Volume V Issue III

PWM Based Inverter using Spartan 6 FPGA

Mahesh K. Patil, Vinod B. Kumbhar, Aditya N. Hambar, Girish S. Hasure – March 2018 Page No.: 01-03

The principal objective of enhancement techniques is to process an image so that the result is more suitable than the original image for a specific application. Image enhancement techniques used in many areas such that Forensics, Astrophotography, Fingerprint matching etc. In image processing, low contrast image analysis is a challenging problem. Low contrast digital images reduce the ability of observer in analyzing the image. Here we propose a new method for low contrast color images enhancement. This method uses two step processing, in first step global contrast stretching method is applied to improve the contrast of image and then in second step global and local contrast enhancement(GLCE) is performed because applying the local contrast enhancement along with global contrast enhancement is much better than that of global contrast enhancement only or local contrast enhancement only. To evaluate the effectiveness of our method we choose two widely used metrics Absolute Mean Brightness Error (AMBE) and PSNR. Based on results of these two metrics this algorithm is proved as a flexible and effective way for low contrast image enhancement.

Page(s): 01-03                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 March 2018

 Mahesh K. Patil
Asst. Prof, Dept of Electronics, DKTES’s Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra, India

 Vinod B. Kumbhar
Asst. Prof, Dept of Electronics, DKTES’s Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra, India

 Aditya N. Hambar
Software Engineer, Global Edge Software Ltd, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

 Girish S. Hasure
Project Engineer, Cerium Systems Pvt. Ltd, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. KoutroulisE., Dollas A. and KalaitzakisK.,“High-frequency pulse width modulation implementation using FPGA and CPLD ICs”, Journal of Systems Architecture , Vol.52 (2006): pp. 332–344.
[2]. Rashid M.H., Power Electronics Handbook. Florida, Academic Press, 2001.
[3]. M. Zoheb, V. Sharma M, S. Vashishtha and M. Shahid, “Implementation of Brushless DC Motor Using FPGA Interface”, vol. 2, issue 5, May 2013.
[4]. Ngoc Quy Le and Jai Wook Jeon, “An Open-loop Stepper Motor Driver Based on FPGA”, International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems, Oct. 17-20, 2007.
[5]. Rahim N. A., Islam Z., “Field Programmable Gate Array-Based Pulse-Width Modulation for Single Phase Active Power Filter”, American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2009, p 1742-1747.
[6]. Mekhilef S.,Masaoud A., “Xilinx FPGA Based Multilevel PWM Single Phase Inverter”, IEEE International conference on Industrial Technology ICIT’ 06, 15-17 Dec. 2006, Mumbai, p. 259 – 264.
[7]. Cheng J., Witulski A. and Vollin J., “A small-signal model utilizing amplitude modulation for the Class-D converter at fixed frequency”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics,Vol.15(2000),pp. 1204–1211.

Mahesh K. Patil, Vinod B. Kumbhar, Aditya N. Hambar, Girish S. Hasure “PWM Based Inverter using Spartan 6 FPGA” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.01-03 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/01-03.pdf

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Intelligent Book Finder using Radio Frequency Identification
Shubham Mishra, Shubham Pundir, Vaibhav Kumar Gupta, Vivek Kumar Singh, Ravi Kumar – March 2018 – Page No.: 04-07

This project involves discovering a new way altogether for the identification of books and finding a lost book in a library. Today, what we use to keep the track of books is the old and outdated barcode technology, which generally involves providing each book with a unique barcode and then scanning all books one by one just to find that particular book. The new method suggested from the groundwork of our research is the usage of RFID technology for this tiresome and time taking job. The new method involves usage of electronic tags to store identification data and a wireless transmitter or reader to capture it. The results seen during the testing has been good and several organizations are mandating to use RFID to track asset.

Page(s): 04-07                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 March 2018

 Shubham Mishra
Student, ECE, IMSEC, Ghaziabad, U.P, India

 Shubham Pundir
Student, ECE, IMSEC, Ghaziabad, U.P, India

 Vaibhav Kumar Gupta
Student, ECE, IMSEC, Ghaziabad, U.P, India

 Vivek Kumar Singh
Student, ECE, IMSEC, Ghaziabad, U.P, India

 Ravi Kumar
Assistant Professor, ECE, IMSEC, Ghaziabad, U.P, India

[1]. RFID: A Guide to Radio Frequency Identification, Pedro M. Reyes, Mcgraw-Hill Education, 2011
[2]. Mike Meyers’ CompTIA, Mark Brown, Sam Patadia and SanjivDua, McGraw-Hill-Osborne, 2007
[3]. RFID Implementation, Dennis Brown, McGraw-Hill Education, 2006
[4]. RFID for Dummies, Patrick J. Sweeney, Wiley Publishing, 2016

Shubham Mishra, Shubham Pundir, Vaibhav Kumar Gupta, Vivek Kumar Singh, Ravi Kumar “Intelligent Book Finder using Radio Frequency Identification” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.04-07 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/04-07.pdf

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Storytelling Long-Format Ads – A Better Way for Effective Consumer Engagement
Rajesh Nambiar – March 2018 – Page No.: 08-13

Brands are betting big on the storytelling format of long duration advertisements or series of ads. Digital medium today gives brands the opportunity to delve deep into the heart and minds of their consumers through long duration ads or series of ads. Long duration ads have undoubtedly allowed the brands to go beyond the regular 30-seconder short format which not only used to restrict the brands from highlighting its essential story but was also a challenge for the advertising agency to integrate the essence of the brand. The duration of ads have now increased from 30 seconds to 3 to 4 minutes. Everyone surely remembers and cherishes the long-format ads like Google re-union; British Airways’ A Ticket to Visit Mum, Fortune oil, Amazon’s ‘when a woman shops’, Tata Sky Prison break, Dabur Vatika’s Brave & Beautiful and many more. Brands like DBS, Google, Amazon, Star Sports, Vodafone launched their brand story through a series of ads in an innovative manner leaving a high impact on each and every consumer. The storytelling long-format of ads or series of ads make the consumers connect quite closely with the product’s core thought thereby leaving a high impact on them with possibly a better engagement.
The storytelling long-format ad or series of ads allows for greater creative freedom and thus allows various routes to customer education, product information/gamification, category and brand build and customer engagement. Engagement can be built around these storytelling long-format ad or series of ads thus captivating customers for even longer.
The advantage of a well-made, clutter breaking, creative storytelling ad – irrespective of its format (long duration or short duration) is that its impact is far greater than a run-of-the-mill ad. While advertising should never be created with duration in mind (as a constraint), the fact is the duration factor does affect them subliminally. Every creative person will reject an idea in his/her own mind if he/she thinks it warrants more than 40-seconds of air time. With diktats like product window and consumption shots also being forced on them by the client, it is natural that most creatives are on expected lines. In that context it is wonderful to see a 4-minute storytelling long-format ad being created for a brand. Brands today are going beyond making the stereotype ads that shows consumption, comparison, product windows etc. Brands are finding ways of communication for better consumer engagement and here is where storytelling long-format ads or series of ads are helping them do it more effectively.

Page(s): 08-13                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 March 2018

 Rajesh Nambiar
GNVS Institute of Management, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

[1]. http://www.livemint.com/Consumer/QDme99hHc9iHppKx5w97BK/IPL-Why-ad-campaign-series-like-Amazon-Indias-Chonkpur-Ch.html
[2]. http://www.campaignindia.in/video/vodafone-navigates-an-elderly-couple-through-their-second-honeymoon/435647
[3]. http://pitchonnet.com
[4]. http://www.digitalvidya.com/blog/case-study-on-star-sports-mauka-mauka-campaign-on-social-media-channels/
[5]. www.exchange4media.com
[6]. http://www.afaqs.com/news/story/39230_Google-India-Searching-beyond-borders
[7]. www.indiatelevision.com
[8]. www.benchmarkemail.com/blogs/detail/how-google-india-nailed-marketing-through-storytelling
[9]. http://www.campaignindia.in/video/dbs-banks-chilli-paneer-is-back-with-an-interactive-twist/421909
[10]. www.agencyfaqs.com
[11]. http://www.afaqs.com/news/story/43477_AD-FILMSLonger-and-Longer
[12]. https://brandequity.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/digital/vodafone-creates-most-engaging-content-this-ipl-season-maxus-mesh/58841312
[13]. http://www.indiantelevision.com/mam/marketing/mam/diwali-ads-the-new-age-way-of-storytelling-171023
[14]. http://www.mxmindia.com/2017/05/storytelling-unlimited/
[15]. https://www.socialsamosa.com/2015/01/dbs-bank-india-narrates-modern-day-story-via-chilli-paneer-film-keep-social-media-fans-hooked/
[16]. http://lighthouseinsights.in/dbs-bank-chilli-paneer-film-social-media-campaign.html/

Rajesh Nambiar “Storytelling Long-Format Ads – A Better Way for Effective Consumer Engagement ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 08-13 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/08-13.pdf

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A Descriptive Analysis of Consumer Perception on Online Grocery Shopping

Sabari Shankar R, Nareshkkumar S – March 2018 Page No.: 14-18

Online shopping has been intruding in all sector and walks of life. As businesses are expanding it brick to click, it is highly relevant for consumers and businesses to understand the consumer perception. India has witnessed new changes in evolving grocery shopping styles such as online grocery shopping which is constructed by retailers to attract the consumers. This paper intends to understand the consumer perception of online grocery shopping and the impact of demographic factors on the same. To find out the facts, 200 respondents were considered as sample size and data was collected through structured questionnaire. SPSS was used to analyse data and findings were interpreted. The major findings are there is impact of demographics on consumer perception on online grocery shopping and monthly saving and budget control are possible. The important dimensions considered for online grocery shopping are listed. This paper would be relevant for the people and businesses that are interested and impacted by online grocery shopping.

Page(s): 14-18                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 Sabari Shankar R
Academic Associate, Marketing Management Area, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, Kerala, India

 Nareshkkumar S
Academic Associate, Humanities and Liberal Arts, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, Kerala, India

[1]. https://www.businesstoday.in/moneytoday/smart-spending/online-grocery-shopping-vegetables-new-trend-in-india/story/197141.html
[2]. Choi, Y. M. (2013). A structural equation model of the determinants of repeat purchase behaviour of online grocery shoppers in the UK. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Newcastle University, Newcastle, England.
[3]. Mohd Zaini, Z. M., Ramli, N., Ghani, F. A., Samsudin, A., Hamid, M., Jusoff, K., Ngali, N., Rahmat, N., Khalid, K. & Musa, M. (2011). Online grocery shopping: The affect of time availability on Malaysian consumer preferences. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12, 60-67
[4]. Jiang, L., Yang, Z. & Jun, M. (2013). Measuring consumer perceptions of online shopping convenience. Journal of Service Management, 24(2), 191-214
[5]. Souitaris V, Balabanis G. 2007. Tailoring online retail strategies to increase customer satisfaction and loyalty. Long Range Planning 40(2): 244–261
[6]. Wood A. 2011. Multichannel Shopping: Crossing the Channels.AdMap: Warc
[7]. Freeman M. 2009. Experiences of users from online grocery stores. In Self-Service in the Internet Age. Springer: London; 139–160
[8]. Hand C, Riley FDO, Harris P, Singh J, Rettie R. 2009. Online grocery shopping: the influence of situational factors. European Journal of Marketing 43(9/10): 1205–1219
[9]. Montgomery AL, Li S, Srinivasan K, Liechty JC. 2004. Modeling online browsing and path analysis using clickstream data. Marketing Science 23(4): 579–595.
[10]. Raijas A. 2002. The consumer benefits and problems in the electronic grocery store. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services 9(2): 107–113.
[11]. Merz R. 2013. Male shoppers shop online to avoid embarrassment. Available at http://www.scoop.it/t/digital-consumer-behaviour/p/3995772165/2013/01/31/male-shoppers-shop-online-to-avoidembarrassment-popai [Accessed]
[12]. Richmond A. 1996. Enticing online shoppers to buy—a human behavior study. Computer Networks and ISDN Systems 28(7): 1469–1480
[13]. Sorensen H. 2009. So just what is a “quick trip?”. Available at http://shopperscientist.com/2009-03-26.html [Accessed].
[14]. Morganosky, M.A. and Cude, B.J. (2000), “Consumer response to online grocery shopping”, International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 17-26
[15]. Fransi, E.C. and Viadiu, F.M. (2007), “A study of e-retailing management: analysing the expectations and perceptions of Spanish consumers”, International Journal of Consumer Studies, Vol. 31 No. 6, pp. 613-622.
[16]. Hiser, J., Nayga, R.M. and Capps, O. Jr (1999), “An exploratory analysis of amiliarity and willingness to use online food shopping services in a local area of Texas”, Journal of Food Distribution Research, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 78-90

Sabari Shankar R, Nareshkkumar S “A Descriptive Analysis of Consumer Perception on Online Grocery Shopping” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.14-18 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/14-18.pdf

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Effectiveness of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Gait Parameters in Stroke Patients- An Experimental Study

K.Vadivelan, S. Bamila – March 2018 Page No.: 19-20

Abstract:
Objectives: Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The prevalence rates of stroke in rural areas are much lower than in metropolitan cities in India. Gait is considered as a dynamic and biological structure that sub serves locomotion and exhibits a periodic relationship among successive states of supporting limbs.
Aim: To investigate the effect of RAS on gait parameters following stroke.
Methodology: Quasi experimental study, pre and post-test design.
Procedure: Subjects were randomly selected according to selection criteria and assigned into group A and group B. Group A took conventional gait training, group B took RAS along with conventional gait training.
Conclusion: The present study concludes that group B- conventional gait training with RAS is effective than group A – conventional gait training alone.

Page(s): 19-20                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 K.Vadivelan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 S. Bamila
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. ACADEMIC MUSIC THERAPY FORUM; Chronobiological aspects of music physiology; November 28;2000 retrieve.
[2]. ALDRIDGE; The creative arts therapies in the treatment of neurodegenerative illness. Retrieved March 10,2005.
[3]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION; Relationship between stride length and walking rate in gait training for hemi paretic stroke patients; march 1999; 78 (2): 147-152.
[4]. CONCETTA M.TOMAINO, D.A., MT-BC, LCAT; Using rhythm for rehabilitation.
[5]. DOUGLAS R.JEFFERY AND DAVID .C GOOD; Rehabilitation of the stroke patients; current opinion in neurology; 1995;8:62-68.
[6]. EDWARD A.ROTH.MM-MT-BC; Rhythmicity and brain function towards a scientific model of music therapy; (1999).
[7]. EUN-MI-EMILY KWALE,MME,MT-BC,NMT; Effect of RAS on gait parametrs in children with spastic cerebral palsy.
[8]. ISABELLA PEREZ AND ROBERT J.ZATORRE; Brain organization for music processing ; Annual review of psychology volume 56;2005;pp 89-114.
[9]. Incidence and prevalence of stroke;stroke preview; arrero product monograph; 2006.
[10]. KARLA L, DALE P, CROME P; Improving stroke rehabilitation; stroke 1993; vol 24; 1462-1467.

K.Vadivelan, S. Bamila “Effectiveness of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Gait Parameters in Stroke Patients- An Experimental Study” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.19-20 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/19-20.pdf

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Effect of Lower Extremity Strength Training on Gait in Cerebral Palsy Children
N. Gomathy Ramakrishnan, K.Vadivelan – March 2018 – Page No.: 21-22

Objectives: To evaluate and examine whether strengthening lower extremity improves gait speed, cadence and stride length and motor activity in cerebral palsy children.
Design: Experimental design, Randomized controlled trial.
Settings: The study was conducted at the Spastic Society of Tamil Nadu, Taramani and Royapuram, Chennai.
Procedure: 30 Subjects with age group 5-14 years with diplegic cerebral palsy who can walk for atleast 45m with GMFCS level I and II are divided into two groups, one group is controlled where as other was an experimental group. Group-A trained with strength training and Group-B receives conventional physiotherapy.
Results: The significant results of this study shows improvement in gait performance in the experimental group form mean value 98 in pre-test to 123.7 in post-test.
Conclusion: The study concludes that there was significant improvement of gait performance with short programme of lower extremity strength training than 5 week lower extremity training in control group.

Page(s): 21-22                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 N. Gomathy Ramakrishnan
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 K.Vadivelan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Darcy Ann Umphred, neurological rehabilitation.
[2]. Damino DL, Vaughan CL, Abel MF. Muscle response to heavy resistance exercise in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1995: 37:731-739.
[3]. Damino DL, Kelly LE, Vaughn CL. Effects of quadriceps femoris muscle strengthening on crouch gait in children with spastic diplegia. Phys Ther 1995;75:658-667.
[4]. Engsberg JR , Ross SA, Bark TS . Changes in ankle spasticity and strength following selective dorsal rhizotomy and physical therapy for spastic cerebral palsy 1999;91:727-732.
[5]. Kramer JF, Macphail HEA. (1994) Relationship among measures of walking efficiency, gross motor ability and isokinetic strength in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Pediatric physical therapy 6:3-8.
[6]. Vander Berg- Emons R, van Baak M , de Barbanson D, Speth L, Saris W. (1986) Reliability of tests to determine peak aerobic power, anaerobic power and isokinetic strength in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 38:1117-25.
[7]. Leonard CT, Moritani T, Hirschfeld H, Forrsberg H (1990). Deficits in reciprocal inhibition of children with cerebral palsy as revealed by H reflex testing , Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 32:974-84.
[8]. Richard Koschielny American Association Of Intensive Paediatric physical therapy.
[9]. Exercise and Sports science reviews American college of sports medicine, vol31 no 2,2003.
[10]. Buchner DM, Beres ford SA, Larson EB, effect on physical activity on health statis in older adults II intervention studies. Ann rev public health 1992:13:469-88.

