Volume V Issue IV

Smart and Intelligent Line Follower Robot with Obstacle Detection

M. Sri Venkata Sai Surya, K. Bhogeshwar Reddy, K. Pavan Kalyan, S. Senthil Murugan – April 2018 Page No.: 01-06

Line follower is a intelligent robot which detects a visual line embedded on the floor and follows it. The path is predefined and can be either visible like a black line on a white surface with a high contrasted color or the path can be a complex such as magnetic markers or laser guide markers. In order to detect these lines various sensors can be employed. Generally, infrared Sensors are used to detect the line which the robot has to follow. The robot movement is automatic and can be used for long distance application. Line follower can be modified by giving obstacle detection capability to it. If any object is placed on the path then a normal line follower will try to push the obstacle and hence it gets damaged. By using ultrasonic sensor, the line follower can detect an obstacle and can stop till the obstacle is removed. This type of robots can perform lot of tasks in industries, like material handling. These robots can be used as automated equipment carriers in industries replacing traditional conveyer belts. They also have domestic application and one of the interesting application of this line follower robot is in health care management. As this smart line follower robot has obstacle detection capability it will not be damaged easily as it stops it motion till the obstacle is removed or till the path is changed. This ability of the robot increases it application especially in industries because obstacles are common in any workplace and if the robot is not able to detect the obstruction it will get damaged so this gives an added advantage wherever this intelligent line follower is used.

Page(s): 01-06                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 April 2018

 M. Sri Venkata Sai Surya
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur. Chennai – 603203. India

 K. Bhogeshwar Reddy
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur. Chennai – 603203. India

 K. Pavan Kalyan
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur. Chennai – 603203. India

 S. Senthil Murugan
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur. Chennai – 603203. India

[1]. Inteligent Line Follower Mini-Robot System Román Osorio C., José A. Romero, Mario Peña C., Ismael López-Juárez, International Journal of Computers, Communications & Control Vol. I (2006), No. 2, pp. 73-83.
[2]. Development and Applications of Line Following Robot Based Health Care Management System by Deepak Punetha, Neeraj Kumar, Vartika Mehta, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2013.
[3]. HC¬SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor Elijah J. Morgan Nov. 16 2014.
[4]. SIMPLE DELIVERY ROBOT SYSTEM BASED ON LINE MAPPING METHOD EndrowednesKuantama, Albert Brian Lewis Lukas and Pono Budi Mardjoko Electrical Engineering, Universities PelitaHarapan, Jl. M.H. Thamrin Boulevard, Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang Indonesia.
[5]. Obstacle Avoiding Robot By Faiza Tabassum, Susmita Lopa, Muhammad Masud Tarek & Dr. Bilkis Jamal Ferdosi, Global Journal of Researches in Engineering.
[6]. Two Wheels Balancing Robot with Line Following Capability NorManiha Abdul Ghani, FaradilaNaim, Tan Piow Yon, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering Vol:5, No:7, 2011.
[7]. OBSTACLE AVOIDING ROBOT – A PROMISING ONE Rakesh Chandra Kumar1 , Md. Saddam Khan2 , Dinesh Kumar3 ,Rajesh Birua4 ,Sarmistha Mondal5 , ManasKr. Parai6
[8]. Design and implementation of RGB color line following robot GADHVI SONAL PUNIT RANINGA HARDIK PATEL, Proceedings of the IEEE 2017 International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC)
[9]. Colak, I., Yildirim, D.,”Evolving a Line Following Robot to use in shopping centers for entertainment”, Industrial Electronics, 2009. IECON ’09. 35th Annual Conference of IEEE,pp.3803 – 3807,3-5 Nov. 2009

M. Sri Venkata Sai Surya, K. Bhogeshwar Reddy, K. Pavan Kalyan, S. Senthil Murugan “Smart and Intelligent Line Follower Robot with Obstacle Detection” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.01-06 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/01-06.pdf

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A Cloud Based Natural Hazard Detection and Warning System
Nishanth A,Vanmathi C – April 2018 – Page No.: 07-12

Though there are several advancements in technology, only a very few of them are concentrated on predicting and detecting natural disasters such as Earthquake, Tsunami and etc. But using technology in these areas would save lives by warning people about the disaster at an earlier time and will be very helpful. The existing methodologies are capable of detecting and measuring the intensity of disasters during the time of happening. A conclusion can be derived that it fails to warn people at the right time and the recordings were just used for statistical purposes. On the other hand, if a system is developed for the same; it is not recognized and not implemented in real time due to lack of awareness and other reasons such as the cost of installation, etc. Hence, theobjective is to come up with a cost effective device which can detect natural disasters and should be implementable at any remote area.

Page(s): 07-12                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 April 2018

 Nishanth A
School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, India

 Vanmathi C
School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, India

[1] Takaki Iwata (2013). Daily Variation inEarthquake Detection Capability: A Quantitative Evaluation, Intechinwata license, http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54890.
[2] CholatipYawut and SathapathKilaso (2011). A Wireless Sensor Network for Weather and Disaster Alarm Systems, International Conference on Information and Electronics Engineering IPCSIT vol.6 IACSIT Press, Singapore.
[3] Antonio Emolo, Matteo Picozzi, Gaetano Festa, Claudio Martino, SimonaColombelli, Alessandro Caruso, Luca Elia, Aldo Zollo, PieroBrondi, Nicola Miranda (2016). Earthquake early warning feasibility in the Campania region (southern Italy) and demonstration system for public school buildings, Springer Science + Business Media Dordrecht.
[4] Tsair-Chun Liang, Jia-Feng Ho, Po-Tsung Wu (2017). A wireless tilt sensor based on plastic optical fiber and Arduino board microcontroller. Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
[5] SwapnilSayanSaha, Shekh Md. Mahmudul Islam, AninditaMashsharat (2016). Microcontroller Based Earthquake Detection System for Spontaneous Cut-off of Domestic Utility Lines for Safety Measures, 9th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering.
[6] Angela Saraò, Marco Clocchiatti, Carla Barnaba, and David Zuliani (2016). Using an Arduino Seismograph to Raise Awareness of Earthquake Hazard through a Multidisciplinary Approach, Seismological Research Letters Volume 87, and Number 1 January /February 2016.
[7] Zhuoxiong Sun, Shirley J. Dykea, Francisco Penab, Alana Wilbee (2017). Development of Arduino Based Wireless Control System, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems.
[8] Gulbanu Buribayevaa, Taizo Miyachia, Azamat Yeshmukhametova, Yutaro Mikami. (2015) An Autonomous Emergency Warning System based on Cloud Servers and SNS. 19th International Conference on Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems. Elsevier, Science Direct.
[9] Mrs.Grace John, Athira P I, 3Sreedevi K (2015). Tsunami Detection system, International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends, Volume 2, Issue 12, December-2015, pp. 1153-1157.
[10] V.Ramya, B.Palaniappan (2011). An Automated Tsunami Alert System, International Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications (IJESA) Vol.1, No.2, December.
[11] S. Stramondo a, C. Bignami b, M. Chini c, N. Pierdicca b and A. Tertulliani (2013). Satellite radar and optical remote sensing for earthquake damage detection: results from different case studies, International Journal of Remote Sensing Vol. 27, No. 20, 20 October 2006, 4433–4447.
[12] IrfanDwigunaSumitra, RongtaoHou, and Sri Supatmi (2017). Design and Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks for Flood Detection in Indonesia, Springer International Publishing AG 2017 X. Sun et al. (Eds.): ICCCS 2017, Part I, LNCS 10602, pp. 313–325, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68505-2_27.
[13] Elizabeth Basha, Daniela Rus (2007). Design of Early Warning Flood Detection Systems for Developing Countries, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA, IEEE.
[14] Joy J. Labo, Eric E. Floresca, Larry E. Gracilla (2016). Development of Flood Warning System, Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 6, Issue 1, (Part – 6) January 2016, pp.57-64.
[15] Jirapon Sunkpho and Chaiwat Ootamakorn (2011). Real-time flood monitoring and warning system, Article in Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology

Nishanth A,Vanmathi C “A Cloud Based Natural Hazard Detection and Warning System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.07-12 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/07-12.pdf

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IOT Based Biometric System
Pratik Rahood, Prof. R U Shekokar – April 2018 – Page No.: 13-15

This paper deals with face detection and fingerprint scanning for an attendance recorder system for the purpose of maintaining attendance details of the students. Student’s faces and fingerprints are pre stored in class databases. Raspberry pi camera capture the student face and compared to database image if it is matched means that student attendance register with time. The record will be stored to online database. The Raspberry Pi is a credit card sized single computer or SoC uses ARM1176JZF-S core. System on a Chip is a method of placing all necessary electronics for running a computer on a single chip. Raspberry Pi needs an Operating system to start up. In the aim of cost reduction, the Raspberry Pi omits any on-board non-volatile memory used to store the boot loaders, Linux Kernels and file systems as seen in more traditional embedded systems. Rather, a SD/MMC card slot is provided for this purpose. After boot load, as per the application program Raspberry Pi will get execute.

Page(s): 13-15                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 April 2018

 Pratik Rahood
Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, RMD Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, India

 Prof. R U Shekokar
A.P., Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, RMD Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, India

[1]. Yohei KAWAGUCHI , Tetsuo SHOJI ,Weijane LIN ,Koh KAKUSHO ,Michihiko MINOH ,’Face Recognitionbased Lecture Attendance System, Department of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University,pp. 1-5.
[2]. Naveed Khan Balcoh, M. Haroon Yousaf, Waqar Ahmad and M. Iram Baig ,”Algorithm for Efficient Attendance Management: Face Recognition based approach”,IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 9, Issue 4, No 1,pp. 146-149, July 2012.
[3]. Neelesh S Salian,Priyank Patel,Shrenik Shah ,Kavita Sonawane , “Automated Attendance System using Fuzzy Logic and Content based Image Retrieval”,International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 37– No.12 pp. 17- 20,, January 2012.
[4]. Quratulain Shafi, Javaria Khan, Nosheen Munir, Naveed Khan Baloch, “Fingerprint Verification over the Network and its Application in Attendance Management”, 2010

Pratik Rahood, Prof. R U Shekokar “IOT Based Biometric System ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 13-15 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/13-15.pdf

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Weighing Type Rain Gauge with Weather Monitoring System

Rajkumar.R, Prof.Vanmathi.C – April 2018 Page No.: 16-20

Weather is a state of the atmosphere that it is cold or hot, dry or wet, stormy or quiet and cloudy or clear. Generally weather defines the day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity. Meanwhile climate is a term that is the average atmospheric conditions over a period of time. Weather is assumed to mean the earth’s weather when used without qualification. Observing the weather circumstances manually is difficult. But the system proposed in my paper is an advanced solution for measuring rainfall in a specified area and monitoring the weather conditions at a particular place and make the information visible anywhere in the world. This system contains three sensors to measure weather conditions such as temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, altitude, light intensity. And also this system contains Load cell to calculate the rain fall magnitude. All the sensors and load cell connected with Arduino board. This microcontroller is used to get all the sensor values and Using Ethernet shield we can send all the sensor values to the web server. Thingspeak server is used to store all the sensor values in the online. We can download XL sheet from Thingspeak website that will hold all the sensor values. Thingspeak server automatically plot graph for all the sensor values with respect to time.

Page(s): 16-20                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 April 2018

 Rajkumar.R
School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
 Prof.Vanmathi.C
School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Sarmad Nozad Mahmood and Forat Falih Hasan “Design of Weather Monitoring System Using Arduino Based Database Implementation”. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST). Vol. 4 Issue 4, April – 2017.
[2]. Amber Katyal , Ravi Yadav , Manoj Pandey, “Wireless Arduino Based Weather Station”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 5, Issue 4, April 2016.
[3]. Kondamudi Siva sai ram and A.N.P.S.Guptaproposed IoT based data logger system for weather monitoring system using wireless networks. Internet Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) – Feb 2016.
[4]. Nashwa El-Bendary, Mohamed Mostafa M. Fouad, Rabie A. Ramadan, Soumya Banerjee and Aboul Ella Hassanien, “Smart Environmental Monitoring Using Wireless Sensor Networks”,K15146_C025.indd, 2013.
[5]. Bulipe Srinivas Rao1, Prof. Dr. K. Srinivasa Rao, Mr. N. Ome , “Internet of Things (IOT) Based Weather Monitoring system”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (IJARCCE) – ISO 3297:2007 Certified.
[6]. H. Yang, Y. Qin, G. Feng and H. Ci “storage and leakage based on wireless sensor networks”, IEEE Sensors J., vol. 13, no. 2, pp.556 -562 2013 and Temperature Transmitter 3008-40-V6., [online] Available.
[7]. V.Lakshmi Priya,P.Venkatesh, Monica Pandey, P.Gowthami, N.B.Jilani “Weather Monitoring System Using Internet of Things (IOT)”. – SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering– (ICEEMST’17) – Special Issue- March 2017.
[8]. Akash, Amit Birwal, “IoT-based Temperature and Humidity Monitoring System for Agriculture”. – International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJIRSET) July 2017.
[9]. S. Tozlu, M. Senel, W. Mao and A. Keshavarzian “Wi-Fi enabled sensors for internet of things: A practical approach”, IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 6, pp.134 -143 2012.
[10]. https://store.arduino.cc/usa/arduino-ethernet-shield-2

Rajkumar.R, Prof.Vanmathi.C “Weighing Type Rain Gauge with Weather Monitoring System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.16-20 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/16-20.pdf

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Study of Discharge Variations with Increased Impermeable Cover – A Case Study of Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam
G.Venkata Rao, M.Leela Priyanka, K.Raghavendra, Md.Sirajuddin – April 2018 – Page No.: 21-26

The analysis of the change in the flood run-off phenomena due to urbanization of the drainage basin is an important problem in the actual flood control project. As with all aspects of the water cycle, the interaction between precipitation and surface runoff varies according to time and geography. In the present study the runoff is estimated with existing surface layers. The imperious surface area is 37325.362 m2 and the surface discharge is 14250.823 m3. The study is also focused on how much amount of discharge increases with increase of every 5% impermeable cover. The increased discharge with impermeable is 14% for 10-20% ,27% for 35-50% and 36% for 75-100%.The ground slopes of the VIIT Study area is prepared by using Arc GIS technique.

Page(s): 21-26                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 April 2018

 G.Venkata Rao
Department of Civil Engineering VIIT, Duvvada, Visakhapatnam, India

 M.Leela Priyanka
Department of Civil Engineering VIIT, Duvvada, Visakhapatnam, India

 K.Raghavendra
Department of Civil Engineering VIIT, Duvvada, Visakhapatnam, India

 Md.Sirajuddin
Department of Civil Engineering VIIT, Duvvada, Visakhapatnam, India

[1]. Bedient, P.B. and Huber. W.C. (1992): Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis. Massachusetts: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
[2]. Ward, A.D and Trimble S. W. (2003): Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition. CRC Press
[3]. Arnold pacey with Adrian Cullis (1986) RAINWATER HAVERSTING,The collection of rainfall and run-off in rural areas. Intermediate Technology Publications, IT publications, UK.
[4]. Water Resources Engineering”, mays L. W., Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, (2013)
[5]. Maladies water and sanitary authority; (2005);” a pilot study conducted in LAAMU ATOLL GAN”
[6]. B.C. Punmia, pande B.B. Lal, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kumar Jain (2009), “Irrigation and water power engineering”, 16th edition, Laxmi publication 113, Golden house, Daryaganj, New delhi-110002, India.
[7]. Shittu O.I, okareh O.T and Coker A.O;(2015), “Development of Rainwater harvesting Technology For Securing Domestic Water Supply In Ibadan, Nigeria” In International Research Journal Of Engineering Science, Technology And Innovation(IRJESTI), volume 4(1), 2015.
[8]. Agarwal, A. And Narain, S. (1997) Dying Wisdom: Rise, fall and Potential of India’sTraditional Water Harvesting Systems, Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi.
[9]. Brar, T.S. (2002), ‘Urban Planning and Development Strategies With Respect To WaterResources in Patiala’, Guru Ramdass School of Planning, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar

G.Venkata Rao, M.Leela Priyanka, K.Raghavendra, Md.Sirajuddin “Study of Discharge Variations with Increased Impermeable Cover – A Case Study of Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.21-26 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/21-26.pdf

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Case Study on Telugu Thalli Flyover Visakhapatnam
K.Srinivas, B.Brahmaiah, N.Anil Chand, NSS.Pawan Kalyan – April 2018 – Page No.: 27-29

According to the ground report only 20% of the total traffic volume at that area are utilizing the flyover and the remaining 80% of the traffic are using old roads. in order to utilize the flyover to the maximum extent certain diversions are required for the flyover at various junctions.
In this present case study of Visakhapatnam flyover i.e TELUGU THALLI flyover, we calculate the traffic volumes on the flyover and roads below it by conducting traffic studies Estimate the traffic movement directions at various intersections and produce a traffic flow map of the roads. With the help of obtained data we suggest certain diversions to the flyover at specific junctions which have dynamic traffic movement
.

Page(s): 27-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 April 2018

 K.Srinivas
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Vizag, India

 B.Brahmaiah
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Vizag, India

 N.Anil Chand
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Vizag, India

 NSS.Pawan Kalyan
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Vizag, India

[1]. Ahmed Al.Kaishy, Younghan Jung and Hesham Rakha. (2005), “Developing Passenger Car Equivalency Factors for Heavy Vehicles during Congestion”. Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 131, No. 7, pp. 514-523.
[2]. Andrew P. Tarko, Rafael I. Perez –Cartagena, “Variability of a Peak Hour Factor at Intersections”, Submitted for presentation at the 84 nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January 9- 13, 2005, Washington D.C.
[3]. Arkatkar, S.S. (2011), “Effect of Intercity Road Geometry on Capacity under Heterogeneous Traffic Conditions Using Microscopic Simulation Technique”, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, ISSN 0974-5904, Volume 04, No 06 SPL, October 2011, pp. 375-380.
[4]. Basu, D., Maitra, S.R. and Maitra, B. (2006), “Modelling passenger car equivalency at an urban midblock using stream speed as measure of equivalence”, European Transport Trasporti Europei, Vol. 34, pp. 75-87.

K.Srinivas, B.Brahmaiah, N.Anil Chand, NSS.Pawan Kalyan “Case Study on Telugu Thalli Flyover Visakhapatnam ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 27-29 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/27-29.pdf

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Effect of Waste Foundry Sand as Partial Replacement of Sand on Acid Resistance of Binary Blended Concrete using Metakaolin

Syed Jawwad Ahmed, Mohd Nazim Raza – April 2018 Page No.: 30-33

Metal foundries use large amounts of sand as part of the metal casting process. Waste Foundry sand is a waste material. The degradation of concrete sewer pipes by sulphuric acid attack is also a problem of global scope. The idea is to minimise this degradation while keeping it as economic as possible. In an effort to use the WFS in large volume, research has being carried out for its possible large scale utilization in making concrete as partial replacement of fine aggregate. The present work is focussed on the study of the effect of various percentages of WFS on durability (namely acid attack) of M30 grade concrete. To find the best combination of waste foundry sand and metakaolin to resist the sulphuric acid attack. Mix M10W10(Metakaolin 10%,waste foundry sand 10%) showed best resistance to acid attack. The decrease in compressive strength too was not drastic when compared to other mixes.

Page(s): 30-33                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 April 2018

 Syed Jawwad Ahmed
Department of Civil Engineering, MJCET, Hyderabad, India

 Mohd Nazim Raza
Department of Civil Engineering, MJCET, Hyderabad, India

[1]. Gurpreet singh, Rafat siddique, (2012) “Effect of waste foundry sand (WFS) as partial replacement of sand on the strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and permeability of concrete”, Construction and building materials 26.
[2]. Rafat siddique and El-Hadj Kadri, (2011) “Effect of metakaolin and foundry sand on the near surface characteristics of concrete”, Construction and building materials 25.
[3]. Rafat siddique and Gurpreet Singh, (2011) “The utilization of waste foundry sand in concrete manufacturing, , Construction and building materials 25.
[4]. Rafat siddique, Geert de schutter and Albert noumowe, (2009) “Effect of used foundry sand on the mechanical properties of concrete”, Construction and building materials 23.
[5]. Alok khanduri, (2010) “Properties of martar containing waste foundry sand”, civil engineering department, Thapar university, Patiala.
[6]. Ishatpreet kaur, (2006) “Mechanical properties of concrete incorporating foundry sand”, civil engineering department, Thapar university, Patiala.
[7]. R.N. Kraus , T.R. Naik, B.W. Ramme and Rakesh Kumar,(2009) “Use of foundry silica-dust in manufacturing economical self-consolidating concrete”, Construction and building materials 23.
[8]. Saveria Monosi, Daniela Sani and Francesca Tittarelli, (2010) “Used Foundry Sand in Cement Mortars and Concrete Production, The open waste management journal 3, 18-25.
[9]. J.M. Khatb, S. Baig, A Bougara, and C Booth, (2010), “Foundry sand utilization in concrete production”, Sustainable construction materials and technologies June 28-June 30.
[10]. D.Lawrence and M.Mavroulidou,(2009), “Properties of concrete containing waste foundry sand”, 11th International conference on environmental science and technology, Greece 3-5 September.

Syed Jawwad Ahmed, Mohd Nazim Raza “Effect of Waste Foundry Sand as Partial Replacement of Sand on Acid Resistance of Binary Blended Concrete using Metakaolin” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.30-33 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/30-33.pdf

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Output Response Analysis of Multiple Feedback Topology for High Gain Realization

Atsuwe, B.A, Kureve, D.T – April 2018 Page No.: 34-37

This paper considers the design of an eighth-order active-R bandpass filter using the multiple feedback (MFB) topology at a centre frequency ( ) of 40 kHz and quality factor (Q) of 25. The filter was simulated using multism work bench version 11.0 software. The simulated response characteristic of gain and bandwidth show that, the gain has an increasing from stage 1 to stage 4 with values of 29.76 dB to 109.89 dB while the bandwidth decreases from stage 1 to 4 with values of 1.71 kHz to 850 Hz signifying a very selective (low bandwidth) filter. Therefore making the filter suitable for high gain realization and highly selective filter. The roll-off however approached that of a single-pole third order filter instead of an eighth-order filter.

Page(s): 34-37                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 April 2018

 Atsuwe, B.A
Department of Science Education, College of Agricultural and science Education, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
 Kureve, D.T
Department of Electrical/Electronics, College of Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

[1]. Amah, A.N., Ahemen, I. and Atsuwe, B.A. (2014). A comparison of higher order Active Band pass R-filter Response with Equivalent Band-pass RC-filter Response at varying Q-factors. Circuit and Systems. 5, 229-237.
[2]. Attri, R.K. (2005) Practical Design Evaluation of Extremely Narrow Bandpass Filter Topologies. Instrumental Design Series (Electronics). www.slideshare-net/rkattri/practical-design-extremely-narrow-bandpass-filter-topologies
[3]. Elliot, R. (2000). Multiple Feedback Band pass filter. Elliott sound product. http//sound.weshost.com(Accessed 1 July, 2009).
[4]. Prabhat, U. Patil, K (2006): An Active Bandpass realization using Amplifier, old city publishing Inc. Vo. 1, Pp. 241-245.
[5]. Shinde, G.N., Patil, P.B.(2003): A Third-order Active-R filter with feedback Input signal, Sadhana, Vol. 28(6)1019-1026.
[6]. Jacob, J.M. (2003) Advanced AC Circuits and Electronics Principles and Applications. Cengage Learning, 150-152.
[7]. John, D., and Jose, N. (2004) Implementation of Sallen-Key and Multi-Feedback (MFB) Architecture for higher Order Butterworth Filters.University of Rhodes Island Publication.

Atsuwe, B.A, Kureve, D.T “Output Response Analysis of Multiple Feedback Topology for High Gain Realization” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.34-37 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/34-37.pdf

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A Gradient-Based Optimization Algorithm for Ridge Regression by Using R
Mayooran, Thevaraja – April 2018 – Page No.: 38-44

Ridge regression, or Tikhonov regularization (shrinkage) is a useful method for achieving both shrinkage and variable choice simultaneously. The main idea of Ridge regression is to use the L2 constraint in the regularization step. It has been used to several models in regression analysis such as kernel machines, smoothing sp lines, copula theory and multiclass logistic models. In this study, we discussed simple linear regression and ridge regression parameter estimations via the Gradient-Based Optimization Algorithm for Ridge Regression by Using R and we validate our result by using an example, a gradient-based optimization algorithm for Ridge Regression is the best method for data analysis.

Page(s): 38-44                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 April 2018

 Mayooran, Thevaraja
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Minnesota State University, Mankato, USA

[1]. Alice X. Zheng, Michael I. Jordan, Ben Liblit, and Alex Aiken. Statistical debugging of sampled programs. In Sebastian Thrun, Lawrence Saul, and Bernhard Scholkopf, editors, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 16. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2004.
[2]. Andreas Antoniou and Wu-Sheng Lu(2013),Practical Optimization: Algorithms and Engineering Applications, Springer Science + Business, Media, LLC.
[3]. Hao Zhang, Grace Wahba, Yi Lin, Meta Voelker, Michael Ferris, Ronald Klein, and Barbara Klein. Variable selection and model building via likelihood basis pursuit. Technical Report 1059, University of Wisconsin, Department of Statistics, Jul 2002.
[4]. P.Tseng. Convergence of a Block Coordinate Descent Method for Non differentiable Minimization. Journal of optimization theory and applications, 109(3):475{494, 2001.
[5]. T. Hastie, R. Tibshirani, and J. H. Friedman. The Elements of Statistical Learning. Springer, August 2001.
[6]. S. Sardy, A. Bruce, and P. Tseng. Block coordinate relaxation methods for nonparametric signal denoising with wavelet dictionaries. Technical report, Seattle, WA, 1998.
[7]. Yongdai Kim and Jinseog Kim. Gradient lasso for featureselection. In ICML ’04: Proceedings of the twenty-first internationalconference on Machine learning, page 60, NewYork, NY, USA, 2004. ACM Press

Mayooran, Thevaraja “A Gradient-Based Optimization Algorithm for Ridge Regression by Using R” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.38-44 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/38-44.pdf

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Impact of GST on the Indian Economy and Consumer Experience
Dr. Arekari Shanta, Prof. R. L. Nandargi – April 2018 – Page No.: 45-48

India’s biggest tax reform is now a reality. A comprehensive dual Goods and Services Tax (GST) has replaced the complex multiple indirect tax structure from 1 July 2017.The concept of GST was seen for the first time in 1999. On 8 August 2016, the Constitutional Amendment Bill for roll out of GST was passed by the Parliament, followed by ratification of the bill by more than 15 states and enactment of the bill in early September.
It is important to understand that GST is not a tax concession scheme where the government has reduced the tax rates and hence all the goods and services would become cheaper once GST is implemented. Government was attempting to fix a single Revenue Neutral Rate (RNR) on the goods and services so that the total tax revenue of the State and the Central Government remain the same. However, due to practical considerations and keeping in view the social conditions of India, four GST slabs have been set at 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% for different items or services. There is also a special rate for precious metals. The rate of 18% would however be applicable for most goods and services.

Page(s): 45-48                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 April 2018

 Dr. Arekari Shanta
Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies, SCOE, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Prof. R. L. Nandargi
Department of E & TC, IOT Hadapsar, Pune, Maharashtra, India

[1]. The Economic Times (2009) Featured Articles from The Economic Times.
[2]. Gst India (2015) Economy and Policy.
[3]. Mehra P (2015)Modi govt.’s model for GST may not result in significant growth push. The Hindu.
[4]. Sardana M (2005) Evolution Of E‐Commerce In India Part 3.
[5]. TRAI (2015) Highlights of Telecom Subscription Data as on 28th February.
[6]. Patrick M (2015) Goods and Service Tax: Push for Growth. Centre for Public Policy Research (CPPR).
[7]. SKP (2014) GST: Impact on the Telecommunications Sector in India.
[8]. : http://www.cbec.gov.in/resources…

Dr. Arekari Shanta, Prof. R. L. Nandargi “Impact of GST on the Indian Economy and Consumer Experience ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 45-48 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/45-48.pdf

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Effectiveness of Oral Motor Exercise on Speech Articulation and Production of Children with Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder

Patrick Ikani Egaga, Temitope Adebisi Amodu, Oluseyi Akintunde Dada – April 2018 Page No.: 49-52

This study investigated the effectiveness of oral motor exercise on speech sound production and articulatory coordination of children with orofacial myofunctional disorder. A sample of fourteen (14) children was randomly assigned to experimental and control group for the study. The pre-test, post-test control experimental design was used for the study. Eight (8) participants were in the experimental group, while six (6) participants were in the control group. The ages of the participants were between 4 and 12 years. The treatment exercise took six (6) weeks for the experimental group, while the control group was on word drills (conventional treatment).Data was collected using speech disorder diagnostic scale. The scale was validated by expertswith reliability co-efficient of .88 through an inter-rater procedure. The Data collected were analyzed using ANCOVA. Findings of the study indicated that oral motor exercise was significantly effective in the speech sound production and articulatory coordination of children with orofacial myofunctional disorder. Oral motor exercise was more effective on the articulation coordination,than on speech sound production. It was therefore recommended among others,that speech therapist should use oral motor exercise for children with orofacial myofunctional disorder, and be retrained on the use of combination of oral motor exercise and other speech therapy.

