Volume V Issue I

QSAR and Molecular Modeling Studies on a Series of Inflenza Neuraminidase Inhibitors with Cyclohexene Scaffold

Neelu Singh – January 2018 Page No.: 01-10

QSAR (Quantitative structure-activity relationship) and molecular modeling studies have been performed on a series of influenza neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors with cyclohexene scaffold. The QSAR model shows that the activity of compounds would be a function of their molecular size, but very large molecule may create steric problem. The drug-receptor interaction might involve dispersion interaction. Using the QSAR model some new compounds with cyclohexene scaffold actind as NA inhibitors have been predicted. Except a few compounds, all other predicted compounds have as good docking scores as the well known NA inhibitor, Zanamivir. The most active compound among the predicted ones is shown to have almost same number of hydrogen bonding with the enzyme as the Zanamivir.

Page(s): 01-10                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 January 2018

 Neelu Singh
Department of Applied Sciences, Sagar Institute of Research and Technology-Excellence, Bhopal-462041, India

[1]. Colman, P. M.( 1989) In The Influenza Viruses: Influenza Virus Neuraminidase, Enzyme and Antigen; Krug, R.M.,Ed.;Plenum Press: New York,; pp175-218.
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Neelu Singh “QSAR and Molecular Modeling Studies on a Series of Inflenza Neuraminidase Inhibitors with Cyclohexene Scaffold” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.01-10 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/01-10.pdf

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SVM Based Detection for Diabetic Retinopathy
V. Ramya – January 2018 – Page No.: 11-13

The human eye is an organ which gives a feeling of sight. Diabetic Retinopathy is a most basic diabetic eye infection which is a main source of visual impairment in India. Diabetic Retinopathy is a sickness in which the retinal veins swell and it might even break. This harms the retina of the eye and may prompt vision misfortune if the level of diabetes is high. Early determination of Diabetic Retinopathy can counteract vision misfortune in patients. The technique proposed in this paper for discovery of Diabetic Retinopathy infection level accentuates on assurance of two imperative sorts of Diabetic Retinopathy; Haemorrhages and Exudates. These sorts can be removed utilizing fundus images of patients and handling these fundus pictures through a proper picture preparing method. In light of the nearness of these sorts and their sum in the fundus images will decide the level of Diabetic Retinopathy in patients.

Page(s): 11-13                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 January 2018

 V. Ramya
Assistant Professor, Department of ECE, Saranathan College of Engineering, Trichy, India

[1] Osare, A et al. (2009). A Computational Intelligence Based Approach for Detection of Exudates in Diabetic Retinopathy Images. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine. 13(4), pp.535-545.
[2] Agurto, C et al. (2010). Multiscale am-fm methods for diabetic retinopathy lesion detection. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging. 29(2), pp.502-512.
[3] Giancardo, L et al. (2011). Textureless macula swelling detection with multiple retinal undusimages. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 58(3), pp.795–799.
[4] GeethaRamani, R. (2012). Data Mining Method of Evaluating Classifier Prediction Accuracy in Retinal Data. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research.
[5] JayaKumari, C, & Maruthi, R. (2012). Detection of Hard Exudates in Color Fundus Images of the Human Retina. Procedia Engineering. Vol. 30, pp.297-302.
[6] Li Yafen. (2013). Automated dentification of Diabetic Retinopathy Stages Using Support Vector Machine. In: Proceeding of the 32nd Chinese Control Conference 2013.

V. Ramya “SVM Based Detection for Diabetic Retinopathy” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.11-13 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/11-13.pdf

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Sexual Harassment Cause Stress: It’s Effects & Consequences
Sapna Vyas – January 2018 – Page No.: 14-18

The problem of sexual harassment is increasingly “coming out of the closet”. Companies are starting to realize that the problem is real; some managers are admitting that it could affect their staff, and more victims are starting to gather the courage to complain. And in terms of recent labor legislation, victims do have legal recourse. Everybody wants to work for making life more luxurious and financially secure. Men and women both are earning and doing well on their workplaces. Technologies changes are accepting. People are not afraid anymore from new changes in environment. Workplace is become very important part of life. Every organization is working on their human power and tries to make them more efficient in their work. Organizations provide good working condition, positive environment, supportive colleagues and giving good remuneration etc. These facilities are enough when workplace is full of good people. In this article I am trying to explain effects of stress, stress due to sexual harassment. Sexual harassment has been theorized as a stress or with consequences for the physical and mental health of its targets. Though social scientists have documented a negative association between sexual harassment and mental health, few longitudinal studies have investigated the association between sexual harassment and depressive symptoms. Today many companies are unprepared to deal with actual cases of sexual harassment and undertake adequate and fair investigation any allegations. They are also faced with challenge to answer.

Page(s): 14-18                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 January 2018

 Sapna Vyas
Research Scholar, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

[1]. Arpinder Singh and Kanika Bhutani, Www.itsmyascent.com.
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[15]. www.womensweb.com

Sapna Vyas “Sexual Harassment Cause Stress: It’s Effects & Consequences” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 14-18 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/14-18.pdf

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Evolution of Communication
Sandhya.R – January 2018 – Page No.: 19-20

Our present state of the world in which we live is, because of certain systems like social, political, economic, religious………etc. all these wove together into a complex structure called society. We live in what has been called the ‘Informatic Age’ the electronic media bombards our sense with all sorts of sounds and pictures bytes. The advent of globalisation and privatisation is injecting changes in our life styles. In the borderless world that we are moving, competition is fierce, be it in resource management or in capturing markets. Globalization has opened up fantastic opportunities not only for trade and technology transfer but also for the technician engineers, accountants and managers….all these began with the art of communication. It is as old as mankind itself. It is older than the written word or even the spoken word. Human beings learnt to communicate much before they learnt to speak, read or write. People learnt to express themselves from sounds, grunts, actions, signs, gestures. Different theories regarding the origin of language or speech, the main theories are the bow-wow, the pooh – pooh, the ding dong, the gesture, the yo-he-yo, the musical, the contact.

Page(s): 19-20                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 January 2018

 Sandhya.R
Assistant Professor, Department of English, AITS, Tirupati, India

[1]. William J.Long, English Literature, A.I.T.B.S publishers (2003)
[2]. Indrajit Bhattacharya, An Approach to Communication Skills, Educational &Technical publishers (2010)
[3]. Moore, Ninja-Jo, et al. Nonverbal Communication: Studies and Applications. New York, Oxford University Press, (2010).

Sandhya.R “Evolution of Communication” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 19-20 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/19-20.pdf

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A Survey on Region Identification of Rice Diseases Using Image Processing
Lipsa Barik – January 2018 – Page No.: 21-23

In this paper, we presents a rigorous survey on different image processing technique used to identify various rice leaf diseases. India is the second largest country producing of rice. An estimated 70% of indian economy depends on agriculture. Since, growing indian population, which is increasingly depends on the agriculture. Production of crops must be enhanced. A crops disease has financially strike the society. Crops diseases have caused huge economic losses in each countries. Normal human vision cannot detect the disease more accurately. Therefore, an alternative system is required. Where, a low cost but technology dependent system is required. The best alternative is nothing but image processing as it provides results than any other techniques.

Page(s): 21-23                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 January 2018

 Lipsa Barik
Department of Electronics, Sambalpur University / Sambalpur University Institute of Information Technology (SUIIT), India

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[13]. Franz. E., Gebhardt, M.R., and Unklesbay, K.B., “Shape description of completely visible and partially occluded leaves fro identifying plants in digital images”, Trans, ASAE 4(2), USA, 1991, pp. 673-681.

Lipsa Barik “A Survey on Region Identification of Rice Diseases Using Image Processing” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 21-23 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/21-23.pdf

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Non-Destructive Techniques for Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Concrete Structures- A Review
Chandak N. R. and Chawla Ashish – January 2018 – Page No.: 24-27

In this paper, we presents a rigorous survey on different image processing technique used to identify various rice leaf diseases. India is the second largest country producing of rice. An estimated 70% of indian economy depends on agriculture. Since, growing indian population, which is increasingly depends on the agriculture. Production of crops must be enhanced. A crops disease has financially strike the society. Crops diseases have caused huge economic losses in each countries. Normal human vision cannot detect the disease more accurately. Therefore, an alternative system is required. Where, a low cost but technology dependent system is required. The best alternative is nothing but image processing as it provides results than any other techniques.

Page(s): 24-27                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 16 January 2018

 Chandak N. R.
Professor, Dept. of Civil Engg. NMIMS, MPSTME, Shirpur, M.S, India

 Chawla Ashish
Asst. Professor, Dept. of Civil Engg. NMIMS, MPSTME, Shirpur, M.S, India

[1]. IS13311 (Part-2), Non Destructive testing of concrete -methods of test, Rebound Hammer, Bureau of Indian Standard, New Delhi, India
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[7]. Naik, T.R., Malhotra, V.M., and Popovics, I.S., (2004). The ultrasonic pulse velocity method. J. Const. and Building Mat., 26(1), 21-60.
[8]. Concrete Institute of Australia, 2008.Non-destructive Testing of Concrete Handbook, Sydney.
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[10]. Turgut, P., and Kucuk, O.F.,(2006). Comparative relationships of direct, indirect, and semi-direct ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements in concrete. Russian J. of Non-destructive Testing, 42(11), 741-751.
[11]. Hoła,J., Bien,L., Sadowski, L. And Schabowicz, K.,(2015). Non-destructive and semi-destructive diagnostics of concrete structures in assessment of their durability. Bulletin of the Polish Aca.of Sci. Tech. Sci., 63(1), 87-96.
[12]. Crevello Gina, Hudson Nancy and Noyce Paul,(2015). Corrosion condition evaluations of historic concrete icons. Case Studies in Const. Mat. 2, 2-10.
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[18]. Rehman Sardar Kashif, Ibrahim Zainah, Memon Shazim Ali, Jameel Mohammed,(2016).Non-destructive test methods for concrete bridges: A review. J. of Const. and Build. Materials, 107,58-86.
[19]. Shariati Mahdi, Ramli-Sulong Nur Hafizah, Mohammad Mehdi Arabnejad K.H, Payam Shafigh and Sinaei Hamid,(2011). Assessing the strength of reinforced concrete structures through ultrasonic pulse velocity and Schmidt rebound hammer tests. Scientific Research and Essays,6 (1), 213-220.
[20]. Bilgehan, M and Turgut, P.,(2010). The use of neural networks in concrete compressive strength estimation. J. Computers and Con. 7(3), 271-283.
[21]. Mcglone, V.A., 1990. Non-destructive testing in New Zealand building industry: review and developments,” Proceedings of 6th Asia-Pacific Conference on Non-destructiveTest, Blenheim, New Zealand.
[22]. Shih Yi-Fan, Wang Yu-Ren, Lin Kuo-Liang and Chen Chin-Wen,(2015). Improving non-destructive concrete strength tests using support vector machines. J. Materials, 8, 7169-7178.
[23]. J. Alexander Bogas, M. Glória Gomes, Augusto Gomes,(2013). Compressive strength evaluation of structural lightweight concreteby non-destructive ultrasonic pulse velocity method. Ultrasonics, 53, 962-972.

