This article addresses the issues of resilience of digital protection relays (DPR) to High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse of nuclear explosion (HEMP). The article performs the critical analysis of some articles presented by a well-known American company SEL and shows that the publications contain many inaccuracies and lapses. Thus, this proves that SEL relays have not advantages over those offered by other manufacturers. The article shows that reliable information pertaining to DPR’s resistance to HEMP can be obtained on a basis of correctly set-up tests; key principles of these tests and stages of preparation are also offered.
- Page(s): 01-06
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- Vladimir GurevichCentral Electric Laboratory, Israel Electric Corp., POB 10, Haifa 31000, Israel
. Gurevich V. Protection of Substation Critical Equipment Against Intentional Electromagnetic Threats. – Wiley, 2017, 228 p. . EMP Effects on Protection and Control Systems. – Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, 2014. . Minteer T., Mooney T., Artz S., Whitehead D. E. Understanding Design, Installation and Testing Methods That Promote Substation IED Resiliency for High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse Events. – 44th Annual Western Protective Relay Conference, Washington, October 17 – 19, IEEE. . Gurevich V. Use of LC-filters to Protect Equipment from Electromagnetic Pulse: Is It Real Necessity or "Bisiness as Usual". - "International Journal of Scientific Research & Engineering Trends", 2017, Vol. 3, Issue 4, pp. 85 - 89. . Gurevich V. I. Functional Grounding of Digital Protective Relays. - "Energize", 2015, No. 8, pp. 38 - 40. . Gurevich V. The Issues of Electronic Equipment Grounding at the Power Facilities. - "International Journal of Research Studies in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IJRSEEE)", 2017, vol. 3, issue 1. . MIL-STD-188-125-1 High –Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) Protection for Ground Based C41 Facilities Performing Critical. Time-Urgent Mission. Part 1 Fixed Facilities, 2005. . IEC 61000-2-11 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)—Part 2–11: Environment — Classification of HEMP environments. . IEC/TR 61000-5-3 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)—Part 5–3: Installation and mitigation guidelines—HEMP protection concepts. . ITU-T K.78: High altitude electromagnetic pulse immunity guide for telecommunication centers. – International Telecommunication Union, 2009. . IEC 61000-4-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques – Electrostatic discharge immunity test. . IEC 61000-4-4 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 4: Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test. . Gurevich V. Grounding of Control Cable Shields: Do We Have a Solution? – “COMPUSOFT, An international journal of advanced computer technology”, 6 (5), May 2017, Vol. VI, Issue. V, pp. 2330 - 2334. . Gurevich V. Protection of Telecommunication Systems in Electric Power Facilities from Electromagnetic Pulse. Part 1. – International Journal of Advanced Computer Technology, 2017, No. 6 (9), Vol. VI, Issue IX, pp. 2446 – 2450. . Gurevich V. Review of Protection of Telecommunication Systems in Electric Power Facilities from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP). – International Journal of Advanced Computer Technology, 2017, No. 6 (10), Vol. VI, Issue X, pp. 2455 – 2460. . High-Impact, Low-Frequency Event Risk to the North American Bulk Power System. – A Jointly-Commissioned Summary Report of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation and the U. S. Department of Energy’s, November 2009 Workshop, June 2010. . Gurevich V. I. Main Principles of Electromagnetic Pulse Immunity Test Methods for Power System Electronics. - "International Journal of Research Studies in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IJRSEEE)", 2016, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 23 – 31. . Gurevich V. Devices for Testing Effectiveness of Electronic Equipment Protection against Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP). - "International Journal of Research Studies in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IJRSEEE)", 2017, Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 6 – 14.
Vladimir Gurevich "Resilience of Digital Protection Relays to Electromagnetic Pulse HEMP" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-(IJRSI) vol.4 issue 12, pp.01-06 2017
In addition to food, shelter and clothing, water is one of our basic human needs and lack of potable water is a major cause of death and disease in our world. Now a days due to rapid industrialization even in rural areas, water become contaminated. Suspended and colloidal matter such as clay, silt, finely divided organic and inorganic matter, plankton and other microscopic organisms are responsible for turbid water. Aluminum and iron salts are commonly used as chemical coagulants. There are a variety of purification methods of drinking water which are very costly and those methods cannot serve a common man effectively. The purpose of this study is to provide information on low cost household water treatment using Moringa Oleifera, Arachis Hypogaea (Peanuts), Zea mays (Corn). Natural coagulants show bright future and are concerned by many researchers because of their abundant source, low price, multifunction and biodegradation. In the present investigation, assessment of three different natural coagulants namely seeds of Moringa Oleifera, Arachis Hypogaea (Peanut), Zea mays (Corn)has been carried out. After treatment the water samples were analyzed for different parameters like pH, Turbidity, TDS and Electrical conductivity. Turbidity removal efficiency was 86%, 83%, 21%, after the treatment at optimum dosage of 20mg/l and speed of mixing of 200rpm respectively for synthetic water of 100 NTU.Finally, it can be concluded that Moringa Oleifera and Arachis Hypogaea (Peanuts)are the most efficient natural coagulants
- Page(s): 07-09
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- Venkata Maruti Prasad S Aditya Institute of Technology & Management, Tekkali, Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
- H. Ramamohan Aditya Institute of Technology & Management, Tekkali, Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
- B. Srinivasa Rao Sri Sivani College of Engineering, Chilakapalem, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
. American Public Health Association (APRA), American Water Works Association (AWWA) and Water Pollution Control Federation (WPCF) (1989), Standard Methods for the examination of Water and Waste Water -17th Edition, APHA Publication Office, Washington DC. . A.Olsen; Water Research, 21(3), 517-522 (1987). . B.Bina, M.H.Mehdinejad, Gunnel Dalhammer, GunaRajarao, M.Nikaeen, Movahedian Attar; Effectiveness of Moringaoleifera coagulant protein as natural coagulant aid in removal of turbidity and bacteria from turbid waters, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 67, (2010). . Eman N. Ali, Suleyman A. Muyibi, Hamzah M. Salleh, MdZahangirAlam, MohdRamlan M. Salleh(2010),”Production of Natural Coagulant from MoringaOleifera Seed for Application in Treatment of Low Turbidity Water” J. Water Resource and Protection, 2, 259-266. . Folkard.G. K. and Sutherland.J.P., “Moringaoleifera- a multipurpose tree”, Footsteps, No.20, [14-15], (1994). . G.Folkard, T.Sutherland; The use of Moringaoleifera as a natural coagulant for water and waste water treatment, Department of engineering, University of Leicester, UK, (2001). . Gidde.M.R, Bhalerao.A.R., “Effect of physical parameters on coagulation-flocculation of turbid water with Moringaoleiferaseeds”, National Conference on 'Sustainable technologies for better tomorrow' at VIT university, Vellore (2007). . Kihampa.C, Mwegoha.W.J.S,Kaseva.M.E and Marobhe.N, “Performance of SolanuminacunumLinnaeus as natural coagulant and disinfectant for drinking water”, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 5(10), [867-872], (2011). . Muyibi S. A. and Okuofu C. A., "Coagulation of low turbidity surface waters with MoringaOleiferaseeds", International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 48, [263-273], (1995) . RaveendraBabu and Malay Chaudhuri, “Home water treatment by direct filtration with natural coagulant”, Journal of Water and Health, 3(1), , (2005) . Shilpa.B.S, Akanksha, Kavita, Girish.P,”Evaluation of Cactus and Hyacinth Bean Peels as Natural Coagulants”, International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, 3(3), (2012) . S.M.Mangale, S.G.Chonde,A.S.Jadhav, P.D.Raut; Study of Moringaoleifera (Drumstick) seed as natural Absorbent and Antimicrobial agent for River water treatment, J.Nat.Prod.PlantResour., 2(1), 89-100 (2012). . SuleymanA.Muyibi, LilianM.Evison; Moringaoleifera seeds for softening hard water, Department of Civil Engineering,University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne NEI 7RU, England, Wat.Res., 29(4), 1099-1105 (1994). . S.V.Maruti Prasad, B.SrinivasaRao, A case study on low cost water treatment using MoringaOleifera (Drum Stick), Environmental Science, An Indian Journal 8(4), [161-166], (2013). . S.V.Maruti Prasad, Dr.H.Ramamohan, Dr. B. SrinivasaRao, Water Treatment for removal of Heavy Metals and specific physic-chemical parameters by using different natural coagulants, Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 35(10),[854-859], (2015). . SyedaAzeemUnnisa., PunamDeepthi and KhaggaMukkanti, “Efficiency Studies with DolichosLablab and Solar Disinfection for Treating Turbid Waters”, Journal Of Environmental Protection Science, 4, [8-12], (2010). . WHO; Guideline for drinking-water quality (electronicresources).
