measure of Social Cognitive Ability. Bangalore, India: Psychotronics Publications. . Selman, R. L. (1974). The development of conceptions of interpersonal relations. Publication of the Harvard-Judge Baker Social Reasoning Project,1. . Selman, R. L., & Byrne, D. F. (1974).A structural-developmental analysis of levels of role taking in middle childhood. Child development, vol 45 803-806. . Shure, M. B., & Spivack, G. (1981). Interpersonal problem solving as a mediator of behavioral adjustment in preschool and kindergarten children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 1(1), 29-44. . Vygotsky, L. S. (1934). Myshlenie i rech. Psikhologicheskie issledovanija. . Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning as a social system. Systems thinker, 9(5), 2-3. WEBLIOGRAPHY . http://indiagovernance.gov.in/files/nail_kali_innovations_in_primary_education_in_karnataka.pdf . http://infochangeindia.org.2006 . http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/seeds/seed_edu.pdf . http://ssakarnataka.gov.in/pdfs/int_lep/nk_report.pdf . http://www.unicef.org/rosa/Happy.pdf
Archana Bhat Kallahalla, Kiran Kumar K. Salagame "Teaching Methodology and Social Cognition in Primary School Children: A Study of Semi Urban and Rural, Talk Chalk and Nali Kali Schools" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.23-31 2016
This review paper highlights the recent developments made in the use of plant viral expression vectors and application of agroinfilteration techniques. Plant virus expression vectors were designed to express a gene of interest in plant tissues for the development of vaccine and other biopharmaceuticals. This new platform also provides an ample evidence that the combination of agroinfilteration, and plant viral expression vectors will provide a powerful tool for a rapid and high-level transient expression of recombinant proteins in plants. Furthermore, transient expression of recombinant proteins using syringe agroinfilteration, an efficient, robust, and scalable gene-transfer technology has been exploited recently for the production of many biopharmaceuticals in plants. Therefore, the development of viral expression vectors based on deconstructed plant viruses has significantly increased the accumulation of recombinant proteins in plants. Hence this new technology of gene delivery has opened up a new ray of hope for the commercial production of vaccines and biopharmaceuticals in plant system.
- Page(s): 32-36
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Ravindra B. MalabadiMiller Blvd NW, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad, Karnataka state, India
- Raju K. ChalannavarDepartment of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
- Neelambika T. MetiPlant Biotechnology Laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of IT and Biotechnology, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune , Maharashtra , India
- Sudabattula VijayakumarBiotechnology Research Institute, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
- Gangadhar S. MulgundPlant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
. Abramovitch RB, Janjusevic R, Stebbins CE, and Martin GB (2006) Type III effector AvrPtoB requires intrinsic E3 ubiquitin ligase activity to suppress plant cell death and immunity, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 2851–2856. . Bashir NS (2007) Recent developments in design and application of plant virus-based gene vectors. Recent Pat DNA Gene Seq. 1:214-226. . Chapman S, Kavanagh T, Baulcombe D (1992) Potato virus X as a vector for gene expression in plants. Plant J. 2:549-557. . Chen Q, Lai H. Plant-derived virus-like particles as vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2013; 9:26–49. [PubMed: 22995837] . Chen Q, Lai H, Hurtado J, Stahnke J, Leuzinger K, Dent M (2013) Agroinfiltration as an effective and scalable strategy of gene delivery for production of pharmaceutical proteins. Adv Tech Biol Med. ; 1(1): . doi:10.4172/atbm.1000103. . Dawson WO, Lewandowski DJ, Hilf ME, Bubrick P, Raffo AJ, Shaw JJ, Grantham GL, Desjardins PR(1989) A tobacco mosaic virus hybrid expresses and loses an added gene. Virology. 172:285-292 . Dawson WO (2014) A personal history of virus-based vector construction. In Plant Viral Vectors. Edited by Palmer K, Gleba Y. 1-18. . Dohi K, Nishikiori M, Tamai A, Ishikawa M, Meshi T, Mori M (2006) Inducible virus-mediated expression of a foreign protein in suspension-cultured plant cells. Arch Virol.151: 1075-1084. . Dugdale B, Mortimer CL, Kato M, James TA, Harding RM, Dale JL (2013) In Plant ACTivation: an inducible, hyperexpression platform for recombinant protein production in plants. Plant Cell. 25:2429-2443. . Gleba Y, Klimyuk V, Marillonnet S (2005) Magnifection – a new platform for expressing recombinant vaccines in plants. Vaccine 23: 2042–2048. . Gleba Y, Klimyuk V, Marillonnet S (2007) Viral vectors for the expression of proteins in plants. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 18:134-141. . Gleba Y, Tuse D, Giritch A (2014) Plant viral vectors for delivery by Agrobacterium. In Plant Viral Vectors. Edited by Palmer K, Gleba Y.155-192. . Grimsley N, Hohn B, Hohn T, Walden R (1986) „„Agroinfection,‟‟ an alternative route for viral infection of plants by using the Ti plasmid. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 83:3282-3286. . Hamorsky KT, Grooms-Williams TW, Husk AS, Bennett LJ, Palmer KE, and Nobuyuki Matoba N (2013) “Efficient single tobamoviral vector-based bioproduction of broadly neutralizing anti-HIV-1 monoclonal antibody VRC01 in Nicotiana benthamiana plants and utility of VRC01 in combination microbicides,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 2076–2086. . Hefferon KL (2012a) Recent advances in virus expression vector strategies for vaccine production in plants. Virology and Mycology. 1:105. doi:10.4172/2161-0517.1000105. . Hefferon KL (2012b) Plant virus expression vectors set the stage as production platforms for biopharmaceutical proteins. Virology 433: 1–6. . Hefferon KL (2014a) DNA virus vectors for vaccine production in plants: spotlight on geminiviruses. Vaccines, 2:642-653. . Hefferon KL (2014b) Plant virus expression vector development: New perspectives. BioMed Research International. Article ID 785382, 6 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/785382. . Hsu CH, Lin SS, Liu FL, Su WC, Yeh SD (2004) Oral administration of a mite allergen expressed by zucchini yellow mosaic virus in cucurbit species downregulates allergen-induced airway inflammation and IgE synthesis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 113:1079-1085. . Huang Z, LePore K, Elkin G, Thanavala Y, Mason HS (2008) High-yield rapid production of hepatitis B surface antigen in plant leaf by a viral expression system. Plant Biotechnol J. 6:202-209. . Kelloniemi J, Makinen K, Valkonen JP (2006) A potyvirus-based gene vector allows producing active human S-COMT and animal GFP, but not human sorcin, in vector-infected plants. Biochimie. 88:505-513. . Klimyuk V, Pogue G, Herz S, Butler J, Haydon H (2014) Production of recombinant antigens and antibodies in Nicotiana benthamiana using „magnifection‟ technology: GMPcompliant facilities for small- and large-scale manufacturing. In Plant Viral Vectors. Edited by Palmer K, Gleba Y. 127-154. . Komarova TV, Baschieri S, Donini M, Marusic C, Benvenuto E, Dorokhov YL (2010) Transient expression systems for plant-derived biopharmaceuticals. Exp Rev Vaccin. 9:859-876. . Kushnir N, Streatfield SJ, Yusibov V (2012) Virus-like particles as a highly efficient vaccine platform: diversity of targets and production systems and advances in clinical development. Vaccine. 