N. Gomathy Ramakrishnan, K.Vadivelan “Effect of Lower Extremity Strength Training on Gait in Cerebral Palsy Children” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.21-22 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/21-22.pdf

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Effectiveness of Lower Limb Strengthening for Children with Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy using Stationary Cycling
K.Vadivelan, R. Megaladevi – March 2018 – Page No.: 23-24

Abstract:
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of stationary bicycling intervention for children with spastic diplegia has significant improvement in gross motor function of standing and walking.
Design: Experimental design, convenient sampling method.
Settings: The study was conducted at the Spastic Society of Tamil Nadu, Taramani, and Chennai.
Procedure: 30 Subjects with age group 8¬-15 years with spasticity score 1 and 1+ in hip and knee extensors and ankle plantar flexors, ability to walk independently indoors and with good or fair voluntary control in lower limbs are divided into two groups, one group is controlled where as other was an experimental group.
Results: The significant results of this study shows that p value of group-B is lesser than 0.01 and group-A shows lesser than 0.000.
Conclusion: The study concludes that there was significant improvement of motor activity in both groups. The results of the subjects who trained with stationary cycling shown good motor recovery than control groups.

Page(s): 23-24                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 K.Vadivelan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 R. Megaladevi
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Styer- Acevedo J ; Physical Therapy for the child with cerebral palsy. In: Tecklin J Editor. Pediatric physical therapy; 3rd ed Philadelphia Lippincott willians & wilkins; 1999; 107-62.
[2]. Okumura A, Kato T, Kuno K: MRI Findings in patients with spastic CP. II: Correlation with types of cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neural 39:369,199.
[3]. Karl Bo bath , A neurophysical basis for treatment of cerebral palsy.
[4]. Morton, J.F., M. Brownlee, and A.K. Mc Fadyen; The effects of progressive resistance training for children with cerebral palsy; clin. Rehabil; 2005; 19; 283-289.
[5]. Katz, R.T ; Life expectancy for children with cerebral palsy and mental retardation implications for life care planning; neurorehabilitation; 2003;18:261-270.
[6]. Richard kosurley: American association of intensive paediatrics physical therapy; 1998.
[7]. Rimmer JH; physical fitness level of persons with cerebral palsy; Dev Med Child Neurol. 2001;43:208-212.
[8]. Unnithan, Progressive Resistance Training Increases In Strength In Children And Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy; 2010.
[9]. Schlough, K., D. Nawoczenski, L. Case; The effects of aerobic exercise on endurance, strength, function, and self- perception in adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy: A report of three cases studies; pediatric phys ther 2005; 17;234-250.
[10]. Fowler EG, Ho TW, Nwigwe Al Dorey FJ; The effect of quadriceps femoris muscle strengthening exercises on spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Phys ther; 2001;81:1215-1223.
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K.Vadivelan, R. Megaladevi “Effectiveness of Lower Limb Strengthening for Children with Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy using Stationary Cycling ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 23-24 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/23-24.pdf

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Effect of High Intensity Resistance Training in Improving Lower Extremity Muscle Strength and Self Reported Function in Post Stroke Patients

K.Vadivelan, R.Sarala Devi, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar – March 2018 Page No.: 25-27

Abstract:-
Objectives: To determine the effects of high intensity resistance training in improving lower extremity muscle strength and self-reported function in post stroke patients.
Design: Quasi experimental design.
Settings: The study was conducted at the SRM General Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai.
Procedure: 30 Subjects were allocated into two groups. Group-A are given conventional therapy, along with high intensity exercises like bilateral leg press, unilateral paretic limb knee extension, unilateral ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion. Subjects in Group-B received conventional therapy alone.
Results: The results shows that there is a significant difference in transfers and stairs in pre and post outcome measures in control group p=0.000 and there is no statistical significant different in flexors muscle group of pre and post outcome measures between experimental and control group.
Conclusion: The improvement in the strength and functional outcome confirms the therapeutic benefits of high intensity resistance training in post stroke hemiplegic subjects.

Page(s): 25-27                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 K.Vadivelan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 R.Sarala Devi
PG Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar
Dean, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. David A brown, Katherine J Sullivan. Effect of task- specific locomotor & strength training in adults who were ambulatory after stroke. The steps Randomized clinical trial. Physical therapy 2007;87:1580-1602.
[2]. Katheine J Sullivan , David A Brown. Effects of combined task specific & lower extremity strength training improves walking ability after stroke. Clinical of physical therapy, 2007; 12; 1580-1602.
[3]. E.Rydwik, S. Eliasson. Effect of exercise on affected foot in stroke patients reduces functional limitations. Clinical rehabilitation, 2006; 20(8):645-655.
[4]. S.Eliasson. Resisted exercise on affected knee in stroke patients reduces disability. Clinical rehabilitation, 2006:20:630-660.
[5]. Viosca E,Gracia A. Barthel index and assessment with a new functional classification shows good recovery of walking after a stroke. Arch phys med rehabilitation 2005:86(6): 1239-44.
[6]. Weiss A, Suzuki.t. High intensity strength training improves strength and functional performance after stroke AMJ phys med rehab 2000:79:369-376.
[7]. Richard W Bohannon. Increase in knee extension strength of the post stroke reduces disability. Clinical rehabilitation, 1998;12:434-440.
[8]. Nugent J, Schurr K. A dose response relationship between amount of weight – bearing exercise and walking outcome following stroke. Arch phys med rehabilitation, 1994;75:399.
[9]. Ewart CK, Stewart KJ. Self –efficiency mediates strength gains during circuit weight training in men with hemiplegia. Medical science sports exercise,1986; 18: 531-540.
[10]. Clarke H.H. New objective strength tests of muscle groups by cable tension methods, Res. Q, 1952;23:136.

K.Vadivelan, R.Sarala Devi, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar “Effect of High Intensity Resistance Training in Improving Lower Extremity Muscle Strength and Self Reported Function in Post Stroke Patients” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.25-27 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/25-27.pdf

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A Comparative Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Open and Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises in Patello Femoral Pain Syndrome
K.Vadivelan, M. Sivakumar, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar – March 2018 – Page No.: 28-29

Objective: Patello- femoral knee pain is a common compliant of athletes and non-athlets of both genders. The prevalence of PFPS has been shown to be as high as one in four in the atheletic population. In a study of 83 runners treated for knee compaints 57.5% were diagnosed with PFPS
Methodology: STUDY DESIGN: A controlled laboratory study, STUDY DURATION: four weeks, SETTING: YMCA College of physical education, Chennai., SAMPLE SIZE: 26 samples.
Procedure: The sports population in the YMCA College of physical education and Ullagaram cricket club was screened for patellofemoral dysfunction using the patellofemoral functional scale. The eligible 26 subjects (17 males and 9 females) were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and informed consent form was obtained the subjects after explanation about PFPS, the subjects were separated into two groups namely A and B.
Conclusion: As the closed kinetic exercise had a marginal significant better results while compared to that of the open kinetic exercises, both are significant in treating PFPS.

Page(s): 28-29                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 K.Vadivelan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 M. Sivakumar
Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar
Dean, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Casarelli M et al, Delay in activation of vastus medialis in anterior knee pain patients, arch phys med rehab, (33); 2000.
[2]. Charles R Felder, Maureen A Leeson (1997) Specific training of vastus medialis and vastus lateralis, med science sports exercise.
[3]. Dehaven et al, chondromalacia patella, 1980; Am Fam Physician (21).
[4]. Deveraux KE, et al; 1984; Linderberg 1986, incidence of PFPS in general sporting population.
[5]. Fleck; physiology of eccentric training.
[6]. Folland, chong, copeman 2001- physiology of eccentric training.
[7]. Fulkerson JP et al, Tracking in patella.
[8]. Mark S Juhn D.O PFPS A review and guidelines of treatment, Nov 1999, AM,FAM Physician.
[9]. Milgrom C, Finestone A, Eldad A, et al: Patellofemoral pain caused by overactivity; a prospective study of risk factors in infantry recruits. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1991;73(7):1041-1043
[10]. Post WR: Clinical evaluation of patients with patellofemoral disorders. Arthroscopy 1999;15(8):841-851.

K.Vadivelan, M. Sivakumar, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar “A Comparative Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Open and Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises in Patello Femoral Pain Syndrome” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.28-29 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/28-29.pdf

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Effectiveness of Tens in Reducing Postural Instability in Stroke Patients with and without Neglect- An Experimental Study
V. Sudharshan, K.Vadivelan, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar – March 2018 – Page No.: 30-31

Abstract:
Objective: The purpose of the study is to find the effectiveness of TENS in reducing postural instability in stroke patients with and without neglect.
Methodology: STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study, SAMPLE SIZE: 30 Samples, STUDY SETTING: Vijaya hospital and home based study.
Procedure: 30 patients were selected based on the selection criteria in that 15 stroke patients with neglect and 15 stroke patients without neglect.
Conclusion: This study was done on 15 stroke patients with neglect and 15 stroke patients without neglect who is scoring 1 in unsupported sitting of berg balance scale were selected to apply TENS.

Page(s): 30-31                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 19 March 2018

 V. Sudharshan
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 K.Vadivelan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar
Dean, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. ERAMUDUGOLLA R- Association between auditory and visual symptoms of unilateral spatial neglect. Neuropsychologia 2007; 45(11): 2631-7.
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[3]. SAPIR A, KAPLAN JB- Anatomical correlates of directional hypokinesia in patients with hemi spatial neglect. J neuroscience 2007 april 11; 27(15): 4045-51.
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[10]. VALLAR G- Modulation of neglect hemianesthesia by transcutaneous electrical stimulation J Int Neuropsychol soc 1996 sp 2 (5):452-9.

V. Sudharshan, K.Vadivelan, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar “Effectiveness of Tens in Reducing Postural Instability in Stroke Patients with and without Neglect- An Experimental Study” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 30-31 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/30-31.pdf

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A Review on Preparation and Characterization of Cadmium Zinc Sulphide Thin Film
Anshu Panbude, Mina Mishra, Sandhya Pillai, Smithy Philip – March 2018 – Page No.: 32-35

Nano thin films have found a vast application in today’s world. Thin film studies have directly or indirectly advanced many new areas. Thin films due to its different properties in nano range provide a large scope to be used in miniature size devices. In comparison to monolayer thin films, multilayer thin films are supposed to exhibit far more enhanced properties. The purpose of this paper is to review the fabrication techniques, advantages and applications of multilayer thin film. In addition to this the paper also emphasis on the properties of cadmium sulphide and cadmium zinc sulphide. Multilayer thin film of cadmium sulphide and cadmium zinc sulphide can be used for the better performance of the solar cells and other photoconductive devices. Multilayer thin films are the subject of continued technological advances made in the fields of optoelectronic and photonic devices. The multilayer thin films can be characterized by different techniques. The study of these techniques and materials gives a chance to bring out some more unique properties by using them in a new way.

Page(s): 32-35                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 23 March 2018

 Anshu Panbude
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication (Nanotechnology), C.C.E.T, Bhilai, C.G, India

 Mina Mishra
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication (Nanotechnology), C.C.E.T, Bhilai, C.G, India

 Sandhya Pillai
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication (Nanotechnology), C.C.E.T, Bhilai, C.G, India

 Smithy Philip
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication (Nanotechnology), C.C.E.T, Bhilai, C.G, India

[1]. Isaiah O. Oladeji, Lee Chow, (2005). Synthesis And Processing Of CdS/ZnS Multilayer Films For Solar Cell Application. Thin Solid Film.
[2]. Guozhong Cao. (2004). Nanostructures & Nanomaterials Synthesis, Properties & Applications. Imperial College Press, University of Washington, USA.
[3]. M.Kavitha, C.Gopinathan, R.Chandramohan, K.Neyvasagam and P.Pandi. (2013). Characteristics Studies On Multilayer Thin Fim In CBD For Photovoltaic Solar Cell Material, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology.
[4]. Olumide Oluwole Akinwunmi, Gabriel O. Egharevba and Ezekiel Oladele Bolarinwa Ajayi. (2014). Synthesis And Characterization of CdS, ZnS And CdZnS Nanoparticles Embedded In Polystyrene. Journal of Modern Physics.
[5]. C. Gopinathan, T.Sarveswaran and K.Mahalakshmi. (2011). Studies On CdS Nanocrystalline Thin Films With Different S/Cd Ratios Prepared Using Chemical Bath Deposition Method. Adv. Studies Theor. Phys.
[6]. Kshitij Taneja, Lekhya Venkata Madiraju, Manoj Kumar, Raghunandan Seelaboyina, Anup Kumar Keshri and SarangMahajan. (2013). Substrate Rotation Chemical Bath Deposition Of Cadmium Sulfide Buffer Layers For Thin Film Solar Cell Application. Conference Papers in Energy.
[7]. Bulent M. Basol, Mustafa Pinarbasi, James Freitag. (2012). Solar Cell Buffer Layer Having Varying Composition. United States.
[8]. Wen S Chen. (1992). Cadmium Zinc Sulfide By Solution Growth. United States.
[9]. Basavarajeshwari. M. Baraker and Blaise Lobo. (2016). Experimental Study Of PVA-PVP Blend Films Doped With Cadmium Chloride Monohydrate. Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics.
[10]. J.Aguilar-Hernandez, G Contreras-Puente, A Morales-Acevedo, O Vigil-Galan, FCruz-Gandarilla, JVidal-Larramendi, AEscamilla-Esquive, H Hernandez-Contreras, MHesiquio-Garduno, A Arias-Carbaja, M Chavarria-Castaneda and G Arriaga-Meja. (2003). Photoluminescence And Structural Properties Of Cadmium Sulphide Thin Films Grown By Different Techniques. Semicond. Sci. Technology.
[11]. Hugh O. Pierson. (1999). Handbook of Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) Principles. Technology, and Applications. Noyes Publications Park Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.A.
[12]. Suresh Sagadevan and Koteeswari Pandurangan. (2014). Synthesis, Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties Of Cadmium sulphide Thin Films By Chemical Bath Deposition Method. International Journal of ChemTech Research.
[13]. M. Melvin David Kumar, Suganthi Devadason, S. Rajesh. (2012). Quantum Confinement in Cadmium Selenide Multilayer Thin Films Using Physical Vapour Deposition Method. Journal of Nano- And Electronic Physics.
[14]. R.P.Dutta and P.K.Saikia. (2012). An Electrical And Structural Studies Of Multilayer Of Cds, Cdte, Cdse And Znse Thin Film Deposited By Thermal Evaporation Method. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development.
[15]. Dilip Maske. (2016). Growth And Characterization Of CdS Thin Films By Chemical Bath Deposition. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications.
[16]. HL Pushpalatha, S.Bellappa, T.N. Narayanaswamy and R. Ganesha. (2014). Structural And Optical Properties Of CdS Thin Film Obtained By CBD And Effect Of Annealing. Indian Journal of Pure & Apllied Physics.
[17]. M.Balakumari, P.Elangovan and A. Milton Franklin Benial. (2013). Fabrication And Characterization Of Zn-CdS Thin Films By Chemical Bath Deposition Method. Chalcogenide Letters.
[18]. S.Thirumavalavan, K.Mani, S.Saadevan. (2015). Studies On Structural, Optical And Electrical Properties Of Cadmium Sulphide Thin Films. Journal of Ovonic Research.
[19]. M S Shinde, P B Ahirrao , I J Patil and R S Patil. (2011). Studies On Nnanocrystalline ZnS Thin Films Prepared By Modified CBD Method. Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics.
[20]. J N Israelachvili. (1973). Thin Film Studies Using Multiple Beam Interferometry. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.
[21]. N. Kamoun Allouche, T. Ben Nasr, N. Turki Kamoun and C. Guasch. (2010). Synthesis And Properties Of Chemical Bath Deposited ZnS Multilayer Films. Materials Chemistry and Physics.
[22]. P.B.Taunk, R.Das, D.P.Bisen, R.K.Tamrakar and Nootan Rathor. (2015).Synthesis And Optical Properties Of Chemical Bath Deposited ZnO Thin Film. Karbala International Journal of Modern Science.
[23]. Manash Pratim Sarma and Ganesh Wary. (2015). Structural And Optical Properties Of ZnS And Cr-ZnS Thin Films Prepared By Chemical Bath Deposition Method. American Journal of Materials Science and Technology.
[24]. Shashi Bhushan and Anjali Oudhia. (2009). Photoconductivity and photoluminescence studies of CdS-Se: CdCl chemically deposited CdS-Se:CdCl2 ,Ho/Ndfilms. Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics
[25]. Rifat Hasan Rupom, Rummana Matin, M.S.Bashar, Munira Sultana, M.Rahaman, A.Gafur, M.A.Hakim, M.K.Hossain, M.R.Bhuiyan and F.Ahmed. (2016). Fabrication And Characterization Of Cadmium Sulfide (CdS) Buffer Layer Thin Film By Using Chemical Bath Deposition Method For Solar Cell. American International Journal of Research in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics.
[26]. Muhtade Mustafa Aqil, Mohd Asyadi Azam, Mohd Faizal Aziz and Rhonira Latif. (2017). Deposition And Characterization Of Molybdenum Thin Film Using Direct Current Magnetron And Atomic Force Microscopy. Hindawi Journal of Nanotechnology.
[27]. Ishak Afsin Kariper. (2016). Structural, Optical And Porosity Properties Of CdI2 Thin Film. Journal of Material Research & Technology.
[28]. Nehal A. Salahuddin, Maged El-Kemary, Ebtisam M. Ibrahim. (2015). Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanoparticles via Precipitation Method: Effect of Annealing Temperature on Particle Size. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.
[29]. M. Melvin David Kumar and Suganthi Devadason. (2013). Structural And Optical Properties Of CdTe/CdSe Heterostructure Multilayer Thin Films Prepared By Physical Vapor Deposition Technique. Appl Nanosci.
[30]. M. C. Rao and M. S. Shekhawat. (2013). A Brief Survey On Basic Properties Of Thin Films For Device Application. International Journal of Modern Physics.
[31]. Chinedu E. Ekuma, Mishark N. Nnabuchi, Eziaku Osarolube, Ephraim O. Chukwuocha and Michael C. Onyeaju. (2011). Optoelectronic Characterization Of Chemical Bath Deposited CdxCo1−xS Thin Film. Journal of Modern Physics. [32] A.E. Ajuba, S.C. Ezugwu, P.U. Asogwa and F.I. Ezema. (2010). Composition And Optical Characterization Of ZnO/NiO Multilayer Thin Film: Effect Of Annealing. Chalcogenide Letters.