Venkata Maruti Prasad S, H. Ramamohan, B. Srinivasa Rao "Assessment of Coagulation Potential of Three Different Natural Coagulants in Water Treatment" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.07-09 2017
In many industrial applications, there is need of sorting. Sorting can be done by using many ways like sorting of object according to their dimensions, according to their colours, according to their weight, using machine vision (image processing), according to the material of an object etc. For example, in Thermal Power Station, electromagnetic sorting technique is used to sort ferromagnetic materials from coal. In this project, the development of a LCA system to sort objects according to their colour has been designed. PLC controls this LCA system. This project consists of two parts, first consisting of software, which contains ladder logic programming, which is used to program PLC that controls the whole process of the project systematically according to input data sequence. Second is the hardware part, which consists of conveyors, used to transport the objects, sensors used to sense the colour (i.e. colour sensors) of the objects, electronic system used to sort the objects and motors to drive the conveyor belt. The objects are being sorted according to their respective colour. The main conveyor is supported of two branches to load the distinguished object on to the respective one as separated by the electronic system and detected by the proximity sensors.
- Page(s): 10-13
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- Kadiyam Sasidhar Assistant Professor, Dept. of EED, Muffakham Jah College of Engineering &Technology, Hyderabad, India
- Shaik Faiz Hussain Student, EIE, Muffakham Jah College of Engineering &Technology, Hyderabad, India
- Syed Ali Safdar Student, EIE, Muffakham Jah College of Engineering &Technology, Hyderabad, India
- Mohd Aleem Uddin Student, EIE, Muffakham Jah College of Engineering &Technology, Hyderabad, India
. Shaukat.N, PLC based Automatic Object Sorting Machine, Multi Topic Conference 2002, IEEE publications. . Petronella, Frank D. (2010) - ‘Programmable logic Controllers’ - Tata McGraw Hill Education, pp.6-12. . Rehg, James A. Glenn J Satori (2009) – ‘Programmable Logic Controllers’- Pearson prentice Hall ,pp. 230-239. . http://www.plcmanual.com . http://na.industrial.AllenBradley.com/products/industrial-automation . http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105066/PDF/L- 21(DP)(PE)%20((EE)NPTEL).PDF
Kadiyam Sasidhar, Shaik Faiz Hussain, Syed Ali Safdar, Mohd Aleem Uddin "Design and Development of a PLC Based Automatic Object Sorting " International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.10-13 2017
Today the world is open for women in each an every field. Women are working everywhere and playing her role efficiently. Every where whether its space, supports, businesses, banks, colleges, engineering, railways, army, police, air force, many tough job, she is taking these jobs and facing challenges easily. Leading Indian banks have CEO’s are women. All women are expertise and keep making their mark on area of work. Indian companies and work places have become so 21st century with the challenges and opportunities it offers. In sports like cricket, hockey, badminton, tennis and kabbadi all female athletes are performing well. In every field women is facing same challenges like man do, even may be more just because she is woman. In this paper I try to explain their problem and create stress situation among women, including few management techniques as well.
- Page(s): 14-17
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- Sapna Vyas Research Scholar, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
. David Newth, Stress and Work/Life Balance Insight for Managers www.bookboon.com . Duane Schultz, Sydney Ellen Schultz, Psychology & Work Today 8th edition. . Howard S. Friedman, Miriam W. Schustack, Personality Classics Theories and Modern Research. . N.S. Schwartzberg and R.S Dytell (1996), Dual-earner families: The importance of work stress and family stress for psychological well-being. Journal of occupation health psychology. . Navin Mathur, Mangement Gurus, Ideas and Insights. . Nirmal Singh, Organization Behavior Concept and Theory Practices, Managing People and Organization in the 21st century. Page 659 . Stephen P.Robbins, Timothy A. Judge, Neharika Vohra, Organization Behavior, 14th edition. . V.S.P.Rao, Human Resource Management, Job Stress, Counseling and mentoring, 2nd edition. . www.speakingtree.com . www.apa.com
Sapna Vyas "Stress among Women & Its Management” International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.14-17 2017
In today’s world of electronics industries low power has emerged as a principal theme. For integrated Chip, Power dissipation has become an important consideration as performance and area design. Due to increased complexity, reducing power consumption and over all power management of the IC are the key challenges. The need to reduce package cost and extended battery life is emphasis for many designs along with optimization of power and timing. Multipliers play a vital role in the computation part of ALU. Binary multiplication by digital circuits requires the generation of partial products, addition of partial product by reduction tree until two partial product rows remain and adding of partial product rows by an adder. In this project a low power binary multiplier is designed using voltage scaling technique. .
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- K. MadhuriMTECH VLSI, Dept of ECE, ST.Johns College of Engineering and Technology, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
- C. BhargavAssistant Professor, Dept of ECE, ST.Johns College of Engineering and Technology, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
- T. ChakrapaniAssociate Professor, Dept of ECE, ST.Johns College of Engineering and Technology, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
- K . SudhakarH.O.D, Associate Professor, Dept of ECE, ST.Johns College of Engineering and Technology, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
. Y. Kim, B. Song, J. Grosspietsch, and S. Gillig, “A carry-free 54b×54b multiplier using equivalent bit conversion algorithm,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, pp. 1538–1545, 2001. . Y. He and C. Chang, “A power-delay efficient hybrid carrylookahead carry-select based redundant binary to two’s complement converter,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers, vol. 55, pp. 336–346, 2008. . G. Wang and M. Tull, “A new redundant binary number to 2'scomplement number converter,” in Proc. Region 5 Conference: Annual Technical and Leadership Workshop, pp. 141-143, 2004. . W. Yeh and C. Jen, “High-speed Booth encoded parallel multiplier design,” IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 49, pp. 692-701, 2000. . S. Kuang, J. Wang, and C. Guo, “Modified Booth multiplier with a regular partial product array,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, vol. 56, pp. 404-408, 2009. . J. Kang and J. Gaudiot,“A simple high-speed multiplier design,” IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 55, pp.1253-1258, 2006. . F. Lamberti, N. Andrikos, E. Antelo, and P. Montuschi, “Reducing the computation time in (short bit-width) two’s complement multipliers,” IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 60, pp. 148- 156, 2011. . Y. He and C. Chang, “A new redundant binary Booth encoding for fast 2 -bit multiplier design,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers, vol. 56, pp. 1192–1199, 2009. . Y. He, C. Chang, J. Gu, and H. Fahmy, “A novel covalent redundant binary Booth encoder,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Circuits Syst. (ISCAS), vol. 1, pp. 69–72, 2005. . N. Besli and R. Deshmukh, “A novel redundant binary signeddigit (RBSD) Booth’s encoding,” in Proc. IEEE Southeast Conf.,pp. 426–431, 2002. . C. Chang, J. Gu, and M. Zhang, “Ultra low-voltage low-power CMOS 4-2 and 5-2 compressors for fast arithmetic circuits,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers, vol. 51, pp. 1985–1997, 2004. . D. Radhakrishnan and A. Preethy, “Low power CMOS pass logic 4-2 compressor for high-speed multiplication,” in Proc. IEEE Midwest Symp. Circuits Syst., vol. 3, pp. 1296–1298, 2000.