Chandak N. R. and Chawla Ashish “Non-Destructive Techniques for Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Concrete Structures- A Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 24-27 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/24-27.pdf

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Design of Low Cost Outdoor Surveillance System using MEMS

Rajesh Vyas, Saurabh Kumar Pandey – January 2018 Page No.: 28-30

The paper presents the innovative way to design a Surveillance system based on Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems and Sensors. MEMS is an enabling technology allowing the development of smart products, augmenting the computational ability of microelectronics with the perception and control capabilities of micro sensors and expanding the space of possible designs and applications This surveillance system colloquially known as MIRASS which stands for MEMS IR based airborne surveillance system which detects the remote detection of hazardous/radio active materials, real time IR and optical spectral graphic observation and inspection of critical assets like top secrete machines and devices.

Page(s): 28-30                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 January 2018

 Rajesh Vyas
Asst. Professor, Electronics and Communication Department, IES College of Technology, Bhopal (MP), India

 Saurabh Kumar Pandey
Asst. Professor, Electronics and Communication Department, IES College of Technology, Bhopal (MP), India

[1]. “Fundamentals of Micro Fabrication” Mark J. Madau CRC Press, Second edition, New York pp 238-256 (2002).
[2]. “High-Definition Surveillance Systems Using Low Cost FPGAs”DSP, Altera Corporation and Mankit Lo, CEO, EyeLytics (2005).
[3]. “A low cost and intelligent video Surveillance system” 12, rue de la fonderie, 7 1200 Le Creusot, France (2006).
[4]. “MEMS: Design and Fabrication”, Mohammad Gad-El-Hak, CRC Press, ISBN 0-8247-5824 (2005).

Rajesh Vyas, Saurabh Kumar Pandey “Design of Low Cost Outdoor Surveillance System using MEMS” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.28-30 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/28-30.pdf

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Voltammetric Detection of Cinnarizine at Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Modified Carbon Paste Electrode
Rajesh N. Hegde, Vishwanatha P, Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor – January 2018 – Page No.: 31-41

The voltammetric behaviour of cinnarizine was investigated. In pH 2.5 Britton-Robinson buffer, cinnarizine shows an irreversible oxidation peak at about 1.20 V at a carbon paste electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The cyclic voltammetric results indicate that carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with MWCNTs can remarkably enhance electro-catalytic activity towards the oxidation of cinnarizine. The electro-catalytic behavior was further exploited as a sensitive detection scheme for the cinnarizine by differential-pulse voltammetry. Under optimized conditions, the concentration range and detection limit are 8.0 x 10-9 to 4.5 x 10-7 M and 1.11 x 10-9 M respectively for cinnarizine. The developed method was successfully applied for detection of cinnarizine in pharmaceutical samples. The analytical performance of this sensor has been evaluated for detection of cinnarizine in urine as a real sample.

Page(s): 31-41                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 January 2018

 Rajesh N. Hegde
Department of Chemistry, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College (Autonomous), Ujire-574 240, India

 Vishwanatha P
Department of Chemistry, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College (Autonomous), Ujire-574 240, India

 Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor
P.G. Department of Studies in Chemistry, Karnatak University, Dharwad-580 003, India

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Rajesh N. Hegde, Vishwanatha P, Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor “Voltammetric Detection of Cinnarizine at Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Modified Carbon Paste Electrode” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.31-41 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/31-41.pdf

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Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory Muscle Strength and Functional Capacity on Hemiparetic Patients
Shrisruthi.S, N.Ashok – January 2018 – Page No.: 42-45

BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle weakness is commonly found in neurologicalpatients and respiratory strength can be found out using the Maximum Expiratory Pressure, Maximum Inspiratory Pressure and functional capacity with Six Minute Walk Test.
OBJECTIVE: To find out respiratory muscle training over respiratory muscle strength and functional capacity in hemi paretic patients.
METHODOLOGY: Study design Quasi-Experimental, study type pre and post-test type. Inclusion criteria: both men and women were included, Age 40-65.Exclusion criteria: recent fracture and surgeries. The samples are collected about 14 according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Samples are analysed with Respiratory Pressure Meter and Six Minute Test.
RESULTS: This results shows respiratory muscle strength and functional capacity has improved in 6-week training protocol.
CONCLUSION: From this study it is concluded that respiratory muscle training is effective for improving the respiratory muscle strength and functional capacity in hemi paretic patients.

Page(s): 42-45                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 January 2018

 Shrisruthi.S
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India
 N.Ashok
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

Not available

Shrisruthi.S, N.Ashok “Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory Muscle Strength and Functional Capacity on Hemiparetic Patients” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 42-45 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/42-45.pdf

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Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation over Gastrocnemius Muscle Spasticity among Hemiparetic Patients
G .Manigandan, K. Bharathi – January 2018 – Page No.: 46-52

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a condition in which Spasticity in the body musculature greatly affect the functional independence of the patients. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is one of the useful modality to reduce Spasticity.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation over Gastrocnemius muscle spasticity among hemiparetic patients.
STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study design, pre and post type.
PROCEDURE: Ten subjects were randomly allocated into two groups (Group A and Group B). For 5 subjects in Group A, conventional therapy was given (Passive stretching and Passive range of motion). For other 5 subjects in Group B, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation was applied over belly of Gastrocnemius muscle for 60 minutes at 100 Hz frequency, 200 microseconds of pulse width with 2 or 3 times sensory threshold along with conventional therapy was given. Modified Ashworth Scale was measured before and after the treatment.
RESULTS: The TENS group showed a significant reduction in spasticity of Gastrocnemius, compared to the conventional group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: On the basis of this study, it shows that application of TENS over Gastrocnemius, can reduce the muscle spasticity in stroke patients.

Page(s): 46-52                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 January 2018

 G. Manigandan
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India
  K. Bharathi
B.P.T, M.I.A.P, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

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G .Manigandan, K. Bharathi “Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation over Gastrocnemius Muscle Spasticity among Hemiparetic Patients” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 46-52 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/46-52.pdf

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Potent Chitinolytic Activity of a Marine Actinomycete, Rhodococcus Sp. SVL Isolated from Soils of Nizampatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Raja Hima Bindhu Madasu , Vijayalakshmi Muvva and Lakshmi Hima Bindu Madasu – January 2018 – Page No.: 53-58

Eight predominant actinomycetes strains isolated from the marine soil samples collected from Nizampatnam coast of Andhra Pradesh demonstrated high chitinase activity on Colloidal chitin agar medium with average clearing zone of 20mm. A study was undertaken to screen these isolates for the production of chitinase. One of the strain produced higher amount of chitinase enzyme relative to the other strains thus the strain was identified based on 16s rDNA sequencing and designated as Rhodococcus sp. SVL. It grew maximally in shake flask and produced significant amount of chitinase at 35°C, pH 7.0. It has also shown a pronounced inhibitory activity against phytopathogenic fungi such as Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani. This is the first report of chitinase production from Rhodococcus sp.

Page(s): 53-58                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 January 2018

 Raja Hima Bindhu Madasu
Department of Botany and Microbiology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur – 522510, A. P., India

 Vijayalakshmi Muvva
Department of Botany and Microbiology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur – 522510, A. P., India

 Lakshmi Hima Bindu Madasu
Department of Microbiology, Govt. Degree college for Women, Guntur-522002, A. P., India

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Raja Hima Bindhu Madasu , Vijayalakshmi Muvva and Lakshmi Hima Bindu Madasu “Potent Chitinolytic Activity of a Marine Actinomycete, Rhodococcus Sp. SVL Isolated from Soils of Nizampatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 53-58 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/53-58.pdf

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Correlation of Trunk Muscle Endurance in Different Body Mass Index among College Student
K.Bharathi, S. Sathyapriya – January 2018 – Page No.: 59-62