Anshu Panbude, Mina Mishra, Sandhya Pillai, Smithy Philip “A Review on Preparation and Characterization of Cadmium Zinc Sulphide Thin Film” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 32-35 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/32-35.pdf

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Railway Traffic/Collision Control System
Ankur Rawat, Monika Bhati, Ayush Kr. Gupta, Shreya Shrivastava, Anchal Singh, Gyanesh Singh – March 2018 – Page No.: 36-37

Railway transportation is the foremost and most popular means of transportation among population. Railway transportation traffic control in India is centralized which sometimes delay the action on its accidental situation. In case of failure or any emergencies in between stations, immediate information can not be given and a particular problem will escalate with valuable time loss.
Wireless sensor network systems will suit the railways much more. In this laser sensing and wireless communication proposition there can be an alternative to control the trains from many hazardous accidents causing loss of life and property.

Page(s): 36-37                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 March 2018

 Ankur Rawat
EN Department, IMSEC, AKTU, Ghaziabad, India

 Monika Bhati
EN Department, IMSEC, AKTU, Ghaziabad, India

 Ayush Kr. Gupta
EN Department, IMSEC, AKTU, Ghaziabad, India

 Shreya  Shrivastava
EN Department, IMSEC, AKTU, Ghaziabad, India

 Anchal Singh
EN Department, IMSEC, AKTU, Ghaziabad, India

 Gyanesh Singh
Guide, IMSEC, AKTU, Ghaziabad, India

[1]. Brij Mohan Shukla, ” Communication Network for Management Of Operations And Assets Of Indian Railways”, Indian Institute Of Technology,Kanpur.
[2]. Jitendra Grover, ” Wireless Sensor Network In Railway Signalling System”, April 2015,MM University ,Ambala
[3]. Tolgay Kara, “Design And Simulation Of a Decentralized Railway Traffic Network”, University Of Gaizentep,Turkey

Ankur Rawat, Monika Bhati, Ayush Kr. Gupta, Shreya Shrivastava, Anchal Singh, Gyanesh Singh “Railway Traffic/Collision Control System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 36-37 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/36-37.pdf

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“A Study of Commercial Viability of Use of Business Model Linked to Waste Management Problems in the Pune Region”
Mangesh Prabhakar Asawalikar – March 2018 – Page No.: 38-43

A. RATIONALE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1. Introduction

In view of growing complexity of the waste that is generated in India and the dynamic operating environment, as regards increase in population, there is enormous increase in the problems of health related issues due to which the economic development of any nation can come to a grinding halt. Therefore the study of waste management and its problems have become very significant, especially in the areas of finance and business administration. Waste at the apex level may be visualized as a non avoidable ingredient and has become a part and parcel of daily lives. While wastes can take any form ranging from household, industrial, constructional that has been instrumental in causing life threatening diseases, it is vital to attack the same when they are in the nascent stage.

Page(s): 38-43                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 March 2018

 Mangesh Prabhakar Asawalikar
Researcher, Amity Global Business School Pune, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Adetola, F., Edward C. and Orji Sanusi, J. (2009), “Land and Water Pollution”, Journal of Work and Learn, Published by National Open University of Nigeria, ISBN: 978-058-775-6, Pp. 2-6
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[3]. Alam, M.N., Jahan, M.S., Ali, M.K., Ashraf, M.A. and Islam, M.K. (2007); Effect of Vermicompost and Chemical Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Potato in Barind Soils of Bangladesh, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 3(12): 1879-1888.
[4]. Ameyaw, Y., Tachie T. Y. and Raheem K. (2010), “Environmental Pollution in the Winneba Municipality of the Central Region, Ghana”, Research Journal of “Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences”, Publisher: RJPBCS. Journals.Pp. 219-229
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[10]. Bhattacharjee, S.and Gupta, S. (2011), “A Study on waste picker and waste traders of Silchar, Assam, North East India”, International Journal. of Ecology Environment and Conservation, 17 (4), Pp. 755-760.
[11]. Bhattacharyya, J.K., Kumar, S. and Devotta, S. (2008), “Studies on acidification in two phase biomethanation process of municipal solid waste”, Journal of Waste Management, Vol. 28(1), Pp. 164–169,
[12]. Carey, C., Phelan W. and BolandC. (2008), “Organic Waste Management in Apartments”, Environmental Protection Agency, http://www.epa.ie/downloads/ pubs /research/waste/ertdi%20no71_web%20final-with-cover.pdf
[13]. Chakraborty, M. (2010), ‘Waste management in India – the need for a comprehensive and sensible policy”, http://beta.bodhicommons.org/article/waste-management- in-india
[14]. Chaudhari, R.D., Datar, M.T. and Babookani, R. (2011), “Municipal solid waste management through vermicomposting employing exotic species of earthworm eudriluseugeniae” Journal of environmental Science and Engineering, Published by, Europe PubMed Central International archiveCorporation, New Delhi. Vol. 53(1), Pp. 129-134
[15]. Da Zhu, Asnani, P. U., Zurbrügg, C., Anapolsky, S. and Shyamala Mani (2007) “Improving Municipal Solid Waste Management in India, A Sourcebook for Policy Makers and Practitioners”, PUBLISHED BY The World Bank group, Washington, Pp. 1-8,
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[18]. Das, D. (2007), “Willingness to Pay for Solid Waste Management-A Casestudy of Guwahati ICFAI Journal of Urban Policy”, Vol. 2(1), Pp.30.
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[22]. Franckx, L. et al. (Arcadis/Eunomia) (2009).“Assessment of the options to improve the management of bio-waste in the European Union”. Study performed for the European Commission, DG Environment
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Mangesh Prabhakar Asawalikar ““A Study of Commercial Viability of Use of Business Model Linked to Waste Management Problems in the Pune Region”” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 38-43 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/38-43.pdf

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Investigation of Chromium Manganese Stainless Steel using Taguchi Method to Analyse the Mechanical Properties
Eazhil.K.M , Surya.S, Govindaraj.R, Jayakumar.M, Ganeshkumar.P – March 2018 – Page No.: 44-48

This project deals with 304 SS weldment properties on TIG welding. 304 SS contains 18% chromium and 8% nickel which has higher corrosion resistance. The base metal 304 SS is welded using the process parameters such as current, voltage and welding angle, the influence of these parameters on weld zone is studied. Tensile test is carried out to find the strength of weld. Salt spray test is conducted at weld zone to identify the corrosive resistance of material. Since it widely used in Marine applications.

Page(s): 44-48                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 25 March 2018

 Eazhil.K.M
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Surya.S
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Govindaraj.R
Mechanical Department, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Jayakumar.M
Science and Humanities, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Ganeshkumar.P
5Science and Humanities, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Dr.L. Suresh kumar at “Analysis of welding characteristics on stainless steel on TIG”,IJEIT, volume2, Issue 1, July 2012, pg. 283-290.
[2]. Habsah Md Ishak, M. Misbahul Amin and Mohd Nazree Derman, Effect of Temperature on Corrosion Behaviour of AISI 304 Stainless Steel with Magnesium Carbonate Deposit‖ Journal of Physical Science, Vol. 19(2), 137– 141, 2008 137.
[3]. E.M. Anawa., A.G. Olabi, Using Taguchi method to optimize welding pool of dissimilar laser-welded components, Optics& Laser Technology 40 (2008) 379– 388.
[4]. K.M. Eazhil, R. Sudhakaran, M. Jayakumar “Optimization of the process parameter to maximize the tensile strength in 6063 aluminium alloy using Grey based Taguchi method“Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 235-241
[5]. D.J. Lee, K.H. Jung, J.H. Sung, Y.H. Kim, K.H. Lee, J.U. Park, Y.T. Shin and H.W. Lee‖ Pitting corrosion behaviour on crack property in AISI 304L weld metals with varying Cr/Ni equivalent ratio‖ Materials & Design Volume 30, Issue 8, September 2009, Pages 3269-3273.
[6]. Huntz, A.M. Reckmann, A., Haut, C., Severac, C., Herbst, M., Resende, F.C.T. & Sabioni, A.C.S. (2006). Oxidation of AISI 304.
[7]. K. M Eazhil,S. MahendranS Ganesh Kumar, “Optimization of Tungsten Inert Gas Welding on 6063 Aluminium Alloy on Taguchi Method”International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation 1 (III), 2321-2705
[8]. Arc-Zone.com (2009). “Tungsten Selection” (PDF). Carlsbad, California Arc-Zone.com. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
[9]. Miller Electric Mfg. Co (2013). Guidelines for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW). Appleton, Wisconsin: Miller Electric Mfg. Co.

Eazhil.K.M , Surya.S, Govindaraj.R, Jayakumar.M, Ganeshkumar.P “Investigation of Chromium Manganese Stainless Steel using Taguchi Method to Analyse the Mechanical Properties” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 44-48 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/44-48.pdf

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Lattice Based Group Signatures: Achieving Anonymity in Post Quantum World
Jayadev C.O Sekhar, Sangeetha Jose – March 2018 – Page No.: 49-52

Group signature, as the name specifies is a special kind of signature scheme which allows a group of users to sign a message by preserving the constraints of anonymity and traceability. There are a lot of such schemes proposed by using number theoretic concepts. The emergence of quantum computers in the near future is making the existence of number theory based cryptographic constructions under scrutiny. Since lattice based cryptography overcomes the drawbacks of number theory based constructions, the post quantum world is interested in the lattice theory based constructions. This paper discusses about different lattice based group signatures.

Page(s): 49-52                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 March 2018

 Jayadev C.O Sekhar
Dept. of Information Technology, Government Engineering College Idukki, Kerala, India
 Sangeetha Jose
Dept. of Information Technology, Government Engineering College Idukki, Kerala, India

[1] Kim, Seungjoo, Sangjoon Park, and Dongho Won. (1997). Proxy signatures, revisited. International Conference on Information and Communications Security. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
[2] Zhang, Fangguo, and Kwangjo Kim (2002). ID-based blind signature and ring signature from pairings. Advances in cryptology—ASIACRYPT 2002: 629-637.
[3] Yi, Lijang, Guoqiang Bai, and Guozhen Xiao.(2000) Proxy multi-signature scheme: a new type of proxy signature scheme. Electronics Letters 36.6 : 527-528.
[4] Chaum, David, and Eugène Van Heyst(1991).Group signatures. Advances in Cryptology—EUROCRYPT’91. Springer Berlin/Heidelberg.
[5] Bellare, Mihir, Haixia Shi, and Chong Zhang(2005). Foundations of group signatures: The case of dynamic groups. Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
[6] Abdalla, Michel, and Bogdan Warinschi(2004). On the minimal assumptions of group signature schemes. Information and Communications Security: 1-13.
[7] Zhou, Xuanwu (2007). Dynamic group signature with forward security and its application. Grid and Cooperative Computing, GCC 2007. Sixth International Conference on. IEEE.
[8] Micciancio, Daniele, and Oded Regev(2009). Lattice-based cryptography.Post-quantum cryptography. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 147-191.
[9] Regev, Oded(2006). Lattice-based cryptography. CRYPTO. Vol. 4117.
[10] McKenzie, Ralph N., George F. McNulty, and Walter F. Taylor(1987). Algebras, lattices, varieties. Vol. I. The Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole Mathematics Series. Wadsworth & Brooks.
[11] Ajtai, Miklós(1998). The shortest vector problem in L 2 is NP-hard for randomized reductions. Proceedings of the thirtieth annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing. ACM.
[12] Peikert, Chris.(2009) Public-key cryptosystems from the worst-case shortest vector problem. Proceedings of the forty-first annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing. ACM,.
[13] Micciancio, Daniele, and Shafi Goldwasser(2002). Closest vector problem. Complexity of Lattice Problems. Springer US, 45-68.
[14] Gordon, S. Dov, Jonathan Katz, and Vinod Vaikuntanathan(2010). A group signature scheme from lattice assumptions. ASIACRYPT. Vol. 6477..
[15] Regev, Oded(2010) The learning with errors problem. Invited survey in CCC (2010): 15.
[16] Langlois, Adeline, et al.(2014) Lattice-Based Group Signature Scheme with Verifier-Local Revocation. Public Key Cryptography. Vol. 8383.
[17] Libert, Benoît, et al(2016). Signature schemes with efficient protocols and dynamic group signatures from lattice assumptions. Advances in Cryptology–ASIACRYPT 2016: 22nd International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 4-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II 22. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
[18] Ling, San, et al.( 2017). Lattice-Based Group Signatures: Achieving Full Dynamicity with Ease. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2017: 353.

Jayadev C.O Sekhar, Sangeetha Jose “Lattice Based Group Signatures: Achieving Anonymity in Post Quantum World” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 49-52 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/49-52.pdf

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Transmission Line Improvement Using Reconductoring Method
Sanjib Hazarika – March 2018 – Page No.: 53-55

The improvement in power scenario will affect the economic development of a country. So it is necessary to give prior importance in power improvement. India is a large populated country and the electricity supply need of this population creates requirement of large transmission and distribution system. Transmission line is an integrated system consisting of conductor subsystem, ground wire subsystem and one subsystem for each category of support structure. Line losses play an important role in its efficiency. Reduction in its losses will improve the power scenario in India. With this view, this paper describes about the reconductoring method and its affect in power system.

Page(s): 53-55                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 March 2018

 Sanjib Hazarika
Assistant Professor, EE Department, GIMT, Azara, India

[1]. “Minimization of Power Loss in Distribution Networks by Different Technology”.,International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 3, Issue 5, 2012
[2]. P. V. V. Rama Rao and S. Sivanagaraju, “Radial istribution NetworkReconfiguration for Loss Reduction and Load Balancing using Plant Growth Simulation Algorithm”, International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics – Volume 2, Number 4, 2010
[3]. “Electrical energy conservation and auditing in plant electrical distribution systems” by Suresh Kumar, Asst. Professor, Dept .of EE, R.E.C, Calicut
[4]. “An investigation using GIS in network planning in rural Kwazulu- Natal” by J.B. Barnard

Sanjib Hazarika “Transmission Line Improvement Using Reconductoring Method” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 53-55 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/53-55.pdf

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Research Methodology of a Research in Health, Safety and Welfare
Dr. Rajeshwar Wamanrao Hendre – March 2018 – Page No.: 56-68

This research methodology is a part of my Ph.D. research thesis. The topic of the research was “study of HR practices related to Health, Safety and Welfare in the automobile industry situated in the Pimpri-Chinchwad industrial area, Pune, Maharashtra”. This chapter will be useful for the scholars preparing for Ph. D. in management science. This part contains research motivation, rational behind selection of OEMs, Problem statement and Rationale and Significance of the Study. Further it focuses on objectives, hypothesis, limitations and research design. The research design explains in detail Unit of analysis, results of Pilot Survey and modifications in questionnaire, dependent and independent variables used, measurement scale used for response, Likert scale and A Review of Measurement Scales Used in Previous Researches. Validity, Reliability and Practicability, primary and secondary sources of data, determination of sample size, Basis of Stratification, Justification for Purposive Sampling, ways of data collection and their advantages and disadvantages are elaborated in detail. At the end it takes review of data Analysis and justifies statistical tools applied for hypothesis testing.

Page(s): 56-68                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 March 2018

 Dr. Rajeshwar Wamanrao Hendre
(AMIE, MBA, PGDOM, Ph.D., M.Com, PGDAST)
Assistant Professor International Institute of Management Studies, Nere-Dattawadi, Pune, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Planning Commission of India, “Report of the Working Group on Construction for the 11th Year Plan (2007-2012), pp. 22-23
[2]. Bagi Ramesh A., “Safety Control in the construction Industry in India”, Godrej, 2008, p.4 Source: www.jniosh.go.jp/…/Safety_Control_in_the_Construction_ Industry_ In_India. pdf Date: 20/12/2012.
[3]. S.V.S. Raja Prasad, K.P. Raghunath , “Empirical Analysis of Construction Safety Climate – A Study” International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, IJEST, Vol. 2, Issue 6, 2010, pp. 1699-1707.
[4]. Planning Commission of India, ibid, p.54
[5]. www.punediary.com/industries.html date 12/6/2012
[6]. Goudge Peter, “Employee Research” Kogan Page Ltd, London, First edition, 2006, pp.94-95
[7]. Makvandi Afshin, “The Study of Setting up of Industries with Special Reference to Industries located in Bhosari Region of Western Maharashtra”, Ph.D. Thesis No 8970, Jaykar Lib. Pune, 2004, pp. 282-300.
[8]. Battu Naga Raju, “Human Resource Management” 1st edition, Discovery Publishing House, New Delhi, 2004, p. 131
[9]. Dalmer Fisher, “Communication in organization”, Jaico, II nd edition, 1994, p.40
[10]. Maharashtra Times, Monday 12th March 2012, Mr. Praksh Pardeshi,
[11]. Cooper Donald & Schindler Pamela, “Business Research Methods” Tata McGraw-Hill Publishers, New Delhi, 2003, pp. 256-257
[12]. Goudge Peter, ibid, p. 109
[13]. Malhotra Naresh K., “Questionnaire Design and Scale Development” Chapter 5: Georgia Institute of Technology, 1/11/2005, p.109 Source: http://www.terry.uga.edu/ ~rgrover/ chapter_5. pdf Date: 06/08/2012.
[14]. Infosurv, “5 point verses 6 point Likert Scales”, White Paper, Infosurv, Atlanta, 2006, Source: www.infosurv.com Date: 29/11/2010
[15]. Malhotra Naresh K., ibid, p.186
[16]. Brikend Aziri, “Job Satisfaction: A Literature Review”, Management Research and Practice, Vol. 3, Issue 4, 2011, pp. 77-86
[17]. Susan Jamieson, “Likert Scales: How to (ab) use them”, Blackwell Publishing limited, 2004, pp. 1217-1217
[18]. Brown James Dean, “Likert items and scales of measurement?”, Shiken: Jalt Testing & Evaluation SIG Newsletter, March 2011, 15(1) pp. 10-14. Source: http://jalt.org/test/PDF/Brown34.pdf
[19]. Boone Harry N., Boone Deborah A., “Analyzing Likert Data” Journal of Extension, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2012, Source: www.joe.org Date: 13/8/2012.
[20]. Malhotra Naresh K., ibid, p.189
[21]. Chester H. McCall, “An empirical examination of the Likert scale: some assumptions, development, and cautions”, Presented at the 80th Annual CERA Conference, on November 15-16, 2001, pp. 2-4 Source: http://faculty.pepperdine.edu/cmccall /CERAFinal.pdf Date: 06/08/2012.
[22]. Pimentel Jonald L., “A note on the usage of Likert Scaling for research data analysis”, University of Southern Mindanao, R & D Vol. 18 (2): 109-112 (2010), pp. 110-111
[23]. Janicak Cristopher A., “Safety Matrix: Tools and techniques for measuring safety Performance” 2nd edition, Government Institute UK, 2010, pp. 56,89
[24]. Douglas W. Hubbard, “How to measure anything” 2nd edition, John Willy and Sons, New Jersey, 1962, pp. 137,204
[25]. Cooper Donald and Schindler Pamela, ibid, p. 829
[26]. Miller Michael J., “Reliability and Validity” Graduate Research Methods, Western Int. university, 2003, pp.1-3
[27]. Tavakogal Mohsen and Reg Dennick, “Making Sense of Cronbach”s Alpha” International Journal of Medical Education, Vol. 2, 2011, pp. 53-55.
[28]. Yurdugul Halil, “Minimum Sample Size For Cronbach”s Coefficient Alpha: A Monte Carlo Study” H U Journal, Vol. 35, 2008, pp. 397-405
[29]. Cudeck Robert, “Measurement” Journal of consumer Psychology, Vol. 10, No. 1 & 2, 2001, pp. 55-69
[30]. Green S.B., “How Many Subjects does it take to do a Regression Analysis?” Multivariate Behavioural Research, Vol. 26, 1991, pp. 499-510
[31]. Comrey A.L. and Lee H.B., “A First Course in Factor Analysis” IInd edition, Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum, 1992, p. 158.
[32]. Cooper Donald and Schindler Pamela, ibid, p. 190
[33]. Gupta S.P., “Statistical Methods” Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi, 2002, p.81
[34]. Cooper Donald and Schindler Pamela, ibid, pp. 193-195
[35]. Miller Michael J., ibid, pp.1-3
[36]. Cooper Donald and Schindler Pamela, ibid, pp. 200-201
[37]. Kothari C.R., “Research Methodology, Methods & Techniques” New Age International Publications, India, 2004, p. 317, fig 13.1