Page(s): 49-52                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 April 2018

 Patrick Ikani Egaga
Department of Special Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
 Temitope Adebisi Amodu
Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Child & Adolescent Unit, Oshodi/Yaba Lagos State, Nigeria
 Oluseyi Akintunde Dada
Department of Special Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

[1]. Arvedson, J., Clark, H., Frymark, T., Lazarus, C., Lof, G., McCauley, R. Mullen, R., Schooling, T., & Strand, E. (2003). The effectiveness of oral-motor exercises: An evidence-based systematic review. Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Boston.
[2]. ASHA. (2007). Evidence-Based Practice in Communication Disorders: An Introduction [Technical Report]. Available from www.asha.org/policy: Retrieved on May 31, 2010 from http://www.asha.org/docs/html/TR2004-00001-T1.html
[3]. Hanson, M. L., and Mason, R. M. (2003). Orofacial mycology: International Perspectives, Thomas, C. C. Springfield, I. L.
[4]. Lof, G. (2006). Logic, Theory and Evidence Against the Use of Non-Speech Oral Motor Exercises to Change Speech Sound Productions. Invited presentation at the National Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Miami, FL.
[5]. Lof, G. L. & Watson, M. (2008).Speech-Language Pathologist’s use of Non-speech Oral-Motor Drills: National Survey Results. Poster presented at the National Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.
[6]. Mason, R. A. (2005). Retrospective and prospective view of Orofacial myology.International Journal of Orofacial Myology, 31st November.
[7]. Overland, L. (2010). A sensory-motor approach to feeding.Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), 20(3), 60-64.
[8]. Prasse, J. & Kikano, G. (2009).An Overview of paediatric dysphagia. Clinical Pediatrics, 48(3), 247-251

Patrick Ikani Egaga, Temitope Adebisi Amodu, Oluseyi Akintunde Dada “Effectiveness of Oral Motor Exercise on Speech Articulation and Production of Children with Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.49-52 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/49-52.pdf

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Application of Preplanning of Motor Movements and Change of Psychology State in the Management of Stuttering Behaviour among Adolescents
Dr. Egaga, Patrick Ikani – April 2018 – Page No.: 53-56

Stuttering is a major non-fluent speech. It is characterized and therefore becomes manifest by intermittent blocks (prolongations) repetitions/hesitations. It is an enigmatic speech disorder capable of distorting communication and adversely inhibiting social interaction. This study explores the utilization of preplanning of motor movement and change of psychological state as potent instruments for the management of stuttering behavior in adolescents.

Page(s): 53-56                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 17 April 2018

 Dr. Egaga, Patrick Ikani
Department of Special Education, Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

[1]. Lu C., Chen C., Ning N., Ding G., Guo T., Peng D., Yang Y., (2010)The neural substrates for atypical planning and execution of word production in stuttering. Exp Neurol. 221:146e56.
[2]. Manning, W. & Beck, J. G. (2013). The role of psychological processes in estimates of stuttering severity. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 38 , 356–36.
[3]. Patricia M. Zebrowski, (2005) Ph.D., CCC-SLP, “Counseling People Who Stutter and Their Families,” The Journal of Stuttering Therapy, Advocacy & Research 1, no. 1 Speaking Fear | Stuttering Fear | – Psychology of Stuttering.””Speech Therapy for Stuttering – Is It For Everyone? (Part 1),” Stuttering Jack , n.d., http://stutteringjack.com/speech-therapy-for-stuttering-treatment-adults-part1/.
[4]. Speaking Fear | Stuttering Fear | – Psychology of Stuttering,” Stuttering Jack, n.d., http://stutteringjack.com/the-psychological-symptoms-of-stuttering_stammering/; Guitar, Stuttering: An Integrated Approach to Its Nature and Treatment , 16.
[5]. Wu J. C., Maguire G., Riley G., Lee A., Keator D., Tang C. (1997) Increased dopamine activity associated with stuttering. Neuroreport 1997;8:767e70.

Dr. Egaga, Patrick Ikani “Application of Preplanning of Motor Movements and Change of Psychology State in the Management of Stuttering Behaviour among Adolescents” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.53-56 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/53-56.pdf

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Effect of Stream Pollution on Well Water Contamination

Sona.M, Aswathi.P.R, Bhavia.K.K – April 2018 Page No.: 57-60

River Karimbana is a small multi-purpose reservoir in vatakara town in Calicut district, Kerala. This river had been used for washing, fishing, transportation, irrigation and other domestic uses by the people those who are living in the banks and the surrounded locality. Now a days the river is fund to be in the path of high level pollution due to various sources. The river water is seem to be black and producing high offensive odor and became a public nuisance to that locality. The well water from these local area is contaminated after this stream became polluted. So here we are conducting a study about this river and the well water contamination of this locality

Page(s): 57-60                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 April 2018

 Sona.M
Assistant professor, Civil Engineering Department, Mdit Ulliyeri, Kerala, India
 Aswathi.P.R
PG students, Civil Engineering, Department, Mdit Ulliyeri, Kerala, India
 Bhavia.K.K
PG students, Civil Engineering, Department, Mdit Ulliyeri, Kerala, India

[1]. Ashaar.M.M, Javed.I (2014) “Analysis of industrial wastewater in Aligarh city”
[2]. Badri.R.M, Hameed.A(2014) “Assessment of Water Quality in the Selected Sites on the Tigris River, Baghdad-Iraq”, International Journal of Advanced Research, vol 2.,1125-1131.
[3]. Behl.N, Nigam.V(2013), “Physico-Chemical Parameters For Testing Of Water- A Review”, IJPBS, vol 3.,523-527.
[4]. Fallah.H, Faraji.H(2015) “Characteristics of Effluent Wastewater in Hospitals of Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran”.
[5]. Fallah.H, Muhammadi.A.A(2012), “Investigation of hospital wastewater treatment plant efficiency in north of Iran during 2010-2011”,vol 7.
[6]. Hiremath.S.M, Murthy.K.N.S (2011),” Analysis of Water Quality Using Physico-Chemical Parameters Hosahalli Tank in Shimoga District, Karnataka, India”, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, vol 11.
[7]. Jawarneh. M, Shakhatreh.S(2014), “Evaluation of Wastewater Discharge from Hospitals in Amman –JORDAN”, International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences,vol 13.
[8]. Mulla.R.K, Bhosale.S.M(2016), “Water quality analysis and simulation of panchaganga river Using matlab”, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & ResearchTechnology, vol 3.
[9]. Raikar R.V, Sneha.M.K(2012), “Water quality analysis of Bhadravathi taluk using GIS – a case study” vol 2
[10]. Samatha .C.H, Sammaiah.C(2012), “Analysis ofwater quality using physico-chemical parameters in lower Manair reservoir of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh”,vol 3.
[11]. Schffe. B, Garcia S.N(2013) “Comparative analysis of effluent water quality from a municipal treatment plant and two on-site wastewater treatment systems”

Sona.M, Aswathi.P.R, Bhavia.K.K “Effect of Stream Pollution on Well Water Contamination” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.57-60 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/57-60.pdf

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On Commutatativity of Primitive Rings with Some Identities
B. Sridevi and Dr. D.V.Ramy Reddy – April 2018 – Page No.: 61-64

In this paper, we prove that some results on commutativity of primitive rings with some identities.

Page(s): 61-64                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 April 2018

 B. Sridevi
Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Ravindra College of Engineering for Women, Kurnool- 518002 A.P., India

 Dr. D.V.Ramy Reddy
Professor of Mathematics, AVR & SVR College of Engineering And Technology, Ayyaluru, Nandyal-518502, A.P., India

[1]. Gupta.R.N: A note on commutativity of Rings. The Math. Stu., 39 (1971), 184 – 186.
[2]. Giri. R.D. Rakhunde. R.R. and Dhoble A.R: On commutativity of non associative Rings, the Math. Stu, 61 (1-4), (1992), 149 – 152
[3]. Quadri. M.A., Ashraf. M. and Khan M.A : A commutativity condition for semiprime rings H. Bull Austral Math., Soc., 33(1986), 71-73.
[4]. Ram Awtar : A remark on the commutativity of certain Rings, Proc. Amar. Math. Soc., 41 (1973), 370 – 372
[5]. Herstein.I.N: A generalization of a theorem of Jacobson, Amar J.Math,73(1951),756-762.

B. Sridevi and Dr. D.V.Ramy Reddy “On Commutatativity of Primitive Rings with Some Identities” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.61-64 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/61-64.pdf

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Remonetisation and Its Impact on Organized Retail Stores in Karnataka
N.Srikanth Reddy, P.V.Raveendra – April 2018 – Page No.: 65-66

8th November 2017 marks one year of demonetisation and now can only be called as remonetisation as the cash availability has eased in terms of new notes flowing into the economy, however the short term after effects of demonetisation have impacted retail in terms of sales, footfalls etc. Both secondary and primary data were used to understand the events and effects of remonetisation. There were positive effects like fostering of digital economy and tamed inflation, but the major negative issue of liquidity and its effect on retail was studied using primary data. The short-term liquidity crunch lead to discrepancies in retail business activity was found to vary with the type of retail vertical. The impact of liquidity crunch on retail stores was found to have a mixed response.

Page(s): 65-66                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 April 2018

 N.Srikanth Reddy
Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies, RIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

 P.V.Raveendra
Head of the Department, Department of Management Studies, RIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

[1]. DIPP. (2017, june 16). Latest circulars. Retrieved from Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion: http://www.dipp.nic.in/sites/default/files/FDI_Circular_2016%282%29.pdf
[2]. Jakarta Post. (2017, August 9). Indonesia to maintain low inflation to boost consumer spending. Retrieved from The Jakarta Post: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/08/09/indonesia-to-maintain-low-inflation-to-boost-consumer-spending.html
[3]. Khaleej Times. (2015, October 2). UAE warns of security threats. Retrieved from Khaleej Times: https://www.khaleejtimes.com/nation/government/uae-warns-of-security-threats
[4]. Kit, T. S. (2016, December 2). Battered Malaysian ringgit keeps tumbling. Retrieved from channel news asia: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/business/battered-malaysian-ringgit-keeps-tumbling-5-key-questions-7652194
[5]. Mishra, P. (2017, November 6). The rise of the retail phoenix. Retrieved from http://www.livemint.com: http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/iuA1KU8I3WQPEcT8kViPDP/The-rise-of-the-retail-phoenix.html
[6]. Reuters. (2017, November 18). Demonetisation impact: Retail inflation hit two-year low in December. Retrieved from http://www.businesstoday.in: http://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/demonetisation-impact-retail-inflation-hit-two-year-low-in-december/story/244138.html

N.Srikanth Reddy, P.V.Raveendra “Remonetisation and Its Impact on Organized Retail Stores in Karnataka ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 65-66 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/65-66.pdf

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A Novel Approach for Integration of Solar-Wind Energy System Using MPPT Algorithm
R.Abinaya, M.Jagadeeshraja, V.Seenivasan – April 2018 – Page No.: 67-70

Amongst all the renewable resources, wind and solar are the most popular resources due to its ease of availability and its easy conversion into electricity. Each renewable resource uses DC/DC boost converter separately with MPPT control to generate power. The main objective of this work to meet out the power demand is reduced, the increase the additional load. In a hybrid systems, extracting a huge amount of energy from the wind and solar are possible by using MPPT technique. Many MPPT methods, like Perturb and Observe method, is the most popularly for its easy implementation and simple structure. In the proposed method, the concept behind this method is that observation of output power and its perturbation by changing the current or the voltage of hybrid operation. Maximum power point tracking accurately tracks the maximum power in a hybrid system using P&O method. The effectiveness of proposed MPPT algorithm done and implemented using MATLAB/SIMULINK.

Page(s): 67-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 April 2018

 R.Abinaya
II-YEAR-M.E-Embedded System Technologies, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

 M.Jagadeeshraja
Assistant Professor-Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

 V.Seenivasan
Assistant Professor-Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

[1]. Gwo-Ruey Yu and Chin-Wei Wu published a paper on “Maximum Power Point Tracking of Wind Energy Systems for Wide Range Operation”,(IEEE2014).
[2]. S. Chavan and R. Duba published a paper on “Maximum Power Point Tracking System for Wind Generator Using MATLAB”,(IEEE2015).
[3]. A. Abdullah and A.H.M. Yatim published a paper on “ A Study of Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms for Wind Energy System”,(IEEE2011).
[4]. Wensong Yu and Jason published a paper on “Design and Analysis of an MPPT Technique for Small-Scale Wind Energy Conversion Systems”,(IEEE2013).
[5]. S.F. Siraj and M.Z.AbMuin published a paper on “Modeling of DC-DC Converter for Solar Energy System Applications”,(IEEE2012).
[6]. Dr. VivekPandya and Mr. Siddharth Joshi published a paper on “Wind Photovoltaic Standalone System(IEEE2016).
[7]. Pavankumar Reddy and M. VenuGopalaRao published a paper on “Modelling and Simulation of Hybrid Wind Solar Energy System using MPPT”,(IEEE2015).
[8]. ChaitanyaMarisarla and K. Ravi Kumar “A Hybrid System Wind and Solar Energy System with Battery Energy Storage for an Isolated A Hybrid System” ,(IEEE2013).
[9]. E.U.V.V.MURALI VARAPRASAD and N. SRIHARISH published paper on “ A Novel Adaptive P&O MPPT Algorithm Considering Sudden Changes in the Irradiance ”,(IEEE2016)
[10]. Lakshmi. S and Vinod .s published a paper on “Design of DC – DC converter for hybrid Wind Solar Energy System ”,(IEEE2012).

R.Abinaya, M.Jagadeeshraja, V.Seenivasan “A Novel Approach for Integration of Solar-Wind Energy System Using MPPT Algorithm” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.67-70 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/67-70.pdf

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A Comprehensive Survey of Various Processor types & Latest Architecture
Harisha M.S, Dr. D. Jayadevappa – April 2018 – Page No.: 71-77

This technology survey paper covers application based Processors- ASIP, Processor based on Flynn’s classification which includes SISD, SIMD, MISD, MIMD, Special processors like Graphics processing unit (GPU), Physics processing unit (PPU), Digital signal processor (DSP), network processor, front end processor, co-processor and processor based on number of cores which includes- single core, multi core, multi-processor, hyper threading and multi core with shared cache processors.

Page(s): 71-77                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 April 2018

 Harisha M.S
Research Scholar, Jain University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

 Dr. D. Jayadevappa
Professor, Electronics Instrumentation, Dept., JSSATE, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

[1]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application-specific_instruction_set_processor
[2]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flynn%27s_taxonomy
[3]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SISD
[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SIMD
[5]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiprocessing
[6]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyper-threading
[7]. “Multicore Applications in Real Time Systems” Vaidehi M, T.R.Gopalakrishnan Nair.
[8]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graphics_processing_unit
[9]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physics_processing_unit
[10]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_signal_processor
[11]. “Network Processors” Douglas Comer
[12]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Front-end_processor
[13]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprocessor
[14]. https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Systolic%20array&item_type=topic
[15]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superscalar_processor
[16]. “Overview of recent supercomputers” Aad J. van der Steen
[17]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIMD

Harisha M.S, Dr. D. Jayadevappa “A Comprehensive Survey of Various Processor types & Latest Architecture ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 71-77 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/71-77.pdf

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A Navigation and Reservation based Smart Parking platform using IoT by Queuing Theory
Divya Pandey and Seema Hanchate – April 2018 – Page No.: 78-83

With liberalization of economy number of vehicle on the road have increased leading to illegal, unorganized parking behavior in at public place, private building, educational campus, corporate campus. our main objective to avoid this unorganized parking system, for this to avoid we can provide the intelligent parking system which can solved the real time problem of organized and unorganized parking, In this study we will develop a smart parking proposal using queuing theory approach which can be model the parking system as a queue and the evaluation parameter like wait time for user in a queue or in a system can be estimated. The parking space closest to the current location can be found using multiple server multiple queue system and optimizing the existing system for better user experiences.

Page(s): 78-83                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 April 2018

 Divya Pandey
SNDT WOMEN’S University, Mumbai, INDIA

 Seema Hanchate
SNDT WOMEN’S University, Mumbai, INDIA

[1]. J.-H. Shin, H.-B. Jun: A study on smart parking guidance algorithm, Transportation Research Part C, vol. 44, pp. 299–317, 2014
[2]. Chatzigiannakis, A. Vitaletti, A. Pyrgelis: A privacy-preserving smart parking system using an IoT elliptic curve based security platform, Computer Communications, vol. 89–90, pp. 165–177, 2016
[3]. L. Mainetti, L. Palano, L. Patrono, M. L. Stefanizzi: Integration of RFID and WSN Technologies in a Smart Parking System, 2014 22nd International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM), pp. 1-4, 1719 Sep 2014
[4]. Samaras, A. Arvanitopoulos, N. Evangeliou, J. Gialelis, S. Koubias, A fuzzy rule-based and energy-efficient method for estimating the free size of parking places in smart cities by using wireless sensor networks, 2014 IEEE Emerging Technology and Factory Automation (ETFA), pp. 1-5, 16-19 Sep 2014
[5]. R. E. Barone, T. Giuffrè, S. M. Siniscalchi, M. A. Morgano, G. Tesoriere, Architecture for parking management in smart cities, IET Intelligent Transport Systems, vol. 8-5, pp. 445–452, 2014
[6]. H. Wang, W. He, A Reservation-based Smart Parking System, The First International Workshop on Cyber-Physical Networking Systems, pp. 690-695, 2011.
[7]. A. O. Kotb, Y.C. Shen, X. Zhu, Y. Huang, I Parker—A New Smart Car-Parking System Based on Dynamic Resource Allocation and Pricing, IEEE Transactions On Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 17-9, pp. 2637-2647, Sep 2016
[8]. C. Lee, Y. Han, S. Jeon, D. Seo, I. Jung, Smart Parking System for Internet of Things, 2016 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE), pp. 263-264, 2016.
[9]. W. Cai, D. Zhang, Y. Pan, Implementation of Smart Parking Guidance System based on Parking Lots Sensors Networks, Proceedings of ICCT2015, pp. 419-425, 2015
[10]. T. N. Pham, M.-F. Tsai, D. B. Nguyen, C.-R. Dow, D.-J. Deng, A Cloud-Based Smart-Parking System Based on Internet-of-Things Technologies, Special Section On Emerging Cloud-Based Wireless Communications And Networks, vol. 3, pp. 1581-1591, 2015
[11]. Yanxu Zheng, S. Rajasegarar, C. Leckie, Parking Availability Prediction for Sensor-Enabled Car Parks in Smart Cities, 2015 IEEE Tenth International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP), pp. 1-5, Singapore, 7-9 April 2015
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[17]. Basavaraju S R. (2015) .Automatic Smart parking System using Internet of Things (IOT).International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 12, December 2015.
[18]. Suryady, Z., Sinniah, G. R., Haseeb, S., Siddique, M. T., and Ezani, M. F. M. (2014, November). Rapid development of smart parking system with cloud-based platforms. In Information and Communication Technology for The Muslim World (ICT4M), 2014 The 5th International Conference on (pp. 1-6). IEEE
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Divya Pandey and Seema Hanchate “A Navigation and Reservation based Smart Parking platform using IoT by Queuing Theory” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.78-83 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/78-83.pdf

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Wireless Power Transfer at Domestic Level Using an Induction Stove
Rekha Chander, Sneha Pattanaik, C.Cauveri, S.Senthilmurugan – April 2018 – Page No.: 84-87

The usage of domestic induction cookers has metamorphosed from fixed cooking areas to novel engineering concepts like wireless power transfer. This implies the use of an induction stove and coils to charge a device wirelessly. This can be put into effect both statically and dynamically. In this paper, we will probe into its usage for static transfer of power wirelessly. The prototype here consists of 2 inductor coils placed in contact with each other, such that one remains connected to the stove and the other coil connected to a variable load. Upon providing a supply voltage of 220V, a led hovered above the arrangement gets illuminated. The aim of this work is to evaluate this concept applied to domestic induction heating appliances, with special emphasis in analyzing the effects of introducing the multi-coil system with dissipative media.

Page(s): 84-87                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 April 2018

 Rekha Chander
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 Sneha Pattanaik
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 C.Cauveri
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 S.Senthilmurugan
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

[1] S. Kim, A. Tejeda, G. A. Covic, and J. T. Boys, “Analysis of mutually decoupled primary coils for IPT systems for EV charging,” in 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pp. 1–6,Sep. 2016.
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[22] B. Lenaerts and R. Puers, Omnidirectional Inductive Powering for Biomedical Implants, 1st ed. Delft, Netherlands: Springer, 2009.
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[24] M. Budhia, G. Covic, and J. Boys, “Design and optimization of circular magnetic structures for lumped inductive power transfer systems,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 3096–3108, Nov 2011.
[25] M. Budhia, G. Covic, J. Boys, and C.-Y. Huang, “Development and evaluation of single sided flux couplers for contactless electric vehicle charging,” in IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE 2011), 2011, pp. 614–621.
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Rekha Chander, Sneha Pattanaik, C.Cauveri, S.Senthilmurugan “Wireless Power Transfer at Domestic Level Using an Induction Stove” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.84-87 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/84-87.pdf

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A Compilation of Modern and Affordable Water Purification Systems for Rural Areas Constituting to Developing and Third World Countries
Prof. Abhi Mitra, Prof. Yashpal Shiyal, Meghal Rajani, Jeel Lakhani, Brijesh Dhameliya, Rutvik Patel – April 2018 – Page No.: 88-89

A brief exposure towards the present scenario of water in the world says that out of 100% water available, just 1% water could be used for day to day purposes out of which about 90% of the water tends to be polluted in nature. If we consider a scenario of a developing country like India where most of the food production is held via the source of agriculture, it becomes quite the requirement of using fertilizers and pesticides for efficient and large-scale production but then again using all this also tend to serve as a prime cause for pollution to all sorts of water resources present around the area in form of drainage surfaces, canals, and other irrigational facilities. The causes towards polluting water is like causing eutrophication, reduction on BOD, disturbing the odor and taste of water, increasing microbiological activities in water also disturbing the Ph levels of water and making the water hard therefore making the water insecure for day to day usage. Certain ways of making the water secure is reduction of all the parameters stated above but then the causes are so very wide spread and also to meet extreme food demands it has almost become impossible to reach out to close 100% purification rates. Reaching out to such problems it is quite obvious that with such doses of pollution it may happen that people may not be able to survive due to lack of purified water which isn’t feasible!!

Page(s): 88-89                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 April 2018

 Prof. Abhi Mitra
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Gujarat, India

 Prof. Yashpal Shiyal
UG Students, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Gujarat, India

 Meghal Rajani
UG Students, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Gujarat, India

 Jeel Lakhani
UG Students, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Gujarat, India

 Brijesh Dhameliya
UG Students, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Gujarat, India

 Rutvik Patel
UG Students, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Gujarat, India

[1]. Patel Diptesh K. (et.al), “DREAM VILLAGE- A CASE STUDY OF BAKROL VILLAGE”, IJAERD
[2]. Garg S.K., Water Supply Engineering: Environmental Engineering – 1
[3]. RutujaSomwanshi, (et.al), “Study and development of village as a smart village”, IJSER, Vol.7

Prof. Abhi Mitra, Prof. Yashpal Shiyal, Meghal Rajani, Jeel Lakhani, Brijesh Dhameliya, Rutvik Patel “A Compilation of Modern and Affordable Water Purification Systems for Rural Areas Constituting to Developing and Third World Countries ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 88-89 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/88-89.pdf

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Effects of Plyometric-Weight Training and Plyometric Training on Anaerobic Power and Muscle Strength in Male Volley Ball Players
T.N.Suresh, T.S.Veeragoudhaman, V.Vijayananth, S.Dinesh Kumar – April 2018 – Page No.: 90-96

Objective: To find out the effects of Plyometric– weight training and Plyometric training on anaerobic power and muscle strength in male volley ball players.
Study design: Study design: Experimental study, Study type: Comparative study, Sampling method: Simple random sampling, Sample size: 50 subjects (elite volley ball players)
Study settings: YMCA, Study duration:6weeks.
Intervention: Group A: 25 Volley Ball Players will receive Plyometric and weight training group (who received both Plyometric and weight training). Group B: 25 Volley Ball Players will receive Plyometric training group (who received only Plyometric training)
Outcome measures: 1) Vertical jump height, 2) 50 yard dash, 3) 1RM squat.
Results: Statistical analysis was done by using Paired‘t’ and independent ‘t’ test showed significant improvement in improving anaerobic power and muscle strength
Conclusion: It is concluded that there is statistically significant improvement in combined Plyomotric and weight training protocol can successfully be incorporated in a fitness training and conditioning program to improve anaerobic power and muscle strength in volley ball players

Page(s): 90-96                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 April 2018

 T.N.Suresh
Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India
 T.S.Veeragoudhaman
Vice Principal, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India
 V.Vijayananth
Assistant Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India
 S.Dinesh Kumar
Assistant Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Adams K, O’Shea KL & Climstein M. The effect of squat, plyometric and squat- plyometric training on power production. Journal of Applied Sports Science Research. 1992; 6(1); 36-41.
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T.N.Suresh, T.S.Veeragoudhaman, V.Vijayananth, S.Dinesh Kumar “Effects of Plyometric-Weight Training and Plyometric Training on Anaerobic Power and Muscle Strength in Male Volley Ball Players” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.90-96 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/90-96.pdf

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Occupational Stress and Women Nurses – A Study on Corporate Hospitals in Kerala
Dr. Hari. K – April 2018 – Page No.: 97-101

Life is nothing but a package of survival dispositions. Stress is something which make one feel sore. It creates unevenness and individual makes an effort to restore the state of steadiness. To do things faster and better with fewer people is the goal of many companies today. These lead to put too much pressure on employees. Stress is the flavor of life, without which life may get abridged to a mere vegetative existence. But stress, burnout, turnover, aggression and other unpleasant side effects can also occur. Stress may not be a threat to normal functioning but also be an opportunity for growth.

Page(s): 97-101                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 April 2018

 Dr. Hari. K
Assistant Professor, PG Dept. of Commerce and Research Centre, Mahatma Gandhi College, Kesavadasapuram, Kerala, India

References are not available.

Dr. Hari. K “Occupational Stress and Women Nurses – A Study on Corporate Hospitals in Kerala” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.97-101 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/97-101.pdf

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Microhardness and Corrosion Resistance of HVOF Sprayed NiCr Coating with SiC Addition
Arun Raphel, Lovin Varghese – April 2018 – Page No.: 102-104

High Velocity Oxy-Fuel (HVOF) thermal spraying technique is widely used in many industries to protect the components against erosion, corrosion and wear [1]. It produces coatings with low porosity, low oxide content, better density, better coating cohesive strength and bond strength than many thermal spray processes. Ni based alloy coating is widely used for enhancing the wear and corrosion resistance at higher temperatures. Even though NiCr alloy having excellent wear and corrosion resistant properties, it is not used as the primary material in the industry because of lower hardness in comparison to other materials (carbides and ceramics) [2]. But it was incessantly proved that Ni based alloy coating reinforced with additives giving good results in the field of erosion-corrosion resistance. Various hard phases used as reinforcing additives along with NiCrSiB are WC, Al2O3, Cr3C2, Cr2O3, TiC, TiO2, SiC, TiN etc [3]. In that respect, the addition of has SiC gained attention due to its higher hardness, wear and oxidation resistance and low cost.
In this work, the effect of addition of SiC particle on the micro hardness and corrosion resistance of NiCrSiB coating on mild steel substrate is discussed. The SiC added feed stock power was prepared by mechanical alloying and the coating was developed using HVOF technique. The microhardness and toughness of the coatings were measured using Vickers’s microhardness tester. Corroion resistance was measured using Potentiodynamic polarization test with 3.5% Nacl.

Page(s): 102-104                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 April 2018

 Arun Raphel
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Viswajyothi College of Engineering & Technology, Vazhakulam, Ernakulam- 686670, Kerala, India

 Lovin Varghese
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Viswajyothi College of Engineering & Technology, Vazhakulam, Ernakulam- 686670, Kerala, India

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[5]. Baskaran, S., V. Anandakrishnan and M. Duraiselvam (2014) Investigations on dry sliding wear behavior of in situ casted AA7075-TiC metal matrix composites by using Taguchi technique. Materials and Design, 60, 184–192.
[6]. Bayer, R. (2004) Mechanical Wear Fundamentals and Testing, Revised and Expanded. CRC Press.
[7]. Bhatia, R., H. Singh and B. S. Sidhu (2014) Hot corrosion studies of HVOF sprayed coating on T-91 boiler tube steel at different operating temperatures. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 23, 493–505.
[8]. Bhushan, B. and B. K. Gupta (1991) Handbook of Tribology: Material Coating and Surface Treatments, McGraw-Hill, New York.
[9]. Buckley, D.H. (1981) Surface Effects in Adhesion, Friction, Wear, and Lubrication. Tribology, New York: Elsevier
[10]. Buytoz, S., M. Ulutan, S. Islak, B. Kurt and O. Nuri Celik (2013) Microstructural and Wear Characteristics of High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) Sprayed NiCrBSi-SiC Composite Coating on SAE 1030 Steel. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 38, 1481–1491.
[11]. Cai, B., Y. F. Tan, L. He, H. Tan and L. Gao (2013) Tribological properties of TiC particles reinforced Ni-based alloy composite coatings. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China (English Edition), 23(6), 1681–1688.
[12]. Celik, O. N. (2013) Microstructure and wear properties of WC particle reinforced composite coating on Ti6Al4V alloy produced by the plasma transferred arc method. Applied Surface Science, 274, 334–340.
[13]. Chaliampalias, D., G. Vourlias, E. Pavlidou, S. Skolianos, K. Chrissafis and G. Stergioudis (2009) Comparative examination of the microstructure and high temperature oxidation performance of NiCrBSi flame sprayed and pack cementation coatings. Applied Surface Science, 255(6), 3605–3612.
[14]. Chawla, V., A. Chawla, D. Puri, S. Prakash and P. G. Gurbuxani (2011) Hot Corrosion & Erosion Problems in Coal Based Power Plants in India and Possible Solutions – A Review. Corrosion, 10(4), 367–385.
[15]. Chivavibul, P., M. Watanabe, S. Kuroda, J. Kawakita, M. Komatsu, K. Sato and J. Kitamura (2010) Effect of powder characteristics on properties of warm-sprayed WC-Co coatings. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 19(1-2), 81–88.
[16]. Cordon England, website
http://www.gordonengland.co.uk/tsc.htm.
[17]. Culha, O., C. Tekmen, M. Toparli and Y. Tsunekawa (2010) Mechanical properties of in situ Al2O3 formed Al–Si composite coating via atmospheric plasma spraying. Materials & Design, 31(1), 533–544.
[18]. Das, D., R. Balasubramaniam and M. N. Mungole (2002) Hot corrosion of carbon-alloyed Fe3Al-based iron aluminides. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 338(1–2), 24–32.
[19]. Ding, Y., T. Hussain and D. G. McCartney (2015) High-temperature oxidation of HVOF thermally sprayed NiCr–Cr3C2 coatings: microstructure and kinetics. Journal of Materials Science, 50(20), 6808–6821

Arun Raphel, Lovin Varghese “Microhardness and Corrosion Resistance of HVOF Sprayed NiCr Coating with SiC Addition ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 102-104 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/102-104.pdf

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Aural Beam Levitation Using the Concept of Acoustics

Pratyush Tripathi, Sayanth A. Kumar, Animesh Choubey, S.Senthilmurugan – April 2018 Page No.: 105-108

Acoustic waves will apply radiation powers and sort acoustic traps at focuses wherever these powers focalize permitting the levitation of particles of a decent change of materials and sizes through air, water or natural tissues. This can be of predominant significance for physical science, cell control, lab-on-a-chip inevitabilities, biomaterials, container less transportation and even the levitation of living things. Acoustic levitation could be a methodology for suspending matter in a very medium by mistreatment acoustic force per unit area from intense sound waves within the medium. Generally sound waves at supersonic frequencies will be accustomed levitate objects, so making no sound detected by the human ear.
In this paper (one dimensional) acoustic levitation are going to be bestowed a lot of closely. Acoustic waves square measure mechanical waves which will solely propagate through physical medium. These waves scatter on obstacles and transfer a number of their momentum on obstacles, making force. This force can even be seen as consequence of force per unit area and is comparatively tiny however it can become sufficiently giant to beat gravity force. typically waves with high intensities and frequencies in supersonic vary of spectrum square measure used (above twenty kHz) thus this method of levitation is quiet for human ears. Advantage of acoustic levitation compared to alternative mentioned techniques is that the proven fact that it’s no material limitation. electrical levitation as an example is most realizable with semiconductive materials.