31:58-83. . Li C Y. Jiang Y, Guo W, and Liu Z (2013) “Production of a chimeric allergen derived from the major allergen group 1 of house dust mite species in Nicotiana benthamiana,” Human Immunology, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 531–537. . Lico C, Chen Q, Santi L (2008) Viral vectors for production of recombinant proteins in plants. J Cell Physiol. 216: 366-377. . Lindbo JA (2007)TRBO: a high-efficiency tobacco mosaic virus RNA-based overexpression vector. Plant Physiol. 145: 1232-1240. . Ma L, Lukasik E, Gawehns F, and Takken FLW (2012) The use of Agroinfiltration for transient expression of plant resistance and fungal effector proteins in Nicotiana benthamiana Leaves. Melvin D. Bolton and Bart P.H.J. Thomma (eds.), Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 835, DOI 10.1007/978-1-61779-501-5_4,© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. p 61-79. . Malabadi RB (2008) Production of edible vaccines for oral immunization in transgenic plants, current and future prospective. Journal of Phytological Research. 21(1): 1-10. . Malabadi RB, Parashar A, Ganguly A, Suresh MR (2010) Expression of Dengue virus envelope protein in a different plant system. Faculty Research and Development day, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, 19th November 2010. Pp - 31. . Malabadi RB, Ganguly A, Teixeira da Silva JA, Parashar A, Suresh MR, Sunwoo HH (2011) Overview of plant-derived vaccine antigens: Dengue virus. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 14:400-413 . Malabadi RB, Meti NT, Mulgund GS, Nataraja K, Vijaya Kumar S (2012) Recent advances in plant derived vaccine antigens against human infectious diseases. Research in Pharmacy. 2(2):08-19. . Marillonnet S, Thoeringer C, Kandzia R, Klimyuk V, Gleba Y (2005) Systemic Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transfection of viral replicons for efficient transient expression in plants Nat Biotechnol. 23:718-723. . Marillonnet S, Giritch A, Gils M, Kandzia R, Klimyuk V, Gleba Y (2004) In planta engineering of viral RNA replicons: efficient assembly by recombination of DNA modules delivered by Agrobacterium. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 101:6852-6857. . McCormick AA, Reddy S, Reinl SJ, Cameron TI, Czerwinkski DK, (2008) Plant produced idiotype vaccines for the treatment of non-Hodgkin‟s lymphoma: safety and immunogenicity in a phase I clinical study. Proc Natl Acad Sci 105: 10131-10136. . Molina A, Hervds-Stubbs S, Daniell H, Mingo-Castel AM, Veramendi J (2004) High-yield expression of a viral peptide animal vaccine in transgenic tobacco chloroplasts. Plant Biotechnol J 2: 141-153. . Mori M, Fujihara N, Mise K, Furusawa I (2001) Inducible high-level mRNA amplification system by viral replicase in transgenic plants. Plant J. 27:79-86. . Mortimer CL, Dugdale B, Dale JL (2015) Updates in inducible transgene expression using viral vectors: from transient to stable expression. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 32:85–92. . Nausch H, Mischofsky H, Koslowski R, Meyer U, Broer I, Huckauf J (2012) Expression and subcellular targeting of human complement factor C5a in Nicotiana species. PLoS ONE. 7:e53023. . Nuzzaci M, Piazzolla G, Vitti A, Lapelosa M, Tortorella C, Stella I, Natilla A, Antonaci S, Piazzolla P (2007) Cucumber mosaic virus as a presentation system for a double hepatitis C virus-derived epitope. Arch Virol. 152:915-928. . Ooi A, Tan S, Mohamed R, Rahman NA, Othman RY (2006) The fulllength clone of cucumber green mottle mosaic virus and its application as an expression system for Hepatitis B surface antigen. J Biotechnol. 121:471-481. . Petukhova NV, Gasanova TV, L. A. Stepanova LA (2013) “Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of candidate universal influenza A nanovaccines produced in plants by Tobacco mosaic virus-based vectors,” Current PharmaceuticalDesign, vol. 19,no. 31, pp. 5587–5600. . Rybicki EP, Martin DP (2014) Virus-derived ssDNA vectors for the expression of foreign proteins in plants. In Plant Viral Vectors. Edited by Palmer K, Gleba Y. 2014:19-45. . Sainsbury F, Lavoie P-O, D‟Aoust M-A, Vezina L-P, Lomonossoff GP (2008) Expression of multiple proteins using fulllength and deleted versions of cowpea mosaic virus RNA-2. Plant Biotechnol J. 6:82-92. . Saejung W, Fujiyama K, Takasaki T, Ito M, Hori K, et al. (2007) Production of dengue 2 envelope domain III in plant using TMV-based vector system. Vaccine 25: 6646-6654. . Santi L, Giritch A, Roy CJ, Marillonnet S, Klimyuk V, et al. (2006) Protection conferred by recombinant Yersinia pestis antigens produced by a rapid and highly scalable plant expression system. Proc Natl Acad Sci 103: 861-866. . Schmidlin L, Link D, Mutterer J, Guilley H, Gilmer D (2005) Use of a Beet necrotic yellow vein virus RNA-5-derived replicon as a new tool for gene expression. J Gen Virol. 86:463-467. . Sparrow PAC, Irwin JA, Dale PJ, Twyman RM, Ma JKC (2007) Pharma- Planta: Road testing the developing regulatory guidelines for plant-made pharmaceuticals. Transgenic Res. 16: 147-161. . Tai TH, Dahlbeck D, Clark ET, Gajiwala P, Pasion R, Whalen MC, Stall RE and Staskawicz BJ (1999) Expression of the Bs2 pepper gene confers resistance to bacterial spot disease in tomato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 96, 14153–14158. . Takamatsu N, Ishikawa M, Meshi T, Okada Y(1987) Expression of bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene in tobacco plants mediated by TMV-RNA. EMBO Journal. 6:307-311. . Trebicki P, Harding RM, Rodoni B, Baxter G, Powell KS (2010) Vectors and alternative hosts of tobacco yellow dwarf virus in southeastern Australia. Ann Appl Biol. 157:13-24. . Van den Ackerveken G, Marois E and Bonas U (1996) Recognition of the Bacterial avirulence protein AvrBs3 occurs inside the host plant cell, Cell. 87, 1307–1316. . Van der Hoorn RAL, Laurent F, Roth R, and De Wit PJGM (2000) Agroinfiltration as a versatile tool that facilitates comparative analyses of Avr9/Cf-9-induced and Avr4/ Cf-4-induced necrosis, Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 13, 439–446. . Yasmin A and Debener T (2010) Transient gene expression in rose petals via Agrobacterium infi ltration, Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 102 , 245–250. . Yusibov V, Streatfield SJ, Kushnir N, Roy G, Padmanaban A (2013) Hybrid viral vectors for vaccine and antibody production in plants. Curr Pharm Des 2013, 19:5574-5586. . Webster DE, Wang L, Mulcair M, Ma C, Santi L, et al. (2009) Production and characterization of an orally immunogenic Plasmodium antigen in plants using a virus-based expression system. Plant Biotechnol J 7: 846-855. . Werner S, Breus O, Symonenko Y, Marillonnet S, Gleba Y (2011) High level recombinant protein expression in transgenic plants by using a double-inducible viral vector. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 108:14061-14066. . Whaley KJ, Morton J, Hume S, Hiatt E, Bratcher B, Klimyuk V, Hiatt A, Pauly M, Zeitlin L (2014) Emerging antibody-based products. In Plant Viral Vectors. Edited by Palmer K, Gleba Y. 107-126. . Wroblewski T, Tomczak A, and Michelmore R (2005) Optimization of Agrobacterium mediated transient assays of gene expression in lettuce, tomato and Arabidopsis, Plant Biotech. J. 3, 259–273. . Zhang G, Leung C, Murdin L, Rovinski B, White KA (2000) In planta expression of HIV-1 p24 protein using an RNA plant virusbased expression vector. Mol Biotechnol. 14:99-107. . Zhang XR, Mason H (2006) Bean yellow dwarf virus replicons for highlevel transgene expression in transgenic plants and cell cultures. Biotechnol Bioeng. 93:271-279. . Zottini M, Barizza E, Costa A, Formentin E, Ruberti C, Carimi F, and Lo Schiavo F (2008) Agroinfiltration of grapevine leaves for fast transient assays of gene expression and for long-term production of stable transformed cells, Plant Cell Rep. 27, 845–853.