K. Madhuri, C.Bhargav, T.Chakrapani, K .Sudhakar "Design of Low Power Binary Multiplier" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.18-22 2017
Cryptography is the method of converting plain readable text into non-readable, and thus achieves security by it. Technique of messages conversion from a non-readable format back to readable format without knowing how they were converted from readable format to non-readable format is known as cryptanalysis. In technical terms, the transformation of plain text into cipher text message is called as encryption, while the reverse process is known as decryption. Encryption and decryption process have mainly two elements: the key used for encryption and decryption and algorithm. According to the key used, cryptography is divided into two parts: 1. Symmetric key cryptography: Symmetric key technique uses similar key for both encryption and decryption. The key is secretly exchanged between the sender and the receiver and message transformation took place. Only the authenticated receiver is allowed to decrypt the cipher text with the help of the secret key. Since only one key is used for both encryption and decryption, this technique is also known as private key cryptography. 2. Asymmetric key cryptography: Asymmetric key cryptography involves the usage of one key for encryption and another, different key for decryption. This is also known as Public key Cryptography, as two different keys (which form a key pair) are used. One key is used for encryption and other for decryption. No other key can decrypt the message- not even the original key which is used for encryption. Public key cryptography can be used for digital signing as it supports authentication of users. In this paper an attempt has been made to generate an algorithm which provides security to data transmitted over internet. The algorithm considers a random matrix key which on execution by a series of steps generates a sequence. This sequence is used as a sub key to build encryption model.
- Page(s): 23-27
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- Akhilesh Deep Arya Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Pacific Institute of Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
- Gaurav Kumar Ameta Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Pacific Institute of Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
. PanditS.N.N, “A New Matrix Calculus”, Journal of Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp. 632-639, Dec., 1961. . Suter, B.W.; Honeywell, Inc. “The Modular Arithmetic of Arbitrarily Long Sequences of Digits”, IEEE Transactions on Computer, Volume: C-23, Issue: 12, pp.1301-1303, Dec. 1974. . Akanksha Shukla: “Algorithm for generating sub-keys/basins from a New Substitution Block Cipher Algorithm” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 03 Issue: 11 | Nov -2016 . Omran, S.S.; Al-Khalid, A.S.; Al-Saady, D.M. “A cryptanalytic attack on Vigenere cipher using genetic algorithm”, IEEE Conference on Open Systems (ICOS), pp. 59-64, Sep. 2011 . Omran, S.S.; Al-Khalid, A.S.; Al-Saady, D.M. “Using Genetic Algorithm to Break a Mono-Alphabetic Substitution Cipher”, IEEE Conference on Open Systems (ICOS), pp. 63-67, Dec. 2010 . Ayesh A., Bechkoum K., “Framework of Multi-agents internet security system”. Appl Inform, Nov. 1999 . Balakrishnan.S, Saranya.G, Shobana.S&Karthikeyan.S, “Introducing Effective Third Party Auditing (TPA) for Data Storage Security in Cloud”, International Journal of Computer Science and Technology IJCSTVol.2, Issue 2, 2011. . Craig Gentry, Dan Boneh, “Aggregate and verifiably encrypted signatures form bilinear maps”, 2004. . Q. Wang, C. Wang, J. Li, K. Ren, W. Lou, “Enabling public verifiability and data dynamics for storage security in cloud computing”, in Proc. of ESORICS’09, Saint Malo, 2009. . M. A. Shah, R. Swaminathan, M. Baker, “Privacy preserving audit and extraction of digital contents”, Cryptology ePrint Archive, 2008. . SriramRamanujam, MarimuthuKaruppiah, “Designing an Algorithm with high Avalanche Effect”, IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, Volume: 11 No.1, pp. 106-111, January 2011 . Sherif el-etriby, EmanM.Mohamed and Hatem S. Abdelkader published “Modern Encryption Techniques for Cloud Computing Randomness and Performance Testing” Third International Conference on Communications and Information Technology ICCIT 2012 . Andrew Rukhin, Juan Soto, James Nechvatal, Miles Smid, “A Statistical Test Suite for Random and Pseudorandom Number Generators for Cryptographic Applications”, 2010. . Carolynn Burwick C, Don Coppersmith, “The MARS Encryption Algorithm” . Daemen, J., and Rijmen, V. “Rijndael:The Advanced Encryption Standard”, Dr. Dobb’s Journal, Vol.26, No.3, pp.137-139, March 2001.
Akhilesh Deep Arya, Gaurav Kumar Ameta "Substitution Based Encryption Model for Cloud Data Storage" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.23-27 2017
The number of natural and human-induced disasters has increased enormously in the past decade. There is a necessity for more effective equipment to enhance emergency search and rescue operations. Search and rescue technology to date still rely on old technologies such as search dogs, camera mounted probes. Hence, intelligent robots equipped with advanced sensors are attracting more and more attentions from researchers and rescuers. The goal of the project is to develop mobile robot tracking prototype system which can explore during floods. The proposed system uses the specific set of sensors such as PIR sensor which is used to detect the motion of the human body, Temperature sensor which is used to measure human body temperature and Heart beat sensor which is used to give digital output of heartbeat when a finger is placed on it. All these sensors give information about the presence of an alive human body. Having detected the sign of living humans the system sounds buzzer and the sensors trigger camera mounted on it. The camera captures the video scene of the environment and gives information about the status and the location of trapped human lives.
- Page(s): 28-32
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- J. KarthiyayiniSenior Assistant Professor, Dept of ISE, New Horizon College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
. Patrick Lina,*,1 Keith Abneybb,c,2 George Bekey a,3”Robot ethics:Mapping the issues for a mechanized world”a .California Polytechnic State University, Philosophy Department,1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA. b. California Polytechnic State University, College of Engineering, 1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA. c.University of Southern California, Viterbi School of Engineering, Los Angeles, CA 90089- 0781, USA. . George Bekey,” Autonomous Robots: From Biological Inspiration to Implementation and Control”, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2005. . Mr. M. Arun Kumar, Mrs. M. Sharmila ”Wireless Multi Axis ROBOT for Multi-Purpose Operations”, Department of ECE, SVCET & JNT University Anantapur, India. . Dr. S. Bhargavi, S. Manjunath, “Design of an Intelligent Combat Robot for war fields”, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, S.J.C.I.T, Chikballapur, Karnataka,India . www.Atmel.com . Atmel data sheets http://www.keil.com/ dd/ docs/ datashts/ atmel/at89s51_ds.pdf. . Robert L.Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”, 8th Edition, 2006. . Pete Miles & Tom Carroll, Build Your Own Combat Robot, (2002).
J. Karthiyayini "Robot Assisted Emergency Search and Rescue System with Wireless Sensors" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.28-32 2017
There is a tremendous growth of digital data due to the stunning progress of digital devices which facilitates capturing them. Digital data include image, text, and video. Video represents a rich source of information. So, there is an urgent need to retrieve, organize, and automate videos. Video retrieval is a vital process in multimedia applications such as video search engines, digital museums, video-on-demand broadcasting. The concept space is clustered, and the concepts which are near the clusters centroids are selected and called the bases concepts. In this paper, the different approaches of video retrieval are clearly and briefly categorized. Moreover, the different methods which try to bridge the semantic gap in video retrieval are discussed in more details.