Page(s): 105-108                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 April 2018

 Pratyush Tripathi
B.Tech Student, Department of Electrical And Electronics Engineering, SRM Institue of Science And Technology, Kattankulathur,Chennai,Tamil Naidu, India

 Sayanth A. Kumar
B.Tech Student, Department of Electrical And Electronics Engineering, SRM Institue of Science And Technology, Kattankulathur,Chennai,Tamil Naidu, India

 Animesh Choubey
B.Tech Student, Department of Electrical And Electronics Engineering, SRM Institue of Science And Technology, Kattankulathur,Chennai,Tamil Naidu, India

 S.Senthilmurugan
Asst.Professor, Department of Electrical And Electronics Engineering, SRM Institue of Science And Technology, Kattankulathur,Chennai,Tamil Naidu, India

[1] Bruus, H. Acoustofluidics 7: the acoustic radiation force on small particles. Lab Chip 12, 1014–1021 (2012)
[2] Realization of compact tractor beams using acoustic delay-lines .Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 014102 (2017); A. Marzoa), A. Ghobrial, L. Cox, M. Caleap, A. Croxford, and B. W. Drinkwater
[3] Holographic acoustic elements for manipulation of levitated objects. Asier Marzo , Sue Ann Seah, Bruce W. Drinkwater , Deepak Ranjan Sahoo, Benjamin Long & Sriram Subramanian. Nature Communications volume6, Article number: 8661 (2015)
[4] Foresti, D., Nabavi, M., Klingauf, M., Ferrari, A. & Poulikakos, D.Acoustophoretic contactless transport and handling of matter in air. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 110, 12549–12554 (2013).
[5] Hong, Z. Y., Xie, W. J. & Wei, B. Acoustic levitation with self-adaptive flexible reflectors. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 074904 (2011).
[6] Laurell, T., Petersson, F. & Nilsson, A. Chip integrated strategies for acoustic separation and manipulation of cells and particles. Chem. Soc. Rev. 36, 492–506 (2007).
[7] Laurell, T., Petersson, F. & Nilsson, A. Chip integrated strategies for acoustic separation and manipulation of cells and particles. Chem. Soc. Rev. 36, 492–506 (2007).
[8] Whymark, R. R. Acoustic field positioning for containerless processing. Ultrasonics 13, 251–261 (1975)

Pratyush Tripathi, Sayanth A. Kumar, Animesh Choubey, S.Senthilmurugan “Aural Beam Levitation Using the Concept of Acoustics” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.105-108 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/105-108.pdf

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Cumulating Test Paper Score based on Digital Image Processing using Python

Ch.Nagamani, Ch.Bhavya, G.Hema Sai Akhilaja, M.Dhruthi – April 2018 Page No.: 109-111

In order to solve the problem of handwritten score cumulating in test papers, we Enhance the implementation of test paper score cumulating system based on digital image processing on python programming platform. The whole experiment process includes image preprocessing, scoring place positioning and segmentation, character recognition. Summation of the marks & displaying of total marks will be also implemented. Compared with the manual summary of the scores, the test paper scores accumulation system achieves higher accuracy and reliability with high speed. The implementation is done using Python and the image processing would be done in Open CV.

Page(s): 109-111                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 April 2018

 Ch.Nagamani
B.Tech (CSE), Dhanekula Institute of Engineering and Technology, A.P., India.

 Ch.Bhavya
B.Tech (CSE), Dhanekula Institute of Engineering and Technology, A.P., India.

 G.Hema Sai Akhilaja
B.Tech (CSE), Dhanekula Institute of Engineering and Technology, A.P., India.

 M.Dhruthi
B.Tech (CSE), Dhanekula Institute of Engineering and Technology, A.P., India.

[1]. Realization of test paper score cumulating system based on digital processing bySiyu Hu, Hao Zhang, Yin Chen in 2017
[2]. Advantages and disadvantages of manual entry by Gregory Hamel
[3]. Detecting OpenCv contours by https://docs.opencv.org/tutorial_py_contours_begin.html
[4]. Handwritten Recognition using SVM, KNN and neural network by NA Hamid
[5]. Saving digits to excel sheet using PDFMiner by Yusuke Shinyama

Ch.Nagamani, Ch.Bhavya, G.Hema Sai Akhilaja, M.Dhruthi “Cumulating Test Paper Score based on Digital Image Processing using Python” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.109-111 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/109-111.pdf

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Improving the Service Level to Customers with Special Reference to Cement Industry in India
Manish Mohan Baral, Dr. Amitabh Verma, Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra – April 2018 – Page No.: 112-117

Service level is a scale to measure the performance of a system as well as it gives the percentage to which the goals can be achieved. This is used in supply chain management as well as in inventory management to measure the performance of inventory replenishment policies. Customer service level is an act of understanding and fulfilling the customer’s needs by providing and delivering professional, helpful, high quality service and assistance before, during, and after the customer’s requirements are met. It is meeting the needs and demands of any customer. In Cement industry the service level has a great role for improving the quality of services in whole supply chain process starting from the supplier to the end customers as per their expectations. Supply chain has competed operational role in inside the cement and conjointly in ore processing commodities firms since 2000. From the research the extent of advancement within the cement provide Chain Management (SCM) will facilitate Economic Development of India. Also supply Management has conjointly vie a vital role and contributed a great deal to the economy of our nation. A research was conducted to research but provision and supply chains unit implemented at intervals the cement factories in Republic of Asian country and what unit the long haul scopes for improvement at intervals the complete methodology. The cement industries area unit enjoying an important role in within the economic and social development of the countries. The cement business is chosen as our space of analysis as a result of our country Republic of India is second largest manufacturer of cements once China within the world

Page(s): 112-117                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 24 April 2018

 Manish Mohan Baral
Department of Management, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

 Dr. Amitabh Verma
2Department of Management, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

 Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra
Department of Management Studies, Central University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

[1]. Heizer and Render ―Supply chain management is the integration of the activities that procure materials and services, transform them into intermediate goods and final products and deliver them to the customers.
[2]. https://www.researchgate.net/post/Does_anyone_know_the_annual_consumption_of_concrete_in_the_world_and_also_in_India
[3]. https://www.ibef.org/industry/cement-india.aspx
[4]. Chopra, S. &Meindl, P. (2008). Supply Chain Management: Strategy, Planning and Operation, Pearsons Publication: New Delhi.

Manish Mohan Baral, Dr. Amitabh Verma, Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra “Improving the Service Level to Customers with Special Reference to Cement Industry in India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.112-117 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/112-117.pdf

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Design of Water Distribution Network for a Small Rural Area Using EPANET
Harshan K G, Keerthana L Madhu, Anjali A – April 2018 – Page No.: 118-122

With the tremendous growth of population, the demand for water also increases. In order to supply sufficient quantity of water, a good water distribution network is necessary. This current work utilizes software named EPANET to design a water distribution network for a small area in Vettom Panchayat and it is validated using Hardy Cross Method

Page(s): 118-122                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 April 2018

 Harshan K G
Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Keerthana L Madhu
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Anjali A
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), M DIT Ulliyeri, India

[1]. Arunkumar M. and Nethaji Mariappan V.E. (2011): ‘Water Demand Analysis of Municipal Water Supply Using Epanet Software’, International Journal on Applied Bioengineering, Vol. 5, No.1, pp. 8-19.
[2]. Asmelash Zewdu (2014): ‘Assessing Water Supply Coverage and Water Losses from Distribution System for Planning Water Loss Reduction Strategies (Case Study on Axum town, North Ethiopia)’, Civil and Environmental Research Journal, Vol. 6, No. 8, pp. 82-87.
[3]. Cross, H. (1936): ‘Analysis of flow in networks of conduits or Conductors’. Engineering Experiment Station, University of Illinois, Bulletin No. 286.
[4]. Epp R., and A.G. Fowler,(1970): ‘Efficient code for steady-state flows in networks’, J. Hydraulics Di v., Proc. Amer. Soc Civil Engineers, 96 (HYl), 43-56.
[5]. Harry E. Hickey (2008): ‘Water Supply System and Evaluation Methods’, Water Supply System, Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 1-146.
[6]. Jeppson, R. W., and A. L. Davis, (1976): ‘Pressure Reducing Valves in pipe Network Analysis’, ASCE Journal of the Hydraulic Division, 102(HY7):987.
[7]. Lewis A. Rossman (2000): ‘EPANET 2 User‘s Manual’, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Edition 1.
[8]. Martin, D.W. and Peters, G. (1963): ‘The application of Newton‘s method to network analysis by digital computer’.Journal of the Institute of Water Engineers, 17, 115-129.
[9]. Mc Corale and denial (1960): ‘Pipeline network flow analysis’ J, Mer water works association 41, 422 – 428 1949

Harshan K G, Keerthana L Madhu, Anjali A “Design of Water Distribution Network for a Small Rural Area Using EPANET” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 118-122 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/118-122.pdf

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Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME)

Laveena Vaz, Akshay Damani – April 2018 Page No.: 123-128

MSME is one of the emerging sector in India over the last 5 decades. It not only provides employment to the backward and rural areas but also helps in the growth of the economy at lower capital compared to the large industries. MSME helps in equitable distribution of national income and wealth by socio-economic development of the country
It contributes nearly 8% of GDP, 40% of the exports and 45% of the total manufacturing output. MSMEs produce wide and diverse range of products to meet the needs of not only of local markets but also global and international market
The MSMED (Micro; Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act was issued in 2006 to address the problems or hassles faced by the MSMEs. The Act also notifies tthe coverage and investment ceiling MSME. The main purpose of the act is to develop these enterprises and also increase their competitiveness. The Act defines the scope and role of Micro, Small & Medium enterprises which comprises both service entities and manufacturing entities.
It also has the establishment of funds for the developmnet, promotion and enhancement of the competitiveness of these enterprises. The act has effective mechanisms for solving or mitigating the issues of delayed payments to Small and micro enterprises. It also has a statutory consultation mechanism at the national level.
The ministry of Small Scale Industries and the Ministry of the Agro and Rural Industries were merged to become the Ministry of micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on 9th May 2007. The Ministry designs programmes, projects, policies and schemes for the development of the MSMEs and helps them to progress by monitoring their schemes and policies. The main work of enhancement and development of MSME is the work of the State Government. However the central government supplements the efforts of the state government through various schemes.

Page(s): 123-128                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 April 2018

  Laveena Vaz
Pacific University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

 Akshay Damani
Pacific University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

[1]. articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com august 2nd 2013 (DIPP secretary to head Inter-Ministerial Committee)
[2]. business.mapsofindia.com (SEZ features and facilities)
[3]. economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/startups/budget-2016-
[4]. Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Organization) Government of India.msme.gov.in/
[5]. msme.gov.in/Accelerating%20Manufacturing
[6]. Khadi and Village Industries Commission, Government of India (KVIC)kvic.org.in
[7]. kpmg.com/…/IssuesAndInsights/
[8]. msme.gov.in/guidelines_pmegp_24092008.pdf
[9]. Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Special Economic Zones in India)sezindia.nic.in/about-fi.asp
[10]. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)nsic.co.in/
[11]. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Commerce & Industry
[12]. Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)

Laveena Vaz, Akshay Damani “Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.123-128 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/123-128.pdf

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Fabrication of Lowcost Saltspray Chamber For Testing Corrosion Resistance of Materials
Sathish Kumar.M, Dineshbabu.S.S, Deepan Suriyaa.M.P, Bharathkumar.T – April 2018 – Page No.: 129-131

The main aim of this project is to design and fabricate low cost salt spray testing machine which is able to identify the corrosion formation in any type of metals; from this testing process we can improvise the life span of the particular metal. A motorbike has a paint coated footrest made of stainless steel, so this part when comes in contact with atmosphere nearly after a year it is corroded so if salt spray testing machine is used at this point can found out that for additional coating of paint, whether it will withstand up to longer duration likewise, this process can be analysed. This salt spray testing machine is fabricated for low cost and the stainless steel grade 316L is tested and analysed

Page(s): 129-131                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 April 2018

 Sathish Kumar.M
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Dineshbabu.S.S
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Deepan Suriyaa.M.P
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Bharathkumar.T
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Robert M. Reese Appl. No.: 791,886 Filed: Apr. 28, 1977
[2]. Corrosion properties of active screen plasma nitrided 316 austenitic stainless steel C.X. Li, T. Bell [2003]
[3]. Study of stainless steels corrosion in a strong acid mixture. Part 2: anodicselective dissolution, weight loss and electrochemical impedancespectroscopy tests TizianoBellezze, Giampaolo Giuliani, AnnamariaViceré, Gabriella Roventi[2017]
[4]. A microclimate model to simulate neutral salt spray testing for corrosioninhibitor evaluation and functional coating development F.F. Chena, M. Breedona, E.D. Sapperb, W. Ganthera, D. Laua, I. Colec [2017]
[5]. Salt spray fog ageing of hybrid composite/metal rivet joints forautomotive applications V. Fiore, L. Calabrese, E. Proverbio , R. Passari , A. Valenza[2017]
[6]. Comparative study of the effect of halloysitenanocontainers on autonomiccorrosion protection of polyepoxy coatings on steel by salt-spray tests Elena Shchukinaa, Dmitry Grigorievb, Tatyana Sviridovac, Dmitry Shchukina [2017]
[7]. Influence of gas nitriding on erosion of aisi 316l austenitic stainless steel: parametric study S. A. Hassona, F. M. Shuaeib, Ramdan O. Said, and K. F. Alabeedi [2017]

Sathish Kumar.M, Dineshbabu.S.S, Deepan Suriyaa.M.P, Bharathkumar.T “Fabrication of Lowcost Saltspray Chamber For Testing Corrosion Resistance of Materials” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.129-131 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/129-131.pdf

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Hand Waving Bot
Souvik Bera, Vineet Kumar, Ch Sai Anjaneyulu,S. Senthil Murugan – April 2018 – Page No.: 132-138

Explorers and geographical scientists are always on the move of exploring new things due to which they need to go to places where the reach of humans is limited or not possible. Their problem can be solved by this hand waving robot. It can reach any places where humans find difficult to access. This bot uses high radio frequency signals for communication and the control of the bot is totally dependent upon the user.
This reduces the risk of discovering new places or mines where the human presence can be risky. It can be modified too with a camera and sensors through which we can get information about the places and spots beforehand. It can also act as a spy and can also be a useful tool for military purposes too, by increasing the signal strength of communication which can be done by using some advanced communication systems rather than nRF24L01 which we are using in our project.
It can be powered by an external dc source as well as a solar panel. We are using both to keep it energised always

Page(s): 132-138                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 April 2018

  Souvik Bera
(B. Tech 3rd Year), SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

  Vineet Kumar
(B. Tech 3rd Year), SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

  Ch Sai Anjaneyulu
(B. Tech 3rd Year), SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

  S. Senthil Murugan
(B. Tech 3rd Year), SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. S. C. Jacobsen, J. E. Wood, D. F. Knutti, K. B. Biggers, “The UTAH/M.LT. dextrous hand: Work in progress”, The Int. J. of Robotics Research, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 21-50, December 1984.
[2]. M. Ciocarlie, P. Allen, “Hand Posture Subspaces for Dexterous Robotic Grasping”, The International Journal of Robotics Research, vol. 28, pp. 851-867, 2009.
[3]. Make a Gesture Control Robot
https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=rejZmqRrKMc&t=19s
[4]. Arduino gesture control robot
https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=REanc2ZIRzQ&t=238s

Souvik Bera, Vineet Kumar, Ch Sai Anjaneyulu,S. Senthil Murugan “Hand Waving Bot” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 132-138 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/132-138.pdf

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Soil Quality Testing Using Internet of Things
R.Mohanabharathi, P.Anusuia, M.Aswathy – April 2018 – Page No.: 139-141

The concept of Smart Agriculture is becoming a reality as it evolves from conceptual models for the development of crop at different stages .where IOT currently used for cultivation process is the most important one for farmes. Nowdays , due to more chemicals farmers cant able to get more quality products from their lands because of their soil condition. soil condition is the major role to produce a good cultivation but now days the farmers are facing lots of problem on their land. So farmers cant cultivate in good products. So we can use this idea,which will helps to solve the soil quality problem from their lands and they can cultivate higher growth production. The idea that stands behind this project is building an IoT system that monitors the soil moisture detecting when it gets too dry. Firstly the developed Sensor kit will be checking the Soil type and Soil Quality. Later the different tests are performed on soil such as bulk density test, temperature test, moisture test and it also needs to check the water quality. By considering the results obtained by the above tests the device suggests the crop for the farmer and it also helps him for the maintenance of the crop. To keep the services of Smart Agriculture the IOT plays a key role

Page(s): 139-141                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 R.Mohanabharathi
Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 P.Anusuia
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 M.Aswathy
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

[1]. K.Lakshmisudha, Swathi Hegde, Neha Kale, Shruti Iyer, “ Smart Precision Based Agriculture Using Sensors”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975- 8887), Volume 146-No.11, July 2011.
[2]. Nikes Gondchawar, Dr. R.S.Kawitkar, “IoT Based Smart Agriculture”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (IJARCCE), Vol.5, Issue 6, June 2016.
[3]. M.K.Gayatri, J.Jayasakthi, Dr.G.S.Anandhamala, “Providing Smart Agriculture Solutions to Farmers for Better Yielding Using IoT”, IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR 2015).
[4]. Chetan Dwarkani M, Ganesh Ram R, Jagannathan S, R. Priyatharshini, “Smart Farming System Using Sensors for Agricultural Task Automation”, IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR 2015).
[5]. S. R. Nandurkar, V. R. Thool, R. C. Thool, “Design and Development of Precision Agriculture System Using Wireless Sensor Network”, IEEE International Conference on Automation, Control, Energy and Systems (ACES), 2014.
[6]. Joaquín Gutiérrez, Juan Francisco Villa-Medina, Alejandra Nieto-Garibay, and Miguel Ángel Porta Gándara, “Automated Irrigation System Using a Wireless Sensor Network and GPRS Module”, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurements, 0018-9456,2013.
[7]. Dr. V .Vidya Devi,G. Meena Kumari, “Real- Time Automation and Monitoring System for Modernized Agriculture” ,International Journal of Review and Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering (IJRRASE) Vol3 No.1. PP 7-12, 2013.
[8]. Meonghun Lee, Jeonghwan Hwang, Hyun Yoe, “Agricultural Protection System Based on IoT”, IEEE 16th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, 2013.

R.Mohanabharathi, P.Anusuia, M.Aswathy “Soil Quality Testing Using Internet of Things” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 139-141 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/139-141.pdf

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Online Vegetables Pricing System in Android
S.Nagaraj, R.Gokul, K.Gunasekar – April 2018 – Page No.: 142-146

Online Vegetables Pricing System Is To Manage The Price Details Of The Vegetables Thorough Online. The Purpose Of This Project Is To Automate The Existing Manual System By The Help Of Computerized Equipment’s And Software’s. Vegetables Price Information Can Be Upload In The Database .Information Retrieving And Managing Is Also Easy In This Application. Day To Day, The Vegetables Price Information Is Updated Periodically

Page(s): 142-146                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 S.Nagaraj
Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 R.Gokul
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 K.Gunasekar
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

[1]. M. Fengsheng Yang, Android Application Development Revelation, China Machine Press, 2010, 1
[2]. J. DongjiuGeng, YueSuo, Yu Chen, Jun Wen, Yongqing Lu, Remote Access and Control System Based on Android Mobil Phone, vol.2. Journal of Computer Applications, 2011, pp. 560-562
[3]. W. Bian, A. I. Wang, A. Hartvoll Ruud, and Z. Wan Zhen.Extending google android’s application as an educational tool. In Third IEEE International Conference on Digital Game and Intelligent Toy Enhanced Learning (DIGITEL), pages 23-30, 2010.
[4]. M. Butler. Android: Changing the mobile landscape. Pervasive Computing, IEEE, 10(1):4-7, 2011.
[5]. T.-M. Grnli, J. Hansen, and G. Ghinea.Android vs windows mobile vs java me.In 3rd International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments (PETRA), 2010.
[6]. C. Hu and I. Neamtiu. Automating gui testing for android applications. In 6th International Workshop on Automation of Software Test (AST), pages 77-83, 2011.
[7]. L. Jae Kyu and L. Jong Yeol.Android programming techniques for improving performance. In 3rd International Conference on Awareness Science and Technology (ICAST), pages 386-389, 2011
[8]. N. Kuzmanovic, T. Maruna, M. Savic, G. Miljkovic, and D. Isailovic. Google’s android as an application environment for dtv decoder system. In 14th International Symposium on Consumer Electronics (ISCE), pages 1-5, 2010.
[9]. R. Silva, P. Carvalho, P. Sousa, and P. Neves.Enabling heterogeneous mobility in android devices. Mobile Networks and Applications, 16(4):518-528, 2011.
[10]. M. Toyama, S. Kurumatani, H. Joon, K. Terada, and E. Y. Chen.Android as a server platform.In Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), pages 1181-1185, 2011.
[11]. M. Zviran and W. J. Haga, “User authentication by cognitive passwords: an empirical assessment,” in Information Technology, 1990.’Next Decade in information Technology’, Proceedings of the 5th Jerusalem Conference on (Cat. No. 90TH0326-9). IEEE, 1990, pp. 137–144.
[12]. V.A.Mane, A.B.Patil,” Comparison of LDM and HMM for an application of a speech”, International Conference on Advances in Recent Technologies in Communication and Computing,978-0-7695-4201- 0/10 $26.00 © 2010 IEEE, DOI 10.1109/ARTCom.2010.65-431
[13]. N. D. Lane, M. Mohammod, M. Lin, X. Yang, H. Lu, S. Ali, A. Doryab, E. Berke, T. Choudhury, and A. Campbell, “Bewell: A smartphone application to monitor, model and promote wellbeing,” in 5th Intl. ICST Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, 2011.
[14]. M. Mun, S. Reddy, K. Shilton, N. Yau, J. Burke, D. Estrin, M. Hansen, E. Howard, R. West, and P. Boda, “Peir, the personal environmental impact report, as a platform for participatory sensing systems research,” in Proc. of the International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services (MobiSys), 2009, pp.

S.Nagaraj, R.Gokul, K.Gunasekar “Online Vegetables Pricing System in Android” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 142-146 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/142-146.pdf

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Effect of Alkali Activators on Different Curings of Compressive Strengths of Geopolymer Concrete
K. Jagadeeswari, Bikash Kumar Singh, Pandiri Harish – April 2018 – Page No.: 147-152

The last two decades have experienced on any ill effects of greenhouse emissions on earth. The main effect is environmental pollution. On the other hand, due to the pollution humans are suffering from serious health problems. India is fast growing in infrastructure and plenty of construction activity is happening around. In construction industry major activity is production of Portland cement; indirectly we are increasing the CO2 content in atmosphere by the production of Portland cement.

Industrialization is the past few decades has generated million tons of wastes every year. However, their disposal has been a challenge since than the industrial by-products can be used for replacement of ordinary Portland cement, in directly reducing CO2 emission in to atmosphere. Replacement of ordinary Portland cement by industrial by-products also enhances mechanical properties of concrete. To prepare the geopolymer concrete Industrial by-products such as fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag, rice husk, bottom ash, etc. are mainly used in construction industry because these materials have good bonding property, increased durability and decreased the porosity.

To prepare the geopolymer concrete Industrial by-products such as fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag, rice husk; bottom ash, etc. are mainly used in construction industry because these materials have good bonding property, increased durability and decreased the porosity. Compare to Portland cement these materials are economically good. Further by using these industrial by products we are indirectly reducing the CO2.Portland cement with the industrial by products such as Fly Ash, Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS), Rice Husk Ash, Metakaolin etc., in these materials GGBS, fly ash, rice husk are generally used for full replacement of Portland cement. Compare to Portland cement, GGBS fly ash, rice husk are also give higher compressive strength results when activated by alkali with different curing’s. This concrete is known as Geopolymer concrete.

We need alkali solutions like NaOH and Na2SiO3. Prepare the alkali solutions, by considering different molarities of NaOH like 9M and 14M and different concentrations of Na2SiO3 like 40%. Prepare the alkali solution of NaOH and Na2SiO3 separately one hour before the mixing of GPC. Prepare the cubes to find the mechanical properties such as compressive strength, and density of GPC. The specimens were tested after 28 days of different curing’s

Page(s): 147-152                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 K. Jagadeeswari
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

 Bikash Kumar Singh
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

 Pandiri Harish
Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

[1]. Rajamane N. P. and Jeyalakshmi R. “Quantities of sodium hydroxide solids and water to prepare sodium hydroxide solution of given molarity for geopolymer concrete mixes” The Indian Concrete journal Aug – Sep. 2014.
[2]. Mohamad Sayed, Sayeda R. Zeedan “Green binding material using alkali activated blast furnace slag with silica fume” Housing and Building National Research Center journal (2012) 8, 177-184.
[3]. Pradip Nath and Prabir Kumar Sarker “Effect of GGBS on setting, workability and early strength properties of fly ash geopolymer concrete cured in ambient condition” Elsevier construction and building materials 66(2014) 163-171.
[4]. Arie Wardhono, Davis W. Law and Anthony Strano “The strength of alkali activated slag/fly ash mortar blends at ambient temperature” Elsevier procedia engineering 125 (2015) 650-656.
[5]. Oner and S. Akyuz “An experimental study on optimum usage of GGBS for the compressive strength of concrete” Elsevier cement & concrete composites 29 (2007) 505-514.
[6]. Gengying Li and Xiaohua Zhao “Properties of concrete incorporating fly ash ground granulated blast-furnace slag” Elsevier cement & concrete composites 25 (2003) 293-299.
[7]. V. Supraja and M. Kanta Rao “Experimental study on Geo-Polymer concrete incorporating GGBS” International journal of Electronics, Communication & Soft Computing Science and Engineering ISSN 2277-9477, Volume 2, Issue 2.
[8]. Moslin Amer Salih, Nima Farzadnia, Abang Abdullah Abang Ali and Ramazan Demirboga “Development of high strength alkali activated binder using palm oil fuel ash GGBS at ambient temperature” Elsevier Construction and Building Materials 93 (2015) 289-300.
[9]. Mehrzad Mohabbi Yadollahi, Ahmet Benli and Ramazan Demirboga “The effects of silica modulus and aging on compressive strength of pumice-based geopolymer composites” Elsevier Construction and Building Materials 94 (2015) 767-774.
[10]. Seong-Tae Yi, Eun-Ik Yang, Joong-Cheol Choi “Effect of specimen sizes, specimen shapes, and placement directions on compressive strength of concrete” Elsevier Nuclear Engineering and Design 236 (2006) 115-127.
[11]. K. Anbuvelan and K. Subramanian “An Empirical Relationship between Modulus of Elasticity, Modulus of Rupture and Compressive Strength of M60 concrete containing Metakaolin” Research Journal of applied sciences, Engineering and Technology 8(11): 1224-1298, 2014.
[12]. Tanakorn Phoo-ngernkham, Akihiro Maegawa, Naoki Mishima, Shigemitsu Hatanaka, Prinya Chindaprasirt “Effects of sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate solution on compressive and shear bond strength of FA-GBFS geopolymer” Elsevier Construction and Building Materials 91 (2015) 1-8.
[13]. Anurag Mishra, Deepika Choudhary, Namrata Jain, Manish Kumar, NidhiSharda and DurgaDutt “Effect of concentration of alkaline liquid and curing time on strength and water absorption of geopolymer concrete” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences Vol. 3, No. 1, FEBRUVARY 2008.
[14]. Robert J. Thomas and Sulapha Peethamparan “Alkali-activated concrete: Engineering properties and Stress-Strain behavior” Elsevier Construction and Building Materials 93 (2015) 49-56.
[15]. Yiquan Liu, Weiping Zhu, En-Hua Yang “Alkali-activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag incorporating incinerator fly ash as a potential binder” Elsevier Construction and Building Materials 112 (2016) 1005-1012.
[16]. Vlastimil Bilek, Jan Hurta, Petra Done, Libor Zidek “Development of Alkaliactivated concrete for Structures-Mechanical properties and durability” Elsevier Perspectives in Science (2016) 7, 190-194.

K. Jagadeeswari, Bikash Kumar Singh, Pandiri Harish “Effect of Alkali Activators on Different Curings of Compressive Strengths of Geopolymer Concrete” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 147-152 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/147-152.pdf

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Programmed Recognition of Diabetic Retinopathy Utilizing SVM Technique
Sooraj K O, Bhandary Nishma , Hariprasad, Nidhi Subhash Manjrekar, Shruthi K – April 2018 – Page No.: 153-155

Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is an eye disease which is caused due to increase of sugar levels in the blood of the human. It is the type of disease that mainly affects the retina of the eye which could further lead to partial or even complete loss of visual capacity. In this paper, an approach is made to identify the presence of the diabetic retinopathy from the color fundus images of the retina. This disease can be easily diagnosed through regular screenings. Using SVM technique (Support Vector Machine technique) we are able to classify the eye into normal eye, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), which will further reduce the review for the doctors. The automatic detection will help to screen and diagnose the disease from time to time. The main aim of our project is to give an automated, appropriate and refined approach utilizing image processing, data mining technique and pattern recognition so that DR can be easily detected at early stages and damage to the retina can be completely minimized. This therapy includes the scanned results of the fundus retinal image. Manual examinations that are generated by ophthalmologist differ from each other.