Ravindra B. Malabadi, Raju K. Chalannavar, Neelambika T. Meti, Sudabattula Vijayakumar, and Gangadhar S. Mulgund "Plant Viral Expression Vectors and Agroinfilteration: A Literature Review Update" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.32-36 2016
Obesity is a menace to health and it is public health problem which refers to a condition when fat accumulation is excessive to an extent that is increase risk of ill health. Dietary and lifestyle behaviors among adolescents are risk factors for several chronic diseases in adulthood. The study was conducted to discover the dietary habits and Life Style on the health in adolescents. Selecting 100 adolescents of age group 12-18 years from two schools in Agra district. Significant effect of exercise, market made food, watching television etc. was observed on obesity among adolescents. Interventions should consider promoting a healthy lifestyle for school students.
- Page(s): 37-40
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Archana SinghDepartment of Food & Nutrition (Biochemistry) Institute of Home Science, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University Agra- 282 002 (U.P.), India.
- Kavita SharmaDepartment of Food & Nutrition (Biochemistry) Institute of Home Science, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University Agra- 282 002 (U.P.), India.
. KHOSLA, ANJU AND MANOCHA, RUCHI: Home Science, Danika Publishing Co. (Publisher of Trueman’s specific series), 2012;2. . World Health Organization (WHO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Technical Report Series Geneva, Switzerland, 2002; 916. . Nasreddine L, Mehio-Sibai A, Maryati M, Adra N, Hwalla N. Adolescent obesity in Syria. Prevalence and associated factors. Childcare, Health and Development, 2009.p.1365–2214. . WIERZBICAAND, E. ROZKOWSKI, W.: Analysis of food intake including tast food meals by groups of adolescents, Bromat Chem. Toxkykol. Suppl. 2005:38: pp 561-566 . Gelvin: dietary analysis of adolescents, dissertation Abstractsinternational 2001:24, pp53 . 6 AHMED, A.: Obesity and Related Behaviour among Adolescents School boys in Abha city, Journal of Tropical paediatrics. 2007:pp.162. . Bin Zaal AA, Musaiger AO, D’Souza R 2009: Dietary habits associated with obesity among adolescents in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Nutrition Hospitalities. 24(4): 437–444 . KANERIA, Y. 2006: Prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to socio-economic condition of two groups of school age children of Udaipur city, Indian Academy of Clinical Medicine, 7: pp 79-83. . HIMES, J.H.: Prevalence of overweight and obesity in American and Indian school children in Aberdeen area, A population study2006, 23: pp 243. . Musaiger AO, Bader Z, AL-Roomi K, D’Souza R. Dietary and lifestyle habits amongst adolescents in Bahrain. Food and Nutrition Research. 2011; 55: 7122.
Archana Singh, Kavita Sharma, Mani Tyagi "Effect of Dietary Pattern and Life Style on Obesity among Adolescents" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.37-40 2016
The main objective of this paper is to develop an Android App which is useful especially for the nurses in the ICU (Intensive Care Unit) and the doctors in the hospital. In this management system an Android App is used to reduce the manual work at Health centers. All tasks are performed by the system, like registration details of an individual (i.e. patients, doctors, nurses and others). This system also provides the medical history of a patient in order to take appropriate medical treatment by the doctors before proposing any treatment to a patient, or when the patient is unable to give his details during emergencies like unconsciousness/ coma etc. This management system also monitors the ECG (EKG) i.e. Electrocardiogram of the patient including the prescribed medical treatment & gives alerts (via Bluetooth communication) to the doctors, nurses & the patient’s attendants if the condition of the patient is deteriorating. Early warning or alerts and patient awareness are critical in preventing permanent heart damage and saving much of the heart muscles from further damage. These critical conditions motivated me to propose this App to continuously monitor the condition of the patients in the ICU. All the updated information of any individual can be accessed anywhere by the authorized persons. In addition, this system helps in fixing the doctor’s appointments & enquiries, etc. This app reduces laborious paper work and the burden of file storage, making it Eco-friendly. Experiments were conducted using this App in real-time by collecting the ECG of the patients, in stationary as well as moving conditions. In both the situations, this application fulfilled.
- Page(s): 41-45
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Meghana ChandrashekarDepartment of Computer Science & Engineering, Velammal Institute of Technology, Chennai, India
 InnerBody- Study of Anatomy of our body (Cardiovascular section) https://www.innerbody.com/image/card01.html  Texas Heart® Institute (THI) at CHI St. Luke’s Health-Baylor St. Luke’s. http://www.texasheart.org/HIC/Anatomy/anatomy2.cfm  Electrocardiography. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 13 Mar. 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrocardiography  http://www.futureelaectronics.com/en/Microprocessors/digital-signal-processors.aspx - DSP Description  Saurabh Prakash et al. / International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET) ISSN : 0975-4024 Vol 5 No 2 Apr-May 2013  Sathish Patil / (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 4 (6) , 2013, 895 – 898 (ISSN: 0975-9646)  Zarina Md Amin, Suryani Ilias, Zunuwanas Mohamad. Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic of Sultan Abdul Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, 40150 Shah Alam Selangor, Malaysia.  International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2014
Meghana Chandrashekar "Quality Healthcare Management- using Android Application" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.41-45 2016
Raman and FTIR spectra of 6-fluoronicotinc acid (6-FNA) have been analyzed using ab-initio and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. Four stable structures of 6-fluoronicotinc acid have been found, the structures differ in orientation of COOH with respect to the nitrogen atom. The optimized geometries, structural parameters, harmonic vibrational wave number and intensity of the vibrational band of the 6-FNA have been calculated using ab-initio MP2/6-311++G(d,p) and DFT B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theories. Vibrational assignments have been made. The optimized geometries and Vibrational frequencies of 6-FNA have been compared with the corresponding values of nicotinic acid (NA). It has been found that 6-FNA is more stable than the corresponding structure of nicotinic acid. Most of the Vibrational frequencies have nearly the same magnitude for 6-FNA and NA. However their IR intensities and Raman activities have changed significantly.
- Page(s): 46-51
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Achchhe LalPhysics Department, Udai Pratap (Autonomous) College, Varanasi 221 002, India
- Devendra Kumar SinghPhysics Department, Udai Pratap (Autonomous) College, Varanasi 221 002, India
. S Gao; J W Liu; L H Huo; Z Z Sun; J S Gao; S W Ng. Acta Cryst.,2004, C60, m363. . W B Wright, G S D King. Acta Cryst., 1953, 6, 305. . A Kutoglu, C. Scheringer, Acta Cryst., 1983, C39, 232. . N K Singh, D. K. Singh, Synth. React. Inorg. Met.-Org. Chem. 2002,32(2), 203. . P Koczon; J Cz Dobrowolski, W Lewandowski, A P Mazurek.,J.Mol. Struct. 2003, 655, 89. . O Sala; N S Goncc¸alves; L. K. Noda, J. Mol. Struct. 2001, 565(566), 411. . L A Carlson; J. Intern. Med. 258 2005, 4. . D Z Liu; K.Y. Gao, L.B. Cheng, Dyes Pigments 33 ,1997, 87. . M Karabacak; M. Cinar, M. Kurt, J.Mol. Struct. 2008, 885, 28. . M Karabacak; M. Kurt, Spectrochim. Acta A 2008, 71, 876. . M Kumar; R A Yadav. Spectrochimica Acta Part A 79,2011 . Priyanka Singh, N.P. Singh and R.A. Yadav; J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 2011, 3(1):737. . M J Frisch et al.; Gaussian 03, Revision C. 02, Gaussian, Inc., Wallingford, CT, 2004. . C. Moller; M.S. Plesset; Phys. Rev. 46, 1934, 618–622. . R Krishnan; M.J. Frisch; J.A. Pople; J. Chem. Phys. 72,1980, 271. . A.D. Becke; Phys. Rev. A 38,1988, 3098–3100. . C Lee; W Yang; R G Parr; Phys. Rev. B 37, 1988, 785–789. . J P Perdew; Y. Wang; Phys. Rev. B 45, 1992, 13244–13249. . A D Becke; J. Chem. Phys. 98, 1993, 5648–5652. . X Xu; W A Goddard III; PNAS 9, 2004, 2673–2677. . M K Bruska; J Piechota; Mol. Stimul., 2008, 34, 1041-1050. . S K Lin; Int. J. Mol. Sci., 2001, 2, 10-39. . M.Silverstein, G. Clayton, C. Morri, Spectroscopiuc Identification of Organic Compounds, John Wiley, New York, 1981. . E. B. Wilson, J.C. Decius, P.C. Cross, Molecular Vibrations, Dover Publ. Inc. New York, 1980.