I. INTRODUCTION
It is one of the fundamental elements of muscular performance which has its relevance to activities like bending and lifting activities of daily living, being examples of activities in which the ability to resist fatigue in trunk extensors, especially in an industrial setting2. In order to maintain proper position of spine the back extensors are responsible to maintain lordos is thus controlling rate and flexion magnitude with the ground reaction forces3. Endurance (a measure of fitness) is the ability to work for prolonged periods of time and the ability to resist fatigue. It includes muscular endurance and cardio vascular endurance. Muscular endurance is defined as the ability to perform repeated contractions over a period of time for an isolated group of muscle, whereas as cardiovascular endurance is defined as the ability to perform dynamic exercises for larger muscle groups, such as walking swimming, or biking for long periods of time. Low back pain occurs as a result of trunk muscle with the poor endurance in the lumbar spine which induce strain on the passive structures4. For people with low back pain there is a lower muscular endurance when compared to people not with the low back pain5. The inactivity and pain make trunk muscles fatigue under normal conditions and hindering to act continuously throughout the day and trunk muscle with lower endurance contributes to low back pain6. To prevent lumbar pain, the endurance of the stabilizers is most important and there is a poor association between the spinal health and strength of lumbar stabilizers2,7. To maintain spinal stability, motor control is an important factor and motor control errors arise with increase in reduced endurance and fatigue which occurs as a result of improper muscle forces4. To improve performance and to reduce disability subsequently the training of trunk muscle endurance is recommended with increased fatigue threshold5. For the aetiology of low back pain , trunk extensors with poor endurance have not only been implicated but also been with the occurrence of low back pain for the first time4,6. Muscle endurance is the ability to exert a force repeatedly against a resistance performing with multiple repetitions for a group of muscles as like swimming or running. Decreased lumbar pelvic or core stability has been suggested to contribute to the aetiology of lower extremity injuries, particularly in females. Students who reported low back pain were found to have trunk extensor with decreased endurance14. And this found to be the predictor of LBP11,12. In trunk muscle endurance deficits there occurs an imbalance of flexion and extension trunk muscle endurance. The imbalance of flexion and extension endurance is associated with the cause of low back pain proving that extensor having with less endurance than flexor19. This testing procedure provides clinician a time intensive, expensive. Trunk muscle endurance testing is necessary for two reasons. One, these muscles are predominantly muscle fibers with type I16, 17 that appears to occur as a result of deconditioning which is more anaerobic. Two, isometric strength of trunk muscles maximum was not associated with low back pain in an athlete. The term endurance training generally refers to training the aerobic system as opposed to anaerobic. First, Hansen in 1964 described the evaluation of isometric of trunk muscle endurance and later in 1984 it is followed Biering Sorensen which was known as the ‘Sorensen test’ and considered as a popularity tool for low back pain in males within next years25. This consists of measuring a person’s amount of time that enable him to hold the unsupported upper body in a horizontal prone position fixing the body to the examining table.

Page(s): 59-62                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 18 January 2018

 K.Bharathi
B.P.T, M.I.A.P, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

 S. Sathyapriya
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

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K.Bharathi, S. Sathyapriya “Correlation of Trunk Muscle Endurance in Different Body Mass Index among College Student” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 59-62 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/59-62.pdf

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Design Strength and Structural Behaviour of Cold Formed Steel Plain Angle Members Subjected to Tension Load
Paul Makesh.A, Arivalagan.S – January 2018 – Page No.: 63-69

Cold formed steel is a basic components in construction of lightweight prefabricated structures like stud frame panels, trusses and prefabricated structures. Typically columns, beams and angles etc. are different globally. This research work deals with the details of an Experimental on cold-formed steel section subjected to tension load. This analysis carries single angle sections of 3mm and 4mm and double angles sections of 3mm and 4mm under plain (without Lipped) and with Lipped conditions subjected to tension. The papers present the load carrying capacity of single angles lipped section increases by 26% in 3mm and double angles by 29% in 3mm compare with plain angles in 4mm. Analyses were carried out for thirty six numbers of angle sections under condition such as Lipped were connected same side to gusset plate and connected to opposite side. Simultaneously, ultimate compressive strength of cold formed members has been investigated.

Page(s): 63-69                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 31 January 2018

 Paul Makesh.A
Research Scholar, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute University, Chennai, India

Arivalagan.S
HOD of Civil Engg, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute University, Chennai, India

[1]. Kulak, L.Geoffrey, WuYue Eric, Shear lag in bolted angle tension, journal of structural Engineering, Vol 123, No.9, Sep, ASCE, and paper No.12749, 2005.
[2]. Valdeir Franscisco de Paula, Luciano Mended Bezerrab and William Taylor Matias, Efficiency reduction due to shear lag on bolted cold-formed steel angles, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol.64, 2008, pp, 571-583.
[3]. Chi – Ling pan, (2004), “Prediction of the strength of bolted cold – formed channel sections in tension”, Thin walled structures, Vol 42, pp 1177 – 1198.
[4]. Chi-Ling Pan, (2006), Shear Lag Effect on Bolted L-Shaped Cold-Formed Steel Tension Members, Eighteenth International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures Orlando, Florida, U.S.A, October 26 & 27, pp.679-694.
[5]. Jaghan S and Padmapriya R, (2015), “Behavior of Bolted Cold Formed Steel Channel Tension Members”, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (BHRC), Vol.17, NO. 1, pp.137-146.
[6]. Kulak, G. and Wu, E. (1997). “Shear Lag in Bolted Angle Tension Members.” Journal of Structural Engineering, Volume 123, Issue 9, pp. 1144-1152.
[7]. Prabha P, Saravanan M, Marimuthu V And Arul Jayachandran S,(2011), “Experimental Studies on Cold-Formed Steel Angle Tension Members”, Journal of Recent Researches in Geography, Geology, Energy, Environment and Biomedicine,Vol.1, Issue. 4, pp 236-241. 

Paul Makesh.A, Arivalagan.S “Design Strength and Structural Behaviour of Cold Formed Steel Plain Angle Members Subjected to Tension Load” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 63-69 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/63-69.pdf

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Investigation of Mechanical Properties and Wear Behavior of Lm 25 Aluminum Alloy Reinforced With Silicon Carbide and Activated Carbon
Shanawaz Patil, Robinson P, Madhu B P, Manjunath G, Kalyana Kumar M – January 2018 – Page No.: 70-77

Today the MMC’s have find wide applications in all the engineering fields due to their light weight and high strength parameters, especially in the field of automobile and mechanical industries The aluminium MMC have got wide applications due to their excellent mechanical properties. In automobile industries the LM 25 aluminium is used in manufacturing of alloy wheels, connecting rod, engine blocks, and engine heads etc. In LM25 if they are reinforced with Silicon carbide and Activated Carbon, their total weight can be reduced and mechanical properties can be improved. In this sense we have selected the LM 25 Al alloy is used as a matrix material, Silicon carbide and Activated Carbon as reinforcements. The mechanical test results revealed that the LM 25 MMC’s have excellent wear resistance. The composite has been produced by Liquid metallurgy technique (stir casting). The properties of chosen composite is compared with base metal for Tension, Compression, wear and Hardness. This paper is aimed at development of aluminium metal matrix composites with hybrid reinforcement. Here aluminium alloy (LM25) has been selected as base metal along with silicon carbide various weight ratio and 2% activated carbon (AC) have been taken as reinforcements to produce hybrid composite.

Page(s): 70-77                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 Shanawaz Patil
Research Scholars, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

 Robinson P
Research Scholars, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

 Madhu B P
Research Scholars, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

 Manjunath G
Research Scholar, Bangalore University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

 Kalyana Kumar M
Research Scholar, Bangalore University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

[1]. Satyanarayen, Dominic Roystan, and .Shreesaravanan,Tjey studied on Mechanical Properties of Aluminium LM25- Silocon Composites Fabricated Using Stir Casting Technique. International Journal of AdvancedResearch T International Journal of Advanced Research Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJARTET rends in Engineering and Technology (IJARTET) ISSN 2394-3785.
[2]. Md.Azhar Farooq Maniyar, B.S.Motgi,A study on microstructure and tribological characterstics of LM 25/Sic?Mica-hybrid MMC’s, IJOAR .org Volume 1, Issue 8, August 2013, Online: ISSN 2320-9135.
[3]. R. M. Arunachalamand, , R. SasikumarS,Suresh, Debadutta Mishra and A. Srinivasan. Production and characterization of micro and nano Al2O3 particle reinforced LM 25 Aluminium alloy composites. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences VOL. 6,NO.6,JUNE2011 ISSN 1819-6608 .
[4]. AnoopAgarwa, Harvinder Singh and Gurdyal Singh has studied the Impact Strength of RHA and Fly Ash Based Aluminum Composites. Production and characterization of micro and nano Al2O3 particle reinforced LM 25 Aluminium alloy composites. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences VOL. 6, JUNE 2011 ISSN 1819-6608 .
[5]. Kumarvel,Venktachalan and arunkumar studied the Microstructure and mechanicl properties of modified LM 25 Al alloy. International Journal of Advanced Technology in Engineering and Science Volume No 03, Special Issue No. 01, March 2015 (online): 2348 – 7550.
[6]. Eddy S.Siradj, Bondan T. Sofyan1,b, BambangSuharno and DwiRahmalina studied the Development of Steel Wire Rope Reinforced Aluminium Composite for Armour Material Using the Squeeze Casting Process.
[7]. DivakaraBaliga, Mohandas K N, T Anil Kumar Study of Machinability and Corrosion Behaviour of Al-Si-Mg Alloy Treated With Master Alloys B ISSN: 2319-5967 ISO 9001:2008 Certified International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015.
[8]. Akhilesh Jayakumar1, Mahesh Rangaraj, Property Analysis of Aluminium (LM-25) Metal Matrix Composite. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Website: www.ijetae.com (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 4, Issue 2, February 2014) 495.
[9]. Basavaraju.S ,Arasukumar.K, Dr.Chandrashekhar Bendigeri, Dr.C.K.UmeshStudies on Mechanical Properties and Tribological Characteristics of LM25- Graphite- Silicon Carbide and LM25-Flyash- Silicon Carbide – Hybrid MMC’s -November 2012
[10]. Mechanical properties of silicon based aluminium alloy November 2012,CMJ University, Shillong, Meghalaya, INDIA www.vsrdjournals.com
[11]. A.K. PrasadaRao, K. Das, B.S. Murty , M. Chakraborty Microstructural and wear behavior of hypoeutectic Al–Si alloy (LM25) grain refined nd modified with Al–Ti–C–Sr master alloy, , Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India www.elsevier.com
[12]. Evaluation of mechanical Properties of al 7075-fly ash, Composite material Deepak singla, s.r.mediratta , YIET/KUK, Jagadhri (Yamunanagar), Haryana, India
[13]. Microstructure, Mechanical properties and Dry Sliding Wear behaviour of Al-Si-Mg alloyReinforced with Graphite Amith.D.Gangadhar, M.H.Annaiah, T.G. Rajiv, Manjunatha B, Harendrakumar H.V , April 2013
[14]. [Mechanical properties and Dry sliding wear Behavior of A2014 reinforced with Alumina, april 2013
[15]. Surface roughness prediction model in end milling of Al/SiCp MMC by carbide tools R. Arokiadass, K. Palaniradja, N. Alagumoorthi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pondicherry Engineering Collegewww.ijest-ng.com.
[16]. Composite material-aluminium silicon alloy: a Review M. Dave, K. D. Kothari, RK university, Rajkot Gujrat , India,.International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJIRSET)

Shanawaz Patil, Robinson P, Madhu B P, Manjunath G, Kalyana Kumar M “Investigation of Mechanical Properties and Wear Behavior of Lm 25 Aluminum Alloy Reinforced With Silicon Carbide and Activated Carbon” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.70-77 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/70-77.pdf

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Capacitance Computation of a Charge Conducting Plate using Method of Moments
Kishore Maity – January 2018 – Page No.: 78-82

In this paper the capacitance of a charge conducting plate has been calculated using Method of Moments with MATLAB. The result is also compared with the Least Square Approximation to analyze the charge distribution of a metallic surface.