Page(s): 153-155                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 Sooraj K O
Eight Semester, UG Student, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Bhandary Nishma
Eight Semester, UG Student, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Hariprasad
Eight Semester, UG Student, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Nidhi Subhash Manjrekar
Eight Semester, UG Student, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Shruthi K
Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

[1]. SujithKumar S B, Vipula Singh,” Automatic Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy in Non dilated RGB Retinal Fundus Images”.
[2]. Muhammad Faisal, Djoko Wahono, IKetut Eddy Purnama, Mochammad Hariadi, Mauridhi Hery Purnomo “Classification Of Diabetic Retinopathy Patients Using Support Vector Machines (Svm) Based On Digital Retinal Image”.
[3]. R S Deshmukh, “Analysis Of Diabetic Retinopathy By Automatic Detection Of Exudates”.
[4]. Ketki S. Argade, Kshitija A. Deshmukh, Madhura M. Narkhede, Nayan N. Sonawane, Sandeep Jore, “Automatic Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy using Image Processing and Data Mining Techniques”.

Sooraj K O, Bhandary Nishma , Hariprasad, Nidhi Subhash Manjrekar, Shruthi K “Programmed Recognition of Diabetic Retinopathy Utilizing SVM Technique” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 153-155 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/153-155.pdf

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Co-ordinate Transformation of Satellite Orbits for Ionospheric and Tropospheric Pierce Points: Visualization and Computation
Pooja S.K, Pooja Arekal K, T Hithaishi Mohan, Yashodha A B, Prof. Santhosh S, Junior Scientist. Himanshu Sethi – April 2018 – Page No.: 156-159

Ionosphere, as one of the Earth’s air layers, evolving condition, both spatially and transiently. It reaches out to a tallness of around 50 to 1000 km and is the fundamental assurance of the Earth and life on Earth from the risky impact of the Sun and the universe itself. One of real restrictions to accomplish precision when utilizing single recurrence GPS (Global position framework) recipients is the issue of postponements in flag proliferation through the ionosphere. Troposphere is the most minimal locale of the earth air and it stretches out from 6-10kms from the earth surface. Troposphere contains water atoms this prompts a tropospheric delay. These deferrals can be estimated by ascertaining ionospheric and tropospheric penetrate focuses.

Page(s): 156-159                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 Pooja S.K
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Pooja Arekal K
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 T Hithaishi Mohan
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Yashodha A B
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Prof. Santhosh S
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Junior Scientist. Himanshu Sethi
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Milos MARKOVIC,”Determination of Total Electron Content in the Ionosphere Using GPS Technology” Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014).
[2]. Webster, I. R. “A Regional Model for the Prediction of Ionospheric Delay for Single Frequency Users of the Global Positioning System”. M.Sc.E thesis, Department of Surveying Engineering Technical Report No. 166, 1993.
[3]. K Nagarajoo, ”GPS Ray Tracing to Show the Effect of Ionospheric Horizontal Gradient to L1 and L2 at Ionospheric Pierce Point” Proceeding of the 2009 International Conference on Space Science and Communication 26-27 October 2009, Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
[4]. P. V. S. Rama Rao, K. Niranjan, D. S. V. V. D. Prasad, S. Gopi Krishna, and G.Uma, “On the validity of the ionospheric pierce point (IPP) altitude of 350km in the Indian equatorial and low-latitude sector” ,Space Physics Laboratory, Departmentof Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam – 530003, India, 13 September 2006.
[5]. F.Gafoori and S. Skone,”Impact of Equatorial ionospheric irregularities on GNSS receivers using real and synthetic scintillation signals”,Radio Science,Volume:50 Issue: 4,April 2015.

Pooja S.K, Pooja Arekal K, T Hithaishi Mohan, Yashodha A B, Prof. Santhosh S, Junior Scientist. Himanshu Sethi “Co-ordinate Transformation of Satellite Orbits for Ionospheric and Tropospheric Pierce Points: Visualization and Computation” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 156-159 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/156-159.pdf

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Smartphone Based Automatic Irrigation System
Varsha P M, Varsha A, Shubha H V, Praneet Charanthimath, Chanchal Antony – April 2018 – Page No.: 160-162

One of the most important factors for successful agricultural production is the irrigation system in place. This paper propounds a design for automatic water supplying system in farmland using raspberry pi 3, Arduino microcontrollers, relay boards and couple of sensors. System helps in water conservation by automatically providing water to the plants depending on their water requirements. It can prove to be efficient in agricultural fields, since pumping motor will be controlled from the remote place through the android application. Soil moisture sensor is inserted into the soil to measure the moisture level. The moisture level will be received by the raspberry board. After receiving the value, it is compared to the predetermined threshold value. If the moisture level is greater then the threshold value the motor will be turned ON, Off if it is lesser than the threshold value the motor can be turned OFF by the user. The farmer can control the motor from the remote place depending on the moisture value. The system is best suited for places where water is scares and has to be used in limited quantity.

Page(s): 160-162                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 Varsha P M
Student, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, India

 Varsha A
Student, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, India

 Shubha H V
Student, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, India

 Praneet Charanthimath
Student, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, India

 Chanchal Antony
Student, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, India

[1]. G. Merlin Suba, Y M Jagadeesh, S Karthik and E Raj Sampath,“Smart Irrigation System Through Wireless Sensor Networks”,ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 10, pp. 1,no. 17, september 2015.
[2]. S. Darshna, T.Sangavi, Sheena Mohan, A.Soundharya, Sukanya Desikan, “Smart Irrigation System”, IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSR-JECE), Volume 10, Issue 3, Ver. II (May – Jun.2015), pp 32-36.
[3]. Article shared by Smriti Chand, “Essay on Water Scarcity in India!”(1113 words), yourarticlelibrary.com.
[4]. Bhagyashree K.Chate, Prof.J.G.Rana, “Smart Irrigation System Using Raspberry Pi” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), vol. 03, Issue 05, pp.1, May-2016
[5]. Chandankumar Sahu, Pramitee Behera, “A Low Cost Smart Irrigation Control System”, IEEE Sponsored 2nd International Conference on Electronics and Communication System (ICECS 2015).
[6]. Sneha Angal, “Raspberry pi and Arduino Based Automated Irrigation System”, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), vol. 05 Issue 07, pp. 3, July 2016.
[7]. S. V. Devika, Sk. Khamuruddeen, Sk. Khamurunnisa, JayanthThota, Khalesha Shaik,“Arduino Based Automatic Plant
Watering System”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Volume 4,Issue 10, pp. 2-3, October 2014.
[8]. . Kumar, K. Kamal, M. O. Arshad, S. Mathavan, T. Vadamala, “Smart Irrigation Using Low-Cost Moisture Sensors and ZiXBee based Communication”.

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Characterization of Canteen Waste Water Using External Membrane Bioreactor
Varsha Ashokan, Keerthana L Madhu – April 2018 – Page No.: 163-167

Many regions face shortage of water for drinking and irrigational purposes. Areas with ample water supplies face issues like nutrient eutrophication and salinity intrusion etc. To meet the increasing water demand, hollow fibre external membrane bioreactor (EMBR) with sludge retention times (SRT) 2 and 4 hours were set up for treating canteen waste water of MDIT Ulliyeri at hydraulic retention times (HRT) 6, 7 and 24 hours. The performance of MBR is investigated under different aeration rates (2.5L/min and 1.5L/min). The influence of HRT and SRT on effluent quality is also determined. Increasing HRT and SRT results in noticeable increase in the removal efficiencies of turbidity, total suspended solids, BOD and COD. A comparative analysis was carried out on the effluent quality of MBR and Sequential Batch reactor (SBR).

Page(s): 163-167                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 May 2018

 Varsha Ashokan
Assistant Professor, Dept. Of Civil Engineering,M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Keerthana L Madhu
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), M DIT Ulliyeri, India

[1] Amr M. Abdel- Kader (2009): ‘Comparison study between Sequencing Batch reactor and conventional activated sludge by using simulation mathematical model’, Thirteenth International Water Technology Conference.
[2] Er. Devendra Dohare, Er. Rohit Trivedi (2014): ‘A Review on Membrane Bioreactors: An Emerging Technology for Industrial wastewater treatment’, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 12.
[3] Jain Jyoti, Dubey Alka and Sing Jitendra Kumar (2013): ‘Application of Membrane-Bio-Reactor in Waste Water Treatment: A Review’, International Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, volume 3.
[4] Khalid Bani-Melham, Zakaria Al- Qodah, Mohammad Al-Shannag, Ahmad Qasaimeh, Mohammed Rasool Qtaishat, Malek Alkasrawi (2015): ‘On the performance of real grey water treatment using a submerged membrane bioreactor system’, Journal of membrane science.
[5] L. H. Andrade, G. E. Motta and M. C. S. Amaral (2013): ‘Treatment of Dairy wastewater with a membrane Bioreactor’, Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering.
[6] M. I. Aida Isma, Azni Idris, Rozita omar, A. R. Putri Razreena (2014): ‘Effects of SRT and HRT on treatment performance of MBR and Membrane fouling’, International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, volume 8, No. 6.
[7] Sachin Madhavrao Kanawade (2015): ‘Grey water treatment by using membrane filtration’, International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development.
[8] Saima Fazal, Beiping Zhang, Zhenxing Zhong, Lan Gao, Xuechuan Chen (2015): ‘Industrial wastewater treatment by using MBR( Membrane Bioreactor) Review study’, Journal of Environmental Protection.
[9] Shyam Kodape, V. S. Sapkal, R. S. Sapkal (2014): ’Study on performance of Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) system at various temperatures for wastewater treatment’, International Journal of Innovative Research in Advanced Engineering, volume 1.

Varsha Ashokan, Keerthana L Madhu “Characterization of Canteen Waste Water Using External Membrane Bioreactor” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 163-167 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/163-167.pdf

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Quality Analysis of Waste Water and Treated Water in MMC Hospital

Varsha Ashokan, Anju KC, Harsha P – April 2018 Page No.: 168-173

Hospital waste water is heterogeneous in nature, because it contains infectious pathogens, toxic, biodegradable matters, heavy metals and radioactive pollutants. That can cause pollution problems and environmental hazards. It is intended to make a study on waste water and treated water generated in Malabar medical college Ulliyeri (MMC). MMC is the one of the medical college in Kozhikode district. It is multifacilitated hospital in the developing stage due to this various function large quantities of waste water is generated. The objective of the study was to analyses the waste water characteristics and effluent characteristics also determined the efficiency of the treatment. The influent and effluent samples are taken at the sewage treatment plant (STP) on morning and evening section. Then the following parameters are tested. pH, Turbidity, Dissolved Oxygen, Total Solid, Alkalinity, Chloride, BOD, Residual Chlorine, Total Coliform and Fecal Coliform. Compared with standards of effluent quality by CPCB 1995 and recommended the possible measures.

Page(s): 168-173                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 May 2018

 Varsha Ashokan
Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, MDIT Ulliyeri, Kerala, India

 Anju KC
Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, MDIT Ulliyeri, Kerala, India

 Harsha P
Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, MDIT Ulliyeri, Kerala, India

[1]. Beril Salman Akin (2016) ‘Contaminant Properties of Hospital Clinical Laboratory Wastewater: A Physiochemical and Microbiological Assessment’, journal of environmental protection, 7,635-642.
[2]. B. Pauwels and W. Verstraete (2006) ‘The treatment of hospital wastewater’, Journal of Water and Health.
[3]. Jafrudeen and Naved Ahsan (2012) study of widely used treatment technologies for hospital wastewater and their comparative analysis, International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 227-240.
[4]. Kholoud Al-Ajlouni, Saleh Shakhatreh, Nuha AL- Ibraheem , Musa Jawarneh Evaluation of Wastewater Discharge from Hospitals in Amman –JORDAN, International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS Vol:13 No:04.
[5]. Mamta Arora (2013) hospital waste: management & handling International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, Volume 2, Issue 11, 238 ISSN 2278-7763
[6]. M. Majlesi Nasr, A. R. Yazdanbakhsh (2008) Study on wastewater treatment systems in hospitals of iran. Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng. Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 211-215.
[7]. M P. Murugesan, P. Akilamudhan, A. Sureshkumar, and G. Arunkarthikeya (2014). Treatment of Hospital and Biomedical Waste Effluent Using HUASB Reactor, International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research. Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 379-386.
[8]. Pauwels and verstraete (2006) The treatment of hospital waste water: an appraisal, journal of water and health, 4.4,405-416.
[9]. Pitriani (2015), The Effectiveness of EM4 Addition into Bio filters to Reduce of BOD , COD and MPN Coliform of Hospital Wastewater International Journal of Pharm Tech Research Vol.8, No.4,pp. 702-708.
[10]. Prayitno, ,Zaenal Kusuma,,Bagyo Yanuwiadi, ,Rudy W Laksmono (2013) Study of Hospital Wastewater Characteristic in Malang City, Vol.2, Issue 2 .Pp 13-16.
[11]. Ram Kumar Kushwah, Avinash Bajpai and Suman Malik (2013) Wastewater Quality Studies of Influent and Effluent Water at Municipal Wastewater Treatment plant, Bhopal (India), International Journal of Chemical, Environmental and Pharmaceutical Research Vol. 2, No.2-3, 131-134.
[12]. Revanna, Dashrath Kolur (2015), “Performance Study of Basaveshwar Teaching and General Hospital Wastewater Treatment Plant at Kalaburgi ” IJSRD – International Journal for Scientific Research & Development Vol. 3, Issue 01, ISSN 2321-0613 .
[13]. Riyanto Haribowo, “Evaluation of wastewater treatment plant in Mataram General Hospital, Indonesia” Journal of Applied Sciences Research.
[14]. Umadevi v (2015), “Fenton process-A pretreatment option for hospital waste water” International Journal of innovation in engineering and technology, vol 5 issue 2

Varsha Ashokan, Anju KC, Harsha P “Quality Analysis of Waste Water and Treated Water in MMC Hospital” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.168-173 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/168-173.pdf

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Water Quality Analysis in Rural Area
Sheena K N, Bithaparveen N K, Safalya P R – April 2018 – Page No.: 174-176

Potable water reduction is a growing problem in the world. Pollution of the surface water bodies may lead to increased impact on ground water aquifers. The present work is done to analyze river water and the surrounding open wells by using physical chemical and biological analysis. The analysis was done by taking 9samples, out of this 3 samples were taken from the river and 6 samples from the surrounding wells.
Hardness, alkalinity, DO, Chloride, Turbidity, pH, Total solids, BOD, and MPN were analyzed. After the analysis we concluded that surface water in the Poonoor River does not affect surrounding aquifer heavily. The river has high contents of dissolved solids and the contents of almost all chemical compounds decreases with increasing distance from the river. From the bacteriological analysis ground water is affected by the Poonoor River and almost all the wells were contaminated with coliforms.

Page(s): 174-176                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 May 2018

 Sheena K N
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Bithaparveen N K
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), Dept. of Civil Engineering, M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Safalya P R
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), Dept. of Civil Engineering, M DIT Ulliyeri, India

[1] Abbas J. Kadhem (2013),assessment of water quality in tigris river-iraq by using GIS mapping, natural resources vol.4 No.6
[2] Dash M. and Panda T. (2010). Water quality and phytoplankton population in sewage fed river of Mahanadi, Orissa, India. Journal of Life Sciences, 2(2) : 81-85.
[3] Dhirendra Mohan Joshi1, Alok Kumar2,and Namita Agrawal2 (2009), studies on physicochemical parameters to assess the water quality of river ganga for drinking purpose in haridwar district, Chemistry department, HNBG university, Srinagar, Garhwal ,India.
[4] Dr. Mike Daniels.(2006). Agriculture and Natural Resources .He is a professor ­ water quality and nutrient management with the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture in Little Rock
[5] Kamal D., Khan A.N., Rahaman M.A. and Ahamed F. (2007). Study on the physic-chemical properties of water of Mouri River, Khulna, Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10 (5): 710-717.
[6] Rajasegar,M.(2003),Physico-chemical characteristic of the vellar estuary in relation to shrimp farming,J.envirormental biology.
[7] Ruth Francis(2005),dissolved oxygen for fish production, factsheet FA-27 university of florida.
[8] Smita Rout, Asit Kumar Behera, AlivaPatnaik, (2016), physico-chemical properties of Mahanadi river, Sambalpur, Odisha, Journal of Biological Sciences
[9] Venkateshraju K., Ravikumar P., Somasekha R.K. and Prakash K.L.(2010). Physicochemical and bacteriological investigation on the river CauveryoKollegal stretch in Karnataka. Journal of Science Engineering and Technology, 6(1):50-59.
[10] Webster,I.,Parslow,J,S., Grayson,R.B., Molloy,R.P, Anderwawareha,Sakov,J.P,Tan,K.S,Walker,S.J.Wallace,B.B (2001).,Gypsland lakes environmental study-assessing option for improving water quality and ecological function, final report CSRO,Glenosmone,Australia
[11] Yang LI1, Linyu XU1, Shun LI2 (2009), Water Quality Analysis of the Songhua River Basin Using Multivariate Techniques
[12] Zheng,X.andRasmussen,T.C (2005), multivariate stastical characterization of water quality in lake lanier,Georgia,USA,J.envron.QUAI.,34,PP1980-1991.

Sheena K N, Bithaparveen N K, Safalya P R “Water Quality Analysis in Rural Area” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 174-176 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/174-176.pdf

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Evolution and Optimization in Aerodynamic Performance of Grand Turismo Type
Pradip Darji – April 2018 – Page No.: 177-179

Sport car having high speed engine, so it’s having its aerodynamics and its effects. Here main objective is to improve its aerodynamic efficiency by certain modification as well as also improve in aerodynamic braking and stability at higher speed. By doing aerodynamic analysis get better performance, increase fuel efficiency, Decrease fuel economy, better aerodynamic efficiency, less pollution due to less usage of fuel, improve in road holding capabilities and decrease in wind noise.

Page(s): 177-179                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 May 2018

 Pradip Darji
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, K.J. Institute of Engineering & Technology, Savli, Vadodara-391770. Gujarat, India

[1]. MOHD SHAHMAL BIN MOHD SHAHID, Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering with Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG- DECEMBER 2010
[2]. Mohd Nizam Sudin, Mohd Azman Abdullah, Shamsul Anuar Shamsuddin, FaizRedza Ramli, Musthafah Mohd Tahir at Center for Advanced Research on Energy (CARe), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering IJMME-IJENS Vol:14 No:02
[3]. Keisuke NISUGI, Toshiyuki HAYASE and Atsushi SHIRAI; Graduate SChool of information Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577,Japan; Series B, Vol.47, No.3, 2004.
[4]. Mohammad Zeeshan Ali, Sana Khan, Nitin Mohan, Piyush Mandape, Mechanical Department, Anjuman College of Engineering & Technology, Sadar, Nagpur, India; IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE),e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X,PP 64-67.
[5]. Pátek Z., Cervinka J., VrchotaP.,Aeronautical Research and Test Establishment, Prague, Czech Republic, ICAS-2012
[6]. Gene Quandt, NREL Technical Monitor: Paul migliore, National Renewable Energy Laboratory,1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393,A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Managed by Midwest Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC36-83CH1 0093
[7]. Roberto Capata, Leone Martellucci, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Roma “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy; World Journal of Mechanics, 2015, 5, 179-194, Published Online October 2015 in SciRes, Copyright © 2015 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc

Pradip Darji “Evolution and Optimization in Aerodynamic Performance of Grand Turismo Type” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 177-179 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/177-179.pdf

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Automatic Chapathi Making Machine
K.Chandrasekar, Melvin Richardson.R, Nethaji.G, Nirmalkumar.A, Praveen.B – April 2018 – Page No.: 180-181

Our project is to make fully-automatic chapathi maker. Here we used pneumatic system since pneumatic has gained a large amount of importance in last few decades. This importance is due to its accuracy and cost. The pneumatic pressing machine has an advantage of working in low pressure. It consists of Pneumatic cylinder, Control unit, solenoid valve, 3 phase ac motor, and Maker parts.
The main objective of our project is to pneumatic chapathi making machine with the help of pneumatic sources. For a developing food product industries, hotels the operation performed and the parts (or) components produced should have it minimum possible production cost, and then only industry runs profitability.

Page(s): 180-181                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 May 2018

 K.Chandrasekar
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Melvin Richardson.R
Department 0f Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Nethaji.G
Department 0f Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Nirmalkumar.A
Department 0f Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Praveen.B
Department 0f Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

[1]. American association of cereal chemists. Approved methods. St. Paul: AACC; (2000) Vol.12, pp.248-253
[2]. Indian Standards Institution Vermicelli making IS (1485-1993) vol.6, pp.147-159
[3]. Qarooni J. Flat chapathi technology. International Thomson publishing (1996) vol.7, pp.216-224
[4]. Mahadevan K, Balaveera Reddy K. Design data hand book for mechanical engineers. New Delhi: CBS publishers; 1996.

K.Chandrasekar, Melvin Richardson.R, Nethaji.G, Nirmalkumar.A, Praveen.B “Automatic Chapathi Making Machine” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 180-181 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/180-181.pdf

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Pipe and Ring Fitting by Screw Mechanism

Ramesh.K, Dinesh Kumar.P, Franklin Raja.C, Jose Nirmal Vasanth.R, Muni Raji.P – April 2018 Page No.: 182-185

Pipe and ring fitting fixture is a conventional method used in various industries for large production units. Medium and small scale industries also use this conventional method. But different dimensions have been specified in various industries according to their applications. The present pipe fitting system uses manual and automated system for their production unit according to their purpose. By using this method we can get maximum output. In industries, the main problem is the usage of electric current, waste of time, differ in their accuracy, labor rework for fitting in accurate dimensions. These problems can be overcome by using pipe and ring fitting by screw mechanism and thereby protecting the environment. The present paper deal with the study of various pipes and ring fitting fixture using different materials is discussed. The pipe fitting fixture have advantages over than other methods, such as compact in size, less work, no need of rework, maintaining accuracy, no additional part is used and usage of current is reduced, human efforts is also reduced with specified dimensions.

Page(s): 182-185                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 May 2018

 Ramesh.K
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Dinesh Kumar.P
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Franklin Raja.C
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Jose Nirmal Vasanth.R
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Muni Raji.P
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Mr. Ramkrushna S.More, Sunil J.Rajpal publishes a paper on “study of crusher”. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), Vol 3, Issue.1, 2013 PP-518-522 ISSN: 2249-6645
[2]. Mr.Shahdab Hussain Mohammad present paper on “can crushing machine using pneumatics” IOSR Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IOSR – JMCE) e-ISSN: 2278-1684,P-ISSN: 2230-334X PP 60 – 63
[3]. Cao Jinxi, Qin Zhiyu, Rong Xingfu, Yang Shichun presents a paper on “ Experimntal Research on Crushing Force ” 2007 Second IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications. 1-4244-0737-0/07/$20.00© 2007 IEEE
[4]. Mr. Che Mohd. Akhairil A kasyah B Che Anuar Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in University Malaysia Pahang in the year Nov.2008 in his project report entitled “Development of the Can Crusher Machine”
[5]. Wang X, Subic A, Watson H. Two-dimensional lubrication analysis and design optimization of a Scotch Yoke engine linear bearing. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science. 220(10):1575–87.
[6]. Gopal C, Mohanraj M, Chandramohan P, Chandrasekar P. Renewable energy source water pumping systems – A literature review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013; 25:351–70.
[7]. Amrutesh P, Sagar B, Venu B. Solar grass cutter with linear blades by using scotch yoke mechanism. Int Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 2014 Sep; 4(9):10–21.
[8]. Sermaraj M. Design and Fabrication of Pedal Operator Reciprocating Water Pump. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering.
[9]. Chondros, Thomas G. (2009). “The Development of Machine Design as a Science from Classical Times to Modern Era”. International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms: Proceedings of HMM 2008. USA: Springer. p. 63. 1402094841. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
[10]. Kerle, Hanfried; Klaus Mauersberger (2010). “From Archimedean spirals to screw mechanisms – A short historical overview”. The Genius of Archimedes — 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics, Science and Engineering: Proceedings of an International Conference Held at Syracuse, Italy, June 8–10, 2010. Springer. pp. 163–179. ISBN 90-481-9090-8. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
[11]. Anderson, John G. (1983). Technical shop mathematics, 2nd Ed. USA: Industrial Press. p. 200. ISBN 0-8311-1145-3.
[12]. Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). “Jackscrew”. Collier’s New Encyclopedia. New York: P.F.
[13]. Norman W. Storer, Electric Locomotive, U.S. Patent 991,038, granted May 2, 1911. The use of the scotch yoke Collier & Son Company.

Ramesh.K, Dinesh Kumar.P, Franklin Raja.C, Jose Nirmal Vasanth.R, Muni Raji.P “Pipe and Ring Fitting by Screw Mechanism” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.182-185 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/182-185.pdf

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Solar Tracking Using Arduino
Rakshitha Rao, Rashmi Rao, Sreecharan B R, Sumanth N S – April 2018 – Page No.: 186-188

Unique Solar vitality is the most essential vitality for the living things. Photovoltaic cells are utilized to change over sun oriented vitality into electrical energy. This paper displays the arrangement and change of high-capability twofold turn sun in view of Arduino. A definitive focus of this undertaking is to follow the most extreme daylight and to separate the greatest power. The venture incorporates both equipment and programming headway. The equipment segment incorporates light ward resistors (LDR), servomotors and an arduino. A light ward resistor (LDR) is a gadget whose protection is a component of the occurrence electromagnetic radiation, henceforth they are light touchy gadgets. LDRs sense the measure of daylight falling on them. A servomotor is a turning actuator that is utilized to pivot the sunlight based board toward most extreme light force. Servomotor is frequently used to allude to an engine reasonable for use in a shut circle control framework. Sunlight based board retains the sun’s beams as a wellspring of vitality for creating power. The code is composed utilizing C programming dialect and is focused to the Arduino UNO controller. The Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board in view of the ATmega 328. It contains everything expected to help the microcontroller.

Page(s): 186-188                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 May 2018

 Rakshitha Rao
UG Students, 6th Sem, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Rashmi Rao
UG Students, 6th Sem, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Sreecharan B R
UG Students, 6th Sem, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Sumanth N S
UG Students, 6th Sem, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Electrical Machines “AshfaqHussain
[2]. http://www.solar-tracking.com/
[3]. International Journal of Advanced Research Computer Science and Software Engineering research paper www.ijarcsse.com
[4]. International Journal of Engineering and Science at www.researchinventy.com
[5]. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) 2013.
[6]. International Journal of ChemTech Research http://sphinxsai.com/2013/conf
[7]. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) 2013.

Rakshitha Rao, Rashmi Rao, Sreecharan B R, Sumanth N S “Solar Tracking Using Arduino” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 186-188 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/186-188.pdf

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RF Based Automatic Speed Limiter for Vehicles
Santhana Krishnan.N, Mohanraj. S, Mohana Deepak. S, Vinoth Kumar. S, Prabu. S – April 2018 – Page No.: 189-192

Today most extreme number mishap in often in light of individuals are driving the vehicle quick and uncontrollable. Stasitic report is taken for most recent five years greatest measure of mischance are amid in the school zone, surge time slopes region. As indicated by Mr. Willie D. Jones in the IEEE SPECTRUM magazine (September 2001), a man kicks the bucket in a pile up each second. So they speed of the vehicle control by utilizing of RF Transmitter, beneficiary are utilized. Individuals are not take after the street wellbeing rules. Required flag of the speed not take after by the general population it will be increment the accident. RF Transmitter are put in the schools, hills, rush regions the transmitter segment are comprises of keypad, encoder, and RF transmitter the keypad is utilized to set as far as possible esteem. At that point the set esteem is given to encoder to interface the flag and given to RF transmitter obstruct in which the encoded flag is regulated with bearer recurrence and transmitted through RF transmitter. The beneficiary area comprises of microcontroller RF receiver, Decoder, Proximity sensor and driver circuit for relay. The recipient segment is joined in the vehicle. The nearness sensor is settled in the vehicle wheel to screen speed. USLOT sensor is utilized distinguish the speed of vehicle. The paper/protest is settled in vehicle. So where paper/question is crossed the sensor it creates the in addition to given to microcontroller. The microcontroller tally that in addition to and showed on the LCD show which is equivalent to speed of the vehicle. The RF collector is utilized to get as far as possible value. The RF beneficiary expels the transporter recurrence and decoder is utilized to interpret the flag at that point given to microcontroller. In microcontroller the got speed constrained esteem is contrasted and acquired speed. If the speed is higher than confine esteem it actuates the transfer through hand-off driver circuit. The hand-off yield is associate oil valve. So it controls the oil stream to engine. Through thusly the vehicle speed is naturally restricted to speed level set the activity police office.

Page(s): 189-192                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 May 2018

 Santhana Krishnan.N
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Mohanraj. S
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Mohana Deepak. S
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Vinoth Kumar. S
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Prabu. S
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

[1]. Telaprolu,m.k, sarma,V.V.; ratankanth, E.K.;Rao, S.N.; Banda,v., vehicular Electronics and safety (ICVES), IEEE international conference pune (2009).
[2]. Gangadhar, S.; R N shetty Inst. Of Technol, An Intelligent road traffic control system, IEEE conference publication kahargpur (2010).
[3]. Berndt, Don, Real-Time Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (RTAS), IEEE Education & Learning (2005).
[4]. Kassem, N. Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, USAKosba, A.E.; Youssef, M.;VRF-Based Vehicle Detection and Speed Estimation vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), IEEE (2012).
[5]. Murthy, C.; Manimaran, G.; Resource Management in Real-Time Systems and Networks2001.
[6]. Nishiyama, Y. ISUZU Advanced Engineering Center LTD., Kanagawa, JapanKondoh, A.; Hirado, A.; Akiyama, H. The system and the function of position regulated speed control device, Vehicle Navigation and Information Systems Conference, 1996. VNIS ’96
[7]. Ankita Mishra, Jyoti Solanki, Harshala Bakshi, Priyanka Saxena, and Pranav Paranjpe: Design of RF based speed control system for Vehicles International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 1, Issue 8, October 2012

Santhana Krishnan.N, Mohanraj. S, Mohana Deepak. S, Vinoth Kumar. S, Prabu. S “RF Based Automatic Speed Limiter for Vehicles” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 189-192 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/189-192.pdf

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Automated Robot to Find Lives in Debris Using Rocker Bogie Suspension

A. Shreya, Charan Raj S, Devika H S, Harshitha N P, Prof. Santhosh Nayak – April 2018 Page No.: 193-195

In this modern era, technological development lead the creation of sky scraper buildings and dwellings which increase risks of losing life due to natural and manmade disasters. Many people died by trapping under debris as their presence cannot detect by the rescue team. Sometimes, it is impossible to reach in certain points of the disasters in such calamity hit zones. The situation is worst for developing country because of low quality design and construction. This paper presents a way to find lives in debris using cell phone controlled rocker-bogie suspension type rover with a scooping arm. It has a wireless thermal camera with raspberry pi which transmits live video to a nearby laptop with a range of 100 feet. The scooping arm is attached to the rear portion of the rover and a motor controls the scooping operations using Bluetooth interfaced with Arduino.

