Volume V Issue II

Low Contrast Color Image Enhancement by Using GLCE with Contrast Stretching

Sarla Gautam, Prof. Tripti Saxena, Prof. Vijay Trivedi – February 2018 Page No.: 01-05

The principal objective of enhancement techniques is to process an image so that the result is more suitable than the original image for a specific application. Image enhancement techniques used in many areas such that Forensics, Astrophotography, Fingerprint matching etc. In image processing, low contrast image analysis is a challenging problem. Low contrast digital images reduce the ability of observer in analyzing the image. Here we propose a new method for low contrast color images enhancement. This method uses two step processing, in first step global contrast stretching method is applied to improve the contrast of image and then in second step global and local contrast enhancement(GLCE) is performed because applying the local contrast enhancement along with global contrast enhancement is much better than that of global contrast enhancement only or local contrast enhancement only. To evaluate the effectiveness of our method we choose two widely used metrics Absolute Mean Brightness Error (AMBE) and PSNR. Based on results of these two metrics this algorithm is proved as a flexible and effective way for low contrast image enhancement.

Page(s): 01-05                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 February 2018

 Sarla Gautam
M.Tech Scholar, LNCT, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

 Prof. Tripti Saxena
Assistant Professor, LNCT, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

 Prof. Vijay Trivedi
Assistant Professor, LNCT, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

[1]. Amandeep Singh, Manjeet Singh, Mandeep Kaur,” Study of Various Image Enhancement Techniques-A Review” International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, Vol. 2, Issue. 8, August 2013, pg.186 – 191.
[2]. Scott T. Acton, Dong Wei, Alan C. Bovik,” Image Enhancement” Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering”, December 27, 1999
[3]. Gonzalez, R.C. and R.E. Woods, Digital Image Processing. 1992, Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley. 716.
[4]. Raman Maini and Himanshu Aggarwal ,” A Comprehensive Review of Image Enhancement Techniques” Journal Of Computing, Volume 2, Issue 3, March 2010, ISSN 2151-9617.
[5]. S.S. Bedi, Rati Khandelwal,” Various Image Enhancement Techniques- A Critical Review” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 2, Issue 3, March 2013.
[6]. Sven Maerivoet,” An introduction to image enhancement in the spatial domain” Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Antwerp November, 17th 2000.
[7]. Khairunnisa Hasikin and Nor Ashidi Mat Isa, “Enhancement of the low contrast image using fuzzy set theory ”14th International Conference on Modelling and Simulation, IEEE,2012.
[8]. Nitin Kumar Kansal,” Fuzzy Technique for Image Enhancement”, M.E. Thesis, CSE Dept. Thapar University,June 2010.
[9]. Ojo J.A Solomon , Adeniran S.A.,” Contrast Enhancement Algorithm for Colour Images”, IEEE Science and Information Conference, 2015 .
[10]. Sampada S Pathak Prashant Dahiwale Ganesh Padole,” A Combined Effect of Local and Global Method for Contrast Image Enhancement”, IEEE International Conference on Engineering and Technology (ICETECH), March 2015

Sarla Gautam, Prof. Tripti Saxena, Prof. Vijay Trivedi “Low Contrast Color Image Enhancement by Using GLCE with Contrast Stretching” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.01-05 February 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/01-05.pdf

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Finite Element Analysis of Helical Stair Slab
Ahmadullah Tabani, Avinesh Kumar – February 2018 – Page No.: 06-09

Staircase is used in buildings for providing access to pedestrian to different floors and roof of a structure. A Stair is a series of steps with or without landings or platforms, which is installed between two or more floors of a building to bridge a large vertical distance. In this work we have analyzed helical stair slabs of different radii by modeling it in ANSYS. Three staircases of different radii ranging from small to relatively large have been modeled and loads have been applied to get an idea of deflection.

Page(s): 06-09                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 February 2018

 Ahmadullah Tabani
Department of Civil Engineering Mewar University, Rajasthan, India

 Avinesh Kumar
Department of Civil Engineering Mewar University, Rajasthan, India

[1]. Amin, S. and Ahmad S., ‘An Economic Design Approach for Helicoidal Stair Slabs based on Finite Element Analysis’, Advances in Civil and Structural Engineering Computing for Practice, Editor. B.H.V. Topping, Civil-Comp Press, Edinburgh, pp. 241-246, 1998.
[2]. Amanat, K. M., “A Design Rationale for Free Standing Stair Slabs Based on Finite Element Analysis”, M.Sc. Thesis is, Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1993.
[3]. Young, Y.E. and Scordelis, A.C., “An Analytical and Experimental Study of Helicoidal Girder”, Proceedings, ASCE, Paper No. ST 1756, 1958.
[4]. Scordelis, A.C., “Internal forces in Uniformly Loaded Helicoidal Girder”, ACI Journal, Proceedings, 56, pp. 1491- 1502, 1960.
[5]. Morgan, V.A., “Comparison of Analysis of Helical Staircases”, Concrete and Constructional Engineering (London), 55, 127-132. 1960.

Ahmadullah Tabani, Avinesh Kumar “Finite Element Analysis of Helical Stair Slab” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.06-09 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/06-09.pdf

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Sustainable Living and Self Employment Strategies in Koochivari Palli – A Case Study
Sowdeepya K, Drakshayani M and Bhagavanulu DVS – February 2018 – Page No.: 10-12

A shift has been observed in the balance of farm and non-farm self-employment activity among families is observed who live in villages. Historically, India is known to be an agricultural country and most of the revenue is generated from farm products in earlier days. The workers in the rural areas were farm self-employed, compared to non-farm activities. However, farm self-employment has been steadily declining in the last two decades due to economic and technological change in agriculture. However, the overall area under cultivation has remained fairly stable. The families who live in rural areas are earning money through dairy and other non farm products. Also, the share of workers engaged in non-farm pursuits has been increasing; following the national trend of more self-employment in the labour market overall. Since the mid-1990s, more workers in rural areas were moving towards labour market as daily wage workers. But family with self employment strategies are slowly growing and dependency on labour market is neglected. In some rural areas, the men depend on labour employment and women in making agro products and dairy development. A case study is conducted in Koochivari Palli, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India to find the employment generating avenues and also dairy development for the self sustenance of the families.