Page(s): 78-82                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 Kishore Maity
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, 13244-1240

[1] Roger F. Harrington ,“Field Computation by Moment Methods”, IEEE PRESS Series of Electromagnetics, New York, 1992..
[2] Xiaobo Liu, Zhaoxian Zeng, Jingsi Zhang, Rui Lu, Wei Li, Xiaoli Dong, and Anxue Zhang,“A Charge Mapping Method for the Capacitance of Conducting Plate”, IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol .27, No. 5, May 2017.
[3] M.Dhamodaran, Member, R.Dhanasekaran, “Efficient Capacitance Computation for Computational Electromagnetics,” IEEE Conference on Communication and Signal Processing, April 3-5, 2014, India.

Kishore Maity “Capacitance Computation of a Charge Conducting Plate using Method of Moments” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 78-82 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/78-82.pdf

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Effect of Medial Arch Support on Medial Joint Pain in Osteoarthritis Knee with Flat Foot-A Single Case Study
M. Anbupriya, V.Mohan, V.P.R.Sivakumar – January 2018 – Page No.: 83-89

Background: – Knee osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis) is a prevalent musculoskeletal condition worldwide and is a leading cause of knee pain and disability among elderly people. Of the three knee joint compartments, knee osteoarthritis is most commonly observed in the medial tibio-femoral joint. This is most likely due to the greater loads applied to this compartment (relative to the lateral) during walking.
Objective: – To evaluate the effect of medial arch support on reduction of pain in medial osteoarthritis knee patient with flat foot.
Study Design: – Experimental design, Single case study.
Subject: -Patient was selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study topic was explained to the patient and written concern was taken. The patient was provided with a medial arch support for a period of two months. The medial arch support was pasted in the patient’s footwear and was asked to wear it for a period of minimum 6 hours per day, at least 6 days a week. The medial arch support is made of silicon material with an average thickness of mm.
Results: -The study shows that there is an improvement in pain, symptoms, activities of daily living and quality of life in patients after the 8 week session of medial arch support.
Conclusion: – This case study aimed to evaluate the effects of non-customized prefabricated medial arch supports on medial joint pain in osteoarthritis patient with flat foot. Although a cause-and-effect relationship cannot be inferred from a case study, the outcomes achieved suggests medial arch support may have a substandard impact on the overall disease process in osteoarthritis knee on a long seen patient no immediate changes in the outcomes were evident with their use.

Page(s): 83-89                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 M. Anbupriya
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

 V.Mohan
Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

 V.P.R.Sivakumar
Dean, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

[1]. Kido, M., Ikoma, K., Imai, K., Tokunaga, D., Inoue, N., Kubo, T.,2013. Load response to themedial longitudinal arch in patients with flatfoot deformity: in vivo 3D study. Clin.Biomech. 28, 568–573.
[2]. Tini F, Williamson E, Forbes A, et al. Lateralwedge insoles for medial knee osteoarthritis: 12 months randomisedcontrolledtrial. BMJ 2011;18(342):d2912.
[3]. Chen, Y.C., Lou, S.Z., Huang, C.Y., Su, F.C., 2010. Effects of foot orthoses on gait pattern of flat feet patients. Clin. Biomech. 25, 265–270.
[4]. Murley GS, Menz HB, Landorf KB. A protocol for classifying normal- and flatarchedfoot posture for research studies using clinical and radiographic measurements.J Foot Ankle Res 2:22, 2009
[5]. Shakoor N, Lidtke RH, Sengupta M, Fogg LF, Block JA. Effectsof specialized footwear on joint loads in osteoarthritis of theknee. Arthritis Rheum 2008;59:1214–20.
[6]. Lim BW, Hinman RS, Wrigley TV, Sharma L, Bennell KL. Doesknee malalignment mediate the effects of quadriceps strengthening on knee adduction moment, pain, and functionin medial knee osteoarthritis? Arandomized controlled trial.Arthritis Care Res 2008;59:943e51
[7]. Hinman RS, Payne C, Metcalf BR, Wrigley TV, Bennell KL.Lateral wedges in knee osteoarthritis: what are their immediateclinical and biomechanical effects and can thesepredict a three-month clinical outcome? Arthritis Rheum2008;59:408_15.
[8]. Kulcu, D.G., Yavuzer, G., Sarmer, S., Ergin, S., 2007. Immediate effects of silicone insoles ongait pattern in patients with flexible flatfoot. Foot Ankle Int. 28, 1053–1056.
[9]. Lynn S, Reid S, Costigan P. The influence of gait patternon signs of knee osteoarthritis in older adults over a 5-1year follow-up period: a case study analysis. Knee 2007;14:22_8.
[10]. Thorp LE, Sumner DR, Block JA, Moisio KC, Shott S, Wimmer MA. Knee jointloading differs in individuals with mild compared to moderate medial kneeosteoarthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism 2006;54:3842–9.
[11]. Amin S, Luepongsak N, McGibbon CA, LaValley MP, KrebsDE, Felson DT. Knee adduction moment and development ofchronic knee pain in elders. Arthritis Rheum 2004;51:371–6.
[12]. Baliunas AJ, Hurwitz DE, Ryals AB et al. Increased knee joint loads during walking are present in subjectswith knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002;10:
[13]. Ledoux WR; Hillstrom HJ The distributed plantar vertical force of neutrally aligned and pesplanus feet Gait Posture;15(1):1-9, 2002 Feb..
[14]. Leung AK, Mak AF, Evans JH. Biomechanical gait evaluation of the immediate effect of orthotic treatment for flexible flat foot. Prosthet Orthot Int1998;22:25-34.
[15]. WernickE, Lowy LJ, Falcone J, Volpe RG.Guidelinesfor evaluation and management of five commo podo paediatric condition. Jounral of American Podiatric Medical Association1998;88:206-22.
[16]. Sharma L, Hurwitz DE, Thonar EJ et al. Knee adduction moment, serum hyaluronan level, and disease severity in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1998;41:1233_40.
[17]. orthotic treatment for flexible flat foot; Prosthetics and Orthotics International1998, Vol. 22, No. 1, Pages 25-34.
[18]. Brown M, Rudicel S, Esquenazi A. Measurement of dynamic pressures the shoe-foot interface during normal walking with foot orthoses using the FSCAN system. Foot Ankle Int 1996;17:152-
[19]. Aharonson Z, Arcan M, Steinback TV. Foot-ground pressure pattern of flexible flatfoot in children with and without correction of calcaneo valgus. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1992; 181:177-82.Connors JF

M. Anbupriya, V.Mohan, V.P.R.Sivakumar “Effect of Medial Arch Support on Medial Joint Pain in Osteoarthritis Knee with Flat Foot-A Single Case Study” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 83-89 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/83-89.pdf

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Reconstructing a Nonminimum Phase Response From Amplitude-Only Data of an Electromagnetic System
Kishore Maity and Tapan Kumar Sarkar – January 2018 – Page No.: 90-94

A general method is presented for reconstructing nonminimum phase from amplitude only data. The nonminimum phase is generated utilizing the nonparametric method.The advantage of this method is that no priori information is needed and no such choice of basis function is required as the solution procedure develops the nature of the solution. This is accomplished by the Hilbert Transform which is a very fundamental property of nature that the real and imaginary part of the nonminimum phase transfer function can satisfy the relationship. The application of this method has been applied to the some antenna radiation pattern and scattering parameters of microwave filters.

Page(s): 90-94                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 Kishore Maity
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, 13244-1240

 Tapan Kumar Sarkar
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, 13244-1240

[1] S. Narayana, S. M. Rao, R. Adve, T. K. Sarkar, V. C. Vannicola, M. Wicks, and S. Scott, “Interpolation/extrapolation of frequency responses using the Hilbert transform,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,” vol. 44, pp. 1621–1627, Oct. 1996.
[2] M. H. Hayes, “The reconstruction of a multidimensional sequence from the phase or magnitude of its Fourier transform,” IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech, Signal Processing, vol. ASSP-30, pp. 140–154, Apr. 1982.
[3] A. R. Djordjevic et al., Analysis of Wire Antennas and Scatterers. Norwood, MA: Artech House, 1990.
[4] Jie Yang,Jinhwan Koh, and Tapan K. Sarkar, “ReconstructingaNonminimumPhaseResponseFrom the Far-Field Power Pattern of an Electromagnetic System,” IEEE Trans. Of Antennas and Propagation, vol.53,No.2, Feb. 2005.
[5] Tapan K. Sarkar,and Bin Hu “Generation of Nonminimum Phase From Amplitude-Only Data,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,” vol. 46, No.8 , Aug. 1998.
[6] Tapan K. Sarkar, Magdalena Salazar-Palma and Eric L. Mokole, “Application of the Principle of Analytic Continuation to Interpolate/Extrapolate System Responses Resulting in Reduced Computations—Part B: Nonparametric Methods,” IEEE Journal on Multiscale and Multiphysics Computational Techniques ,vol.1, 2016.
[7] R. S. Adve and T. K. Sarkar, “Simultaneous time- and frequency-domain extrapolation,”IEEETrans.AntennasPropag.,vol.46,no.4,pp.484–493, Apr. 1998
[8] J. R. James and G. Andresic, “Comments on ‘On the use of the Hilbert transformforprocessingmeasuredCWdata’,”IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., vol. 35, no. 3, p. 408, Aug. 1993.
[9] T. R. Arabi, A. T. Murphy, and T. K. Sarkar, “An efficient technique for the time domain analysis of multi-conductor transmission lines using the Hilbert transform,” in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 1991, vol. 1, pp. 185–188.
[10] J. Koh, W. Lee, T. K. Sarkar, and M. Salazar-Palma, “Calculation of far-field radiation pattern using nonuniformly spaced antennas by a least square method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 1572– 1578, Apr. 2014
[11] Tapan K. Sarkar, Michael C. Wicks, Magdalena Salazar-Palma and Robert J. Bonneau, “Smart Antennas”, John Wiley & Sons, United States of America, 2003.
[12] Constantine A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory Analysis and design”, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997.
[13] David M. Pozar ,“Microwave Engineering”, Willey India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2013.