Page(s): 193-195                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 May 2018

 A. Shreya
6thsemester, UG Students, Dept. of E & CE, AIET Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Charan Raj S
6thsemester, UG Students, Dept. of E & CE, AIET Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Devika H S
6thsemester, UG Students, Dept. of E & CE, AIET Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Harshitha N P
6thsemester, UG Students, Dept. of E & CE, AIET Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Prof. Santhosh Nayak
Assistant Professor, Dept. of E & CE, AIET Moodbidri, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Zia Uddin ,Mojaharul Islam , “Search and Rescue system for alive human detection by semiautonomous mobile rescue robot” @ 978-1-5090-6122-8/16/$31.00 ©2016 IEEE
[2]. SuhasDivakar ,“ Cell phone controlled rocker-bogie suspension type rover with a scooping arm”@ (2011 8The 8th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI 2011)th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI)TP31Nov. 23-26, 2011 in Songdo ConventiA, Incheon, Korea)
[3]. S. Bhatia ,Raj Kumar Goel and N. Kumar “Alive human body detection system using an autonomous mobile rescue robot” India Conference (INDICON), December 2011.
[4]. Carlos Marques, Pedro Lima, Rodrigo Ventura “Semiautonomous robot for rescue operations” Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference onIntelligent Robots and Systems, October 9 – 15, 2006, Beijing, China.
[5]. Ting Feng Tan, Soo Siang Teoh, Jun EeFow, Kin Sam Yen “Embedded Human Detection System Based on Thermal and Infrared Sensors for Anti-Poaching Application @2016 IEEE Conference on Systems, Process and Control (ICSPC 2016), 16–18 December 2016, Melaka, Malaysia
[6]. H. S. Hadi, M. Rosbi, U. U. Sheikh, and S. H. M. Amin, “Fusion of thermal and depth images for occlusion handling for human detection from mobile robot,” in 10th Asian Control Conference (ASCC 2015), 2015, pp. 1-5.

A. Shreya, Charan Raj S, Devika H S, Harshitha N P, Prof. Santhosh Nayak “Automated Robot to Find Lives in Debris Using Rocker Bogie Suspension” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.193-195 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/193-195.pdf

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Result Analysis of Adaptive Replication Management Approach for Duplicate Data Management in Cloud Architecture
Vaishali Pandey, Varsha Sharma, Vivek Sharma – April 2018 – Page No.: 196-200

This paper proposes an approach to dynamically replicate the data file based on the predictive analysis. With the help of probability theory, the utilization of each data file can be predicted to create a corresponding replication strategy. Eventually, the popular files can be subsequently replicated according to their own access potentials. For the remaining low potential files, an erasure code is applied to maintain the reliability. Hence, our approach simultaneously improves the availability while keeping the reliability in comparison to the default scheme. Furthermore, the complexity reduction is applied to enhance the effectiveness of the prediction when dealing with Big Data

Page(s): 196-200                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 May 2018

 Vaishali Pandey
Department of SoIT, RGPV, Bhopal, India

 Varsha Sharma
Department of SoIT, RGPV, Bhopal, India

 Vivek Sharma
Department of SoIT, RGPV, Bhopal, India

[1]. Bui, Dinh-Mao, et al. “Adaptive Replication Management in HDFS based on Supervised Learning.” IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 28.6 (2016): 1369-1382.
[2]. You, Xindong, et al. “E^ sup 2^ ARS: An Energy-Effective Adaptive Replication Strategy in Cloud Storage System.” Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences 7.6 (2013): 2409..
[3]. Lee, Jungha, et al. “Adaptive Data Replication Scheme Based on Access Count Prediction in Hadoop.” Proceedings of the International Conference on Grid Computing and Applications (GCA). The Steering Committee of The World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Applied Computing (WorldComp), 2013).
[4]. Myint, Julia, and Axel Hunger. “Modeling a Load-adaptive Data Replication in Cloud Environments.” CLOSER. 2013.
[5]. Bui, Dinh-Mao, et al. “Replication Management Framework for HDFS Based on Prediction Technique.” Advanced Cloud and Big Data, 2015 Third International Conference on. IEEE, 2015.
[6]. Pawar Abhijeet H, 2Subhedar Dipti D., 3Phadtare Jigish K., 4Pawase Amol Ashok, 5Honrao Sayali D. “Adaptive Replication Management in HDFS based on Supervised Learning”, International Journal of Recent Engineering Research and Development (IJRERD) Volume No. 02 – Issue No. 03.
[7]. M. Zaharia, D. Borthakur, J. Sen Sarma, K. Elmeleegy, S. Shenker, and I. Stoica, “Delay scheduling: a simple technique for achieving locality and fairness in cluster scheduling,” in Proceedings of the 5th European conference on Computer systems. ACM, 2010, pp. 265–278.
[8]. K. S. Esmaili, L. Pamies-Juarez, and A. Datta, “The core storage primitive: Cross-object redundancy for efficient data repair & access in erasure coded storage,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1302.5192, 2013.
[9]. G. Ananthanarayanan, S. Agarwal, S. Kandula, A. Greenberg, I. Stoica, D. Harlan, and E. Harris, “Scarlett: Coping with skewed content popularity in mapreduce clusters.” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Computer Systems, ser. EuroSys ’11. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2011, pp. 287–300.
[10]. G. Kousiouris, G. Vafiadis, and T. Varvarigou, “Enabling proactive data management in virtualized hadoop clusters based on predicted data activity patterns.” in P2P, Parallel, Grid, Cloud and Internet Computing (3PGCIC), 2013 Eighth International Conference on, Oct 2013, pp. 1–8.
[11]. Q. Wei, B. Veeravalli, B. Gong, L. Zeng, and D. Feng, “Cdrm: Acost-effective dynamic replication management scheme for cloud storage cluster.” in Cluster Computing (CLUSTER), 2010 IEEE International Conference on, Sept 2010, pp. 188–196.
[12]. Tudoran, Radu, et al. “Adaptive file management for scientific workflows on the azure cloud.” Big Data, 2013 IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2013.
[13]. G. Ananthanarayanan, S. Agarwal, S. Kandula, A. Greenberg, I. Stoica, D. Harlan, and E. Harris, “Scarlett: Coping with skewed content popularity in mapreduce clusters.” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Computer Systems, ser. EuroSys ’11. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2011, pp. 287–300.
[14]. Zhu, Q. and Zhou, Y. 2005. Power-aware storage cache management. IEEE Trans. Computer, 54, 587-602 (2005).
[15]. X. Yao and J. Wang. Rimac: a novel redundancy-based hierarchical cache architecture for energy efficient, high performance storage systems. In EuroSys ’06: Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGOPS/EuroSys European Conference on Computer Systems. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2006, 249- 262 (2006).
[16]. E. Pinheiro and R. Bianchini. Energy conservation techniques for disk array-based servers. In ICS ’04: Proceedings of the 18th annual international conference on Supercomputing, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 68-78 (2004).
[17]. Q. Zhu, Z. Chen, L. Tan, Y. Zhou, K. Keeton, and J.Wilkes. Hibernator: helping disk arrays sleep through the winter. In SOSP ’05: Proceedings of the twentieth ACM symposium on Operating systems principles, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 177-190 (2005).
[18]. C.L. Abad, Yi Lu, R.H. Campbell, “DARE: Adaptive Data Replication for Efficient Cluster Scheduling”, IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (CLUSTER 2011), pp.159-168, 2011.
[19]. Q. Wei, B. Veeravalli, B. Gong, L. Zeng, and D. Feng, “Cdrm: A costeffective mdynamic replication management scheme for cloud storage cluster.” in Cluster Computing (CLUSTER), 2010 IEEE International Conference on, Sept 2010, pp. 188–196.
[20]. H. WEATHERSPOON ET AL. Erasure Coding vs. Replication: A uantitative Comparison. In Proc. IPTPS (2002).
[21]. J. KUBIATOWICZ ET AL. OceanStore: An Architecture for Global-Scale Persistent Storage. In Proc. ASPLOS (2000).
[22]. R. BHAGWAN ET AL. Total Recall: System Support for Automated Availability Management. In NSDI (2004).
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[24]. Sriram Rao, Benjamin Reed, and Adam Silberstein, HotROD: Managing Grid Storage With On-Demand Replication, Workshop on Data Management in the Cloud (DMC’13), April 2013.
[25]. Zhenhua Guo, Geoffrey Fox, and Mo Zhou. 2012. Investigation of Data Locality in MapReduce. In Proceedings of the 2012 12th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (ccgrid 2012) (CCGRID ’12). IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 419-426.
[26]. Spyridon V. Gogouvitis, Gregory Katsaros, Dimosthenis Kyriazis, Athanasios Voulodimos, Roman Talyansky and Theodora Varvarigou, “Retrieving, Storing, Correlating and Distributing Information for Cloud Management,” 9th International Conference on Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services, November 2012

Vaishali Pandey, Varsha Sharma, Vivek Sharma “Result Analysis of Adaptive Replication Management Approach for Duplicate Data Management in Cloud Architecture” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 196-200 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/196-200.pdf

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An Overview of Steam Turbine Blade Vibration Monitoring System (BVMS)
Pratik Dalvi, Devidas Barge, Hrishikesh Dhandha – April 2018 – Page No.: 201-203

This paper describes an overview of blade health monitoring system used for steam turbine. Alternative of conventional blade vibration measurement system, a non-contact measurement technique is investigated. The blade vibration can be detected by measurement of tip timing since the blade timing will slightly differ from the passing time calculated from the turbine rotor speed in the presence of the vibrations. The operation of blade vibration monitoring system and the components required for its operation has been presented. Vibrations of last stage free standing blades of low pressure steam turbine can cause high cycle fatigue, which damages the blades and reduces blade life. The operational risks associated with high-cycle fatigue failures as well as other failure like stress corrosion cracking, blade root failure etc. can be observed by using non-contact type monitoring system known as Blade Vibration Monitoring System.

Page(s): 201-203                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 May 2018

 Pratik Dalvi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

 Devidas Barge
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

 Hrishikesh Dhandha
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Craig P. Lawson, Paul C. Ivey (2004). School of Engineering, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK430AL, UK.Turbo-machinery blade vibration amplitude measurement through tip timing with capacitance tip clearance probes. Elsevier Publications.
[2]. M Zielinski and G Ziller (2000). MTU Munchen, Germany. Noncontact vibration measurements on compressor rotor blades. Journal of Measurement Science and Technology.
[3]. Pierre Beauseroy, Regis Lengelle (2006).System Modelling and Dependability Group – FRE CNRS 2848, Charles Delaunay Institute, Universite de Technologie de Troyes BP2060 10010 TROYES Cedex, France. Nonintrusive turbomachine blade vibration measurement system. Elsevier Publication.
[4]. Andreas von Flotow, Mathieu Mercadal, Peter Tappert (2000). Hood Technology Corporation 1750 Country Club Road Hood River.Health Monitoring and Prognostics of Blades and Disks with Blade Tip Sensors. IEEE Publication.
[5]. T Pfister, L B uttner, J Czarske, H Krain and R Schodl (2006). Institute for Propulsion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Linder H¨ohe, D-51147 K¨oln, Germany. Turbo machine tip clearance and vibration measurements using a fibre optic laser Doppler position sensor. Institute of Physics Publishing.
[6]. Roeseler (2009).United States Patent, Patent no.- US 6,927,567 B1.

Pratik Dalvi, Devidas Barge, Hrishikesh Dhandha “An Overview of Steam Turbine Blade Vibration Monitoring System (BVMS)” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 201-203 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/201-203.pdf

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Trend Analysis of Temperature at Sardarkrushinagar (North Gujarat), India

Sevak Das – April 2018 Page No.: 204-207

Trends in long-term (1981-2017) average annual and seasonal surface air temperature at Sardarkrushinagar have been examined by using Mann-Kendall non-parametric test. The results revealed that annual average maximum and minimum temperature was found to be 33.8 and 19.2 0C respectively. Annual average maximum and minimum temperature showed increasing trend, but statistically non significant. Analysis of seasonal temperature revealed that both maximum and minimum temperature exhibited increasing trend in all the seasons except monsoon where maximum temperature exhibited decreasing trend. The minimum temperature was found to be increased significantly in monsoon season at the rate of 0.010C/year

Page(s): 204-207                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 08 May 2018

 Sevak Das
Department of Agricultural Meteorology, C.P. College of Agriculture, S.D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar-385506 (Gujarat), India

[1]. Amogne Asfaw a, Belay Simane, Ali Hassen, Amare Bantider (2018).Variability and time series trend analysis of rainfall and temperature in north central Ethiopia: A case study in Woleka sub-basin. Weather and Climate Extremes 19, 29–41.
[2]. Arora M., Goel N.K., Singh R. (2005). Evaluation of temperature trends over India. Hydrol Sci J 50: 81-93.
[3]. Bhutiyani M. R., Kale V. S. and Pawar N. J. (2007).Long-term trends in maximum, minimum and mean annual air temperatures across the North western Himalaya during the twentieth century. Climatic Change, 85, 159–177.
[4]. Ceppi P., Scherrer S.C., Fischer A.M. and Appenzeller C. (2008). Revisiting Swiss temperature trends 1959–2008. Int. J. Climatol., 32, 203–213.
[5]. Cheema M.A., Farooq M., Ahmad R. and Munir H. (2006). Climatic trends in Faisalabad (Pakistan) over the last 60 years (1945-2004). J Agri Soc Sci 2: 42-45.
[6]. Hamid A.T., Sharif M. and Archer D. (2014). Analysis of Temperature Trends in Satluj River Basin, India. Earth Sci Clim Change, Vol. 5, Issue 8, 1000222.
[7]. Hingane L.S., Rup Kumar K. and Ramanamurthy B.V. (1985). Long term needs of surface air temperature in India. Int J Climatol 5: 521-528.
[8]. IPCC (2007) Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Asia Climate Change 2007. Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (edn). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK 469-506.
[9]. Khavse R., Deshmukh R., Manikandan N., Chaudhary J. L. and Kaushik D. (2015). Statistical Analysis of Temperature and Rainfall Trend in Raipur District of Chhattisgarh. Current World Environment, Vol. 10(1), 305-312.
[10]. Parthasarthy B., Munot A.A. and Kothawale D.R. (1988). Regression model for estimation of India’s foodgrain production from summer monsoon rainfall. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 42: 167-182.
[11]. Rao P.G. (1993).Climatic changes and trends over a major river basin in India. Clim Res 2: 215-223.
[12]. Sharad K. Jain and Vijay Kumar (2012). Trend analysis of rainfall and temperature data for India. Current Science, Vol. 102, No. 1, Pp. 37-49.
[13]. Sinha Ray K.C., Mukhopadhya R.K. and Chowdhary S.K. (1997).Trend in maximum and minimum temperature and sea level pressure over India. INTROMET 1997 IIT Delhi, HauzKhas, New Delhi.
[14]. Solomon Addisu, Yihenew G. Selassie, Getachew Fissha and Birhanu Gedif (2015). Time series trend analysis of temperature and rainfall in lake Tana Sub‑basin, Ethiopia. Environ Syst Res, 4:25, Pp.1-12.
[15]. UNFCCC (2007). Climate Change: Impacts, Vulnerabilities and Adaptation in Developing Countries, Bonn, Germany.
[16]. Wagholikar N.K., Sinha Ray K. C., Sen P. N. and Pradeep K.P. (2014). Trends in seasonal temperatures over the Indian region, Journal of Earth System Science, Volume 123, Issue 4, pp 673–687.
[17]. Zhao P., Jones P., Cao L., Yan Z., Zha S., Zhu Y., Yu Y. and Tang G. (2014).Trend of surface air temperature in Eastern China and associated large-scale climate variability over the last 100 years. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 27, 4693–4703

Sevak Das “Trend Analysis of Temperature at Sardarkrushinagar (North Gujarat), India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.204-207 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/204-207.pdf

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Manual Fakeapp Detection Using Sentimental Analysis through Webpage
T. Sathish, T.S.Abinaya, B.Anupriya, L.Uma – April 2018 – Page No.: 208-214

Now a day’s fake app is increasing in Google play store and it is launched with the popular names which cause major challenges in current scenario. Some fraudulent developers deceptively boost the search rank and popularity of their app. We came with an idea where a webpage with PHP along with the sentimental analysis is used to process the rank and comment given by the user where the comment percentage and rate percentage accuracy automatically maintained and a graph which shows the app range is created. This analyzing method has to be done manually due to insuffiency of Google play store source. In future we will manipulate automatic analyzer to reveal more accuracy for this; process should have adequate sanction from Google to append webpage in their Google play store itself. Once we will get adequate sanction from Google, we append the webpage and the sentimental analyzer which work directly in Google page itself.

Page(s): 208-214                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 May 2018

 T. Sathish
M.Tech. Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 T.S.Abinaya
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 B.Anupriya
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

 L.Uma
UG Student, Department of CSE, Selvam College of Technology, Namakkal, India

[1]. Dubey Veena, G. D. (2016). Sentiment Analysis Based on Opinion Classification Techniques: A Survey . International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering , 53-58.
[2]. Nandimath Jyoti, K. B. (2017). Efficiently Detecting and Analyzing Spam Reviews Using Live Data Feed. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) , 1421-1424.
[3]. Kokate Sushant, T. B. (2015). Fake Review and Brand Spam Detection using J48 Classifier. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, 3523-3526.
[4]. Prajakta Gayke and prof. Sanjay Thakre ―Detection of Ranking Fssraud for Mobile App‖ IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) 2015
[5]. Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321- 7308 Engineering (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization) Vol. 3, Issue 9, September 2015
[6]. A. Mukherjee, A. Kumar, B. Liu, J. Wang, M. Hsu, M. Castellanos, and R. Ghosh. Spotting opinion spammers using behavioral footprints. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM SIGKDD
International conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining, KDD ’13, 2013.
[7]. Bin Liu, Deguang Kong, Lei Cen, Neil Zhenqiang Gong, Hongxia Jin and Hui Xiong―Personalized Mobile App Recommendation: Reconciling App Functionality and User Privacy Preference‖ February 2–6, 2015, Shanghai, China. Copyright 2015 ACM 978-1- 4503-3317-7/15/02 …$15.00.
[8]. Donghwan Bae, Keejun Han ; Park, J. ; Yi, M.Y. ―, AppTrends: A graph-based mobile app recommendation system using usage history‖ Big Data and Smart Computing (BigComp), 2015 International Conference.
[9]. Wang Xiang, Zhang Zhilin ; Yu Xiang ; Jia Yan ; Zhou Bin ; Li Shasha ―Finding the hidden hands: a case study of detecting organized posters and promoters in SINA weibo‖ Communications, China (Volume:12 , Issue: 11 ) November 2015.
[10]. Ranking fraud Mining personal context-aware preferences for mobile users. H. Zhu, E. Chen, K. Yu, H. Cao, H. Xiong, and J. Tian. In Data Mining (ICDM), 2012 IEEE 12th International Conference on, pages1212–1217, 2012.
[11]. Detection for mobile apps H. Zhu, H. Xiong, Y. Ge, and E. Chen. A holistic view. In Proceedings of the 22nd ACMinternational conference on Information and knowledge management,CIKM ’13, 2013.
[12]. Detecting product review spammers using rating behaviors. E.-P. Lim, V.-A. Nguyen, N. Jindal, B. Liu, and H. W. Lauw In Proceedings of the 19th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management, CIKM ’10, pages 939–948, 2013.

T. Sathish, T.S.Abinaya, B.Anupriya, L.Uma “Manual Fakeapp Detection Using Sentimental Analysis through Webpage” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 208-214 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/208-214.pdf

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Frequency Analysis of Maintenance Tasks for Building Components
Sushma Sambhaji Jadhav, Prof. D.S. Patil – April 2018 – Page No.: 215-217

Maintenance frequency is a matter of debate, as it is very difficult to judge ore verdict upon as maintenance frequency may vary from building to building, place to place, use to use and many other such criteria’s which make it difficult and uncertain. Even though maintenance frequency is most subjective matter it is important for maintenance planning and budgetary provision. Through this project attempt is being made to put these maintenance tasks in a range of time instead of one particular time frame. Range as high and low will help predict approximately when the maintenance task can be due and planning and monitory arrangement for the same can be made at appropriate level. Under this research work; civil engineering components such as architectural building components and plumbing components and their alternatives used in India are considered.

Page(s): 215-217                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 May 2018

 Sushma Sambhaji Jadhav
Post Graduated Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Rajaramnagar, Islampur, Maharashtra, India

 Prof. D.S. Patil
Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Rajaramnagar, Islampur, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Dr.-Ing. Carolin Bahr, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Kunibert Lenners University of Karlsruhe (TH), Germany Validation of Maintenance Cycles for Public Buildings
[2]. NSW Heritage Office “Preparing Maintenance Plan.
[3]. Dr.-Stephen J. Kirk, AIA CVS, Alphonse J. Dell’sisola, PE, CVS Life Cycle Costing for Design Professionals.
[4]. Sunday Julius Odediran, Oladele Ayinde Opatunji & Frank O. Eghenure Maintenance of Residential Buildings: Users’ Practices in Nigeria
[5]. Maintainability of facilities – for building professionals
[6]. Simone Pickrell “ Modelling Decision-making in Building Surveying”

Sushma Sambhaji Jadhav, Prof. D.S. Patil “Frequency Analysis of Maintenance Tasks for Building Components” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 215-217 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/215-217.pdf

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Virtual Instrumentation Based Breast Cancer Detection and Classification Using Image-Processing
Bhagyashri K Yadav, Dr. Prof. M. S. Panse – April 2018 – Page No.: 218-221

Breast cancer is an important cause of death in woman. An initial symbol of breast cancer is multiplication of malignant cells in the mammogram. The projected method has been applied in five stages consisting of image preprocessing, extraction of ROI, feature extraction, normalization and classification. In this procedure, we can count the number of defected cells and find their location with image processing. To classify the cancerous region the SVM (SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE) based classifier technique is used in this paper. The projected method has been estimated with MINI MAMMOGRAM IMAGE ANALYSIS SOCIETY (MIAS) database and validated with 200 images of MIAS database.

Page(s): 218-221                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 May 2018

 Bhagyashri K Yadav
Student, M Tech Electronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, India

 Dr. Prof. M. S. Panse
Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, India

[1]. Bhagyashri,”Different Image pre-processing and Feature extraction technique for Breast cancer detection in labview”,IJSTEV4I7028, Volume : 4, Issue : 7,pp 56-58.
[2]. Every Women Counts, Resource for Health Professionals.
[3]. National Breast Cancer accounts.
[4]. A Review On Breast Abnormality Segmentation And Classification Techniques
[5]. JawadNagi , Sameem“Automated Breast Profile Seg-mentation for ROI Detection Using Digital Mammo-grams”, 2010 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering & Sciences (IECBES 2010), pp87-99,2010.
[6]. R. Ramani “The Pre-Processing Techniques for Breast Cancer Detection in Mammography Images” I.J. Image, Graphics and Signal Processing, pp 46-56, 2013.
[7]. D. SujithaPriya “Breast Cancer Detection in Mammo-gram Images Using Region-Growing And Contour- Based Segmentation Techniques” International Journal of Computer & Organization Trends ,Volume 3, Issue 8 Sep 2013,ISSN: 2249.
[8]. Ojo J. A., Adepoju T. M., Omdiora E. O., Olabiyisi O. S. and Bello O. T, ‘Pre-Processing Method for Extraction of Pectoral Muscle and Removal of Artefacts in Mammogram,’ IOSR Journal ofComputer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) e-Volume 16, Issue 3, Ver. V (May-Jun. 2014).
[9]. S.JulianSavari Antony, Dr.S.Ravi, ‘A New Approach to Determine the Classification of Mammographic Image Using K-Means Clustering Algorithm’, International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, Volume 4, Issue 2, February -2015 .
[10]. Chih-Wei Hsu, Chih-Jen Lin, “A Practical Guide to Support Vector Classification”, Dept of Computer Science National Taiwan Uni, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.
[11]. M. L. Kyoung and W. N. Street, “An Adaptive Resource-Allocating Network for Automated Detection, Segmentation, and Classification of Breast Cancer Nuclei Topic Area: Image Processing AndRecognition,” IEEE transactions on neural networks, vol. 14, no. 3, May 2003, pp.679-688.
[12]. D. L. Pham, “Unsupervised tissue classification in medical images using edge-adaptive clustering,” inProc. of 25th Annual InternationalConference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society,2003, vol. 1, pp. 633-638.
[13]. Padmanabhan,S ,Sundararajan,R, ”Enhanced accuracy of breast cancer detection in digital mammograms using wavelet analysis,” Machine Vision and Image Processing (MVIP), International Conference on , vol., no., pp.152-157, 14-15 Dec. 2012
[14]. Jinshan Tang, Yongyi Yang, ”Computer-Aided Detection and Diagnosis of Breast Cancer With Mammography: Recent Advances,” Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on , vol.13, no.2, pp.235 &251, March 2009.
[15]. S. Deepa, Dr.V.SubbiahBharathi, ‘Textural Feature Extraction and Classification of Mammogram Images using CCCM and PNN’, IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) ,Volume 10, Issue 6 May. – Jun. 2013
[16]. J. Suckling, J. Parker, D. R. Dance, S. M. Astley, I. Hutt, C. R. M. Boggis, I. Ricketts, E. Stamatakis,N.Cerneaz, S. L. Kok, P. Taylor,D. Betal, and J. Savage, “The Mammographic Image Analysis Society digital mammogram database,” In Proc. International Workshop on Digital Mammography, pages 211-221, 1994.
[17]. Gr´egoire Mercier and Marc Lennon, “Support Vector Machines for Hyperspectral Image Classification with Spectral-based kernels,” IEEE Transactions 2003, 0-7803-7930-6.
[18]. S. Shanthi, and V. MuraliBhaskaran ,’Computer Aided System for Detection and Classification ofBreast Cancer’, International Journal of Information Technology, Control and Automation (IJITCA) Vol.2, No.4, October 2012
[19]. Neeta Jog, Arvind Pandey, ’Implementation of Segmentation and Classification Techniques for Mammogram Images’, IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN), Vol. 05, Issue 2,(February 2015)

Bhagyashri K Yadav, Dr. Prof. M. S. Panse “Virtual Instrumentation Based Breast Cancer Detection and Classification Using Image-Processing” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 218-221 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/218-221.pdf

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Industrial IOT Based VFD Control for Automation and Discrete Manufacturing
Ketan N Gadgil – April 2018 – Page No.: 222-224

Advancement in technology with automated systems is the requirement of the present Industrial world. Motion control of the systems is required in large number of industries for domestic as well as industrial automation. We have proposed to develop Industrial Internet of things (IIoT) platform for process control and automation applications. As a case study of process control industry we are considering a model of a Continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). This model is having a lot of usage in process and chemical industry for mixing of two or more reactants. Through this project we are planning to integrate the automated device, achieve an analogous system of intelligent devices and at the same time focusing attention on Quality and energy management.

Page(s): 222-224                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 May 2018

 Ketan N Gadgil
Student, Mtech Electronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, India

[1]. Hsu, Chin-Lung; Lin, Judy Chuan-Chuan (2016). “An empirical examination of consumer adoption of Internet of Things services: Network externalities and concern for information privacy perspectives”. Computers in Human Behavior. 62: 516–527. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2016.04.023.
[2]. Erlich, Yaniv (2015). “A vision for ubiquitous sequencing”. Genome Research. 25 (10): 1411–1416. doi:10.1101/gr.191692.115.ISSN 1088-9051. PMC 4579324 . PMID 26430149.
[3]. Sanjay Sarma, David L. Brock & Kevin Ashton. The Networked Physical World. MIT Auto-ID Center White Paper, October 2000. 16 p.
[4]. Demiris, G; Hensel, K (2008). “”Technologies for an Aging Society: A Systematic Review of ‘Smart Home’ Applications”” (PDF). “IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2008”: 33–40. Retrieved 27 October 2017
[5]. Markus Liffler; Andreas Tschiesner (6 January 2013). “The Internet of Things and the future of manufacturing | McKinsey & Company”. Mckinsey.com. Retrieved 2016-11-30
[6]. Lee, Jay; Lapira, Edzel; Bagheri, Behrad; Kao, Hung-an. “Recent advances and trends in predictive manufacturing systems in big data environment”. Manufacturing Letters. 1 (1): 38–41. doi:10.1016/j.mfglet.2013.09.005.
[7]. Sarvari Peiman Alipour, Alp Ustundag, Emre Cevikcan, Ihsan Kaya, and Selcuk Cebi. “Technology Road map for Industry 4.0.” In Industry 4.0: Managing The Digital Transformation, pp. 95-103. Springer, Cham, 2018
[8]. Schmidt, Lanny D. (1998). The Engineering of Chemical Reactions. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510588-5

Ketan N Gadgil “Industrial IOT Based VFD Control for Automation and Discrete Manufacturing” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 222-224 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/222-224.pdf

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Computation of Transmission Line Parameters Using MATLAB
Nishmitha B, Ramya U Hebbar, Durga Prasad, Bommegowda K. B. – April 2018 – Page No.: 225-227

The performance of a transmission line depends on parameters of line. Transmission line has four electrical parameters. They are resistance, inductance, capacitance and conductance. The inductance and capacitance are due to the effect of magnetic fields around the conductor. The parameters R, L and C are essential for the development of the transmission line model to be used in power system analysis both during planning and operation stages. While the resistance of the conductor is best determined from manufacturer data, the inductance and capacitance can be evaluated using appropriate formula. The aim of the experiment is to determine the positive sequence line parameters, L and C per phase per kilometer of a single phase and three phase transmission lines using MATLAB.