Achchhe Lal, Devendra Kumar Singh "Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Vibrational Spectra of 6-fluoronicotinc Acid" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.46-51 2016
Successful CRM always starts with a business strategy, which drives the change in the organization and work processes, enabled by technology. Customer-Centric philosophy touches every point and more importantly every person in the organization. CRM has made a big impact in the world of Customer Service. Companies become customer-centric and use it as a competitive advantage.The advanced Technology hepls the organizations to stregnghten the ties with the customers. Customer Relationship Management is about people first and technology second. That‟s where the real value of CRM lies, harnessing the potential of people to create a greater customer experience, using the technology of CRM as the enabler. In this study we did the comparative analysis of CRM initatives taken by Indian industries like Retail, Telecommunications, Banking and life Insurance. We designed the model to capture the customers perspectives based on the parameters such as Customer Acquisition, Customer Expectation, Customer Satisfaction and Customer Retention. The research findigs shows that life insurance uses multi-prong strategy for customer acquisition & customers are having high expecations as well. Customers satisfication is highest in retail industry. The banking industry is having lowest score for the same.The Top players which are able to retain their customers are future retail, Idea cellular, HDFC bank ,ICICI Bank and ICICI Prudential life Insurance in retail, Telecom , banking and Life Insurance Industry respectively.
- Page(s): 52-59
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Shirin MujawarStudent RMD Sinhgad School of Management Studies, Warje, Pune, India
- Prof. Pravin BodadeAssistant Professor RMD Sinhgad School of Management Studies, Warje, Pune, India
. Pahuja Anurag & Verma Rajesh (2008), "Customer Relationship Management Need of the Hour", Marketing Mastermind, January. p.p. 26-29 . M. Hsieh, "A case of managing customer relationship management systems: Empirical insights and lessons learned," International Journal of InformationManagement, vol. 29, pp. 416-419, 2009. . K. Rababah, H. Mohd, and H. Ibrahim, "A Unified Definition of CRM towards the Successful Adoption and Implementation," in the 3rdLifelong Learning InternationalConference (3LInC'10), Kuala Lumpur-Malaysia, 2010. . Goldenberg, B. (2000), “What is CRM? What is an e-customer? Why you need them now”, in Proceedings of DCI Customer Relationship Management Conference, Boston, MA, 27-29June. . Gulati, R. and Garino, J. (2000), “Get the right mix of bricks & clicks”, Harvard Business Review,Vol. 78 No. 3, pp. 107-14. . Lin R, Yen D C. “Customer relationship management: an analysis framework and implementation strategies”. Journal of Computer Information Systems, No. 4, 2001, pp .82-97. . Winer R S. “A framework for customer relationship management”.California Management Review, Vol.43, No. 4,2001, pp. 89-105. . Qi Jiayin, Li Huaizu. “Analysing the systematic framework of CRM”.Industrial Engineering Journal, Vol.5, No. 1, 2002, pp.42-45.
Shirin Mujawar, Prof. Pravin Bodade "Comparative Study of CRM Initiatives in Retail, Telecommunication, Banking and Life Insurance Industry: A Customer Perspective" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.52-59 2016
Right from the advent of the World Wide Web, the applications of websites in several verticals has been very innovative and interesting. In recent times, there have been a lot of e-commerce websites that have been coming up with the promise of being able to deliver your required items right at your doorstep. This sector has seen several successful players like Flipkart and Amazon, groups with plenty of funding and looking forward to build a larger customer base. Due to this, the online market has been flooded with many offers and deals across several categories. But the general public is usually unaware of the same due to the sheer number of such websites and apps. With this project an Android based mobile application will be built which will pull all the relevant deals for them so they can be utilized before they expire.
- Page(s): 60-68
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Saurabh TyagiComputer Engineering Department, Fr. C. Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, India
- Saksham TalwarComputer Engineering Department, Fr. C. Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, India
- Prafull NikoseComputer Engineering Department, Fr. C. Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, India
- Swati KinhekarComputer Engineering Department, Fr. C. Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, India
 Coupon Raja - http://www.couponraja.in/  Coupon Dunia - http://www.coupondunia.in/  The Unified Modelling LanguageTM(http://www.uml.org)  Ionic Homepage - http://ionicframework.com/ Material Design based Ionic theme - https://ionicthemes.com/tutorials/about/google-plus-login-with-ionic-framework  GitHub repository of ng-maps - https://ngmap.github.io  Improvement in the performance of ionic applications – http://tombuyse.com/improving-the-performance-of-your-ionic-application/
Saurabh Tyagi, Saksham Talwar, Prafull Nikose, Swati Kinhekar "Android Based Ergonomic Coupon Aggregation and Handling" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.60-68 2016
Performing compute intensive task with minimal completion time along with predefined Quality of Service is one of the challenging issues in Real time multimedia processing. This can be achieved by cloud Mapreduce computational operations which perform parallel operations in Virtual machines. The problems addressed in this paper are the procurement problem which states the number of heterogeneous VMs to be procured to run Mapreduce program to complete the execution of jobs with minimal completion time and cost. The next problem is the placement problem where the laborers (Mapper/Reducer) have to be assigned to the available virtual machines in such a way they utilize even the residual resources available to meet the QoS. The paper proposes a Novel (PoHM) Procurement of Heterogeneous Machine algorithm which procures heterogeneous VMs to run Mapreduce based upon the requirements of the task needed to complete the execution. The highlight of the proposed work is, the residual resources of the already procures VMs are utilized before renting new VMs on demand which reduces the overall computational cost. Our proposed PoHM algorithm was enhanced with Best-Fit strategy (BFS) which proved around 39% better result when compared with Homogeneous algorithm, 17% better than RFS and 14% better than FFS algorithms.