Kishore Maity and Tapan Kumar Sarkar “Reconstructing a Nonminimum Phase Response From Amplitude-Only Data of an Electromagnetic System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 90-94 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/90-94.pdf

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Immediate Effect of Myofascial Trigger Point Release on Chronic Neck Pain among Visual Display Terminal Operators
N.Ashok, M.C. Karthi – January 2018 – Page No.: 95-97

Background: Neck pain is a common health issue which is always accompanied with marked disability in the general population. Musculoskeletal complaints in the neck and upper extremity in computer work are common in modern society and both show an increasing trend. Individuals working at desks and computers, or individuals who drive for a long period of time are more prone to this condition.
Objective: This study is to evaluate the immediate effect of myofascial trigger point release on chronic neck pain among visual display terminal operators.
Study Design: Experimental Study.
Subjects: 40 subjects, age group between 20-35 years of both male and female.
Intervention: A total of 40 subjects received myofascial trigger point release with pre and post-test.
Outcome Measures: Neck disability index (NDI) & Visual analogue scale (VAS).
Results: Statistical analysis was done by using paired ‘t’ test which showed significant improvement in subjects.
Conclusion: The findings show that myofascial trigger release is effective in chronic neck pain.

Page(s): 95-97                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 N.Ashok
B.P.T, Clinical Therapist, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai 603202, India

 M.C. Karthi
Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai 603202, India

[1]. Fejer R, Kyvik KO, Hartvigsen J. The prevalence of neck pain in the world population: a systematic critical review of the literature. Eur Spine J. 2006;15(6):834-848.
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[16]. Fogelman Y, Kent J. Efficacy of dry needling for a treatment of myofascial pain syndrome. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2015; 28(1):173-179.
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[18]. Cagnie B, Dewitte V, Coppieters I, Van Oosterwijck J, Cools A, Danneels L. Effect of ischemic compression on trigger points in the neck and shoulder muscles in office workers: a cohort study. J ManipPhysiolTher. 2013;36(8):482-489.
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[23]. Effect of ischemic compression on trigger points in neck and shoulder muscles in office workers; a cohort study Musculoskeletal symptoms of upper extremities and the neck: a cross sectional study on prevalence and symptom predicting factor at visual display terminal operators.
[24]. Bergqvist v ,wolgast E ,nilsson B vossm influence of visual display operators work on musculo skeletal dis orders ,ergonomics 1995
[25]. Bergqvist v ,wolgast E ,nilsson B vossmmusculo skeletal disorder among visual display workers ;individual ,ergonomics and work organizational factors .
[26]. Nakazava T ,okubo Y ,suwazono Y ,kobeyachi E ,komine S ,kato N .nogawa , K .association between duration of daily visual display operators use and subjective symptoms 2002.
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N.Ashok, M.C. Karthi “Immediate Effect of Myofascial Trigger Point Release on Chronic Neck Pain among Visual Display Terminal Operators” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 95-97 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/95-97.pdf

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Compare The Effects of Low-Level Laser and Ultrasonic Therapy in Subjects with Jumper’s Knee

N.Ashok, S.Raghul, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar – January 2018 Page No.: 98-106

Background: There are many treatments given for Patellar tendinitis or Jumper’s knee which includes Anti-inflammatory Drugs, Massage, Eccentric training However, studies involving Low Level Laser Therapy for management of Patellar tendinitis or Jumper’s knee are limited to this date .
Objective: To find out compare the effects of low level laser and ultrasonic therapy in subjects with jumper’s knee.
Study design: Quasi experimental study design.
Subjects: 8 subjects with LASER with eccentric exercise, Ultrasound with eccentric exercise age group 19-30 years of both male and female.
Intervention: 4 subjects in the Group A received LASER and Eccentric exercise with pre and post-test and 4 subjects in Group B received Ultrasound with pre and post-test.
Outcome measure: Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and Victorian Institute of Sports Association for Patellar tendinopathy.
Results: Statistical analysis was done by using Paired‘t’ which showed significant improvement in both group.
Conclusion: Low level laser therapy has significant result in the reduction of pain and functional activity in patellar tendinitis.

Page(s): 98-106                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 N.Ashok
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai 603202, India

 S.Raghul
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai 603202, India

 Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai 603202, India

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N.Ashok, S.Raghul, Prof. V.P.R. Sivakumar “Compare The Effects of Low-Level Laser and Ultrasonic Therapy in Subjects with Jumper’s Knee” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.98-106 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/98-106.pdf

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Photoluminescence in Nanocrystalline Films of (Cd0.8-Zn0.2)S : Eu
Sandhya Pillai, Dev Jyoti Lilhare – January 2018 – Page No.: 107-110

Europium doped nanocrystalline films of (Cd0.8-Zn0.2)S are prepared by chemical bath deposition method (using capping agents) on glass substrates at different temperatures (60ºC, 80ºC and 100ºC). Their optical absorption spectra and photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra are studied and compared with that of the bulk film (prepared at 60ºC without capping agents). Blue shift in the absorption edge is observed in the nanocrystalline film in comparison to that of bulk indicating quantum confinement effect. The values of optical band gap obtained from Tauc’s plots have been found to be 2.41eV for the bulk film and in the range 2.81eV to 2.95eV for the different nanocrystalline films prepared at different temperatures. The value of band gap decreases with increasing bath temperature. The grain sizes obtained from these studies also lie in the nano range. Photoluminescence emission spectra show a shift in emission peak towards shorter wavelength suggesting particle size reduction. A less intense peak at around 615nm is also observed which may be due to the 5D0 –> 7F2 transition in Eu3+ ions. Emission intensity is maximum for deposition at 60º C.

Page(s): 107-110                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 Sandhya Pillai
Department of Physics, Christian College of Engineering and Technology, Kailash Nagar, Bhilai. (C.G.), India.

 Dev Jyoti Lilhare
Department of Physics, Christian College of Engineering and Technology, Kailash Nagar, Bhilai. (C.G.), India.

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Sandhya Pillai, Dev Jyoti Lilhare “Photoluminescence in Nanocrystalline Films of (Cd0.8-Zn0.2)S : Eu” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.107-110 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/107-110.pdf

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Influence of Flexibility in Posture among Obese Adolescent Collegiates
K.Bharathi, Sarathkumar – January 2018 – Page No.: 111-119

Background: A posture is a position of the body which is maintained by the balanced muscular forces on the skeletal system. The posture is affected by the imbalance between the muscle force and also by the reduction or increase in the muscle length.
Objective: To find the influence of flexibility in posture among obese adolescent collegiate.
Methodology: Non experimental, observational, convenient sampling, sample size was 100 subjects. Subjects of 17 to 18 years, more than 27 ratio of Asian BMI were included in the study. The exclusion criteria were any congenital or acquired musculoskeletal problems and the person who were going for regular fitness training.
Procedure: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria subjects were selected. The flexibility and posture assessment were taken and documented.
Results: Paired t test was used to analyze the relation between the posture and flexibility which shows that the subjects who were having frontal head deviations having reduced shoulder flexibility and the subjects who having frontal hip deviations having reduced hamstring flexibility(p<0.05).
Conclusion: The study concluded that the forward rounded shoulder is correlated with the reduced shoulder flexibility. Increase accumulation of fatty tissue on the anterior trunk creates the eccentric load on the hamstring muscles then it gets shortened and this causes compensatory pelvic and knee abnormal position. So the postural changes were more significant in the obese populations.

Page(s): 111-119                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 K.Bharathi
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

 Sarathkumar
SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankuthur- 603202, India

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K.Bharathi, Sarathkumar “Influence of Flexibility in Posture among Obese Adolescent Collegiates” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 111-119 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/111-119.pdf

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Conventional Vs Enhanced Sorting Algorithm: A Review

Pooja Gupta – January 2018 Page No.: 120-127

Sorting problem is one of the most antique problems of computer science. From the beginning of computation, algorithms for sorting problem has been derived and analyzed by many researchers. The first sorting algorithm derived was bubble sort (1956). Many useful sorting algorithms are continually being invented like Merge sort, Timsort (2002), Library sort (2006). A vast number of sorting algorithms and their enhancements exists in the literature. One would really like to know that these enhancements of sorting algorithms are actually better than the conventional sorting algorithms. For this purpose authors have taken a case of classical merge sort and enhanced merge sort algorithm proposed by paira et al [12]. authors have tested the performance of both the algorithms using different random number distributions and found that there is no significant difference between the algorithms.

Page(s): 120-127                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 Pooja Gupta
Assistant Professor, Uttaranchal University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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[18]. Paira, Smita, Anisha Agarwal, Sk Safikul Alam, and Sourabh Chandra. “Doubly Inserted Sort: A Partially Insertion Based Dual Scanned Sorting Algorithm.” In Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications, pp. 11-19. Springer, New Delhi, 2015.
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[22]. Al-Kharabsheh, Khalid Suleiman, Ibrahim Mahmoud AlTurani, Abdallah Mahmoud Ibrahim AlTurani, and Nabeel Imhammed Zanoon. “Review on sorting algorithms a comparative study.” International Journal of Computer Science and Security (IJCSS) 7, no. 3 (2013): 120-126.