Page(s): 225-227                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 09 May 2018

 Nishmitha B
Student, Department of ECE, NMAMIT, Nitte, Karnataka, India

 Ramya U Hebbar
Student, Department of ECE, NMAMIT, Nitte, Karnataka, India

 Durga Prasad
Faculty, Department of ECE, NMAMIT, Nitte, Karnataka, India

 Bommegowda K. B.
Faculty, Department of ECE, NMAMIT, Nitte, Karnataka, India

[1]. Chen T. S. “Determination of the capacitance, inductance, and characteristic impedance of rectangular lines”, IRE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 8, no. 5: 510-519.
[2]. Anderson, George M. “The calculation of the capacitance of coaxial cylinders of rectangular cross-section”, Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers 69, no. 2: 728-731.
[3]. Cruzan, Orval R. and Robert V. Garver “Characteristic impedance of rectangular coaxial transmission lines”, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 12, no. 5: 488-495.
[4]. Tippet, John C., D. C. Chang “A new approximation for the capacitance of a rectangular-coaxial-strip transmission line”, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 24, no. 9: 602-604.
[5]. https://professorrajan.com

Nishmitha B, Ramya U Hebbar, Durga Prasad, Bommegowda K. B. “Computation of Transmission Line Parameters Using MATLAB” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 225-227 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/225-227.pdf

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Experimental Investigation of Active Cooling System for Photovoltaic Cell
Nikhil Kadam, Ritesh Kumar Singh, Darshan S Kumbar, Bhimanagouda S B – April 2018 – Page No.: 228-231

In the present situation of energy crisis, the utilization of renewable energy sources has got great scope due to depletion of fossil fuels and stringent rules on exhaust gases. Increasing prices due to limited resources and rising demand pose serious problems even for rich countries. A clean inexhaustible source of energy is needed, that is, the sun. Solar energy can be used in various indirect (Biomass, hydropower, wind) and direct forms (solar thermal power, photovoltaic system).The electrical efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) cell is adversely affected by the increase of cell operating temperature during absorption of solar radiation. The design of cooling system to enhance the efficiency of photovoltaic cells has got a great potential.

This paper deals with the design, fabrication and experimental investigation of active cooling system for PV cells. To actively cool the PV cells, where the type of heat exchanger called fins are to be attached at the back of a panel for the air cooling. An experiment is performed with and without active cooling and performance analysis is presented. The use active cooling system has resulted in increase in conversion efficiency by 2-3%.

Page(s): 228-231                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 May 2018

 Nikhil Kadam
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology Karnataka, Moodbidri, Mangalore 574225, India.

 Ritesh Kumar Singh
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology Karnataka, Moodbidri, Mangalore 574225, India.

 Darshan S Kumbar
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology Karnataka, Moodbidri, Mangalore 574225, India.

 Bhimanagouda S B
Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology Karnataka, Moodbidri, Mangalore 574225, India.

[1]. Dubey Swapnil, Sandhu GS, Tiwari GN.Analytical expression for electrical efficiency of PV/T hybrid air collector.Appl Energy 2009; 86:697–705.
[2]. Prasad BN, Saini JS. Optimal thermohydraulic performance of artificially roughened solar air heaters. Solar Energy 1991; 47:91–6.
[3]. Han JC, Park JS.Developing heat transfer in rectangularchannels with rib tabulators.Int J Heat Mass Transfer 1988; 31:183–95.
[4]. Gupta D, Solanki SC, Saini JS. Heat and fluid flow inrectangular solar air heater ducts having transverse rib roughness on absorber plates. Solar Energy 1993; 51:31–7.
[5]. Garg HP, Datta G. Performance studies on a finned-air heater. Energy 1989; 14:87–92.

Nikhil Kadam, Ritesh Kumar Singh, Darshan S Kumbar, Bhimanagouda S B “Experimental Investigation of Active Cooling System for Photovoltaic Cell” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 228-231 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/228-231.pdf

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Smart Hydraulic System for Tractors
Anusha A Poojary, Chaithra, Jyothi, Yashaswi S – April 2018 – Page No.: 232-235

Tractor automations in the present days are of myriad forms depending upon the various needs. This paper is to visualize the existing automations and other manual operations of the peripherals fitted to a tractor and to propose a system of sensors that identify the motions of the peripherals experiencing an obstruction during the field work and which sends signals the Arduino to adjust the peripherals accordingly so as to avoid any damage to the parts of the peripherals and the hydraulic systems involved. This proposed system will significantly increase the engine efficiency and reduce the fuel consumption and wear-and-tear of the tractor parts.

Page(s): 232-235                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 May 2018

 Anusha A Poojary
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

 Chaithra
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

 Jyothi
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

 Yashaswi S
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, AIET, Moodbidri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

[1]. S. C. Mukhopadhyay, G. Sen Gupta, J. W. Howarth, “Embedded Microcontroller and Sensors Based Front End Loader Control System”, 2008, I2MTC 2008 – IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Victoria, Vancouver Island, Canada, May 12-15, 2008
[2]. Sekath Varma, K. Nithiyananthan. “MATLAB Simulations based Identification Model for Various Points in Global Positioning System”, International Journal of Computer Applications (2015).
[3]. M. Hern´andez-Pajares, J.M. Juan Zornoza, J. SanzSubirana. A book on “GPS data processing: code and phase Algorithms, Techniques and Recipes” Research group of Astronomy and Geometrics, Spain.
[4]. Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ. A thesis on “Calculations For Positioning With The Global Navigation Satellite System”, Ohio University.
[5]. Alberto CinaAnd Marco Piras. ”Performance of low-cost GNSS receiver for landslides monitoring: test and results”.Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk (2015).
[6]. Guo-Xiang Ai, Hu-Li Shi,” A Positioning System based on Communication Satellites and the Chinese Area Positioning System (CAPS)”.Chin. J. Astron. Astrophysics. Vol. 8 (2008).

Anusha A Poojary, Chaithra, Jyothi, Yashaswi S “Smart Hydraulic System for Tractors ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 232-235 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/232-235.pdf

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Electrocoagulation of Canteen Waste Water Using Aluminium and Steel Electrodes
Aswathi Mithran, Gana VB, Anjali S – April 2018 – Page No.: 236-240

Treatment of canteen wastewaters by electrocoagulation using aluminium and steel electrode plate has been investigated in this project. A sample of 600 cubic centimeters is taken in the electrolytic cell and is made up to run at different interval of time i.e,10, 15,20,25 minutes and different volts (20V, 25V, 30V). The combination effects of Volts and treatment time to the efficiency of the electrocoagulation process for the removal of Biochemical Oxygen Demand, Turbidity was considered to evaluate the treatment efficiencies. The results showed that effluent waste water was very clear, and the quality exceeded the general effluent standards. Aluminium is the suitable plate for the removal of waste as it removes 94.4% of BOD when compared to steel plate which only removes 83% at 30 volts in 25 minutes. Turbidity reduced to 98.59 % by using aluminium plate at 30 volt for 25 minute treatment time on the other hand by using steel it only reduced to 97.79% at 30 V for a treatment time of 10 minute.pH level can be brought to a neutral range of 7 by using steel plate when compared to aluminium plate.

Page(s): 236-240                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 May 2018

 Aswathi Mithran
Assistant Professor, Dept. Of Civil Engineering, M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Gana VB
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), M DIT Ulliyeri, India

 Anjali S
Student M TECH (Environmental Engineering), M DIT Ulliyeri, India

[1] Akanksha, Roopashree G. B, Lokesh K.S (2013) Comparative study of electrode material (iron, aluminium and stainless steel) for treatment of textile industry Wastewater , International Journal Of Environmental Sciences Volume 4, No 4, 2013
[2] Er. Devendra Dohare, Tina Sisodia (2014), Applications of Electrocoagulation in treatment of Industrial Wastewater: A Review” International Journal Of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology [Dohare, 3(11): November, 2014]
[3] E-S.Z. El-AshtoukhyY.A.El-Taweel, O. Abdelwahab , E.M.Nassef (2013) , Treatment of Petrochemical Wastewater Containing Phenolic Compounds by Electrocoagulation Using a Fixed Bed Electrochemical Reactor” International Journal Electrochemical Science, 8 (2013) 1534 – 1550
[4] Mehmet Kobya, OrhanTaner Can, MahmutBayramoglu (2003), Treatment of textile wastewaters by electrocoagulation using iron and aluminum electrodes,Journal of Hazardous Materials B100 (2003) 163–178
[5] MikkoVepsäläinen(2012), Electrocoagulation in the treatment of industrial waters and wastewaters , Espoo 2012. VTT Science 19. 96 p
[6] MohFaiqunNi’am , Fadil Othman , Johan Sohaili , Zulfa Fauzia (2007), Removal Of Cod And Turbidity To Improve Wastewater Quality Using Electrocoagulation Technique,The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol 11, No 1 (2007):198-205
[7] NilsonMarriaga-Cabrales and Fiderman Machuca-Martínez (2014) Fundamentals of electrocoagulation. Evaluation of Electrochemical Reactors as a New Way to Environmental Protection , 2014: 1-16 ISBN: 978-81-308-0549-8 Editors: Juan M. Peralta-Hernández, Manuel A. Rodrigo-Rodrigo and Carlos A. Martínez-Huitle
[8] Ravi Shankar, Lovjeet Singh, Prasenjit Mondal, Shri Chand, ( 2013) , Removal of Lignin from Wastewater through Electro-Coagulation, World Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2013, Vol. 1, No. 2, 16-20
[9] S. M. Kanawade , (2012) ,The Wastewater Treatment by Electrocoagulation & It’s Reuse” ISSN:2319-6602 International Journal of Chemical and Physical Sciences
[10] Y.O.A. Fouad, A.H. Konsowa, H.A. Farag, G.H. Sedahmed , (2009),Performance of an electrocoagulation cell with horizontally oriented electrodes in oil separation compared to a cell with vertical electrodes , Chemical Engineering Journal 145 (2009) 436–440

Aswathi Mithran, Gana VB, Anjali S “Electrocoagulation of Canteen Waste Water Using Aluminium and Steel Electrodes” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 236-240 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/236-240.pdf

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Automatic Bottle Filling Attachment
Hiren Kaklotar, Amish. K. Hirpara, Omkar. M. Sahani, Vinayak. V. Soni – April 2018 – Page No.: 241-243

In the field of automation there has been a drastic demand of equipment and machines working automatically. The field of automation plays an important role in the world economy. The manufacturer of machines and equipment are trying to make things automatic as per the customer demand of automatic machines and inventions. The filling is a task carried out by a machine that packages liquid products such as cold drinks, milk, water, etc. To fill the bottles at required defined volume the manufacturer demands automatic machines and system which can be controlled by less efforts and buttons or switches. In past humans were used as a method for controlling a system or procedure. More recently, electricity is used for controlling the systems like filling bottle. Now this study will help in filling the water bottles automatically without any electrical components. This study helps in filling the bottles automatically with mechanism in domestic refrigerator without using any electricity in mechanisms. This system is merely never made and is mostly beneficial towards household works. This system saves a lot of time without using electricity in mechanisms. This project meets the demand of the customers and will help the manufacturer at earning money at a competitive level in industry of refrigerator manufacturers.

Page(s): 241-243                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 May 2018

 Hiren Kaklotar
Bhagwan Mahavir Polytechnic, Surat, Gujarat, India

 Amish. K. Hirpara
Bhagwan Mahavir Polytechnic, Surat, Gujarat, India

 Omkar. M. Sahani
Bhagwan Mahavir Polytechnic, Surat, Gujarat, India

 Vinayak. V. Soni
Bhagwan Mahavir Polytechnic, Surat, Gujarat, India

[1]. Thermal Engineering by R K Rajput
[2]. Machine Design By V.B. Bhandari
[3]. Wikipedia
[4]. Research paper

Hiren Kaklotar, Amish. K. Hirpara, Omkar. M. Sahani, Vinayak. V. Soni “Automatic Bottle Filling Attachment” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 241-243 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/241-243.pdf

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A Review of Kanban-based Manufacturing Systems

Shobha N S, Dr. Subramanya K N – April 2018 Page No.: 244-246

The purpose of this paper is to review the earlier research works carried out on Kanban based manufacturing and the analytical tools used to determine number of Kanbans. The review is made by considering various factors including variations of Kanban, production systems adopted in various types of organizations, and analytical tools and techniques adopted for modeling the system. One of the important finding is the behavior of modified Kanban and its effects on production systems. The results of various studies would also help in designing a novel production system which might be better than the existing systems. This review serves as guidelines for implementing Kanban system in various production systems and also to identify the critical parameters

Page(s): 244-246                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 May 2018

 Shobha N S
Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, R V College of Engineering, Bengaluru – 560 059, Karnataka, India

 Dr. Subramanya K N
Principal and Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, R V College of Engineering, Bengaluru – 560 059, Karnataka, India

[1]. Kimura, O., & Terada, H. (1981), “Design and analysis of Pull System, a method of multi-stage production control”, The International Journal of Production Research, 19(3), 241-253.
[2]. Price, W., Gravel, M., & Nsakanda, A. L. (1994), “A review of optimization models of Kanban-based production systems”, European Journal of Operational Research, 75(1), 1-12.
[3]. Sengupta, S., Sharief, F., & Dutta, S. P. (1999), “Determination of the optimal number of kanbans and kanban allocation in a FMS: A simulation based study”, Production Planning & Control, 10(5), 439-447.
[4]. Panayiotou, C. G., & Cassandras, C. G. (1999), “Optimization of kanban-based manufacturing systems”, Automatica, 35(9), 1521-1533.
[5]. Tardif, V., & Maaseidvaag, L. (2001). “An adaptive approach to controlling kanban systems”, European Journal of Operational Research, 132(2), 411-424.
[6]. Kochel, P., & Nieländer, U. (2002), “Kanban optimization by simulation and evolution”, Production Planning & Control, 13(8), 725-734.
[7]. Dub, M., Pipan, G., & Hanzálek, Z. (2002), “Stock optimization of a kanban-based assembly line”, In Proc. of the 12th int. conf. on flexible automation and intelligent manufacturing, Dresden, Germany, 1-10.
[8]. Krishnamurthy, A., & Suri, R. (2006), “Performance analysis of single stage kanban controlled production systems using parametric decomposition”, Queuing Systems, 54(2), 141-162.
[9]. Kumar, C. S., & Panneerselvam, R. (2007), “Literature review of JIT-KANBAN system”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 32(3-4), 393-408.
[10]. Ramanan, G. V., & Rajendran, C. (2003), “Scheduling in kanban-controlled flow shops to minimise the makespan of containers”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 21(5), 348-354.
[11]. Liang, H., Yuan, G., Feng, Q., Suzhou, T., & Delun, W. (IEEE, February 2010), “Design of a multi-product kanban system based on bottleneck analysis”, In Computer and Automation Engineering (ICCAE), Vol. 4, 80-83.
[12]. Al-Tahat, M. D., & Mukattash, A. M. (2006), “Design and analysis of production control scheme for Kanban-based JIT environment”, Journal of the Franklin Institute, 343(4-5), 521-531.
[13]. Junior, M. L., & Godinho Filho, M. (2010), “Variations of the kanban system: Literature review and classification”, International Journal of Production Economics, 125(1), 13-21.
[14]. Sivakumar, G. D., & Shahabudeen, P. (2008), “Design of multi-stage adaptive kanban system”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 38(3-4), 321.
[15]. Yang, L., Zhang, X., & Jiang, M. (2010), “An optimal Kanban system in a multi-stage, mixed-model assembly line”, Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering, 19(1), 36-49.
[16]. Ananth Krishnamurthy & Rajan Suri. (2006), “Performance analysis of single stage kanban controlled production systems using parametric decomposition”. Queuing Syst Vol.54, 141–162.
[17]. Zhang, L. (2013), “Kanban-controlled exponential production lines: analysis and design”, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 24(3), 358-383.
[18]. Ghelichi, A., & Abdelgawad, A. (IEEE, December 2014), “A study on RFID-based Kanban system in inventory management”, Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 1357-1361.
[19]. Tregubov, A., & Lane, J. A. (2015), “Simulation of Kanban-based scheduling for systems of systems: initial results”, Procedia Computer Science, 44, 224-233.

Shobha N S, Dr. Subramanya K N “A Review of Kanban-based Manufacturing Systems” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.244-246 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/244-246.pdf

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Robotic Arm for Trash Collecting and Separating Robot
Sumaiya Sultana RA, Soundarya P, Soumya RK, Niveditha, Prof. Santhosh S – April 2018 – Page No.: 247-250

The rising population of India poses serious threats with regard to the availability of living space, utilization of natural resources and raw materials, education and employment. The serious peril that follows is the escalating amount of waste generated each minute by an individual. Developing a mechanized system to help save the lives of many and making the world a cleaner and a greener place is the noble objective of the project.
A proposed system where the collection of some database of garbage images where it is necessary to train those images and to get some features of all the images and then by using the Pi-camera real time images are captured and then it should detect the features of that particular image whether it is a garbage image or not, if yes then it will checks for the segregation either dry or wet waste by using kNN algorithm. If there is no garbage on the road then raspberry pi will inform the robot to move forward, if there is any waste present on the road then accordingly to the segregated it will pick and place the garbage in specific direction. That is if it finds out the waste is dry, then the dry waste will be placed on right side else wet waste is placed on left side.

Page(s): 247-250                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 May 2018

 Sumaiya Sultana RA
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Soundarya P
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Soumya RK
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Niveditha
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Prof. Santhosh S
Dept. of Electronics and Communication, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Daniel Hoornweg et al., “WHAT A WASTE A Global Review of Solid Waste Management”, Urban Development & Local Government Unit World Bank, Washington, DC., No.15, Mar. 2012
[2]. Nishiyama Kothari ,”Waste to Wealth”, NSWAI, New Delhi, Jul. 2013
[3]. Claudine Capel, “INNOVATIONS IN WASTE”, Waste-management-world Volume 11, Issue 2, Mar 2010
[4]. J.S. Bajaj, “Urban Solid Waste management in India“, Planning Commission Government of India, NEW DELHI,1995
[5]. Claudine Capel, “WASTE SORTING – A LOOK AT THE SEPARATION AND SORTING TECHNIQUES IN TODAY’S EUROPEAN MARKET”, Waste management-world, Volume 9, Issue 4, Jul 2008
[6]. LDC1000 Inductance to Digital Converter, Texas instruments, Dallas, TX,Sept 2013
[7]. MSP430x2xx Family User’s Guide, Texas instruments, Dallas, Tx, Dec 2004–Revised Jul 2013
[8]. “Relative Dielectric constant Ωr(dk value) of liquids and solid materials”, Endress Hauser, Weil am Rhein, Baden-Württemberg, 2000
[9]. M.S. Venkatesh et al., “An Overview of Microwave Processing and Dielectric Properties of Agri-food Materials”, Biosystems Engineering (2004) 88 (1), pp 1–18

Sumaiya Sultana RA, Soundarya P, Soumya RK, Niveditha, Prof. Santhosh S “Robotic Arm for Trash Collecting and Separating Robot” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 247-250 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/247-250.pdf

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Comparison of Adam’s Bashforth Method and Finite Difference Method
Dr. Birendra Kumar Singh – April 2018 – Page No.: 251-254

The comparison between Adam’s Bashforth method and Finite difference method is done for double differential equation of mean depth of flow and mean velocity of flow. It is found that Finite difference method is more appropriate because the mean velocity of flow y2 = 0.640 m/sec = Mean velocity found by Finite difference method which is nearly equal to the value obtained by table of 0.75-inch roughness bed data (provided in the section – Observation tables in the manuscript). On the basis of y2 determined, the corresponding value of discharge of flow is found from table of 0.75-inch roughness bed data and discharge of flow for river hydraulics is found and hence thickness of stone pitching, thickness of apron and scoured depth are determined.

Page(s): 251-254                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 Dr. Birendra Kumar Singh
Civil Engineering Department, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi-835215 (Jharkhand), India

[1]. ACaroglu, E.R (1972), “Friction factors is solid material systems “, J. Hydraulic Div. Am. SOC. Civ. Eng, 98(HY 4),681 – 699
[2]. Alam, A.M.Z. and Kennedy J.F (1969),” Friction factors for flow in sand bed channels “, J Hydraulic Div. Am. SOC Civ. Eng 95(HY 6), 1973 – 1992
[3]. Ben Chie Yen F. (January 1.2002), “Open channel flow resistance”, Journal of theHydraulic Engg. Vol 128, No – 1 ASCE, PP,20 – 39
[4]. Bray, D.I. (1979), “Estimating average velocity in gravel bed – rivers “, J Hydraulic Div. Am. SOC Civ. Eng. 105 (HY 9), 1103 – 1122
[5]. Bathurst, J.C., “Flow Resistance of Large-Scale Roughness”, Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE, Vol. 104, No. HY12, Paper 14239, Dec., 1978, pp.1587.
[6]. Bathurst, J.C., Li, R-M., and Simsons, D.B., “Hydraulics of Mountains Rivers”, Report No. CER78-79JCB-RML-DBS55, Civil Engineering Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo., 1979.
[7]. Bathurst, J.C., “Flow Resistance in Boulder-Bed Streams,” 22-28, 1980. University East Anglia/Institute Hydrology/Colorado State University International Workshop on Engineering Problems in the Management of Gravel Bed Rivers, held at Gregyong, Newtown, Wales, U.K. (Proceedings to be Published by John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y.)
[8]. Charlton, F.G., Brown, P.M., and Benson, R.W., “The Hydraulic Geometry of Some Gravel Rivers in Britain.” Report No. ITI80. Hydraulics Research Station Wallingford, U.K., July 1978.
[9]. Day, T., “The channel Geometry of Mountain Streams.”, Mountains Geomorydlogy Olav Slaymaker and H.J. McPherson, eds, Tantalus Research Ltd., B.C., 1972, pp. 141-149.
[10]. Day, T.T., discussion of “Resistance Equation for Alluvial-Channel Flow,” by D.E. Burkham and D.R. Dawdy, Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE, Vol. 103, No. HY5. Proc. Paper 12896, May, 1977, pp. 582-584.
[11]. Dey S, Raikar R.V. (2007), “Characteristic of loose rough boundary streams at near threshold”, Journal of Hydraulic Engg. ASCE 133(3), 288-304
[12]. Flammer, G.H., Tullis,J. Mason, E.S., “Free Surface Velocity Gradient Flow Past Hemisphere,” Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE, Vol. 96, No.HY7, Proc Paper 7418, July, 1970, pp.1485-1502.
[13]. Golubtsov, V.V., “Hydraulic Resistance and Formula for Computing the Average Flow Velocity of Mountain Rivers,” Soviet Hydrology: Selected Papers, American Geophysical Union, No. 5, 1969, pp. 500-511.
[14]. Griffiths, G.A. (1981) “Flow resistance in course gravel bed rivers “, J. Hydraulic Div. An soc. Civ. Eng. 107 (HY – 7), 899 – 918
[15]. Hartung, F., and Scheuerlein. H., “Macroturbulent Flow in Steep Open Channels with High Natural Roughness,” Proceedings of the Twelfih Congress of the International Association for Hydraulic Research, Fort Collins, Colo., Vol, 1, Sept., 1967, pp, 1-8.
[16]. Herbich, J.B., and Shulits, S., “Large-Scale Roughness in Open Channel Flow”, Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE, Vol. 90, No. HY6, Proc. Paper 4105, Nov., 1964, pp, 203-230.
[17]. Hey, R.D., “Flow Resistance in Gravel-Bed Rivers,” Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE, Vol. 105, No. HY4, Proc. Paper 14500, Apr., 1979, pp, 365-379.
[18]. Johansson, C.E., “Orientation of Pebbles in Running Water”,GeografiskaAnneler, Vol. 45, Stockholan, Sweden, 1963, pp,85-112.
[19]. Judd, H.E., and Peterson, D.F., “Hydraulics of Large Bed Element Channels”, Report No. PRWG 17-6, Utah Water Research Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, 1969.
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[25]. LI, R-M., Simons, D.B., Ward, T.J., and Steele, K.S., “Phase 1 Report: Hydraulic Model Study of Flow Control Structures”, Report No. CER77-78RML-DBS-TJW, KSS15, Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo., Nov., 1977.
[26]. Lovera, F. and kennedy J.F (1969), “Friction factors for flat – bed flows in sand channel”, J Hydraulic Div., Am. Soc. CivEng 95 (HY 4), 1227 – 1234.
[27]. Miller, J.P., “High Mountain Streams: Effects of Geology on Channel Characteristics and Bed Material”, Memoir No. 4, State Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, N.M., 1958.
[28]. Peterson, D.F., and Mohanty, P.K., “Flume Studies of Flow in Steep, Rough Channels”, Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE, Vol. 86, HY9, Proc. Paper 2653, Nov., 1960, pp,55-76.
[29]. Petryk, S. and shen, H.W (1971), “Direct measurement of shear stream in a flume “, J Hydraulic Div. Am. SOC. Civ. Eng. 97(HY – 6), 883 – 887
[30]. Thompson, S.M. and Campbell, P.L. (1979), “Hydraulics of a large channel paved with boulders”, J. Hydraulics Research, 17(4), 341-354
[31]. Van RiJn, L.C. (1982), “Equivalent roughness of alluvial bed”, J Hydraulics Div, Am, SOC.Civ.Eng. 108 (HY10), 1215-1218
[32]. Whiting P.J and Dietrich W.E. (1990), “Boundary Shear Stress and roughness over mobile alluvial beds”, J Hydraulic Engg 116(12), 1495-01511

Dr. Birendra Kumar Singh “Comparison of Adam’s Bashforth Method and Finite Difference Method” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 251-254 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/251-254.pdf

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Environmental Education
Albert Horo – April 2018 – Page No.: 255-259

Environmental problems are basically concerned withan understanding of the environmental mechanism which includes the people. The environment issues are being studied by ever increasing number of disciplines, institutions and individuals. Environment Education is in one sense an integrating discipline bringing together teaching in science, social science, mathematics, to name a few. At the same time it is a perspective – a way of looking at things of analyzing and evaluating. It has during the past decades that an awareness of the need for a harmonious relationship with nature as becomes concretized. While Science has been responsible for the larger extent of damage done to ecology, abetted to a great degree by men’s innate avarice, it is nonetheless science itself that has pointed out the damages inflicted on Nature and man’s ecosystem in all these centuries of exploitation. Environment Education has finally coin home to stay as a permanent component of the school curriculum.

Page(s): 255-259                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 Albert Horo
DESSH, Regional Institute of Education, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

[1] Alam, Sarfaraz, (2003). The Role of Geography in Environmental Education. The Primary Teacher, 28 (4) 5-13.
[2] Alam, Sarfaraz, (2008). Environmental Study as an independent subject in Indian Schools? The Geography Teacher, 5 (1): 26-28.
[3] Birkenhauer, Joseph, (2002). “Proposal for a Geography Curriculum ‘2000+’ for Germany”, International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 11 (3).
[4] Environmental Education for Sustainable Development, 1977, UNESCO, Tbilisi Declaration.
[5] Geography vs. ecology leads to fire in Bihar. The Times of India. Patna. January 22, 2004. <http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/438067.cms>;
[6] Gerber, R, (1996). Interpretive approaches to geographical and environmental education research. In M. Williams (ed.) Understanding Geographical and Environmental Education (pp. 12–25). New York: Cassell.
[7] Huckle, John,(1985). Geography and Schooling’ in Johnston, R.J. ed. The Future of Geography, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London: 291-306.
[8] Hudson, B, (1994). Geography in the Colonial Schools: The Classroom Experience in West Indian Literature, Geography. 79 (4) (245): 322-329.
[9] Johnston, R. J, (1986).On Human Geography, (Oxford: Basil Blackwell), pp. 144-167.
[10] Kapur, Anu, (2004). Geography in India: A Languishing Social Science. Economic and Political Weekly, September 11: pp. 4187-4195.
[11] Kaur, Parampreet and Naveen Chaudhri, (2003). The status of geoscience education in school curriculum, Current Science 84 (5): 618-619.
[12] Kumar, Pramila, (1996). Teaching-Learning Process in Geography. in L. R. Singh ed. New Frontiers in Indian Geography, R. N. Dubey Foundation, Allahabad: 246-253.
[13] National Curriculum Framework for School Education 2000. NCERT New Delhi.
[14] National Curriculum Framework. 2005. National Council of Educational Research and Training, New Delhi.
[15] NCERT, (1965). Social Studies: A Draft Syllabus for Class I to IX. NCERT New Delhi.
[16] Report of the Education Commission, 1964-66 (New Delhi: Ministry of Education, Government of India, 1966).
[17] Report of the Secondary Education Commission 1952 -1953 (New Delhi: Ministry of Education, Government of India,).
[18] Sukhwal, Bhiru L, (1984). Geography in Indian Secondary Schools. The National Geographical Journal of India, 30 (4): 223-230.
[19] Tilbury, D. andWalford, R, (1996). Grounded theory: Defying the dominant paradigm inenvironmental education research. In M.Williams (ed.) Understanding GeographicalandEnvironmental Education (pp. 51–64). New York: Cassell.
[20] Website of National Disaster Management Authority: http://www.ndmindia.nic.in

Albert Horo “Environmental Education” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 255-259 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/255-259.pdf

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Investigation in Deterioration of Automobile Parts due to Atmospheric Corrosion

M.Sathishkumar, Manikandan.E, Prabhakaran.V, Prabhakaran.K – April 2018 Page No.: 260-262

In daily life, we are using automobiles for different purposes at different seasons at different climatic conditions. So the different environment conditions affect our automobile painted parts and corrosion happens in every part by atmospheric condition. The different environment conditions of atmosphere like humidity, temperature, pollution, air, water, carbon dioxide, acid rain, etc affect automobile parts. From the above mentioned factors any one of the following will definitely attack automobile parts. So there is need to give the resistance to corrosion of paint to prevent it from atmospheric corrosion. In these studies we have taken the number plate as a sample part which is made up mild steel to obtain required coating of paint to prevent it from the different atmospheric conditions. Mild steel is chosen because of its strength, machinability, elasticity, ductility material. So investigation is carried out in the mild steel automobile parts by spraying salt solutions by using the fabricated salt spray testing machine. From continuous spraying of salt solutions mild steel automobile parts will tend to loss some metal due to corrosion. So due to weight loss, the strength of the parts may decrease. By this weight loss method it is analyze, that the part was corroded by any one of the above mentioned factors. So from this study it is studied that the automobile coated parts affected by atmospheric corrosion is analyzed by these investigation at different form of atmospheric conditions.