- Page(s): 69-76
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Preetha Evangeline DDepartment of Computer Technology Anna University, Chennai, India
- Farzana Banu KDepartment of Computer Technology Anna University, Chennai, India
- Dr. Anandhakumar PalanisamyDepartment of Computer Technology Anna University, Chennai, India
- Cephas Paul EdwardDepartment of Computer Technology Anna University, Chennai, India
. J. Polo, C. Castillo, D. Carrera, Y. Becerra, I. Whalley, M. Steinder, J. Torres, and E. Ayguad, “Resource-aware adaptive scheduling for MapReduce clusters,” in Middleware 2011, ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011, vol. 7049, pp. 187–207. . F. Tian and K. Chen, “Towards optimal resource provisioning for running MapReduce programs in public clouds,” In Proc. IEEE 4th Int. Conf. Cloud Computing, 2011, pp. 155–162. . H. Herodotou, F. Dong, and S. Babu, “No one (cluster) size fits all: automatic cluster sizing for data-intensive analytics,” In Proc. ACM 2nd Symposium on Cloud Computing, 2011, p. 18. . M. AbdelBaky, H. Kim, I. Rodero, and M. Parashar, “Accelerating MapReduce analytics using CometCloud,” in Proc. IEEE 5th Int. Conf. Cloud Computing (CLOUD), 2012, pp. 447–454. . E. Hwang and K. H. Kim, “Minimizing cost of virtual machines for deadline-constrained MapReduce applications in the cloud,” in Proc. ACM/IEEE 13th Int‟l Conf. Grid Computing (GRID), 2012, pp. 130–138. . P. Lama and X. Zhou, “Aroma: Automated resource allocation and configuration of MapReduce environment in the cloud,” in Proc. ACM 9th Int. Conf. Autonomic computing, 2012, pp. 63–72. . M. Cardosa, A. Singh, H. Pucha, and A. Chandra, “Exploiting spatio-temporal tradeoffs for energy-aware mapreduce in the cloud,” IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 1737– 1751, Dec 2012. . K. Chen, J. Powers, S. Guo, and F. Tian, “Cresp: Towards optimal resource provisioning for mapreduce computing in public clouds,”, IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1403–1412, June 2014. . B. Palanisamy, A. Singh, and L. Liu, “Cost-effective resource provisioning for mapreduce in a cloud,”, IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1–1, 2014. . X. Xu and M. Tang, “A more efficient and effective heuristic algorithm for the MapReduce placement problem in cloud computing,”, In Proc. IEEE 7th Int. Conf. Cloud Computing, 2014, to be published. . W. Zhao, H. Ma, and Q. He, “Parallel k-means clustering based on mapreduce,” in Cloud Computing, ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, M. Jaatun, G. Zhao, and C. Rong, Eds. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009, vol. 5931, pp. 674–679. . A. Matsunaga, M. Tsugawa, and J. Fortes, “Cloudblast: Combining mapreduce and virtualization on distributed resources for bioinformatics applications,” in Proc. IEEE 4th Int. Conf. eScience, 2008, pp. 222–229. . Q. He, T. Shang, F. Zhuang, and Z. Shi, “Parallel extreme learning machine for regression based on mapreduce,” Neurocomputing, vol. 102, pp. 52 – 58, 2013. . M. Husain, L. Khan, M. Kantarcioglu, and B. Thuraisingham, “Data intensive query processing for large rdf graphs using cloud computing tools”, In Proc. IEEE 3rd Int. Conf. Cloud Computing, July 2010, pp. 1–10. . J. Wolf, D. Rajan, K. Hildrum, R. Khandekar, V. Kumar, S. Parekh, K.-L. Wu, and A. Balmin, “FLEX: A slot allocation scheduling optimizer for MapReduce workloads,” in Middleware 2010, ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Berlin Heidelberg,2010, vol. 6452, pp. 1–20. . M. Zaharia, A. Konwinski, A. D. Joseph, R. H. Katz, and I. Stoica, “Improving mapreduce performance in heterogeneous environments.” in OSDI, vol. 8, no. 4, 2008, p. 7. . S. Ibrahim, H. Jin, L. Lu, S. Wu, B. He, and L. Qi, “Leen: Locality/fairness-aware key partitioning for mapreduce in the cloud,” in Proc. IEEE 2nd Int. Conf Cloud Computing Technology and Science (CloudCom), Nov 2010, pp. 17–24. . H. Lin, X. Ma, J. Archuleta, W.-c. Feng, M. Gardner, and Z. Zhang, “Moon: Mapreduce on opportunistic environments,” In Proc. ACM 19th Int. Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, 2010, pp. 95–106. . H. Herodotou and S. Babu, “Profiling, what-if analysis, and costbased optimization of mapreduce programs,” In Proc. Int. Conf. VLDB Endowment, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 1111–1122, 2011. . J. Polo, D. Carrera, Y. Becerra, and M. Steinder, “Performancedriven task co-scheduling for MapReduce environments,” In Proc. IEEE Symp. Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS), 2010, pp. 373–380. . C. Bellettini, M. Camilli, L. Capra, and M. Monga, “Distributed ctl model checking in the cloud,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1310.6670, 2013. . S. Huang, J. Huang, J. Dai, T. Xie, and B. Huang, “The hibench benchmark suite: Characterization of the MapReduce-based data analysis,” in Data Engineering Workshops (ICDEW), 2010 IEEE 26th International Conference on. IEEE, 2010, pp. 41–51. . CPLEX, “IBM CPLEX Optimizer.” [Online]. Available: http://ibm.com/software/commerce/optimization/cplexoptimizer/ . Ganglia, “Ganglia monitoring system.” [Online]. Available: http://ganglia.sourceforge.net/ . Hadoop, “Hadoop releases.” [Online]. Available: http://hadoop.apache.org/releases.html . VMware, “VMware homepage.” [Online]. Available: http://www.vmware.com . J. Kang and S. Park, “Algorithms for the variable sized bin packing problem,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 365–372, 2003. . M. Stillwell, D. Schanzenbach, F. Vivien, and H. Casanova, “Resource allocation algorithms for virtualized service hosting platforms,” Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 962–974, 2010. . B. S. Baker, “A new proof for the first-fit decreasing bin-packing algorithm,” Journal of Algorithms, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 49–70, 1985. . H. Dyckhoff, “A typology of cutting and packing problems,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 145 –159, 1990. . K. Wang, B. Tan, J. Shi, and B. Yang, “Automatic task slots assignment in hadoop MapReduce,” In Proc. 1st Workshop Architectures and Systems for Big Data, ser. ASBD ‟11, New York, NY, USA, 2011, pp. 24–29. . J. Polo, Y. Becerra, D. Carrera, M. Steinder, I. Whalley, J. Torres, and E. Ayguade, “Deadline-based MapReduce workload management,” IEEE Trans. Network and Service Management, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 231–244, June 2013. . A. Verma, P. Ahuja, and A. Neogi, “pmapper: power and migration cost aware application placement in virtualized systems,” in Middleware 2008. Springer, 2008, pp. 243–264. .S. Lee, R. Panigrahy, V. Prabhakaran, V. Ramasubramanian, K. Talwar, L. Uyeda, and U. Wieder, “Validating heuristics for virtual machines consolidation,” Microsoft Research, MSR-TR-2011-9, 2011. . M. Monaci and P. Toth, “A set-covering-based heuristic approach for bin-packing problems,” INFORMS Journal on Computing, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 71–85, 2006. . M. Haouari and M. Serairi, “Heuristics for the variable sized bin-packing problem,” Computers and Operations Research, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 2877–2884, 2009. . S. Srikantaiah, A. Kansal, and F. Zhao, “Energy aware consolidation for cloud computing,” In Proc. 2008 Conf. Power aware computing and systems, vol. 10. San Diego, California, 2008. . B. Palanisamy, A. Singh, L. Liu, and B. Jain, “Purlieus: Locality-aware resource allocation for mapreduce in a cloud,” In Proc. 2011 Int. Conf. High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, ser. SC ‟11. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2011, pp. 58:1–58:11. [Online]. Available: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2063384.2063462. . A. Verma, L. Cherkasova, and R. H. Campbell, “ARIA: Automatic resource inference and allocation for MapReduce environments”. . K. Kc and K. Anyanwu, “Scheduling hadoop jobs to meet deadlines,” In Proc. IEEE 2nd Int. Conf. Cloud Computing Technology and Science (CloudCom), Nov 2010, pp. 388–392. . T. White, Hadoop: The Definitive Guide. O’Reilly Media, Inc., 2009.
Preetha Evangeline D, Farzana Banu K, Dr. Anandhakumar Palanisamy, Cephas Paul Edward "PoHM: A Novel Approach for Managing QoS in Live Transcoding using Cloud based Heterogeneous Map Reduce Model" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.69-76 2016
Optical wireless communication is a form of optical communication in which unguided visible, infrared (IR), or ultra violet (UV) light is used to carry a signal. Terrestrial point to point OWC systems, also known as the free space optical (FSO) system, operate at the near IR frequencies (750-1600nm). These systems typically use laser transmitters and after a cost- effective protocol- transparent link with high data rates, i.e. 10Gbit/s per wavelength. For long distance wireless optical communication data send from transmitter to receive in the form of packet. Here regenerative repeaters used as node for maintain the energy level of weak signal. These repeaters makes wireless mesh network. Here dijikstra algorithm used for finding the shortest path between transmitter and receiver. Simulation results are carried out by Dijkstra algorithm using MATLAB. The service parameters such as the delay and blocking probability of the designed wireless optical network are analyzed by simulation.