Page(s): 10-12                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 February 2018

 Sowdeepya K
IV B.Tech, ECE, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

 Drakshayani M
IV B.Tech, ECE, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

 Bhagavanulu DVS
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

[1]. A. Anbu and T. Johnson Sampathkumar, 2012, “An empirical study on dairy cooperative societies which satisfies the dairy farmer’s”, International Journal of Management, Vol. 3, pp. 177 – 185.
[2]. Amarja Satish Nargunde, 2013, Role of dairy industry in rural development, International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, pp 8-16.
[3]. Ashok Kumar Giri, 2017, “Rural development in India: Through employment programmes”, International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, Vol. 5, pp 6150-6155.
[4]. Indira Nair, 2014, “Challenges of rural development and opportunities for providing sustainable livelihood”, International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences, Vol. 2, pp 111-118.
[5]. Md. Rais Uddin Mian, Jannatul Fatema and Md. Habibur Rahman, 2007, “Impact of dairy farming on livelihood of participating women under Grameen Bank in a selected area of Rangpur District in Bangladesh”, Ind. Jn. of Agri. Econ, Vol. 62, pp 259-271.
[6]. Mohan Reddy P., Gopala Krishnaiah L. and Sivarami Reddy C.,(1990), “Self Employment to Educated Unemployed Youth Scheme: A Study”, Yojana, Vol.34, pp 14-18.
[7]. Satish Belhekar and Soumyakant Dash, 2016, Role of dairy industry in rural development in India, Indian Journal of Research, Vol. 5, pp 509-510.
[8]. T. Palaneeswari and S.V.Sasikala, 2012, “Empowerment of rural women through self-employment – a study with special reference to Thiruthangal in Virudhunagar district”, EXCEL International Journal of Multidisciplinary Management Studies, Vol. 2, pp 58 – 68.
[9]. Valerie du Plessis, 2004, “Trends in non-farm self-employment activity for rural women”, Agriculture and Rural Working Paper Series, Working Paper No. 71, pp 1- 38.

Sowdeepya K, Drakshayani M and Bhagavanulu DVS “Sustainable Living and Self Employment Strategies in Koochivari Palli – A Case Study” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 10-12 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/10-12.pdf

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SEO-A Review
Sonu B. Surati, Ghanshyam I. Prajapati – February 2018 – Page No.: 13-17

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting online visibility of a website or web page. This is important to improve rank of search result for website and get more page views, which are requested by user and these users can be converted into customers. A Search Engine Optimization may target on different search engines like image, video, academic, news, industry etc. and using these engine ranks they provide better and optimized result for user. These ranks help them to view popular page among the number of page available in the (non-paid) search result. Also, SEO is to help website managers to improve traffic of website, to making site friendly, to building link, and marketing unique value of site. SEO classified in two categories as either white hat SEO or black hat SEO. White hats tend to produce results that last a long time, whereas black hats anticipate that their sites may eventually be banned either temporarily or permanently. SEO is used to improve their frames and create more economic effectiveness and social effectiveness and also they can focus on national and international searcher(s).

Page(s): 13-17                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 February 2018

 Sonu B. Surati
Department of Information Technology, Shri S’ad Vidya Mandal Institute of Technology, Bharuch, Gujarat, India

 Ghanshyam I. Prajapati
Department of Information Technology, Shri S’ad Vidya Mandal Institute of Technology, Bharuch, Gujarat, India

[1]. S. Hussien “Factors Affect Search Engine Optimization”, IJCSNS/2014.
[2]. Khattab O. Khorsheed, Magda M. Madbouly and Shawkat K. Guirguis, “Search Engine Optimization Using Data Mining Approach”, IJCEA/2015.
[3]. Shipra Kataria, Pooja Sapra, “A Novel Approach for Rank Optimization using Search Engine Transaction Logs”, IEEE/2016.
[4]. https://www.lancermedia.com/seo-los-angeles/, Visited on: 4th January, 2018.
[5]. Sonya Zhanga and Neal Cabage, “Search Engine Optimization: Comparison of Link Building and Social Sharing”, Journal of Computer Information Systems/2016.
[6]. https://searchengineland.com/guide/what-is-seo, Visited on: 4th January, 2018.
[7]. http://www.echovme.in/blog/off-page-seo-strategies/, Visited on: 4th January, 2018.
[8]. http://www.digitalthirdcoast.net/blog/on-page-off-seo-difference, Visited on: 5th January, 2018.
[9]. http://www.digitalvidya.com/blog/9-easy-on-page-seo-optimization-techniques-to-boost-website-rank/, Visited on: 5th January, 2018.
[10]. http://www.echovme.in/blog/off-page-seo-strategies/, Visited on: 7th January, 2018.
[11]. https://digitalready.co/blog/difference-between-black-hat-seo-and-white-hat-seo, Visited on: 7th January, 2018.
[12]. https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=0ahUKEwiZ14r60NDYAhUJP48KHeMiDMMQjxwIAw&url=https%3A%2F%2Fdigitalready.co%2Fblog%2Fdifference-between-black-hat-seo-and-white-hat-seo&psig=AOvVaw2aT-58zk0NWJdiFK9IUtYo&ust=1515784668391192, Visited on: 7th January, 2018.
[13]. Rohail Syed, Kevyn Collins-Thompson, Optimizing search results for human learning goals”, Springer/2017.
[14]. Shraddha Londhe, Dr. Hemant Deshmukh, “Review Paper on Search-Engine Optimization”, IJESC/2017.
[15]. Daniel Breucker, Benedikt Kampgen and Andreas Harth, “SEO4OLAP-Search Engine Optimized Presentation of Statistical Linked Data”, INFORMATIK/2016.
[16]. Cheng, Jye Luh Sheng, Yang Ting, Li Dean Huang, “Estimating Google’s Search Engine Ranking Function from a Search Engine Optimization Perspective”, Emerald Insight /2016.
[17]. Krishna Choudharia, Vinod K Bhallab, “Video Search Engine Optimization Using Keyword and Feature Analysis”, ELSEVIER/2015.
[18]. Venkat N. Gudivada, Dhana Rao and Jordan Paris “Understanding Search-Engine Optimization”, IEEE/2015.
[19]. Aanchal Kakkar, Rana Majumdar and Arvind Kumar “Search Engine Optimization: A Game of Page Ranking”, IJARCSSE/2014.
[20]. Joeran Beel, Bela Gipp, Erike Wilde, “Academic Search Engine Optimization (ASEO): Optimizing Scholarly Literature for Google Scholar & Co.”, ResearchGate/2014.
[21]. https://www.titangrowth.com/NewsArticles/5-seo-benefits.html, Visited on: 11th January, 2018.
[22]. www.digitalvidya.com/blog/career-in-seo/, Visited on: 11th January, 2018.

Sonu B. Surati, Ghanshyam I. Prajapati “SEO-A Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 13-17 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/13-17.pdf

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Interpersonal Style Orientation of Managers – A Literature Review
Neha Joshi, Dr. Ashish Sinha – February 2018 – Page No.: 18-22

Interpersonal style orientation of any employee is the backbone of organizational performance and developing its culture and climate. Studies have revealed that Managers who tend to be effective in their leadership styles as far as coordinating and directing their subordinates is concerned are more successful than those who lacks these styles. A useful conceptual framework to describe an individual style is Transactional Analysis. TA is quite popular and two basic concepts can be used to understand influence styles, the Ego States and the Existential Positions. Interpersonal relations have been found to be an integral part of the job world over and several studies have established their importance in formal organizations, especially for effective decision making and implementation of decisions. The current paper is a base for identifying various styles and techniques which researchers have found after extensive analysis over past few decades. It is a conceptual framework of identifying these factors and also to look into the gap which still exist within this broad spectrum of interpersonal styles and relationships existing in the organization.