Dr. Rajeshwar Wamanrao Hendre “Research Methodology of a Research in Health, Safety and Welfare” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 56-68 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/56-68.pdf

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MATLAB Model of Intelligent Electronic Device for Synchronization

Jayesh M. Suryawanshi – March 2018 Page No.: 69-72

Microgrid rarely operates in parallel with the main grid. Microgrid operates in an islanded mode or grid connected mode. When the connection with the grid is required, this referred to as synchronization. The synchronization of generator with grid by using traditional synchronizer is easy method of synchronization, but the synchronization of microgrid with the main grid is very difficult because microgrid operates with multiple Distributed generators that produced power together and critical loads. This paper proposes an Automatic synchronization scheme that provides the smooth synchronization of microgrid with main grid.

Page(s): 69-72                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 March 2018

 Jayesh M. Suryawanshi
Electrical Engineering, Pune University, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Electrical machine, second addition by ashfaq Husain, Dhnapat rai & co.
[2]. M. R. Vallem, D. Jensen, and J. Mitra, “Reliability evaluation and need based storage assessment for surety microgrids,” in proc.NorthAmer.Powersymp., Sep. 2006, pp. 29–33.
[3]. C. Cho, S.-K. Kim, J.-H. Jeon, and S. Kim, “New ideas for a soft synchronizer applied to CHP cogeneration,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 11–21, Jan. 2011.
[4]. Y. Li, D. M. Vilathgamuwa, and P. C. Loh, “Design, analysis, and real-time testing of a controller for multibus micro grid system,” IEEE Trans.Power Electron., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1195–1204, Sep. 2004.
[5]. C.Marnay and G.Venkataramanan,”Optimal technology selection and operation of commercial building microgrids,”IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol.23,no.3,pp.975-982.Aug.2008.
[6]. Changhee Cho ,”Active Synchronizing Control of a Microgrid”IEEETrans.Power electrinics., vol. 26, no.12,Dec. 2011.

Jayesh M. Suryawanshi “MATLAB Model of Intelligent Electronic Device for Synchronization” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.69-72 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/69-72.pdf

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Modeling of Portable CNC Plotter Machine/3D Printer
Tarun Kanti Pal, Dipak Kumar Mandal, Sk. Ebadattulla, Pallab Kumar Basak, Sourav Kumar Bhunia, Anirban Roy, Diptendu Senapati – March 2018 – Page No.: 73-76

This work represent the portable CNC plotter to plot any unexceptionable design by CD/DVD driver that should be easily available to make CNC plotter/3D printer .Computer numerical control (CNC) can be used to describe many types of device like Plotter, 3D printer, Milling machines, Vinyl cutter and others. CNC basically means that the physical movement of the machine that must be controlled by any type of controller (like Arduino UNO). The controller must be conducted by any computing device. This whole plotter/printer system is working based on G-Codes. G-Codes are used to give commends or instructions. Computer numerical control is use in any machine that moves in different direction like X-axis and Y-axis and code will instruct it exactly where to go and Z-axis control the depth. The movement in the direction of X, Y will be manipulated by stepper motor of CD/DVD driver and Z-direction will be control by a 3D Pen conducted with a servo motor.

Page(s): 73-76                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 March 2018

 Tarun Kanti Pal
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Dipak Kumar Mandal
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Sk. Ebadattulla
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Pallab Kumar Basak
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Sourav Kumar Bhunia
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Anirban Roy
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Diptendu Senapati
College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, KTPP Township – 721 171, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

[1]. Kajal J. Madekar1, Kranti R.Nanaware2, Pooja R. Phadtare3,Vikash S. Mane (2016 ), “Automatic mini CNC machine for PCB drawing and drilling” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume: 03; Issue: 02; pp. 1106-1110.
[2]. Pabolu, V.K. and Srinivas, K.N.H (2010), Design and Implementation of a three dimensional CNC Machine, International Journal of Computer Science and Engineering, 2, pp. 2567–2570.
[3]. Sherring da Rocha Jr., P.A., Souza, R.D.S. and Emilia de Lima Tostes, M (2012), Prototype CNC machine design, Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 6, pp. 1884–1890.
[4]. T. Andrei and I. Nae (2010), “Practical Applications Performed by a Stepper Motor CNC Router” Seria Technical, Volume-12, pp. 127-138.
[5]. Godse A.P, Electronic devices and circuits; U.A.Bakshi
[6]. T. Andrei and I. Nae, (2010) “Practical applications Performed by a stepper motor CNC router”, Seria Techical, vol. LXII, pp. 127-138.
[7]. S. Gordon and M. T. Hillery (2005), “Development of a high-speed CNC cutting machine using linear motors,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 166, pp. 321-329.

Tarun Kanti Pal, Dipak Kumar Mandal, Sk. Ebadattulla, Pallab Kumar Basak, Sourav Kumar Bhunia, Anirban Roy, Diptendu Senapati “Modeling of Portable CNC Plotter Machine/3D Printer” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 73-76 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/73-76.pdf

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Clustering Algorithms for High Dimensional Data Literature Review
S. Geetha, K. Thurkai Muthuraj – March 2018 – Page No.: 77-85

In modern world, the complex data sets are growing. Clustering high dimensional data is challenging due to its dimensionality problem and it affects time complexity, space complexity, scalability and accuracy of clustering methods. This review will be more helpful to find clustering algorithms suitable for high dimensional data.

Page(s): 77-85                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 March 2018

 S. Geetha
Department of Computer Applications, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, TamilNadu, India

 K. Thurkai Muthuraj
Tata Consultancy Services

[1]. Jain A, Dubes R, Algorithms for clustering data, Prentice-Hall, Inc, Upper Saddle River, 2011.
[2]. Zhang T, Ramakrishnan R, Linvy M, Birch: an efficient data clustering method for large databases. In Proc. of 1996 ACM-SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Montreal, Quebec, 1996.
[3]. Qinbao Song, Jingjie Ni, Guangtao Wang, A Fast Clustering-Based Feature Subset Selection Algorithm for High-Dimensional Data, IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2013.
[4]. Dongkuan Xu, Yingjie Tian, A Comprehensive Survey of Clustering Algorithms, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2015.
[5]. Ng R, Han J, Clarans: a method for clustering objects for spatial data mining. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 14:1003–1016, 2002.
[6]. Karypis G, Han E, Kumar V, Chameleon: hierarchical clustering using dynamic modelling. Computer 32:68–75, 1999.
[7]. Cao F, Ester M, Qian W, Zhou A, Density-based clustering over an evolving data stream with noise. SDM 6:328–339, 2006.
[8]. Aggarwal C, Yu P, Redefining clustering for high-dimensional applications.IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 14(2):210–225, 2002.
[9]. Zhao Y, Song J, GDILC: A grid-based density-isoline clustering algorithm. In Proceedings of the international conferences on info-tech and info-net, volume 3, pages 140–145. Beijing: IEEE, 2001.
[10]. EverittB, Landau S,Leese M, Cluster Analysis, 4th edition. New York:Oxford University Press, 2001.
[11]. GholamhoseinSheikholeslami, Surojit Chatterjee, Aidong Zhang, Wavecluster:A multi-resolution clustering approach for very large spatial databases. In VLDB’98,pages 428–439, 1998.
[12]. Nagesh H, Goil S and Choudhary A, MAFIA: Efficient and scalable subspace clustering for very large data sets, 1999.
[13]. Chaoqun Ma,GuojunGan,Jianhong Wu, Data Clustering: Theory, Algorithms,and Applications, SIAM, 2007.
[14]. Chun-Hung Cheng, ENCLUS: Entropy-based Subspace Clustering for Mining Numerical Data, 1999.
[15]. Jain A,Murty M N, Flynn P J, Data Clustering: A Review, ACM Computing Surveys, Volume 31(3), pp. 264-323, 2011.
[16]. Guha S, Rastogi R, Shim K, CURE: An efficient clustering algorithm for large databases, Proc. Of ACM SIGMOD Conference, 2012.
[17]. Rui Xu, W. Donald, Survey of Clustering Algorithms, IEEE Transaction on Neural Network, vol. 16, 2009.
[18]. Fraley C, Raftery A, Model-based clustering, discriminant analysis and density estimation. Journal of American Statistical Association, 97, 611–631, 2002.
[19]. Fraley C, Algorithms for model-based Gaussian hierarchical clustering. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing 20, 270–281, 1998.
[20]. Murty, M N, Krishna, G, A computationally efficient technique for data clustering. Pattern Recogn. 12, 153–158, 1980.
[21]. Song Q, Jingjie Ni, Wang G, A Fast Clustering-Based Feature Subset Selection Algorithm for High Dimensional Data, IEEE Transactions On Knowledge and Data Engineering Vol 25 No:1, 2013.

S. Geetha, K. Thurkai Muthuraj “Clustering Algorithms for High Dimensional Data Literature Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 77-85 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/77-85.pdf

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A New Class of Generalized on Generating Functions of Two Variables
L. K. Padhiary – March 2018 – Page No.: 86-91

In this present paper a new class of generalized on generating functions of two variables has been introduced. We introduced generating functions of Polynomials of two variables and established a number of properties of the polynomials of two variables.

Page(s): 86-91                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 March 2018

 L. K. Padhiary
Research Scholar, F. M. University. Balasore, (Odisha) India

[1]. Padhiary L.K. (2013) Thesis for Ph.D submitted to F. M. University Balasore
[2]. Sahoo H.C. (2007) special functions of several variables and their generating function.
[3]. Sharma B. L. (1970) some farmulae for special functions
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[4]. Srivastava, H.M. and Manocha H. L. (1984) A treaties on generating functions Ellis Horwood series john wiley and sons New York 1964
[5]. Bhatachariya M and Ratha J (1989a) Generated functions for new class of orthogonal polynomials. The journal Orissa Math Soc Vol – 8 No. – 2 P.P. 74-81 (1989)
[6]. Bhatachariya M and Ratha J (1994) A generalize of he generating functions of Boas and buck Bull cal Math Soc – Vol 86 P.P. (387-394) 1994

L. K. Padhiary “A New Class of Generalized on Generating Functions of Two Variables” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 86-91 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/86-91.pdf

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Faults Detection and Isolation in Demand Side of Direct Current Microgrid

Vilas Bugade, Ganesh Patil, Pradeep K. Katti – March 2018 Page No.: 92-97

In conventional protection schemes of D.C. grid, the protection only is provided on A.C. side of the link using A.C. circuit breaker where A.C. and DC grids are interconnected, there were no any protection percolated on D.C. side. When fault occurs in D.C. system A.C .breakers sense and isolate whole D.C. link, causing completely de-energizing the D.C. link. Also, the current power electronic devices cannot survive or sustain high magnitude faults. Converters will shut down to protect themselves under faulted conditions. This causes unnecessary outage in the system. Also fault current is not extinguished quickly which is harmful for the converters. The objective of this innovation which presented in this paper is to detect and isolate only faulty section of the system and maintain supply continuity. This avoids the complete shutdown of whole system. Fault current in the isolated section is extinguished quickly through the diodes and resistors. It minimizes damage to the system. So healthy sections are operated without any disturbance and supply continuity is maintained through other buses.

Page(s): 92-97                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 March 2018

 Vilas Bugade
Department of Electrical Engineering, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere (Raigad), Maharashtra, India

 Ganesh Patil
Dr.D.Y.Patil Institute of Technology, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Pradeep K. Katti
Department of Electrical Engineering, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere (Raigad), Maharashtra, India

[1]. R. Dugan, T. McDermott, “Distributed generation,” IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 19-25, Mar./Apr. 2002.
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[3]. Roberto Rudervall, J.P. Charpentier, Raghuveer Sharma “High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC)Transmission Systems Technology Review Paper” Presented at Energy Week 2000, Washington, D.C, USA, March 7-8, 2000.
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[17]. Vilas Bugade, Pradeepkatti“Optimal Power Flow Approach for Cognitive and Reliable Operation of Distributed Generation as Smart Grid” SGRE, Scientific Research Publications, 2017, Vol.8, 87-98.

Vilas Bugade, Ganesh Patil, Pradeep K. Katti “Faults Detection and Isolation in Demand Side of Direct Current Microgrid” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.92-97 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/92-97.pdf

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An Effective Big Data Role of Data Storage and Job Tracking Analysis through the HDFS
S.Janardhan, Rajeshkumar.P, B.Madhu Sudhan Reddy – March 2018 – Page No.: 98-103

Bigdata inspires new ways to transform processes, organizations, entire industries and even society itself. Yet extensive media coverage makes it hard to distinguish hype from reality. Big data is a collection of massive and complex data sets that include the huge quantities of data, social media analytics, data management capabilities, real-time data. Big Data includes e-mail messages, snaps, business deals, surveillance video recordings, posts of social Medias, mobile phone GPS signals and RFID readers, microphones, cameras, sensors and activity logs. That’s why, the data that exceeds the processing capacity of conventional database systems. Big data processing such as Hadoop which uses the map-reduce paradigm. Using MapReduce programming paradigm, the big data is processed. Whatever the label, organizations are starting to understand and explore how to process and analyze a vast array of information in new ways. This paper will explain about HDFS architecture, high volume of data storage and query processing.

Page(s): 98-103                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 March 2018

 S.Janardhan
Student, Master of Computer Applications, SKIIMS, Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh India

 Rajeshkumar.P
Research Scholar, Computer science, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India

 B.Madhu Sudhan Reddy
Asst.Professor, Master of Computer Applications, SKIIMS, Srikalahasti, India

[1]. Sagiroglu, Sinanc, “Big Data: A Review”, 978-1-4673-6404-1/13 IEEE.
[2]. Sabia, Arora, “Technologies to Handle Big Data: A Survey”.
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[6]. D. Garlasu, V. Sandulescu, I. Halcu, G.Neculoiu, “A Big Data implementation based on Grid Computing”, Grid Computing, 17-19 January 2013.
[7]. R.D. Schneider, “Hadoop for Dummies Special Edition”, John Wiley&Sons Canada, 978-1-118-5051-8, 2012.
[8]. Yuri Demchenko, “The Big Data Architecture Framework (BDAF)”, Outcome of the Brainstorming Session at the University of Amsterdam, 17 July 2013.
[9]. Aditya B. Patel, Manashvi Birla, Ushma Nair, “Addressing Big Data Problem Using Hadoop and Map Reduce”, Aug, 2012.
[10]. http://removeandreplace.com/2013/03/13/how-much-data-is-on-the-internet-and-generated-online-every-minute/Query: how much data is on the internet and generated online every minute.
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[12]. http://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r1.2.1/hdfs_design.html (last access 4/11/2014).
[13]. http://www.mssqltips.com/sqlservertip/3222/big-data-basics–part-5–introduction-to-mapreduce/ (last access 29/10/2014).

S.Janardhan, Rajeshkumar.P, B.Madhu Sudhan Reddy “An Effective Big Data Role of Data Storage and Job Tracking Analysis through the HDFS” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 98-103 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/98-103.pdf

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Comparative Study of Slurry Erosion Behaviour on SS304 and SS202 in a Slurry Erosion Test Pot Rig under Different Operating Parameters
S.Surya, K.M.Eazhil, S.Rishikesh, R.Satheesh Raj, R.Venkatesh – March 2018 – Page No.: 104-109

A slurry erosion wear problem occurs generally in transportation of solid liquid mixtures, pumps, hydro turbines, petroleum extraction well. In this project test samples of stainless steel (304) and stainless steel (202) were casted and their slurry erosion behaviours were statically studied by using slurry pot tester machine. Study of slurry erosion is important as it adversely affects the useful life and performance of the equipment handling slurries such as heat exchangers, pumps etc. The main objective of the present study is to find the effect of change in operating parameters on erosion wear of sample subjected to sand-water slurry. The main operating parameters which are examined are molarity and slurry concentration. Experiments are conducted in nine sets with three combinations of particle velocity, slurry concentration and molarity. The erosion of the samples was measured by mass loss of the materials. In this study the design of experiments was considered using Taguchi technique. A comparison has been made for the experimental and Taguchi technique results.