- Page(s): 77-84
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Pankaj SharmaDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak (Haryana) India, SCET, Mahendragarh, Haryana, India
- Anil PlaniyaDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak (Haryana) India, SCET, Mahendragarh, Haryana, India
. ―A review of communication-oriented optical wireless systems‖ Deva K Borah, Anthony C Boucouvalas, Christopher C Davis, Steve Hranilovic and Konstantinos Yiannopoulos EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012. . Ranjan, Nikhil, and Garima Krishna. "Wireless Sensor Network: Quality of Services Parameters and Analysis." In Proceedings of the Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems-2013. Atlantis Press, 2013. . Singh, Manish. "Efficient techniques for QoS based path computation and selection in differentiated service networks." In Broadband Communications, 2002. Access, Transmission, Networking. 2002 International Zurich Seminar on, pp. 15-1. IEEE, 2002. . C.V. Saradhi, S. Subramaniam, ―Physical layer Impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,‖ IEEE Communications Surveys& Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, Dec.2009. . Dijkstra's algorithm. Introduction to Algorithms (Second ed.), MIT Press and McGraw-Hill, pp. 595–601, 2001. . B. A. Forouzan, Data Communications and Networking, Fourth Edition McGraw Hill, 2007. . T. Li, L. Qi, and D. Ruan, ―An Efficient Algorithm for the Single-Source Shortest Path Problem in Graph Theory‖, Proc. of 3rd International Conference on Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 152-157, 2008. . B.Waxman,―Routing of Multipoint Connections―, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas of Communication, Vol. 6, No. 9, pp. 1617-1622 December 1988. . Kairanbay Magzhan, Hajar Mat Jani- ―A Review And Evaluations Of Shortest Path Algorithms‖. International journal of scientific & technology research volume 2, issue 6, june 2013. . Yagvalkya Sharma, Subhash Chandra Saini, Manisha Bhandhar,” Comparison of Dijkstra’s Shortest Path Algorithm with Genetic Algorithm for Static and Dynamic Routing Network‖ International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering 416.Available Online at www.ijecse.org. . Michael G. Kay-―Basic Concepts in Matlab‖ Fitts Dept. of Industrial and Systems Engineering North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-7906, USA email@example.com September 2010. . Stephen j .Chapman-second edition ―Matlab Programming For Engineers‖ updated series, bookware companies series. . Pascal Getreuer-―Writing Fast MATLAB Code‖ January 2006.
Pankaj Sharma, Anil Planiya "Shortest Path Finding of Wireless Optical Network using Dijkstra Algorithm and Analysis of Delay and Blocking Probability" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.77-84 2016
In designing Embedded System, withstanding communication between several different interfacing protocols which are attached to a single main processor is one of the challenging tasks. Also in industries, systems are becoming very complex. Industries system needs to test the site equipment and also environmental conditions so that it can track the state of system in real time. This is more relevant in real time data acquisition and control systems. Also designing and implementing the online embedded web server is challenging part. Popular serial interfacing protocols include: USB, SPI/SSP, CAN, Ethernet, etc., for communication between integrated circuits for low/medium data transfer speed with on board peripherals. The main quality in the designed circuit is using Real Time Operating System (RTOS) on ARM series 32-bit processors, MCB 2300. Compared with the normal ways to control and data acquisition, the device based on the embedded system offers better ability to modify it easily, with an overall design for reliability, durability and ease of installation. This paper explicates the hardware architecture and real time multitask software process based on RL-ARM Library. There are enormous use for such system in control and data acquisition systems. Especially, in network interfaces with various protocol layers, it can be used as a clever gateway or router and so forth.
- Page(s): 85-89
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- G. KirubakaranDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering, SRM University, India
- V. NatarajanDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering, SRM University, India
 Pau Marti, Manel velasco, Joseph M. Fuertes, Antonio Camacho, Giogio Buttzzo "Design of an Embedded control systems Laboratory Experiment" IEEE Transactions on industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 10, October 2010.  Gan Ping LEE, Ming LEE. “Networked Intelligent Controller Based on Embedded System”, The 30th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, busaan, korea, November2-6, 2004, pp.2942-2946  Wang Junbo, Zou Jijun. “The Design of USB Bus and CAN Bus Protocol Adaptor”. JOURNAL OF EAST CHINA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Wuhan, China. Vol.129 No13, Sep. 2006, pp.273-276.  T.D.Liu W.Tang and H.Jiang, “The Design of Industrial Ethernet Adapter Based On Ethernet/IP,” 4th International Conference on Computer Science & Education, pp.1239– 1241, 2009.  Yonghong HU, Lu DING and Tong YAO, “Designing and Implementing of Serial Ports to Ethernet Gateway on Embedded System,” Advanced Communication Technology, 2006. ICACT 2006. The 8th International Conference Volume 1, Issue , 20-22 Feb. 2006 pp.146-148  Ligong Zhou. ARM embedded system experiment course [M].Beijing, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics publishing house, 2004.  Theory on RS485, RS232 specs: http://rs485.com/rs485spec.html  MCB2140’s User Guide: http://infocenter.arm.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.arm.doc.kui0055a/mcb2140_wp_devstudio.htm  “Implementation of Modbus Communication Protocol Based on ARM Coretx-M0” published on 2014 IEEE International Conference on System Science and Engineering (JCSSE) by Kelong Wang, Daogang Peng, Lei Song, Hao Zhang.  LPC2141/42/44/46/48 product Datasheet.  RL ARM Guide: ARM Information Center… http://infocenter.arm.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.arm.doc.kui0062a/rlarm_default.htm.
G. Kirubakaran, V. Natarajan "Multi-Serial Interface Bridge" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.85-89 2016
With the invention of rotating machine, the motors are used in the industrial applications for the variety of tasks. The speed control is key issue in the control industry. The speed control can be done in various ways and for this purpose microprocessor, PC, microcontroller and PLA are used. Some places speed control and parameter change is necessary and in such cases the monitoring the various parameters is very essential. The simulation technique provides the better control implementation of the monitoring. For the automatic operation of the drive the FPGA is better choice with least cost. The FPGA provides better control characteristics with smaller space with proper design considerations. For control strategy the present research work highlight on the PWM scheme with FPGA. The expectation of the control is faster and accurate with least cost. The design of such expected control is possible through Controller, PLC, PLA, FPGA, etc. In the present research article the digital signals are generated by using the FPGA. The FPGA signals have the control on the pulse width which is used for firing of the inverter. The inverter supplies the power to the drive as per the variation of the PWM. Single phase induction motor control using the simple PWM technique is possible. The complete data acquisition system is presented for control of the drive speed. The efficiency of the drive is also calculated and represented.
- Page(s): 90-93
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Mukesh PayakDepartment of Electronics, Vivekananda Global University, Jaipur, India
- S. R. Kumbhar2Department of Electronics, Willingdon College, Sangli , Maharashtra, India
. Lesan S., Shepherd W., ‘Control of Wound Rotor Induction Motor with Rotor Impedance’, IEEE, Toronto, Canada, Oct. 1993, pp. 2215 – 2221. . B. K. Bose, Adjustable Speed AC drives, A technology status review, Proc. IEEE, Vol. 70, No. 2, pp 116 - 135, Feb. 1984. . Davey K. R., ‘Analytic Analysis of Single and Three Phase Induction Motors’, American Electromechanics, 1998, pp. 150-163. . M. G. Ioannides, Design and implementation of PLC based monitoring control system for induction motor, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. ,vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 469-476, Sep. 2004. . Okoli F.I, Onubogu J.O, Okezie C.C, Okorogu V.N, ‖The Simulation of the Control of an Industrial Mixer using PLC’’ International Journal of Inventive Engineering and Sciences (IJIES) ISSN: 2319–9598, Volume-1, Issue-2, January 2013,25. . Zhang L., Wattahanasarn C., Harddn F., ‘An Efficient Microprocessor Based Pulse Width Modulator Using Space Vector Modulation Strategy’, Departmental Research Report No. 524, University of Bradford, Oct. 1993, pp. 1-11. . F. Filippetti, G. Franceschini, C. Tassoni, and P. Vas, A. I. techniques in induction machines diagnosis including the speed ripple effect, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. no. 1, pp. 98–108, Jan./Feb. 1998.