Page(s): 18-22                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 February 2018

 Neha Joshi
Assistant Professor, DIT University, Dehradun, India

 Dr. Ashish Sinha
Assistant Professor, Doon University, Dehradun, India

[1]. Baker, M. A. (1991). Gender and verbal communication in professional settings: A review of research. Management Communication Quarterly, 5, 36-63.
[2]. Brower, H. H., Schoorman, F. D. & Tan, H. H. (2000). A model of relational leadership: The integration of trust and leader-member exchange. Leadership Quarterly, 11 (2), 227-250.
[3]. Becker, B., and Gerhart, B. (1996), ‘The Impact of Human Resources Management on
[4]. Organizational Performance: Progress and Prospects,’ Academy of Management Journal, 39, 4,779–801.
[5]. Berman, E. M., West, J. P., & Richter, M. N. (2002). Workplace relations: Friendship patterns and consequences (according to managers). Public Administration Review, 62, 217-230.
[6]. Cogliser, C. C., & Schriesheim, C. A. (2000). Exploring work unit context and leader-member exchange: A multi-level perspective. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 487-511.
[7]. Carmen M.M. Pereiraa and Jorge F.S. Gomesb (2012) :The strength of human resource practices and transformational leadership: impact on organisational performance* The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 23, No. 20, 4301–4318, Tyalor & Francis
[8]. Chatterjee Arindam (2012) “An Empirical Analysis of Interpersonal Styles with Special Reference to Employees in Public Sector Banks”: International Journal of Applied Research & Studies
[9]. Dvir, T., Avolio, B.J., and Shamir, B. (2002), ‘Impact of Transformational Leadership on Follower Development and Performance: A Field Experiment,’ Academy of Management Journal, 45, 4,735–744.
[10]. Dorthe Døjbak Haakonsson, Richard M. Burton, Børge Obel, Jørgen Lauridsen (2008), How failure to align organizational climate and leadership style affects performance, Management Decision, Vol. 46 Iss 3 pp. 406 – 432 (Emerald Insight)
[11]. Ekaterini Galanou (2010), The impact of leadership styles on four variables of executives workforce, International Journal of Business and Management, Vol 5, No 6 (2010)
[12]. Fredrick A. Boholst (2003), Effects of Transactional Analysis Group Therapy on Ego States and Ego State Perception, Transactional Analysis Journal, 33, 3, 254-261
[13]. Goyal Varsha (2013.)” Importance of Interpersonal Skills at Workplace: International Indexed & Refereed Journal.
[14]. Herman H. M. Tse, Marie T, Neal M. Ashkanasy (2008), A Multi-Level Analysis of Team Climate and Interpersonal Exchange Relationships at Work. The Leadership Quarterly,(2008) 19,(2) 195-21
[15]. Kalra Satish & Gupta Rajan (1999),”Some behavioral dimensions of effective managerial styles in Indian context, in Henry S.R Kao, Sinha Durganand & Behmard Willpert (eds), Management & Cultural values:The indigenization of organizations in Asia. Sage, Thousand Oaks CA.
[16]. Kiesler, Donald J (1983) :The 1982 Interpersonal Circle: A taxonomy for complementarity in human transactions.Psychological Review, Vol 90(3),185-214.
[17]. Michael W. Grojean,• Christian J. Resick, Marcus W. Dickson, D. Brent Smith (2004), Leaders, Values, and Organizational Climate: Examining Leadership Strategies for Establishing an Organizational Climate Regarding Ethics, Journal of Business Ethics, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 223-241
[18]. Nina Pološki Vokić & Tomislav Hernaus (2004)”Interpersonal relations at work perceived by croatian and worldwide employees and by different age, gender, education, hierarchical and company size groups – empirical evidence”.
[19]. P koortzen K F Mauer (2005) “A theoretical interpersonal style repertoire for middle-level managers, department of industrial and organisational psychology university of South Africa, SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
[20]. Sinha Ashish (2012) “Interpersonal Style orientation of workers in engeenering organizations in India: The Indian Journal of Industrial relations,
[21]. Samuel Nguni, Peter Sleegers* & Eddie Denessen (2007), Transformational and transactional leadership effects on teachers’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior in primary schools: The Tanzanian case, School Effectiveness and School Improvement: An International Journal of Research, Policy and Practice Volume 17, Issue 2.

Neha Joshi, Dr. Ashish Sinha “Interpersonal Style Orientation of Managers – A Literature Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 18-22 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/18-22.pdf

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Effect of Infill Walls on Seismic Performance of RC Frames
Mohd Abdul Malik, M A Azeem, Mohd Nazim Raza – February 2018 – Page No.: 23-26

For this study, three different shape buildings are considered which are both regular and irregular in plan. Three different storey conditions are applied to all the three buildings. A regular Rectangular shape, L shape and C shape buildings are studied having all 11 storey, 16 storey, 21 storey conditions. The Nonlinear static analysis is performed for all the models. The Seismic performance of Bare frame is compared with Infill frame, and for each shape models with different storey combination the effect change in number of bays with infill is studied. The Seismic performance of frame with soft storey is compared with frame having no soft storey conditions. The parameters studied are Storey Drifts, Time Period, Base Shear, Roof displacement, Performance points, and Hinge formation mechanism. From the study of all the thirty models it is found that the presence of Infill wall increases the load carrying capacity of the structure by 8 to 10 times than that of bare frame and the time period is decreased ranging from 188% to 325%.

Page(s): 23-26                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 February 2018

 Mohd Abdul Malik
Post Graduate Student (Structures), Department of Civil Engineering, DCET, Hyderabad, India

 M A Azeem
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, DCET, Hyderabad, India

 Mohd Nazim Raza
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, MJCET, Hyderabad, India

[1]. ATC, 2005, Next-generation performance based seismic design guidelines:Program plan for new and existing buildings, FEMA 440, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C.
[2]. Huda Helmy, Hamed Hadhoud and Sherif Mourad (2015) “Infilled masonry walls contribution in mitigating progressive collapse of multistory reinforced concrete structures according to UFC guidelines”, International journal of advance structural Engineering 7:233–247, 27 June 2015.
[3]. Jebin James (2016) “Seismic Analysis of RC frame with Masonry Infill Walls Using Etabs”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology Volume: 03 Issue: 10, Oct-2016.
[4]. Luis Decanini, Fabrizio Mollaioli, Andrea Mura, Rodolfo Saragoni (2004) “Seismic Analysis of Masonry Infilled RC Frames” Thirteen World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C, Canada.
[5]. Murthy CVR and Jain SK (2000) “Beneficial Influence of Masonry Infill walls on Seismic Performance of RC frame Buildings”, 12 World Conference onEarthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand.
[6]. Mohammed Nauman and Nasrul Islam (2014) “Behavior of RCC Multistorey structure with and without Infills”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and technology, Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2014.
[7]. Mohammed Akberuddin M. A. (2013) “Pushover analysis of medium rise multi-Story RCC frame with and without vertical irregularity”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Application Vol. 3, Issue 5, Sep-Oct 2013, pp.540-546.
[8]. Narendra AK, Gajbhiye VD and Malkhede SD (2016) “Seismic Analysis of RC Frame Structure with And without Masonry Infill Walls”, International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT) – 2016.
[9]. Neelima PVS and Kumar RP (2014) “Seismic Behavior of RC Frame with URM Infill a case study” IJEAR, Vol 4, Issue SPL-2, Jan-June 2014.