- Page(s): 33-37
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- G Nagappa Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Malla Reddy of Engineering & Technology, Secunderbad, India
- G.Nageshwar Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Malla Reddy of Engineering & Technology, Secunderbad, India
- E Sagar Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, Malla Reddy of Engineering & Technology, Secunderbad, India
. A Yusuf, S Mubarak, et al. Utilizing semantic word similarity measures for video retrieval. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2008. . B Lamberto, B Marco, et al. Video annotation and retrieval using ontologies and rule learning. IEEE MultiMedia 2010; 17: 80-88. . B Marco, B Del Alberto, et al. Learning ontology rules for semantic video annotation. International Conference on Multimedia Many Faces of Multimedia Semantics 2008; 1-8. . F Jianping, L Hangzai, et al. Incorporating Concept Ontology for Hierarchical Video Classification, Annotation, and Visualization. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2007; 9: 939-957. . L Wei-Hao, H Alexander, which thousand words are worth a picture? Experiments on video retrieval using a thousand concepts. IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo 2006. . E Nizar, Z Mohamed, et al. A fuzzy ontology: Based framework for reasoning in visual video content analysis and indexing. Eleventh International Workshop on Multimedia Data Mining, MDMKDD 2011; 1: 1:8. . G Jie, M Zhenjiang, et al. Temporal-Spatial Refinements for Video Concept Fusion. Conference on Computer Vision 2012: 547-559. . G Fei, Indoor Outdoor Image Classification. Computer vision 2011. . H Alexeander, Y Rong, et al. Can high level concepts fill the semantic gap in video retrieval? A case study with broadcast news. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2007; 9: 958-966. . H Alexander, L Wei-Hao. How many high level concepts will fill the semantic gap in video retrieval. International conference on Image and video retrieval 2007: 627-634. . H Weiming, X Nianhua, et al. A Survey on visual content-based video indexing and retrieval. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 2011; 41: 797-819. . H Chung-Lin, S Huang-Chia, et al Semantic analysis of soccer video using dynamic Bayesian network. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2006; 8: 749-760. . J Yu-Gang, Y Akira, et al. CU-VIREO374: fusing Columbia374 and VIREO374 for large scale semantic concept detection. Columbia University ADVENT Technical Report 2008. . J Yu-gang, D Qi, et al. Fast Semantic Diffusion for Large-Scale Context-Based Image and Video Annotation. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2012; 21: 3080-3091. . LH Ken, W Ming-Fang, et al. Association and temporal rule mining for post-Filtering of semantic concept detection in video. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2008; 10: 240-251. . M Naphade, K Igor, et al. A factor graph framework for semantic indexing and retrieval in video. Proceedings Workshop on Content-based Access of Image and Video Libraries 2000: 35-39. . N Milind, SR John, et al. Large scale concept ontology for multimedia. IEEE Multimedia 2006;13: 86-91. . SR John, C Shih-Fu, Visually searching the Web for content. IEEE MultiMedia 1997; 4: 12-20. . SGM Cees, W Marcel, Concept-Based Video Retrieval. Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval 2007; 2: 215-322.
G Nagappa, G.Nageshwar and E Sagar "Learning Ontology Rules for Semantic Video Retrieval" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.33-37 2017
Pin joints are structural elements which are extensively used in mechanical and structural design. Friction plays a significant role in fastener joints in redistributing the stress and there by affecting fatigue life. In the current paper lug joint with rigid push fit is considered. It is well known that as the load is increased on the interface, localized relative slip is initiated between the pin and the lug. This initiated slip is due to the shear forces on parts of interface overcoming the local frictional forces. Therefore the region of slip spreads non- linearly with the applied load. Slip amplitude for push fit with smooth and rough interface is determined by inverse technique. Slip region leads to high stress concentration at the edge of the hole influence difficulties in fretting damage, crack initiation crack growth life. .
- Page(s): 38-42
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- P. Neelima Department of Aerospace Engineering, Jain University, Jakkasandra Post, Kanakapura Road, Bangalore, India
- P. Neelima Department of Aerospace Engineering, Jain University, Jakkasandra Post, Kanakapura Road, Bangalore, India
. V.A Eshwar, B. Dattaguru, A.K Rao, effect of friction in interference joints, Res mechanica,18(1986)355-273. . L. Chickmath, B. Dattaguru , prognostic analysis of fastener joints in straight attachment lugs. . Bickley WG (1928), the distribution of stress around a circular hole in a plate.Roy.soc.(London),series A. . K. Satish Kumar, B. Dattaguru, T. S. Ramamurthy 0020-7403(95)00091-7. . K. Bharath, L. Chickmath, prognosis analysis of tapered lug with interference and clearance fits under fatigue loading. . S. P. Ghose, B. Dattaguru, A. K Rao, analysis of rough interference fit bolted joints for aerospace applications. . I. Sogalad, Subramanya Udupa NG (2006), a comparative study of stress distribution in interference fitted assemblies. Indian J Eng mater sci13:398-404. . P. D. Mangalagiri, B. Dattaguru, bonded smooth rigid circular pin in an orthotropic sheet, Res Mechanica,12(1984)1-17. . V.A. Eshwar, analysis of clearance fit pin joints. . Chandrapatla,”Introduction to FEA” 3rd edition, 2008
P. Neelima & B. Dattaguru "Effect of Friction during Load Transfer in Lug Joints" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.38-42 2017
The objective of the present work is to increase the wear resistance for long life of applications. It is found that increase in the carbides in an alloy which resulted in to enhancement in hardness and wear resistance. The wear resistance was evaluated by testing in accordance with ASTE International Committee G-99 Standard. An improved performance of wear resistanceis obtained by increasing the content of chromium in the carbidic ductile cast iron. The results are discussed based on the influence of chromium content on the casting. .
- Page(s): 43-46
- Date of Publication: 12 December 2017
- R.RajvelAssistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore – 641 107, India
- S.MahendranAssistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore – 641 107, India
- R.Pradeep KumarAssistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore – 641 107, India
. S.A.Patil, S.U.Pathak, Ajay Likhite, Development And Wear Analysis Of Carbidic Austempered Ductile Iron (CADI) Vol.3, February 2014. . Xiaoguang, You Wang, D.Y.Li,Chaohui Wang, Xuewi Li, Zhiwei Zou, Solid Particle Erosion Behaviour Of Carbidic Austempered Ductile Iron Modified By Nanoscale Ceria Particles. . Pongsak Chaengkham, Panya Srichandr, Continuously Cast Ductile Iron: Processing,Structures, And Properties. . S.Lanio,J.A.Sikora,R.C.Dommarco, Development Of Wear Resistant Carbidic Austempered Ductile Iron(CADI). . Yun-Cheng Peng,Hui-Jin Jin,Jin-Hai Liu,Guo-Lu Li, Effect Of Boron On The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Carbidic Austempered Ductile Iron. . Peng Yen-Cheng, Jin Hui-Jin, Liu Jin-Hai , Li Guo-Lu Influence On The Cooling Rate On The Microstructure And Properties Of A New Wear Resistant Cardibic Austempered Ductile Iron(CADI) . Aravind Vadiraj, G.Balachandran,M..Kamaraj,Ekusa Kazuya, Mechanical And Wear Behaviour Of Quenched And Tempered Alloyed Hypereutectic Gray Cast Iron. . A.A.Nofal, L.Jekova “Novel Processing Techniques And Application Of Austempered Ductile Iron” Journal Of The The University Of Chemical Technology And Metallurgy Jul 2009. . J.O. Agunsoye, A.A.Ayeni “Effect Of Heat Treatment On Theabrasion Wear Behaviour Of High Chromium Iron Under Dry Sliding Conditions “Tribology Finks 2012. . J.Jezierski, D.Bartocha “Properties Of Cast Iron Modifying With New Use Of Inoculants” Achievements Oin Materials And Manufacturing Engineering May 2007. . S.Mahendran, K.M.Eazhil, L.Senthil Kumar “Design and Analysis of Composite Spur gear” International journal of research and Scientific Innovation November 2014 . K.M.Eazhil, S.Mahendran, S.Ganesh Kumar “Optimization of Tungsten Inert Gas Welding on6063 Aluminum Alloy on Taguchi Method” International journal of research and Scientific Innovation November 2014. . M.Adamiak, J.Gorka, T.Kik “Comparisonof Abrasion Resistant For Selected Constructional Materials” Achievements Oin Materials And Manufacturing Engineering Dec 2009. . Harinder Pal, Nrip Jit, Anand K Tyagi, Sarabjeet Sidhu “Metal Casting – A General Review” Advance Of Applied Science and Research 2011. . Johnson O. Agunsoye , Talabi S. Issac, Olumuyiwa I.Awe, Afemefuna T.Onwuedbuzia “Effect Of Silicon Additions On The Wear Properties Of Gray Cast Iron” Journal Of Minerals And Materials Charecterization And Engineering 2013. . Prof.S.S.Patil, Madhav Kanadae “Parameter Optimization Of Turning Process Using Taguchi Method” IJERT Apr 2014.