Page(s): 104-109                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 March 2018

 S.Surya
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 K.M.Eazhil
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 S.Rishikesh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 R.Satheesh Raj
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 R.Venkatesh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. K. M. Nilkar, A. S. Runwal, N. S. Bhole, P. R. Jagtap, B. D. Nandre“Experimental Study and Analysis of Slurry Erosion Wear of SS304L Materia “e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X.
[2]. S.R. More a, D.V. Bhatt a, J.V. Menghani“Study of the Parametric Performance of Solid Particle Erosion Wear under the Slurry Pot Test Rig “Vol. 39, No. 4 (2017) 471-481, DOI: 10.24874/ti.2017.39.04.06.
[3]. K.M. Eazhil, R. Sudhakaran, M.Jayakumar “Optimization of the process parameter to maximize the tensile strength in 6063 aluminium alloy using Grey based Taguchi method “Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 235-241
[4]. K. M Eazhil, , S. Mahendran S Ganesh Kumar, “Optimization of Tungsten Inert Gas Welding on 6063 Aluminium Alloy on Taguchi Method”International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation 1 (III), 2321-2705.
[5]. Gaurav Kumar, Satish R More, Dhananjay V. Bhatt and Jyoti V Menghani “ Study of Slurry Erosion Wear Behaviour of SS-304 in a Slurry Pot test Rig under different operating parameters”,SKIT RESEARCH JOURNAL VOLUME 7; ISSUE 2: 2017.
[6]. J.F. Santa, J.C. Baena, A. Toro “Slurry erosion of thermal spray coatings and stainless steels for hydraulic machinery”

S.Surya, K.M.Eazhil, S.Rishikesh, R.Satheesh Raj, R.Venkatesh “Comparative Study of Slurry Erosion Behaviour on SS304 and SS202 in a Slurry Erosion Test Pot Rig under Different Operating Parameters” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 104-109 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/104-109.pdf

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Controlling Computer System using Eye Movement

Prof. Dhanashree Rajderkar, Shivam Singh, Megha Shelare, Gayatri Akhade, Shambhavi Mase – March 2018 Page No.: 110-112

In this paper, a human computer interface using eye movement is introduced. This eye tracking technique provide hand free access to the handicapped people. In this technique we use eyes instead of input devices. This system tracks the users eye movement with a camera mounted over user’s face and translate them into the movement of mouse cursor on screen and also detect user’s eye staring on icon and translate it into click operation on screen.

Page(s): 110-112                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 March 2018

 Prof. Dhanashree Rajderkar
Assistant Professor, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Shivam Singh
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Megha Shelare
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Gayatri Akhade
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Shambhavi Mase
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

[1] ShrunkhalaSatishWankhede, Ms. S. A. Chhabria, Dr. R. V. Dharaskar, “Controlling Mouse Cursor Using Eye Movement” International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM), 2013.
[2] Ramesh R and Rishikesh M; “Eye Ball Movement to Control Computer Screen”.
[3] Sanjay Gantyala, William Godad,NeelamPhadnis;” Controlling Mouse Events Using Eye Blink”; IJARCCE March 2016.
[4] PrajaktaTangade, ShitalMusale, GauriPasalkar, Miss. Umale M.D., Miss. Awate S.S., “A Review Paper on Mouse Pointer Movement Using Eye Tracking System and Voice Recognition.” International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology Volume 2, Issue 8, 2014.
[5] ArslanQamar Malik, and JehanzebAhmad , “Retina Based Mouse Control (RBMC)” International Journal of Electronics, Circuits and Systems Volume 1 Number 4, 2004.
[6] DhairyaVyas and Hardik N. Mewada, “Retina Based Mouse Control System” IJSRD – International Journal for Scientific Research & Development Vol. 1, Issue 11, 2014.
[7] Craig Hennessey, Jacob Fiset, “Long Range Eye Tracking: Bringing Eye Tracking into the Living Room”, IEEE, 2012.
[8] NAGESH R; “Eye Tracking Computer Control”; IRJET Nov-2015.
[9] Anjith Georg, AurobindaRoutray;” Fast and Accurate Algorithm for Eye Localization for Gaze Tracking in Low Resolution Images”.
[10] SubramanyaAmarnag, Raghunandan S. Kumaran and John N. Gowdy;”Real time eye tracking for human computer interface”; Clemson University.
[11] Andrew T. Duchowski; “Eye Tracking Methodology”;2003.
[12] Kenneth Holmqvist, Marcus Nyström, Richard Andersson,” Eye Tracking: A Comprehensive Guide to Methods”; 2011.
[13] Amr El Maghraby, Mahmoud Abdalla, Othman Enany, Mohamed Y. El ;” Detect and Analyze Face Parts Information using Viola- Jones and Geometric Approaches”;2014;

Prof. Dhanashree Rajderkar, Shivam Singh, Megha Shelare, Gayatri Akhade, Shambhavi Mase “Controlling Computer System using Eye Movement” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.110-112 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/110-112.pdf

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Study of Ethanolic Extract of Parkiabiglandulosa and It’s Isolate Targeting Angiogenesis
Swati Dhande, Prakash Chaudhary, Sneha Agrawal – March 2018 – Page No.: 113-117

Angiogenesis, the sprouting of new blood vessels from pre-existing, vessels is a crucial process for tumor growth and metastasis. It is a physiological process required for wound healing, repair, embryonic development. Immediately after injury, angiogenesis is initiated by multiple molecular signals, including pro-angiogenic factors, angiopoietins, inflammation, cytokine growth factors, and cell-matrix interactions. Imbalance in this factors leads to disease condition like excessive angiogenesis in tumour. Different parts of Parkiabiglandulosa shows activity like anti ulcer, anti inflammatory, anti bacterial, anti fungal. Based on composition of different phytoconstituents like gallic acid, lupeol, campestrol and β-sitosterol plant was selected for the targeting of angiogenesis. β-sitosterol was isolated from crude extract by using different solvents on flash chromatography. In this study anti angiogenic effect was studied at low and high doses of EEPB (ethanolic extract parkiabiglandulosa), its isolate β-sitosterol and standard imatnibmesylate was studied on regenerational and developmental model of zebrafish and their embryos.

Page(s): 113-117                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 March 2018

 Swati Dhande
Department of Pharmacology, BharatiVidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy, Sector-8, C.B.D. Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India

 Prakash Chaudhary
Department of Pharmacology, BharatiVidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy, Sector-8, C.B.D. Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India

 Sneha Agrawal
Department of Pharmacology, BharatiVidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy, Sector-8, C.B.D. Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India

[1]. Liekens, S.; Clercq, E. D.; Neyts, J. Angiogenesis: regulators and clinical applications. BiochemPharmacol. 2001, 61, 253-270
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[4]. Ramchandran, R.; Dhanabal, M.; Volk, R.; et al. Antiangiogenic activity of restin, NC10 domain of human collagen XV: comparison to endostatin. BiochemBiophys Res Commun. 1999, 255(3), 735–739.
[5]. Colorado, P. C.; Torre, A.; Kamphaus, G.; et al. Anti-angiogenic cues from vascular basement membrane collagen. Cancer Res. 2000, 60(9), 2520–2526.
[6]. Kamphaus, G. D.; Colorado, P. C.; Panka, D. J.; et al. Canstatin, a novel matrix-derived inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth. J Biol Chem. 2000, 275(2), 1209–1215
[7]. L. D. Jensen et al., Animal Models of Angiogenesis and Lymphangiogenesis, Biomedical Science, Engineering and Technology, 20, January, 2012
[8]. Shailajan, S.; Sayed, N.; Tiwari, B.; Chandra, N. Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Leaves of Parkiabiglandulosa Weight &Arn: An Important Ethnomedicinal Plant. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research. 2013, 5(2), 84-91.
[9]. Woyengo, T. A.; Ramprasath, V. R.; Jones, P. J. H. Anticancer Effects of Phytosterols. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2009, 63(7), 813-820.
[10]. Rathinasamy, V. S.; Paneerselvan, N.; Raghunathan, M. Effect of Genistein on Regenerative Angiogenesis Using Zebrafish as Model Organism. Biomed. Prev. Nutr.2014, 4(4), 469-474.
[11]. Bakkiyanathan, A.; Nathan, J. R.; Ravikumar, S.; Gopalakrishnan, T. S.; Aruldas, F. M. M.;Malathi, R. Anti-Angiogenic Effects of Theophylline on Developing Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Embryos. Biomed. Prev. Nutr. 2012, 2 (3), 174–178.
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[20]. Sagayaraj, V.; and Malathi, R. Impact of hypoxia induced VEGF and its signaling during caudal fin regeneration in zebrafish fin 2011, 1-27

Swati Dhande, Prakash Chaudhary, Sneha Agrawal “Study of Ethanolic Extract of Parkiabiglandulosa and It’s Isolate Targeting Angiogenesis” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 113-117 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/113-117.pdf

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Semi Automatic MV Coil Taping Machine
Aniket Raut, Dhanashri Kuduk – March 2018 – Page No.: 118-119

The semi-automatic MV coil taping tool machine is a machine which is used in taping MV coil used in MV motors. In the past, the whole process was done manually with hands by workers, which led to inconsistency and inaccuracy. Semi-Automatic Coil Taping Machines eliminate the inconsistency and inaccuracy that results while doing manually. Semi-Automatic taping tool machine is cost efficient and gives quality insulation also it requires less man power with no skilled worker required. In this automatic coil taping machine the taping head is weightlessly suspended from an overhead track way, and provides a fast; accurate and consistent method of operator guided mechanized tape application with virtually no preparation or very less set up time being required.

Page(s): 118-119                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 March 2018

 Aniket Raut
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering

 Dhanashri Kuduk
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering

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[7]. https://www3.panasonic.biz/ac/ae/search_num/index.jsp?c=detail&part_no=AFP85141
[8]. https://www.siemens.com/in/en/home.html

Aniket Raut, Dhanashri Kuduk “Semi Automatic MV Coil Taping Machine” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 118-119 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/118-119.pdf

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Image Analysis for the Assessment of Retinal Vascular Changes

Sukumar Fulzele – March 2018 Page No.: 120-123

The development of an automatic telemedicine system for computer-aided screening and grading of diabetic retinopathy depends on reliable detection of retinal lesions in fundus images. The main contribution is a new set of texture features called Gabor features that do not require precise segmentation of the regions to be classified. These features represent the evolution of the textures during image flooding and allow to discriminate between lesions and vessel segments. Among several retinal vascular signs, Arteriolar-to-Venular Ratio (AVR) is a well known health biomarker and there is a strong need to develop an automated system for an accurate and reproducible estimation of AVR which requires different image analysis tools. Automatic and accurate blood vessel segmentation system could provide several useful features for diagnosis of various retinal diseases, and reduce the doctor’s workload.We list publicly available databases and appropriate measurement techniques to compare quantitatively the performance of these approaches. Furthermore, we discuss on how the performance of image processing-based systems can be improved by fusing the output of individual detector algorithms. This paper presents a new supervised method for segmentation of blood vessels in retinal photographs. This method uses an ensemble system of bagged and boosted decision trees and utilizes a feature vector based on the orientation analysis of gradient vector field, morphological transformation, line strength measures, and Gabor filter responses. In this paper, we have presented an effective retinal vessel segmentation technique based on supervised classification using an ensemble classifier of boosted and bagged decision trees.

Page(s): 120-123                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 March 2018

 Sukumar Fulzele
ME (VLSI and Embedded System)
G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management Wagholi, Pune-412207, India

[1] K. Kotliar, E. Nagel, W. Vilser, S.-F. Seidova, and I. Lanzl, “Microstruc-tural alterations of retinal arterial blood column along the vessel axis in systemic hypertension,” Investigative Ophthalmol. Visual Sci., vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 2165–2172, 2010.
[2] A. Kochkorov, K. Gugleta, C. Zawinka, R. Katamay, J. Flammer, and S. Orgul, “Short-term retinal vessel diameter variability in relation to the history of cold extremities,” Investigative Ophthalmol. Visual Sci., vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 4026–4033, 2006.
[3] E. Nagel, W. Vilser, and I. Lanzl, “Age, blood pressure, and vessel diameter as factors influencing the arterial retinal flicker response,” Investigative Ophthalmol. Visual Sci., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 1486–1492, 2004.
[4] S. Roychowdhury, D. D. Koozekanani, and K. K. Parhi, “Screening fundus images for diabetic retinopathy,” in Proc. Conf. Record 46th Asilomar Conf. Signals, Syst. Comput., 2012, pp. 1641–1645.
[5] S. Roychowdhury, D. Koozekanani, and K. Parhi, “Dream: Diabetic retinopathy analysis using machine learning,” IEEE J. Biomed. Health Informat. , no. 99, Dec. 2013, doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2013.2294635.
[6] R. Perfetti, E. Ricci, D. Casali, and G. Costantini, “Cellular neural net-works with virtual template expansion for retinal vessel segmentation,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II: Exp. Briefs, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 141–145, Feb. 2007.
[7] M. Fraz, P. Remagnino, A. Hoppe, B. Uyyanonvara, A. Rudnicka, C. Owen, and S. Barman, “An ensemble classification-based approach applied to retinal blood vessel segmentation,”IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. , vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 2538–2548, Sep. 2012.
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[14] K.A.Vermeer,F.M.Vos,H.G.Lemij,andA.M.Vossepoel,“Amodel based method for retinal blood vessel detection,” Comput. Biol. Med., vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 209–219, 2004.
[15] B. Lam, and H. Yan, “A novel vessel segmentation algorithm for patholog-ical retina images based on the divergence of vector fields,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 237–246, Feb. 2008.
[16] M. D. Abrmoff, M. K. Garvin, and M. Sonka, “Retinal imaging and image analysis,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. , vol. 3, pp. 169–208, Jan. 2010.
[17] CDC, (2011, Mar.). Diabetic retinopathy. Atlanta, GA: National for chronic disease prevention and health promotion [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/pdf/factsheet.pdf
[18] H. M. Pakter, S. C. Fuchs, M. K. Maestri, L. B. Moreira, L. M. Dei Ricardi, V. F. Pamplona, M. M. Oliveira, and F. D. Fuchs, “Computer-assisted methods to evaluate retinal vascular caliber: What are they measuring?” Investigative Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. , vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 810–815, 2011

Sukumar Fulzele “Image Analysis for the Assessment of Retinal Vascular Changes” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.120-123 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/120-123.pdf

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Recurrent Neural Network and its Various Architecture Types
Trupti Katte – March 2018 – Page No.: 124-129

Recurrent neural network are network with dynamic capabilities to generate and process temporal information. Recurrent neural network are network can deep learn the input with its various architecture and identify outputs. LSTM network model was the first RNN with greatest achievement in pattern recognition contest in 2014. RNN can be used in its various architecture forms depending on the needs. Here we provide brief summary of various RNN networks up to now with Why? How? When? to use this network. Different architecture showed that recurrent neural network is mostly network with feed -forward and if want to store some information fed-back.

Page(s): 124-129                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 April 2018

 Trupti Katte
Assistant Professor, Computer Engineering Department, Army Institute of Technology, Pune, Maharashtra, India

[1] Sak, Hasim; Senior, Andrew; Beaufays, Francoise (2014). “Long Short-Term Memory recurrent neural network architectures for large scale acoustic modeling” (PDF).
[2] Griewank, Andreas; Walther, Andrea (2008). Evaluating Derivatives: Principles and Techniques of Algorithmic Differentiation (Second ed.). SIAM.
[3] Ramya, C; Kavitha, G., and Shreedhara, K.S., Recalling of Images using Hopfield Neural Network Model, National Conference on Computers, Communication and Controls-2011.
[4] Cruse, Holk; Neural Networks as Cybernetic Systems, 2nd and revised edition.
[5] Jaeger, Herbert; Haas, Harald (2004-04-02). “Harnessing Nonlinearity: Predicting Chaotic Systems and Saving Energy in Wireless Communication”. Science.
[6] Schmidhuber, Jürgen (1992). “Learning complex, extended sequences using the principle of history compression”. Neural Computation. 4 (2): 234–242.
[7] Gers, Felix; Schraudolph, Nicol N.; Schmidhuber, Jürgen. “Learning Precise Timing with LSTM Recurrent Networks “.ResearchGate. pp. 115–143.
[8] Cho, Kyunghyun; van Merrienboer, Bart; Gulcehre, Caglar; Bahdanau, Dzmitry; Bougares, Fethi; Schwenk, Holger; Bengio, Yoshua (2014). “Learning Phrase Representations using RNN Encoder-Decoder for Statistical Machine Translation”. arXiv:1406.1078 .
[9] Graves, Alex; Schmidhuber, Jürgen (2005-07-01). “Framewise phoneme classification with bidirectional LSTM and other neural network architectures”. Neural Networks. IJCNN 2005. 18 (5): 602–610.
[10] Harvey, Inman; Husbands, P.; Cliff, D. (1994), “Seeing the light: Artificial evolution, real vision”, 3rd international conference on Simulation of adaptive behavior: from animals to animats 3.
[11] Paine, Rainer W.; Tani, Jun (2005-09-01). “How Hierarchical Control Self-organizes in Artificial Adaptive Systems”. Adaptive Behavior. 13 (3): 211–225.
[12] K. Tutschku”Recurrent Multilayer Perceptrons for Identification and Control: The Road to Applications”. CiteSeerX
[13] Yamashita, Yuichi; Tani, Jun (2008-11-07). “Emergence of Functional Hierarchy in a Multiple Timescale Neural Network Model: A Humanoid Robot Experiment”. PLOS Computational Biology. 4
[14] Graves, Alex; Wayne, Greg; Danihelka, Ivo (2014). “Neural Turing Machines”. arXiv:1410.5401
[15] Graves, Alex; Wayne, Greg; Reynolds, Malcolm; Harley, Tim; Danihelka, Ivo; Grabska-Barwińska, Agnieszka; Colmenarejo, Sergio Gómez; Grefenstette, Edward; Ramalho, Tiago (2016-10-12). “Hybrid computing using a neural network with dynamic external memory”. Nature. 538: 471–476.
[16] Trupti Katte , “Multiple Techniques for Raga Identification in Indian Classical Music”, In proc. Of Vol.4, Issue 6, NCRTCST-2013.
[17] Trupti Katte, BhavanaTiple, “Raga Identification By Pakad Matching In North Indian Classical Music”, In proc (IJCET), Vol.4, Issue 6, pp161-166, Nov. Dec. 2013.
[18] Trupti Katte, BhavanaTiple, “Techniques for Indian classical Raga identification- A Survey” In Proc. IEEE Pune,Dec. 2014. India

Trupti Katte “Recurrent Neural Network and its Various Architecture Types” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 124-129 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/124-129.pdf

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Human Arm Simulation Using Kinect
Nikunj Agarwal, Priya Bajaj, Jayesh Pal, Piyush Kushwaha – March 2018 – Page No.: 130-134

In this presented work, a mechanical arm system is implemented which utilizes Kinect gesture recognition as the interface between human and robot arm. The movement of the human arm in 3D space is captured using Kinect, processed using MATLAB and simulated on the mechanical arm using servo motors, controlled by microcontroller.