Mukesh Payak, S. R. Kumbhar "FPGA Based PWM Control of Induction Motor Drive" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.90-93 2016
All optical XOR, AND, OR and NAND gates based on cross-phase modulation. It accomplishes error-free performance at 10 Gb/s and the receiver sensitivity presents for a bit-error rate of 10-9 is below -15.0 dBm. The designing parameters of these gates are more accurate and sensible if we utilize the non-linear characteristics of fiber like Cross gain modulation (XGM).
- Page(s): 94-97
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Pinkey GuptaPG scholar, Department of Electronics & Communication Jaipur Engineering College, Jaipur, India
. kai Sun, Martin Rochette, Member, IEEE, and Lawrence R. Chen Jifang Qiu,"Reconfigurable All-Optical Multilogic Gate (XOR, AND, and OR) Based on Cross-Phase Modulation in a Highly Nonlinear Fiber," IEEE photonics technology letters, vol. 22, no. 16, pp. 1199-1201, august 2010. . C. Yu, L. Christen, T. Luo, Y. Wang, Z. Pan, L. S. Yan, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical XOR gate using polarization rotation in single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 1232–1234, Jun. 2005. . Ajoy Ghatak K. Thyagarajan, FIBER OPTIC ESSENTIALS. Hoboken, New Jersey: A John wiley & sons, 2007. . D. M. F. Lai, C. H. Kwok, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Picosecond all-optical logic gates (XOR, OR, NOT, and AND) in a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” in Proc. OFC’08, San Diego, CA, Paper OML6. . Darpan Gupta , Neeraj Maurya Geeta Saini, "Effect on WDM due to Cross Phase Modulation," International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 141-146, 2012 . Halina Abramczyk, Dispersion phenomena in optical fibers, Technical University of Lodz, Laboratory of Laser Molecular Spectroscopy. . Jifang Qiu, Kai Sun, Martin Rochette, Member, IEEE, and Lawrence R. Chen, Senior Member, IEEE Reconfigurable All-Optical Multilogic Gate (XOR, AND, and OR) Based on Cross-Phase Modulation in a Highly Nonlinear Fiber . Jing Wang, Gianluca Meloni, Gianluca Berrettini, Luca Pot`ı, and Antonella Bogoni”all optical Clocked flip flops and binary counting operation using SOA – Based SR latch and logic gate”, 1077-260X © 2010 IEEE . Martin T. Hill, H. de Waardt, H.J.S. Dorren,”fast all optical flip flop using coupled Mach-Zehnder Interferometer” Department of Electrical Engineering, EH 12.33, Eindhoven University of Technology, PO. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.E.Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. . Osamu Aso, Masateru Tadakuma and Shu Namiki “Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Fibers and Its Applications”, WP Team, Opto-technology Lab., R & D Div, www.scribd.com.
Pinkey Gupta "Designing of All Optical XOR, AND, OR and NAND Gate based on Cross-Phase Modulation in HNLF" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.94-97 2016
Carpooling (also car-sharing, ride-sharing, lift-sharing), is the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car. By having more people using one vehicle, carpooling reduces each person's travel costs such as fuel costs, tolls, and the stress of driving. Carpooling is seen as a more environmentally friendly and sustainable way to travel as sharing journeys reduces carbon emissions, traffic congestion on the roads, and the need for parking spaces. Authorities often encourage carpooling, especially during high pollution periods and high fuel prices.
- Page(s): 98-102
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Utkarsh SinghStudent, Department of Computer Engineering Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
- Deepak ShindeStudent, Department of Computer Engineering Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
- Tushar SanapStudent, Department of Computer Engineering Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
- Nilesh PatilStudent, Department of Computer Engineering Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
- Prof. Rahul JadhavAssistant Professor, Department of Computer Engineering Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
. www.wikipedia.com . http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Frances-BlaBlaCar-drives-into-India/articleshow/45878176.cms . www.blablacar.in . http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/pollution/vehicular-pollution-in-india-2118-words/19796/ . http://developer.android.com/training/volley/index.html . https://developers.google.com/cloud-messaging/gcm . https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/android-api/ . https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/directions/intro . jeffreysambells.com/2010/05/27/decoding-polylines-from-google-maps-direction-api-with-java . https://developers.google.com/places/android-api/autocomplete . http://javapapers.com/android/android-location-using-gps-network-provider . https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_geocoding
Utkarsh Singh, Deepak Shinde, Tushar Sanap, Nilesh Patil, Prof. Rahul Jadhav "Mobile Application for Carpool System" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.98-102 2016
The Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs) have been in existence for more than 30 years and an integral part of Software Defined Radio, sensor applications and other potential applications. This paper discusses about the implementation of ADC using the Pulse Width Modulation (PWM). The technique of PWM requires a reference signal to be compared with sampled analog input signal to generate Pulse Width Modulated Signals. The main advantage of such ADC is the extension to multiple simultaneous sampling. Application is for building a cheap ADC in a microcontroller based system. These ADCs also feature fast response and low latency, making them ideal for measuring a single input or multiple inputs in biomedical applications.
- Page(s): 103-107
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- S.SulochanaAssistant Professor, Department of ECE Dr. Sivanthi Aditanar College of Engg, Tiruchendur, Tamil Nadu, India
- S. BeulaAssistant Professor, Department of ECE Dr. Sivanthi Aditanar College of Engg, Tiruchendur, Tamil Nadu, India
. Black Harold S and J. O. Edson."Pulse code Modulation" American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Transactions of the 66.1 (1947): 895-899. . Bodson, Marc, et al. "High-performance nonlinear feedback control of a permanent magnet stepper motor." Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on 1.1 (1993): 5-14 . C. Kitchin, L. Counts, A Designer’s Guide to Instrumentation Amplifiers 2nd Edition, Analog Devices, 2004, p. 7.1. . D.Grahame Holmes, Thomas A. Lipo, Pulse Width Modulation for Power Converters: Principles and Practice, Wiley-IEEE Press, October 2003, p. 95. . Fogelman, E., et al. "A 3.3-V single-poly CMOS Audio ADC delta-sigma modulator with 98-dB Peak SINAD and 105-dB peak SFDR.‖ IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits 35.3 (2000):297-307. . J. S. Walling and D. J. Allstot, ―Pulse-width modulated CMOS power Amplifiers,‖IEEE Microw. Mag., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 52–60, Feb. 2011. . K. Hausmair, S. Chi, P. Singerl, and C. Vogel, ―Aliasing-free digital pulse width modulation for burst-mode RF transmitters,‖ IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 415–427, Feb. 2013. . Yang, David XD, Boyd Fowler, and Abbas El Gamal. "A Nyquist-rate pixel-level ADC for CMOS image sensors." IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 34.3 (1999): 348-356. . Z. Song and D. V. Sarwate, ―The frequency spectrum of pulse width modulated signals,‖ Signal Process., vol. 83, no. 10, pp. 2227–2258, Oct. 2003. . Walt Kester, Analog-digital conversion, Analog Devices, March 2004, p.5-27 . W.Leonhard, ―Control of Electrical Drives‖, Berlin, Heidelberg-Germany, 1985.
S.Sulochana, S.Beula "VLSI Implementation of ADC Using Aliasing Free Pulse Width Modulation" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.103-107 2016
This paper describes the project of Facial expression recognition based on local binary patterns . There are many channels or ways of conveying human emotions like behaviours, actions, poses, facial expressions and speech. Facial expressions have a higher importance as they can be easily recognized. In this project, we are working on a system which can automatically recognize the emotions represented on a face. With the help of image processing, the system can classify between the universal emotions: Happiness, Sadness, Anger, Disgust, Surprise and Fear. Automatic facial expression analysis is an interesting and challenging problem which impacts important applications in many areas such as human-computer interaction and data driven animation. Deriving effective facial representative features from face images is a vital step towards successful expression recognition. In this paper, we evaluate facial representation based on statistical local features called Local Binary Patterns (LBP) for facial expression recognition. Simulation results illustrate that LBP features are effective and efficient for facial expression recognition. A real-time implementation of the proposed approach is also demonstrated which can recognize expressions accurately at the rate of 4.8 frames per second.