Pooja Gupta “Conventional Vs Enhanced Sorting Algorithm: A Review” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.120-127 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/120-127.pdf

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A Sustainable Society: Its Meaning and Objectives
Abdul Hameed Siddiqui – January 2018 – Page No.: 128-131

Now a days there is a need to understand why Sustainable development is important, because it is now becoming more acceptable as a social goal. What a sustainable society might be like or how it might be created. However, remain elusive and vague. It is generally accepted that such a society must be widespread adoption of activities that are sustainable in economic, environmental and social terms. This paper explores the potential of social capital as a policy concept and the value of the concept for interpreting community dynamics, making strategies to enhance community relations and development and finally how we can build a more sustainable society.

Page(s): 128-131                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 02 February 2018

 Abdul Hameed Siddiqui
Assistant Professor, University Polytechnic (Civil Engineering Section), Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, 110025

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Abdul Hameed Siddiqui “A Sustainable Society: Its Meaning and Objectives” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.128-131 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/128-131.pdf

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Dynamic Analysis of Flat Slab System in Vertical Irregular Building with & without Shear Wall
Anshuman Nimade, Niraj Soni, Mahesh Patidar and Vikas Joshi – January 2018 – Page No.: 132-139

During an earthquake, failure of structure starts off-evolved at factors of weak spot. This weak point arises due to discontinuity in mass, stiffness and geometry of structure. The systems having this discontinuity are termed as irregular systems. Irregular structures contribute a massive portion of city infrastructure. The effect of vertically irregularities within the seismic overall performance of systems will become definitely vital. Whilst such buildings are built in high seismic zones, the analysis and design turn into more complexes. The main objective of the analysis is to study the behaviour of flat slab system in vertical irregular multi-storied building against different forces acting on it during earthquake. Also, the objective of analysis is to study the structural behaviour of shear wall – flat slab interaction with opening. The analysis is carried out using STAAD Pro2007 software. Flat slab system with shear wall are modelled and analysed for the dynamic loading. The analysis is made between in the three types of G+9 storey building with 0 % vertical irregularity, 200 % vertical irregularity and 300% vertical irregularity. In all these building’s shear wall is provided with & without 20% opening. Total 15 modelled are studied and their results were compared. Response spectrum analysis results provides a more realistic behaviour of structure response hence the analysis of flat slab system in regular, 200% Irregular and 300% Irregular multi-storied buildings without shear wall and buildings with shear wall at different location & opening is carried out. It’s concluded that the flat slab Structure with shear wall along central periphery is suitable for the effect of dynamic load on the performance of building & negligible effects of opening of size 20% of the shear wall on the stiffness of the system. Comparison in made between Stresses & Bending Moment on flat slab, node displacement, Base shear, Story drift & the result are brought out.

Page(s): 132-139                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 February 2018

 Anshuman Nimade
Assitant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Swami Vivekanand College of Engineering, Indore, India

 Niraj Soni
Professor & HOD, Department of Civil Engineering, Swami Vivekanand College of Engineering, Indore, India

 Mahesh Patidar
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Swami Vivekanand College of Engineering, Indore, India

 Vikas Joshi
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Swami Vivekanand College of Engineering, Indore, India

[1]. Prabesh Sharma., D.R Rajendra .S, Vanisree C.N. (2016).“Scrutinizing the Structural Response of Regular and Irregular Structure (With and Without Shear Wall) Subjected to Seismic and Wind Loading.” International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 4(3), 353 – 359.
[2]. Maikesh Chouhan., Ravi Kumar Makode (2016).“Dynamic Analysis of Multi-Storeyed Frame-Shear Wall Building Considering SSI.” Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Application, 6(8) part-I, 31-35.
[3]. Navjot Kaur Bhatia.,Tushar Golait,(2016). “Studying the Response of Flat Slabs & Grid Slabs Systems in Conventional RCC Buildings.” International Journal of Trend in Research and Development,3(3), 334-337.
[4]. Mohd Atif., Prof. Laxmikant Vairagade., Vikrant Nair., (2015).“COMPARATIVE STUDY ON SEISMIC ANALYSIS OF MULTISTOREY BUILDING STIFFENED WITH BRACING AND SHEAR WALL.” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 2(5), 1158-1170.
[5]. Akil Ahmed (2015). “Dynamic Analysis of Multi-storey RCC Building Frames.” International Conference on Inter Disciplinary Research in Engineering and Technology, 89-94.
[6]. Mr.K.LovaRaju., Dr.K.V.G.D.Balaji., (2015). “Effective location of shear wall on performance of building frame subjected to earthquake load.” International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2(1), 33-36
[7]. G.V. Sai Himaja., Ashwini.L.K., N. Jayaramappa.,(2015). “Comparative Study on Non-Linear Analysis of Infilled Frames for Vertically Irregular Buildings.” International Journal of Engineering Science Invention. 4(6) 42-51.
[8]. N. Janardhana Reddy., D. Gose Peera., T. Anil Kumar Reddy (2015) “Seismic Analysis of Multi-Storied Building with Shear Walls Using ETABS-2013” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) ,4(11), 1030-1040.
[9]. Ali Koçak, Başak Zengin, Fethi Kadioğlu (2014) “PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF IRREGULAR RC BUILDINGS WITH SHEAR WALLS AFTER EARTHQUAKE” http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2015.05.016
[10]. Anuja Walvekar, H.S.Jadhav (2015) “PARAMETRIC STUDY OF FLAT SLAB BUILDING WITH AND WITHOUT SHEAR WALL TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. 4(4),601-607.
[11]. K. G. Patwari, L. G. Kalurkar (2016) “Comparative study of RC Flat Slab & Shear wall with Conventional Framed Structure in High Rise Building” International Journal of Engineering Research., 5(3), 612-616

[12]. RAVINDRA B N, MALLIKARJUN S. BHANDIWAD (2015) “DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF SOFT STOREY BUILDING WITH FLAT SLAB” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 2(4), 1644-1648.
[13]. Bhruguli H. Gandhi “EFFECT OF OPENING ON BEHAVIOUR OF SHEAR WALL” International Journal For Technological Research In Engineering, 4(3) 875-878.
[14]. Vishal A. Itware., Dr. Uttam B. Kalwane (2015)“Effects of Openings in Shear Wall on Seismic Response of Structure” Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications 5(7) 41-45.
[15]. Ravikanth Chittiprolu, Ramancharla Pradeep Kumar “Significance of Shear Wall in High-rise Irregular Buildings” International Journal of Education and applied research 4(2) 35-37.
[16]. Navyashree K, Sahana T.S (2014). “USE OF FLAT SLABS IN MULTI-STOREY COMMERCIAL BUILDING SITUATED IN HIGH SEISMIC ZONE” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. 3(8) 439-451.
[17]. Sumit Pawah., Vivek Tiwari., Madhavi Prajapati.(2014) “Analytical approach to study effect of shear wall on flat slab & two way slab” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering.,4(7) 244-252.
[18]. Amit A. Sathawane., R.S. Deotale.,(2014) “Analysis And Design Of Flat Slab And Grid Slab And Their Cost Comparison.” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 1(3) 837-848.
[19]. Lakshmi K.O., Prof. Jayasree Ramanujan., Mrs. Bindu Sunil., Dr. Laju Kottallil., Prof. Mercy Joseph Poweth. (2014) “Effect of shear wall location in buildings subjected to seismic loads” Journal of Engineering and Computer science.” 1(1), 7-17.
[20]. Sejal Bhagat (2014).“OPTIMIZATION OF A MULTISTOREY-BUILDING BY OPTIMUM POSITIONING OF SHEAR WALL” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 3(1), 56-74
[21]. Satpute S G., and D B Kulkarni (2013).“COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REINFORCED CONCRETE SHEAR WALL ANALYSIS IN MULTISTOREYED BUILDING WITH OPENINGS BY NONLINEAR METHODS.” Int. J. Struct. & Civil Engg. Res. 2013 2(3) 183-189.
[22]. Jaime Landingin., Hugo Rodrigues, Humberto Varum3, António Arêde4, Aníbal Costa (2012) “COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RC IRREGULAR BUILDINGS DESIGNED ACCORDING TO DIFFERENT SEISMIC DESIGN CODES” 15th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics. PAPER REF: 2955
[23]. Sharmin Reza Chowdhury., M.A. Rahman, M.J.Islam., A.K.Das (2012) “Effects of Openings in Shear Wall on Seismic Response of Structures International Journal of Computer Applications, (0975 – 8887), 59(1), 10-13.
[24]. S.Varadharajan., V.K. Sehgal.,and B.Saini.(2011). “Review of different Structural irregularities in buildings Journal of Structural Engineering.” 39(5) , 39-51.
[25]. Dr. S.K. Dubey., P.D. Sangamnerkar. (2011) SEISMIC BEHAVIOUR OF ASSYMETRIC RC BUILDINGS International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology 2(4),226-301

Anshuman Nimade, Niraj Soni, Mahesh Patidar and Vikas Joshi “Dynamic Analysis of Flat Slab System in Vertical Irregular Building with & without Shear Wall” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 132-139 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/132-139.pdf

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Vehicle Towing Automation System

Sreya Fernandes, Nisha Mariam Thomas, Manisha Sharma, Kevin Thomas Joseph, Dakshayani G – January 2018 Page No.: 140-144

Vehicle towing is the procedure of towing away- vehicles parked in non-parking areas or areas causing hindrance to ongoing traffic, including wrecked vehicles. Such vehicles are either locked by a jammer or are taken away by the traffic regulatory team, after which the vehicle owner must pay the requested fine to retrieve the vehicle. This procedure is followed all around the world to penalize citizens who park their vehicles in non-parking areas or whose in areasthat obstruct ongoing traffic. In our project, we aim to increase the vehicle towing system’s efficiency by completely automating it, thereby helping the traffic regulatory team, the government and its’ citizens. The project is currently being developed as per the requirements of the Navi Mumbai Traffic Police.
In this project, we will design an automated vehicle towing system that is implemented using two methods – one is a digital lock that can be unlocked by entering the correct password on the keypad attached and second is scanning the perpetrator’s vehicle’s number plate. The user interface will include two applications – one for the perpetrator and the other for the traffic regulatory (TRT) team. The details of the vehicle would also be updated and linked with the RTO, thus making it possible for the perpetrator to pay the fine immediately via our payment gateway. Our complete system includes a digital lock, Google Vision for scanning the vehicle number and a payment gateway for paying the fine.
The system aims at reducing the complexity of the current system that requires a user to manually head over to the traffic police to pay their fine. Perpetrators unfamiliar with a particular area may face a lot of problems in doing so as the current system is neither clear nor specific about the entire vehicle towing process. Furthermore, the TRT may run out of locks or not be able to tow all vehicles that are parked in areas that cause hindrance. Our system’s automated outlook overcomes all these drawbacks. Furthermore, corruption is reduced as it discourages any officials from collecting bribes so as to release vehicles.