Page(s): 130-134                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 April 2018

 Nikunj Agarwal
Student, Computer Science & Engineering Department, IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

 Priya Bajaj
Student, Computer Science & Engineering Department, IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

 Jayesh Pal
Student, Computer Science & Engineering Department, IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

 Piyush Kushwaha
Student, Computer Science & Engineering Department, IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

[1]. José Rosado, Filipe Silva, Vítor Santos, “Using Kinect for Robot Gesture Imitation”, Conference on Electronics, Telecommunications and Computers – CETC 2013
[2]. Mohammed A. Hussein, Ahmed S. Ali, F.A. Elmisery, R. Mostafa, “Motion Control of Robot by using Kinect Sensor”, Article in Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology • September 2014 DOI: 10.19026/rjaset.8.1111
[3]. Kun Qian, Jie Niu and Hong Yang, “Developing a Gesture Based Remote Human-Robot Interaction System Using Kinect”, International Journal of Smart Home Vol. 7, No. 4, July, 2013.
[4]. [Rizqa Afthoni, Achmad Rizal and Erwin Susanto , “Proportional Derivative Control Based Robot Arm System Using Microsoft Kinect ”, 2013 International Conference on Robotics, Biomimetics, Intelligent Computational Systems (ROBIONETICS) Yogyakarta, Indonesia, November 25-27, 2013.

Nikunj Agarwal, Priya Bajaj, Jayesh Pal, Piyush Kushwaha “Human Arm Simulation Using Kinect” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 130-134 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/130-134.pdf

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OSA: A Study
Saurabh Shashikant Karande, Priyanka Mohanrao Patil, Aniket Prakash Dhaigude, Rashmi Deshpande – March 2018 – Page No.: 135-137

This publication is a literature survey on OSA Obstructive Sleep Apnea, carried out with help from reputed physicians. The inputs from Polysomnography Centre are also considered in this study. The major points included in this study are the basic information about OSA, its symptoms’, the diagnosis and treatment options available. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway. It is characterized by repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep, despite the effort to breathe, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation.

Page(s): 135-137                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 April 2018

 Saurabh Shashikant Karande
Third year Students of Instrumentation & Control Engineering Department, D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Priyanka Mohanrao Patil
Third year Students of Instrumentation & Control Engineering Department, D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Aniket Prakash Dhaigude
Third year Students of Instrumentation & Control Engineering Department, D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune, Maharashtra, India

 Rashmi Deshpande
Assistant Professor, Instrumentation & Control Engineering Department, D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Young T, Peppard PE,Gottlied DJ. Epidemiology of Obstructive sleep apnea: a population health perspective. Am J RespirCrit Care Med. 2002; 165:1217-39.
[2]. Sleep Apnea in Patients Hospitalized with Acute Ischemic Stroke: Under recognition and Associated Clinical Outcomes. 75-80.Nura Festic, MD; David Alejos, MD; Vikas Bansal, MBBS, MPH; Lesia Mooney, MSN; Paul A. Fredrickson, MD; Pablo R. Castillo, MD; Emir Festic, MD, MS
[3]. “Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (780.53-0)”. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (PDF). Westchester, Illinois: American Academy of Sleep Medicine. 2001. pp. 52–8. Retrieved 2010-09-11.
[4]. Barnes L (editor) (2009). Surgical pathology of the head and neck (3rd ed.). New York: Informa healthcare. ISBN 9781420091632. : 226
[5]. Gale SD, Hopkins RO (2004). “Effects of hypoxia on the brain: neuroimaging and neuropsychological findings following carbon monoxide poisoning and obstructive sleep apnea”. J Int Neuropsychology Soc. 10 (1): 60–
[6]. we went to AASHRYA Clinic for studying Polysomnography machine CPAP machine BIPAP and AUTOCPAP machine in the clinic
[7]. We visited various doctors for the survey, survey helped us a lot

Saurabh Shashikant Karande, Priyanka Mohanrao Patil, Aniket Prakash Dhaigude, Rashmi Deshpande “OSA: A Study” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 135-137 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/135-137.pdf

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Secure Social Network
Prof. Minakshee Chandankhede, Priya Madke, Amrapali Fusate, Rizwan Farah, Chetna Sonik, Anand Gurve – March 2018 – Page No.: 138-141

In our paper, we had introduced authentication service by using aadhaar details dataset. Unlike other social networking sites, here only 18+ users are allowed to make account on this site. If details not matched with the admin’s dataset then the admin will not verify the account and denied the registration process. Abusive words are not allowed to post by using preprocessing technique. No image of others get posted without permission.

Page(s): 138-141                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 April 2018

 Prof. Minakshee Chandankhede
Assistant Professor, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Priya Madke
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Amrapali Fusate
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Rizwan Farah
Business Analyst, Axiom Techguru Pvt. Ltd., Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Chetna Sonik
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Anand Gurve
Student, CSE, GHRAET, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

[1]. M Chi, (2011), “Security Policy and Social Media Use” SANS Institute Info Sec Reading Room, [Online], Available: https://www.sans.org/readingroom/whitepapers/pvide vide one user one olicyissues/reducing-risks-social-media- organization-33749 [Accessed: 16 July 2016]
[2]. M Beye, A Jeckmans, Z Erkin, P Hartel, R Lagendijk, Q Tang, (2010) “Literature Overview- Privacy in Online Social Networks”, University of Twente, Publication [Online], Available: http://doc.utwente.nl/74094/1/literaturereview.pdf [Accessed: 20 July 2016]
[3]. S Yardi, N Feamster1, A Bruckman, (2008), “Photo-Based Authentication Using Social Networks”, ACM Sigcomm Workshop on Online Social Networks [Online], Available: http://yardi.people.si.umich.edu/pubs/Yardi_AuthenticatingSocial Network08.pdf. [Accessed: 17 July 2016]
[4]. Zanero, S, D Keromytis , “ Security and privacy measurements in social networks”. Available: http://nsl.cs.columbia.edu/papers/2014/lessons.badgers14.pdf [Accessed: 25 July 2016]
[5]. D Gunter , Solomon S, “The Danger of Data Exfiltration over Social Media Sites” , Western International University, Available: https://media.blackhat.com/bh-us-12/Briefings/Gunter/BH_US_12_Gunter_Sonya_SNSCat_WP.pdf [Accessed: 19 July 2016]
[6]. L.S.Y. Dehigaspege, U.A.A.S. Hamy, H.A.H. Shehan, S.A. Dissanayake, H.P. Dangalla, W.H.I. Wijewantha and Dhishan Dhammearatchi “Secure Authentication: Defending Social Networks from Cyber Attacks Using Voice Recognition” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 6, Issue 10, October 2016 120 ISSN 2250-3153 www.ijsrp.org

Prof. Minakshee Chandankhede, Priya Madke, Amrapali Fusate, Rizwan Farah, Chetna Sonik, Anand Gurve “Secure Social Network” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 138-141 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/138-141.pdf

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2-Key Based Substitution Encryption Model for Cloud Data Storage
Akhilesh Deep Arya, Gaurav Kumar Ameta – March 2018 – Page No.: 142-147

In cryptography, encryption is the process of obscuring information to make it unreadable without special knowledge. This is usually done for secrecy, and typically for confidential communications.

A cryptosystem consists of five parts

• A set P of plain texts
• A set C of cipher texts
• A set K of keys
• A pair of functions
Encrypt: K X P -> C
Decrypt: K X C -> P
Such that for every key k ∈ K and plaintext p ϵ P
Decrypt (k, encrypt (k, p)) = p

[1] In the paper “Substitution Based Encryption Model for Cloud Data Storage” an attempt has been made to generate an algorithm which provides security to data transmitted over internet. The algorithm considers a random matrix key and a ternary vector which on execution by a series of steps generates a sequence. This sequence is used as a sub key to build encryption model.

In this paper some enhancement to “Substitution Based Encryption Model for Cloud Data Storage” by Arya A. and Ameta G. is proposed; in particular proposed model uses double key instead of single key. Further a study on analysis of both the algorithm is presented.

Page(s): 142-147                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 April 2018

 Akhilesh Deep Arya
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Pacific Institute of Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

 Gaurav Kumar Ameta
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Pacific Institute of Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

[1]. Arya A, “Substitution Based Encryption Model for Cloud Data Storage” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI), Volume IV and Issue XII, Dec, 2017
[2]. PanditS.N.N, “A New Matrix Calculus”, Journal of Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp. 632-639, Dec., 1961.
[3]. Suter, B.W.; Honeywell, Inc. “The Modular Arithmetic of Arbitrarily Long Sequences of Digits”, IEEE Transactions on Computer, Volume: C-23, Issue: 12, pp.1301-1303, Dec. 1974.
[4]. Akanksha Shukla: “Algorithm for generating sub-keys/basins from a New Substitution Block Cipher Algorithm” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 03 Issue: 11 | Nov -2016
[5]. Omran, S.S.; Al-Khalid, A.S.; Al-Saady, D.M. “A cryptanalytic attack on Vigenere cipher using genetic algorithm”, IEEE Conference on Open Systems (ICOS), pp. 59-64, Sep. 2011
[6]. Omran, S.S.; Al-Khalid, A.S.; Al-Saady, D.M. “Using Genetic Algorithm to Break a Mono-Alphabetic Substitution Cipher”, IEEE Conference on Open Systems (ICOS), pp. 63-67, Dec. 2010
[7]. Ayesh A., Bechkoum K., “Framework of Multi-agents internet security system”. Appl Inform, Nov. 1999
[8]. Balakrishnan.S, Saranya.G, Shobana.S&Karthikeyan.S, “Introducing Effective Third Party Auditing (TPA) for Data Storage Security in Cloud”, International Journal of Computer Science and Technology IJCSTVol.2, Issue 2, 2011.
[9]. Craig Gentry, Dan Boneh, “Aggregate and verifiably encrypted signatures form bilinear maps”, 2004.
[10]. Q. Wang, C. Wang, J. Li, K. Ren, W. Lou, “Enabling public verifiability and data dynamics for storage security in cloud computing”, in Proc. of ESORICS’09, Saint Malo, 2009.
[11]. M. A. Shah, R. Swaminathan, M. Baker, “Privacy preserving audit and extraction of digital contents”, Cryptology ePrint Archive, 2008.
[12]. SriramRamanujam, MarimuthuKaruppiah, “Designing an Algorithm with high Avalanche Effect”, IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, Volume: 11 No.1, pp. 106-111, January 2011
[13]. Sherif el-etriby, EmanM.Mohamed and Hatem S. Abdelkader published “Modern Encryption Techniques for Cloud Computing Randomness and Performance Testing” Third International Conference on Communications and Information Technology ICCIT 2012
[14]. Andrew Rukhin, Juan Soto, James Nechvatal, Miles Smid, “A Statistical Test Suite for Random and Pseudorandom Number Generators for Cryptographic Applications”, 2010.
[15]. Carolynn Burwick C, Don Coppersmith, “The MARS Encryption Algorithm”
[16]. Daemen, J., and Rijmen, V. “Rijndael:The Advanced Encryption Standard”, Dr. Dobb’s Journal, Vol.26, No.3, pp.137-139, March 2001.

Akhilesh Deep Arya, Gaurav Kumar Ameta “2-Key Based Substitution Encryption Model for Cloud Data Storage” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 142-147 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/142-147.pdf

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Loss of Excitation (LOE) Protection of Generator by R-X Schemes
Vishal J.Patel, Nilaykumar A.Patel – March 2018 – Page No.: 148-153

Generator is the most important equipment of our power system. when the generator fault occurs the effected entire in power system. So the generator protection is needed in power system protection. When the generator LOE loss of excitation field fails then the generator speed also increase and generator works on induction generator and instead of delivering reactive power it absorb the reactive power from the system. so the generator protection is needed in power system. Different protection will be used in generator protection. In this paper focus on RX scheme for generator excitation protection

Page(s): 148-153                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 April 2018

 Vishal J.Patel
M&V Patel Department of Electrical Engineering, Charusat University of Science & Technology, Nadiad Petlad Highway 139,Changa, Gujarat, India

 Nilaykumar A.Patel
M&V Patel Department of Electrical Engineering, Charusat University of Science & Technology, Nadiad Petlad Highway 139,Changa, Gujarat, India

[1]. Akshitsinh J. Raulji , Ajay M. Patel, “Loss of Excitation protection of generator in R-X Scheme” International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology (IJLRET) ISSN: 2454-5031, Volume 03 – Issue 02, February 2017, PP. 37-42
[2]. W. Wang, Principle and Application of. Electric Power Equipment Protection, China Electric. Power Press, 2002.
[3]. IEEE Guide for AC Generator Protection, IEEE Std C37.102™, 2006.
[4]. H.J. Herrmann and D. Gao, “Under excitation Protection based on Admittance Measurement-Excellent Adaptation on Generator Capability Curves,” presented at 1st Int. Conf. Hydropower Technology & Key Equipment, Beijing, China, 2006.
[5]. R. Sandoval, A. Guzman and H.J. Altuve, “Dynamic simulations help improve generator protection, ” in Proc. 2007 IEEE Power Systems Conference: Advanced Metering, Protection, Control, Communication, and Distributed Resources, pp. 16-38.
[6]. Basler Generator Protection application Guide, BE1-11g, 2001
[7]. ABB Generator Protection Application Guide, 1MRK 502 003-AEN, 1997.
[8]. ABB Directional time-overcurrent relays and protection assemblies based on single phase elements, 1MRK 509 007-BEN, 1999.
[9]. D. Reiment, Protective Relaying for Power Generation Systems, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2006, pp.321-354 [10]Adriano P. de Morais, GhendyCerdoso, Jr., and L.Mariotto, “An Innovative Loss-of-Excitation protection Based on the Fuzzy Inference Mechanism” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Paper no. TPWRD-00423-2009, March11, 2010

Vishal J.Patel, Nilaykumar A.Patel “Loss of Excitation (LOE) Protection of Generator by R-X Schemes” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 148-153 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/148-153.pdf

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Immediate Effects of Simple Quadriceps Exercises in Osteoarthritis Knee Pain among Overweight Individuals
M. Karthikeyan, R .Lavanya Ashitha, Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar – March 2018 – Page No.: 154-158

BACKGROUND: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to immediate effects of simple quadriceps exercises in osteoarthritis knee pain among overweight individuals.
STUDY DESIGN: Quasi- experimental.
METHODS: This experimental study was conducted on 30 male and female patients (aged above 60 years) s. 30 subjects were divided into 2 groups, the outcome measures, grip strength was measured using handheld dynamometer and hand function using Michigan hand outcome questionnaire.
RESULTS: There is a statistical significance on comparison of pre and post mean values of functional task exercises group on grip strength measurements of both hands( Right p=0.001, Left p=0.000) and 3 components of Michigan hand outcome questionnaire (OAHF: over all hand function(p=0.002), ADL: activity of daily living (p=0.000) and work(p=0.001). The comparison of pre and post mean values of resistance exercises group also shows statistically significant effect on grip strength measurements of both hands ( Right p=0.000, Left p=0.000) and 4 components of Michigan hand outcome measure questionnaire (OAHF: over all hand function(p=0.001), ADL: activity of daily living(p=0.002) ,work(p=0.005) and satisfaction (p=0.005). But there is no statistical significance on comparing the post test mean values of hand grip strength and Michigan Hand Outcome measure Questionnaire between both the functional task exercises (Group A) and resistance exercises (Group B).
CONCLUSION: There is no statistically significant difference between functional task exercises and resistance exercises in improving the grip strength and hand function in elderly population

Page(s): 154-158                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 April 2018

 M. Karthikeyan
Assistant Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur-603202,
Tamil Nadu, India

 R .Lavanya Ashitha
Student, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur-603202, Tamil Nadu, India

 Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar
Dean, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur-603202, Tamil Nadu, India

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M. Karthikeyan, R .Lavanya Ashitha, Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar “Immediate Effects of Simple Quadriceps Exercises in Osteoarthritis Knee Pain among Overweight Individuals” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 154-158 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/154-158.pdf

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“Optimization of Surface Roughness in Turning of Hardened AISI D2 Steel”
Prof. Sande A. N. – March 2018 – Page No.: 159-164

Hard turning is a developing technology that offers many potential benefits compared to grinding, which remains the standard finishing process for critical hardened surfaces. To increase the implementation of this technology, questions about the ability of this process to produce surfaces that meet surface finish and integrity requirements must be answered. Additionally, the economics of the process must be justified, which requires a better understanding of tool wear patterns, life predictions, cause and effects of defects, also to formulate effective measures to counter the same.
AISI D2 (high carbon high chromium) is one of the most difficult material to machine because of their high hardness, affinity to react with tool materials. Because of its excellent mechanical properties and high wear resistance, it plays an important role in recent years in blanking, moulding, forming, thread rolling and drawing dies, shear blades, gauges and burnishing rolls. In order to perform the turning operation a ceramic insert tool is used

Page(s): 159-164                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2018

 Prof. Sande A. N.
Mechanical Department, PVPIT, Bavdhan, SPP University, India

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Prof. Sande A. N. ““Optimization of Surface Roughness in Turning of Hardened AISI D2 Steel”” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 159-164 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/159-164.pdf

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Design and Analysis of a Centrifugal Separator for the Separation of Pith from Bagasse
Prachi Sawant, Sayali Thombare, Priyanka Shingate, Siddhi Shirode, Prof A.K. Pathak – March 2018 – Page No.: 165-170

Among the by-products that we get from sugarcane, bagasse is the most relevant and important. As the natural resources are being depleted, use of bagasse as an alternative resource is being encouraged. The pith from the useful fibrous material of sugarcane is separated by various means viz. dry depithing, wet depithing and chemical depithing. The use of chemicals for pith separation is expensive so mechanical ways are used for pith separation. The purpose of the project is to reduce the pith content and separate it from the useful fibre at a faster rate. The design and calculations of the centrifugal separator for pith separation are explained in the paper.