R.Rajvel, S.Mahendran, R.Pradeep Kumar "Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Carbidic Ductile Cast Iron" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.43-46 2017
With the advent of efficient DC to DC and DC to AC converters, the performance of standalone and grid connected photovoltaic systems has been improved upto a great extent. Due to the considerably gaining popularity of photovoltaic systems among other renewable resources, power electronic device interface have become an essential key element. This paper describes the comprehensive analysis of seven level cascaded H-bridge (CHB) and neutral point clamped (NPC) multilevel inverters with boost converter using maximum power point tracking algorithm. Maximum power point tracking technique in the photovoltaic systems is implemented using perturb and observe (P&O) to obtain optimal output of PV array by continuously tracking along the maximum power point (MPP). The simulation study has been carried out under MATLAB/Simulation environment.
- Page(s): 47-50
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- Satish Kumar TripathiDepartment of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, RIT, Raipur, C.G., India
- Ritesh DiwanDepartment of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, RIT, Raipur, C.G., India
 Venkatachalam, Jovitha Jerome and J. Karpagam, "An experimental investigation on a multilevel inverter for solar energy applications," International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 2013, pp.157-167.  Ebrahim Babaei, Mohammad Farhadi and Farshid Najaty, "Symmetric and asymmetric multilevel inverter topologies with reduced switching devices," Electric Power Systems Research,2012, pp. 122- 130.  Rodriguez, J.; Jih-Sheng Lai; Fang Zheng Peng; , "Multilevel inverters: a survey of topologies, controls, and applications," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on , vol.49, no.4, pp. 724- 738, Aug 2002  Gupta, K.K.; Jain, S., "A Novel Multilevel Inverter Based on Switched DC Sources," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on , vol.61, no.7, pp.3269-3278, July 2014.  Jia-Min Shen, Hurng-Liahng Jinn-Chang Wu and Kuen-Der, "Five-Level Inverter for Renewable Power Generation System, IEEE transactions on energy conversion," 2013, pp.257-266.  Gupta, K.K.; Jain, S., "A novel universal control scheme for multilevel inverters," Power Electronics, Machines and Drives (PEMD 2012), 6th IET International Conference on , vol., no., pp.1,6, 27-29 March 2012.  Savita Nema, R.K.Nema and Gayatri Agnihotri, "Matlab/Simulink based study of photovoltaic cells I modules I array and their experimental verification," International Journal of Energy and Environment, 2010, pp.487-500.  Dezso Sera, Remus Teodorescu, and Tamas Kerekes, (2009) “Maximum Power Point Trackers Using a Photovoltaic Array Model with Graphical User Interface,” Institute of energy technology.  K. K. Gupta, A. Ranjan, P. Bhatnagar, L. K. Sahu and S. Jain, "Multilevel Inverter Topologies With Reduced Device Count: A Review," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 135-151, Jan. 2016.  N. Prabaharan, K. Palanisamy, Analysis and integration of multilevel inverter configuration with boost converters in a photovoltaic system, In Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 128, 2016, Pages 327-342, ISSN 0196-8904.  Javier Chavarria, Domingo Bie!, Francesc Guinjoan, Carlos Meza and Juan J. Negroni, "Energy-Balance Control of PV Cascaded Multilevel Grid-Connected Inverters Under Level Shifted and Phase-Shifted PWMs," IEEE transactions on industrial electronics, 2013, pp.98-111.  Marcelo Gradella Villalva, Jonas Rafael Gazoli and Ernesto Ruppert Filho, "Comprehensive Approach to Modeling and Simulation of Photovoltaic Arrays," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2009, pp. 1198-1207.  J. Surya Kumari and Ch. Sai Babu, "Comparison of Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms for Photovoltaic System," International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, 2011, pp. 133-148.  Michael E. Ropp and Sigifredo Gonzalez, "Development of a MATLAB/Simulink Model of a Single-Phase Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System," IEEE transactions on energy conversion, 2009, pp. 1-8.
Satish Kumar Tripathi and Ritesh Diwan "PV fed Seven Level CHB and NPC Converters using MPPT Technique for Low Power Applications: A Comparative Analysis" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.47-50 2017
INTRODUCTION The paper is to examine the impact of marketing strategies on rural Odisha and shift of MNC absorption towards the Indian rural market with special respect to KBK Areas. Veryoften, rural marketing is confused with agricultural marketing, Particular emphasis is placed on the impact of the four A’s principles on the economy and its participants namely farmers, landless labourers and marketing rural intermediaries where the marketing had a positive effect on all these through the creation of vast marketing opportunities. The driving force for this success were generating virtuous cycles in the transition marketing. It observed from recent survey that only Trade Fair and Cultural Fest are not enough to create ample marketing opportunities for Rural market in research areas of Odisha. .
- Page(s): 51-58
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- Prof. Dr. Joysingha MishraDept. of Business Administration, ABIT Group of Institutions, Cuttack, Odisha, India
- Abhijeet SinghDept. of Business Administration, ABIT Group of Institutions, Cuttack, Odisha, India
Marketing Management: Philip Kotler Ninth Edition PHI Marketing: J.C.Gandhi TMH Website: Google Other: Print Promotion Brochure and Hand outs
Prof. Dr. Joysingha Mishra, Abhijeet Singh "Rural Market in Odisha: A Case Analysis w.r.t K.B.K., Odisha" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.51-58 2017
Recent advances in compact, practical adiabatic computing circuits which demonstrate significant energy savings have renewed interest in using such techniques in low-power systems. In this paper power consumption of different sequential circuits like brute force latch , master slave D-flip flop and parallel-in-parallel-out shift registers based on different adiabatic logic families like 2N-2N2P, ECRL, PFAL were compared at 180 nm technology . Power consumption of PFAL adiabatic logic family is least in comparative to 2N-2N2P and ECRL adiabatic logic families. Maximum power consumption is obtained in ECRL family i.e. approximately 2.5 times greater than power consumption of 2N-2N2P logic family and 3.5 times greater than power consumption of PFAL logic family at various frequencies ranging from 350MHz to 500MHz.