- Page(s): 108-111
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- Deepak SaxenaMangalayatan University, Aligarh, India
- Anil KumarMangalayatan University, Aligarh, India
- Rajesh Kumar UpadhyayMangalayatan University, Aligarh, India
. G. Zhao and M. Pietikainen, “Dynamic texture recognition using local binary patterns with an application to facial expressions,” Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 915–928, 2007. . M. Valstar, I. Patras, and M. Pantic, “Facial action unit detection using probabilistic actively learned support vector machines on tracked facial point data,” in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition - Workshops, 2005. CVPR Workshops. IEEE Computer Society Conference on, june 2005, p. 76. . R. E. Schapire and Y. Freund, “Boosting the margin: a new explanation for the effectiveness of voting methods,” The Annals of Statistics, vol. 26, pp. 322–330, 1998. . N. R. Howe, “A closer look at boosted image retrieval,” in In ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications. Springer-Verlag, 2003, pp. 61–70. . P. Viola and M. J. Jones, “Robust real-time face detection,” International Journal of Computer Vision, vol. 57, pp. 137– 154, 2004. . X. Feng, M. Pietikinen, and A. Hadid, “Facial expression recognition based on local binary patterns,” Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, vol. 17, pp. 592–598, 2007. . S. Liao, W. Fan, A. Chung, and D.-Y. Yeung, “Facial expression recognition using advanced local binary patterns, tsallis entropies and global appearance features,” in Image Processing, 2006 IEEE International Conference on, oct. 2006, pp. 665 –668. . C. Shan, S. Gong, and P. W. McOwan, “Facial expression recognition based on local binary patterns: A comprehensive study,” Image and Vision Computing, vol. 27, pp. 803 – 816, 2009. . M. Lyons, J. Budynek, and S. Akamatsu, “Automatic classification of single facial images,” Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1357 –1362, dec 1999. . D. S. Bolme, J. R. Beveridge, M. Teixeira, and B. A. Draper, “The csu face identification evaluation system: Its purpose, features and structure,” in In International Conference on Vision systems. ICVS, 2003, pp. 304–311.
Deepak Saxena, Anil Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Upadhyay "Facial Expression Recognition Based On Local Binary Patterns Using BBO" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.108-111 2016
In this paper, the neuromuscular diseases are classified into Myopathy, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Normal persons by extracting wavelet features from dominant Motor Unit Action Potential (MUAP). Initially, the electromyography (EMG) signal is preprocessed by three techniques namely, sampling, normalization and band pass filtering. The selection of dominant MUAP is done by dividing the preprocessed EMG signal into several frames using windowing technique and evaluating the energy associated with each frame. Among all frames, the frame which has the highest energy content is selected as the dominant MUAP. Wavelet features of dominant MUAP are obtained using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). Statistics over the set of wavelet features are extracted to reduce the dimensionality. For the classification purpose, first k-nearest neighbor classifier is used and its performance is evaluated. Further, to improve the performance, Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier is used. The performance of the proposed method is measured in terms of specificity, sensitivity and total classification accuracy.
- Page(s): 112-118
- Date of Publication: 15 April 2016
- J.DefinoP.G. Scholar, M.E. Applied Electronics, St. Xavier’s Catholic College of Engineering, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil-629003, Tamil Nadu, India
- S. Mary VasanthiAssistant Professor, Department of ECE, St. Xavier’s Catholic College of Engineering, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil-629003, Tamil Nadu, India
. Andrade A.O., Nasuto S., Kyberd P., Reed C.M.S. and Kanijn F.R.V. (2006), ‘EMG signal filtering based on empirical mode decomposition’, Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Vol.1, pp.44-55. . Christodoulou C.I. and Pattichis C.S (1999), ‘Unsupervised pattern recognition for the classification of EMG signals’, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol.46, No.22, pp.169-178. . Devi B.V.A. and Priyadharsini S. (2013), ‘Diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders using soft computing techniques’, Vol. 3, Issue 5, pp.105-111. . Doborowolski A.P.WierzbowskiM. andTomczykiewicz K. (2010), ‘Wavelet analysis for support vector machine classification of motor unit action potentials’, IEEE, pp.4632-4635. . Englehart K., Hudgins D., Parker P.A. and Stevenson M. (1999), ‘Classification of the myoelectric signal using time-frequency based representations’, Medical Engineering and Physics, Vol.21, pp.431-438. . Fattah S.A. and Zhu W. (2013), ‘Identification of Motor Neuron disease using wavelet domain features extracted from EMG signal’, IEEE, pp.1309-1311. . Guler N.F. and Kocer S. (2005), ‘Classification of EMG signals using PCA and FFT’, Journal of Medical Systems, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp.241-250. . Katsis C.D., Exarchos T.P., Papaloukas C., Goletsis Y., Fotiadis D.I. and Sarmas I. (2007), ‘A two-stage method for MUAP classification based on EMG decomposition’, Computers in Biology and Medicine, Vol.37, pp.1232-1240. . Katsis C.D., Goletsis Y., Likas A., Fotiadis D.I. and Sarmas I. (2006), ‘A novel method for automated EMG decomposition and MUAP classification ’, Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Vol.37, pp.55-64. . Kaur N. and Singh T. (2010), ‘Statistical technique for classification of MUAPs for neuromuscular diseases’, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 1, No.2, pp.8-11. . Nikolic M. (2001), ‘Detailed analysis of clinical electromyography signals EMG decomposition, findings and firing pattern analysis in controls and patients with myopathy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis’. . Parsaei H. and Stashuk D.W. (2013), ‘EMG signal decomposition using motor unit potential train validity’, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Vol.21, No.2, pp.265-274. . Parveen and Duhan M. (2012), ‘Comparative study of different EMG signal decomposition techniques’, International Journal of Engineering, Science and Metallurgy, Vol.2, No.3, pp.717-719. . Pattichis C.S. and Pattichis M.S. (1999), ‘Time-Scale analysis of motor unit action potentials’, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Enginering, Vol. 46, No.11, pp.1320-1329. . Rasheed S., Stashuk D.W. and Kamel M.S. (2007), ‘A hybrid classifier fusion approach for motor unit potential classification during EMG signal decomposition’, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol.54, No.9, pp.1715-1721. . Ren X., Huang H. and Deng L. (2009), ‘MUAP classification based on wavelet packet and fuzzy clustering technique’, IEEE, pp.01-04. . Subasi A. (2012), ‘Classification of EMG signals using combined features and soft computing techniques’,Applied Soft Computing, Vol.12, pp.2188-2198. . Subasi A. (2012), ‘Medical decision support system for diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders using DWT and fuzzy support vector machines’, Computers and Biology and Medicine, Vol.42, pp.806-815. . Subasi A. (2013), ‘Classification of EMG signals using PSO optimized SVM for diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases’, Computers and Biology and Medicine, Vol.43, pp.576-586. . Subasi A., Yilmaz M. and Ozcalik H.R. (2006), ‘Classification of EMG signal using wavelet neural network’, Journal of Neuroscience Methods, Vol.156, pp.360-367. . Doulah A. B. S. M. U., Fattah S. A. and Zhu W. P. (2014), ‘Wavelet domain feature extraction scheme based on dominant motor unit action potential of EMG signal for neuromuscular disease classification’, Vol.8, No.2, pp.155-164.
J.Defino, S. Mary Vasanthi "Classification of Neuromuscular Diseases using Dominant MUAP Based on Wavelet Domain Features and Improving Its Accuracy using SVM" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.3 issue 4, pp.112-118 2016