Mohd Abdul Malik, M A Azeem, Mohd Nazim Raza “Effect of Infill Walls on Seismic Performance of RC Frames” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 23-26 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/23-26.pdf

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The Effect of Psychological Well Being on Sport Players and Non Sport Players

Anju Gautam and Samerjeet Kaur – February 2018 Page No.: 27-28

This research paper was aimed at investigating the effect of psychological well being on Sport Players and Non Sport Players. Psychological well being is basic and important for sports excellence. A random sample used for collection of 80 subjects. Psychological well being questionnaire was administered on the subjects which is an objectively score able test devised to give the most complete coverage of psychological well being in brief time. T test was used for data analysis in this Paper. All studies revealed that psychological well being varying from sports players and non sports players respectively.

Page(s): 27-28                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2018

 Anju Gautam
Department of Psychology, Mewar University, Chittorgarh (Rajasthan), India

 Samerjeet Kaur
Department of Psychology, C. C. S. University, Meerut, UP, India

[1]. A.E. Abele et al. (2001): In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001 (For Research paper citation)
[2]. Boehm, (1955): The role of psychiatric social work in mental health ,In A.M.Rose (Ed.). Mental Health and Mental disorder. New York, Norton. (For Book Citation)
[3]. Diener, E. (2000) Subjective well being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national Index. American Psychologist,55 34-43. (For Research paper citation)
[4]. Kamlesh ML. 1983. Psychology of Physical Education and Sports. Metropolitan Book Company, New Delhi. (For Book Citation)
[5]. Menninger, Karl. (1995): The Human Mind (3rd Ed.). New York: knopf. (For Book Citation)
[6]. Rareshide, and Kern. (1991): Social interest: Haves and Have nots. Journal of Adlerian Theory, Research and Practice, 47, 464-476. . (For Research paper citation)
[7]. Ryff, C. D. (1989): “Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well- being”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.57:1069-1081. (For Research paper citation)
[8]. Vookles and Tydocinski, (1992): Social relationship and health: The relative role of family Social Science and Medicine, 34, 449-476. . (For Research paper citation)
[9]. Thomas and Cleveland (1992) “Association of Social Relationships with Depressive Symptoms: Testing an Alternative to Social Support”. Journal of Family Psychology. 1992; 6(1): 49-59.

Anju Gautam and Samerjeet Kaur “The Effect of Psychological Well Being on Sport Players and Non Sport Players” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.27-28 February 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/27-28.pdf

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A Survey on Fetal Electrocardiogram
Jayprakash Nayak, Om Prakash Yadav – February 2018 – Page No.: 29-31

The fetal electrocardiogram (FECG) is a technique of recording bioelectric current generated by the fetal heart. It is obtaining mainly from maternal abdomen. These signals are corrupted by various types of noise. This paper mainly focuses on the artifacts affecting the FECG characteristics. Methods already available to extract the FECG from the noises are also explored.

Page(s): 29-31                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2018

 Jayprakash Nayak
Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

 Om Prakash Yadav
Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

[1]. Khaled Assaleh, “Extraction of Fetal Electrocardiogram Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 59-68, January 2007.
[2]. Amita Dessai Adpaikar Shruthi Vasudev, “Extraction of Fetal ECG Parameterfrom the Composite Abdominal Signal,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Control Engineering, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 193-195, April 2016.
[3]. M. B. I. Reaz, M. I. Ibrahimy, M. S. Hussain, and J. Uddin M. A. Hasan, “Detection and Processing Techniques of FECG Signal for Fetal Monitoring,” Biological Procedures Online, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 263-295, 2009.
[4]. M. I. Ibrahimy, M. B. I. Reaz M. A. Hasan, “Fetal ECG Extraction from Maternal Abdominal ECG Using Neural Network,” J. Software Engineering & Applications, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 330-334, December 2009.
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Jayprakash Nayak, Om Prakash Yadav “A Survey on Fetal Electrocardiogram” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.29-31 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/29-31.pdf

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A Solar MPPT Technique for Battery Charging Applications
Dr. Sanjay Lakshminarayanan – February 2018 – Page No.: 32-36

In this paper it is shown that for charging batteries from solar panels, MPPT can be achieved by varying the duty ratio of the DC-DC converter feeding the battery so thatthe average battery charging current is maximized. Assuming negligible losses in the converter, this is equivalent to maximizing the power output of the solar panel as in traditional MPPT. A low power(10 W) prototype has been built with a buck-boost converter to charge a lead acid battery (12 V, 7AH), with an Arduino microcontroller to control the duty ratio. The method can be scaled up easily to control even Kilo Watts of power.

Page(s): 32-36                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 21 February 2018

 Dr. Sanjay Lakshminarayanan
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, B.M.S. Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

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Dr. Sanjay Lakshminarayanan “A Solar MPPT Technique for Battery Charging Applications” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 32-36 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/32-36.pdf

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Organizational Culture and Employees’ Performance: A Study on Banking Sector in Twin City, Bhubaneswar and Cuttack

Anindita Das, Dr. P.C Tripathy – February 2018 Page No.: 37-42

Purpose: To explore the factors of organizational culture which influences employees’ job performance. To study the relationship between organizational culture and employees’ job performance.
Methodology: The statistical analysis was based on two hundred respondents in the selected banks showing the cultural factors which influences the employees’ job performance. Factor analysis was used to find out the factors and Regression analysis was used to know the relationship between culture and employees’ performance.
Findings: From the data analysis, the major factors of organizational culture have extracted such factors are Employee satisfaction, Adaptability, Work environment, Team orientation, Employee contribution, Employee involvement and benefits, Mission, Growth and Development, Recognition and supervision. Employee satisfaction, working environment and mission factors have significant relationship on employees’ performance.
The factors like employee satisfaction has, work environment has and mission and benefits has significant relation with employees’ performance of the banking industry. The factor like recognition and supervision has, so this factor has negative impact on performance of the employees.
Conclusion: The HR manager should give emphasis to increase the quality of work environment, employee satisfaction and mission and benefits to retain the employees in the organization.

Page(s): 37-42                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 February 2018

 Anindita Das
Assistant Professor, Department of MBA, Srusti Academy of Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

 Dr. P.C Tripathy
Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, Sambalpur University, Odisha, India

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Anindita Das, Dr. P.C Tripathy “Organizational Culture and Employees’ Performance: A Study on Banking Sector in Twin City, Bhubaneswar and Cuttack” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.37-42 February 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/37-42.pdf

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Strength Analysis of RC Beam by using ANSYS: A Review
Udit Lahoti, Sumit Pahwa – February 2018 – Page No.: 43-47

The utilization of outwardly wrapped fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets, strips or steel plates is a present and suitable method for increasing strength of reinforced concrete (RC) beams. Various authors have been concluded on reinforced concrete beams with strengthened with the utilization of fiber reinforced polymer composite. greater part of researches explained on shear strengthening compared with flexural strengthening, while several optimizations the effect of openings on shear and flexural separately with several loading situations. By wrapping Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) sheets, retrofitting of concrete structures provide a more economical and precisely superior substitute to the traditional techniques in many situations because it offers high strength, low weight, corrosion resistance, high fatigue resistance, easy and rapid installation and smallest modification in structural geometry. This study examined the effect of polymers on beam by reading many articles on strengthening of reinforced concrete beams with and without fiber reinforcement polymers.