Page(s): 260-262                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 M.Sathishkumar
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS Collège of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Manikandan.E
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS Collège of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Prabhakaran.V
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS Collège of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

 Prabhakaran.K
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS Collège of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

[1]. ASTM American Society for Testing of Materials. ASTM B 117-07a Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus, 2007.
[2]. Y. Zheng, B. Brown and S. Nesic, “Electrochemical study and modeling of H2S corrosion of mild steel,” Corrosion, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 351-365, 2014.
[3]. F. Atmani, D. Lahem, M. Poelman, C. Buess-Herman, and M.-G. Olivier, Mild Steel Corrosion in Chloride Environment: Effect of Surface Preparation and Influence of Inorganic Inhibitors, J. Corros. Eng. Sci. Technol., 2013.
[4]. De la Fuente D, Diaz I, Simancas J, Chico B, Morcillo M (2011) Longterm atmospheric corrosion of mild steel. Corros Sci 53:604–617.
[5]. I.S. Cole, F. Chen, C. Chu, M. Breedon, M. Venkatraman, P.A. White, Computational design of inhibited paint film −stage 3 final report CSIRO Client Report (EP 64380), (2015).
[6]. S. Nesic, and K.L. Lee, “A mechanistic model for carbon dioxide corrosion of mild steel in the presence of protective iron carbonate films Part 1: A numerical experiment”, Corrosion, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 616-628, 2003.
[7]. D. de la Fuente, J. Alca´ntara, B. Chico, I. D´ıaz, J.A. Jime´nez, and M. Morcillo, Characterisation of Rust Surfaces Formed on Mild Steel Exposed to Marine Atmospheres Using XRD and SEM/Micro-Raman Techniques, Corros. Sci., 2016, 110(9), p 253–264.
[8]. G a r d i n e r, C., Melchers R., 2002. Corrosion of Mild Steel in Porous Media, Corrosion Science, Vol. 44, pp. 2459-2478.
[9]. S. Nesic, “Carbon dioxide corrosion of mild steel,” Uhlig’s Corrosion Handbook, 3rd edition, edited by W.Revie, p.229, John Wiley and Sons Inc. (2011).
[10]. IS0 9223, Corrosion of metals and alloys. Classification of corrosivity of atmospheres, International Standards Organization, 1992.
[11]. M. Morcillo, in Atmospheric Corrosion, ASTM STP 1239, ed W. Kirk and H. Lawson. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, 1995, p. 257

M.Sathishkumar, Manikandan.E, Prabhakaran.V, Prabhakaran.K “Investigation in Deterioration of Automobile Parts due to Atmospheric Corrosion” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.260-262 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/260-262.pdf

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The Scenario of Free Carbon Dioxide Availability in the Upper and Lower Strata of Ashtamudi Estuary
Divya. S. Rajan – April 2018 – Page No.: 263-270

Wetlands, the most productive ecosystems, and in terms of economic and ecosystem service values they outweigh forest ecosystems. The major reason for its drastic decline is the failure to consider wetland as a productive unit of land. They have always been at one time or other a community dumping site of waste of industrial, commercial, agricultural, municipal or domestic orgin, Ashtamudi estuary is one of the major estuarine systems of the south west coast of India. It is an open system as there is no sand bar formation in any season during the course of an year. The Thekkumbhagam creek of this fragile ecosystem that constitute a great potential for economic, cultural, scientific and recreational value to human. At present this estuary is facing many threats like pollution, over-fishing, sand mining, bank erosion and loss of mangroves. The present investigation was undertaken in the light of the lacuna that exists in our scientific understanding of the nature of the seasonal variations of free carbon dioxide in accordance with rainfall availability. The carbon dioxide of surface water values ranges from 0 to 20.68 ppm and bottom water from 0 to 17.62ppm. The study is particularly relevant in the context of the ever increasing threat to the estuarine ecosystem from various sources of pollution. Decisions concerning the protection of these wetland have to be undertaken.

Page(s): 263-270                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 Divya. S. Rajan
Guest Lecturer, P.G Department of Zoology, Christian College, Chengannur, Kerala, India

[1]. Badarudeen, A;Damodaran,K .T & Sajan,K.1996.Texture and geochemistry of the sediments of a tropical mangrove ecosystem, south west coast of India .Environ, Geol.27:164-169.
[2]. Balls,R.W.1992.Nutrient behaviour in two contrasting Scottish estuaries ,the Forth and Tay,Oceanologica.Acta,15:p261-277.
[3]. Bell,P.R.F.1991.Status of Eutrophication in the great barrier reef lagoon. Mar. Pollut. Bull, 23:p89-93.
[4]. Chattopadhyay,G.N.1998.Chemical Analysis of fish pond water and soil.Daya
[5]. Jose,K.Xavier.1993. Studies on the nutrient chemistry of Chaliyar river estuary.Ph.D Thesis.p100-163.
[6]. Karande, A.A.1991.Use of epifaunal communities in pollution monitoring. J. Environ. Biol: p191-200.
[7]. Laxminarayan, J.S.S.1965.Studies on phytoplankton of the river Ganga, Varanassi, India, Part 1-4., Hydrobiologia.p119-175. .
[8]. Salve, B.S &Hiware, C.J. 2006.Studies on water quality of Wanparakalpa reservior, Nagpur near Parli Vaijnath,Dt.Beed Marathwada region .J.Aqua.Bio.Vol.21(2).p113-117

Divya. S. Rajan “The Scenario of Free Carbon Dioxide Availability in the Upper and Lower Strata of Ashtamudi Estuary” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 263-270 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/263-270.pdf

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Biological Monitoring of Some Hydrographical Features of Ashtamudi Estuary
Divya. S. Rajan – April 2018 – Page No.: 271-284

Wetlands, the receptacle of a large variety of effluents are integral parts and there is a need to manage it in relation to its wise use. Hydrology is the single most important factor responsible for the formation and sustenance of the wetland. This study has been furnished to highlight the monthly variations of certain hydrographical features of the Thekkumbhagam creek of Ashtamudi estuary. Kerala, the God’s own Country blessed with green vegetation, rivers, back waters and many other natural resources has been put on a severe stress due to over exploitation and pollution. Present study investigates the variations in atmospheric temperature, water temperature, transparency with respect to seasons. From the present investigation, it is inferred that there was a gradual increase in temperature from January to May and the temperature declined during the monsoon followed by increase in the later months. Low water temperature observed in downstream in certain periods may be due to the intrusion of comparatively cooler water from the sea. The temperature values thus showed an increasing trend from downstream to up stream. The recorded higher post-monsoonal values may be due to low intensity of solar radiation and higher concentration of discharge and bottom sediment could also be the important factors in governing light penetration. Analysis implies that it is essential to adopt suitable technologies for decontaminating these waters. Lack of awareness of wetland values and importance could be one of the major reasons for not recognizing wetland as a separate “entity” and for not giving the importance it deserves.

Page(s): 271-284                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 Divya. S. Rajan
Guest Lecturer, P.G Department of Zoology, Christian College, Chengannur, Kerala, India.

[1]. Balakrishnan,K.P&Shynamma, C.S.1976. Diel variations in hydrographic conditions during different seasons in the Cochin Harbour, Indian .J.Mar.Sci,5.p195-199.
[2]. Chattopadhyay,G.N.1998.Chemical Analysis of fish pond water and soil.Daya Publishing House,New Delhi.India.p130.
[3]. Gray,N.F.1994. Drinking Water Quality. John Wiley &Sons,Chochester; p 315.
[4]. Gupta,S&Gupta,M.1997.Domestic water supply and Environmental Technology, Ist Edition, Anmol Publications,Pvt.Ltd.p225-227.
[5]. Joseph,P.S.1974. Nutrient distribution in the Cochin harbor and its vicinity .Ind. J.Mar .Sci.3:p 28-32.
[6]. Kannan,R;Kannan,L.1996.Physico-chemical characteristics of sea-weed beds of thePalk bay,south east coast of India.Indian.J.Mar.Sci,25:p358-368.
[7]. Karunagaran, V.M.1990. Impact of waste water from SIPCOT industrial complex onthe water quality of Uppanar estuary with special reference to fluoride contamination.M.Phil Thesis, AnnamalaiUniversity,India: p 82.
[8]. Meera,S&Bijoy Nandan.2010.Water quality status and primary productivity of Valanthakad backwaters in Kerala.Indian Journal of Marine Sciences.Vol.39(1).p105- 113.
[9]. Mitra,A;Patra,K.C&Panigraphy,R.C.1990.Seasonal variations of some hydrographical parameters in a tidal creek opening to the Bay of Bengal, Mahasagar-Bull. Natl. Inst. Oceanogr, 23(1): p55-62..
[10]. Quasim, S.Z. and Sankaranarayanan, V.N.1972.Organic detritus of tropical estuary,Mar. Biol.15:p193-199.
[11]. Ramamritham, C.P and Jayaraman, R. 1963.Some aspects of the Hydrographical Conditions of the Backwaters around Willington island (Cochin).J. Mar. Boil .Ass India.5(2): p 170-177.
[12]. Soundarapandian,P;Premkumar,T;Divakaran,G.K. 2009.Studies on the physicochemical characteristics and nutrients in the Uppanar estuary of Cuddalore ,South eastcoast of India. Current Research Journal of Biological sciences.1(3):p102-105
[13]. Thiel,R;Sepulveda,A;Kafirman,R;Nellen,W. 1995. Environmental factors as forces structuring the fish community of the Elbe Estuary.J.Fish.Biol.46 (1):p 47-69.
[14]. Vengadesh Perumal, N; Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P; &Rajasekar.K. 2008.Seasonal variations of plankton diversity in the Kaduviyar estuary, Nagapattinam, south east coast of India. Journal of Environmental Biology. 30(6):p1035-1046.

Divya. S. Rajan “Biological Monitoring of Some Hydrographical Features of Ashtamudi Estuary” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 271-284 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/271-284.pdf

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A Review Paper on Interactive Image Segmentation
Prof. Yuvaraj T, Nithin Krishna, Poojary Manish, Priya Naik, Varsha P – April 2018 – Page No.: 285-286

Due to advent of computer technology Image processing techniques have become increasingly important in a wide variety of application. Image segmentation is the process that partitions an image into region. One weakness in the existing interactive image segmentation algorithms is the lack of more intelligent ways to understand the intention of user inputs. Interactive Image segmentation aims to separate an object of interest from the rest of an image.
Most of the previous work requires users to trace the whole boundary of the object. When the object has the complicated boundary, or the object is in a highly textured region, users have to put great effort into interactively collecting the selection. It achieves three goals from following three steps. First, merge over segmented region according to the maximal similarity rule using a few marking strokes as input. Second, detect possible erroneous low contrast object boundaries by analyzing image content. Third, automatically refine those boundary regions using both local and global information.

Page(s): 285-286                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 Prof. Yuvaraj T
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Nithin Krishna
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Poojary Manish
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Priya Naik
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

 Varsha P
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Amarpreet kaur “A review paper on image segmentation and its various techniques in image processing”, International Journal of Science and Research.
[2]. Vrushali Mendhule, Gaurav Soni, Rajesh Nigam “Review paper on technologies used for interactive image segmentation”, IJCSIT, vol. 6(1),2015,116-120.
[3]. Tao Wang, Quansen Sun, Qi Ge, Zexuan Ji, Qiang Chen, Guiyu Xia “Interactive image segmentation via pairwise likelihood learning”, IJCAI-17.
[4]. Wenxian Yang, Jianmin Zheng, and Jiebo Luo “User friendly interactive image segmentation through unified combinatorial user inputs”.
[5]. Bir Bhanu and Stephanie Fonder, Center for Research in Intelligent Systems University of California, “Learning based interactive image segmentation”.
[6]. Nida M. Zaitoun, Musbah J. Aqel “Survey on image segmentation techniques” ICCMIT 2015, vol 65.
[7]. Bibhas Chandra Dhara and Bhabatosh Chanda,”A fast interactive image segmentation to locate multiple similar-colored objects”, 2011, Third National Conference on Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition, Image Processing and Graphics.
[8]. Jifeng Ning, Lei Zhang, David Zhang and Chengke Wu,”Interactive image segmentation by maximal similarity based region merging”, Pattern Recognition, 43(2), pp.445-456, 2010.

Prof. Yuvaraj T, Nithin Krishna, Poojary Manish, Priya Naik, Varsha P “A Review Paper on Interactive Image Segmentation” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 285-286 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/285-286.pdf

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Single Channel EOG Signal Processing and Features Extraction using Virtual Instrumentation
Vrushali Ratne, M.S.Panse – April 2018 – Page No.: 287-290

Patient is aware and awake but body movements are restricted except for eyes, for persons suffering from severe neurological disorders. Bioelectric signals like EEG, EMG, EOG can be used by such patients to communicate with the outside world. The current research paper focuses on EOG signal acquisition using portable Myon biofeedback device and its analysis. EOG signal acquisition was carried with electrodes placed around the eye of 10 different volunteers. Pre-processing is done using cascaded stages of the notch, bandpass filters. After band-limiting the signal, 10 different features are extracted using LabVIEW software.

Page(s): 287-290                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 Vrushali Ratne
Student M. Tech Electronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, VJTI, Mumbai, India

 M.S.Panse
Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, VJTI, Mumbai, India

[1] Huang Qiyun, Shenghong He, Qihong Wang, Zhenghui Gu, Nengneng Peng, Kai Li, Yuandong Zhang, Ming Shao, and Yuanqing Li, “An EOG-Based Human-Machine Interface for Wheelchair Control”, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering vol. pp., no. 99, pp. 1-1, July 2017.
[2] He Shenghong and Yuanqing Li, “A Single-channel EOG-based Speller”, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering vol. PP, no.99, pp. 1-1, June 2017.
[3] Wu, Shang-Lin, Lun-De Liao, Shao-Wei Lu, Wei-Ling Jiang, Shi-An Chen, and Chin-Teng Lin, “Controlling a human–computer interface system with a novel classification method that uses electrooculography signals”, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 60, no.8, pp.2133-2141, February 2013.
[4] Heo, Jeong, Heenam Yoon, and Kwang Suk Park, “A Novel Wearable Forehead EOG Measurement System for Human-Computer Interfaces”, Sensors vol.17, no. 7, pp. 1485, July 2017
[5] Lydia Yuhlung, Hemashree Bordoloi, Khomdram Jolson Singh, Irengbam Vengkat Mangangcha and Laishram Richard, “LabVIEW Based EOG Signal Processing”, International Journal for Research in Emerging Science & Technology, vol. 2, no. 3, March 2015.
[6] Champaty B, Nayak SK, Pal K, Thirugnanam A, “Development of an EOG based computer aided communication support system”, Annual IEEE India Conference(INDICON), New Delhi, India, 2015.
[7] Andreas Bullingy, Jamie A. Wardz, Hans Gellersenz and Gerhard Trostery., “Eye Movement Analysis for Activity Recognition using Electrooculography”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence, vol. 33, no. 4, April 2011.
[8] Lopez, Alberto, F. J. Ferrero, Marta Valledor, Juan C. Campo, and Octavian Postolache., “A study on electrode placement in EOG systems for medical applications”, In Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA), 2016 IEEE International Symposium on, pp. 1-5. IEEE, 2016.
[9] R. Barea, L. Bosquete, M. Mazo, and E. Lopez, “System for assisted mobility using eye movements based on electrooculography”, IEEE Transactions on Rehab. Eng., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 209-217, 2002.
[10] Patterson Casmir D’Mello, Sandra D’Souza, “Design and development of a Virtual Instrument for Bio-signal Acquisition and Processing using LabVIEW”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, IJAREEIE, Vol. 1, Iss.1, July 2012.
[11] Umashankar and Dr. M. S. Panse, “Electroretinogram (ERG) Signal Processing & Analysis in LabVIEW”, Advances in Medical Informatics Volume I, Issue I, pp-01-05, 2011.
[12] Champaty, Biswajeet, Jobin Jose, Kunal Pal, Thirugnanam A, “Development of eog based human machine interface control system for motorized wheelchair”, Emerging Research Areas: Magnetics, Machines Drives (AICERA/iCMMD), 2014 Annual International Conference on. IEEE, 2014.
[13] A. Bulling, D. Roggen, and G. Troster, “What’s in the Eyes for Context-Awareness?” IEEE Pervasive Computing, 2010, doi:10.1109/MPRV.2010.49.
[14] “Spinal Cord Injury Facts & Figures at a Glance.” National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center. 2008. University of Alabama 3 April 2010.
[15] Sharma, Divya, and Rashpinder Kaur. “Design and Analysis of IIR Notch Filter using LabVIEW.” Computational Intelligence & Communication Technology (CICT), 2015 IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2015.
[16] https://www.ni.com
[17] http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_And_You/disabled_population.aspx
[18] https://www.nibib.nih.gov/science-education/science-topics/rehabilitation-engineering

Vrushali Ratne, M.S.Panse “Single Channel EOG Signal Processing and Features Extraction using Virtual Instrumentation” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 287-290 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/287-290.pdf

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IOT Based Smart Security System
M. Bindu Priya, V. Divya Mani, D. Susmitha – April 2018 – Page No.: 291-294

The aim of this paper is to design and implement affordable, flexible and fast monitoring system using Raspberry pi. In recent years, there has been an increase in video surveillance systems in public and private environments due to a heightened sense of security like CCTV and RFID. There are several defects in the video surveillance systems such as picture is indistinct, complex structure, poor stability and lot of storage is needed to save information and surveillance and prices remain relatively high. The system design has motion and camera control. Due to live streaming there is a decrease in data storage and save investment cost.

Page(s): 291-294                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 May 2018

 M. Bindu Priya
Assistant Professor, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

 V. Divya Mani
Student, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

 D. Susmitha
Student, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

[1]. Sushma.N.Nichal, prof J.K. Singh, “Raspberry Pi based smart supervisor using Internet of things (IoT)” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication IJARECE, volume 4, issue 7, July 2015.
[2]. Sowmiya.U, Shafiqmansoor.J, “Raspberry Pi based home door security through 3G dongle”, International Journal of Engineering, Research and general science volume 3, issue 2, March-April 2015.
[3]. Ms. Renuka chuymurkar, prof. Vijay Bhagdi, “Smart surveillance security and monitoring system using Raspberry Pi and PIR sensor”, International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAC)- vol.2, issue 1, January 2016.

M. Bindu Priya, V. Divya Mani, D. Susmitha “IOT Based Smart Security System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 291-294 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/291-294.pdf

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Recycling of PET Clothes and Bottles

Ranjit N. Turukmane, Amarjeet Daberao, Sujit S. Gulhane – April 2018 Page No.: 295-296

Waste disposable is a hard task to manage for man-made textile industries. It have adverse effect on the environment and disturbs ecological balance. Polyester base fibers contributing 70% of the total synthetic fiber production worldwide. The development is always followed the question of recycling of synthetic solid waste for that many researchers working on the developments of pollutant free and recyclable textile material and achieved a creditable success in manmade textiles worldwide. This review article will focus on the methods followed for recycling of polyester fiber adopted in various textile industries worldwide.

Page(s): 295-296                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 15 May 2018

 Ranjit N. Turukmane
Centre for Textile Functions, SVKM’S NMIMS, Shirpur Campus, Dist. Dhule, Maharashtra, India

 Amarjeet Daberao
Centre for Textile Functions, SVKM’S NMIMS, Shirpur Campus, Dist. Dhule, Maharashtra, India

 Sujit S. Gulhane
Centre for Textile Functions, SVKM’S NMIMS, Shirpur Campus, Dist. Dhule, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Shukla, S.R., Harad, A.M. and Jawale, L.S., 2008. Recycling of waste PET into useful textile auxiliaries. Waste Management, 28(1), pp.51-56.
[2]. Paszun, D. and Spychaj, T., 1997. Chemical recycling of poly (ethylene terephthalate). Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 36(4), pp.1373-1383.
[3]. Guoxi, X., Wei, L. and Xinyan, X., 2002. New Development of Recycling of Waste Polyester. Chemical Industry and Engineering Progress, 21(6), pp.434-436.
[4]. Al-Salem, S.M., Lettieri, P. and Baeyens, J., 2009. Recycling and recovery routes of plastic solid waste (PSW): A review. Waste management, 29(10), pp.2625-2643.
[5]. Cunliffe, A.M. and Williams, P.T., 2003. Characterisation of products from the recycling of glass fibre reinforced polyester waste by pyrolysis☆. Fuel, 82(18), pp.2223-2230.
[6]. Lou, C.W., Lin, J.H. and Su, K.H., 2005. Recycling polyester and polypropylene nonwoven selvages to produce functional sound absorption composites. Textile Research Journal, 75(5), pp.390-394.
[7]. Williams, P.T., Cunliffe, A. and Jones, N., 2005. Recovery of value-added products from the pyrolytic recycling of glass-fibre-reinforced composite plastic waste. Journal of the Energy Institute, 78(2), pp.51-61.
[8]. Kubota, S. and Ito, O., 1997. Method of recycling unsaturated polyester resin waste and recycling apparatus. Journal of Cleaner Production, 4(5), p.308.
[9]. Shukla, S.R., and Kulkarni, K.S., 2002. Depolymerization of poly (ethylene terephthalate) waste. Journal of applied polymer science 85(8), pp.1765-1770.
[10]. Sinha, V., Patel, M.R. and Patel, J.V., 2010. PET waste management by chemical recycling: a review. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 18(1), pp.8-25.
[11]. Wang, Y., 2010. Fiber and textile waste utilization. Waste and biomass valorization, 1(1), pp.135-143.
[12]. 12 Turukmane, R. N., A. L. Bhongade, S. P. Borkar, and A. M. Daberao. “Studies on Inter fibre cohesion Properties of Sisal Fibre reinforced Polypropylene Composite.” Studies (2017)
[13]. Turukmane, Ranjit N., V. G. Nadiger, Arvind L. Bhongade, and Shashikant P. Borkar. “Studies on Treated Sunnhemp and Treated Jute Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Composites.”
[14]. Sujit S. Gulhane, Prashant S. Rahangdale,Deepak P. Ubarhande, Monali S. Ingole, A Review on Structure-Property Relationship of Knitted Composites, International Journal of Research in Advent Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 5,, Page 208-210, 2014
[15]. Mr.N.B.More, Prof.A.M.Daberao, Prof.P.P.Kolte, Mr.S.A.Ingale, Effect of Concentration of TCA Solution in PV Blended Fabric on TCA Dyeing Method, International Journal on Textile Engineering and Process, Vol.2(4), 2016, 12-18
[16]. Monali Ingole, Sujit Gulhane, Deepak Ubarhande, Conductive Cotton Fabric Develop by In-Situ Polymerization of Aniline, Melliand International, Page No. 108-110, July 2015.
[17]. Turukmane, R. N., A. M. Daberao, P. P. Kolte, and V. G. Nadiger. “A Review–Nano Technology in Textile composites.” (2016)

Ranjit N. Turukmane, Amarjeet Daberao, Sujit S. Gulhane “Recycling of PET Clothes and Bottles” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.295-296 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/295-296.pdf

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Advanced MEMS Controlled Deaf and Dumb Assist Control Unit with Emergency Announcement

Shweta Hangaragi, Shwetha T M, Uppara Sangeetha, Doddavva Beesanakoppa, Pradeep Kumar K – April 2018 Page No.: 297-299

For physically challenged, deaf and dumb peoples there are no such devices are available to pass their needs and emergency intimations in hospitals, homes and many public places. Sometimes they have to use only sign language which may be difficult for common peoples. The method shown in this paper is used to generate a voice from deaf unit to a wireless location and also generates a message to mobile unit in case of needs and emergencies using MEMS sensor it’s possible to generate the required signal send the signal depends on movements of the sensor the signal generated from MEMS unit which is interfaced to transmitter and microcontroller unit.

Page(s): 297-299                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Shweta Hangaragi
Students, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Shwetha T M
Students, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Uppara Sangeetha
Students, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Doddavva Beesanakoppa
Students, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Pradeep Kumar K
Assistant Professor, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

[1]. Predeep Kumar B P “dynamic hand gesture recognition” has Published by “IFRSA International Journal of graphics and image processing(IJGIP)”-2012 at International Forum Of Researchers Students And Academician(IFRSA) ”, ISSN(22495452) volume2, issue1, april 2012
[2]. Rafiqul Z. Khan, Noor A. Ibraheem, (2012). “Survey on Gesture Recognition for Hand ImagePostures”, International Journal of Computer And Information Science, Vol.5(3), Doi:10.5539/cis.v5n3p11
[3]. Kuldeep Singh V Rajput , “Design and implementation of Talking hand glove for the hearing impaired”, IEEE, April 2014.
[4]. P. SubhaRajam, Dr.G. Balakrishnan,”Real Time Indian Sign Language Recognition System to aid Deaf-dumb People”, ICCT, IEEE, 2011.
[5]. T. Baudel, M. Baudouin-Lafon, Charade: remote control of objects using free-hand gestures, Comm. ACM 36 (7) (1993) 28–35.
[6]. J. Kim et.al, “Bi-channel sensor fusion for an automatic sign language recognition”, in the 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Amsterdam, 2008, pp 1-6.
[7]. PatriziaPoli, Giovanni Morone, Giulio Rosati, and Stefano Masiero, Robotic Technologies and Rehabilitation: New Tools for Stroke Patients’ Therapy, Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 153872, 8 pages
[8]. Nasser H. Dardas and Emil M. Petriu’’ Hand Gesture Detection and Recognition Using Principal Component Analysis” international conference on computational intelligence for measurement system and application (CIMSA), pp: 1-6, IEEE,2011.
[9]. R. Glitman. Startup readies 4-pound stylus pc. PC Week, 7(34):17–18, August 27 1990

Shweta Hangaragi, Shwetha T M, Uppara Sangeetha, Doddavva Beesanakoppa, Pradeep Kumar K “Advanced MEMS Controlled Deaf and Dumb Assist Control Unit with Emergency Announcement” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.297-299 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/297-299.pdf

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SmartLib using RFID and Android
Rakshith R Pai, Tejaswini Gowda H, Khaleed Ahamad, Pavitra Kencharaddy, Merlyn Melita Mathias – April 2018 – Page No.: 300-304

A library is a collection of sources of information and similar other resources, which is made accessible to a defined community like Educational Institution and Organization for reference or borrowing. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an underlying system of Library management system (LMS). Android app for Library Automation is used for managing software, monitoring and controlling the transaction in the library. A Library includes books, question paper, newspaper, journals and previous year’s project details etc. This paper mainly deals with the description and evolution of library system and their disadvantages over centuries in the different part of the world. The source of information in an Institution is a Library. Here Librarian plays a very important role in managing the Library functions such as adding new students, book data, date of issuing and returning the book and entering all the relevant details of the books etc. For this the student has to wait for his /her turn as Librarian enters data student by student. Thus, it is very time consuming process and costly because of high manpower requirement. This paper mainly focusses on the basic library operation and some added features like view total books, view available books, updating information, searching books and a facility to request and return of books and some alert systems. The system is an Android App written for smart phones, designed to help the users to maintain and organize Library Management System.

Page(s): 300-304                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Rakshith R Pai
Students of Computer Science and Engineering Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidre, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

 Tejaswini Gowda H
Students of Computer Science and Engineering Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidre, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

 Khaleed Ahamad
Students of Computer Science and Engineering Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidre, Mangalore, Karnataka, Indian

 Pavitra Kencharaddy
Students of Computer Science and Engineering Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidre, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

 Merlyn Melita Mathias
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidre, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

[1]. Ashutosh Tripathi & Ashish Srivastava proposed “Online Library Management System” IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) Vol. 2 Issue 2, Feb.2012, pp. 180- 186
[2]. C. Srujana, B. Rama Murthy, K. Tanveer Alam, U.Sunitha, Mahammad D.V, P. Thimmaiah proposed “Development of RFID Based Library Management System” inJune2013
[3]. Shane Curran proposed “Libramatics” onJuly2012. Libramatics is basically a Cloud-based librarymanagement service provider based in Dublin, Ireland
[4]. CERN Document Server Software Consortium proposed “Invenio” in November 2012.
[5]. Verus Solution implemented “NewGenLib” inMarch2005. NewGenLib, stands for New GenerationLibrary is an integrated library automation system.
[6]. “Android Application for Library Automation”, Prasanna Pillai1, Sonal Singh2, Shreya Thakare3,Department of Computer Engineering, K.C College of Engineering Management Studies & Research Thane, India
[7]. Evolve Library Management System, Infovision Software, Inc, 11526 Sorrento Valley Rd, Ste C San Diego, E:
[8]. Library catalog, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
[9]. An Internet Based RFID Library Management System, A Pravin Renold1, Joshi Rani.R2,Department of TIFAC-CORE in Pervasive Computing Technologies, Velammal Engineering College, Anna University Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Rakshith R Pai, Tejaswini Gowda H, Khaleed Ahamad, Pavitra Kencharaddy, Merlyn Melita Mathias “SmartLib using RFID and Android” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 300-304 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/300-304.pdf

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A Review: Bit Swapping Linear Feedback Shift Register for Low Power Dissipation
Priyanka, Priyanka Bangari, Priyanka H G, Rupesh N, Praveen J – April 2018 – Page No.: 305-307

Bit swapping linear feedback shift register (BS-LFSR) is utilized in a conventional linear feedback shift register (LFSR) to decrease its power dissipation and enhance its performance. The proposed configuration, called bit-swapping LFSR (BS-LFSR), is made out of an LFSR and exclusive OR and a 2 × 1 multiplexer to decrease switching activity or number of transitions in bit swapping technique. Hence, it reduces dynamic power dissipation. Reduce in the dynamic power dissipation will decrease the efficiency of the circuit. Hence, the decrease in the switching activity will not decrease the performance.

Page(s): 305-307                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Priyanka
UG student, ECE Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Priyanka Bangari
UG student, ECE Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Priyanka H G
UG student, ECE Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Rupesh N
UG student, ECE Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

 Praveen J
Professor and Dean Academics, ECE Department, Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moodbidri, Karnataka, India

[1]. Praveen J, M.N. Shanmukhaswamy, “Low Power BIST Based Pattern Generation for Low Power VLSI Architecture”, International Journal of Network Security, Vol.1,Issue: 7, May 2013.
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[3]. Steven F. Quigley, Abdallatif S. Abu-Issa, ”Bit-Swapping LFSR and Scan-Chain Ordering: A Novel Technique for Peak- and Average-Power Reduction in Scan-Based BIST”,IEEE transactions on computer-aided design of integrated circuits and systems, vol. 28, Issue. 5, may 2009.
[4]. Bin Zhou, Xinchun Wu, “A Low Power Test-per-Clock BIST Scheme Through Selectively Activating Multi Two-Bit TRCs”, Fourth International Conference on Instrumentation and Measurement, Computer, Communication and Control, 2014.
[5]. Praveen J, M.N. Shanmukhaswamy, “Low Power BIST Based Pattern Generation for Low Power VLSI Architecture”, International Journal of Network Security, Vol.1,Issue: 7, May 2013.
[6]. V. Selva Kumar, J. Mohan, “Multiple Single Input Change Test Vector for BIST Schemes”,
[7]. C.Vasanthanayaki, A. Azhagu Jaisudhan Pazhani, Jincy Johnson, “VLSI Implementation of Low Power Multiple Single Input Change (MSIC) Test Pattern Generation For BIST Scheme”, Fifth International Symposium on Electronic System Design, 2014.
[8]. Praveen J, Shanmukhaswamy M.N, “Power reduction technique in the LFSR uses modified control logic for VLSI circuit”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Issue: 4, 2013.
[9]. M.Hassan Najafi, David J, “Power and area efficient sorting networks using unary processing”, IEEE 35th International Conference on Computer Design, 2017.
[10]. H.Srikanth kamath, Aakash nath, “Comparative power analysis of LFSR test pattern Generators”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 98, Issues: 8, 2014.