- Page(s): 59-63
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- Garima Madan Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Ram JaiPal College, Chapra, India
. Yibin Ye and Kaushik Roy, “QSERL: Quasi-Static Energy Recovery Logic”, IEEE journal of solid state Circuits, vol. 36, no. 2, February 2001. . M. Alioto and G. Palumbo, “Modeling of Power Consumption of Adiabatic Gates versus Fan in and Comparison with Conventional Gates” Patmos 2000, LNCS 1918, pp. 265-275, 2000. . W. Athas, L. Svensson, J. Koller and N. Tzartzanis, E. Ying-Chin Chou, “Low-Power Digital Systems Based on Adiabatic-Switching Principles,” IEEE trans. on VLSI, vol. 2, n. 4, pp. 398–407, December 1994. . Yong Moon and Deog-Kyoon Jeong , “An Efficient Charge Recovery Logic Circuit”, IEEE journal of solid state Circuits, vol. 31, no. 4, April 1996. . A. Kramer, J. S. Denker, B. Flower and J. Moroney, “2nd Order Adiabatic Computation with 2N-2P And 2N-2N2P Logic Circuits”, Proceedings of the 1995 international symposium on Low power design, pp. 191 - 196 , 1995. . Ettore Amirante , Agnese Bargagli-toffi, Jurgen Fischer, Giuseppe Iannaccone and Don’s Schmitt-Landsiedel , “Variation Of the Power Dissipation in Adiabatic Logic Gates”, IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, vol. 12, pp 1248-1253,2004 . Conrad H. Ziesler, Joohee Kim Marios C. Papaefthymiou and Suhwan Kim, “Energy Recovery Design for Low-Power ASICs” . Alex G.Dickinson and John S. Denker, “Adiabatic Dynamic Logic”, IEEE journal of solid state Circuits, vol. 30, no. 3, March 1995. . Jan M. Rabaey, Anantha Chandrakasan and Borivoje Nikolic, “Digital Integrated Circuits-A Design Prespective”, 2nd ed., Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2006. . A.G. Dickinson and J.S. Denker, “Adiabatic Dynamic Logic”, IEEE journal of solid state Circuits, vol. 30, no. 3, pp 311-314, 1995. . J. Fischer, E. Amirante, A. Bargagli-Stoffi, and D. Schmitt-Landsiedel, “Improving the positive feedback adiabatic logic familiy”, Proceedings by Advances in Radio Sciences, pp 221-225, 2004. . Kaushik Roy, Sharat C Prasad and Jean Claude Ed Roy “Low Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design”, Wiley-Interscience publication . . A.Blotti, S.Di Pascoli and R.Saletti , “A Comparison of some circuit schemes fir Semi-Reversible Adiabatic Logic”, Proceedings by International Journal of electronics, vol 89, no 2 , pp 147-158 . Sherif A. Tawfik and Volkan Kursun, “Low-Power high-Performance FinFET Sequential Circuits”, IEEE journal of solid state Circuits, vol. 30, no. 3, 2000. . Myeong – Eun Hwang, Arijit Raychowdhury, and Kaushik Roy, “Energy-Recovery Techniques to Reduce On-Chip Power Density in molecular Nanotechnologies”, IEEE transactions on Circuits And Systems,vol 52, no 8, August 2005. . Sung-Mo kang and Yusuf Leblebici , “CMOS Digital Integated Circuits, Analysis and Design”, 3rd Edition,Tata McGraw Hill Publication. . B.Wang and P.Mazumder, “On Optimality of Adiabatic Switching in MOS Energy-Recovery Circuit”, In International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, Proceedings, pp 236-239, 2004. . C. Kim, S.M. Yoo, and S.M. Kang, “Low power adiabatic computing with NMOS energy recovery logic”, Electronics Letters, 36(16),2000,pp 1349-1350 . J.Lim, D.G.Kim, and S.I. Chae, “NMOS reversible energy recovery logic for ultra-low-energy applications”, IEEE journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol.35(6), 2000, pp 865-875. . R.T. Hinman and M.F. Schlect, “Recovered energy logic- A highly efficient alternative today’s logic circuits”, proceedings iEEE power Electron.Specialists Conf, 1993 , pp 17-26 . Michael P. Frank and Marco Ottavi, “Energy Transfer and Recovery Efficiencies for Adiabatic Charging with various driving waveforms,” Research Memo, 2006. . Kaushik Roy , Yibin Ye, “Ultra Low Energy Computing using Adiabatic Switching Principle”, ECE Technical Reports, Purdue University, Indiana, March, 1995. . C.Hu, “Future CMOS Scaling and Reliability”, Proceedings IEEE, Vol. 81, No.05, pp. 682-689, February 2004. . W.C. Athas, J.G. Koller, L. Svensson, “An Energy- Efficient CMOS Line Driver using Adiabatic Switching,” Fourth Great Lakes symposium on VLSI, California, March 2005. . B. Voss and M. Glesner, “A Low Power Sinusoidal Clock,” In Proc. of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2001.
Garima Madan "A Comparative Study of Power Dissipation of Sequential Circuits for 2N-2N2P, ECRL and PFAL Adiabatic Logic Families" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.59-63 2017
Krishna river is holy river known from the ancient times. Pushakaram or kumbamela is festival celebrated for every 12 years. for each river. a holy dip in the river is believed to clear sins and cure skin diseases. due to huge crowd dip in the river the water is more prone to pollution. Knowing its importance of pushakarm, the guntupalli ghat is selected for study. The present study to analyse the certain parameters collected Krishna water in pushakar and values are compared with WHO, BIS and EPA STANDARD VALUES. there are many parameters are studied in order to determine the quality of the water such as PH ,TURBIDITY , transparency, TOTAL HARDNESS OF WATER,TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS ,CONDUCTIVITY and IRON percentage in the results as the day goes on the turbidity and TDS and hardness of water is increasing. every parameter is a significant for relating with increased river water pollution during the period of pushkar, the measure to be taken is increasing the water levels and checking the water quality, removing water hardness and killing the disease causing germs by establishing a water treatment plant and creating public awareness and regarding maintaining the quality of water in pushakar times.
- Page(s): 64-67
- Date of Publication: 29 Decemeber 2017
- D SravaniAssistant Professor of Chemistry, Aditya College of Engineering and Technology, Surampalem, Kakinada, India
- K. Mrudula Devi Assistant Professor of Chemistry Aditya College of Pharmacy, India
. APHA, 2005, American Water works Association, Water Environment Federation 1995 Standard methods for the examination of Water and Waste water 19th Edn. Washington DC . T.Vijaya Prasadini and N. Srinivasu estimation of metals in Godavari water by icp-ms method International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology 2015 . Robert “Bob” Masters (2001) Drugs on tap In: Emerging Contaminants. Water & Wastewater International August, 2001 16(4): 11-12 . C. Deokar, Assessment of physico-chemical characteristics water bodies from Umrale, Nasik Maharashtra (India), Int. J. Pharma. Res. Dev. 6(12) (2015) 26 – 28. . V. Srinivasrao, A.M. Khan, Y.L.N. Murthy, P.V.S. Machiraju, Physical characteristics of Godavari river water at Nanded and Rajahmundry, Roll. Res. 27 (1) (2008) 173-175. . B. Vanitha, Nirmala, B. Rao, Analysis of water quality using physiochemical parameters of Kargil in Karimnagar District, Telgana State during the season of summer, World Jour. Pharm. Res. 4 (1) (2015) 1380-1384. . Sandeep K.Pandey1 *, Shweta Tiwari2 “PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF GROUND WATER OF SELECTED AREA OF GHAZIPUR CITY-A CASE STUDY” Nature and Science, 2009;7(1), ISSN 1545-0740 . P. Jain, *J. D. Sharma, D. Sohu and P. Sharma “CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DRINKING WATER OF VILLAGES OF SANGANER TEHSIL, JAIPUR DISTRICT” Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. © Winter 2006, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 373-379 . M. Munnawar, Limnological studies on fresh water of certain polluted and unpolluted environments, Hydrobiol. 39 (1) (1970) 105-128. . P.S. Singh, R.S. Tomar, A. Jyoti, R.K. Mishra, V. Shrivastava, Assessment of physico-chemical & microbiological quality of Angoori barrage water bodies at Datia with special reference to human health, Eur. Aca. Res. 2(3) (2014) 4328-4350.