Page(s): 43-47                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 February 2018

 Udit Lahoti
M-Tech Scholar, Alpine Institute of Technology, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India

 Sumit Pahwa
Assistant Professor, Alpine Institute of Technology, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India

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Udit Lahoti, Sumit Pahwa “Strength Analysis of RC Beam by using ANSYS: A Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.43-47 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/43-47.pdf

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Comparison of Static vs Ballistic Stretching Combined with Basket Ball
K. Jeevanathan, D. Rajesh, VPR. Sivakumar – February 2018 – Page No.: 48-52

BACK GROUND: Little is known about the effectiveness of performing static stretching prior to a power play such as basket ball sport. Evidence for ballistic stretching effectiveness is documented. Studies done to compare Static Stretching and Ballistic stretching combined with Basketball play on Flexibility and Vertical Jump are limited.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the two different stretching effects for basket ball players.
STUDY DESIGN: Quasi Experimental
METHODOLOGY: 50 male basketball players (18-23yrs) (BMI: 22-23.5kg/m 2) were recruited and randomly allocated onto 2 groups. Group A: Static Stretching Group combined with 20 minutes of basketball play B: Ballistic stretching combined with 20 minutes of basketball play for both Group A and B. The programme was carried out 3days /week for 6 weeks. Box test for Flexibility (4.27) and Sergeant Jump test for Vertical Jump (286.12) were assessed at baseline; end of every week and after six weeks.
RESULTS: Improvement for the flexibility (8.94) and vertical jump (300.96) were greater in ballistic stretching, whereas difference in static stretching on flexibility (6.66) and vertical jump (295.88) was not significant.
CONCLUSION: The study indicates that ballistic stretching combined with 20 minutes basketball play may be superior to static stretching with 20 minutes basketball play for improving flexibility and vertical jump in basketball players.

Page(s): 48-52                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 22 February 2018

 K. Jeevanathan
Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

 D. Rajesh
Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

 VPR. Sivakumar
Dean, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

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[27]. Reury Frank, Gizele De Assis Monteriro, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Valmor Tricoli, Leonardo Ferreira Cabral, And Marcelo Saldanha Aoki (2009), Acute Effect Of A Ballistic And Static Stretching Exercise Bout On Flexibility And Maximal Strength. Journal Of Strength And Conditioning Research Volume 23 (1) Pp: 304-308.
[28]. Jason Reed Jaggers (2004), The Acute Effects Of Dynamic And Ballistic Stretching On Vertical Jump Height, Force, And Power. Journal Of Strengthg And Conditioning Research, Colume 22(6), Pp: 1844-1849.
[29]. Thacker S. B, Gilchrist J. Stroup D. F., And Kimset J. R. (2004), The Impact Of Stretching On Soprts Injury Risk: A Systematic Review Of The Literature. Medical Science And Sports Exercise Volume 36, Pp 371- 378.
[30]. Shrier. I (1999), Stretching Before Exercise Does Not Reduce The Risk Of Local Muscle Injury: A Critical Review Of The Clinical And Basic Science Literature. Clinical Journal Of Sport Medicine, Volume 9, Pp-221-227.
[31]. Patterson P, Wiksten D. L., Ray L., Flanders C., And Sanphy D., (1996), The Validity And Reliability Of The Back Saver Sit And Reach Test In Middle School Girls And Boys. Research Quartely For Exercise And Sport Volume 67 Pp-448-451.
[32]. Willams P. E., ( 1994), Use Of Intermittent Stretch In The Prevention Of Serial Sarcomere Loss In Immobilized Muscle. Journal Of Strength And Conditioning Research Volume 49 Pp-316-317.
[33]. Mcnair P.J. And Stanley S.N., (1996), Effect Of Passive Stretching And Jogging On The Series Elastic Muscle Stiffness And Range Of Motion Of The Ankle Joint. Journal Of Sports Medicine, Volume 30 Pp-313-318.

K. Jeevanathan, D. Rajesh, VPR. Sivakumar “Comparison of Static vs Ballistic Stretching Combined with Basket Ball” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 48-52 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/48-52.pdf

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Water Quality Dynamics and Sustainability Evaluation of Pamba River, Kerala

Divya. S. Rajan, Anila.K.A – February 2018 Page No.: 53-61

Aquatic ecosystems are facing growing threats due to a variety of anthropogenic activities, which entail urgent need for research and education programmes to create awareness in the society for their protection and conservation. In the present study variations in physico-chemical water quality parameters of the river Pamba, Kerala, India was determined .Pamba river with a length of 176 kms is a major river of Kerala. The Pampa River is the third longest river in the South Indian State of Kerala after Periyar and Bharathappuzha and the longest river in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. The River Pamba enriches the lands of Pathanamthitta District and the Kuttanad areas of Alappuzha District. The objective of the study was to investigate the seasonal variations of physico-chemical parameters such as temperature, pH, transparency, hardness, salinity, ammonia, carbon dioxide, Dissolved oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand. As a part of the investigation, four stations were selected for the study for the assessment of water quality of areas such as Kozhancherry, Aranmulla, Chengannur and and Mannar. Water samples were collected during the year 2016-2017 from the study area and the physico-chemical parameters were analyzed with respect to the seasons following standard methods. The study indicates that there is a pronounced variation of most of the water quality parameters with variations in season. There are numerous causes including increasing number of industries and various other anthropogenic activities in the neighbouring regions, global climatic changes that lead to the degradation of the quality of water. The alteration of these water quality parameters may provide an early warning signal about the ecosystem degradation. The findings of the present study also provide a better understanding of this damaged ecosystem and reminds the need for its restoration.

Page(s): 53-61                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 26 February 2018

 Divya. S. Rajan
Guest Lecturer, P.G Department of Zoology, Christian College, Chengannur, India

 Anila.K.A
P.G. Student, P.G Department of Zoology, Christian College, Chengannur, India

[1]. APHA, 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water .American Public Health Association. 21st ed. Washington DC Page -948
[2]. Deepa and Magudeswaran, P.N.2014.Water quality of Chithrapuzha River, Ernakulum, Kerala, India. International Journal of research studies in Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol.1 (7):19-20
[3]. Dhirendra,M.J.,Alok Kumar.,Namitha Agarwal.2009.Studies on physico-chemical parameters to assess the water quality of river Ganga for Drinking purpose in Haridwar district,India.RASAYANJ.Chem.,Vol.2(1):195-203
[4]. Firozia, N.J., Sanalkumar, M.G., 2013.Water quality assessment of Pampa River of Kerala, India in relation to Pilgrimage. International Journal of research in Chemical Environment., Vol.3333: 341-347
[5]. Gopalkrushna, M.H., 2011. Determination of Physico-Chemical parameters of Surface Water Samples in and around Akot City, International Journal of Research in Chemistry and Environment, Vol.1(2), pp. 183-187.
[6]. Kumar Manoj and Pratap Kumar Padhy .2015.Discourse and Review of Environmental Quality of River Bodies in India. An Appraisal of Physico-Chemical and Biological Parametes as Indicators of Water Quality. Current World Environment, Vol.10 (2):537-571.
[7]. Sanal Kumar, M.G., 2012. Assessment of Physicochemical and biological quality of Achankovil River. Research Report, SCSTE, Trivandrum 63 pp.
[8]. Sujitha, P.C., MitraDev, D., Sowmya, P.K., MiniPriyaR.2012.Physico-Chemical Parameters Karamana River in Trivandram district, Kerala, India. International Journal of Environmental Science., Vol 2(3):1417-1432.
[9]. Varunprasath, K.and Nicholas, A.D.2010.Physico-Chemical parameters of river Bhavani. Iranica journal of Energy and Environment. 1(4):321-325
[10]. Verma, P.S and Agarwal, V.K., 1993. Environmental Biology (1st edition), S. Chand and Company LTD, Ramanagar, New Delhi – 110055.
[11]. WHO, 1997. Standards for Drinking Water Quality. World Health Organisation. Geneva.
[12]. WHO,2003 Guidelines for driniking water.3rd ed. Geneva.
[13]. Zahid b.,Rajendrachauhan., Najeeb, A.B., 2016.A Study of seasonal physic- chemical parameters of the river Narmada.JCBPS vol 6(1):10-17