Priyanka, Priyanka Bangari, Priyanka H G, Rupesh N, Praveen J “A Review: Bit Swapping Linear Feedback Shift Register for Low Power Dissipation” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 305-307 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/305-307.pdf

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A Novel Approach of Power Production and Methane Extraction from the Industrial Smoke and Waste
V. Geetha, A. Thangam, R. Tharini, R. Abinaya , M. Surekha – April 2018 – Page No.: 308-312

Now a day’s global warming is one of the major problems facing around the world. It is due to the formation of co2 in the atmosphere from the sources like automobiles, industries, fossil fuel burning etc. Not only carbon dioxide gas release from the industries but also carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, sulphur dioxide, hydro carbon and other toxic gases also released which affect the entire global system. We produce power from coal, nuclear and natural gas, these causes hazards in additional to the power developed. It exploits our nature, pollutes over environment. But we need power and nature at the same time. To increase the power consumption to decrease the pollution we turned towards our natural source of energy like solar, water, wind and tide. We are making use of solar, energy, wind energy and tidal energy to the fullest, but their some opportunities to use energy from in so many ways. We had adopted one such method to develop electricity to meet some basic needs. Our aim of this research paper is to develop sustainable development in all countries by reducing co2 and other gases by effective method of proposed system. This method certainly minimise the evolution of co2 and other harmful gases in the atmosphere and make use it as fuel and also in order to increase the production strength of electricity ,here we combined with the methane extraction from the waste of industry. This proposed system also maintains the quality of the air. If this may be practised by all industries it protects the world from the natural calamities. The simulations of the results are shown in the plc. The main objective of the system is to make use of the harmful smoke which was evolved from the industries and also recycle of waste into useful methane, which have to be made usage for the production of the electricity.

Page(s): 308-312                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 V. Geetha
IV-YEAR-B.E- Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

 A. Thangam
IV-YEAR-B.E- Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

 R. Tharini
IV-YEAR-B.E- Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

 R. Abinaya
II-YEAR-M.E-Embedded System Technologies, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

 M. Surekha
Assistant Professor-Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

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V. Geetha, A. Thangam, R. Tharini, R. Abinaya , M. Surekha “A Novel Approach of Power Production and Methane Extraction from the Industrial Smoke and Waste” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 308-312 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/308-312.pdf

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Institution-Industry-Society–Bringing Together
Dr. Bhagawan Reddy, Dr. M. Rajendra Reddy, A. Shiva Kumar, K. Kranthi Kumar – April 2018 – Page No.: 313-318

Engineering and Technology played a key role in the growth and development and enhancing the quality of life of the people though improved goods and services. Ever since the Industrial Revolution, investments in this segment has proved to be reliable engines of economic growth all over the world. It can also be observed that the countries which adopted a cohesive approach and spent more liberally on Research & Development (R&D) have achieved better dividends .The approach invariably included Institute-Industry Collaboration (IIC) as one of the key ingredients. India’s contribution in R&D stands at 0.8% of its GDP as compared to other Asian Countries like China, South Korea, Israel and Japan with 2.7%, 4.3%, 4.3% and 3.58% respectively (1)
This paper high lights the need for a reformatory approach in R&D in general and strengthening of the Industry-Institution-Society alliance in particular in the context of continued social challenges being faced in ensuring healthy food, safe drinking water, housing, Electricity, Transportation, Sanitation , health care , free education and clean environment to the masses at large. It is brought out that there is a dire need to have a prudent, affordable, sustainable and decentralized Institute- Industry Collaboration (IIC) rather than confined or semi-centralized R&D for the developing countries like India to achieve meaningful results though smaller but relatively voluminous and successful R&D interventions which can be termed as De-centralized and Expansively Enterprising Partnerships (DEEP) amongst Institute-Industry-Social Groups. The need of scientific gap analysis between the expectations of the stake holders, Intra disciplinary coordination and Institute to Institute (I2I) alliances are emphasized with due recommendations to rejuvenate the present scenario. At the end, the Institute-Industry collaboration activities undertaken and being planned by Nalla Malla Reddy Engineering College (NMREC) are put forth besides concluding remarks and action points.

Page(s): 313-318                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Dr. Bhagawan Reddy
Professor & Head, Research Centre (R&D), EEE, NMREC, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

 Dr. M. Rajendra Reddy
HOD, EEE, NMREC, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

 A. Shiva Kumar
Assistant Professor, EEE Dept, KPRIT, Telangana, India

 K. Kranthi Kumar
Assistant Professor, EEE Dept, KPRIT, Telangana, India

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[5]. Establishing Sustainable Industry Institute Partnerships –Case study of an Engineering college (Ramaswamy C and Dr Brahadeswaran).
[6]. XVII Annual International Seminar Proceedings; January, 2016 ISBN( Dr Elangovan , Associate Professor)
[7]. http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/pratham-in-orbit-story-of-iit-bombay-s-student-built- microsatellite
[8]. http://www.euromonitor.com/india
[9]. MIT Sloan Management Review ,Summer 2010 ,Vol 51,No 4 (Julio A Pertuze ,Edwars S Calder ,Edward M Greitzer and William A Lucas)
[10]. International Journal of Current Research and Modern Education (IJCRME) ISSN (Online): 2455 – 5428 (A.Ramesh Pai, Prioiti K Rao and Dr A.P.AChar).
[11]. International Journal for Research in Engineering Application & Management (IJREAM) Vol-01, Issue 01, APR 2015(Prof. Seema Yadav, Devansh Sanghi,3Bhavin Ghoghari, Mahesh Poojary Et all)
[12]. (http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/151646/15/13)

Dr. Bhagawan Reddy, Dr. M. Rajendra Reddy, A. Shiva Kumar, K. Kranthi Kumar “Institution-Industry-Society–Bringing Together” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 313-318 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/313-318.pdf

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Detection of Lesions and Feature Extraction for Diabetic Retinopathy
Anjali.A.Kunghatkar, M.S.Panse – April 2018 – Page No.: 319-321

Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) in early stage is essential to avoid complete blindness. The retinal fundus images of the patients are procured by capturing the fundus of the eye with a digital fundus camera. Fundus Images should be pre-processed to remove the noise, preserve the edges of an image, and enhance the image quality for carrying out further image analysis. This paper provides various pre-processing techniques for detection of DR. The abnormalities in retinal fundus images due to DR are Lesions which includes Microaneurysms, Hemorrhages, exudates and blood vessels. In this study canny’s edge detector is used for detection of Lesions and features are extracted.

Page(s): 319-321                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Anjali.A.Kunghatkar
Student, M.Tech Electronics and Telecommunication, Department of Electrical Engineering, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

 Anjali.A.Kunghatkar
Professor Department of Electrical Engineering, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

[1] Du, Ning, and Yafen Li. “Automated identification of diabetic retinopathy stages using support vector machine.” Control Conference (CCC), 2013 32nd Chinese. IEEE, 2013.
[2] Diabetic retinopathy database and evaluation protocol (DIARETDB0). Electronic material (Online). Available online at: http://www.it.lut.fi/project/imageret/files/diaretdb0 [referred 19.2.2010].
[3] Niemeijer, Meindert, et al. “Automatic detection of red lesions in digital color fundus photographs.” IEEE Transactions on medical imaging 24.5 (2005): 584-592.
[4] Yun, Wong Li, et al. “Identification of different stages of diabetic retinopathy using retinal optical images.” Information sciences 178.1 (2008): 106-121.
[5] Paing, May Phu, Somsak Choomchuay, and MD Rapeeporn Yodprom. “Detection of lesions and classification of diabetic retinopathy using fundus images.” Biomedical Engineering International Conference (BMEiCON), 2016 9th. IEEE, 2016.

Anjali.A.Kunghatkar, M.S.Panse “Detection of Lesions and Feature Extraction for Diabetic Retinopathy” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 319-321 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/319-321.pdf

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AYURGENOMICS
Swati Dhande, Prachi Salunkhe – April 2018 – Page No.: 322-326

Ayurgenomics is the integration of the principles of Ayurveda with genomics. It presents a personalized approach in the predictive, preventive, and curative aspects of stratified medicine with molecular variability. It expresses the study of interindividual variability due to genetic variability in humans for assessing susceptibility, and establishing diagnosis and prognosis, mainly on the basis of the constitution type of a person’s Prakriti. Prakriti is a fusion of the comparative proportion of three main things, i.e., Tridoshas, namely, Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Prakriti is denominator in Ayurveda, which defines physical, physiological, and psychological traits of an individual and is the template for individualized diet, lifestyle counseling, and treatment. Prakriti is a key factor in determining individual’s susceptibility to disease as well as response to treatment include the recognition of both the extrinsic (environmental) and intrinsic factors (physiologic and genetic). Ayurgenomics is an emerging field of interest where the therapeuticand lifestyle regime selection is made on the basis of clinical assessment of an individual maintaining one’s Prakriti. This Ayurveda-inspired concept of personalized medicine is a novel concept of genomics suitable for one’s genetic makeup with the help of Ayurveda. Here, we propose and present this novel concept of Ayurgenomics and its emerging areas of research, which may unfold future possibilities toward smart yet safe therapeutics.

Page(s): 322-326                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Swati Dhande
Pharmacology Department, Bhartividyapeeth College of Pharmacy, C.B.D. Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India

 Prachi Salunkhe
Pharmacology Department, Bhartividyapeeth College of Pharmacy, C.B.D. Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India

[1] Prasher, B., Varma, B., Kumar, A., Khuntia, B. K., Pandey, R., Narang, A., … & Dash, D. (2017). Ayurgenomics for stratified medicine: TRISUTRA consortium initiative across ethnically and geographically diverse Indian populations. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 197, 274-293.
[2] Baffy, G., & Loscalzo, J. (2014). Complexity and network dynamics in physiological adaptation: an integrated view. Physiology & behavior, 131, 49-56.
[3] Auffray, C., Charron, D., & Hood, L. (2010). Predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory medicine: back to the future.
[4] Auffray, C., Chen, Z., & Hood, L. (2009). Systems medicine: the future of medical genomics and healthcare. Genome medicine, 1(1), 2.
[5] Barabási, A. L., Gulbahce, N., & Loscalzo, J. (2011). Network medicine: a network-based approach to human disease. Nature reviews genetics, 12(1), 56.
[6] Beitelshees, A. L., Voora, D., & Lewis, J. P. (2015). Personalized antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy: applications and significance of pharmacogenomics. Pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine, 8, 43.
[7] Suthram, S., Dudley, J. T., Chiang, A. P., Chen, R., Hastie, T. J., & Butte, A. J. (2010). Network-based elucidation of human disease similarities reveals common functional modules enriched for pluripotent drug targets. PLoS computational biology, 6(2), e1000662.
[8] Jaiswal, Y. S., & Williams, L. L. (2017). A glimpse of Ayurveda–The forgotten history and principles of Indian traditional medicine. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine, 7(1), 50-53.
[9] Heinrich, M., Barnes, J., Gibbons, S., & Williamson, E. M. (2004). Fundamentals of pharmacognosy and phytotheraphy(No. 615.321 F981f). Edinburgh, GB: Churchill Livingstone.
[10] Ravishankar, B., & Shukla, V. J. (2007). Indian systems of medicine: a brief profile. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 4(3), 319-337.
[11] Dr. Virendersodhi, Dr. anupraomulakaluri, (2014) Ayurgenomics: the basis for individualized health care.
[12] Kaput, J., & Rodriguez, R. L. (2004). Nutritional genomics: the next frontier in the postgenomic era. Physiological genomics, 16(2), 166-177.
[13] Gupta, P. D. (2015). Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics and ayurgenomics for personalized medicine: a paradigm shift. Indian journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 77(2), 135.
[14] Banerjee, S., Debnath, P., & Debnath, P. K. (2015). Ayurnutrigenomics: Ayurveda-inspired personalized nutrition from inception to evidence. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine, 5(4), 228-233.
[15] Sethi, T. P., Prasher, B., & Mukerji, M. (2011). Ayurgenomics: a new way of threading molecular variability for stratified medicine.
[16] Patwardhan, B., & Bodeker, G. (2008). Ayurvedic genomics: establishing a genetic basis for mind–body typologies. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(5), 571-576.
[17] Rotti, H., Raval, R., Anchan, S., Bellampalli, R., Bhale, S., Bharadwaj, R., … & Girijakumari, T. K. (2014). Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science. Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine, 5(3), 167.
[18] Mukerji, M., & Prasher, B. (2011). Ayurgenomics: A new approach in personalized and preventive medicine. Sci Cult, 77, 10-7.
[19] Bhushan, P., Kalpana, J., & Arvind, C. (2005). Classification of human population based on HLA gene polymorphism and the concept of Prakriti in Ayurveda. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(2), 349-353.
[20] Shiomi, T., Guilleminault, C., Sasanabe, R., Hirota, I., Maekawa, M., & Kobayashi, T. (1996). Augmented very low frequency component of heart rate variability during obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep, 19(5), 370-377.
[21] Schubert, C., Lambertz, M., Nelesen, R. A., Bardwell, W., Choi, J. B., & Dimsdale, J. E. (2009). Effects of stress on heart rate complexity—a comparison between short-term and chronic stress. Biological psychology, 80(3), 325-332.
[22] Das, U. N. (2004). Metabolic syndrome X: an inflammatory condition?. Current hypertension reports, 6(1), 66-73.
[23] Kau, A. L., Ahern, P. P., Griffin, N. W., Goodman, A. L., & Gordon, J. I. (2011). Human nutrition, the gut microbiome and the immune system. Nature, 474(7351), 327.
[24] Juyal, R. C., Negi, S., Wakhode, P., Bhat, S., Bhat, B., & Thelma, B. K. (2012). Potential of ayurgenomics approach in complex trait research: Leads from a pilot study on rheumatoid arthritis. PloS one, 7(9), e45752.

Swati Dhande, Prachi Salunkhe “AYURGENOMICS” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 322-326 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/322-326.pdf

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Bioethics as Biopolitics

Sabina S. – April 2018 Page No.: 327-329

Ethics expresses certain ideas about the values of human beings, of human society and of the living nature. Since ethics belongs to the self-understanding of every human being, it is what is and what ought to be. It is also a vision which shapes us as human beings and also as person who has having the ability to take responsibilities for our life with others and with the whole world. Ethics today has also the specific potentials extending to the realm of medicine and health care. We are living in a world that is visibly different from that of one another and the difference is much due to the techno scientific revolution in all the domains of life. This keeps philosophers bring more with the analysis of ethical issues than with metaphysical questions.
Van Renesselaer Potter used the term bioethics to refer to a new discipline that combines biological knowledge with knowledge of human value systems. From the second half of 20th century, the field of bioethics has expanded and complicated enormously in proportional with the speed of technological, scientific and other social developments. More than an interdisciplinary enterprise, bioethics has now occupied the public consciousness in an unprecedented ways. Thus it has claimed to be a project of reflection on the moral issue raised by new technology. Its main concerns was always concrete and goal of bioethics was a decision making endeavour which is rationally defensible and capable of being communicated to others. These decisions were grounded in a systematic reflection based on fundamental values and moral principles. But the values and principles are almost defective in applicability. Instead of relying upon a particular theory, it focuses upon certain moral principles. These principles are too broad and general and seem to be difficult to apply to practical situations. Principles like beneficence, nonmaleficience, respect for autonomy and justice conflicts each other and this shows its ineffectiveness to actual life situations. Now there is a perception of a gradual transformation in bioethics. This transformation is characterized by an increasing politicization of bioethical issues, ie. one’s bioethical views reflects one’s political assumptions concerning the nature, goals and values that guide the biomedical sciences.

Page(s): 327-329                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Sabina S.
Research Scholar, Department of Philosophy, University of Calicut, Kerala, India

[1]. Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Stanford University Press: Stanford, 1998.
[2]. Beauchamp, L. Tom and Childress, James F. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1979.
[3]. Beauchamp, L. Tom. And Le Roy Walters Eds. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. Sixth Edition. Thomson: Australia, 2003.
[4]. Brace Jovanovich . Bioethics. New York: Blackwell Publishers, 1999.
[5]. Foucault, Michel. “The Subject and Power”. Critical Inquiry 8.4 (1982):777-95.
[6]. Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Vintage Books: New York, 1977.
[7]. Foucault, Michel. Interview with Michel Foucault. In Power: Essential Works of Michel Foucault, vol. 3. New Press: New York, 2000.
[8]. Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality, Vol. I An Introduction. Vintage Books: New York, 1980.
[9]. Foucault, Michel. The Order of Things. New York: 1970.
[10]. Foucault, Michel. The Subject and Power. In Power: Essential Works of Michel Foucault, Vol. 3. New Press: New York, 2000 b.
[11]. Foucault, Michel. “Polemics, Politics and Problematizations.” In Essential Works of Foucault, edited by Paul Rabinow. Vol. 1 “Ethics”. The New Press, 1998.

Sabina S. “Bioethics as Biopolitics” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.327-329 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/327-329.pdf

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FPGA Implementation of PID Controller Using Xilinx System Generator
Santosh Kumar.B – April 2018 – Page No.: 330-332

In this paper implementation of digital PID controller using Field Programmable Gate array (FPGA) is presented. Firstly, the paper adopts genetic algorithm to optimize the parameters of PID controller and introduces Spartan3e FPGA to implement the PID controller. Secondly, the closed-loop test system is constructed by DSP builder and Matlab/Simulink.

Page(s): 330-332                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Santosh Kumar.B
CSE Department, New Horizon College of Engineering, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Efficient Design and Fpga Implementation of Digital Controller Using Xilinx System®Vikas Gupta1, Kavita Khare2& R. P.Singh21Department of Electrical & Telecommunication Engineering,VCET, Mumbai University, INDIA
[2]. J. G. Ziegler and N. B. Nichols, .Optimum settings for automatic controllers,.Trans. ASME, vol. 64, pp. 759.768, 1942.
[3]. Charles H Roth, “Jr. Digital System Design Using VHDL” , Brooks/Cole, 1998
[4]. Parnell, K., Bryner, R., “Comparing and Contrasting FPGA and Microprocessor System Design and Development”, White Paper 213, Vol. 1, No. 1, July 21,2004.
[5]. System Generator for DSP performing hardware-in-the-loop with the Spartan™-3E starter kit,Xilinx,2006.
[6]. System Generator for DSP – Getting started guide, Xilinx, 2008.
[7]. https://www.xilinx.com/
[8]. Goldberg, David E.Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning.Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. 1989.
[9]. “An Overview of Genetic Algorithms: Part1, Fundamentals”, by David Beasley, DavidR. Bull and Ralph R. Martin. University Computing, volume 15(2), pages 58-69, 1993.
[10]. Michalewicz, Z.: “Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolution Programs”; Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, 1992.

Santosh Kumar.B “FPGA Implementation of PID Controller Using Xilinx System Generator” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.330-332 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/330-332.pdf

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Adaptive Communication between Dumb and Blind People
Pooja Jogi, Nidhi Shah, Kinjal Shah – April 2018 – Page No.: 333-335

Generally dumb people use sign language for communication but they find difficulty in communicating with others who do not understand sign language. Mute people can use the gloves to perform hand gesture and it will be converted into braille lipi so that blind people can understand their expression. Using this project, dumb people can directly communicate with blind and normal people without hesitation. In transmission side, flex sensors are mounted on gloves, so signal is transmitted through RF ZigBee which is received by another circuit which will display code on LCD and design braille lipi using vibration motors. So that adaptive communication among blind, dumb and normal people can be done.

Page(s): 333-335                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Pooja Jogi
Student, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Nidhi Shah
Student, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Kinjal Shah
Assistant Professor, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

[1]. “ZigBee Specification FAQ”. Zigbee Alliance. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
[2]. Bluez – Official Linux Bluetooth protocol stack. BlueZ Project. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
[3]. ArduinoPhone. Instructables.com (2013-07-17). Retrieved on 2013- 08-04.
[4]. R. Slyper and J. Hodgins, “Action Capture with Accelerometers,” Euro Graphics/A CMSIG GRAPHS Symposium on Computer Animation, 2008.
[5]. H. Ardam and I. Coskun, “A remote controller for home and office appliances by telephone”, IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 1291- 1297, 1998. 5.
[6]. Electric Light & Power vol 17 issue12.
[7]. A. R. Al-Ali and M. Al-Rousan, “Java-based home automation system”, IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 498- 504, 2004.
[8]. Automatic gas valve control system using aurdino hardware-T.K. Sethuramalingam and M. Karthighairasan “Bonfring International Journal of Power Systems and Integrated Circuits Vol 2, No 3, September 2012.
[9]. Programming Aurdino Getting started with sketches-McGraw Hill Nov 8, 2011.
[10]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/80c51

Pooja Jogi, Nidhi Shah, Kinjal Shah “Adaptive Communication between Dumb and Blind People” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp. 333-335 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/333-335.pdf

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Qualities of Good Leadership for Effective Organisation

Seema Hiregoudar, Dr. G. Vani – April 2018 Page No.: 336-338

I. INTRODUCTION

‘The quality of a leader is reflected in the standards they set for themselves’
Ray Kroc

Leadership is a quality, which cannot be acquired by any person from the other but it can be acquired by self determination of a person .leadership can best be called the personality of the very highest ability whether in ruling, thinking, imagining, innovation, warring, or religious influencing.
A leader as always said, is born, not made, but leadership is certainly a continual evolution process of qualities like vision, commitment, discipline, trust, integrity, innovation, motivation, authority, dedication, humility, creativity etc., within leaders. Most of these qualities, if not all, in a leader contribute to the success of an organization

A leader must be able to communicate his or her vision in terms that cause followers to buy into it. He or she must communicate clearly and passionately, as passion is contagious.

A good leader must have the discipline to work towards his or her vision with a single mind, as well as to direct his or her actions and those of the team toward the goal. Action is the mark of a leader. A leader do not suffer, always does one or the other thing in pursuit of the vision, by inspiring others to do the same, they nurture the strengths and talents of their people, and build teams committed to achieving common goals.
Some of the leadership qualities that we believe are possessed by many of the world’s greatest leaders

Page(s): 336-338                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Seema Hiregoudar

 Dr. G. Vani
Assistant Professor & Research Advisor, PG & Research Department of Management, Rajagiri Dawood Batcha College of Arts & Science, Papanasam, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Drucker, P.E 1974, Management; Tasks, Responsibilities, practices. New York;
[2]. Principles of Management (Ascent series)by koontz Harold/author; English-Tata Mcgraw Hill Education private limited-paperback edition 1st.
[3]. V.S.P. Rao and narayana, “principles and practices of management”;Himalaya publishers, 1992

Seema Hiregoudar, Dr. G. Vani “Qualities of Good Leadership for Effective Organisation” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.336-338 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/336-338.pdf

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Effect of Structural Changes on Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Fractographical Analysis of Binary Al-12si Base Alloy
Devappa, T. M. Chandrashekharaiah, D.N. Roopa, Somashekar Hiremath – April 2018 – Page No.: 339-343

Present investigation deals with the influence of grain refinement (Al-1Ti-3B) and modification (Al-10Sr) on the microstructure, mechanical properties such as fracture toughness and fracture behaviour of Al-12Si alloy. The tests like tensile, hardness, impact and fracture toughness are conducted on as cast as well as refined and modified binary Al-12Si alloy. The characterisation of Al-12Si alloy before and after tests are conducted using opticalmicroscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. The results showed that improvements in the mechanical properties and fracture toughness with the additions of refiner and modifier when compared to as cast condition. Further, the fractographical analysis shows that brittle fracture with severe damage is observed in case of binary as cast Al-12Si alloy. Whereas grain refined and modified alloys showed less severity in damage due to increase in toughness and strength of the alloys.

Page(s): 339-343                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Devappa
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

 T. M. Chandrashekharaiah
Professor and Head, R&D Centre, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalpataru Institute of Technology, Tiptur-572201, Karnataka, India

 D.N. Roopa
Assistant Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

 Somashekar Hiremath
Assistant Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shaikh College of Engineering and Technology, Belagavi-591116, Karnataka, India.

[1]. R. Shivanath, P. K. Sengupta, and T. S. Eyre, “Wear of aluminium-silicon alloys, Br.Foundrymen”, Vol.79, 1977, pp 349-356.
[2]. N. Saheb, T. Laoui, A. R. Daud, M. Harun, S. Radiman and R. Yahaya, “Influence of Ti addition on wear properties of Al-Si eutectic alloys”, Wear, Vol.249, 2001, pp 656-662.
[3]. J. E. Gruzleski and B. M Closset, “The treatment to Liquid aluminium silicon alloys”, AFS, Illinois, 1990, pp 1-254.
[4]. S. A. Kori, “Studies on the grain refinement and modification of some hypoeutectic and eutectic Al-Si alloys”, Ph. D Thesis, IIT Kharagpur, 2000.
[5]. Ben Heshmatpour, “High performance phosphorus additives for modification of silicon in Al-Si alloys”, TMS Light Metals, Ed. Wayne Hale, 1996, pp 687-695.
[6]. D.G. McCartney, “Grain refining of aluminium and its alloys using inoculants”, Int. Mater. Rev. Vol. 34, 5, 1989, pp 247–260.
[7]. S. A. Kori, B. S. Murty and M. Chakraborty, “Effect of Al-5Ti-1B grain refiner on some hypereutectic Al-Si alloys”, Indian Foundry Journal, Vol. 47, 1, 2001, pp 13-17.
[8]. T. M. Chandrashekharaiah, “Studies on the grain refinement and modification of some hypoeutectic, eutectic and hypereutectic Al-Si alloys”, Ph. D Thesis, VTU, Belgaum, Karnataka, India, 2008.
[9]. M. M. Haque and A.Sharif, “Study on wear properties of aluminium-silicon piston alloy”, J. Mater. Proce. Tech., Vol.118, 2001, pp 69-73.
[10]. B. S Murty, S. A. Kori and M. Chakraborty, “Indigenous development of grain refiners for Al and its alloys”, Proce. of the sixth Asian Foundry Congress, Culcutta, India, January 23-26, 1999, pp 231-243.

Devappa, T. M. Chandrashekharaiah, D.N. Roopa, Somashekar Hiremath “Effect of Structural Changes on Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Fractographical Analysis of Binary Al-12si Base Alloy” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.339-343 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/339-343.pdf

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Generation of Electric Energy with Wind and Braking System

Bansi Raja, Hitarth Shukla, Aasav Sureja – April 2018 Page No.: 344-348

This research targets the design of an Electric car with wind turbine that will be installed to generate electrical power to charge the batteries when in motion. This wind powered car will have a wind turbine on its backside. During motion the wind flowing through wind ducts will rotate the turbine. This rotary movement is transferred to the mechanical component which will convert rotatory motion into electric energy. Along with the concept of wind turbine, Regenerative braking systems help to lower consumption in hybrid vehicles and reduce their carbon footprint. They can also increase the range of electric vehicles. Regenerative Braking System is the way of slowing vehicle by using the motors as brakes. Instead of the surplus energy of the vehicle being wasted as unwanted heat, the motors act as generators and return some of it to the overhead wires as electricity.

Page(s): 344-348                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Bansi Raja
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Department, Indus Institute of Technology and Engineering, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

 Hitarth Shukla
UG Student, Mechanical Department, Indus Institute of Technology and Engineering, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

 Aasav Sureja
UG Student, Mechanical Department, Indus Institute of Technology and Engineering, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

[1]. Gipe, P. (2006, January 23). Generator Ratings and Capacity Factors. Retrieved December 2010, from Wind-Works.org: http://www.windworks.org/articles/generatorratingandcapacityfactors.html
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Bansi Raja, Hitarth Shukla, Aasav Sureja “Generation of Electric Energy with Wind and Braking System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.344-348 April 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/344-348.pdf

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Optimization of Machining Parameters on Surface Roughness by Taguchi Approach
Dudhat Hiren Pragajibhai, Sulabh Nalwaya, Pavan Singh, Rahul Jain – April 2018 – Page No.: 349-361

The present work Optimization of Machining parameters on Surface Roughness by Taguchi approach has been undertaken keeping into consideration the following problems:
1) In today’s fast growing manufacturing sector, applications of proper simulation, modeling and optimization strategies in CNC turning process is essential to improve the machining, and the overall productivity.
2) High cost of numerically controlled machine tools, compared to their conventional counterparts, has forced us to operate these machines as efficiently as possible in order to obtain the required payback.
3) Usually the previous turning experimental study based on spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut and these cutting parameters are use for optimization of operations. Due to the highly competitive global competition and precision product requirements these important machining parameters optimize for the best process optimization.
4) It is not possible to obtain mathematical model for Taguchi model, the investigation of mathematical model is thus very essential. Because mathematical model is powerful tool to predict response for any of input parameters values within the experimental domain, and optimal values can be any of parameters point i.e., parameters are continuous and can take any real value. So, the necessary data required for developing the mathematical model for Taguchi method only possible when Taguchi method is coupled with other optimization technique.
The problem was to find an optimum set of conditions that were to produce minimum surface roughness.
There are two purposes of this research. The first is to demonstrate a systematic approach of using Taguchi parameter design of process control of individual CNC turning machine. The second is to demonstrate the use of Taguchi parameter design in order to identify the optimum surface roughness and performance with a particular combination of cutting parameters in a CNC turning operation.

Page(s): 349-361                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 20 May 2018

 Dudhat Hiren Pragajibhai
M. Tech scholar, Jaipur Engineering College, Kukas, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

 Sulabh Nalwaya
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jaipur Engineering College, Kukas, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

 Pavan Singh
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, ACE College, Agra, UP, India

 Rahul Jain
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, FET, Agra College, Agra, UP, India

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Dudhat Hiren Pragajibhai, Sulabh Nalwaya, Pavan Singh, Rahul Jain “Optimization of Machining Parameters on Surface Roughness by Taguchi Approach” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 4, pp.349-361 April 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-4/349-361.pdf

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