Page(s): 140-144                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 February 2018

 Sreya Fernandes
Student, Fr.C.R.I.T, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharastra, India

 Nisha Mariam Thomas
Student, Fr.C.R.I.T, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharastra, India

 Manisha Sharma
Student, Fr.C.R.I.T, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharastra, India

 Kevin Thomas Joseph
Student, Fr.C.R.I.T, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharastra, India

 Dakshayani G
Assistant Professor, Fr.C.R.I.T, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharastra, India

[1]. https://trafficpolicemumbai.maharashtra.gov.in/faq-2/
[2]. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.sparken.policealert&hl=en
[3]. https://www.google.co.in/search?biw=1242&bih=579&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=CAR+WHEEL+JAMMER
[4]. https://www.rtiindia.org/forum/38081-towing-traffic-police.html
[5]. http://ahmedabadcitypolice.org/services/traffic-police/
[6]. http://www.bangaloretrafficpolice.gov.in/

Sreya Fernandes, Nisha Mariam Thomas, Manisha Sharma, Kevin Thomas Joseph, Dakshayani G “Vehicle Towing Automation System” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.140-144 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/140-144.pdf

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Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water in Bassi Tehsil, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Swati Saxena, Umesh Saxena, A.K. Sinha – January 2018 – Page No.: 145-162

The study was aimed to analyze the spatial and seasonal variability of physico-chemical parameters of ground water quality in Bassi Tehsil of District Jaipur, Rajasthan, India in order to assess its suitability for drinking purpose. For this ground water samples from 71 sampling sites of 50 villages of study area were collected from tube wells and hand pumps of varying depths in pre and post monsoon seasons and analyzed for ten physico-chemical parameters namely pH, Total Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Nitrate, Fluoride, Total Dissolved Solid and Electrical Conductivity. Analysis of results showed that almost all parameters were exceeding the desirable limits prescribed by BIS, ICMR and WHO. But, by analyzing the data on the basis of highest permissible limits of the parameters, the observed principal ground water pollutants are total alkalinity, chloride, nitrate, fluoride, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC). The study helps to understand the quality of water as well as to develop suitable management practices to protect the groundwater sources. Based on these results, it is also recommended to use water only after proper treatment for drinking purpose by the individuals to prevent adverse health effects.

Page(s): 145-162                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 February 2018

 Swati Saxena
Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, Rajasthan College of Engineering for Women, Bhakrota, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

 Umesh Saxena
Principal, U.S. Ostwal College of Science, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India

 A.K. Sinha
Director, School of Basic Sciences, Manipal University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

[1]. A. Darbi, T. Viraraghavan, R. Butler, and D. Corkal, “Column Studies on Nitrate Removal from Potable Water”, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, vol. 150, pp. 235-254, 2003.
[2]. S.S. Dhindsa, “Ground Water Quality Status of Rajasthan-2001, Validated up to 31-03-2003, Technical Paper”, National Workshop on Control and Mitigation of Excess Fluoride in Drinking Water, T-1, (5-7Feb, 2004).
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[4]. I. Hussain, J. Hussain, K. C. Sharma, and K. G. Ojha, “Fluoride in Ground Water and Health Hazards: Some Observation of Fluoride distribution in Rajasthan”, Environment Scenario for 21st Century, 2003, pp. 355-374.
[5]. P. Singh, B. Rani, U. Singh, and R. Maheshwari, “Fluoride Contamination in Ground Water of Rajasthan and its Mitigation Strategies”, J. Pharm. &Bio-med. Sci. vol. 6(6), pp. 1-12, 2011.
[6]. A.M. Hussain, I. Hussain, J. Sharma, and S. Kumar, “Potential Fluoride Contamination in the Drinking Water of Nagaur Tehsil of Nagaur District, Rajasthan, India”, Bull. Env. Con. & Tox. (BECT), 2012. (DOI 10.1007/s00128-012-0572-4 Online published on 14 March, 2012).
[7]. H. W. Khandare, “Scenario of nitrate contamination in Ground Water: Its causes and Prevention”, Int. J. Chem. Tech. Res. Vol. 5(4), pp. 1921-1926, 2013.
[8]. U. Saxena, and S. Saxena, “The Statistical Assessment of Fluoride and Nitrate Contamination Status of Ground Water in Various Tehsils of District Jaipur, Rajasthan, India”, Int. J. Res. St. in Biosci., Vol. 3(3), pp. 106-130, 2015.
[9]. L. R. Bhalla, and K. Bhalla, Contemporary Rajasthan, 8th ed. Kuldeep Publication, India 2013.
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[15]. R. M. Brown, N. J. Mc Cleiland, R. A. Deininger, and M. F. O’Connor, “A Water Quality Index – Crossing the Psychological Barrier”, (Jenkis, S.H., Ed.) Proceedings of International Conference on Water Pollution Research, Jerusalem, vol. 6, pp. 787-797, 1972.
[16]. APHA, “Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water”, APHA, AWWA, WPCF, Washington DC USA, 21st ed. 2005.
[17]. M. K. Singh, D. Jha, and J. Jadoun, “Assessment of Physico-chemical Status of Groundwater Samples of Dholpur District, Rajasthan, India”, Int. J. Chem., vol. 4(4), pp. 96-104, 2012.
[18]. S. Mitharwal, R. D. Yadav, and R. C. Angasaria, “Water Quality analysis in Pilani of Jhunjhunu District (Rajasthan) – The place of Birla’s Origin”, Ras. J. Chem., vol. 2(4), pp. 920-923, 2009.
[19]. P. B. Vyas, “Assessment of Drinking water quality in Gandhi nagar Town, Gujarat, India”, J. Poll. Res., vol. 30(2), pp. 61-163, 2011.
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Swati Saxena, Umesh Saxena, A.K. Sinha “Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water in Bassi Tehsil, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 145-162 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/145-162.pdf

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“Interaction on The Basis of Acoustic Properties of Di Methyl Phenyl Amine with Aqueous Di Ethyl Ether”

Dhiresh Kumar Pathak, H.S.Chaudhary, Aditi Chaudhary – January 2018 Page No.: 163-167

Density, viscosity and Ultrasonic velocity measurements have been used to calculate Isentropic Compressibility (βS) , Intermolecular free length (Lf) , Ultrasound velocity (V) , Density (ρ) , Excess Viscosity (η) , Shear’s Relaxation Time (τs) of solution of Di Methyl Phenyl Amine in aqueous organic solvent as Di ethyl Ether. In each case ultrasound velocity increase and isentropic compressibility (βS) Decreases, Intermolecular free length (Lf) Decreases, Density (ρ) increase and viscosity increases with increases in molar concentration of Di Methyl Phenyl Amine. The Result has been interpreted in terms of ion-solvent interaction on the basis of acoustic properties.

Page(s): 163-167                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 February 2018

 Dhiresh Kumar Pathak
CET-IILM, Academy of Higher Learning, Knowledge Park – II , 17,18,Greater Noida – 201306 India

 H.S.Chaudhary
Department of Chemistry, Amardeep College, Firozabad-283203 India

 Aditi Chaudhary
Department of Chemistry, Amardeep College, Firozabad-283203 India

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Dhiresh Kumar Pathak, H.S.Chaudhary, Aditi Chaudhary ““Interaction on The Basis of Acoustic Properties of Di Methyl Phenyl Amine with Aqueous Di Ethyl Ether”” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.163-167 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/163-167.pdf

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Performance and Emission Characteristics of Compression Ignition Engine Fueled with Chicken Fat Biodiesel
Dr. Rajanna. S – January 2018 – Page No.: 168-172

In this present investigation biodiesel was developed from waste chicken fat having high free fatty acids (FFA).Two two step esterification method was used to develop the biodiesel from waste chicken fat. This two-step esterification method consists of pretreatment (Acid esterification) followed by Alkaline esterification. The properties of the biodiesel were measured and compared with petroleum diesel. Performance and emission test was conducted in compression ignition engine with chicken fat biodiesel and its blends, compared with petroleum diesel. For lower biodiesel blends brake thermal efficiency is increasing and specific fuel consumption is decreasing as compared to petroleum diesel. The exhaust gas emissions also reducing for lower biodiesel blends compared to petroleum diesel. The experimental results proved that use of chicken fat biodiesel in compression ignition engine is a viable alternative to petroleum diesel.

Page(s): 168-172                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 04 February 2018

 Dr. Rajanna. S
Department of Mechanical Engineering, GEC, Kushalnagar, Karnataka, India

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Dr. Rajanna. S “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Compression Ignition Engine Fueled with Chicken Fat Biodiesel” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.168-172 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/168-172.pdf

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Reduced Switches Multi Level Inverter
M.V.Vinod Kumar, Chv. Madhu, D. Sundara Sekhar, V.R.Kondala Rao, K.S.Rama Krishna, Chls Kumar, Y Sunil Kumar – January 2018 – Page No.: 173-178

Now a days a Multilevel inverter topologies are used as static VAR compensators, high voltage grid interconnections and variable speed motor drives. The Multilevel inverter performance is high compared to the conventional two level inverters due to their reduced harmonic distortion and less amount electromagnetic interference. In this scenario, Cascaded H Bridge MLI is preferred and the performance of the inverter can be improved by using different pulse width modulation techniques. The main disadvantage of the Cascaded MLI is complexity, requiring a great number of power devices and passive components, and a rather complex control circuitry. So in order to overcome the complexity nature the reduced switches multi-level inverters are proposed in this paper. So that the topology and the proposed topology multi-level inverters are compared with the Cascaded H bridge MLI. These methods are modeled by using the MATLAB/SIMULINK and the THD of these inverters are compared.