Divya. S. Rajan, Anila.K.A “Water Quality Dynamics and Sustainability Evaluation of Pamba River, Kerala” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.53-61 February 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/53-61.pdf

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“Macbeth: Archetypal Shakespearean Tragedy”
Dr. Deepa Tyagi, Dr. Nishi Sharma – February 2018 – Page No.: 62-64

Shakespeare’s genius has an indefinable energy, something mobile and dynamic. That keeps his vitality undiminished even at the end of three and half centuries and seems to increase with every reading. What Enobarbus describes to Cleopatra is perfectly applicable and true about Shakespeare himself:

Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale;
Her infinite variety, other women do,
The appetites they feed but she makes hungry;
Where most she satisfies.

His uncontested supremacy rests on the spirit of his equal aptitude for tragedy and comedy, sentiment and burlesque, lyrical fantasy and character study of women no less than of men. Most of his characters possess the vital spark and signs of individual existence. Though they are differ from one another in age, in sex, in condition, in virtues and in vices. They possess the common gift of animation and life. He is one of the most conservative writers who have only refashioned subjects already used. Half his plays are revisions of works already acted. All the others are taken from chronicles or tales which he had read.
Shakespearean tragedies are the most beautiful piece of work in English Literature. All are the highest achievement of the creative master dramatist. In writing his tragedies, Shakespeare did not invent only theory of his own views at the same time he followed basically what the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle had laid down years back for the composition of a tragedy. Shakespeare wrote four great tragedies Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear and Othello. He has written on almost the same pattern. If I examine the four great tragedies of Shakespeare, I will certainly find that they resemble few common characteristics. Shakespeare’s shortest and bloodiest tragedy, Macbeth is the story of Scottish General, named Macbeth, who receives a forecast from three inauspicious witches that one day he will become the King of Scotland. Overwhelmed with ambitious thoughts and spurred to do the action by his truly overambitious wife, Lady Macbeth. Macbeth murders King Duncan and seizes the throne for himself.

Page(s): 62-64                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 27 February 2018

 Dr. Deepa Tyagi
Assistant Professor, Department of English, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

 Dr. Nishi Sharma
Assistant Professor, Department of English, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

References are not available.

Dr. Deepa Tyagi, Dr. Nishi Sharma ““Macbeth: Archetypal Shakespearean Tragedy” ” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp.62-64 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/62-64.pdf

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Holistic Survey Approach Using Business Intelligence Tools
Divya.P, Pavithra.T, Poornamrutha.S – February 2018 – Page No.: 65-67

The survey web application which takes survey or feedback in various aspects such as academics, transportation, hostel facilities etc.Admin has the privilege to create and publish any kind of surveys anytime to any user groups.Admin could also view the responses and reports generated from different surveys. Reports generated will help us to solve those issues and give fruitful results. User groups can comprise of faculties or students who are hostellers, dayscholars and also those who avail transport facilities.Admin has the right to create dynamic feedback or surveys.User could also view the end date of the survey he/she has to finish.Whenever the admin uploads the survey, user gets notified and he could submit the survey within the due date.Survey may be applicable for some user groups or for the whole institution. Any time it is possible to get all the responses or the survey taken up by the particular student. Finally, the reports will be generated using business intelligence tools.

Page(s): 65-67                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 28 February 2018

 Divya.P
Computer Science and Engineering, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Pavithra.T
Computer Science and Engineering, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

 Poornamrutha.S
Computer Science and Engineering, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

[1]. Larissa T. Moss, Shaku Atr: Business Intelligence Roadmap
[2]. Ralph Kimball, Joe Caserta : Data warehouse ETL Toolkit
[3]. 3.Evelson, Boris (21 November 2008). “Topic Overview: Business Intelligence”

Divya.P, Pavithra.T, Poornamrutha.S “Holistic Survey Approach Using Business Intelligence Tools” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 65-67 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/65-67.pdf

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Revelation of Aestheticism through Meta-Narratives in some Bengali Bratakathas
Sovan Sen – February 2018 – Page No.: 68-70

The term “meta-narrative” in this paper has been taken as “tales on tales”. In the field of critical theory and particularly in post-modernism, a meta-narrative is about narratives of historical meaning, experience or knowledge which offers a society legitimating through the anticipated completion of a master idea. But as this paper would take the word in a simplified sense, it is a kind of text which focuses on a particular group of texts including it and discusses about it. It largely influences the reader who reads it, the teller who tells it, as well as the audience who listens to it.

Page(s): 68-70                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 March 2018

 Sovan Sen
DSB International Public School, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

[1]. Chattopadhyay,Agorenath. “Meyeli Brata” in Loksanskritti vidya o Loksahitya,Kolkata: Bangiya Sahitya Samsad,313-314. Print.
[2]. Devi, Indumati. “Banganarir Bratakatha” in Loksanskritti vidya o Loksahitya,Kolkata: Bangiya Sahitya Samsad,313-314. Print.
[3]. Tagore, Abanindranath. “Banglar brata” in Loksanskritti vidya o Loksahitya,Kolkata: Bangiya Sahitya Samsad,313-314. Print.
[4]. Maity, Dr. Pradyot Kumar. Folk Rituals of Eastern India, New Delhi: Abhinav Publications.1988.Print.
[5]. Nayek, Dr. Jibes. Loksanskritti vidya o Loksahitya,Kolkata: Bangiya Sahitya Samsad,313-314. Print.
[6]. VedVyas, The Mahabharata.

Sovan Sen “Revelation of Aestheticism through Meta-Narratives in some Bengali Bratakathas” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 68-70 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/68-70.pdf

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Comparative Evaluation of Rician Noise Denoising Techniques for MRI Images
Saylee Lad, Dr. Prof M. S. Panse – February 2018 – Page No.: 71-73

Image processing plays an important role in Brain tumor detection. MRI images are usually preferred for brain tumor analysis. These images are highly affected by Rician noise. Images should be noise free becausenoisy image analysis results in poor accuracy. Comparative evaluation of denoising techniques is carried out where the Median filter, Weiner filter, Hard Wavelet Transform and Soft Wavelet Transform are used. Filter performance is evaluated by Mean Square Error and Peak Signal to Noise Ratio. Hard Wavelet Transform is proved to be the best filtering technique for Rician noise removal.