D Sravani, K. Mrudula Devi "Physiochemical Analysis of Pushakaram Water from Krishna River" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.64-67 2017
Objective: The main objective of the research work was to develop a simple, accurate, stability indicating RP-HPLC method for the quantification of Azilsartan and its related substances. Method: The method was developed by Hitachi Lachrome HPLC with the Develosil ODS HG-5 RP C18, (5µm,15 cm x4.6mm) , it has a mobile phase of buffer, methanol and acetonitrile(ACN) in the ratio of 60:30:10v/v/v was used. The flow rate was set at 1.0 ml/ min. ml/min with a detection wavelength of 243nm using VWD detector. The method was validated for analytical parameters such as specificity, accuracy, precision, robustness and ruggedness as per ICH guidelines. Results: Under the specificity experiment, samples were stressed under various stress conditions and analyzed along with unstressed samples. AZM was found to be very stable under all degradation conditions. The developed method can be used for routine analysis because the linearity found in AZM, Impurity A, Impurity B, Impurity C and Impurity D was nearing 1 that is 0.999, 0.998, 0.997, 0.999 and 0.998 respectively which shows the good regression for linearity. The results from solution stability experiments confirmed that standard and sample solutions were stable up to 24 h for both assay and related substances analysis. Maximum recovery is obtained by this developed method and the mean percentage recovery for each component was nearing 100%. Conclusion: Statistical validation of the data shows that the proposed method can be successfully applied for the routine analysis of the AZM and related substances. The satisfying % recoveries and low % RSD values were confirmed the suitability of the developed method for the usual analysis of AZM and related substances in pharmaceuticals.
- Page(s): 68-75
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- O. S. S. ChandanaAditya College of Engineering, Surampalem, Andhra Pradesh, India
- R. RavichandrababuDepartment of Chemistry, Institute of Science, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
. ICH Q2B: Validation of Analytical Procedure; Methodology (International Conferences on Harmonization of Technical requirements for the registration of Drugs for Human use, Geneva, Switzerland, May 1997) . ICH Q2B: Validation of Analytical Procedure; Methodology (International Conferences on Harmonization of Technical requirements for the registration of Drugs for Human use, Geneva, Switzerland, Nov 2003) . K Swamy, Rajendrakumar and Seshagirirao. A Novel Stability Indicating Validated RP-HPLC Method for Simultaneous Determination of Azilsartan and Amlodipine Besylate hydrochloride in bulk and tablet dosage form. ejbps, 2015, 2(1), 316-332. . K MadhuBabu , K BikshalBabu. Reverse Phase-HPLC Method Development And Validation For The Simultaneous Estimation Of AzilsartanMedoxomil And Chlortalidone In Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms. Journal of Atoms and Molecules 2012,2 (1) . K Neelima, Y. Rajendra Prasad. Development and Validation Of RP-HPLC Method For The Simultaneous Estimation Of Chlorthalidone And Cilnidipine In Bulk And Combined Tablet Dosage Form. Pharmacophore 2014, Vol. 5 (4), 442-450 . Naazneen, A Sridevi - Stability-Indicating RP-HPLC Method For The Simultaneous Estimation Of AzilsartanMedoxomil And Chlorthalidone In Solid Dosage Forms. Int J Pharm PharmSci, 2014, 6(6), 236-243. . P Vekariya, H Joshi - Development and Validation of RP-HPLC Method for Azilsartan Medoxomil Potassium Quantitation in Human Plasma by Solid Phase Extraction Procedure. ISRN Spectroscopy volume 2013 (2013). . Sunitha, CM Subash, TS Sushma , A Venu, BV Narasimha Rao, B AppaRao – Method Development And Validation Of Stability Indicating Rp-Hplc Method For Simaltaneous Estimation Of Azilsartan And Chlorthalidone In Pure And Pharmaceutical Dosage Form. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2015, 4(4), 966-974. . K Sandeep, Robin Kumar, Mymoonaakhtar, Chandaranjan, Gitachawla. Development and Validation of RP-HPLC method for Simultaneous Estimation of Azilsartan Medoximil and Chlorthalidone in bulk form and formulation using quality by design. Int j pharm pharm sci,2016 8(2), 266-272. . SnehalKarpe, S Sandeep, R Priya, K Sanjay. Development and Validation of a Bioanalytical RP-HPLC method for Azilsartan Medoxomil with liquid-liquid extraction. Int J Pharm PharmSci, 2016, 8(2), 164-168. . Sravani, SR Kumar, N Duganath , N Devanna. Method Development and Validation for the Simultaneous Estimation of Azilsartan and Chlorthalidone by RP-HPLC in Pharmaceutical Dosage Form/ Int J Pharma Sci. 2014, 4(5): 725-729.
O. S. S. Chandana, R. Ravichandrababu "Stability Indicating RP-HPLC Method for Azilsartan Related Substances in Solid Dosage Forms" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.68-75 2017
The main objects of this paper is to derive the results for the I- function involving the Riemann-Liouville, the Weyl and such other fractional calculus operators as those based on the Cauchy- Goursat integral formula. The results derived in this paper are basic in nature and may include a number of known and new results as special cases. .
- Page(s): 76-78
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- V. S. DhakarDepartment of Mathematics, ITM Group of Institutions Gwalior, Gwalior-474001, INDIA
- Smita SharmaDepartment of Mathematics, ITM Group of Institutions Gwalior, Gwalior-474001, INDIA
. Chaurasia, V.B.L. and Singh, J., “Fractional calculus results pertaining to special functions” Int. J. Contemp. Math. Sci. Vol. 5 No. 10 (2010) pp: 2381-2389 . Erdelyi, A., Magnus, W., Oberhettinger, F. and Tricomi, F. G., “Tables of integral transforms” Vol. II, MaGra-Hill Book Company, New York, (1954) . Fox, C., “The G- and H-functions as symmetrical Fourier kernels” Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 98(1961) pp: 395-429 . Nishimoto, K., “An essence of Nishimoto’s fractional calculus (Calculus of the 21st century): Integrations and Differentiations of arbitrary order” Descartes Press, Koriyama, (1991) . Nishimoto, K.,”Fractional calculus, Vols. I-V” Descartes Press, Koriyama, (1984, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1996) . Podlubny, I., “Fractional Differential Equations: An Introduction to Fractional Derivatives, Fractional Differential Equations, Some Methods of Their Solution and Some of Their Applications to Methods of Their Solution and Some of Their Applications” Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, (1999) . Samko, S. G., Kilbas, A. A. and Marichev, O. I., “Integrals and derivatives of fractional order and some of their applications (Nauka I Tekhnika, Minsk, 1987) translated in fractional integrals and derivatives: Theory and applications” Gordon and Beach Science Publishers, Reading, (1993) . Saxena, V. P.,”The I-function” Anamaya Publishers, New Delhi, (2008) . Sharma, K. and Dhakar, V.S., “On Fractional Calculus and Certain Results Involving - Function” GJSFR.Vo.11 Version 1.0 (2011) pp: 17-21. . Shrivastava, H. M., Buschman, R. G., “Theory and Applications of Convolution integral equations, Koluwer series on mathematics and its applications 79” Koluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, (1992) . Shrivastava, H. M., Owa, S. and Nishimoto, K.,”Some fractional differintegral equations” J. Math. Anal. Appl. 106 (1995) pp: 360-366.
V. S. Dhakar and Smita Sharma "Some Results Conncered to the I-Function of Fractional Calculus" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.76-78 2017
The electric network that deliver reliable and secure energy supply thereby enhancing the operation efficiency for generators and distributors are formed as smart grids. These networks employ advanced monitoring, control and communication technology providing flexibility of choice to consumers. The paper presents a glance of technical challenges that are faced by smart grids. Grids which are a fusion of complex physical network system and cyber systems, following this overview of potential contributors that cyber-physical system can make to smart grids and the challenges faced by cyber-physical system due to smart grids will be laid. Closing shall involve outcome of present technological advances to smart grids.
- Page(s): 79-83
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- Jyotirmaya Mishra Associate Professor, Department of CSE, GIET, Gunupur, India
- Ranjeet Kumar Panigrahi Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, GIET, Gunupur, India
- Gitanjali Mishra Assistant Professor, Department of CSE, GIET, Gunupur, India
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Jyotirmaya Mishra, Ranjeet Kumar Panigrahi, Gitanjali Mishra "Optimization of Smart Grids in a Cyber-Physical System Approach" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.79-83 2017
With the increased globalization, it is essential to establish and maintain effective cross cultural communication. Post-liberalization, the early 1990s gave a plethora of opportunities to Indian companies. Not only were they subjected to more competition, they also had the option of moving outside their shores in search of business. India has tied a knot with foreign countries for the various business deals. Indian market has tremendously risen in couple of years. Business Communication is of paramount importance. Good and effective communication is the key to success in global market and will also help in guiding one through the different challenges that a business might face.
