Social Mobility and Employment of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in India

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume I, Issue I, January 2017 | ISSN 2454-6186

Social Mobility and Employment of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in India

Dr. M. Kranthikumar1, M. Kalyankumar2

  1Department of Anthropology, S. V. University, Tirupati
2Assistant Professor of English, S. V. College of Engineering, Tirupati

I. INTRODUCTION

Scheduled Castes were one of the groups which were most back word .The basic determinants of Scheduled Caste status were untouchability and impure occupation. Other determinants were their low economic, political and educational conditions.Given the structural limitation of the ritual barrier for social mobility, Scheduled Cates have had to rely upon the principles of democracy and secularism in free India.

Employment is perhaps the most important among them. It is mainly through employment that were has been social mobility among scheduled Castes, which is manifested in Changed Family, marriage, religion and leader ship structures as well as emancipation of members of these castes. One thus expects a great deal of social economic and cultural change to have taken place among Scheduled Castes. However,it is a task for sociologists and other social scientists to examine from time to time the extent of change and obstacles to such desired changes. In this context a question may be raised has occupational mobility significantly contributed to social mobility among scheduled Castes? This paper tries to examine these questions .In this context a question may be raised has occupational mobility significantly contributed to social mobility among scheduled Castes? This paper tries to examine these questions. In the organized sector, Scheduled Castes are employed in government and public sector undertakings. Scheduled Caste leaders’ relief from unsympathetic and oppressive administration, facilaitation of the utilization of opportunities and readier access to benefits. Further government work is regarded as a source of prestige for both the individual and the group.With the world population moving towards towns and cities, urbancentres are increasingly becoming more and more important. In India with urban population growth rising to 30 percent(approximately), India can no longer be described as a land of villages .The volume of empirical research done on the Indian urban society is much less than that of on rural society Often the importance of urban centers is either minimized or in them. Second, many have considered such basic institutions as caste and joint family as essentially rural even if they occur in cities fortunately there is now an increasing awareness among sociologists of the fact that India has had urban centers.

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