Page(s): 71-73                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 05 March 2018

 Saylee Lad
M.Tech Electronics, Electrical Engineering Dept., VJTI, Mumbai, India

 Dr. Prof M. S. Panse
Professor, Electrical Engineering Dept., VJTI, Mumbai, India

[1]. S. Grace Chang, Bin Yu, Senior Member, Martin Vetterli, Fellow,” Adaptive Wavelet Thresholding for Image Denoising and Compression” IEEE transactions on image processing, vol. 9,no. 9, pp 1532 – 1546,September 2000
[2]. Aleksandra Pizurica, Wilfried Philips, Ignace Lemahieu, and Marc Acheroy,” A Versatile Wavelet Domain Noise Filtration Technique for Medical Imaging” IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Vol. 22, Issue. 3, March 2003, Pages 323–331
[3]. Qingkun Song, Li Ma, JianKun Cao, Xiao Han, “Image Denoising Based on Mean Filter and Wavelet Transform” 4th International Conference on Advanced Information Technology, IEEE conference,pp39-42, February 2016
[4]. IsshaaAarya, Danchi Jiang, Timothly Gale, “Adaptive Filtering Technique for Rician Noise Denoising in MRI”, Biomedical Engineering International Conference, IEEE conference, December 2013
[5]. Sheikh Tania and Raghad Rowaida, “A Comparative Study of Various Filtering Techniques for Removing Various Noisy Pixels in Aerial Image”International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Vol 9, Issue 3,pp113-124,2016
[6]. Pankaj Hedaoo, Swati S Godbole,”Wavelet Thresholding Approach for Image Denoising”, International Journal of Network Decurity and its Application, Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2011
[7]. Chanchal Srivastava, Saurabh Kumar Mishra, Pallavi Asthana,”Performance Comparison of Various Filters and Wavelet Transform for Image De-noising”, IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering, Volume 10, Issue 1,pp55-63, March 2013
[8]. Inderpreet Singh, Inderpreet Singh,” Performance Comparison of Various Image Denoising Filters Under Spatial Domain”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 96, Issue No.19, pp 22-30, June 2014
[9]. Mohd Tahir, Anas Iqbal, Abdul Samee Khan, “A Review Paper of Various Filters for Noise Removal in MRI Brain Image,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 4, Issue 12, December 2016
[10]. P.Janani, J.Premaladha and K.S.Ravichandran,”Image Enhancement Techniques: A Study”, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 8, Issue 22, pp 1-12, September 2015
[11]. K.DeviPriyaa, G.SasibhushanaRaob, P.S.V.SubbaRaoa,” Comparative Analysis of Wavelet Thresholding Techniques with Wavelet-Wiener Filter on ECG Signal”, 4th International Conference on Recent Trends in Computer Science & Engineering, Volume 87,pp178-183,2016
[12]. R. Bouchouareb and D. Benatia,” Comparative Study between Wavelet Thresholding Techniques (Hard, Soft, and Invariant-translation) in Ultrasound Images” International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology Vol.6, No. 6 pp.29-38,2014
[13]. Afrah Ramadhan1, Firas Mahmood2 and Atilla Elci3,” IMAGE DENOISING BY MEDIAN FILTER IN WAVELET DOMAIN” The International Journal of Multimedia & Its Applications (IJMA) Vol.9, No.1,pp31-40, February 2017
[14]. https://radiology.ucsf.edu/blog/neuroradioly/exploring-the-brain -is-ct-or-mri-better-for-brain-imaging

Saylee Lad, Dr. Prof M. S. Panse “Comparative Evaluation of Rician Noise Denoising Techniques for MRI Images” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 71-73 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/71-73.pdf

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Human Personality and Stress: It’s Management
Sapna Vyas – February 2018 – Page No.: 74-79

The process of change and innovation often new and increased pressures on the people involved. Stress must be understood as a state of tension experienced by individuals facing extraordinary demands, constraints, or opportunities. Stress may be referred to an unpleasant state of emotional, physiological arousal that people experience in situation that they perceive as dangerous or threatening to their well-being. The word stress means different things people. Some define stress as events or situations that cause them to feel tension, pressure, or negative emotions such as anxiety and anger. Others views stress as the response to these situations. These responses include physiological changes- such as increased heart rate and muscle tension as well as emotional and behavioral changes. However, most psychologists regard stress as process involving a person’s interpretation and response to threatening event.

Page(s): 74-79                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 06 March 2018

 Sapna Vyas
Department of Business Administration, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur Rajasthan, India

[1]. Beth Azar, A new stress paradigm for women, July 2000 vol 31, www.americanpsychologyassoication.com
[2]. Duane Schultz and Sydney Ellen Schultz, Psychology & Work Today 8th edition.
[3]. Frederic luskin, Ken Pelletier, Stress Free for good (2009)
[4]. Jane Russell, Deal with Stress. (2010)
[5]. Kiva Bottero, Mindfulness courses that help practitioners reduce stress and relax, www.naturalnews.com. August 04, 2012.
[6]. Kristina Orth-Gomer, Women Stress & Heart Disease.
[7]. Martin Kwasi Abiemo, Literature Review on Stress Management.
[8]. Neil Schneiderman, Phillip McCabe, Andrew Baum, Stress and Disease Processes.
[9]. Ravi K Wadhwan, A Democratic attitude helps reduce stress. The time of India.
[10]. Terry looker, Manage Your Stress for a Happier Life. (2011)
[11]. Udai Pareek, Understanding Organization Behavior.
[12]. Vera Peiffer, 20 minutes to master? Stress Management (2013)
[13]. www.apa.com
[14]. www.mediacalnewstoday.com
[15]. www.speakingtree.com

Sapna Vyas “Human Personality and Stress: It’s Management” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 74-79 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/74-79.pdf

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Market Analysis of Branded Apparel and Brand Stores
Dr. Subramaniam Seshan, Nilima Kanojiya – February 2018 – Page No.: 80-84

Brand is essentially the sum of all experiences related to the product, service, and companies that make and deliver the product. Brand perceptions are shaped by functional experiences (i.e. speed, quality, reliability, ease of use) as well as emotional experiences (i.e. make me feel better, improve my performance, make my life/job more gratifying or easier) the customer associates with the product and company.
The apparel market in our country has undergone a transformational phase over the past few years due to growing number of working groups, changing fashion trends, increasing level of information, media exposure and entry of big brand names. Regular Consumer is not only confined to traditional tailored cloths, but now trying different brands of ready to wear and branded materials & apparels. Consumer expenditure on clothing in our country after the 1991 reforms has shown a consistent increase. It is projected that consumer expenditures on clothing will increase from 27 million USD in 2009 to 77 million USD in 2020 (Euro monitor, 2010).
SCOPE OF THE STUDY – The scope of this study is limited to Nagpur city and the information will be collected from the urban population of city between the age group of 20-50 with respect to acceptance of branded apparels and brand stores for analyzing respective market. In this study, a qualitative approach was used to understand the why Nagpur is becoming retail and brand store hub with remarkable pace. Data collection took place in Nagpur city.