Page(s): 173-178                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 February 2018

 M.V.Vinod Kumar
Assistant Professor, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

 Chv. Madhu
B-Tech Student, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

 D. Sundara Sekhar
B-Tech Student, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

 V.R.Kondala Rao
B-Tech Student, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

 K.S.Rama Krishna
B-Tech Student, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

 Chls Kumar
B-Tech Student, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

 Y Sunil Kumar
B-Tech Student, Dept.:-Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Akrgcet, India

[1]. Ehsan Najafi,Member IEEE and Abdul Halim Mohamed Yatim Senior Member IEEE.,..”Design and Implementation of a New Multilevel Inverter Topology,IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL.59, NO. 11 Nov 2012
[2]. Pharne I.D. and Bhosale Y.N., “A Review on Multilevel Inverter Topology, ” IEEE Conference on Power,Control and Embedded Systems, pp.700-703, Feb 2013.
[3]. Yi-Hung Liao, Member, IEEE, and Ching-Ming Lai, Member, IEEE, “Newly- Constructed Simplified Single-Phase Multistring Multilevel Inverter Topology for Distributed Energy Resources.,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, Vol. 26, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2011.
[4]. Muhammad. H. Rashid, Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications, Third Edition, Person Prentice Hall, pp.40-6430, 2004.
[5]. Husam. K. Al. H, “Investigation of a cascade multilevel inverter as advanced static compensator,” Department of electrical engineering and computer engineering, University of Manitoba,
Canada, August 2002
[6]. E. Villanueva, P. Correa, M. Pacas, “Control of a Single-Phase Cascaded H- Bridge Multilevel Inverter for Grid- Connected Photovoltaic Systems”, IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, pp. 4399-4406, 2009.
[7]. Rodriguez J, Lai JS, Peng FZ. Multilevel inverters: survey of topologies, controls, and applications. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 2002;49(4):724–38.
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[10]. Malinowski Mariusz, Gopakumar K, Rodriguez Jose, Pérez Marcelo A. A survey on cascaded multilevel inverters. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 2010;57(7).
[11]. Colak Ilhami, Kabalci Ersan, Bayindir Ramazan. Review of multilevel voltage source inverter topologies and control schemes. Energy Convers Manage 2011;52:1114–28.
[12]. Nabae A, Takahashi I, Akagi H. A new neutral-point clamped PWM inverter. IEEE Trans Ind Appl IA 1981(17):518–23.
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[14]. Sirisukprasert S, Xu Z, Zhang B, Lai JS, Huang AQ. A high-frequency 1.5 MVA H bridge building block for cascaded multilevel converters using emitter turn-off thyrister. Proc IEEE- APEC 2002:27–32.
[15]. Corzine Keith A, Wielebski Mike W, Peng Fang Z, Wang Jin. Control of cascaded multilevel inverters. IEEE Trans Power Electron 2004;19(3).
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[20]. Jih-Sheng Lai, Fang Zhen g Peng, “Multilevel converters a new breed of power converters,” Industry Application Conference, Thirtieth IAS Annual Meeting, Conference Record of the IEEE, pp.2348-2356, August 2002.

M.V.Vinod Kumar, Chv. Madhu, D. Sundara Sekhar, V.R.Kondala Rao, K.S.Rama Krishna, Chls Kumar, Y Sunil Kumar “Reduced Switches Multi Level Inverter” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 173-178 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/173-178.pdf

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Interface of Inverter with Grid

Jay R.Ray, Nilaykumar A.Patel – January 2018 Page No.: 179-183

The main scope of this paper is to interface of inverter with grid by using control techniques. The Current reference computation, PI controller, Current loop control, Phase Locked loop are used for control of inverter in this paper. The simulations for Line Voltage and current waveform are performed in MATLAB.

Page(s): 179-183                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 February 2018

 Jay R.Ray
M&V Patel Department of Electrical Engineering, Charotar University of Science & Technology, Changa, Gujarat, India

 Nilaykumar A.Patel
M&V Patel Department of Electrical Engineering, Charotar University of Science & Technology, Changa, Gujarat, India

[1]. Agusti egea-alvarez, adria junyent-ferre and oriole gomis-bellmunt,” Active and reactive power control of grid connected distributed generation systems”
[2]. Sotirios I. Nanou, , and Stavros A. Papathanassiou, “Frequency Control of Island VSC-HVDC Links Operating in Parallel with AC Interconnectors and Onsite Generation” IEEE,2017
[3]. L. Zhang, L. Harnefors, and H.-P. Nee, “Power-Synchronization Control of Grid-Connected Voltage-Source Converters,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 25, pp. 809-820, May 2010
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[5]. M. Karystianos, Y. Kabouris, T. Koronides, and S. Sofroniou, “Operation of the Electrical System of Crete in Interconnection with the Mainland Grid: A Stability Study,” in Proc. of IREP Symposium: Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control – IX Optimization, Security and Control of the Emerging Power Grid, IREP 2013, 2013, pp. 1–8.
[6]. M. Papadopoulos, N. Boulaxis, M. Tsili, and S. Papathanassiou, “Increased wind energy exploitation via interconnection of Aegean island to the mainland grid,” in Proc. 19th International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CIRED), no. 0438, Vienna, 2007.

Jay R.Ray, Nilaykumar A.Patel “Interface of Inverter with Grid” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp.179-183 January 2018  URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/179-183.pdf

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A Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Tuberculosis and its Prevention among Nursing Students Posted in Selected Hospital of Vadodara
Vijaya Kumar M.B, Deepika Das, Ravina Christian, Patel Sezal – January 2018 – Page No.: 184-188

The TB epidemic is larger than previously estimated, reflecting new surveillance and survey data from India. However, the number of TB deaths and the TB incidence rate continue to fall globally and in India. In 2015, there were an estimated 10.4 million new (incident) TB cases worldwide, of which 5.9 million (56%) were among men, 3.5 million (34%) among women and 1.0 million (10%) among children.2
A descriptive research study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding tuberculosis and its prevention among nursing students posted in selected hospital of Vadodara, Gujarat. The study was carried out in KGPC hospital, Vadodara. Through non probability convenient sampling technique 120 nursing students were selected. A structured questionnaire was prepared with four different areas and used to collect needed data and to assess the knowledge regarding tuberculosis and prevention. Data was analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.With regard to the knowledge assessment,(30)25% of samples had adequate knowledge, (75) 62.50% had moderate level of knowledge and (15) 12.50% inadequate knowledge regarding tuberculosis and its prevention. The highest mean percentage 68.33% was found in the aspect of causes, incubation period and signs and symptoms and the lowest mean percentage were found in the area of management and prevention of tuberculosis with the mean percentage of 49.13%. And also result shows that there is significant association between the knowledge of nursing students regarding tuberculosis and its prevention with the demographic variable course/programme.

Page(s): 184-188                                                                                                                   Date of Publication: 14 February 2018

 Vijaya Kumar M.B
Nursing Tutor, ManikakaTopawala Institute of Nursing, Charusat University, Anand, Gujarat, India

 Deepika Das
MSc nursing students, ManikakaTopawala Institute of Nursing, Charusat University, Anand, Gujarat, India

 Ravina Christian
MSc nursing students, ManikakaTopawala Institute of Nursing, Charusat University, Anand, Gujarat, India

 Patel Sezal
MSc nursing students, ManikakaTopawala Institute of Nursing, Charusat University, Anand, Gujarat, India

[1]. K Park, text book of preventive and social medicine, 23rd edition, published byBanarsidas Bhanot,Page no: 176-200.
[2]. WHO Global tuberculosis report 2016, Available from:http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/
[3]. Aaron Fernstrom and Michael Goldblatt. Aerobiology and Its Role in the Transmission of Infectious Diseases,, Journal of Pathogens Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 493960, 13 pages,Available from:https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jpath/2013/493960/
[4]. Raman Lal Patidar, Ravindra H.N. , Pavan Kumar Jain. Effectiveness of structured teaching program (STP) on knowledge regarding prevention and control of tuberculosis, IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS) e-ISSN: 2320–1959.p- ISSN: 2320–1940 Volume 3, Issue 3 Ver. I (May-Jun. 2014), PP 56-61 . Available from: http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jnhs/papers/vol3-issue3/Version-1/J03315661.pdf,
[5]. Mahmmod M.Ahmed, Thanoon M.Thanoon Assessment of Nursing Students Knowledge About Tuberculosis.Available from:https://www.iasj.net/iasj?func=fulltext&aId=71553
[6]. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (mdr-tb) – World Health Organization.Available from:http://www.who.int/tb/challenges/mdr/mdr_tb_factsheet.pdf
[7]. Jamie Rylance, Madhukar Pai. Priorities for tuberculosis research: a systematic review.2010 Dec 10; 10(12): 889–892 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(10)70201-2: Available from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2992175
[8]. Tejan N, Uniyal RPrediction and prevention of tuberculosis in contacts.2017 Dec;17(12):1237-1238. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30641-2.: Available from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29173880
[9]. Salame FM, Ferreira MD. Knowledge about tuberculosis transmission and prevention and perceptions of health service utilization among index cases and contacts in Brazil: Understanding losses in the latent tuberculosis cascade of care.2017 Sep 21;12(9):e0184061. doi: 10.1371: Available from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28934228

Vijaya Kumar M.B, Deepika Das, Ravina Christian, Patel Sezal “A Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Tuberculosis and its Prevention among Nursing Students Posted in Selected Hospital of Vadodara” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) vol.5 issue 1, pp. 184-188 January 2018 URL: http://www.rsisinternational.org/journals/ijrsi/digital-library/volume-5-issue-1/184-188.pdf

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