- Page(s): 84-86
- Date of Publication: 29 Decemeber 2017
- Dr. Reetika SoodAssistant Professor (English), Maharaja Agrasen University, Baddi, Solan (H.P), India
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Dr. Reetika Sood "Cross Cultural Communication & Effective Communication" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.84-86 2017
In fast developing country, there are many trauma happened of losing its people for unwanted cause. The vehicle speed is the main factor for accidents in four way lanes. In order to monitor the traffic violations we have proposed a novel automated road surveillance in which the speed of a vehicle can be calculated using the time to cross the particular area. The violation of vehicle speed is informed to the driver and vehicle owner through message. If the speed of vehicle is greater than the limited at the second level then a geared DC motor with an automatic speed breaker is activated. To identify the exact vehicle a fixed RFID reader is used in elevated speed breaker to read the RFID tag fixed in vehicle bottom by the time of crossing the breaker. Then using this ID the details of vehicle are taken from the server and the information is provided to traffic control room to impose vehicle fine. A separate path clearance is provided for ambulance vehicle by enabling the upcoming traffic light control line. This method of implementing traffic rule will eliminate the human corruption and violation of traffic rule.
- Page(s): 87-90
- Date of Publication: 29 December 2017
- T.Joby TitusAssistant Professor (Sr.Gr.), Dept of Electronics and Communication Engineering Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore-10, India
- V.S.Sanjana DeviAssistant Professor, Dept of Electrical and Electronics Engineering , Sri Krishna College of Technology, India
- B.SaranyaAssistant Professor, Dept of Electronics and Communication Engineering Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore-10, India
- M.PravinAssistant Professor (Sr.Gr.), Dept of Electronics and Communication Engineering Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore-10, India
. Néstor Cárdenas-Benítez, Raúl Aquino-Santos, Pedro Magaña-Espinoza, José Aguilar-Velazco, Arthur Edwards-Block and Aldo Medina Cass, “Traffic Congestion Detection System through Connected Vehicles and Big Data”,Sensors 2016, 16, 599; doi:10.3390/s16050599 . Reshma R Nayak,Sahana S K,Anupama S Bagalkot,Soumya M, Roopa J, Govinda Raju M, N.Ramavenkateswaran, “Smart Traffic Congestion Control Using Wireless Communication”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 9, September 2013 ISSN (Print) : 2319-5940 ISSN (Online) : 2278-1021 . Sheela. S, Shivaram. K.R, Sunil Gowda.R, Shrinidhi.L, Sahana.S, Pavithra.H.S, “Innovative Technology for Smart Roads by Using IOT Devices”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science,Engineering and Technology ISSN(Online) : 2319-8753, ISSN (Print) : 2347-6710, Vol. 5, Special Issue 10, May 2016 . Bharath Kumar Perumalla, M. Sunil Babu, “An Intelligent Traffic and Vehicle Monitoring System using Internet of Things Architecture”, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) ISSN (Online): 2319-7064 , Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016 . Hasan Omar Al-Sakran, “Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology”, (IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2015 37 . J.Sherly,D.Somasundareswari, “Internet Of Things Based Smart Transportation Systems”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 02 Issue: 07 | Oct-2015 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 . Yashashree Joshi, Ashwini Joshi, Neha Tayade, Priyanka Shinde, Prof. S.M. Rokade, “IoT Based Smart Traffic Density Alarming Indicator”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 03 Issue: 10 | Oct -2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 . Chandana K K, Dr. S. Meenakshi Sundaram, Cyana D’sa, Meghana N Swamy, Navya K, “A Smart Traffic Management System for Congestion Control and Warnings Using Internet of Things (IoT)”, Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology ISSN 2415-6272 (Print), ISSN 2415-6264 (Online),Scholars Middle East Publishers, Dubai, United Arab Emirates DOI:10.21276/sjeat . Implementing Intelligent Traffic Control System for Congestion Control, Ambulance Clearance, and Stolen Vehicle Detection by Rajeshwari Sundar, Santhoshs Hebbar, and Varaprasad Golla from IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 15, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2015 . K. Mittal and D. Bhandari, “A novel approach to implement green wave system and detection of stolen vehicles,” in Proc. IEEE 3rd Int.Adv. Comput., Feb. 2013, pp. 1055–1059. . G. Varaprasad and R. S. D. Wahidabanu, “Flexible routing algorithm for vehicular area networks,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Intelligent Transport System. Telecommunication, Osaka, Japan, 2010, pp. 30–38. . M. Abdoos, N. Mozayani, and A. L. C. Bazzan, “Traffic light control in Non-stationary environments based on multi agent Q-learning,” in Process 14th Int. IEEE Conf. Intelligent Transport System, Oct. 2011, pp. 580–1585. . G. Varaprasad, “High stable power aware multicast algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks,” IEEE Sensors J., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1442–1446,May 2013. . Kumar, S. Sam Jai, T. Joby Titus, V. Ganesh, and VS Sanjana Devi. "Automotive Crack Detection for Railway Track Using Ultrasonic Sensorz." International Journal of Engineering Technology and Computer ResearchVol.4, no.6 pp.34-37,(2016).
T.Joby Titus, V.S.Sanjana Devi, B.Saranya, M.Pravin "Automatic Road Surveillance To Implement Vehicle Traffic Rule" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.87-90 2017
Agriculture being the backbone of many growing nations. Government and Individual estates, cultivated with cash crops and plantations with high dollar value are always in risk of being stolen, destroyed by wild animals and prone to forest fires attacks. The forest resources being nurtured for better return on investment needs frequent monitoring all day through one or more security personnel along with updating daily labor activities and farm produce of the crops, which is done manually and verification on the same is done on weekly basis. The loss of vegetative produce cannot be pointed towards an Individual, group or wild animals to the Police Station or Forest Department without prior evidence like some kind of a snapshot or video recording that needs to be submitted for further process. Prevention is better than cure and an application, which would integrate technology, to resolve this is need of the hour for Agriculturist's. .
- Page(s): 91-96
- Date of Publication: 03 January 2018
- Ashiq MIAssociate Projects, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India
- Kumaran AnbalaganAssociate Director, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India
- Senthilkumar BalashanmugamManager, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India
- Sreedhar Nuthalapati VSenior Manager, Cognizant Technology Solutions, India
. Brown T, 2008, Design thinking. Harvard Business Review 86(6)., pp.84-92, Google Scholar. . Hasso Plattner , Christoph Meinel , Larry Leifer,2010, Design Thinking: Understand - Improve - Apply, Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated. . Design Thinking for Enterprise Transformation: A “Digital Reimagination” Case Study, 2016, Genpact Lean Digital White paper. . Design Thinking and Digital Transformation, Use SAP’s proven design thinking approach to drive your digital transformation journey., December 2016. . An Introduction to Design Thinking- Process Guide, 2010, Hasso Plattner Institute of Design, Stanford. . Course on Imagine IoT(Internet of Things), 2016,openSAP. . Buxton B, 2007, Sketching User Experiences: Getting the Design Right and the Right Design, Morgan kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, Google Scholar . Arkın Efeoğlu, Charles Møller, Michel Sérié,2014, Solution Prototyping with Design Thinking –Social Media for SAP Store: A Case Study, Springer International Publishing SwitzerlandCCIS, Vol.447., pp.99-110
Ashiq MI, Kumaran Anbalagan, Senthilkumar Balashanmugam, Sreedhar Nuthalapati V "Implement Design Thinking Methodology for Prototyping a Smart Farm Application to Monitor, Control and view real-time data Analytics through SAP BUILD" International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation-IJRSI vol.4 issue 12, pp.91-96 2017