Page(s): 165-170                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2018

 Prachi Sawant
Department of Mechanical, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune-44, Maharashtra, India
 Sayali Thombare
Department of Mechanical, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune-44, Maharashtra, India

 Priyanka Shingate
Department of Mechanical, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune-44, Maharashtra, India

 Siddhi Shirode
Department of Mechanical, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune-44, Maharashtra, India

 Prof A.K. Pathak
Department of Mechanical, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune-44, Maharashtra, India

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Prachi Sawant, Sayali Thombare, Priyanka Shingate, Siddhi Shirode, Prof A.K. Pathak “Design and Analysis of a Centrifugal Separator for the Separation of Pith from Bagasse” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 165-170 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/165-170.pdf

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Effect of Progressive Resistance Exercise in Improving Muscle Power, Range of Motion and Balance in Female Elders in Rural Community

Kamalanathan.P, K. Elangovan, Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar – March 2018 Page No.: 171-176

BACKGROUND: Falls in the elderly females living in rural community leads to more Mortality and morbidity in recent years. Exercises are important to minimize disability and to prevent falls in elderly. The primary mechanism responsible for most of these structural changes is a decrease in muscle power, cardio vascular changes and reduction in the number of neurons., Exercise is a medicine to prevent and minimize the above Physiological changes.
OBJECTIVE: To find out the effect of exercises in improving range of motion, Muscle power and balance in female elders in rural community.
METHODS: Quasi Experimental design, pre – post study type with 30 samples at Rural study Setting.
RESULTS: progressive resisted exercises improved range of motion, Muscle power and balance in female elders Significantly (P<0.005). Conclusion: Hence we concluded that the above study progressive resistance exercise gives a significant improvement in muscle power, range of motion and balance in hip knee and ankle for female elders.

Page(s): 171-176                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2018

 Kamalanathan.P
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 K. Elangovan
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

 Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar
Associate Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

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Kamalanathan.P, K. Elangovan, Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar “Effect of Progressive Resistance Exercise in Improving Muscle Power, Range of Motion and Balance in Female Elders in Rural Community” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.171-176 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/171-176.pdf

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The Role of Predictive Big Data Analysis of Airline Data Report by using Hive
Ankaiah.G, Rajeshkumar.P, Munihemakumar – March 2018 – Page No.: 177-182

The analysis of the airline data set is performed using Cloudera which runs Hadoop in the cloud. Hive and Hive QL statements have been used for querying the data. Data visualization has been done by extracting the output of the HIVE query in excel and plotting the data using line and scatter plot charts. The visualization of the data shows some patterns that exist between flight diversions and flight distance, flight cancellation and flight distance and so forth. The U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) tracks the on-time performance of domestic flights operated by large air carriers. Summary information on the number of on-time, delayed, canceled, and diverted flights appear in DOT’s monthly Air Travel Consumer Report, published about 30 days after the month’s end, as well as in summary tables posted on this website. Summary statistics and raw data are made available to the public at the time the Air Travel Consumer Report is released.

Page(s): 177-182                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2018

 Ankaiah.G
Student, Master of Computer Applications, SKIIMS, Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh India

 Rajeshkumar.P
Research Scholar, Computer science, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India

 Munihemakumar
Asst. Professor Master of Computer Applications, SKIIMS, Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh India

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[9]. Introduction to Hadoop in HDInsight: Big data analysis and processing in the cloud, https://azure.microsoft.com/en -us/documentation/articles/hdinsight hadoop -Introduction/.
[10]. An Introduction to Win dows Azure BLOB Storage, https://www.simple- talk.com/cloud/cloud – data/an – introduction – to – windows – azure – blob – storage
[11]. Explorer for Microsoft Azure Storage: Freeware Client,http://www.cloudberrylab.com/free -microsoft-azure – explorer.aspx
[12]. Upload data for Hadoop jobs in HDInsight, https://azure.microsoft.com/en- us/documentation/articles/hdinsight – upload – data/
[13]. “Market Basket Analysis Algorithms with MapReduce”, Jongwook Woo, DMKD 00150, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews Data Mining and Knowledge Dis covery, Oct 28 2013, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp445 – 452, ISSN 1942 – 4795
[14]. What is Hive? http://www – 01.ibm.com/software/data/infosphere/hadoop/hive/.
[15]. C.J. Date, the Relational Database Dictionary, O’Reilly Media, 2006, ISBN 978-0-596-52798-3.http://hive.apache.org/ApacheHiv
[16]. https://cwiki.apache.org/Hive/
[17]. JDK 1.6 java.util.regex.Pattern http://docs.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/util/regex/Pattern.htm

Ankaiah.G, Rajeshkumar.P, Munihemakumar “The Role of Predictive Big Data Analysis of Airline Data Report by using Hive” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 177-182 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/177-182.pdf

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Thickness Reduction in Flexible Pavement Using Cement Treated Base and Sub-Base
Udhara Ashani Dewalegama, Shivani Sharma, S. N. Sachdeva – March 2018 – Page No.: 183-186

This paper mainly discusses the thickness reduction ina flexible pavement with cement treated base and sub-base layers.The designed road has a 7×2 m dual carriageway, assumed to be located in Kurukshetra, Haryana. The road pavement is first designed for conventional granular layers in sub-base and base of the road and then for cement treated sub-base and base using IRC recommendation given in IRC 37: 2012. The pavement is designed for both the cases for varying values of effective CBR from 3% to 15% and for various values of design traffic varying for 2 msa to 150 msa. The paper brings forth the suitability of flexible pavement with cement treated sub-base and base vis a vis the conventional flexible pavement.

Page(s): 183-186                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2018

 Udhara Ashani Dewalegama
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

 Shivani Sharma
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

 S. N. Sachdeva
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

[1]. IRC: 37 -2012, Tentative Guidelines for the design of Flexible Pavements, IRC, New Delhi
[2]. Dr. L. R. Kadiyali, (2016) Transportation Engineering: Khanna Publishers
[3]. S. P. Chandola, (2016) A Textbook of Transportation Engineering: S Chand Publisher
[4]. Khanna & Jasto, (2014) Highway Engineering: Nem Chand & Brothers

Udhara Ashani Dewalegama, Shivani Sharma, S. N. Sachdeva “Thickness Reduction in Flexible Pavement Using Cement Treated Base and Sub-Base” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 183-186 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/183-186.pdf

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Preliminary Study on Geopolymer Concrete using Copper Slag and Vermiculite
Burri Yakshareddy, J. Guru Jawahar, C. Sreenivasulu, C. Sashidhar – March 2018 – Page No.: 187-190

Geopolymer concrete (GPC) is becoming a sustainable concrete when comparing to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete. This investigation is mainly focused on the preliminary study on fly ash (FA) and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) based GPC using copper slag (CS) and vermiculite (VM) as fine aggregate replacement at different levels (0%, 20% and 40%). The compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) values of GPC mixes (FA50-GGBS50) were determined after 7 and 28 days of ambient room temperature curing. In this study, sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution is used as alkaline activator. Test results revealed that the increased replacement level of copper slag increased the GPC properties. Whereas, the increased replacement level of vermiculite decreased the GPC properties.

Page(s): 187-190                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 07 April 2018

 Burri Yakshareddy
Department of Civil Engineering, Annamacharya Institute of Technology & Sciences, Tirupati, India

 J. Guru Jawahar
Department of Civil Engineering, Annamacharya Institute of Technology & Sciences, Tirupati, India

 C. Sreenivasulu
Department of Civil Engineering, Annamacharya Institute of Technology & Sciences, Tirupati, India

 C. Sashidhar
Department of Civil Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapuram, India

[1]. Davidovits J. Geopolymers: Man-Made Geosynthesis and the Resulting Development of Very Early High Strength Cement, Journal of Materials Education, 16 (1994) 91-139.
[2]. Nath P, Sarker PK. Effect of GGBS on setting, workability and early strength properties of fly ash geopolymer concrete cured in ambient condition, Construction Building Materials, 66 (2014) 163-171.
[3]. Sarker PK, Kelly S, Yao Z. Effect of exposure on cracking, spalling and residual strength of fly ash geopolymer concrete, Materials and Design, 63 (2014) 584-592.
[4]. Deb P, Nath P, Sarker PK. The effects of ground granulated blast-furnace slag blending with fly ash and activator content on the workability and strength properties of geopolymer concrete cured at ambient temperature, Materials and Design, 62 (2014) 32-39.
[5]. Davidovits J. Geopolymers: Inorganic Polymeric New Materials, Journal of Thermal Analysis, 37 (1991) 1633-1656.
[6]. Davidovits J. Global Warming Impact on the Cement andAggregate Industries, World Resource review, 6 (1994) 263-278.
[7]. Palomo SA, Grutzeck MW, Blanco MT. Alkali-activated fly ashes – A cement for the future, Cement and Concrete Research, 29 (1999) 1323-1329.
[8]. Palomo SA, Femandez-Jimenez A. Alkaline activation of fly ashes: NMR study of the reaction products, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 87 (2004) 1141–1145.
[9]. Gourley JT. Geopolymers, opportunities for environmentally friendly construction materials, conference, adaptive materials for a modern society, Sydney, Institute of materials engineering Australia, Nos. (15-26), 49(2003) 1455-61.
[10]. Guru Jawahar J, Mounika G. Strength properties of fly ash and GGBS based geopolymer concrete, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 17(1) (2016) 127-135.
[11]. J. Guru Jawahar, D. Lavanya, C. Sashidhar. Performance of fly ash and GGBS based Geopolymer concrete in acid environment, International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation, 3(8) (2016) 101-104.
[12]. J. Guru Jawahar, A. Bhavana. Acid attack on fly ash and GGBS blended Geopolymer concrete using different fine aggregates, International Journal of Science and Research, 5(8) (2016) 1012-1015.
[13]. P. Venkata Kiran, J. Guru Jawahar, C. Sashidhar and C. Sreenivasulu. Flexural studies on fly ash and GGBS blended reinforced geopolymer concrete beams, International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation, 4(3) (2017) 91-95.
[14]. Sujatha T, Kannapiran K, Nagan S. Strength assessment of heat cured geopolymer concrete slender column, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 13 (2012) 635-646.
[15]. Anuradha R, Sreevidya V, Venkatasubramani R, Rangan BV. Modified Guidelines for Geopolymer Concrete Mix Design Using Indian Standard, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 13 (2012) 353-364.
[16]. Sreenivasulu C, Guru Jawahar J, VijayaSekhar Reddy M, Pavan Kumar D. Effect of Fine Aggregate Blending on Short-Term Mechanical Properties of Geopolymer Concrete, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 17(5) (2016) 537-550.
[17]. Sreenivasulu C, Ramakrishnaiah A, Guru Jawahar J. Mechanical properties of geopolymer concrete using granite slurry as sand replacement, International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology, 8(2) (2015) 83-91.
[18]. Sreenivasulu Chitrala, Guru Jawahar Jadaprolu, Sashidhar Chundupalli. Study and predicting the stress-strain characteristics of geopolymer concrete under compression, Case Studies in Construction Materials, 8 (2018) 172-192.
[19]. Sreenivasulu C, Guru Jawahar J, Sashidhar C. Predicting compressive strength of geopolymer concrete using NDT techniques, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 1 (2) (2018), https://doi.org/10.1007/s42107-018-0036-1
[20]. ASTM C 618:2003. Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use in concrete.
[21]. IS 516 (1991). Methods of tests for strength of concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
[22]. ASTM C 597-02, Standard test methods for pulse velocity through concrete. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, USA, 2002.
[23]. Hardjito, D. and Rangan, B. V. (2005), Development and Properties of Low-Calcium Fly Ash-based Geopolymer Concrete, Research Report GC1, Faculty of Engineering, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, available at espace@curtin or www.geopolymer.org.

Burri Yakshareddy, J. Guru Jawahar, C. Sreenivasulu, C. Sashidhar “Preliminary Study on Geopolymer Concrete using Copper Slag and Vermiculite” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 187-190 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/187-190.pdf

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Comparative Studies on the Growth and Yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) var PLR 2 based on Bioinoculants and Inorganic Fertilizers
D.Ananda Kumar, K.Sivakumar and E.Mariyappan – March 2018 – Page No.: 191-193

To study Comparative studies on the growth and yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) var PLR 2 based on Bioinoculants and inorganic fertilizers. Bioinoculants and inorganic fertilizers to boost the productivity potential of yield of Brinjal. Significant difference in all parameter like plant height, number of leaves, leaf area and number of branches due to combined application of Bioinoculants and inorganic fertilizers. Maximum plant height 96.45 cm were observed in treatment 8 containing urea, super phosphate, Muriate of potash, AM Fungi, Phosphobacteria (Bacillus megaterium) (each 5g/pot). The maximum number of flowers 37 per plant was produced in T8 treatment and the maximum number of fruits 29/plant. The highest fruit weight was 90 g observed in T8 and leaf area fairly gives a good idea of photosynthetic capacity of plant. Significant difference s were noticed with regards to leaf area index among the treatments at all growth stages.

Page(s): 191-193                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 April 2018

 D.Ananda Kumar
Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002, Tamilnadu, India

 K.Sivakumar
Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002, Tamilnadu, India

 E.Mariyappan
Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002, Tamilnadu, India

[1]. Aminifard,M.H.,Aroiee,H.,Fatemi,H.,Ameri A.,Karimpour,S., 2010:Responses of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) to different rates of nitrogen under field conditions.JCEA,11(4):453-458.
[2]. Anburani A,Manivannan K 2002.Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) CV.Annamalai.South Indian Horticulture,50(4-6):377-386.
[3]. Dwivedi, O.P. 2015. Distribution and Association of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Different Cultivars of Wheat from Lalganj Pratapgarh District of Utter Pradesh. India Advances in Bio Sci. and Bio Tech., 353-357
[4]. Chen,G.C.,He,Z.L, Stoffella ,P.J,Yang.X.E.,Yu,S.,2006.Calvert D use of dolomite phosphate rock (DPR) fertilizers to reduce phosphorous leaching from sandy soil. Environmental pollution,139:176-182.
[5]. Giannakoula, A., M. Moustakas, T. Syros and T. Yupsanis. 2010. Aluminum stress induces up-regulation of an efficient antioxidant system in the Al-tolerant maize line but not in the Al- sensitive line. Environ. Exp. Bot. 67: 487-494.
[6]. Gomez,K.A.,Gomez A.K.1958.Statistical procedures for agricultural research.2nd edn.John Wiley and Sons.New York.207-215.
[7]. Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
[8]. Jose D.,Shanmugavelu,Thamburaj 1988.Studies on the efficiency of organic and inorganic form of nitrogen in brinjal.Indian journal of Horticulture 45:100-103.
[9]. Lekberg, Y. and R.T. Koids. 2005. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, rhizobia available P and nodulation of groundnut (Archis hypogea L.) in zimbawe. Agric. Ecosys. Environ., 110: 143-148.
[10]. Mohamed AE, Rashed MN, Mofty A (2003). Assessment of essential and toxic elements in some kinds of vegetables. Ecotox Environ Safe 55(3):251-60
[11]. Naidu AK,Kushwah SS,Diwivedi YC 1999.Performance of organic manures, bio and chemical fertilizers and their combination on microbial population of soil and growth of okra. Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidhyalaya Research Journal ,33 (1-2):34-38.
[12]. Nanthakumar S and Veeraraghavathatham D 2000. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth parameters and yield of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) cv PLR 1.South Indian Horticulture,48(1-6):31-35.
[13]. Pal S, Saimbhi MS, Bal SS 2002.Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus level on growth and yield of brinjal hybrid (Solanum melongena L.). J.veg.sci.29,90-91.
[14]. Rahman M.H, Hosain M.A, Kawai K 1998. Potentially of swamp for fish culture in Bangaladesh.Japan Aquaculturte society,svisanzoshku.46(4):481-486.
[15]. Raigón MD, Prohens J, Muñoz-Falcón JE, Nuez F (2008). Comparison of eggplant landraces and commercial varieties for fruit content of phenolics, minerals, dry matter and protein. J Food Compos Anal 21(5):370-376.
[16]. Rathier T.M .,Frink C.R 1989.Nitrate in runoff water from container grown juniper and Alberta spurce under different irrigation and N fertilization regimes.J Environ Horticul (7) (1):32-35.
[17]. Satya Vani, Motha, Hindumathi Amballa and Narsimha Reddy Bhumi. 2014. Arbuscular my corrhizalfungi associatedwithrhizospheresoils of brinjal cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 3(5): 519-529.
[18]. Sanchez Castillo CP, Englyst HN, Hudson GJ, Lara JJ, Solano ML, Munguía JL, James WP (1999). The nonstarch polysaccharide content of Mexican foods. J Food Compos Anal 12(4):293-314.
[19]. Tindall,D.,1978. Commercial vegetables growing. ELBS & Oxford University Press, London.pp. 711
[20]. Tomati U, Galli E.,Grappelli A, Dilena G 1990. Effect of earthworm casts on protein synthesis in radish ( Raphanus sativum) and lettuce ( Lactuca sativa) seedlings. Biology and fertility of soils,9: 288-289.
[21]. Zehra Ekin 2010. Performance of phosphate solubilizing bacteria for improving growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in the presence of phosphorus fertilizer. Af. J. Biotech. 9: 3794-00.