Page(s): 80-84                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 March 2018

 Dr. Subramaniam Seshan
Associate Professor, Datta Meghe Institute of Management Studies, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

 Nilima Kanojiya
Alumni, Datta Meghe Institute of Management Studies, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

[1]. Ailwadi Kusum L & Kevin Lane Keller (2004), “Understanding retail branding: conceptual insight and research priorities” Journal of Retailing, 80, 331-42.
[2]. Baltas, G., & Doyle, P. (1998). An empirical analysis of private brand demand recognizing heterogeneous preferences and choice dynamics. The Journal of the Operational Research Society, 49(8), 790-798
[3]. Batra, R., &Sinha, I., (2000). Consumer level factors moderating the success of private label brands across product categories, Journal of Retailing, 76(2), 175-191
[4]. Collins A, Burt S (2003). Market Santions, Monitoring and vertical coordination with retailer manufacturer relationships: the case of retail brand suppliers, Eur. J. Mark. 37 (5/6): 668-689.
[5]. Hoch, Stephen J. and Shumeet Banerji (1993). “When Do Private Labels Succeed?” Sloan Management Review, 34(4), Summer, pp. 57-67.
[6]. Labeaga J, Lado N, Martos M (2007) Behavioral loyalty toward store brands, J. Retailing Consumer Serv. 1 (1): 1-10
[7]. Dr. Rajesh Kesari; Abhishek Kumar Srivastatava International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services & Management Research Vol.1 Issue 7, July 2012, ISSN 2277 3622
[8]. Veronica Liljandera, Pia Polsaa, and Allard van Riel , Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services,2009, Vol. 16, No 4, 281-290.
[9]. Sonal Kureshi, Vandana Sood , Abraham Koshy Working Paper No. (2007-08-02) August 2007
[10]. AC Nielsen, 2003. Europe, US still largest private label markets, but other regions
[11]. Seeing huge growth fuelled by retailer expansion. Canadian Corporate News,
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[13]. Sandeep Kumar Machavolu, Shoppers Perception towards Store Brands of Reliance Retail, International Journal of Research in Commerce and Management, 62-65.
[14]. Marketing Management By-Philip Kotler.
[15]. Ms. Jaya Nema & Ms. Neha Bhopatkar , Presented at BM College of Management and Research, Indore
[16]. Consumer Markets in India –the next big thing?–KPMG report September 2005.
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[18]. SAHAY, A. & SHARMA, N., (2010, March). Brand Relationships and switching behavior for Highly Used Products in Young Consumers. Vikalpa, 35(1), pp.15-30.

Dr. Subramaniam Seshan, Nilima Kanojiya “Market Analysis of Branded Apparel and Brand Stores” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 80-84 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/80-84.pdf

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Synthesis of (6E)-1-(1-Benzyl-3-Methyl-1H -Pyrazole-5 (4H) Ylidene) Hydrazine Derivatives
J P Paul – February 2018 – Page No.: 85-87

Heterocyclic bearing Nitrogen and Sulphur atoms constitute the core structure of a number of biologically interesting compounds. pyrazole derivatives are well established in the literature as important biologically active heterocyclic compounds[7] these derivatives are the subject of many research studies due to their wide spread potential biological activities. A number of pyrozole-Hydrazine derivatives are used for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.

Page(s): 85-87                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 March 2018

 J P Paul
Asst. Prof., Department of Chemistry Ganapathy Engineering College ,Warangal (dist), Telangana, India

[1]. A.K.Mukherjee and R.Ashare “Isothiocyanates in the Chemistry of Heterocycles,” Chemical Review, Vol.91, No.1, 1991, pp.1-24.
[2]. S.I.El-Desoky, H.A.Etman, S.B.Bondock, A.A.Fadda and M.A.Metwally, “Utility of Isothiocyanates in Heterocyclic Synthesis,” Sulfur Letter, Vol.25, No.5, 2002 Page No.199 – 205.
[3]. S.I.El-Desoky, S.B.Bondock, H.A.Etman, A.A.Fadda and M.A.Metwally, “Synthesis of Some new Thiazole Derivatives of Pharmaceutical Interest”, Sulfur Letter, Vol.26, No.3, 2003, Page No. 127- 135.
[4]. K.N.Zelenin, O.V.Solod, V.V.Alekseev, T.I.Pekhk, O.B.Kuznetsova, P.B.Terentev and A.G.Kalandarishvili, Synthesis of Pyrazole, 1,3,4-Thiadiazole and 1,2,4-Triazole Derivatives by Condensation of 1,3-Dioxo Compounds with Thiosemicarbazide derivatives”, Journal Chemistry Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol.26,2004, Page No.1051-1060.
[5]. M.E.A.Zaki, A.A.Fadda, Kh.Samir and F.A.Amer, “Nitriles in Organic Synthesis: A Convenient Route to Some Heterocycles incorporating a Benzothiazole Moeity”, Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements, Vol.181, Page No.1815-1823.
[6]. A.A.Fadda, H.A.Etman, A.A.Sarhan and S.A.El-Hadidy, “Synthesis of Novel 1 2,3,4-Tetrahydrocarbazole Derivatives of Biological Interest,” Phosphorous, Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements. .
[7]. Ali Fadda, E. Abdel-Latif and R. E. El-Mekawy, “Synthesis of Some New Arylazothiophene and Arylazopyrazole Derivatives as Antitumor Agents,” Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2012, pp. 148-157.
[8]. William J. Coates; Brian H. Warrington, both of Welwyn Garden City, England process for preparing 6-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyridazinone

J P Paul “Synthesis of (6E)-1-(1-Benzyl-3-Methyl-1H -Pyrazole-5 (4H) Ylidene) Hydrazine Derivatives” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 85-87 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/85-87.pdf

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Life Shell’ – A Fturistic Proposition under Social Impact Based Green Building Projects
Prof. Abhi Mitra, Maitri Navdiya, Mohit Tulsani, Jenish Langalia – February 2018 – Page No.: 88

In today’s time with life becoming so very busy on day to day basis, it is becoming immensely difficult for one to lead a peaceful life. The competition observed now a day is cut-throat and therefore the same gets implied to the pressure that professional and individuals need to face, doesn’t really matter if they are working for others or themselves. Apart from that if we take into concern countries like India that seems to be immensely populated and also mismanaged when it comes to environmental problems, these problems tend to add more to the irony of making one’s life more tensed than ever. Apart from this there are a lot of other problems like excessive urbanization, vehicular traffic etc. causing excessive congestion making it difficult to have spaces allotted for recreational and peace gathering purposes. Taking all these things together and analyzing the effects we tend to get an observation that there have severe health affects in form of lifestyle diseases also the life of those who are either living below poverty line or are poor people are exponentially intending to get vulnerable to diseases and at an adverse level even get their lives destroyed.

Page(s): 88                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 11 March 2018

 Prof. Abhi Mitra
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

 Maitri Navdiya
UG Student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

 Mohit Tulsani
UG Student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

 Jenish Langalia
UG Student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Gyanmanjari Institute of Technology, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

References are Not available.

Prof. Abhi Mitra, Maitri Navdiya, Mohit Tulsani, Jenish Langalia “Life Shell’ – A Fturistic Proposition under Social Impact Based Green Building Projects” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 2, pp. 88 February 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-2/88.pdf

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