D.Ananda Kumar, K.Sivakumar and E.Mariyappan “Comparative Studies on the Growth and Yield of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) var PLR 2 based on Bioinoculants and Inorganic Fertilizers” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 191-193 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/191-193.pdf

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Automatic Billing System in Mall
Zarana Panchal, Hetal Rathwa – March 2018 – Page No.: 194-196

The modern technology has increased the standard of living for the humans. Every one of us craves for a quality in everything we use in our daily lives. So, this has resulted in large crowds at shopping malls which have to lead to long lines at the billing counter because the cashier has to scan every product item and then enter it into the billing record. The prevailing billing system is a bit time-consuming. So, we have an idea of inventing a remedial electronic product to catch-up with this problem. We call it “Smart trolley with the automatic billing”.
RFID generally encompasses any wireless (or partially wireless) communication that allows for remote retrieval of information associated with a particular commodity, product, component, or another item. This project put forwards a unique solution to reduce the average time a customer spends at a supermarket. The product with the appropriate tag is read by the reader on the cart and the product’s details are displayed on the LCD screen placed on the trolley. As the customer puts each product in the trolley, it gets detected. The information of these products along with the bill amount is displayed on the LCD display. The bill amount is sent from the trolley to the server (database) via ZIGBEE which is a short-range wireless communication

Page(s): 194-196                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 April 2018

 Zarana Panchal
Student, Fr. Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Hetal Rathwa
Student, Fr. Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

[1]. Savi Technologies ”Active and Passive RFID: Two Distinct, But Complementary, Technologies for Real-Time Supply Chain Visibility, SAVI Technology.”
[2]. Zeeshan Ali, Prof. Reena Sonkusare, ”RFID Based Smart Shopping and Billing”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 12, December 2013
[3]. Engineering (IJSCE) ISSN: 2231-2307, Volume-3, Issue-6, January2014.
[4]. Raju Kumar, K. Gopalakrishna, K. Ramesha on “Intelligent Shopping Cart” in International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2013
[5]. Swati and S.Awati, “Smart Trolley in Meg Mall,” in International Journal of EmergingTechnology and Advanced Engineering Website: www.ijetae.com (ISSN 2250-2459, Volume 2, Issue 3, March 2012)
[6]. G. Roussos and B. College, “Enabling Rfid in Retail”‖, Computer, IEEE,vol. 39, no. 3, 2006.
[7]. Y. J. Zu “Survivable RFID systems: Issues, challenges, and techniques”, IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern. C, Appl. Rev., vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 406-418 2010
[8]. F. Gandino, B. Montrucchio, M. Rebaudengo and E. R. Sanchez4 “On improving automation by integrating RFID in the traceability management of the agri-food sector”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 2357-2365 2009
[9]. Dr.Suryaprasad J, Praveen Kumar B O, Roopa D Arjun A K, “A Novel Low Cost Intelligent Shopping Cart”, Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE International Conference on Networked Embedded Systems for Enterprise Applications, NESEA 2011, Perth, Australia, December 8-9, 2011
[10]. D.V.S Chandra Babu, “wireless intelligent billing trolley for supermarket”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Technology, vol.3, issue 1, Aug. 2012.
[11]. Chihhsiong Shih, Bwo-cheng Liang and Cheng-zu Lin, “An Automatic Smart Shopping Cart Deployment Framework based on Pattern Design”, IEEE 15th International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, 2011.

Zarana Panchal, Hetal Rathwa “Automatic Billing System in Mall” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 194-196 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/194-196.pdf

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Smart Parking for Smart Cities
M. Bindu Priya, S.L.Sailaja, V. Mani Krishna – March 2018 – Page No.: 197-200

In recent times the concept of smart cities has gained great popularity. Thanks to the evolution of Internet of things the idea of smart city now seems to be achievable. Consistent efforts are being made in the field of IOT in order to maximize the productivity and reliability of urban infrastructure. Problems such as, traffic congestion, limited car parking facilities and road safety are being addressed by IOT. In this paper, we present an IOT based cloud integrated smart parking system. The proposed Smart Parking system consists of an on-site deployment of an IOT module that is used to monitor and signalize the state of availability of each single parking space. A mobile application is also provided that allows an end user to check the availability of parking space and book a parking slot accordingly. The paper also describes a high-level view of the system architecture. Towards the end, the paper discusses the working of the system in form of a use case that proves the correctness of the proposed.

Page(s): 197-200                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 April 2018

 M. Bindu Priya
Assistant Professor, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India
 S.L.Sailaja
Student, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

 V. Mani Krishna
Student, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

IEEE References:

[1]. Botta, A., de Donato, W., Persico, V., &Pescapé, A. (2014, August). On the Integration of Cloud Computing and Internet of Things. In Future Internet of Things and Cloud (FiCloud), 2014 International Conference on (pp. 23-30)IEEE
[2]. Ji, Z., Ganchev, I., O’droma, M., & Zhang, X. (2014, August).A cloudbased intelligent car parking services for smart cities. In General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (URSI GASS), 2014 XXXIth URSI (pp. 1-4) IEEE
[3]. Kafle, V. P., Fukushima, Y., &Harai, H. (2015, April).ID-based communication for realizing IoT and M2M in future heterogeneous mobile networks.In Recent Advances in Internet of Things (RIoT), 2015 International Conference on (pp. 1-6) IEEE.

Net Sources

[4]. FastPark System website, http://www.fastprk.com.
[5]. Zaslavsky, A., Perera, C., &Georgakopoulos, D. (2013).Sensing as a service and big data.arXiv preprint arXiv:1301.0159.

Bibliography

[6]. Sarkar, C., UttamaNambi SN, A., Prasad, R., Rahim, A., Neisse, R., &Baldini, G. (2012). DIAT: A Scalable Distributed Architecture for IoT.

M. Bindu Priya, S.L.Sailaja, V. Mani Krishna “Smart Parking for Smart Cities” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 197-200 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/197-200.pdf

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Army Defence Robot

Priyanshi Patel, Harsh Patel, Aniket Patel – March 2018 Page No.: 201-204

On today’s date there are many problems related to our Indian army. As they are facing lots of problems when there is an attack from our enemies. So, in this project mainly focus is given to detection of enemy and protection alert for the army base. A robot will be semi-autonomous operated and will detect enemies approaching the army base using camera and send required information to the army base so that they can take essential steps against it. This robot will be equipped with missiles which will be launched by the army or operated by the army wirelessly. This project will definitely improve the protection for our Indian army and send important alerts to them.

Page(s): 201-204                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 April 2018

 Priyanshi Patel
EE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Harsh Patel
EE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Aniket Patel
EE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

[1]. “An Innovative Method using GPS Tracking, WINS Technologies for Border Security and Tracking of Vehicles” Pathusa Peragu.
[2]. “Defence Industry Daily: Israel sells heron UAVs to India and Australia”. Strategypage.com. 2005-11-11. Retrieved2013-09-22
[3]. Project Element 0604641A / TACTICAL UNMANNED GROUND VEHICLE. Research, Development, Test & Evaluation, Army, Vol. 5A
[4]. http://articles.latimes.com/2012/apr/29/nation/la-na-drone -faa-20120430

Priyanshi Patel, Harsh Patel, Aniket Patel “Army Defence Robot” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.201-204 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/201-204.pdf

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Protection of Farm by Wild Animals
Twinkle Sujit Tiwari, Vasim Sharifbhai Garana, Suraj Jitendra Patel, Shruti Khatri – March 2018 – Page No.: 205-207

As technology is growing at a rapid speed so in every field the use of modern technology has been also increased rapidly in recent years. Modern farming is the need of today’s world. This proposal gives solution of the problems faced by the farmers. Farmers are facing problems, like farm protection, crop cutting, gardening, cleaning and pesticide sprinkling. It also gives the idea how the above mentioned problems are overcome. As protecting crop from the animals is the major concern, so firstly this proposal focused on farm protection which is based on the traditional method of protecting field from animals. For implementing the idea of farm protection PIR sensor, RF module, AVR controller and fire generating circuit with crackers are used.

Page(s): 205-207                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 10 April 2018

 Twinkle Sujit Tiwari
UG Student, Department of ECE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Vasim Sharifbhai Garana
UG Student, Department of EE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Suraj Jitendra Patel
UG Student, Department of EE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

 Shruti Khatri
Assistant Professor, Department of EE, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

[1]. Farm machine having a protected joint permitting rotation between two elements DIGGING MACHINE [76] Inventor: Wellington W. Porter, RD. 2 Dublin Rd., Waterloo,
[2]. Single phase welding , BLOWING AND GATHERING IMPLEMENT Filed June 2, 1998 Dale W. Brady, Altoona, Iowa Application June 2, 1998.
[3]. ULTRASONIC SENSOR WITH A SOUND [76] Inventor: Wellington W. Porter, RD. 2 Dublin Rd., Waterloo.
[4]. une 14, 1955 F. w. PFISTER GROUND WORKING OR GARDENING TOOLSFiled Oct. 25, 1951 United States Patent 0 GROUND WORKING OR GARDENING TOOLS Frederick W. Plister, Allendale, N. J.
[5]. United States Patent Office Des. 184,592 Patented Mar. 10, 1959 RACK FOR GARDENING TOOLS Lloyd E. Yetter, Colchester, Ill.

Twinkle Sujit Tiwari, Vasim Sharifbhai Garana, Suraj Jitendra Patel, Shruti Khatri “Protection of Farm by Wild Animals” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.205-207 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/205-207.pdf

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Self Guided Auto Platform for Handicapped
Ansari Mohammedsahir, Kamal Singh Mor, Akshita Pandey – March 2018 – Page No.: 208-211

In today’s world things should be work with less time consumption and accuracy, so here we came up with an idea which is going to help handicaps which works as a helping hand. For them in this world which is full of technologies. The main focus is on railway station platform. They face many problems while accessing staircases and high altitude area with their wheel chairs and etc. So, to help them we came up with an idea named as “self guided auto platform for handicapped”. The system works on basic data communication and the base motion. It will have robust mechanical structure like a trolley which can be further intended for other uses. In the mechanical part of this structure contains material are water resistant, it can withstand in any type of whether, atmospheric conditions and it can easily carry heavy loads/weights. In this system we are using Arduino UNO board as main controller, color sensor for sensing the exact location of bogie door, for communication purpose we are using Zigbee to communicate with control system by which we can know that it is going to stop and start. The overall system of self guided auto platform will is a line follower which will start with signal from Zigbee. After this it activates the trolley and then trolley is such that it levels the train’s door height by which users can easily enters into the trains. This trolley is designed in such a way that users can use it easily in slope areas also. The inclined angle is tentaviley decided around 15-30 degree. So, when users get entered into train then when train departs the Zigbee module gives signal to trolley and with the help of time then when train departs the Zigbee module gives signal to trolley and with the help of time break trolley comes back to its initial position and after some time it again goes back to its starting position.

Page(s): 208-211                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 April 2018

 Ansari Mohammedsahir
Student B.E, Department of Electrical Engineering, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara (Gujarat), India

 Kamal Singh Mor
Student B.E, Department of Electrical Engineering, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara (Gujarat), India

 Akshita Pandey
Student B.E, Department of Electrical Engineering, Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, Vadodara (Gujarat), India

[1]. Dr.P.Gomathi, Dinesh “Automatic mobile platform for physically challenged people in railway junction” issue on April-June 2016
[2]. Sudarsan .P, Ram Kumar. S, Surendar.R, UdaySankar. T, Karthik “Artificial railway platform for domestic railway station” proceedings of 21st IRF International Conference, 15th March 2015, Chennai, India, ISBN: 978-93-82702-78-8.
[3]. Prashantha B, Harisha S “Smart railway crossing embedded with automated platform bridge” issue on August 2015 by IJRET in 2321-730.Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163.
[4]. G.Prabhavathi, B.Sanjana, S.P.Dhivya“Railway track pedestrian crossing between platforms” IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSRJECE) e – ISSN: 2278-2834, p- ISSN: 2278- 8735.Volume 9, Issue 2, Ver. III (Mar – Apr. 2014), PP 87-91.
[5]. J.Banuchandar, V.Kaliraj, P.Balasubramanian, S.Deepa, N.Thamilarasi “Automated unmanned Railway Level Crossing System”, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) www.ijmer.com Vol.2, Issue.1, Jan-Feb 2012 pp-458-463 ISSN: 2249-6645.
[6]. Polivka A, Fillip A .Satellite-based positioning for CBTC. In: Proceedings of 2nd international conference on Reliability, safety and diagnostics of transport structures and means, Pardubice, 2005.

Ansari Mohammedsahir, Kamal Singh Mor, Akshita Pandey “Self Guided Auto Platform for Handicapped” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp. 208-211 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/208-211.pdf

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Multi-Purpose Assortment for Minimizing Plastic Usage

P. Durga Prasad, K. C. Charan, Shaik Rizwan – March 2018 Page No.: 212-214

Plastic usage has been increasing in many consumer products. After usage most of the products are not recycled for the plastic. This may be due to lack of awareness to the people who use it or due to lack of proper recycling facilities. Plastic pollution is increasing day by day. Though it is a known fact plastic usage can’t be completely eliminated due to their attractive characteristics and easy processing methods. Plastic pollution not only affects human life by lying in the soil but also affects adversely marine life and can cause tremendous changes in climate. This paper aims to modify the design of plastic consumer products so that plastic pollution on the earth can be minimized with minimum usage of plastics.

Page(s): 212-214                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 April 2018

 P. Durga Prasad
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engg, M.T.I.E.T, Palamner, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India

 K. C. Charan
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engg, SITAMS, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India

 Shaik Rizwan
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engg, SITAMS, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India

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P. Durga Prasad, K. C. Charan, Shaik Rizwan “Multi-Purpose Assortment for Minimizing Plastic Usage” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.212-214 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/212-214.pdf

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A Study on Financial Derivatives with Reference to Tata Motors Limited, Chittoor District of AP, India
E Gnanaprasuna – March 2018 – Page No.: 215-220

As part of financial market reforms, new instruments and financial reengineering have been introduced in India since 1991. One area where the growth and innovation is slow is in the introduction of derivatives. In India, the appearance and enlargement of derivatives market is moderately a recent phenomenon. Since its beginning in June 2000, derivatives market has exhibited exponential enlargement both in terms of volume and number of traded contracts. The term derivatives, refers to a broad class of financial instruments which mainly include options and futures. These instruments derive their value from the price and other related variables of the underlying asset. They do not have worth of their own and derive their value from the claim they give to their owners to own some other financial assets or security. The present study is deliberate to examine the financial derivatives with reference to Tata Motors Limited.

Page(s): 215-220                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 12 April 2018

 E Gnanaprasuna
Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies. Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Karakambadi Road, Tirupati-517507, Andhra Pradesh, India

[1]. Asanna Chandra, (2008), “financial management”, Tata Mc Grew-hill publishing company ltd. New Delhi.
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[3]. Gifford Gomez, (2008) “financial markets, institutions and financial services”, prentice hall India ltd. New Delhi.
[4]. Vohra B R Badri, (2007), “futures and options”, Tata Mc Grew-hill publishing company ltd. New Delhi.
[5]. Prakash Yalavatti. (2015, October) A Study on Strategic Growth in Indian Financial Derivatives Market. International Journal of Recent Scientifics Research, 6(10)
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[8]. Kaur, P.(2004), ‘Financial derivatives: Potential of derivative market in India and emerging derivatives market structure in India’
[9]. MisraDheeraj and MisraSangeeta D (2005), ‘Growth of Derivatives in the Indian Stock Market: Hedging v/s Speculation’, The Indian Journal of Economics, Vol. LXXXV, No. 340.
[10]. Reddy, Y. V. and Sebastin, A. (2008), ‘Interaction between Equity and Derivatives Markets in India: An Entropy Approach’, The Icfai Journal of Derivatives Markets, Vol. V, No.1, pp.18-32.

E Gnanaprasuna “A Study on Financial Derivatives with Reference to Tata Motors Limited, Chittoor District of AP, India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.215-220 March 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/215-220.pdf

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Kinetics and Mechanistic Studies of Oxidation of Tartaric Acid by diperiodatocuprate(III) in Aqueous Alkaline Medium

Santosh B. Konnur and Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor – March 2018 Page No.: 221-229

The kinetics of oxidation of tartaric acid (TA) by diperiodatocuprate(III) (DPC) in aqueous alkaline medium at a constant ionic strength of 0.05 mol dm-3 was studied spectrophotometrically. The main oxidation product was identified as methanal (HCHO). The stoichiometry was found to be 1:2 ([TA] : [DPC]). The order of reaction with respect to [DPC] and [TA] was unity. The rate decreased with increase in [OH-] and [IO4-] over the concentration range studied. The ionic strength and dielectric constant of the medium did not affect the rate significantly. Based on the experimental results, a possible mechanism involving free radicals was proposed. The activation parameters were determined and discussed. Kinetics study suggests that the active species of DPC is found to be monoperiodatocuprate(III), [Cu(OH)2(H3IO6)]

Page(s): 221-229                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 13 April 2018

 Santosh B. Konnur
P.G. Department of Studies in Chemistry, Karnatak University, Dharwad-580003, India

 Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor
P.G. Department of Studies in Chemistry, Karnatak University, Dharwad-580003, India

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Santosh B. Konnur and Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor “Kinetics and Mechanistic Studies of Oxidation of Tartaric Acid by diperiodatocuprate(III) in Aqueous Alkaline Medium” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 3, pp.221-229 March 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-3/221-229.pdf

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